TABLE OF CONTENTS ______________________________________________________________________________ Executive Summary.........................................................................................................................1 I.

Spencer Abraham, Former Secretary of Energy...............................................................2 II. John Ashcroft, Former Attorney General........................................................................9 III. Andrew Card, Former White House Chief of Staff.....................................................19 IV. Mitch Daniels, Former Director of the Office of Management and Budget...............21 V. Don Evans, Former Secretary of Commerce................................................................22 VI. Alberto Gonzales, Former Attorney General..............................................................25 VII. Alphonso Jackson, Former Housing and Urban Development Secretary..................26 VIII. Mike Johanns, Former Secretary of Agriculture.......................................................27 IX. Mel Martinez, Former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development......................28 X. Norm Mineta, Former Secretary of Transportation......................................................29 XI. Jim Nicholson, Former Secretary of Veterans Affairs................................................33 XII. Gale Norton, Former Secretary of the Interior...........................................................35 XIII. Paul O’Neill, Former Secretary of the Treasury.......................................................37 XIV. Dr. Rod Paige, Former Secretary of Education........................................................46 XV. Rob Portman, Former United States Trade Representative and Former Director of the Office of Management and Budget..............................................52 XVI. General Colin Powell, Secretary of State.................................................................54 XVII. Anthony Principi, Former Secretary of Veterans Affairs........................................58 XVIII. Tom Ridge, Former Secretary of Homeland Security...........................................62 XIX. Donald Rumsfeld, Former Secretary of Defense......................................................73 XX. John Snow, Former Secretary of the Treasury...........................................................85

XXI. Tommy Thompson, Former Secretary of Health & Human Services.....................78 XXII. Ann Veneman, Former Secretary of Agriculture...................................................98 XXIII. Christine Todd Whitman, Former Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.............................................................................................................99 XXIV. Robert Zoellick, Former U.S. Trade Representative...........................................106

Exhibits........................................................................................................................................108

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report is the culmination of Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington’s (“CREW”) investigation into the activities of 24 former members of President Bush’s cabinet. The report demonstrates that the “revolving door” remains open. After leaving their government positions, many of these top officials joined the ranks of the companies they once regulated where they are highly compensated. In several instances, they have helped their new employers obtain lucrative government grants and contracts. The report names the companies these former officials have joined and the private interests for which they have advocated. Perhaps more importantly, it also reveals the power they continue to wield within the halls of government. To compile this information CREW staff reviewed news articles, press releases, websites, lobbying disclosure forms, and other public records. While aiming to be exhaustive, because information is not always readily available, CREW may not have uncovered every position held by these former officials. Similarly, CREW relied on the Senate Open Public Records website for information on lobbying activities. Under the Lobbying Disclosure Act, however, a number of threshold requirements must be met before registration is required. Therefore, it is possible that an organization or individual lobbied, but was not required to file a registration form and, accordingly, was not included here. KEY FINDINGS 17 former cabinet officials hold positions with a total of 119 companies. 17 former officials hold positions with 65 companies that lobby the federal government. 15 former officials hold positions with 40 companies that lobby those officials’ former agencies. 9 former cabinet members hold positions with 15 companies that began or resumed lobbying the former officials’ agencies after those officials joined the companies. The most prodigious corporate advisor appears to be former Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services Tommy Thompson, who has worked for 42 different companies since leaving the Bush administration. Five former officials founded lobbying firms. Combined, these firms have represented at least 48 clients. Ten former cabinet officials work with 39 different non-profit organizations. Since leaving the government, five have written or are reportedly in the process of writing books. Three former officials were elected to office.

Spencer Abraham, Former Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham served as Secretary of Energy from January 20, 20011 to January 31, 2005.2 During his tenure, Mr. Abraham oversaw the California energy crisis and the worst blackout in U.S. history.3 Hoover Institution Immediately after leaving office, Mr. Abraham was named a Distinguished Visiting Fellow by the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace on February 1, 2005.4 The Hoover Institution is a conservative public policy think tank located at Stanford University.5 Mr. Abraham was a fellow at Hoover until 2008, and focused on the areas of high-tech and energy policy.6 Occidental Petroleum Corporation On May 6, 2005, Occidental Petroleum Company announced Mr. Abraham had been elected to its board of directors.7 Occidental “engages in oil and gas exploration and production and makes basic chemicals, plastics, and petrochemicals.”8 Directors of Occidental were paid $60,000 a year in 2007, plus $2,000 for each meeting of the board of directors or of its

Terrence Hunt, Bush Sworn in as 43rd President, Associated Press, January 20, 2001 (Exhibit 1). Adam Rankin, National Lab Workers Reassured on Benefits, Albuquerque Journal, February 26, 2005 (Exhibit 2). David Lazarus, Abraham Won’t be Missed, San Francisco Chronicle, November 17, 2004 (Exhibit 3). Press Release, U.S. Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham Appointed Hoover Distinguished Visiting Fellow, Business Wire, February 1, 2005 (Exhibit 4). Lisa Krieger, Donald Rumsfeld Heading to Stanford’s Hoover Institution, San Jose Mercury News, September 7, 2007 (Exhibit 5).
6 5 4 3 2

1

http://www.hoover.org/bios/abraham.html (Exhibit 6).

Press Release, Spencer Abraham Elected to Occidental Board of Directors, PrimeZone Media Network, May 6, 2005 (Exhibit 7). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=11110 (Exhibit 8).
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committees they attended.9 While Mr. Abraham was at Occidental, the company began shipping oil to the U.S. from Libya, marking the first time Libyan crude had been delivered to American shores in 20 years.10 Libya’s energy lobbyist was a former deputy of Mr. Abraham, whose firm has a $750,000 contract with Libya’s government.11 As part of his work on the board, Mr. Abraham sat on the committee that directed the company’s charitable contributions.12 In September 2006, Occidental joined three other U.S. corporations in creating the U.S.-Lebanon Partnership Fund to “provide critically needed resources to assist in the reconstruction effort in Lebanon” following the 2006 Hezbollah-Israel conflict.13 Mr. Abraham also served on the board of directors committee that dealt with environmental, health, and safety issues.14 In the two and a half years before Mr. Abraham joined Occidental, the company had not lobbied the Department of Energy.15 After the former secretary joined the company, it resumed lobbying the department.16 Committee for Justice Mr. Abraham co-chaired the Committee for Justice starting September 20, 2005.17 The http://www.oxy.com/Investor_Relations/governance/Pages/director_compensation.aspx (Exhibit 9).
10 9

Abraham Opens for Business, Jack O’Dwyer’s Newsletter, November 9, 2005 (Exhibit Id.

10).
11

Occidental Petroleum Corporation, Board Structure and Operation, www.oxy.com (Exhibit 11). Press Release, Four of America’s Corporate Leaders Launch Lebanon Rebuilding Effort, Business Wire, September 25, 2006 (Exhibit 12).
14 13

12

http://www.oxy.com/Investor_Relations/governance/Pages/environmental_committee.aspx (Exhibit 13).
15

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1(Exhibit 14).

Occidental Petroleum Corporation, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Occidental Petroleum Corporation, 2008 (Exhibit 15). Press Release, CFJ Announces New Senior Leadership, PR Newswire, September 20, 2005 (Exhibit 16).
17

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committee works to support the nomination and confirmation of strict-constructionist judges.18 In November 2005, while Mr. Abraham was co-chair, the committee issued ads in support of the confirmation of then Supreme Court Justice nominee Samuel Alito.19 The committee also took an active role in supporting then-Supreme Court Chief Justice nominee John Roberts’ confirmation to the Supreme Court.20 The Abraham Group Nine months after leaving the Department of Energy, Mr. Abraham formed the Abraham Group, LLC,21 a consulting firm focused on the international energy sector that also offered strategic advice to U.S. and foreign companies.22 The Abraham Group was a registered to lobby on behalf of Trans Global Petroleum; earning $75,000 for pushing the company’s agenda with Departments of State, Commerce, and Energy, the House of Representatives and the Senate since 2007.23 Trans Global Petroleum is a Houston-based international oil company that has undertaken projects in Colorado, Texas, Turkey, Syria, and Jordan.24 The former energy secretary is not a registered lobbyist. The Abraham Group also advises at least four energy companies. Houston-based Cheniere Energy, Inc. hired Mr. Abraham’s firm to advise the company on liquified natural gas transactions on October 21, 2005.25 The firm’s job was to help Cheniere’s plans for two liquified

18

Id.

Press Release, CFJ Announces Seven-State Thanksgiving Week Radio and TV Ad Buy Defending Alito, PR Newswire, November 17, 2005 (Exhibit 17). Kathy Barks Hoffman, GOP Chairman: Abraham Would Make a Good Supreme Court Choice, Associated Press, September 23, 2005 (Exhibit 18). Press Release, Former Energy Secretary Abraham Launches International Consulting Firm, PR Newswire, October 20, 2005 (Exhibit 19).
22 21 20

19

Id.

The Abraham Group, LLC, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Trans Global Petroleum, 2007; The Abraham Group, LLC, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Trans Global Petroleum, 2008; The Abraham Group, LLC, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Trans Global Petroleum, 2008 (Exhibit 20). http://www.transglobalpetroleum.com/about/about.htm; http://www.transglobalpetroleum.com/corp_str/ProfTeam.htm (Exhibit 21). Press Release, Cheniere Energy Engages The Abraham Group, Business Wire, October 21, 2005 (Exhibit 22).
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natural gas facilities on the Gulf Coast gain federal regulatory approval.26 Less than a month after hiring Mr. Abraham’s firm, Cheniere gained authorization from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to build one of its planned liquified natural gas facilities in Texas.27 Second, Rentech Inc., on February 16, 2006, asked the Abraham Group for advice on its domestic coal-to-liquids projects.28 The firm’s job was to help Rentech obtain federal loans guaranteed in a 2005 energy law for construction of coal-to-liquid plants in the United States.29 Third, since September 2007, the firm has been offering consulting services to American companies operating in Qatar.30 The country is one of the world’s leading producers of liquified natural gas, a field in which the consulting company specializes.31 Finally, in March 2008, Mr. Abraham’s firm partnered with Bond Companies, a construction and renovation company, to acquire and re-develop the Beaufont Center just outside Richmond, Virginia.32 Mr. Abraham said he wanted to make the Beaufont Center more environment-friendly during renovations.33 Areva, Inc. Capitalizing on his experience in the energy department, Mr. Abraham was named nonexecutive chairman of the board of directors of Areva Inc. on February 28, 2006.34 Areva is the United States arm of the French company Areva Group, an atomic energy company that mines

Judy Sarasohn, Abraham’s Rechanneled Energy, Washington Post, November 3, 2005 (Exhibit 23). Fanny S. Chirinos, FERC Approves Cheniere LNG Its Construction Slated to Begin Within 6 Months, Corpus Christi Caller-Times, December 17, 2005 (Exhibit 24). Press Release, Rentech, Inc. Engages the Abraham Group, PR Newswire, February 16, 2005 (Exhibit 25).
29 28 27

26

Id. Abraham Group Plants Flag in Qatar, Intelligence Online, September 6, 2007(Exhibit Id.

30

26).
31

Press Release, Bond Companies Completes Acquisition of Beaufont Center, Market Wire, March 21, 2008 (Exhibit 27).
33

32

Id.

Bill Loveless, With Eye on New Opportunities in U.S., AREVA Unit Names Abraham Chairman, Platts Inside Energy, March 6, 2006 (Exhibit 28).

34

5

and enriches uranium and builds and services nuclear reactors.35 The company is 79 percent owned by the Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique (or the French Atomic Energy Commission) and made over 14 billion in sales in 2006.36 Companies affiliated with Areva won millions worth of contracts from the Department of Energy during Mr. Abraham’s tenure. Cogema Inc., an Areva subsidiary, was awarded part of a $29.7 million contract by the Department of Energy for designing nuclear waste material handling systems.37 Similarly, Transnuclear Inc., another company affiliated with Areva, was awarded a $16 million contract for work on an energy department site in Washington during Mr. Abraham’s tenure as secretary.38 Areva continued to receive federal funding from the Department of Energy after Mr. Abraham joined as chairman, earning over $639 million from the agency from fiscal year 2006 through 2008.39 Part of Mr. Abraham’s job as chairman was to guide Areva in taking advantage of loan guarantees under the Energy Policy Act of 2005, legislation he helped formulate and support when holding the top post at the energy department.40 Mr. Abraham said he was compensated for his services as chairman but would not reveal how much, only saying it was “very modest by industry standards.”41 While Mr. Abraham was at Areva, the company continued to lobby the Department of Energy.42 Since Mr. Abraham joined Areva, the company has registered to lobby the Department

Id.; http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=104852 (Exhibit 29).
36

35

Loveless, Platts Inside Energy, March 6, 2006.

Josh Gelinas, Foreign Presence Common for SRS, Augusta Chronicle, March 27, 2006 (Exhibit 30).
38

37

Id.

http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?reptype=l&database=fpds&fiscal_year=&fir st_year_range=2006&last_year_range=2008&company_name=Areva&city=&state=&vendor_c d=&ZIPCode=&vendorCountryCode=&contractor_type=&principalNAICSCode=&stateCode= &pop_cd=&placeOfPerformanceZIPCode=&placeOfPerformanceCountryCode=&mod_agency= &mod_fund_agency=&psc_cat=&psc_sub=&leg_mandate=&descriptionOfContractRequiremen t=&compete_cat=&dollar_tot=&PIID=&detail=-1&datype=T&email= (Exhibit 31).
40

39

Loveless, Platts Inside Energy, March 6, 2006.

Mike Stuckey, Nuclear Power’s French Connection, MSNBC.com, January 25, 2007 (Exhibit 32).
42

41

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1(Exhibit 33).

6

of Energy about energy appropriations,43 nuclear issues, and to advocate for projects supportive of the nuclear energy sector.44 Energy Solutions International In April 2006, Mr. Abraham became an advisor to software provider Energy Solutions International.45 Energy Solutions develops and provides pipeline management software for oil and gas companies.46 Mr. Abraham’s job included working with “Energy Solutions’ executive management team and board of directors to increase awareness of the environmental impact of pipeline management, particularly leak detection and prevention.”47 Shortly after becoming advisor to Energy Solutions, the company had Mr. Abraham send a letter to “selected pipeline companies” stressing the importance of pipeline management and praising Energy Solutions’ work in that field.48 ICx Technologies ICx Technologies elected Mr. Abraham to its board of directors on August 14, 2006.49 ICx develops and manufactures sensors, surveillance products, and software for homeland and military security.50 Mr. Abraham was compensated an undisclosed amount and worked on committees determining the salaries of top ICx management and evaluating the corporate governance of the company.51 Since Mr. Abraham joined the board, ICx has won $758,550 in

Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough., Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Areva Enterprises, Inc., 2008 (Exhibit 34).
44

43

Areva-NC, Termination Report, Client: Areva-NC, 2006 (Exhibit 35).

Energy Solutions Brings in Former Energy Secretary as Advisor, Houston Business Journal, April 18, 2006 (Exhibit 36).
46

45

Id. Id. Energy Solutions, Pipeline Report Special Edition, July 2006 (Exhibit 37).

47

48

Press Release, Former Senator and Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham Joins Board of ICx Technologies, Market Wire, August 14, 2006 (Exhibit 38).
50

49

Id.

ICx Technologies, Compensation Committee Charter, ir.icxt.com.; ICx Technologies, Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee Charter, ir.icxt.com (Exhibit 39).

51

7

federal contracts from the U.S. government.52 Although ICx has employed lobbyists since Mr. Abraham served on the board,53 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the Energy Department.54 Other Ventures On June 7, 2008, Mr. Abraham announced he had purchased three minor league baseball teams as part of a Michigan-based investor group he heads.55 The three teams were the Myrtle Beach (S.C.) Pelicans, the Altoona (Pa.) Curve, and the State College (Pa.) Spikes.56 The Pelicans are affiliated with the Atlanta Braves, and the Curve and Spikes are affiliated with the Pittsburgh Pirates.57 On October 8, 2007, former Senator Fred Thompson chose Mr. Abraham to co-chair the national leadership team of his presidential campaign.58 Mr. Abraham donated $2,300 to the campaign in 2007.59

http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?reptype=r&detail=-1&sortby=f&datype=T& reptype=r&database=fpds&database=fpds&parent_id=152968&fiscal_year=2007&record_num= f500 (Exhibit 40). The PMA Group, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Icx Technologies, Inc., 2008 (Exhibit 41).
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52

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 42).

Former U.S. Secretary Buys Myrtle Beach Pelicans, Associated Press, June 8, 2007 (Exhibit 43).
56

55

Id. Id.

57

Press Release, Fred Thompson Announces National Campaign Leadership Team, States News Service, October 8, 2007 (Exhibit 44). Friends of Fred Thompson, FEC Form 3P, October Quarterly Report 2007, October 15, 2007 (Exhibit 45).
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John Ashcroft, Former Attorney General Attorney General John Ashcroft resigned from the Bush administration on November 9, 2004, a week after President George W. Bush won reelection.1 Mr. Ashcroft’s term was marked by his support of the USA Patriot Act and general support for measures that eased restrictions on electronic surveillance and lessened protections on civil liberties in the name of fighting terrorism.2 Mr. Ashcroft was criticized for politicizing terrorism cases.3 Political issues aside, Mr. Ashcroft was a central figure at the start of the “War on Terror” and the establishment of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS).4 Speaking Engagements, Authorship, Teaching Immediately after leaving the cabinet, Mr. Ashcroft reportedly made several speeches a month for $75,000 apiece.5 Since leaving the administration he also taught several classes at Regent School of Law,6 and authored a political memoir, Never Again.7 The Ashcroft Group In 2005, Mr. Ashcroft established a consulting and lobbying firm, the Ashcroft Group in 2005. Mr. Ashcroft partnered with a former Justice Department aide, David Ayers and hired another former aide Juleanna Glover Weiss when founding the firm.9
8

The creation of the Ashcroft Group, which specializes in homeland security contracting,

Andrew Zajac and William Neikirk, Attorney General, Commerce Secretary Resign From Bush’s Cabinet, Chicago Tribune, November 10, 2004 (Exhibit 1).
2

1

Id. Id.

3

Leslie Wayne, John Ashcroft Sets Up Shop As Well-Connected Lobbyist, New York Times, March 17, 2006 (Exhibit 2). Matt Stearns, Ashcroft Reaping Rewards of Private Sector, Charleston Gazette, January 22, 2006 (Exhibit 3).
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4

Id.; http://www.regent.edu/acad/schlaw/faculty_staff/ashcroft.cfm (Exhibit 4).

Elizabeth Gregory and Matthew Miller, Names for Sale, Forbes, November 13, 2006 (Exhibit 5). Deirdre Shasgreen, Ashcroft and Aides Form Consulting Firm, St. Louis Post Dispatch, May 2, 2005 (Exhibit 6).
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7

Id.

9

coincided with an increase in companies seeking to lobby the government on domestic security issues as well as the rise of the Department of Justice (DOJ) as a grantor of federal homeland security contracts.10 A website associated with the Ashcroft Group states that the company has been involved in $43 billion dollars worth of acquisition, antitrust and investment transactions.11 The Ashcroft Group’s lobbies and it enters into partnerships with other firms. Clients Represented by Mr. Ashcroft Mr. Ashcroft first personally registered to lobby on October 18, 2005.12 At the time Mr. Ashcroft was the first Bush cabinet official to register as a lobbyist and it is believed, the first former Attorney General to register to lobby.13 Oracle Corporation Mr. Ashcroft’s first client was Oracle Corporation,14 at the time the world’s largest software database company.15 At the time, Oracle was attempting to acquire another company and Mr. Ashcroft was hired to assist with regulatory hurdles.16 While at DOJ, Mr. Ashcroft had worked unsuccessfully to stop a previous Oracle acquisition on antitrust grounds.17 With Mr. Ashcroft advising the company, Oracle was able to complete the merger.18 DOJ Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust, Thomas Barnett, approved the deal. Mr. Barnett had been one of Mr. Ashcroft’s top lieutenants at DOJ.19 Even though Mr. Ashcroft was registered to lobby for Oracle generally, under federal restrictions he was not allowed to lobby DOJ. He did,
10

Wayne, New York Times, Mar. 17, 2006. http://www.ashcroftcea.com/FAQ.html (Exhibit 7). The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: Oracle Corporation, 2005 (Exhibit Wayne, New York Times, Mar. 17, 2006. The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: Oracle Corporation, 2005.

11

12

8).
13

14

Judy Sarasohn, Under Bush, The Revolving Door Gains Speed, Washington Post, October 27, 2005 (Exhibit 9).
16

15

Id.

Shawn Zeller, The Oracle Has Spoken, Congressional Quarterly Weekly, December 2, 2005 (Exhibit 10).
18

17

Id. Id.

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however, offer the company strategic advice.20 VeriSign In June 2006, Mr. Ashcroft registered to lobby for internet infrastructure company VeriSign.21 That year, VeriSign spent over $440,000 lobbying congress in an effort to lift price restrictions on the sale of internet dot-com addresses.22 The Ashcroft Group never registered to lobby DOJ on behalf of VeriSign,23 however an in-house lobbyist for the company did lobby DOJ in the first half of 2006.24 Nanodetex In early August 2006, Mr. Ashcroft registered to lobby for Nanodetex Corporation.25 Nanodetex makes technology that detects airborne pathogens and liquid explosives.26 An amendment to the lobbying registration, filed the same day as the original registration, removed Mr. Ashcroft from the list of lobbyists representing Nanodetex.27 According to documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records, Nanodetex has not retained any lobbyists who lobby DOJ.28

20

Zeller, Congressional Quarterly Weekly, Dec. 2, 2005.

http://www.verisign.com/corporate/index.html; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: VeriSign, Inc., 2006 (Exhibit 11). Ted Bridis, AP Enterprise: Lawmaker Helped Brother’s Lobbying Clients, Associated Press, August 17, 2006 (Exhibit 12).
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soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 13). VeriSign, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Self, 2006 (Exhibit 14). The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: Nanodetex, 2006 (Exhibit 15).

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25

Ellen Nakashima, Ashcroft Finds Private-Sector Niche, Washington Post, August 12, 2006 (Exhibit 16). The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration Amendment, Client: Nanodetex., 2006 (Exhibit 17).
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soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 18).

11

National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) In March 2007, Mr. Ashcroft registered to lobby for the National Association of Broadcasters.29 Over next year, the Ashcroft Group lobbied Congress30 and DOJ on antitrust issues for NAB.31 Specifically, Mr. Ashcroft worked to stop a merger between Sirius Radio and XM Radio.32 The Ashcroft Group was registered to lobby DOJ for NAB from the second half of 2007 through at least June 30, 2008, with Mr. Ashcroft personally lobbying the department through the first quarter of 2008.33 IntelSat On June 25, 2007, Mr. Ashcroft registered to lobby for IntelSat, a satellite technology firm,34 on “satellite technology.”35 IntelSat procured over $1 million dollars in federal contracts in Fiscal Year 2007.36 Forms did not indicate that Mr. Ashcroft, or any other lobbyist affiliated with IntelSat, had lobbied the Justice Department.37

The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: National Association of Broadcasters, 2007 (Exhibit 19). The Ashcroft Group, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: National Association of Broadcasters, 2007 (Exhibit 20). The Ashcroft Group, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: National Association of Broadcasters, 2007 (Exhibit 21). Jeffery H. Birnbaum, Lobbying Bill Sparks Populist Uprising - - On Both Sides, Washington Post, March 6, 2007 (Exhibit 22). The Ashcroft Group, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: National Association of Broadcasters, 2007; The Ashcroft Group, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: National Association of Broadcasters, 2008; The Ashcroft Group, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: National Association of Broadcasters, 2008 (Exhibit 23). http://www.intelsat.com/about-us/; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: IntelSat, 2007 (Exhibit 24).
35 36 34 33 32 31 30

29

The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: IntelSat, 2007 (Exhibit 25).

http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=intelsat+general+corporation+&x=0 &y=0&reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2007&detail=0&mustrn=y&datype=T&sortby=r (Exhibit 26).
37

soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 27).

12

Clients Represented by the Ashcroft Group but not by Mr. Ashcroft personally By the summer of 2006, the Ashcroft Group had signed at least 30 lobbying clients.38 The majority were companies involved in the growing homeland security industry,39 clients including Dulles Research, General Dynamics and DRS Technologies.40 The Ashcroft Group also lobbied for groups outside of the national security and homeland realm, including the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, eBay and the Council on State Taxation.41 AT&T The Ashcroft Group first filed to lobby for AT&T on May 8, 2006.42 At the time, AT&T was involved in the heated debate over telecom immunity for warrentless wiretapping.43 Mr. Ashcroft co-signed a letter with three colleagues to support the telecommunication industry’s position in favor of immunity for their participation in the wiretapping program.44 Nevertheless, Mr. Ashcroft never registered to lobby for AT&T.45 The Ashcroft Group has not registered to lobby DOJ for AT&T.46 Mittal Steel In June of 2006, The Ashcroft Group signed on to help Rotterdam and London-based Mittal Steel through what Mr. Ashcroft described as, “not a garden variety, run-of-the-mill business merger.”47 Part of the deal was thought to require Justice Department antitrust

38

Nakashima, Washington Post, Aug. 12, 2006. Id. Ashcroft’s Roster, Washington Post, August 12, 2006. Id. The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: AT&T, 2006 (Exhibit 28).

39

40

41

42

Michael Isikoff, An Ex-A.G. Avoids Caller ID, Newsweek, November 12, 2007 (Exhibit 29).
44

43

Id. soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 30). Id.

45

46

Heather Timmons, Ex-Attorney General of U.S. to Help Mittal, International Herald Tribune, June 10, 2006 (Exhibit 31).

47

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approval.48 The Ashcroft Group officially registered to lobby for Mittal on July 5, 2006.49 Though Mr. Ashcroft was not named as a lobbyist,50 and no one at his firm has reported lobbying DOJ for the company.51 eBay The Ashcroft Group signed on to lobby for eBay in 2006.52 At the time, eBay was embroiled in a lawsuit that had worked its way to the U.S. Supreme Court.53 eBay specifically hired Juleanna Glover Weiss, who handled Mr. Ashcroft’s communications when he served as a U.S. Senator, to help the company with communications related to the case and general patent issues.54 Ms. Weiss lobbied DOJ for eBay in the first half of 2006.55 Israel Aircraft Industries International In late 2005, the Ashcroft Group was hired by Israel Aircraft Industries International (IAI) to lobby on its behalf.56 IAI was attempting to re-sell American military technology in the form of a radar system to South Korea but needed approval from several U.S. government agencies.57 The Ashcroft Group represented IAI in front of the House of Representatives, Senate, State Department, Department of Commerce, Department of Transportation, DHS and the White

48

Id. The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: Mittal Steel, 2006 (Exhibit 32). The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: Mittal Steel, 2006. soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 33). The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: Ebay, 2006 (Exhibit 34).

49

50

51

52

Katie Hafner, Justices Will Hear Patent Case Against Ebay, New York Times, March 27, 2006 (Exhibit 35). Id.; Al Kamen, Couldn’t Have Said It Better Himself, Washington Post, May 2, 2005 (Exhibit 36).
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53

The Ashcroft Group, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Ebay, 2006 (Exhibit 37).

The Ashcroft Group, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Israel Aircraft Industries International, 2005 (Exhibit 38). Jonathan E. Kaplan, Ashcroft Helps Israelis on Korean Weapons Deal, The Hill, January 4, 2006 (Exhibit 39).
57

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House, but not the Justice Department.58 Other Companies The Ashcroft Group registered to lobby for Alanco Technologies, Appricity, Choicepoint, Exegy, LTU Technologies, Liberty Healthcare, and the Remi Group in front of DOJ. 59 The Ashcroft Group represented the Council on State Taxation, DRS Technologies, DSNR, General Dynamics Corporation, MLU, RJI Capital, SPADAC, Inc., and Trafficland, Inc., in front of other federal agencies.60 Partnerships Mr. Ashcroft or the Ashcroft Group have acquired equity stakes in numerous private companies, counting on a future gain should they go public.61 The Ashcroft Group is secretive about these deals but had equity stakes in at least eight companies by 2006.62 In certain circumstances, the Ashcroft Group also serves as the client company’s registered federal

The Ashcroft Group, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Israel Aircraft Industries International, 2005; The Ashcroft Group, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Israel Aircraft Industries International, 2006; soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 40). The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Alanco Technologies, 2007; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Alanco Technologies, 2006; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Apptricity, 2008; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Choicepoint, 2007; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Exegy Inc., 2007; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: LTU Technologies, 2005; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Liberty Healthcare, 2007; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: The Remi Group, 2008 (Exhibit 41). The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: Council on State Taxation, 2006; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: DRS Technologies, 2006; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: DSNR, 2006; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: General Dynamics Corporation, 2006; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: MLU Services, 2007; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: RJI Capital, 2007; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: SPADAC, Inc., 2008; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Trafficland, Inc., 2006 (Exhibit 42).
61 60 59

58

Wayne, New York Times, Mar. 17, 2006. Nakashima, Washington Post, Aug. 12, 2006.

62

15

lobbyist.63 Mr. Ashcroft has sometime taken a seat on the company’s board.64 The Ashcroft Group and its partner companies do not always announce their deals. The list that follows is a partial accounting of all the Ashcroft Group’s business dealings. Dulles Research In July of 2006, the Ashcroft Group announced it had acquired an equity position in Dulles Research, a homeland security and counter terrorism firm.65 Mr. Ashcroft also assumed a place on the company’s advisory board.66 In announcing the deal, Ashcroft Group officials praised technologies developed by Dulles and touted their application for businesses and governments.67 The Ashcroft Group had previously registered to lobby for Dulles before the Justice Department, but Mr. Ashcroft was not named as a lobbyist.68 BioSolutions In December of 2006, The Ashcroft Group teamed with biodiesel company, BioSolutions.69 Bio-Solutions hoped the deal would aid it in developing and marketing its products to government entities.70 Bio-Solutions does not appear to have secured any federal contracts since at least 2000 and does not appear to employ a registered federal lobbyist.71 The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: Ceelox, 2007; The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Dulles Research Group, 2006 (Exhibit 43). Michael Hinman, Ceelox gets Biometric Boost From Former Top Cop Ashcroft, Tampa Bay Business Journal, March 31, 2008 (Exhibit 44). Attorney General John D. Ashcroft Joins Dulles Research Advisory Board in Equity Transaction, Business Wire, July 27, 2006 (Exhibit 45).
66 65 64 63

Id. Id. The Ashcroft Group, Lobbying Report, Client: Dulles Research Group, 2006.

67

68

Bio-Solutions Manufacturing, Inc. Announces The Ashcroft Group Agreement, Market Wire, December 11, 2006 (Exhibit 46).
70 71

69

Id.

http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=Bio-Solutions&sortby=r&detail=0&

16

Ceelox Technology and security firm, Ceelox formed an alliance with the Ashcroft Group in June 2007.72 The agreement gave Mr. Ashcroft a seat on the company’s advisory board and the Ashcroft Group an equity stake.73 Neither firm, however, has released financial details.74 Ceelox hoped that Mr. Ashcroft would give the company “a degree of credibility” and “provide some introductions and entrees to larger companies and government agencies.”75 Ceelox retained the Ashcroft Group to lobby DOJ on homeland security risk assessment, but Mr. Ashcroft was not listed on registration forms.76 AshcroftCEA The Ashcroft Group and Communications Equity Associates, an investment bank and private equity firm focusing on global media and entertainment, created an alliance which birthed AshcroftCEA in late 2007.77 The new company, in which Mr. Ashcroft has an untitled “leadership” position,78 is essentially a strategic business consulting firm, focusing on global security issues.79 AshcroftCEA also attempted to gain a foothold in the growing homeland security market, planning to acquire a “platform company” that would seek out government contracts.80 AshcroftCEA has not yet announced the acquisition of a “platform company,” nor does it appear to have any federal contracts.81

datype=T&reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=&submit=GO (Exhibit 47).
72

Hinman, Tampa Bay Business Journal, Mar. 31, 2008. Hinman, Tampa Bay Business Journal, Mar. 31, 2008. Id. Id. The Ashcroft Group, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Ceelox, 2008 (Exhibit

73

74

75

76

48). The Ashcroft Group and Communications Equity Associates Announce Alliance, Business Wire, November 5, 2007 (Exhibit 49).
78 77

http://www.ashcroftcea.com/About.html (Exhibit 50). Business Wire, Nov. 4, 2007.

79

Kent Gibbons, Linda Moss and Todd Spangler, Through the Wire, Multichannel News, November 5, 2007 (Exhibit 51).
81

80

http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=AshcroftCEA&sortby=r&detail=0&

17

DOJ Contract In September 2007, five orthopedic companies avoided federal prosecution in a doctor kickback scheme by agreeing to a deal with U.S. Attorney Christopher Christie to adopt stricter business practices and undergo at least 18 months of federal monitoring.82 To monitor one of the companies in the settlement, Zimmer Holdings of Indiana, Mr. Christie selected his former boss, Mr. Ashcroft.83 The contract, which was not competitively awarded, stood to earn the Ashcroft Group up to $52 million over 18 months.84 At the time the contract was awarded, DOJ was greatly increasing the number of “deferred-prosecution” deals.85 Although such deals are usually secret, Zimmer Holdings decided to disclose the arrangement because of the large amount of money being exchanged.86 When details came to light the press attention prompted a review of how these deals are handled at the Justice Department.87 On March 12, 2008, the day before a congressional hearing was held the Justice Department released oversight requirements on U.S. Attorneys handing out such deals.88 At the hearing itself, Mr. Ashcroft was criticized for being party to what “appeared to be a backroom, sweetheart deal,” according to Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez.89

datype=T&reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=&submit=GO (Exhibit 52). Ed Ronco, Orthopedic Companies Settle Probe, South Bend Tribune, September 28, 2007 (Exhibit 53). Dan Eggen, Ashcroft Defends Contract for His Firm, Washington Post, March 12, 2008 (Exhibit 54).
84 83 82

Id.

Philip Shenon, Ashcroft Deal Brings Scrutiny in Justice Dept., New York Times, January 10, 2008 (Exhibit 55). John P. Martin and Jeff Whelan, $52M-Plus Payday For Christie’s Old Boss, StarLedger, November 20, 2007 (Exhibit 56).
87 86

85

Philip Shenon, New York Times, Jan. 10, 2008. Eggen, Washington Post, Mar. 12, 2008. Id.

88

89

18

Andrew Card, Former White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card was appointed to be President Bush’s Chief of Staff on November 26, 2000, and served in that capacity until April 14, 2006,1 resigning at a time when the president’s approval ratings were falling.2 After leaving office Mr. Card became a director for Union Pacific Railroad and a senior advisor with Fleishman-Hillard. Union Pacific Railroad On July 27, 2006, Union Pacific Railroad announced that Mr. Card had been elected to its Board of Directors.3 He sits on the Board’s Audit and Finance Committees.4 In the roughly two and-a-half years before Mr. Card joined Union Pacific, the company had not lobbied the White House,5 but after Mr. Card joined the company, it resumed lobbying the White House.6 Fleishman-Hillard In late 2007, Mr. Card joined Fleishman-Hillard as a senior counselor to serve on its international advisory board.7 Fleishman-Hillard provides strategic counsel to clients in addition to writing op-ed pieces, participating in meetings with clients and serving as guest speakers at client events.8

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/card-bio.html (Exhibit 1).

Andrew Miga, Card Has New Life After White House, Associated Press, April 16, 2007 (Exhibit 2). Press Release, Union Pacific Railroad, Union Pacific Corporation Elects Andrew Card as a Director, July 27, 2006 (Exhibit 3).
4 3

2

Union Pacific Railroad Annual Report 2007 (Exhibit 4).

Blank Rome Government Relations, Lobbying Report, Client: Union Pacific Railroad, Midyear 2006; Blank Rome Government Relations, Lobbying Report, Client: Union Pacific Railroad, Midyear 2007; Blank Rome Government Relations, Lobbying Report, Client: Union Pacific Railroad, First Quarter 2008; Blank Rome Government Relations, Lobbying Report, Client: Union Pacific Railroad, Second Quarter 2008; Blank Rome Government Relations, Lobbying Report, Client: Union Pacific Railroad, Third Quarter 2008 (Exhibit 5).
6

5

Id.

Ian Swanson, Former Bush Chief of Staff Card Joins Fleishman, The Hill, November 1, 2007 (Exhibit 6).
8

7

http://publicaffairs.fleishmanhillard.com/?page_id=10 (Exhibit 7).

19

While Fleishman-Hillard has employed lobbyists,9 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate it had registered to lobby the White House Office since Mr. Card joined the firm.10 Lecture Circuit Mr. Card is represented by the Washington Speaker’s Bureau.11 He is available to discuss the presidential election, the first hundred days of presidential administrations, geopolitics and the implications for businesses and investments around the world, leadership challenges, and managing amidst crises.12

Cornerstone Government Affairs, Lobbying Report, Client: Fleishman-Hillard, 2008 (Exhibit 8).
10

9

soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 9). http://www.washingtonspeakers.com/speakers/speaker.cfm?SpeakerId=5516 (Exhibit Id.

11

10).
12

20

Mitch Daniels, Former Director of the Office of Management and Budget Mitch Daniels served as Director of the Office of Management and Budget from January 23, 2001 until June 6, 2003.1 He left to run for the office of Governor of Indiana.2 Governorship Mr. Daniels is currently serving as Governor of Indiana.3

Mary Beth Schneider and Maureen Groppe, ‘The Blade’ Leaves Mark on Washington, Indianapolis Star, June 6, 2003 (Exhibit 1).
2

1

Id.

Mike Smith, New Debate Group Seeks 3 Governor’s Debates, Associated Press, July 28, 2008 (Exhibit 2).

3

21

Don Evans, Former Secretary of Commerce Don Evans served as Secretary of Commerce from January 20, 20011 to February 7, 2005.2 Mr. Evans was known as a low profile member of the cabinet who is one of President Bush’s closest friends.3 Bush Presidential Library Search Following President Bush’s reelection, Mr. Evans was picked to head the team tasked with finding a suitable location for the president’s library.4 In February 2008, Southern Methodist University was formally selected the location and Mr. Evans became the Chairman of the George W. Bush Presidential Library Foundation.5 Financial Services Forum Mr. Evans became the CEO of The Financial Service Forum, a “a non-partisan financial and economic policy organization,”6 on May 3, 2005.7 The Financial Service Forum is composed of the CEOs of large financial institutions,8 including the heads of Bank of America, AIG, Citi, and HSBC.9

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/print/evans-bio.html (Exhibit 1).

Former Kellogg Chief Sworn in as New Commerce Secretary, Associated Press, February 7, 2005 (Exhibit 2).
3

2

Id.

Warren Vieth and Edwin Chen, The Nation: Texas Has Big Plans For Bush Presidential Library, Los Angeles Times, June 9, 2005 (Exhibit 3). Paul Meyer, SMU Seals Bush Center University, Foundation Confirm Legacy Site After Lengthy Pursuit, Dallas Morning News, February 23, 2008 (Exhibit 4).
6 5

4

http://www.financialservicesforum.org/site/c.mtJ2J7MKIsE/b.1529717/k.7CAB/About_The_For um.htm (Exhibit 5). Press Release, Former Commerce Secretary Evans to Lead Financial Services Forum; Organization to Introduce New Leadership Structure, Business Wire, May 3, 2005 (Exhibit 6).
8 7

http://www.financialservicesforum.org/site/c.mtJ2J7MKIsE/b.1529717/k.7CAB/About_The_For um.htm
9

http://www.financialservicesforum.org/site/c.mtJ2J7MKIsE/b.1534151/k.8707/Forum_Members .htm (Exhibit 7).

22

While at the Forum, Mr. Evans worked to further the organization’s stated goal of ensuring open and competitive financial markets.10 He met with elected officials, academics and members of the Bush administration to discuss competition11 and he advocated for lower taxes on working Americans.12 Overseas, Mr. Evans worked to try and open up Chinese financial markets for foreign investment.13 Although the Forum employed lobbyists, Mr. Evans was not registered to lobby.14 Mr. Evans left the Forum on January 11, 2008 to spend time with his family and to pursue business opportunities in Texas.15 Before Mr. Evans became CEO of The Financial Services Forum, the organization had not lobbied the Department of Commerce.16 Only after the former-Secretary joined the organization, did it lobby Mr. Evans’ former agency.17 President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board On October 27, 2005, President Bush announced his intention to appoint Mr. Evans to a two-year term on the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.18 As a member of the board, Mr. Evans had access to intelligence and advised the President on a variety of intelligence
10

http://www.financialservicesforum.org/site/c.mtJ2J7MKIsE/b.1529717/k.7CAB/About_The_For um.htm Paul Bedard, GOP Senators Huddle on Foreign Competition, USNews.com (US News and World Reports), May 21, 2007 (Exhibit 8). Top Financial Service Companies Favor Tax Reductions for US Workers, AFX International Focus, June 26, 2007 (Exhibit 9). Ariana Eunjung Cha, As China Opens, U.S. Lobbyists Get Ready to Move In, Washington Post, October 2, 2007 (Exhibit 10).
14 13 12 11

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=submitSearchRequest (Exhibit 11).

Press Release, The Financial Services Forum, Don Evans Departs as CEO; Rob Nichols Serves as President and COO, January, 11, 2008 (Exhibit 12).
16

15

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=submitSearchRequest (Exhibit 13).

Id.; Financial Services Forum, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Financial Services Forum, 2006; Financial Services Forum, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Financial Services Forum, 2007; Financial Services Forum, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Financial Services Forum, 2007 (Exhibit 14).
18

17

Press Release, The White House, Personnel Announcement, October 27, 2005 (Exhibit

15).

23

related issues.19 TXU Energy and Energy Future Holdings On May 31, 2007, it was announced that Mr. Evans would become the Non-Executive Chairman of Dallas-based electric utility TXU Energy.20 He is also considered the NonExecutive Chairman of Energy Future Holdings, a holding company that owns TXU.21 The company is the largest non-regulated retail electric provider in Texas.22 It has more than 2 million customers, using nuclear and fossil fuel plants to generate power.23 While TXU and Energy Future Holdings have employed lobbyists,24 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the political appointees at the Department of Commerce since Mr. Evans joined the company.25

19

www.whitehouse.gov/piab (Exhibit 16).

Press Release, TXU Corp., Former U.S. Commerce Secretary Donald L. Evans Will Serve as Non-Executive Chairman of New TXU, May 31, 2007 (Exhibit 17).
21

20

Id.; www.energyfutureholdings.com/about/bod.aspx (Exhibit 18).

http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=11464 (Exhibit 19).
23

22

Id.

Mark Malone, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Energy Future Holdings formerly known as TXU Corp., 2008 (Exhibit 20).
25

24

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=submitSearchRequest (Exhibit 21).

24

Alberto Gonzales, Former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales served as the Attorney General from February 3, 20051 until September 17, 2007.2 His tenure was steeped in controversy and he left following the scandal resulting from his role in the dismissal of nine U.S. Attorneys.3 Speaking Engagements Mr. Gonzales charges fees for speaking to colleges and private business groups.4 Colleges including Washington University in St. Louis, Ohio State University and the University of Florida have paid him around $30,000 plus expenses for appearances.5 Patent Case On June 6, 2008, it was announced the Mr. Gonzales would assist former U.S. District Judge Layn R. Phillips on a patent case.6 The Reagan-appointed judge was overseeing settlement talks between DataTreasury Corp. and banks such as Wells Fargo & Co., Citibank and Bank of America Corp.7 DataTreasury alleges the banks have been violating its patents for taking and transmitting digital images of checks.8

The Senate’s 60-36 Vote to Confirm Gonzales as Attorney General, Associated Press, February 3, 2005 (Exhibit 1). Steven Lee Myers and Philip Shenon, Embattled Attorney General Resigns, New York Times, August 27, 2007 (Exhibit 2).
3 2

1

Id.

Neil A. Lewis, In Searching for New Job, Gonzales Sees No Takers, New York Times, April 13, 2008 (Exhibit 3).
5

4

Id.

Susan Decker, Alberto Gonzales to Help ‘Special Master’ on Check Patent Case, Bloomberg, June 6, 2008 (Exhibit 4).
7

6

Id. Id.

8

25

Alphonso Jackson, Former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Alphonso Jackson was Secretary of Housing and Urban Development from March 31, 2004 until April 18, 2008.2 Mr. Jackson resigned because of a federal probe into whether he steered government business to friends.3
1

CREW was unable to find information regarding Mr. Jackson’s employment after leaving office.

1

http://www.hud.gov/about/secretary/jacksonbio.cfm (Exhibit 1).

Dan Eggen and Carol D. Leonnig, Jackson Resigns as HUD Secretary, Washington Post, April 1, 2008 (Exhibit 2).
3

2

Id.

26

Mike Johanns, Former Secretary of Agriculture Mike Johanns served as Secretary of Agriculture from January 21, 20051 until September 20, 2007.2 He left amidst negotiations on the farm bill to campaign for U.S. Senate.3 United States Senate On November 4, 2008, Mr. Johanns was elected to the U.S. Senate from the State of Nebraska.4

Jake Thompson, Bush Pleased to Have Johanns on His Team, Omaha World-Herald, January 22, 2005 (Exhibit 1). Mary Clare Jalonick, Agriculture Secretary Johanns Leaving, Associated Press, September 20, 2007 (Exhibit 2).
3 2

1

Id.

Charles Abbott, Mike Johanns, Once USDA Chief, Now Senator, Reuters, November 5, 2008 (Exhibit 3).

4

27

Mel Martinez, Former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Mel Martinez served as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development from January 24, 2001 until December 12, 2003.2 He resigned to campaign for U.S. Senate.3
1

United States Senate In 2004, Mr. Martinez was elected to the U.S. Senate from the state of Florida.4 In January 2007, he was picked by President Bush to become chairman of the Republican National Committee.5 He resigned from that post less than ten months later.6 Senator Martinez has announced he will not run for re-election in 2010.7

Martinez Takes Place on Cabinet After Ceremony, Orlando Sentinel, January 25, 2001 (Exhibit 1). Tamara Lytle, Senate Race May Focus on Martinez’s Record, Orlando Sentinel, December 11, 2003 (Exhibit 2). Bill Adair and Steve Bousquet, Martinez Quits Cabinet, is Poised For Senate Run, St. Peterburg Times, December 10, 2003 (Exhibit 3).
4 3 2

1

OF AMERICAN POLITICS 389
5

Michael Barone and Richard E. Cohen, Mel Martinez, NATIONAL JOURNAL’S ALMANAC (2008) (Exhibit 4).

Eun Kyung Kim, Sen. Martinez Quits as RNC Chairman, USA Today, October 19, 2007 (Exhibit 5).
6

Id.

Aaron Blake, Sen. Martinez Won’t Run for Re-election in 2010, The Hill, December 2, 2008 (Exhibit 6).

7

28

Norm Mineta, Former Secretary of Transportation Norm Mineta served as Secretary of Transportation from January 25, 2001 to July 7, 2006. Mr. Mineta’s led the agency through the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on September. 11, 2001 and created the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).2
1

Hill and Knowlton, Inc. On July 24, 2006, two weeks after leaving his cabinet position, Mr. Mineta joined the public relations and lobbying firm of Hill & Knowlton, Inc.3 As vice chairman, Mr. Mineta’s job is to “provide counsel and strategic advice” on business and political issues for the firm’s clients.4 On behalf of Hill & Knowlton, Mr. Mineta lobbied for the European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company North America, Inc. (EADS).5 Forms filed with the Senate Office of Public Records show the former transportation secretary registered to lobby for the defense contractor6 just one week after it had replaced Boeing on a $35 billion contract to update the Air Force’s aerial refueling tanker fleet.7 EADS replacement of Boeing sparked outrage among those on the Hill opposed to a foreign firm holding the contract.8 According to lobbying forms, Mr. Mineta was specifically assigned to lobby on Air Force tanker procurement for EADS.9 On June 18, 2008, the Government Accountability Office dealt EADS a blow by upholding a Boeing

1

Transportation Secretary Mineta Resigns, CNN, June 23, 2006 (Exhibit 1).

Matthew Wald, Transportation Chief Quits, Citing ‘Other Challenges’, New York Times, June 24, 2006 (Exhibit 2). Mineta Joins Public Relations Firm, Journal of Commerce Online, July 11, 2006 (Exhibit 3).
4 3

2

www.hillandknowlton.com/about/team/mineta (Exhibit 4).

Hill & Knowlton, Inc., Lobbying Registration, Client: EADS North America, Inc., 2008 (Exhibit 5).
6

5

Id.

Stewart Powell, Eric Rosenberg, Craig Harris and James Wallace, Tanker Deal: Air Force Goes With Northrup/EADS, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, March 1, 2008 (Exhibit 6). Andrea Shalal-Esa, Northrup, EADS Tanker Win Sparks Controversy in U.S., Reuters, March 2, 2008 (Exhibit 7).
9 8

7

Hill & Knowlton, Inc., Lobbying Registration, Client: EADS North America, Inc.,

2008.

29

complaint against the contract process and suggesting the Air Force reopen the bidding.10 AECOM Technology Corporation Capitalizing on his experience at the Department of Transportation, Mr. Mineta became an independent director on AECOM Technology Corporation’s board on June 11, 2007.11 The company “provides planning, consulting, and construction management services for civil and infrastructure construction” on airports and highways.12 As a member of the Board of Directors, Mr. Mineta helps monitor overall corporate performance and establish the strategic direction of the company.13 Carolina Linkages In August 2006, Mr. Mineta joined the advisory board of the transportation and logistics company, Carolina Linkages.14 At the time the company was planning a barge and rail link from the Port of Charleston in South Carolina to an new inland facility.15 United States Investigations Services Information and security services company Unites States Investigations Services (USIS) elected Mr. Mineta to it’s board of directors on November 16, 2007.16 It is the largest provider of security investigations for federal government.17

Les Blumenthal and David Montgomery, Errors Found in Tanker Contract, Belleville News-Democrat, June 19, 2008 (Exhibit 8). Press Release, AECOM Technology Corporation, Norman Mineta, Former U.S. Secretary of Transportation and Former U.S. Secretary of Commerce, Joins AECOM Board of Directors, Business Wire, June 11, 2007 (Exhibit 9). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=47621 (Exhibit 10). AECOM Technology Corporation, Corporate Governance Guidelines, March 1, 2007 (Exhibit 11). Press Release, Hill & Knowlton, Inc., U.S. Secretary Norman Mineta Joins Advisory Board of Carolinks, Business Wire, August 9, 2006 (Exhibit 12).
15 14 13 12 11

10

Id.

Press Release, United States Investigative Services, US Investigations Services, Inc. (USIS) Appoints New Directors With Significant Government and Business Experience, November 16, 2007 (Exhibit 13).
17

16

Id.

30

Horizon Lines On January 1, 2008, Mr. Mineta joined the board of directors of shipping company Horizon Lines.18 The company “transports cargo such as building materials, consumer goods, and food to and from the continental US and Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and Puerto Rico.”19 While Mr. Mineta was at Horizon Lines, the company continued to lobby the Department of Transportation.20 According to lobbying disclosure forms, since Mr. Mineta joined Horizon Lines, the company has registered to lobby the Department of Transportation on “vessel speed limits.”21 Credit Suisse On April 29, 2008, Mr. Mineta was named senior advisor to Credit Suisse, a Switzerlandbased bank dealing in asset management and investment banking.22 As senior advisor, Mr. Mineta works closely with Markus Pressdee, head of infrastructure in the Investment Banking Department, advising clients on infrastructure and transportation projects and transactions.23 While Credit Suisse has employed lobbyists,24 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any had registered to lobby political appointees at the Department of Transportation since Mr. Mineta joined the company.25

18

Mineta to Horizon Board, Journal of Commerce Online, December 21, 2006 (Exhibit

14). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=109145 (Exhibit 15).
20 19

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 16).

Quadripoint Strategies LLC, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Horizon Lines, 2008 (Exhibit 17). Press Release, Credit Suisse, Secretary Norman Y. Mineta Joins Credit Suisse as Senior Advisor, Business Wire, April 29, 2008 (Exhibit 18).
23 22

21

Id.

Mehlman, Vogel, Castagnetti, Inc,. Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Credit Suisse, 2008 (Exhibit 19).
25

24

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=submitSearchRequest (Exhibit 20).

31

SJW Corporation SJW Corporation announced Mr. Mineta joined the board of directors as an independent director on April 30, 2008.26 SJW supplies water to about 1 million people in San Jose and other cities in California’s Santa Clara County it also contracts to operate municipal water systems.27 As an independent director, Mr. Mineta helped direct company decisions and is compensated for his work.28

Press Release, San Jose Water Corporation, Norman Y. Mineta Joins SJW Corp.’s Board of Directors, Business Wire, April 30, 2008 (Exhibit 21). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=12296 (Exhibit 22). SJW Corp., Amended and Restated Corporate Governance Policies, January 30, 2008 (Exhibit 23).
28 27

26

32

Jim Nicholson, Former Secretary of Veterans Affairs Jim Nicholson served as Secretary Veterans Affairs from January 26, 20051 until October 1, 2007.2 He resigned seven months after the Washington Post revealed wounded soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan were being neglected by Walter Reed Army Medical Center.3 Mr. Nicholson’s tenure was also marked by the largest data breach in the federal government's history.4 Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck, LLP On February 1, 2008, four months after leaving the Bush administration, Mr. Nicholson joined the Denver-based law firm Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck, LLP as senior counsel.5 His areas of focus include: public policy, health care, international law, state and federal regulatory law, real estate, oil and gas, and alternative energy.6 He is also involved in client development.7 While Brownstien Hyatt has employed lobbyists,8 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the Department of Veterans Affairs since Mr. Nicholson was hired.9 Federated Investors, Inc. On January 1, 2008, Mr. Nicholson was added to the board of trustees for the Federated Premier Municipal Income Fund (NYSE: FMN) and the Federated Premier Intermediate Municipal Income Fund (NYSE: FPT), both investment funds managed by Federated Investors,

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/print/nicholson-bio.html (Exhibit 1).

Christopher Lee, VA Secretary is Ending a Trying Tenure, Washington Post, July 18, 2007 (Exhibit 2). Id.; Dana Priest and Anne Hull, Soldiers Face Neglect, Frustration At Army’s Top Medical Facility, Washington Post, February 18, 2007 (Exhibit 3).
4 3

2

Lee, Washington Post, Jul. 18, 2007.

Mark Harden, Brownstein Law Firm the Next Chapter for Accomplished Nicholson, Denver Business Journal, March 17, 2008 (Exhibit 4). John Rebchook, Ex-VA Head Nicholson Joins Denver Law Firm, Rocky Mountain News (Denver), January 17, 2008 (Exhibit 5).
7 6

5

Id.

Brownstien Hyatt Farber Schreck, LLP, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Ticketmaster, 2008 (Exhibit 6).
9

8

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 7). 33

Inc.10 Federated Investors “provides investment advisory and administrative services to nearly 150 mutual funds and to separate accounts.”11 During the first three quarters of 2008, FMN lost 24% of its value,12 while FPT’s price fell 15%.13 While Federated Investors has employed lobbyists,14 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any had registered to lobby the Department of Veterans Affairs.15

Press Release, Federated Investors, Inc. Adds New Member to Board of Trustees for Closed-End Municipal Funds, PR Newswire, February 14, 2008 (Exhibit 8). Ryan Caione, Federated Investors, Inc., Hoover’s Company Records, www.hoovers.com (Exhibit 9).
12 11

10

http://finance.google.com/finance?q=NYSE:FPT (Exhibit 10). http://finance.google.com/finance?q=NYSE:FMN (Exhibit 11).

13

Bryan Cave LLP, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Federated Investors, 2008 (Exhibit 12).
15

14

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 13). 34

Gale Norton, Former Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton served as Secretary of the Interior from January 31, 20011 to March 31, 2006.2 Ms. Norton won praise from the business community but was condemned by environmentalists for her policies, which included aggressively promoting greater domestic oil and gas drilling on federal lands.3 She resigned amid a federal investigation into her former deputy’s ties to Jack Abramoff and the disgraced lobbyist’s ties to a non-profit funded by Ms. Norton.4 Royal Dutch Shell Nine months after Ms. Norton resigned her post at the Interior Department, she joined a division of energy company, Royal Dutch Shell as general counsel.5 Ms. Norton is responsible for providing and coordinating legal services for Shell’s unconventional-resources unit, a division that develops and tests shale oil technologies on federal land.6 The technology designed to extract oil from shale,7 requires multiple environmental permits to begin commercial production.8 On December 15, 2006, Shell and two other oil companies received 10-year leases from the Interior Department to test their shale oil technology on federal lands in Colorado.9

Bill McAllister, Norton Off to Hectic Start on First Day, Denver Post, February 1, 2001 (Exhibit 1). Ex-Interior secretary Norton to Join Shell as Counsel Amid Increasing Scrutiny of Oil Deals, Associated Press, December 27, 2006 (Exhibit 2). Juliet Eilperin, Norton to End 5-Year Tenure at Interior, Washington Post, March 11, 2006; Steve McMillan, Norton Will Join Royal Dutch Shell, Denver Post, December 28, 2006 (Exhibit 3).
4 3 2

1

Eilperin, Washington Post, Mar. 11, 2006. McMillan, Denver Post, Dec. 28, 2006. Id.

5

6

Joe Carroll, Shale Oil’s Time May Have Arrived, Houston Chronicle, June 3, 2007 (Exhibit 4). Gargi Chakrabarty, Norton Joins Shell, Will Work in Denver, Rocky Mountain News (Denver), December 28, 2006 (Exhibit 5). Feds Grant Leases for Experiments in Extracting Shale Oil in Colorado, Associated Press, December 16, 2006 (Exhibit 6).
9 8

7

35

While Ms. Norton was at Shell, the company continued to lobby the Department of Interior.10 According to lobbying disclosure reports, since Ms. Norton joined Shell, the company has registered to lobby the Department of the Interior on a host of energy and environmental issues, including shale oil.11

10

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1(Exhibit 7).

Shell Oil Company, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Shell Oil Company, 2008 (Exhibit 8).

11

36

Paul O’Neill, Former Secretary of the Treasury Paul O’Neill served as Secretary of the Treasury from January 30, 20011 until December 31, 2002.2 The former Secretary often clashed with the White House and congressional Republicans by publicly opposing some of President Bush’s tax cuts.3 Mr. O’Neill was told to resign by Vice President Dick Cheney as part of a 2002 shake-up of the president’s economic team.4 Healthcare Since leaving the Bush administration, Mr. O’Neill has used his influence to bring the financial power of former business associates to bear on causes he champions, especially health care.5 The former secretary first worked on healthcare while serving Presidents Johnson, Nixon and Ford.6 Prior to joining the Bush cabinet, Mr. O’Neill had worked on reducing medical error and shifting the monetary incentives of healthcare.7 RAND Corporation Mr. O’Neill returned to the board of trustees of the RAND Corporation on January 27, 2003. He had previously served on the board from 1988 to 2001, including a stint as chairman.9 RAND is a leading think tank offering research and analysis in areas such as education, national
8

O’Neill Sworn in as Treasury Secretary, White House Bulletin, January 30, 2001 (Exhibit 1).
2

1

O’Neill’s Last Day Set for Dec. 31, Associated Press, December 18, 2002 (Exhibit 2).

Laurence O’Rourke, Bush’s Economic Advisers Quit, News and Observer (Raleigh), December 7, 2002 (Exhibit 3).
4

3

Id.

Andrea Gerlin, Serious Mistakes Common Across U.S., Doctors Say, Saint Paul Pioneer Press, September 27, 1999 (Exhibit 4).
6

5

Id.

Douglas Heuck, Roundtable Discussion; Five Health Care Experts Debate How to Improve the System in Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 28, 1999; Centrist Health Reform, Los Angeles Times, December 20, 2000; Pamela Gaynor, Big Changes Bubbling in Effort to Rein in Health Costs, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 9, 2000 (Exhibit 5).
8

7

O’Neill Rejoining RAND Board, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 28, 2003 (Exhibit 6). Id.

9

37

security, science and technology10 and has served a variety of clients, including the Department of the Treasury.11 RAND also provides healthcare research.12 In 2006, RAND published “The First National Report Card on Quality of Health Care in America,” which concluded that regardless of race, gender, or financial status, everyone in the U.S. was at risk of receiving about half of their recommended health care.13 The report echoed calls for large-scale, system-wide changes previously championed by Mr. O’Neill.14 While RAND has employed lobbyists,15 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the treasury department.16 Pittsburgh Healthcare In February 2003, Mr. O’Neill joined the board of directors of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC),17 the region’s largest healthcare provider.18 On October 28th, he rejoined the Pittsburgh Regional Healthcare Initiative (PRHI),19 a local consortium of medical, business and civic leaders dedicated to improving healthcare

http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=47675 (Exhibit 7).
11

10

http://www.rand.org/about/clients_grantors.htm (Exhibit 8). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=47675 http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/2006/RAND_RB9053-2.pdf (Exhibit 9).

12

13

Rick Stouffer, O’Neill Targets Medication Errors, Hospital Infections, Pittsburgh Tribune Review, May 26, 2006 (Exhibit 10). Mr. Carl Bayer, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Rand Corporation, 2008 (Exhibit 11).
16 15

14

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 12).

Press Release, University of Pittsburgh, Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Paul O’Neill Will Deliver University of Pittsburgh’s 2003 Commencement Address April 27, AScribe Newswire, April 24, 2003 (Exhibit 13). Pamela Gaynor, O’Neill Criticizes UMPC as He Quits Its Board, Pittsburgh PostGazette, December 9, 2004 (Exhibit 14). O’Neill to Lead Healthcare Initiative, Pittsburgh Business Times, October 28, 2003 (Exhibit 15).
19 18

17

38

quality and safety,20 which he had co-founded in 1997.21 Returning as CEO of PRHI,22 he pushed for UPMC to adopt a plan to identify medication errors caused by illegible handwriting.23 In September 2004, after UPMC refused to implement the plan, Mr. O’Neill resigned from its board.24 “The fact that the leading academic medical center in this part of the world wouldn’t make a public declaration that it was going to identify medication errors... makes it difficult to say that the Pittsburgh Regional Healthcare Initiative is really regional,” O'Neill said.25 While UPMC did employ lobbyists while Mr. O’Neill served on its Board,26 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the Treasury Department.27 Value Capture In late 2004, Mr. O’Neill resigned as CEO of PRHI.28 That same month, the former treasury secretary turned to the private sector to advocate for health care, founding the for-profit company Value Capture.29 According to Mr. O’Neill, the company works with hospitals to eliminate in-hospital infections and to eliminate medication errors.30 The decision to start the company grew out of his frustration with the lackluster support his ideas were receiving at UPMC.31
20

http://www.prhi.org/about_mission.php (Exhibit 16). Pittsburgh Business Times, Oct. 28, 2003. Id. Stouffer, Pittsburgh Tribune Review, May 26, 2006. Gaynor, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Dec. 9, 2004. Id.

21

22

23

24

25

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Year-End Report, Client: University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 2004 (Exhibit 17).
27

26

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 18). Stouffer, Pittsburgh Tribune Review, May 26, 2006. Id. Id.

28

29

30

Christopher Snowbeck, O’Neill Plans Hospital Consulting Venture, Pittsburgh PostGazette, February 24, 2005 (Exhibit 19).

31

39

Mr. O’Neill served as the non-executive chairman of the company and his son, Paul, Jr., is the managing director.32 The firm’s first client was Wellmont Health System in Kingsport, Tennessee.33 Currently, the only clients listed on the company’s website are New England Baptist Hospital and University of Pennsylvania Health System.34 National Quality Forum Mr. O’Neill serves on the board of the National Quality Forum (NQF).35 NQF is a nonprofit membership organization working on health care quality measurement and reporting.36 Eastman Kodak Mr. O’Neill rejoined the Eastman Kodak board of directors on February 18, 2003,37 a position he held before he became the Secretary of the Treasury.38 According to Kodak corporate governance policies, directors “actively oversee the effectiveness of management’s policies and decisions, including the execution of its strategies, towards the goal of maximizing the Company’s long-term value for the benefit of its shareholders.”39 In compensation, directors receive $80,000 a year plus stock options and a life insurance policy that can be worth up to $100,000.40 Since Mr. O’Neill rejoined Kodak’s board, the company has continued to lobby the

32

Stouffer, Pittsburgh Tribune Review, May 26, 2006. Id. http://www.valuecapturellc.com/about.html (Exhibit 20). Id. http://www.qualityforum.org/about/ (Exhibit 21).

33

34

35

36

Press Release, Eastman Kodak, Kodak Board Elects Paul O’Neill and William Hernandez to Board of Directors, Business Wire, February 21, 2003 (Exhibit 22).
38 39

37

Id.

http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/11/115911/reports/10_16_07_Governance_Guideli nes.pdf (Exhibit 23).
40

http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/11/115911/corp_gov/DIRECTOR_COMPENSATI ON_Principles.pdf (Exhibit 24).

40

Department of the Treasury.41 According to lobbying disclosure forms, since Mr. O’Neill joined Kodak, the company has registered to lobby the Department of the Treasury about international trade agreements.42 The Blackstone Group Capitalizing on his experience at the Department of the Treasury, Mr. O’Neill joined the Blackstone Group on March 10, 2003 as a special advisor and advisory board member.43 Blackstone is a major private equity and investment firm that made more than $3 billion in sales in 2007 and owns stakes in more than forty companies.44 As a senior advisor, Mr. O’Neill has been “advising the firm’s private equity funds’ portfolio companies on operational and related issues, and assisting the firm in analyzing potential private equity investment opportunities.”45 Before Mr. O’Neill joined Blackstone, the company had not lobbied the Department of the Treasury.46 Only after the former-Secretary joined the organization, did it lobby the agency.47 According to lobbying disclosure forms, since Mr. O’Neill joined Blackstone, the company has registered to lobby the Department of the Treasury about private equity, taxes, pensions, the 2008 economic stimulus package, government appropriations and renewable energy.48

TRW Automotive On August 1, 2003, Mr. O’Neill joined the board of directors of automotive supply

41

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 25).

Eastman Kodak Company, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Easkman Kodak Company, 2003; Eastman Kodak Company, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Easkman Kodak Company, 2007 (Exhibit 26). Press Release, The Blackstone Group, Paul O’Neill Becomes Special Advisor to Blackstone, March 10, 2003 (Exhibit 27). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=43093 (Exhibit 28).
45 44 43

42

Press Release, The Blackstone Group, Mar. 10, 2003. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 29). Id.

46

47

Ogilvy Government Relations, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Blackstone Group, 2007; Ogilvy Government Relations, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Blackstone Group, 2008 (Exhibit 30).

48

41

company TRW Automotive.49 TRW provides car parts such as brake, steering, suspension, and security systems for companies such as Ford, Volkswagen, and General Motors.50 The Blackstone Group bought TRW in 2003 and held 46 percent stake in the company in 2007.51 While TRW has employed lobbyists,52 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the Treasury Department since Mr. O’Neill joined the company.53 Qcept Technologies In May 2004, Qcept Technologies announced Mr. O’Neill had joined its board of directors.54 The company sells tools that examine semiconductors for non-visual defects such as chemical contamination and micro-scratches.55 Mr. O’Neill joined the board after he personally invested in the company.56 Since then, Qcept has continued to raise money through venture capital investments to meet the growing demand for non-visual defect detection instruments.57

Celanese Corporation

Press Release, TRW Automotive, Paul O’Neill Joins TRW Automotive Board of Directors, August 1, 2003 (Exhibit 31). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=106099 (Exhibit 32).
51 50

49

Auto Headlines, Detroit Free Press, January 11, 2008 (Exhibit 33).

Nelson, Mullins, Riley & Scarborough, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: TRW Automotive, 2008 (Exhibit 34).
53

52

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 35).

Press Release, Qcept Technologies, Inc., Qcept Technologies Closes $4 Million Funding Round, Business Wire, May 3, 2004 (Exhibit 36). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=137126 (Exhibit 37). Press Release, Qcept Technologies, Inc., Qcept Technologies Closes $4 Million Funding Round, Business Wire, May 3, 2004. Press Release, Qcept Technologies, Inc., Qcept Technologies Secures $9.5 Million in Series C Funding, March 3, 2008 (Exhibit 38).
57 56 55

54

42

In early 2004, the Blackstone Group bought the German chemicals group Celanese.58 Celanese manufactures building block chemicals such as acetic acid “used in everything from paints to inks to agricultural products and chewing gum.”59 At the time, it was the country’s largest-ever public-to-private buyout at $3.8 billion.60 Mr. O’Neill joined the board of directors of Celanese Corporation in December 2004.61 As a board member, Mr. O’Neill reviews and approves the corporate philosophy, mission, strategic and business plans, and ethical guidelines.62 Directors are compensated $85,000 annually.63 While Celanese has employed lobbyists,64 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the Treasury Department since Mr. O’Neill joined the company.65 Nalco Holding Corporation Mr. O’Neill joined the board of another Blackstone investment, the water-treatment company, Nalco Holding Corporation, in 2005.66 Blackstone, along with two other companies, bought Nalco in September 2003,67 then raked in a 160% gain on its investment after publicly selling Nalco shares over the next four years.68 Mr. O’Neill joined the Nalco board as the
58

Andrew Bulkeley, Blackstone Clinches Celanese, Daily Deal, April 1, 2004 (Exhibit

39). http://cobrands.hoovers.com/global/cobrands/proquest/factsheet.xhtml?ID=136265 (Exhibit 40).
60 59

Bulkeley, Daily Deal, Apr. 1, 2004. http://www.celanese.com/celanese_bod_bios_june_07.pdf (Exhibit 41). Celeanese Corporation, Corporate Governance Guidelines, April 24, 2008 (Exhibit 42). Id. Celanese, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Celanese, 2008 (Exhibit 43). http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 44).

61

62

63

64

65

Press Release, Nalco Company, Pricing of Secondary Stock Offering Set for Nalco Holding Company, Board Changes Announced, Business Wire, August 11, 2005 (Exhibit 45). Press Release, SUEZ, SUEZ Agrees to Sale of Nalco for USD 4.350 Billion, PR Newswire, September 4, 2003 (Exhibit 46).
68 67

66

David Carey, Backers to Bid Adieu to Nalco, Daily Deal, February 13, 2007 (Exhibit

47).

43

partnership was selling much of its interest in the water-treatment company.69 He resigned from the board on January 4, 2008.70 While Nalco has employed lobbyists,71 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the Treasury Department since Mr. O’Neill joined the company.72 The Price of Loyalty Mr. O’Neill made headlines in January 2004, following the release of The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of Paul O’Neill by former Wall Street reporter Ron Suskind.73 In the book, Mr. O’Neill describes President Bush as “a blind man in a roomful of deaf people.”74 He also alleged the President was eager to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq from the first days of the administration.75 Mr. O’Neill requested and received over 19,000 treasury documents after his resignation from the Treasury,76 which he turned over to Mr. Suskind as research for his book.77 The Treasury Department’s inspector general’s office launched an investigation following the book’s release, examining whether Mr. O’Neill broke the law by releasing classified treasury documents.78 Results of the investigation released in March 2004 found 140 of the 19,000 documents had not been marked classified, even though they contained national security or sensitive information.79 No federal laws had been broken but the treasury determined it needed to
69

Business Wire, Aug. 11, 2005.

Nalco Holding Company, Definitive Proxy Statement DEF 14A SEC Report, March 14, 2008 (Exhibit 48).
71

70

Nalco, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Nalco, 2007 (Exhibit 49). http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 50).

72

Warren Vieth, White House Responds to O’Neill’s Criticisms, Los Angeles Times, January 13, 2004 (Exhibit 51).
74

73

Id. Id.

75

Michael Janofsky, Treasury is Faulted for Papers’ Release, New York Times, March 23, 2004 (Exhibit 52).
77

76

Vieth, Los Angeles Times, Jan. 13, 2004. Id. Janofsky, New York Times, Mar. 23, 2004.

78

79

44

improve the way it handled sensitive documents.80 Gilda’s Club Using the popularity of the book, Mr. O’Neill helped raise money for the Gilda’s Club of Western Pennsylvania, a branch of the cancer support center named after comedian Gilda Ratner who died of ovarian cancer in 1989.81 The “Conversations with Paul O’Neill Evenings” series featured Mr. Suskind,82 former CIA Director George Tenet,83 and NPR Senior News Analyst Cokie Roberts.84 On May 14, 2008, the Alcoa Foundation, the non-profit arm of the corporation of which Mr. O’Neill was chairman and CEO from 1987 to 1999, announced it would sponsor the series for five years.85 Mr. O’Neills’s wife Nancy sat on the Gilda’s Club Board.86

Martin Crutsinger, Treasury Says Paul O’Neill Received Some 140 Sensitive Documents That Should Have Been Classified, Associated Press, March 22, 2004 (Exhibit 53). Virginia Linn, O’Neill to Speak at Cancer Center Fund-Raiser, Pittsburgh PostGazette, January 19, 2004 (Exhibit 54). Marylynn Uricchio, A Conversation With Paul O’Neill, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 23, 2006 (Exhibit 55).
83 82 81

80

Paul O’Neill Raps Bush’s S.S. Plan, Jewish Chronicle, February 17, 2005 (Exhibit 56). Patricia Sheridan, Cokie Roberts, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 21, 2008 (Exhibit 57).

84

Press Release, Alcoa Inc., Alcoa Foundation Begins Five Year Partnership with Gilda’s Club Western Pennsylvania, Business Wire, May 14, 2008; Press Release, TRW Automotive, Aug. 1, 2003 (Exhibit 58).
86

85

Linn, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Jan. 19, 2004.

45

Dr. Rod Paige, Former Secretary of Education Dr. Rod Paige served as Secretary of Education from January 20, 20011 until January 20, 2005.2 Dr. Paige’s tenure was marked by his support of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and the launch of the first federally supported school voucher program.3 Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Immediately after leaving the Department of Education, Dr. Paige accepted a six-month position at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars to work on a project entitled “The Academic Achievement Gap.”4 There, he researched the academic performance gap between African-American and Caucasian school-aged children in the United States.5 Thomas B. Fordham Foundation In April 2005, Dr. Paige augmented his research on the achievement gap by joining the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation as a member of the board of trustees.6 The foundation works to “close America’s most vexing achievement gaps by raising standards, strengthening accountability and expanding the quality of education options for children.”7 Chartwell Education Group In September 2005, Dr. Paige co-founded Chartwell Education Group with his former aides at the US Department of Education.8 The New York-based company provides educationrelated consulting services and advises clients on the policies Dr. Paige helped create including
1

Dateline Briefs, Desert News (Salt Lake City), April 15, 2002 (Exhibit 1). Yearly Progress, Education Week, January 18, 2006 (Exhibit 2).

2

Ben Feller, Paige Defined by No Child Left Behind Act, Associated Press, November 16, 2004 (Exhibit 3). Paige Takes Position as Public Policy Scholar in D.C., Houston Chronicle, March 19, 2005 (Exhibit 4).
5 4

3

http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=news.print&news_id=143715&stoplayout=tr ue (Exhibit 5). Press Release, Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, Jennifer Leischer, Former Top Education Department Officials Join Fordham Foundation, April 27, 2005 (Exhibit 6).
7 6

Id.

Ben Feller, Paige, Other Former Education Department Leaders Reunite as Consultants, Associated Press, September 17, 2005 (Exhibit 7).

8

46

the No Child Left Behind Act.9 In addition to consulting, Chartwell Education Group lobbies both Congress and the Department of Education on education related issues.10 Clients include: Access Group, American University of the Caribbean, Apollo Group, Inc., Blank Rome, LLP, Liberty Partners, the Motion Picture Assocation of America, NBC Universal, and the Thomas M. Cooley Law School. News Corporation On June 29, 2006, Dr. Paige joined the board of directors of the media conglomerate News Corporation.11 The film, television and publishing company owns FOX Filmed Entertainment and the FOX Broadcasting network.12 As a director, Dr. Paige’s job was to help oversee the company, establish corporate policy and set the strategic direction of the company.13 Dr. Paige resigned from the board of directors on February 12, 2008.14 He continues to work with News Corp. as a consultant, advising the company on educational issues.15 New Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce On June 14, 2006, The National Center on Education and the Economy announced that it had re-established the Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce and named Dr.

9

Id.

Chartwell Education Group, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Access Group, 2007; Chartwell Education Group, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: American University of the Caribbean, 2008; Chartwell Education Group, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Apollo Group, Inc., 2008; Chartwell Education Group, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Blank Rome, LLP, 2006; Chartwell Education Group, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Liberty Partners, 2006; Chartwell Education Group, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Motion Picture Association of American, 2008; Chartwell Education Group, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: NBC Universal, 2008; Chartwell Education Group, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Thomas M. Cooley Law School, 2008 (Exhibit 8). Press Release, News Corporation, News Corporation Appoints Dr. Roderick R. Paige to Board of Directors, June 29, 2006 (Exhibit 9).
12 11

10

http://www.hoovers.com/news-corp./--ID_41816--?free-co-profile.xhtml (Exhibit 10). http://www.newscorp.com/corp_gov/socg.html (Exhibit 11).

13

News Corporation - SEC Form 8K, Thomson Financial News, February 13, 2007 (Exhibit 12).
15

14

Id.

47

Paige a member.16 Six months later, the Commission released a report titled “Tough Choices or Tough Times,” which recommends advancing children to college after 10th grade, managing public schools with independent contractors, and only funding schools that succeed in improving the performance of their students.17 Broad Foundation On March 21, 2007, Dr. Paige was named to the board of governors of the Broad Foundation.18 The foundation’s educational goal is to “dramatically improve K-12 urban public education through better governance, management, labor relations and competition.”19 As a board member, Dr. Paige was to advise the foundation on its philanthropic investments in the education arena.20 During Dr. Paige’s tenure as Secretary of the Department of Education, the Broad Foundation receives $2.35 million in grants from the department.21 As part of his work for the Broad Foundation, Dr. Paige served on the selection committee awarding the Broad Prizes for Urban Education, which are collectively worth one million dollars.22 The War Against Hope Dr. Paige’s book, The War Against Hope: How Teachers’ Unions Hurt Children, Hinder

Press Release, National Center on Education and the Economy, Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce Reconvenes to Address New Challenges, June 14, 2006 (Exhibit 13). Press Release, National Center on Education and the Economy, Commission’s “Tough Choices or Tough Times” Report Calls for Biggest Changes in American Education System in a Century, December 14, 2006 (Exhibit 14). Press Release, The Broad Foundations, Leaders in Education, Science, the Arts Named to The Broad Foundations Board of Governors, March 21, 2007 (Exhibit 15).
19 18 17

16

http://broadeducation.org/about/overview.html (Exhibit 16). Press Release, The Broad Foundation, Mar. 21, 2007.

20 21

http://www.fedspending.org/faads/faads.php?reptype=r&detail=-1&datype=T&sortby=t&databa se=faads&recip_id=114344&fiscal_year=2003&record_num=f500 (Exhibit 17). N.Y.C. Wins Award for Strides in Student Achievement, Education Week, September 26, 2007; $1 Million Broad Prize for Urban Education Awarded to Norfolk Public Schools, Four Finalist Districts, Business Wire, September 20, 2005 (Exhibit 18).
22

48

Teachers, and Endanger Public Education, was published March 6, 2007.23 The book argues that teachers’ unions block education reform, and that the decline in the American education system parallels a rise in the influence of teachers’ unions.24 The book’s thesis harkens back to remarks he made as Secretary of Education, when he called the National Education Association a “terrorist organization.”25 Randy Best After leaving President Bush’s cabinet, Dr. Paige involved himself with the companies of Texas education entrepreneur, and pledged Bush “Pioneer,” Randy Best.26 Mr. Best has a history of attracting education officials from the public sector and key advisors to President Bush to his payroll and has a reputation of cultivating political connections.27 In 1994, Mr. Best founded his first education company, Voyager Expanding Learning, which would later go on to develop and sell pre-packaged sets of reading materials for public schools.28 The scripted approach of its curriculum proved controversial in some education circles.29 At the Department of Education, Dr. Paige helped create, and later enforced provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act. Included in this act was the Reading First initiative, a $1 billiona-year program designed to teach students to read.30 Officials urged states to use Voyager materials to implement the program.31 The education department paid Voyager over $1.36

http://www.chartwelleducation.com/pages/the-war-against-hope--dr.-rod-paige.php (Exhibit 19).
24

23

Amy Fagan, Lessons Learned, Washington Times, March 16, 2007 (Exhibit 20).

Robert Pear, Education Chief Calls Union ‘Terrorist,’ Then Recants, New York Times, February 24, 2004 (Exhibit 21). Joshua Benton, Entrepreneur Pursues Dream of Building Educational Empire, Dallas Morning News, May 29, 2006 (Exhibit 22).
27 26

25

Id. Id. Benton, Dallas Morning News, May 29, 2006.

28

29

Amit Paley, Key Initiative of ‘No Child’ Under Federal Investigation, Washington Post, April 21, 2007 (Exhibit 23).
31

30

Id.

49

million from 2003 to 2004, while Dr. Paige was Secretary.32 On the recommendations of the Department of Education’s Inspector General, the Department of Justice investigated how Reading First contracts were awarded.33 The results of the investigation are still pending and Congress has refused further funding for the program in FY 2009.34 Since leaving the Bush administration, Dr. Paige has become a senior advisor to four of Mr. Best’s education related companies, including the American College of Education,35 Higher Ed Holdings, LLC,36 Whitney International University System37 and Westmark Systems.38 According to lobbying disclosure forms, while Dr. Paige was at the American College of Education, the company continued to lobby the Department of Education on “institutional accreditation.”39 Young Learners School Also since leaving his administration post, Dr. Paige has been named as an advisory board member of Young Learners School,40 a “collaboration between school districts, Head Start programs, the YMCA, and licensed child care centers that provides a structured pre-kindergarten curriculum to eligible three and four-year-old children who come from communities of greatest

32

http://www.fedspending.org/faads/faads.php?recip_id=934061&sortby=u&detail=-1&datype=T &reptype=r&database=faads&fiscal_year=&submit=GO (Exhibit 24). Paley, Washington Post, Apr. 21, 2007; Greg Toppo, Reading First Program Could be on Its Last Legs, USA Today, July 2, 2008 (Exhibit 25). Id.; U.S. Secretary of Education Spellings Announces $4,034,108 Early Reading First Grant to Marquette University, US Fed News, September 18, 2008 (Exhibit 26). Joshua Benton, For Students, For Profits, or for Both?, Dallas Morning News, May 28, 2006 (Exhibit 27).
36 35 34 33

Paley, Washington Post, April 21, 2007. http://www.whitneyintl.com/advisoryboard.asp (Exhibit 28). http://broadeducation.org/news/factsheet.html (Exhibit 29).

37

38

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1; Akin Gump Straus Hauer & Feld, Mid-Year Lobbying Report 2007, Client: American College of Education, Secretary of Senate, Office of Public Record; Akin Gump Straus Hauer & Feld, Year-End Lobbying Report 2007, Client: American College of Education, Secretary of Senate, Office of Public Record (Exhibit 30).
40

39

http://younglearners.org/content/view/39/67/1/4/ (Exhibit 31).

50

need.”41 As an advisory board member, Dr. Paige generates new ideas for the program.42

41

http://younglearners.org/component/option,com_frontpage/Itemid,1/ (Exhibit 32). http://younglearners.org/content/view/39/67/1/4/

42

51

Rob Portman, Former United States Trade Representative and Former Director of the Office of Management and Budget Rob Portman served as United States Trade Representative (USTR) from May 17, 20051 to June 2, 2006,2 and as Director of the Office of Management and Budget from June 2, 20063 until August 3, 2007.4 Mr. Portman was praised for cracking down on congressional spending and earmarks as OMB Director5 and helped push the Central American Free Trade Agreement through Congress as USTR.6 Squire, Sanders & Dempsey L.L.P. Shortly after leaving the Bush administration, Mr. Portman joined the international law firm Squire, Sanders & Dempsey.7 Drawing from his experience as USTR, Mr. Portman worked in the firm’s transactional and international trade practice.8 He was followed to Squire Sanders that same month by his longtime political and policy advisor, Rob Lehman, who served Mr. Portman as his chief of staff at both the OMB and office of the USTR.9 Squire Sanders is a registered lobbying firm and since Mr. Portman joined the firm, it has continued to lobby the Office of the USTR.10

Press Release, White House, Remarks by President Bush at Swearing-In Ceremony for the United States Trade Representative, PR Newswire, May 17, 2005 (Exhibit 1). Jonathan Riskind and Jack Torry, Bush to Portman: Stay Put – and Put on Your Budget Cap, Columbus Dispatch, June 4, 2006 (Exhibit 2).
3 2

1

Riskind and Torry, Columbus Dispatch, June 4, 2006.

Michael Abramowitz, The Facts on Emissions, or a Lot of Hot Air?, Washington Post, September 3, 2007 (Exhibit 3). Jessica Wehrman, Portman Leaves Amid Fanfare Over Job at OMB, Cox News Service, June 19, 2007 (Exhibit 4). Andrew Taylor, Portman, a Loyal Insider with Hill Ties, Associated Press, April 19, 2006 (Exhibit 5). Press Release, Squire, Sanders & Dempsey LLP, Rob Portman to Join Squire, Sanders & Dempsey LLP, PR Newswire, November 8, 2007 (Exhibit 6).
8 7 6 5

4

Id.

Press Release, Squire, Sanders & Dempsey L.L.P., Former White House Official Rob Lehman Joins Squire Sanders Public Advocacy, November 9, 2007 (Exhibit 7).
10

9

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 8).

52

Ohio State University In March 2008, Mr. Portman joined the advisory board of Ohio State University’s John Glenn School of Public Affairs,11 where he co-taught a public budgeting class in the 2008 spring semester.12 Although OSU employed lobbyists while Mr. Portman taught there,13 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate the school lobbed OMB or USTR.14 Ohio’s Future Political Action Committee In 2007, Mr. Portman created the Ohio’s Future Political Action Committee in 2007 to “stay active in the political and policy arena.”15 Mr. Portman has been mentioned as a potential challenger to Ohio Governor Ted Strickland in 2010 and as a U.S. Senate candidate, should Senator George Voinovich decide not to seek re-election.16

Rob Portman Joins OSU’s Glenn School Board, Business Courier (Cincinnati), March 27, 2008 (Exhibit 9).
12

11

Id.

Hogan and Hartson, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Ohio State University, 2008 (Exhibit 10).
14

13

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 11)

Jonathan Riskind, Possible Challenger to Gov. Strickland, Columbus Dispatch, April 10, 2008 (Exhibit 12).
16

15

Id.

53

General Colin Powell, Former Secretary of State General Colin Powell served as Secretary of State from January 20, 2001 until January 26, 2005.1 Since resigning Gen. Powell has moved to the private sector, performing entrepreneurial consulting, and working in the information technology and health care industries. Additionally, Gen. Powell is involved in non-profit organizations and he recently joined the lecture circuit to engage in a public discourse on the importance of civic life. Revolution Health Group After leaving the administration in January 2005,2 Gen. Powell became a founding investor and board member of Revolution Health Group (RHG).3 Through its website, the company provides information about health care choices and insurance options.4 Founded in March 2005,5 RHG began planning to buy innovative healthcare companies offering a variety of services to consumers.6 In October 2008, it was announced that Waterfront Media, which runs the Everyday Health Network sites, bought Revolution Health.7 Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield and Byers Gen. Powell joined Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield and Byers in July 2005 as a limited partner.8 The Silicon Valley venture capital firm invests in technology firms like Google and

1

http://www.state.gov/secretary/former/40385.htm (Exhibit 1).

Julie Appleby, Case Bet On Business to Heal Health Care System, USA Today, July 6, 2005 (Exhibit 2). Press Release, Revolution Health Group, LLC, Columbia University Medical Center Teams With Revolution Health on Launch of Premier New Internet Destination for Pregnancy, Maternal Health, PR Newswire, April 19, 2007 (Exhibit 3).
4 3

2

http://www.revolutionhealth.com/about/index (Exhibit 4) Press Release, Revolution Health Group, LLC, PR Newswire, Apr. 19, 2007. Appleby, USA Today, July 6, 2005.

5

6

Dan Beyers, Revolution Health to Merge with NY Firm, Washington Post, October 3, 2008 (Exhibit 5). Jonathan Krim, Powell to Join Storied Venture Capital Firm, Washington Post, July 13, 2005 (Exhibit 6).
8

7

54

biotechnology start-ups.9 Gen. Powell trains the entrepreneurs on leadership and acts as an international affairs advisor.10 While Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield and Byers has employed lobbyists,11 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby the State Department.12 Council on Foreign Relations Gen. Powell has been on the Board of Directors of the Council on Foreign Relations since 1986.13 Colin Powell Center for Policy Studies Gen. Powell founded the Colin Powell Center for Policy Studies in 1997 and serves as the Center’s advisory council chair and distinguished scholar.14 The center, which is run in conjunction with The City College of New York, hopes to “develop a new generation”of individuals interested in public policy and civic-minded leadership.15 It provides fellowships and scholarships to students and develops programs and focusing on Harlem, the United States and the international community.16 America’s Promise Alliance and the Urban Ventures Leadership Foundation Gen. Powell is a founding member of America’s Promise Alliance.17 His wife, Alma,

Gary Rivlin, Colin Powell Joins Venture Capital Firm, New York Times, July 13, 2005 (Exhibit 7).
10

9

Id.

Bay Bridge Strategies, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield and Byers, 2008 (Exhibit 8).
12

11

soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 9). http://www.cfr.org/bios/2045/colin_l_powell.html (Exhibit 10). http://www1.ccny.cuny.edu/ci/powell/about/bio.cfm (Exhibit 11). http://www1.ccny.cuny.edu/ci/powell/about/index.cfm (Exhibit 12). Id.

13

14

15

16 17

http://www.americaspromise.org/APAPage.aspx?id=6574&ekmensel=b73f5728_240_284_6574 _4 (Exhibit 13).

55

serves as its chair.18 The alliance was formed in 1997 to provide resources to young people and currently partners with more than 105 organizations and businesses.19 In 2000, the organization teamed with the Urban Ventures Leadership Foundation to build the Colin Powell Youth Leadership Center in Minneapolis.20 The project was a “result of Powell’s contact with Art Erickson, president and CEO of Urban Ventures Leadership Foundation, who approached Powell [in 1997] with the idea for the school.”21 The Center expects to help 25,000 children per year and house seven different career and character-building programs.22 In 2004, Urban Ventures lobbied the House and Senate for a grant to build the 160,000 square foot center.23 It opened its doors on October 4, 2007.24 Lecture Circuit Since resigning, Gen. Powell has joined the lecture circuit, speaking at universities across the country discussing his time as a solider and as Secretary of State.25 Gen. Powell also tours with “Get Motivated!,” a motivational lecture series for business professionals and

18

Id. Id.

19

Press Release, Urban Ventures Partners with General Colin Powell and America’s Promise to Build Youth Leadership Center, PR Newswire, June 13, 2000 (Exhibit 14). Vickie Evans-Nash, Colin Powell Opens Southside Youth Center Bearing His Name, Minnesota Spokesmen-Recorder, October 13, 2007 (Exhibit 15).
22 21

20

Colin Powell Youth Leadership Center Opens, KARE 11, October 4, 2007 (Exhibit 16).

Id., Russ Reid Company, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Colin Powell Youth Leadership Center, 2004; Russ Reid Company, Year End Termination Lobbying Report, Client: Colin Powell Youth Leadership Center, 2004 (Exhibit 17).
24

23

KARE 11, Oct. 4, 2007.

Lanita Withers, Your Tutorial of Fall Semester’s Events, Greensboro News & Record, December 8, 2005; Martha Coventry, Colin Powell Looks At Leadership, University of Minnesota News, October 4, 2006; Keith Matheny, Gen. Powell to Cap Series of Speakers, Desert Sun, December 7, 2006; Top Newsmakers of 2006, Chicago Daily Herald, December 29, 2006; Will Higgins, Iraqis Must Fix Iraq, Powell Tells Crowd In Indy, Indianapolis Star, March 13, 2007; Elizabeth Wright, Powell: Like it or Not, Iraq is a Civil War, Naples Daily News, March 24, 2007; Thomas B. Langhore, Four Stars for Powell Lecture, Evansville Courier & Press, April 19, 2007; Richard Wilson, Colin Powell to Speak at Miami University, Dayton Daily News, January 20, 2008; Tickets on Sale for Colin Powell, Business First of Louisville, February 22, 2008 (Exhibit 18).

25

56

entrepreneurs.26 Additionally, Gen. Powell speaks on behalf of the Prostate Cancer Education Council about prevention and his personal battle with cancer.27

http://www.getmotivated.com/faq.aspx; http://www.getmotivated.com/bio.aspx?a=4998&s=149 (Exhibit 19). General Powell Speaks About Prostate Cancer, Sacramento Observer, September 20, 2007 (Exhibit 20).
27

26

57

Anthony Principi, Former Secretary of Veterans Affairs Anthony Principi served as Secretary of Veterans Affairs from January 23, 2001 until January 2005.1 Since his resignation, Mr. Principi has been elected to sit on the corporate boards of Pfizer, QTC Management, Mutual of Omaha and Perot Systems Corporation. Pfizer After resigning from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Mr. Principi became a vice president at the pharmaceutical company, Pfizer.2 Just four months later, in May of 2005, Mr. Principi resigned and assumed the position of chairman of the Base Realignment and Closure Commission, a government organization responsible for reviewing the Pentagon’s base closing and consolidation list.3 On March 25, 2006, Mr. Principi returned to Pfizer as vice president of government relations,4 a position that required him to lobby Congress and the VA.5 Mr. Principi lobbied on a host of health care related issues, including mental health and drug risk assessment, as well as on managerial issues concerning corporate accountability and government compliance.6 In 2007, Pfizer spent $13.8 million lobbying.7 According to the Center for Public Integrity, that year the pharmaceutical industry was successful at “getting two controversial laws extended and thwarting congressional efforts to restrict media ads for prescription drugs.”8 The industry managed to stop the importation of inexpensive drugs from other countries, protect

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/principi-bio.html (Exhibit 1). Principi Resigns as Pfizer VP, Fox News, May 16, 2005 (Exhibit 2). Id. Anthony Cronin, Principi Returns to Pfizer, The Day, March 25, 2006 (Exhibit 3).

2

3

4

Pfizer, Inc. Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Pfizer, 2006; Pfizer, Inc. Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Pfizer, 2007; Pfizer, Inc. Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Pfizer, 2008 (Exhibit 4). Pfizer, Inc. Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Pfizer, 2007; THOMAS Website, Summary of HR 2900 FDA Amendments Act of 2007, http://thomas.loc.gov/cgibin/bdquery/z?d110:HR02900:@@@D&summ2=m& (Exhibit 5) M. Asif Ismail, A Record Year for the Pharmacuetical Lobby in ’07: Washington’s Largest Lobby Racks Up Another Banner Year on Capitol Hill, Center for Public Integrity, http://projects.publicintegrity.org/rx/report.aspx?aid=985 (Exhibit 6).
8 7 6

5

Id.

58

pharmaceutical patents and expand access to international markets.9 QTC Management QTC Management is the largest private provider of government contracted health services and is responsible for evaluating veterans’ eligibility for VA benefits.10 Prior to his appointment at the VA, Mr. Principi was the head of QTC Management.11 Mr. Principi’s successor at the VA, retired General James Peake, was also an executive at QTC Management before moving to the VA.12 Upon resigning from the VA, Mr. Principi became QTC Management’s chairman of board of directors.13 On March 29, 2008 the Los Angeles Times revealed that QTC Management was paid $267 million--$6 million more than was authorized-during Mr. Principi’s and Gen. Peake’s tenures at the VA.14 Mr. Principi denied engaging in any misguided or unethical activities as secretary and QTC Management has agreed to payback $3 million.15 While Mr. Principi was at QTC Management, the firm continued to lobby the VA.16 According to lobbying disclosure forms, since Mr. Principi re-joined QTC, the company has lobbied the VA on issues related to disability exam software, military medical and dental readiness, and occupational health services.17 Mutual of Omaha In May 2005, Mr. Principi became a director at Mutual of Omaha, an insurance and

9

Id.

Mark Benjamin, Corporate Profiteering Against Iraq Vets? Salon.com, November 20, 2007 (Exhibit 7). Walter Roche, VA Was Overbilled By Firm, Audit Says, Los Angeles Times, March 29, 2008 (Exhibit 8).
12 11

10

Id.

Walter Roche, Former VA Chief Has Interest in Contract Company, Los Angeles Times, April 22, 2006 (Exhibit 9).
14

13

Roche, Los Angeles Times, Mar. 29, 2008. Id.; Roche, Los Angeles Times, Apr. 22, 2006. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 10).

15

16

Jefferson Consulting Group, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: QTC, 2008 (Exhibit 11).

17

59

financial institution based in Nebraska.18 Mr. Principi is not a registered lobbyist for Mutual of Omaha; however, in 2007, the company spent $1.2 million lobbying on issues including: taxes, patent legislation, consumer privacy, Medicare benefits, long term health insurance, terrorism insurance and mental health insurance.19 Lobbying disclosure forms also indicate the company contacted Congress regarding Mental Health Parity Act of 2007, which included an amendment to improve mental health care for troops.20 Documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any Mutual of Omaha lobbyist has registered to lobby the VA directly.21 Perot Systems Corporation On December 14, 2005, Mr. Principi was elected to the board of Perot Systems Corporation.22 The company, which offers public and private sector computer services,23 also contracts with the federal government, including the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security.24 The company and its subsidiaries have been awarded $964 million to provide the government with IT services since Mr. Principi joined the board of directors.25 About one year before Mr. Principi joined Perot Systems, the company registered to

Press Release, Mutual of Omaha, Anthony J. Principi Elected to Mutual of Omaha Board of Directors, May 23, 2005 (Exhibit 12). Mutual of Omaha Spent Nearly $1.2 Million To Lobby Government On Insurance, Medicare Issues, Associated Press, February 26, 2008 (Exhibit 13). Mutual of Omaha, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Mutual of Omaha, 2007; Press Release, Sen. Domenici, Senate Passes Domenici Co-Sponsored Amendment to Improve Mental Health Care for Troops, State News Service, September 26, 2007 (Exhibit 14).
21 20 19

18

soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 15).

Perot System Corporation, Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders, May 10, 2006 (Exhibit 16).
23

22

http://www.perotsystems.com/About/default (Exhibit 17). http://www.perotsystems.com/Industries/Federal_Government/default (Exhibit 18).

24 25

http://www.usaspending.gov/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=perot&sortby=r&detail=0&datype= T&reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2006&submit=GO; http://www.usaspending.gov/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=perot&sortby=r&detail=0&datype= T&reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2007&submit=GO; http://www.usaspending.gov/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=perot&sortby=r&detail=0&datype= T&reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2008&submit=GO (Exhibit 19).

60

lobby the VA.26 According to lobbying disclosure forms, since Mr. Principi joined Perot Systems, the company has lobbied the VA on medical care and “veterans and technology issues.”27

26

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=submitSearchRequest (Exhibit 20). Vianovo, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Perot Systems, 2006 (Exhibit 21).

27

61

Tom Ridge, Former Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge served as the first Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) between January 22, 20031 and February 1, 2005.2 Mr. Ridge is one of many Bush administration homeland security officials now working for companies that sell products to the federal agency they helped run.3 Corporate Work Home Depot In February 2005, Mr. Ridge joined the board of directors of home improvement retailer, Home Depot Inc.4 It was reported that Mr. Ridge’s tenure with the retailer would end in May of that year.5 While Home Depot has employed lobbyists,6 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby DHS.7 Savi Technology In April 2005, Mr. Ridge joined the corporate board of Savi Technology,8 a company that makes radio frequency identification equipment (RFID).9 DHS promoted RFID while Mr. Ridge was Secretary.10 At the time he joined Savi, DHS was testing this technology on a host of

Ridge Confirmed in Senate Vote, Advocate (Baton Rouge, LA), January 23, 2003 (Exhibit 1).
2

1

Chertoff Takes Reins of DHS, Weekly of Business Aviation, February 21, 2005 (Exhibit

2). Eric Lipton, Former Antiterror Officials Find Industry Pays Better, New York Times, June 18, 2006 (Exhibit 3). Jennifer Waters, Ridge To Join Home Depot Board, MarketWatch, February 24, 2008 (Exhibit 4). Mozilo, Ridge To Leave Home Depot Board, Los Angeles Times, March 20, 2007 (Exhibit 5).
6 5 4 3

C2 Group LLC, Third Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Home Depot, 2008 (Exhibit 6). http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 7). Katharine Mieszkowski, Passport to Pry, Salon, April 7, 2008. (Exhibit 8). Id. Lipton, New York Times, Jun. 18, 2006.

7

8

9

10

62

projects.11 Similarly, while Mr. Ridge headed the agency, DHS awarded Savi at least $13.7 million in contracts.12 Since he joined Savi’s board, the company has recieved at least $30.6 million in contracts from DHS.13 In 2006, another homeland security contractor, Lockheed Martin bought Savi Technology.14 The purchase yielded the former secretary a stock windfall.15 Since Mr. Ridge joined Savi, the company continued to lobby DHS.16 Exelon Corporation In May 2005, Mr. Ridge joined Exelon Corporation’s board of directors.17 Exelon is a public utility holding company and Mr. Ridge serves on its energy delivery oversight committee.18 Since Mr. Ridge joined Excelon, the company has continued to lobby DHS.19 Vonage Holding Corporation In August 2005, Mr. Ridge joined the board of directors of the Vonage Holding

Mieszkowski, Salon, Apr. 7, 2008; Brad Grimes, RFID Adoption Could Boost Homeland Security, Washington Technology, April 1, 2004 (Exhibit 9).
12

11

http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=savi&sortby=r&detail=0&datype=T &reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2003&submit=GO; http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=savi&sortby=r&detail=0&datype=T &reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2004&submit=GO (Exhibit 10)
13

http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=savi&sortby=r&detail=0&datype=T &reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2006&submit=GO; http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=savi&sortby=r&detail=0&datype=T &reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2007&submit=GO; http://www.fedspending.org/fpds/fpds.php?company_name=savi&sortby=r&detail=0&datype=T &reptype=r&database=fpds&fiscal_year=2008&submit=GO (Exhibit 11) Spenser S. Hsu, Renae Merle, Coast Guard’s Purchasing Raised Conflict-of-Interest Flags, Washington Post, March 25, 2007 (Exhibit 12).
15 14

Id. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 13).

16

Exelon Names Tom Ridge to Board, Associated Press Financial Wire, April 27, 2005; http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=124298&p=irol-govBio&ID=136902 (Exhibit 14).
18

17

http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=124298&p=irol-govBio&ID=136902 http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 15).

19

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Company, a provider of internet telephone service.20 While Vonage has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby DHS.21 Lucent Technologies In 2005, Mr. Ridge was named to Lucent’s government advisory board, helping the company grow government business.22 In 2006, the company merged with Alcatel in a $13 billion deal.23 Since Mr. Ridge joined Lucent Technologies, the company has continued to lobby DHS.24 Iridium Satellite In June 2006, Mr. Ridge joined the board of directors of Iridium Satellite.25 Iridium Satellite has a fleet of 77 satellites and supplies satellite communications to government agencies and corporations.26 While Iridium has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any have registered to lobby DHS.27 Deloitte and Touche Mr. Ridge became a senior advisor to Deloitte and Touche’s state government practice in November 2006 to “counsel clients on major issues and other challenges facing governors and

http://www.vonage.com/corporate/corp_bod.php; http://www.vonage.com/corporate/index.php?lid=footer_corporate&refer_id=WEBAU07060100 01W1 (Exhibit 16).
21

20

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 17).

Lucent Technologies, Financial Analyst Conference, Fair Disclosure Wire, November 11, 2005 (Exhibit 18).
23

22

Alcatel, Lucent Announce $13.4B Merger, Associated Press, April 3, 2006 (Exhibit http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 20).

19).
24

Ellen Sheng, Tom Ridge Joins Iridium Satellite’s Board as a Director, Associated Press, June 29, 2006 (Exhibit 21).
26

25

Id. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 22).

27

64

state governments.”28 Deloitte and Touche provides services in four professional areas: audit, tax, consulting, and financial advisory services.29 Mr. Ridge’s specific focus areas and responsibilities include “the effective deployment of information technology to transform government, improving education performance and improving states’ abilities to serve those most in need.”30 Since Mr. Ridge joined Deloitte, the company has continued to lobby DHS.31 Discover America Partnership In late 2006, Discover America Partnership, a coalition of travel industry leaders, hired Mr. Ridge to be a part of a multi-million dollar public advocacy campaign promoting opening U.S. borders to businesses and tourists.32 The campaign promoted making the application for visas overseas faster and simpler, speeding up the processing of international travelers entering the U.S., and creating a plan to improve the image of the U.S. in certain countries.33 Assisting on the public relations campaign, is Fleishman-Hillard.34 Mr. Ridge sits on Fleishman-Hillard’s international advisory board.35 While the Discover America Partnership has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any have registered to lobby DHS.36

Ethan Butterfield, Deloitte Recruits Ridge For State Government Practice, Washington Technology, November 2, 2006 (Exhibit 23).
29

28

http://www.deloitte.com/dtt/section_home/0,1041,sid%253D2250,00.html (Exhibit Id. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 25).

24).
30

31

Judy Sarasohn, Discover America Partnership Lands Ridge, Washington Post, December 21, 2006 (Exhibit 26). Ted McKenna, US Travel Execs Unite to Boost Foreign Visitation, PR Week, February 5, 2007 (Exhibit 27).
34 33

32

Id.

http://fleishmanhillard.com/client-solutions%5Cinternational-advisory-board.html#bios (Exhibit 28).
36

35

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 29).

65

Abraxas Corporation On March 27, 2007, Abraxas Corporation, a risk mitigation technology company based in northern Virginia, announced Mr. Ridge had joined its board of advisors.37 Mr. Ridge had been working with the company on a counterterrorism software application used to predict and prevent terrorist attacks since July 2006.38 The software is named TrapWire.39 IDO Security On September 10, 2007, IDO Security announced Mr. Ridge would be providing consulting services for the company.40 IDO Security designs, develops, and markets security screening devices.41 Mr. Ridge’s job is to help IDO Security push one of its products, MagShoe, a security screening device that detects metallic objects concealed on, in, or around footwear, to “markets in the United States and throughout the world.”42 Ridge Global On October 1, 2007, Mr. Ridge officially launched Ridge Global, an international consulting firm that focuses on global trade security, special event security, risk assessment, and crisis management.43 The firm’s advisory committee includes several former members of the Bush administration including: John Gordon, former homeland security adviser, Howard Schmidt, former White House cyber security adviser, Barry McCaffrey, a international security and terrorism analyst, and former Coast Guard commandant, Thomas Collins.44 Deloitte and Touche signed on as a client with Ridge Global.45 Press Release, Abraxas Corporation: Abraxas Corporation Announces Tom Ridge, Former Secretary of Homeland Security, Joins Advisory Board, PR Newswire, March 27, 2007 (Exhibit 30).
38 37

Id. Id.

39

Press Release, IDO Security, The Honorable Tom Ridge Teams with IDO Security; Former Homeland Security Secretary New Key Advisor for MagShoe (TM) Program, PR Newswire, September 10, 2007 (Exhibit 31).
41

40

Id. Id.

42

Thomas Heath, Ridge Launches Security Consulting Firm; Nations, Industry Targeted as Clients, Washington Post, October 2, 2007 (Exhibit 32).
44

43

Id. Id.

45

66

In June 2008, it was reported that Ridge Global failed to disclose approximately a halfmillion dollars worth of lobbying done on the behalf of the government of Albania.46 Mr. Ridge represented Albania’s interests in matter of homeland security and NATO membership from October 2006 though August 2007.47 The Hershey Company In November 2007, Mr. Ridge joined candy-maker Hershey’s corporate board.48 While Hershey has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records does not indicate any have registered to lobby DHS.49 TechRadium, Inc. In January 2008, Mr. Ridge joined TechRadium, Inc. as a senior advisor.50 TechRadium is security technology firm that provides mass alert notification systems.51 At the time Mr. Ridge joined the company, it was marketing a system that sends emergency e-mail or voice mail messages to a large number of people during an emergency.52 Before Mr. Ridge joined TechRadium, the company had not lobbied the DHS.53 Since Mr. Ridge joined the organization, however, it has lobbied the agency DHS.54 Carbon Motors On April 28, 2008, Carbon Motors announced Tom Ridge joined the company’s board of advisors “to help guide the development of the world’s first purpose-built vehicle for law

46

Anna Palmer, Ridge Files Very Late For Albania, Roll Call, June 24, 2008 (Exhibit Id.

33).
47

Glenn Curtis, Hershey’s New Board Looks Secure, Investopedia Advisor, November 16, 2007 (Exhibit 34).
49

48

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 35).

Tom Ridge to Advise TechRadium On ‘IRIS’ Technology, Reuters, January 9, 2008 (Exhibit 36).
51

50

Id.

Alice Lipowicz, Ridges Gets Emergency Alert Consulting Gig, Washington Technology, January 10, 2008 (Exhibit 37).
53

52

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 38). Id.

54

67

enforcement.”55 “Carbon Motors is a new American automaker with a focused and singular mission: to design, develop, produce, distribute and service the Carbon E7, a vehicle designed specifically for law enforcement operations.”56 Cernium Technology firm, Cernium, selected Mr. Ridge in August 2008, to join its corporate board as a “key strategic advisor.”57 Cernium produces video products for a variety of public sector and security uses.58 Since Mr. Ridge joined Cernium, the company has continued to lobby DHS.59 Fleishman-Hillard Mr. Ridge joined the international advisory board of Fleishman-Hillard.60 Mr. Ridge’s advisory duties include writing op-ed pieces, public speaking engagements and consulting for firm clients.61 The firm established a domestic security practice in December 2002.62 While Fleishman-Hillard is a lobbying firm, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any of their lobbyists have registered to lobby DHS.63

Press Release, Carbon Motors, Carbon Motors Announces Tom Ridge, Lee Hamilton to Serve on Board of Advisors; Homeland Security Leaders to Help Guide Development of World's First “Purpose-Built” Law Enforcement Vehicle; Automaker Launches New Web Site for Direct Law Enforcement Input on Vehicle Design, Business Wire, April 28, 2008 (Exhibit 39).
56

55

Id. Cernium Names Tom Ridge To Its Board, Wireless News, August 5, 2008 (Exhibit 40). http://www.cernium.com/index.asp (Exhibit 41). http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 42). http://fleishmanhillard.com/client-solutions%5Cinternational-advisory-board.html#bios Id.

57

58

59

60

61

Philip Shenon, Former Domestic Security Aides Make a Quick Switch to Lobbying, New York Times, April 29, 2003 (Exhibit 43).
63

62

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 44).

68

Homeland Security Television Mr. Ridge sits on Homeland Security Television’s editorial advisory board.64 According to the company’s website, “the Homeland Security Television Channel (HSTV) is the world's first online, on-demand television network dedicated to homeland security and global development.”65 Daon Mr. Ridge sits on the board of Daon, an Irish biometric security company.66 Biometric technologies are increasingly being used for homeland security projects.67 Authorship and Speaking Engagements Lecture Circuit Since leaving DHS, Mr. Ridge has joined the lecture circuit.68 According to Speaker’s.com, he charges over $40,000 per engagement.69

64

http://www.hstvchannel.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=46&Itemid=56 (Exhibit 45).
65

http://www.hstvchannel.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=45&Itemid=53 (Exhibit 46). Eric Lipton, In Kentucky Hills, A Homeland Security Bonanza, New York Times, May 14, 2006 (Exhibit 47). Roland Jones, Homeland Security Seen Spurring Biometrics, MSNBC, January 20, 2004 (Exhibit 48)..
68 67 66

http://www.washingtonspeakers.com/speakers/speaker.cfm?speakerid=3894 (Exhibit http://www.speakers.com/listing.asp?sid=2034 (Exhibit 50).

49).
69

69

Book Deal In December 2007, Publishers Weekly reported that Mr. Ridge signed a deal with Thomas Dunne Books.70 The forthcoming book is entitled Need to Know: Beyond Chaos and Fear, A Secure Path for America.71 Buildings Named in Mr. Ridge’s Honor Tom Ridge Environmental Center In May 2006, the $31 million Tom Ridge Environmental Center at Presque Isle State Park opened.72 The Center combines a museum, research laboratory and movie theater.73 Mr. Ridge earmarked $25 million to the Center on his final day as Governor of Pennsylvania.74 Michele and Tom Ridge Health and Safety Building In August 2006, the Michele and Tom Ridge Health and Safety Building was dedicated at Mercyhurst College.75 The $5 million project came under scrutiny when it was linked to a $96,000 no-bid contract the college had received from DHS under Mr. Ridge to provide training for DHS intelligence officers.76 The college is in Mr. Ridge’s hometown of Erie, PA.77 Its board of trustee’s chairwoman, Marlene Mosco is one of Mr. Ridge’s oldest friends and one of his top political supporters.78 While Mercyhurst has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any have registered to lobby DHS.79 Matthew Thornton, Ridge Makes Deal with SMP, Publisher’s Weekly, December 19, 2007 (Exhibit 51).
71 70

Id.

Michael Cowden, Tom Ridge Center Opens in Erie After Decade of Planning, Associated Press, May 26, 2006 (Exhibit 52).
73

72

Id. Id.

74

Scott Waldman, College Unveils Public Safety Program, Erie Times-News, August 10, 2006 (Exhibit 53). William Fisher, No-Bid Contract to Ridge-Connected College Stirs Furor, IPS-Inter Press Service, March 18, 2005 (Exhibit 54).
77 76

75

Id. Id. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 55).

78

79

70

Non-Profit Work Center for the Study of the Presidency In May 2005, Mr. Ridge joined the Center for the Study of the Presidency as a member of the Center’s Board of Trustees.80 National Organization on Disability In May 2005, Mr. Ridge joined the board of the National Organization on Disability81 and in January 2006, became the chair.82 Mr. Ridge has been hearing-impaired since birth, a condition that worsened during his military service and for which he wears a hearing aid.83 Flight 93 National Memorial In August 2005, Mr. Ridge was named honorary co-chair of the effort by Families of Flight 93 to raise money for the Flight 93 National Memorial.84 Retired Army General Tommy Franks was the other co-chair of the fundraising effort.85 While the Families of Flight 93 have employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby DHS.86 Council on Competitiveness In late 2005, Mr. Ridge joined the Council on Competitiveness as a distinguished fellow.
87

Press Release, Tom Ridge Joins Board of Center for the Study of the Presidency, PR Newswire, May 27, 2005 (Exhibit 56). Press Release, National Organization on Disability, Tom Ridge Joins National Organization on Disability Board, PR Newswire, May 17, 2005 (Exhibit 57). http://www.nod.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=feature.showFeature& FeatureID=1563&C:\CFusionMX7\verity\Data\dummy.txt&noheader=1 (Exhibit 58). Stephanie Salmon, 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Tom Ridge, USNews.com, August 28, 2008 (Exhibit 59). Ex-Governor Ridge Joins Flight 93 Memorial Fundraising Team, Associated Press, August 17, 2005; http://www.honorflight93.org/tom-ridge.cfm (Exhibit 60).
85 84 83 82 81

80

Id. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 61).

86

Judy Sarasohn, Ridge Says He's Not Lobbying, Washington Post, December 8, 2005 (Exhibit 62).

87

71

Virginia Tech Shootings In April 2007, Governor Kaine appointed Mr. Ridge to serve on a panel investigating the shootings at Virginia Tech.88 National Infantry Foundation Mr. Ridge is on the National Infantry Foundation’s board of advisers.89 The Foundation is a non-profit designed to support the National Infantry Museum in Fort Benning.90 While the National Infantry Foundation has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any have registered to lobby DHS.91 Council for Excellence in Government Mr. Ridge is a member of Council for Excellence in Government’s board of trustees.92 According to the non-profit’s website, the “Council helps to create stronger public sector leadership and management.”93

Press Release, Office of Governor Timothy M. Kaine, Governor Kaine Announces Panel Will Independently Review Virginia Tech Tragedy, April 19, 2007 (Exhibit 63).
89

88

http://www.nationalinfantryfoundation.org/advisors.shtml (Exhibit 64). http://www.nationalinfantryfoundation.org/about_foundation.shtml (Exhibit 65). http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 66).

90

91 92

http://www.excelgov.org/About/content.cfm?ItemNumber=8743&navItemNumber=9428 (Exhibit 67).
93

http://www.excelgov.org/About/?&navItemNumber=9419 (Exhibit 68).

72

Donald Rumsfeld, Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld served as Secretary of Defense between January 20, 2001 and December 18, 2006.1 Mr. Rumsfeld resigned due to widespread dissatisfaction with his handling of the Iraq war.2 Memoirs On April 15, 2008, Mr. Rumsfeld signed a book deal with Penguin to publish his memoir.3 The book, which is scheduled for release in 2010, will cover the entirety of Mr. Rumsfeld’s life, including his years in the private sector.4 It is also expected that Mr. Rumsfeld will use this opportunity to justify his military strategy for the war in Iraq.5 The Rumsfeld Foundation In July 2007, it was reported that Mr. Rumsfeld was in the process of setting up the Rumsfeld Foundation, an organization dedicated to attracting students to public service.6 Proceeds from his memoir will go towards financing the foundation.7 Hoover Institution Fellowship In September 2007, Mr. Rumsfeld was appointed a distinguished visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution.8 Mr. Rumsfeld serves on a task force of scholars and experts that focus on

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/rumsfeld-bio.html (Exhibit 1). Secretary Rumsfeld Stepping Down, MSNBC.com, November 8, 2006 (Exhibit 2). Rumsfeld, Penguin Agree On Book Deal, Chicago Tribune, April 15, 2008 (Exhibit 3). Id.

2

3

4

Gary Shapiro, Publishers Abuzz Over Possible Rumsfeld Book, New York Sun, June 27, 2007 (Exhibit 4).
6

5

Rumsfeld Setting Up Service Foundation, Associated Press, July 12, 2007 (Exhibit 5). Id.

7

Rumsfeld Appointed Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Hoover, Stanford News Service, September 12, 2007 (Exhibit 6).

8

73

issues pertaining to ideology and terror.9 Mr. Rumsfeld has been involved with the Hoover Institute since 1989.10

9

Id. Id.

10

74

John Snow, Former Secretary of the Treasury John Snow served as Secretary of the Treasury from February 3, 2003 until June 29, 2006. Since resigning Mr. Snow has worked in the oil, financial and communications industries.
1

Marathon Oil Corporation In late September 2006, Mr. Snow was elected to Marathon Oil’s board of directors.2 Since Mr. Snow joined Marathon Oil, the company continued to lobby the Department of the Treasury.3 According to lobbying disclosure forms, the company has lobbied the Department of the Treasury on financial issues involving foreign energy interest.4 Cerberus Capital Management In October 2006, Mr. Snow was named chairman of Cerberus Capital Management.5 At the time, the private equity firm managed $16.5 billion assets, generating roughly $45 billion in annual revenue.6 In 2006, Cerberus acquired an 80 percent equity interest in Daimler-Chrysler.7 Subsequently, Mr. Snow argued against “severe boosts” in fuel economy standards and against higher taxes for private equity firms.8 Since Mr. Snow joined Cerberus, the company has continued to lobby the Department of

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/snow-bio.html (Exhibit 1).

Press Release, Marathon Oil Corporation, John W. Snow Elected to Marathon Oil Corporation Board of Directors, September 27, 2006 (Exhibit 2).
3

2

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 3).

Marathon Oil Corporation, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Marathon Oil Corporation, 2008 (Exhibit 4). Stephen Taub, Snow Named Chair of Private-Equity Firm, CFO.com, October 19, 2006 (Exhibit 5).
6 5

4

Id.

Press Release, Daimler Chrysler, Cerberus Takes Over Majority Interest In Chrysler Group and Related Financial Services Business for $7.4 Billion From DaimlerChrysler, PRNewswire, May 14, 2006 (Exhibit 6). Harry Stoffer, When Cerberus Owns Chysler Maybe Snow Can Get A 4-dr. Wrangler, Automotive News, July 23, 2007 (Exhibit 7).
8

7

75

the Treasury.9 Since he was named chairman, the company has lobbied on corporate average fuel economy standards and automobile emissions.10 In 2008, Cerberus lobbied the Department of the Treasury regarding home mortgages, bankruptcy law and regulation of industrial loan companies.11 Cerberus hired Mr. Snow’s former lieutenant and general counsel of the Treasury Department, Arnold I. Havens, to lobby for the company.12 Verizon Communications Mr. Snow was elected to the Verizon board of directors effective on February 1, 2007.13 That year, the company spent roughly $14 million lobbying.14 Since Mr. Snow was at Verizon, the company has continued to lobby the treasury department on a host of telecommunications issues.15 Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia In August 2007, Mr. Snow was appointed Newman Visiting Fellow at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia.16 Mr. Snow’s role with the Center is to work with

9

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 8).

Cerberus Capital Management, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Cerberus Capital Management, 2007; C & C Consulting, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Cerberus Capital Management, 2007; CLMM & Associates, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Cerberus Capital Management, 2008 (Exhibit 9). Jones, Walker, Waechter, Poitevent, Carrere & Denegre, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Cerberus Capital Management, 2008; King & Spalding, LLP, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Cerberus Capital Management, 2008; Jones, Walker, Waechter, Poitevent, Carrere & Denegre, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Cerberus Capital Management, 2008 (Exhibit 10). Jones, Walker, Waechter, Poitevent, Carrere & Denegre, Second Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Cerberus Capital Management, 2008; Jones, Walker, Waechter, Poitevent, Carrere & Denegre, First Quarter Lobbying Report, Client: Cerberus Capital Management, 2008. David Reich-Hale, John W. Snow Joins Verizon Board, Long Island Business News, December 8, 2006 (Exhibit 11). http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientsum.php?year=2007&lname= Verizon+Communications (Exhibit 12).
15 14 13 12 11

10

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1(Exhibit 13).

Press Release, Miller Center for Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, Former Treasury Secretary John W. Snow Named Newman Visiting Fellow At The Miller Center of Public Affairs, August 15, 2007 (Exhibit 14).

16

76

the Governing America in a Global Era program (GAGE) and offer expertise on issues of international and fiscal governance.17 In May 2007, Mr. Snow convened a summit entitled, “New Financial Architecture: A Global Summit,” where high-ranking financial leaders came together to address global market developments and current economic and financial issues.18

17

Id.

Press Release, University of Virginia, Former Finance Ministers To Convene At UVA For Global Summit, State News Service, May 29, 2008 (Exhibit 15).

18

77

Tommy Thompson, Former Secretary of Health & Human Services Tommy Thompson served as Secretary of Health & Human Services (HHS) between February 2, 2001 and January 26, 2005.1 Since leaving President Bush’s cabinet, Mr. Thompson has “amassed a lucrative portfolio of high-level corporate positions.”2 Mr. Thompson campaigned for the presidency but abandoned his bid after poor performance in the polls.3 Executive Positions Deloitte & Touche In March 2005,4 Mr. Thompson joined Deloitte & Touche as an independent senior advisor with the Deloitte Center for Health Solutions to address current challenges to health care.5 In the summer of 2006, Mr. Thompson worked with the firm to produce a Medicaid reform proposal.6 Mr. Thompson reportedly said that he plans to gather political support for his proposal by talking with individual governors and working with members of Congress to find “leaders willing to turn his proposals into legislation.”7 Critics contended that his Medicaid proposal could benefit companies Mr. Thompson works for including, Centene Corp., Deloitte & Touche, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld and Verichip Corp.8 When Mr. Thompson announced his proposal he was serving on the board of

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/thompson-bio.html (Exhibit 1).

Tommy Thompson’s Corporate Empire, Wisconsin State Journal, November 16, 2008 (Exhibit 2). Chris Cillizza, Tommy Thompson is First Victim of Iowa Straw Poll, WashingtonPost.com, August 12, 2007 (Exhibit 3). Press Release, Deloitte & Touche, Tommy Thompson, Former Secretary of Health & Human Services, Joins Akin Gump as Partner and Deloitte & Touche USA LLP as a Senior Advisor, PR Newswire, March 9, 2005 (Exhibit 4).
5 4 3

2

http://www.deloitte.com/dtt/employee_profile/0,1007,sid%253D80772%2526cid%253D86217,0 0.html (Exhibit 5). Thompson Wants Feds to Take More Responsibility for Long-Term Care, State Health Watch, October 1, 2006 (Exhibit 6).
7 6

Id.

Christopher Lee, Thompson’s Medicaid Reforms Could Benefit His Employers, Washington Post, August 8, 2006 (Exhibit 7).

8

78

Verichip Corp.9 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson earned $1,062,500 in consulting fees from Deloitte & Touche.10 Since Mr. Thompson joined Deloitte, the firm has continued to lobby HHS.11 Instead Inc. In February 2005, Mr. Thompson joined the advisory board of Instead Inc.,12 a women’s sexual and reproductive health company.13 In summer 2006, Instead Inc. launched Instead Sciences Inc., to manufacture products that protect women from sexually transmitted diseases.14 According to the personal financial disclosure form filed during his presidential campaign, Mr. Thompson had joined Instead Inc. as an advisor in June 2005.15 Logistics Health On March 9, 2005, Mr. Thompson was named president of Logistics Health,16 a medical readiness supplier, providing homeland security responders and military personnel with solutions in emergency situations.17 Logistics Health had an HHS contract to perform medical and dental exams on guard a

9

Id.

Tommy Thompson, Executive Branch Personnel Public Financial Disclosure Report, filed August 13, 2007 (hereinafter “ Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007”) (Exhibit 8).
11

10

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 9). http://www.insteadsciences.com/instead_milestones.htm (Exhibit 10). http://www.insteadsciences.com/about_us.htm (Exhibit 11).

12

13

Press Release, New Company Plans to Market Microbicide by 2010, Business Wire, August 1, 2006 (Exhibit 12).
15

14

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

Steve Schultze, Thompson Gets Another Title: Logistics Health President, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, March 10, 2005 (Exhibit 13). Tommy Thompson Named President of Logistics Health, Health Insurance Week, April 10, 2005 (Exhibit 14).
17

16

79

reserve soldiers that ended in 2006.18 In June 2008, Logistics Health won an $11 million contract to monitor the medical conditions of the 9/11 rescue workers.19 The company was to provide health screening and assessments to roughly 4,000 people, yet services lagged for months.20 The company contended the delays were the fault of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health,21 a sub agency of HHS.22 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $240,000 in salary from Logistics Health.23 Roughly two weeks before Mr. Thompson joined the company, Logistics Health first reported lobbying HHS with the Senate Office of Public Records.24 While the company insists that Mr. Thompson has never contacted his former agency, since Mr. Thompson has been with the company, its federal contracts have risen precipitously from $19.9 million in 2003 to $104.8 million in 2007.25 As the Wisconsin State Journal noted, Logistics Health founder and chairman “Don Weber has credited the company's recent growth to Thompson's connections in federal government.”26 “Tommy really is able to get us in to see the right people, the decision makers,” Mr. Weber told the La Crosse Tribune in September 2006.27 “If I were to go in a try to get a meeting with some of the decision makers in these organizations, it would take me a lifetime,”

18

Mark Benjamin, Feeding Off The Pentagon, Salon.com, December 4, 2007 (Exhibit

15). Dee J. Hall, Patients Report Problems Getting Reimbursed by Company Headed by Tommy Thompson, Wisconsin State Journal, November 14, 2008 (Exhibit 16).
20 19

Id. Id. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/about.html (Exhibit 17) Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 18). Hall, Wisconsin State Journal, Nov. 14, 2008. Id. Id.

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

80

he told the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel in February 2006.28 Akin Gump Strauss Hauer and Feld In March 2005, Mr. Thompson became a partner with the Washington, D.C. law firm Akin Gump Strauss Hauer and Feld.29 Mr. Thompson advises the firm’s clients, including hospitals and pharmaceutical companies, about regulation and policy.30 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $1,148,421 in income from Akin Gump.31 Since Mr. Thompson joined Akin Gump, the firm has continued to lobby HHS.32 TGT, LLC. In March 2005, Mr. Thompson joined TGT, LLC as a Member.33 The company is located in Madison, Wisconsin.34 Akcess Acquisition Group / Cherokee Investment Partners Mr. Thompson is president of the Akcess Acquisition Group, a subsidiary of the holding company Akcess Pacific Group.35 In October 2006, Cherokee Investments partnered with the Akcess Acquisition Group to developed housing, a hotel and restaurants in Oshkosh, Wisconsin along the Fox River.36 In the fall of 2008, the plan fell through.37 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $5,000 in consulting

28

Id.

Patrica Simms, Thompson Will Join Accounting, Law Firms, Wisconsin State Journal, March 9, 2005 (Exhibit 19).
30

29

Tommy Thompson Becomes Consultant, UPI, March 9, 2005 (Exhibit 20). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 21) Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id.

31

32

33

34

Joe Grundle, Oshkosh’s Waterfront Project Proposed, Daily Reporter, October 17, 2006 (Exhibit 22).
36

35

Id.

Jennifer K. Woldt, City Seeks Hotel Developer, Oshkosh Northwestern, November 22, 2008 (Exhibit 23).

37

81

fees from Cherokee Investments.38 While Cherokee Investment Partners employs lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records did not indicate any had registered to lobby HHS since 2005.39 Board of Directors / Advisor Positions Centene Corporation In April 2005, Mr. Thompson was elected to the board of directors of Centene Corporation, a company that runs Medicaid health plans in Wisconsin and six other states.40 In April 2007, Mr. Thompson became a joint-chair of Centene Corp.’s new government and regulatory affairs committee.41 The committee will assist Centene’s board of directors in “identifying, evaluating, and monitoring legislative, political and regulatory trends and in addressing public policy issues and concerns that affect or could affect Centene’s business activities, performance, or public image.”42 According to the personal financial disclosure form filed during his presidential campaign, Mr. Thompson received $217,917 worth of the company’s stock and director’s fees.43 While Centene has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any have registered to lobby HHS.44 Verichip Corporation In April 2005, Mr. Thompson joined Verichip Corporation’s board of directors.45 The company offers the first and only FDA approved human implantable RFID microchip.46 In 2006,

38

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 24).

39

Guy Boulton, Thompson Tapped to Serve on Board of Centene Corp, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, April 23, 2005 (Exhibit 25). Press Release, Centene Corporation Announces Action Taken During Annual Meeting of Stockholders, Business Wire, April 26, 2007 (Exhibit 26).
42 41

40

Id. Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 27). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

43

44

45

Press Release, Former HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson Joins Board of Verichip, Wireless News, July 7, 2005 (Exhibit 28).

46

82

he was paid $40,000 and as of June 2007, held 55,556 shares of the firm’s stock.47 Mr. Thompson resigned from Verichip in March, 2007 to focus on his run for the presidency.48 McKinley Reserve In May 2005, Mr. Thompson joined private investment firm McKinley Reserve as a senior advisor.49 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson earned $150,000 in consulting fees from the firm.50 While McKinley has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any have registered to lobby HHS.51 Careview Communications, LLC In June 2005, Mr. Thompson joined Careview Communications, LLC., as chairman of the board.52 According to the company’s website, it offers “a secure real-time video monitoring system that connects the patient to the nursing station for continual observation by the nursing staff without having to constantly run back and forth to the patient’s room while recording all movement within the patient’s room for the length of the patient’s stay.”53 In November 2007, Careview was purchased by Ecogate, Inc., a corporation “primarily engaged in the business of industrial dust collection systems.”54 AGA Medical In August 2005, Mr. Thompson became chairman and the director of the board of AGA

Cary Spivak, Among Thompson’s Jobs, A Few Haven’t Worked Out, Milwaukee Journal Sentinal, June 10, 2007 (Exhibit 29).
48

47

Id. Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 30). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://www.care-view.com/about.php (Exhibit 31).

49

50

51

52

53

Press Release, CareView Communications, CareView Communications, Inc. Acquired by Public Company, Business Wire, November 14, 2007 (Exhibit 32).

54

83

Medical,55 a medical technology company,56 that makes cardiovascular devices to treat infants with congenital birth defects.57 AGA agreed to a five year agreement with Mr. Thompson and Akin Gump, in which the company pays an annual retainer of $120,000.58 In addition, between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson earned $180,000 in director’s fees from AGA.59 MDVIP Inc. In July 2005, MDVIP Inc. announced Mr. Thompson was to serve as chairman of the MDVIP committee on cost reduction through preventive healthcare.60 The company promotes “concierge” medicine, where patients pay a fixed yearly fee to have greater access to doctors.61 C.R. Bard Inc. In August, 2005, C.R. Bard Inc. announced Mr. Thompson had been elected to its board of directors.62 C.R. Bard is multinational medical technology developer specializing in the “fields of vascular, urology, oncology and surgical specialty products.”63 According to a financial disclosure form Mr. Thompson filed during his presidential campaign, Mr. Thompson owned between $100,000 and $250,000 worth of the company’s stock.64 While C.R. Bard has employed lobbyists in the past, documents obtained through the

Christopher Snowbeck, AGA Medical Files IPO to Raise $200M, St. Paul Pioneer Press, June 23, 2008 (Exhibit 33).
56

55

http://www.amplatzer.com/about_aga/tabid/57/default.aspx (Exhibit 34).

Katherine Skiba, No Slowing Down for Tommy Thompson, Duluth News-Tribune, March 5, 2006 (Exhibit 35).
58

57

Snowbeck, St. Paul Pioneer Press (Minnesota), Jun. 23, 2008. Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

59

Press Release, Tommy G. Thompson, Former U.S. Secretary of Health & Human Services To Chair MDVIP Committee on Cost Reduction Through Preventative Healthcare, July 6, 2005 (Exhibit 36). Kathleen Gallagher, Doctor to Open ‘Concierge’ Practice Patients Pay Fixed Fee to Have Greater Access to Medical Care, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 5, 2008 (Exhibit 37).
62 61

60

Garden State Briefs, Star-Ledger (Newark, New Jersey), August 17, 2005 (Exhibit 38).

C.R. Bard, Inc.; Tommy G. Thompson Elected to Board by Medical Technologies Developer, Physician Law Weekly, September 14, 2005 (Exhibit 39).
64

63

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

84

Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any had registered to lobby HHS.65 Organ Transport Systems Inc. In August 2005, Mr. Thompson joined Organ Transport Systems Inc. as a director.66 The company is a medical device manufacturer that assists in the transportation of human organs for transplants.67 Armada Media Corporation In August 2005, Mr. Thompson joined Armada Media Corporation as board chairman.68 The company owns and operates radio stations in Wisconsin, Michigan, Nebraska and South Dakota.69 In May 2006, it was reported Armada had struck a deal to buy six radio stations in Aberdeen, South Dakota.,70 for which it was to pay $9.2 million.71 The initial deal, however, stalled after Nick Hurtgen’s involvement in the deal was publicized.72 Mr Hurtgen, a former political ally and close personal friend of Mr. Thompson, owned 12.5% of Aberdeen,73 and at the time of the deal was under indictment for “seven counts of assisting in a kickback scheme so his employer would receive the financing work for a hospital construction project in Illinois.”74 To remove the obstacles posed by Mr. Hurtgen’s indictment, the remaining investors purchased Mr.

65

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 40). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://allezoe.com/default.aspx (Exhibit 41). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

66

67

68

Wisconsin State Journal, Nov. 16, 2008; Aberdeen Radio Stations Being Sold, Associated Press, May 13, 2006 (Exhibit 42).
70

69

Associated Press, May 13, 2006.

Cary Spivak and Dan Bice, Thompson, Indicted Pal Together Again, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 24, 2006 (Exhibit 43). Cary Spivak and Dan Bice, Thompson Crony Cut from Deal, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 27, 2006 (Exhibit 44). Cary Spivak and Dan Bice, Friend’s Troubles Give Radio Deal a Bad Spin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, June 30, 2006 (Exhibit 45).
74 73 72

71

Spivak and Bice, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, May 24, 2006.

85

Hurtgen’s shares.75 Catalina Health Resource / Catalina Marketing Corporation In August 2005, Mr. Thompson joined Catalina Health Resource as chairman of its national advisory council.76 Catalina Heath Resource is a division of Catalina Marketing Corporation,77 and produces health care brochures for patients.78 Since Mr. Thompson joined Catalina, the company has continued to lobby HHS through Akin Gump,79 where Mr. Thompson is a partner.80 ProCure Treatment Center, Inc. In October 2005, Mr. Thompson joined ProCure Treatment Center, Inc. as a director.81 The company specializes in providing cancer patients with proton therapy.82 While ProCure Treatment Center has employed lobbyists, documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate any have registered to lobby HHS.83 Unisys In October 2005, Mr. Thompson joined the Unisys Corporation, serving on the global public sector advisory board.84 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $5,000 in advisory fees for his service to the board.85 In the roughly five years before Mr. Thompson joined Unisys, the company had not registered to lobby HHS, but after Mr.

75

Spivak and Bice, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Aug. 27, 2006. Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

76

Press Release, Akin Gump, Catalin Health Resource Announces Tommy Thompson as Chairman of New Advisory Council, PR Newswire, August 25, 2005 (Exhibit 46).
78

77

Wisconsin State Journal, Nov. 16, 2008. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 47). Simms, Wisconsin State Journal, Mar. 9, 2005. Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://www.procurenews.com/ (Exhibit 48). http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=choosefields (Exhibit 49). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id

79

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

Thompson joined the organization, it registered to lobby the agency.86 Picis, Inc. In November 2005, Mr. Thompson joined the medical software provider,87 Picis, Inc. as a director and consultant.88 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson earned $90,000 in consulting fees from the company.89 Alfacell Corporation On January 11, 2006, Mr. Thompson accepted an advisory position with Alfacell Corporation,90 which develops cancer therapeutics and is working on a new drug for which it intends to seek FDA approval.91 Pure Bioscience & Enviroguard Sciences In February 2006, Mr. Thompson joined Pure Bioscience’s board of directors.92 Pure Bioscience develops and markets technology based bioscience products that provide nontoxic solutions to health challenges.93 Pure Bioscience entered into a nonexclusive supply and distribution agreement with Enviroguard Sciences LLC under which Enviroguard will market and sell Pure Bioscience’s products.94 Mr. Thompson is a partial owner of Enviroguard Sciences, an industrial inorganic chemicals manufacturer.95 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $237,000 in director’s

86

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 50). http://www.picis.com/about/default.cfm (Exhibit 51). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id.

87

88

89

Tommy Takes Drug Firm Post; Will Advise Alfacell, Capital Times (Madison, Wisconsin), January 11, 2006 (Exhibit 52).
91

90

Id. Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

92

Former U.S. HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson Joins Pure Bioscience Board of Directors, Health & Medicine Week, March 20, 2006 Exhibit 53).
94

93

Id. Id.

95

87

fees from Pure Bioscience.96 According to the personal financial disclosure form filed during his presidential campaign, he owned between $15,001 and $50,000 worth of the company’s stock.97 Voyager Pharmaceutical Corporation In April 2006, Mr. Thompson was added to the board of directors of Voyager Pharmaceutical Corporation, a company that focuses on diseases of aging.98 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $22,400 in director’s fees from Voyager.99 Constella Group In May 2006, Mr. Thompson joined the Constella Group’s advisory board as Chairman.100 The Constella Group provides professional health services.101 In May 2007, a congressional subcommittee was formed to investigate possible conflicts of interest involving medical research firms, including Constella.102 It was alleged that Constella had worked for federal health regulators while also working for the drug companies the government was charged with regulating.103 Beginning in 2006, the Constella Group began lobbying HHS through Akin Gump,104 where Mr. Thompson is a partner.105 Constella stopped lobbying HHS by the end of 2007.106
96

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id.

97

Voyager Pharmaceutical Adds Tommy G. Thompson, Five More To Board of Directors, Health Insurance Law Weekly, April 16, 2006 (Exhibit 54).
99

98

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id.

100

Constella Group Convenes Advisory Board Led by Tommy G. Thompson, Biotech Week, June 5, 2006 (Exhibit 55). Susanne Rust and Cary Spivak, Panel Will Investigate Research Firm’s Ethics; Conflicts Of Interest Exist, Presidential Candidate Says, Milwaukee Journal Sentinal, May 5, 2007 (Exhibit 56).
103 102

101

Id. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 57) Simms, Wisconsin State Journal, Mar. 9, 2005.

104

105

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1; Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, Lobbying Termination Report, Client: Constella Group, LLC., 2007

106

88

IGP Technologies Inc. From June 2006 until May 2007, Mr. Thompson served as a director of IGP Technologies.107 As part of his work for IGP, Mr. Thompson helped pitch, SelfMD, a website that helps people self diagnose medical conditions.108 Prematics In July 2006, Mr. Thompson joined Prematic’s advisory board.109 Prematics is currently marketing an electronic systems for pharmacies to manage medication.110 Whey Cool Healthy Foods In September 2006, Mr. Thompson joined the board of Whey Cool Health Foods,111 a health foods company that infuses its products with a whey protein blend.112 Medco Health Solutions On January 20, 2006, Mr. Thompson earned a $26,130 honoraria from Medco from a speech.113 Later that year, on November 19, 2006, Medco Health Solutions, a pharmacy benefit manager, announced Mr. Thompson had been elected to the company’s board of directors.114 According to the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, “The company pays its directors $40,000 a year, plus another $1,000 for each board and committee meeting that they actually attend. On top of that, Medco directors each receive 6,000 free shares of stock when joining the board, plus options to buy another 8,000 shares. Afterward, they're given 8,000 options and 2,000 shares of

(Exhibit 58).
107

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

Katherine M. Skiba, Thompson Pitches New Health Care Software, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, September 8, 2006 (Exhibit 59).
109

108

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://www.prematics.com/aboutPrematics.html (Exhibit 60). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://www.wheycool.com/about_whey_cool.aspx (Exhibit 61). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

110

111

112

113

Former U.S. HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson Elected to Medco Board of Directors, Aging & Elder Health Week, November 19, 2006 (Exhibit 62).

114

89

free stock annually.”115 Just a few days later, Mr. Thompson left the board as a result of a conflict with one of his employers.116 Since Mr. Thompson joined Medco Health Solutions, the company has continued to lobby HHS.117 Flambeau River Papers In October 2006, Mr. Thompson joined Flambeau River Papers as chairman of the board. Nick Hurtgen, a former aide to Mr. Thompson, was a minority shareholder.119
118

In the 2007-2009 biennial Wisconsin State Budget, Flambeau River Papers received a $5 million award to help reduce fossil fuel usage,120 a million dollar increase over its 2006 award.121 Before Mr. Thompson joined the company, Flambeau had not registered to lobby, but after Mr. Thompson joined the organization it began to lobby the federal government.122 Documents indicate it had not registered to lobby HHS.123 The company has been seeking federal grants to make ethanol and biodiesel and had lobbied the Department of Energy.124 In July 2008, the company won a $30 million grant from the Department of Energy.125

Cary Spivak and Dan Bice, Casino Promoter Puts Cash On Doyle, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, November 1, 2006 (Exhibit 63). Cary Spivak, Among Thompson’s Jobs, A Few Haven’t Worked Out, Milwaukee Journal Sentinal, June 10, 2007 (Exhibit 64).
117 116

115

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 65). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

118

Daniel Bice, No Quarter; Jim Helping Tommy? Strange, but Maybe, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, October 18, 2007 (Exhibit 66). Press Release, Governor Doyle Announces Renewable Energy Advance at Flambeau River Papers, States New Service, August 13, 2008 (Exhibit 67).
121 120

119

Bice, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Oct. 18, 2007. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 68). Id.

122

123

Id.; Joel Dresang and Thoas Content, Flambeau Fails to Wing Grant: Park Falls Paper Mill Plans to Develop Biodiesel Refinery, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, April 19, 2008 (Exhibit 69). Park Falls Paper Mill Gets Biorefinery Grant, La Crosse Tribune, July 16, 2008 (Exhibit 70).
125

124

90

HealthMarkets In November 2006, Mr. Thompson was appointed to the regulatory advisory panel for HealthMarkets, a Texas-based health insurer.126 Global Renewable Although Mr. Thompson reported on financial disclosure forms that he had joined Global Renewable in January 2007,127 by November 2006, Global Renewable had proposed constructing a $195 million ethanol plant in Sharon, Wisconsin under Mr. Thompson’s leadership.128 Global Renewable is a partnership between Mr. Thompson, who serves as chairman and Jeffery Knight, who headed the Governor’s ethanol coalition under Mr. Thompson’s gubernatorial administration.129 Kikkoman Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $50,000 in consulting fees from Kikkoman,130 the soy sauce manufacturer.131 According to a financial disclosure form Mr. Thompson filed to run for President, he owned between $1,001 and $15,000 worth of the company’s stock.132 TA Associates Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $50,000 in consulting fees from TA Associates,133 a private equity firm that had invested $72.5 million in Logistics

Healthmarkets Form Regulatory Advisory Panel, BestWire, November 22, 2006 (Exhibit 71).
127

126

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

Press Release, 105-Million Gallon Ethanol Plant Proposed by Global Renewable LLC, PR Newswire, November 24, 2006 (Exhibit 72). Ethanol Plant Receives Permits, Financing, Milwaukee Business Journal, June 21, 2007 (Exhibit 73).
130 129

128

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://www.kikkoman.com/index.shtml (Exhibit 74) Id. Id.

131

132

133

91

Health in December 2003.134 Mr. Thompson has been president of Logistics Health since 2005. MegaLife & Health Insurance Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $150,000 in consulting fees from MegaLife & Health Insurance.135 Heritage Medical Systems Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson earned $100,000 in consulting fees from Heritage Medical Systems.136 According to the personal financial disclosure form Mr. Thompson filed during his presidential campaign, the company is located in Marina del Ray, California.137 Novartis Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson earned $200,000 in consulting fees from pharmaceutical company Novartis.138 According to the personal financial disclosure form he filed during his presidential campaign, Mr. Thompson also owned between $250,001 and $500,000 worth of the company’s stock.139 Since Mr. Thompson joined Novartis, the firm has continued to lobby HHS.140 Ibis BioSciences Ibis BioSciences manufactures machines that quickly identify microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungus and human DNA.141 Ibis BioSciences is the wholly owned subsidiary of

Steve Cahalan, Farming, War Shaped Logistics Health Inc. Founder, La Crosse Tribune, September 3, 2006 (Exhibit 75).
135

134

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id. Id.

136

137

http://www.novartis.com/products/pharmaceuticals.shtml; Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007 (Exhibit 76).
139

138

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 77). http://www.ibisbiosciences.com/pages.asp?ID=8 (Exhibit 78).

140

141

92

Isis Pharmaceuticals.142 Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson collected $5,000 in consulting fees from Ibis Pharmaceuticals.143 HealthShares In March 2007, HealthShares appointed Mr. Thompson chairman of the board of HealthShares.144 After Mr. Thompson declared his candidacy for the presidency in April 2007, he left the board.145 SpectraScience In September 2007, Mr. Thompson was elected to the board of SpectraScience Inc, a company developing minimally invasive systems to detect cancer.146 Harmony Information Systems, Incorporated In November 2007, Mr. Thompson was elected to the board of Harmony Information Systems, Incorporated.147 The company produces software for the health and human services industry.148 In April 2008, it was discovered that a computer system produced by Harmony Information Systems that managed sensitive personal information about patients had a “serious security hole.”149 Harmony Information Systems was working to fix the problem and announced that they were in the process of improving their security measures.150

142

http://www.ibisbiosciences.com/pages.asp?ID=16 (Exhibit 79). Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

143

Press Release, Former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tommy G. Thompson Appointed Chairman of HealthShares Exchange Traded Funds, PR Newswire, March 21, 2007 (Exhibit 80).
145

144

Spivak, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Jun. 10, 2007.

Thompson Joins San Diego Firm’s Board, Milwaukee Business Journal, September 25, 2007 (Exhibit 81). Erin Killian, Harmony Information Puts Former HHS Secretary Thompson on Board, Washington Business Journal, November 27, 2007 (Exhibit 82). Thompson Joins Board of Virginia Firm, Milwaukee Business Journal, November 27, 2007 (Exhibit 83). “Significant Security Hole” Found in Database, Associated Press & Local Wire, April 23, 2008 (Exhibit 84).
150 149 148 147

146

Id.

93

BidRx.com In February 2008, BidRx.com announced Mr. Thompson had been appointed an advisor to the company.151 According to its press release, the company’s website “helps consumers get instant bids from pharmacies on prescriptions.”152 Non-Profit Organizations Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Mr. Thompson served as chairman of the board of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria during his tenure at HHS.153 He retains the title of chairman emeritus.154 In early 2006, Mr. Thompson led a Center for Strategic and International Studies delegation on HIV/AIDS prevention in Vietnam in Ho Chi Minh City.155 The delegation was looking into the causes of the HIV pandemic in Vietnam and evaluated the country’s efforts in fighting HIV/AIDS.156 Commission on No Child Left Behind In February 2006, the Aspen Institute, a public policy think tank, launched the bipartisan Commission on No Child Left Behind.157 The panel, of which Mr. Thompson was a co-chair, was to “examine the evidence about the law’s effects.”158 In February 2007, the Commission issued its report, making 75 recommendations to Congress on how to proceed with the bill Press Release, BidRx Appoints Tommy G. Thompson as an Advisor; Former Wisconsin Governor and Former U.S. Secretary of Health & Human Services Continues to Fight Against the High Cost of Medications, MarketWire, February 26, 2008 (Exhibit 85).
152 151

Id.

Press Release, Health and Human Services, HHS Secretary Thompson Elected as Chair of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, US Newswire, January 31, 2003 (Exhibit 86).
154

153

http://www.akingump.com/tthompson/ (Exhibit 87).

Vietnam, US Exchange Experience in HIV/AIDS Control, Thai Press Reports, January 16, 2006 (Exhibit 88).
156

155

Id.

Greg Toppo, Bipartisan Pan to Study No Child Left Behind, USA Today, February 14, 2006 (Exhibit 89).
158

157

http://www.aspeninstitute.org/atf/cf/%7BDEB6F227-659B-4EC8-8F84-8DF23CA704F5%7D/C ommissionFactSheet_FinalPDF020807.pdf (Exhibit 90)

94

reauthorization.159 Since issuing its report, the commission has remained active in pushing for its recommendations.160 On January 20, 2006, Mr. Thompson earned a $10,000 honoraria from the Aspen Institute.161 Health Care America In April 2006, Health Care America was launched with Mr. Thompson on the group’s advisory board.162 The group is funded in part by the pharmaceutical industry and was active in countering claims made in the Michael Moore film, ‘Sicko.’163 Friends of New Orleans In August 2006, Mr. Thompson joined the board of the non-profit Friends of New Orleans.164 Coalition for a Stronger FDA In September 2006, Mr. Thompson helped launch the non-profit, Coalition for a Stronger FDA.165 According to official forms, Mr. Thompson has been co-chair of the Coalition since February 2006.166 The organization, which promotes increased funding for the FDA, is registered to lobby HHS, of which the FDA is a part.167 The Global Network for Neglected Tropical Diseases / Sabin Vaccine Institute

Nancy Zuckerbrod, Bipartisan Commission Studying Education Laws Calls for Stepping-Up Teacher Quality, Associated Press, February 13, 2007 (Exhibit 91). Alyson Klein, Groups Seek to Keep Spotlight on Issues of Testing, Standards, Education Week, September 24, 2008 (Exhibit 92).
161 160

159

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Kate Ackley, Health Group Set To Launch, Roll Call, April 4, 2006 (Exhibit 93).

162

Elizabeth Solomont, Big Pharma Readies Efford To Counter Moore’s ‘Sicko’, New York Sun, June 20, 2007 (Exhibit 94).
164

163

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

Rita Rubin, New Coalition Urges More Money for FDA, USA Today, September 25, 2006 (Exhibit 95).
166

165

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007.

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1; http://www.fda.gov/ (Exhibit 96).

167

95

In July 2008, Mr. Thompson announced that he would be the new global ambassador for the Global Network for Neglected Tropical Diseases, a “major program” of the Sabin Vaccine Institute, focused on eliminating neglected tropical diseases.168 Residential Real Estate Riverwood Corporation In 1994, Mr. Thompson became an investor in Riverwood Corporation,169 According to the personal financial disclosure form filed during his presidential campaign, he owned between $50,001 and $100,000 worth of the company’s stock.170 Other Enterprises Washington Speaker’s Bureau After leaving President Bush’s cabinet Mr. Thompson joined the lecture circuit. Between January 2006 and August 2007, Mr. Thompson earned $540,000 in speaking fees from the Washington Speaker’s Bureau.171 It also appears that he earned money from speaking engagements booked out side of the agency. On January 12, 2006, Mr. Thompson received a $2,000 honoraria from Managed Market Resources for a speech.172 On June 12, 2006, Mr. Thompson earned a $25,000 honoraria from APIC for a speech. Harvard In the first year since leaving the Bush administration, Mr. Thompson, a visiting professor at Harvard University, taught a half-credit, six session class on “Global Health Diplomacy and Politics.”173 Racehorses In May 2005, and again in August 2005, Mr. Thompson became a part-owner of two

Press Release, The Global Network for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Former HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson Assumes New Role as Global Ambassador of the Global Network for Neglected Tropical Diseases, July 16, 2008 (Exhibit 97).
169

168

Id. Id. Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id. Skiba, Duluth News-Tribune, Mar. 5, 2006.

170

171

172

173

96

different racehorses.174 The partnerships that own the racehorses are respectively named THED, LLC. and 2003 Holy Bull-Iridescence, LLC.175

174

Thompson, Personal Financial Disclosure, 2007. Id.

175

97

Ann Veneman, Former Secretary of Agriculture Ann Veneman served as Secretary of Agriculture between January 20, 20011 and January 21, 2005.2 Ms. Veneman, who was also the first woman to serve in the post, announced she would be stepping down soon after the 2004 elections.3 Her term is noted for the passage of the 2002 Farm Bill.4 UNICEF On January 18th, 2005, U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan officially appointed Ms. Veneman to be chief of UNICEF,5 a position she assumed on May 1, 2005.6 Other Boards and Associations Ms. Veneman serves on the board of the anti-malaria group Malaria No More.7 In addition she serves on the board of the non-partisan civic education group Close-Up.8 She is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.9

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/veneman-bio.html (Exhibit 1).

Id.; Allison A. Freeman, Johanns To Take Helm of USDA Following Senate Vote, Environment and Energy Daily, January 24, 2005 (Exhibit 2). Andrew Martin and Michael Kilian, With Spotlight on Powell, 3 Other Secretaries Quietly Step Down, Chicago Tribune, November 16, 2004 (Exhibit 3).
4 3

2

Id.

Carole Sugarman, Ann Veneman Appointed as UNICEF Chief, Food Chemical News, January 24, 2005 (Exhibit 4).
6

5

http://www.unicef.org/media/media_3496.html (Exhibit 5). http://www.malarianomore.org/who.php (Exhibit 6). http://www.unicef.org/media/media_3496.html http://www.malarianomore.org/who.php

7

8

9

98

Christine Todd Whitman, Former Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency Christine Todd Whitman served as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) between January 31, 20011 and June 27, 2003.2 Ms. Whitman has said that it was Vice President Cheney’s insistence on easing air pollution controls that led her to resign.3 Since her resignation, Ms. Whitman has participated on a number of corporate boards, started her own consulting group, written a book, and started a political action committee. TCAP Partners In 2008, Ms. Whitman signed on to lobby on behalf of Citgo Petroleum.4 Working with her former chief of staff, Ms. Whitman lobbied Gale Norton, Secretary of the Interior.5 She continued on the Citgo lobbying project until June 2005.6 Whitman Strategy Group At the end of 2004, Ms. Whitman founded The Whitman Strategy Group.7 The group offers consulting services to businesses and government agencies on environmental policies, international negotiations, homeland security, and emergency response issues.8 The Whitman Strategy Group has registered to lobby for at least 11 clients since its

1

http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/whitman-bio.html (Exhibit 1).

Jake Tapper, Bush’s EPA Chief Seeks Greener Pastures, Salon.com, May 22, 2003 (Exhibit 2). Jo Becker, Barton Gellman, Leaving No Tracks, Washington Post, June 27, 2007 (Exhibit 3). TCAP Partners, LLC Lobby Registration, Client: Norris, McLaughlin and Marcus, PA, 2004 (Exhibit 4). Judy Sarasohn, Tauzin to Head Trade Group, Washington Post, December 16, 2004 (Exhibit 5). TCAP Partners, LLC Lobby Termination, Client: Norris, McLaughlin and Marcus, PA, 2005 (Exhibit 6). Former New Jersey Governor Starts Consulting Firm, Associated Press State & Local Wire, December 14, 2004 (Exhibit 7).
8 7 6 5 4 3

2

Id.

99

inception.9 Of those, nine had the firm lobby the EPA on their behalf.10 Ms. Whitman personally lobbied for only one company, FMC Corporation - a diversified chemical company.11 She registered to lobby for FMC in February 2005, but she was no longer registered as the company’s lobbyist when Whitman Strategy reported contacting the EPA later in the same year.12 S.C. Johnson and Son, Inc. In November of 2003, S.C. Johnson and Son, Inc. named Ms. Whitman to its board of directors.13 The company, based in Wisconsin, manufactures personal care and household cleaning supplies.14 In June 2006, S.C. Johnson and Son, Inc. was honored by the EPA for using environmentally friendly chemicals in its products.15 While S.C. Johnson and Son, Inc. has employed lobbyists,16 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate that any have contacted the EPA since Ms. Whitman joined the company.17 Texas Instruments In December of 2003, Texas Instruments announced that Ms. Whitman had been elected to its board of directors.18 Texas Instruments is a technology company based in Dallas.19 In July
9

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 8). Id.

10

Whitman Strategy Group, Lobbying Registration, Client: FMC Corporation, 2005 (Exhibit 9). Id.; Whitman Strategy Group, Year-End Lobby Report, Client: FMC Corporation, 2005 (Exhibit 10). Ex-EPA Administrator Picked By S.C. Johnson, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, November 12, 2003 (Exhibit 11).
14 13 12

11

Id.

S.C. Johnson Receives EPA Honor, Milwaukee Business Journal, June 26, 2006 (Exhibit 12). Blank Rome Government Relations, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: SC Johnson & Son Inc., 2007 (Exhibit 13).
17 16

15

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 14).

Press Release, Former EPA Chief Christine Todd Whitman Joins TI Board of Directors, PR Newswire, December 4, 2003 (Exhibit 15).
19

18

Id.

100

2008, the EPA recognized Texas Instruments as a Clean Air Excellence Award winner.20 According to lobbying disclosure forms, since Ms. Whitman joined the Texas Instruments board, the company has lobbied the EPA on environmental and trade issues.21 United Technologies On December 10, 2003, United Technologies named Ms. Whitman to its board of directors.22 United Technologies is a global corporation that provides technology products and service support to the aerospace and commercial building industries.23 In February 2004, United Technologies faced investigations by the EPA for allegedly violating wastewater treatment laws.24 While Ms. Whitman was at United Technologies, the company continued to lobby the EPA.25 CASEnergy Coalition Ms. Whitman joined CASEnergy Coalition as a co-chair at its launch on April 24, 2006.26 CASEnergy Coalition is a group dedicated to promoting nuclear energy through aggressive media, advocacy and education strategies.27 They receive their funding through the Nuclear Energy Institute.28 Since Ms. Whitman joined CASEnergy, the Nuclear Energy Institute continued to lobby the EPA.29

EPA Recognizes Texas Instruments as Clean Air Excellence Award Winner, U.S. Newswire, July 2, 2008 (Exhibit 16). Texas Instruments, Year-End Lobbying Report, Client: Texas Instruments, 2006; Texas Instruments, Mid-Year Lobbying Report, Client: Texas Instruments, 2007 (Exhibit 17). Press Release, Christine Todd Whitman and Harold McGraw III Elected to United Technologies’ Board, PR Newswire, December 10, 2003 (Exhibit 18).
23 22 21

20

Id.

United Technologies Unit Faces Probe, Associated Press Online, February 5, 2004 (Exhibit 19).
25

24

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 20).

Daniel Horner, New Coalition for Nuclear Power Prepares to Debut Next Week, Nucleonics Week, April 20, 2006 (Exhibit 21).
27

26

Id. Id. http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 22).

28

29

101

BP America Ms. Whitman serves on the external advisory board of BP America.30 The board’s mission is to advise and assist the BP America Chairman on business operations.31 BP America is the leading producer of natural gas and oil in America, and is part of BP Inc., one of the world’s largest energy companies.32 Since Ms. Whitman joined BP America, the company has continued to lobby the EPA.33 It’s My Party Too In January of 2005, Ms. Whitman published a book entitled, It’s My Party Too. The book criticizes socially conservative politicians and calls for a more moderate Republican platform.34 That same month, Ms. Whitman also started a political action committee for moderate Republicans called “It’s My Party Too-PAC.”35 Republican Leadership Council (RLC-PAC) In March of 2007, Ms. Whitman, in conjunction with former Senator John Danforth and former Maryland Lieutenant Governor Michael Steele, formed the Republican Leadership Council.36 The Council, which was merged with Ms. Whitman’s political action committee, works to support fiscally conservative and socially tolerant Republican congressional candidates.37

30

BP America, Annual Report 2007 (Exhibit 23). Id.

31

http://www.bp.com/sectiongenericarticle.do?categoryId=9004470&contentId=7008150 (Exhibit 24).
33

32

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=submitSearchRequest (Exhibit 25).

Scott Martelle, Republicans Just Won; Is it 2008 Already?, Los Angeles Times, January 18, 2005 (Exhibit 26). Jeff Schapiro, Waddell Event A Showcase for Centrist Campaign, Richmond Times Dispatch, September 8, 2005; It’s My Party Committee, FEC Form 1, Statement of Organization, January 12, 2005 (Exhibit 27). http://www.republican-leadership.com/aboutus; http://www.republican-leadership.com/bios/christie-whitman (Exhibit 28).
37 36 35

34

Id.

102

Council on Foreign Relations Ms. Whitman is a member of the Council of Foreign Relations.38 The Council on Foreign Relations is a non-profit organization, think tank, and publisher that aims to provide information and a forum to discuss foreign policy choices facing the United States and other countries.39 Oquirrh Institute Ms. Whitman is a member of the The Oquirrh Institute Governors Board.40 The Institute is a nonprofit organization that seeks policy solutions to environmental problems.41 Civic Engagement and Volunteerism Advisory Board at Raritan Valley Community College Ms. Whitman joined the Civic Engagement and Volunteerism Advisory Board of the Raritan Valley Community College on April 29, 200442 The board was formed to guide the College in developing new programs that encourage community service, volunteering, and leadership.43 Millennium Challenge Corporation On June 4, 2004, President Bush nominated Ms. Whitman to serve a three-year term on the board of directors of the Millennium Challenge Corporation.44 The Millennium Challenge Corporation is a U.S. government corporation that works with poor countries to reduce poverty and promote economic growth.45

38

http://www.cfr.org/about/people/board_of_directors.html (Exhibit 29). http://www.cfr.org/about/mission.html (Exhibit 30).

39

Alcoa Distinguished Lecture Series March 28 at Penn State Schuylkill, US State News, February 23, 2007 (Exhibit 31).
41

40

Id.

Press Release, Prominent Leaders Join RVCC Board to Promote Civic Engagement and Volunteerism, Raritan Valley Community College, April 29, 2004 (Exhibit 32).
43

42

Id. Press Release, Personnel Announcement, White House, June 4, 2004 (Exhibit 33). http://www.mca.govon /about/index.php (Exhibit 34).

44

45

103

Cancer Institute of New Jersey Leadership Council On September 14, 2004, Ms. Whitman along with 24 other women from advocacy groups, government, and industry launched the Cancer Institute of New Jersey Leadership Council.46 The Council raises awareness of the institute’s programs on healthcare and seeks to improve underserved populations’ participation in cancer clinical trials.47 National Smart Growth Council In September of 2004, Ms. Whitman joined the National Smart Growth Council as a cochair.48 The National Smart Growth Council is branch of Smart Growth America – a coalition of groups working toward urban redevelopment and pedestrian-friendly communities.49 Eisenhower Fellowships On May 9, 2006, Eisenhower Fellowships announced that Ms. Whitman was among nine new members of the Board of Trustees.50 Eisenhower Fellowships is an international network that fosters connections between current and future leaders of the global community.51 While Eisenhower Fellowships has employed lobbyists,52 documents obtained through the Senate Office of Public Records do not indicate that it has contacted the EPA.53

Sharon Water, Whitman Visits New Brunswick to Seek Recruits to Battle Cancer, Home News Tribune, September 15, 2004 (Exhibit 35).
47

46

Id.

Steve Chambers, National Group Taps Whitman for its Anti-Sprawl Efforts, StarLedger (Newark), September 30, 2004 (Exhibit 36).
49

48

Id.

Eisenhower Fellowships Welcomes New Trustees, PR Newswire US (Philadelphia), May 9, 2006 (Exhibit 37).
51

50

http://eisenhowerfellowships.org/about/about.html (Exhibit 38).

Dan Tate, LLC, Mid-year Lobbying Report, Client: Eisenhower Fellowships, 2006 (Exhibit 39).
53

52

http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields&reset=1 (Exhibit 40).

104

National Parks Conservation Association Ms. Whitman serves on the National Council of the National Parks Conservation Association (NPCA).54 The mission of the NPCA is to “protect and enhance America’s National Parks.”55 Since Ms. Whitman joined NPCA, the association has continued to lobby the EPA.56

54

National Parks Conservation Association, Annual Report 2007 (Exhibit 41). http://www.npca.org/who_we_are/ (Exhibit 42). http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=submitSearchRequest (Exhibit 43).

55

56

105

Robert Zoellick, Former U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick served as U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) from February 6, 20011 until February 22, 2005.2 As USTR, he finished negotiations incorporating China and Taiwan into the World Trade Organization and completed free trade negotiations with countries ranging from Singapore to Morocco, as well as five Central American countries, the Dominican Republic and Bahrain.3 State Department Upon leaving the cabinet Mr. Zoellick was appointed deputy secretary of state.4 While at State, Mr. Zoellick served as the point-person for U.S. policy towards China and Darfur.5 He served in that capacity until June 2006.6 Goldman Sachs After leaving the State Department, Mr. Zoellick took the job of “vice president, international” at investment firm Goldman Sachs.7 While at the firm, Mr. Zoellick was tapped by President Bush to head the World Bank.8 While Mr. Zoellick was at Goldman Sachs, the firm continued to lobby the Office of the USTR9

J.L. Laws, Zoellick Confirmed New U.S. Trade Representative, Environment and Energy Daily, February 7, 2001 (Exhibit 1). Jeffrey Sparshott, Allegier is Trade Representative for Now, Washington Times, February 23, 2005 (Exhibit 2).
3 2

1

Zoellick Gets OK for State Department, Associated Press, February 16, 2005 (Exhibit Id.; Sparshott, Washington Times, Feb. 23, 2005.

3).
4

Doyle McManus, Zoellick, State Dept.’s Strategist on Darfur and China, to Resign, Los Angeles Times, June 20, 2006 (Exhibit 4).
6

5

Id. Id. Bush’s Pick for Bank is on Goodwill Mission, El Paso Times, June 4, 2007 (Exhibit 5). http://soprweb.senate.gov/index.cfm?event=chooseFields (Exhibit 6).

7

8

9

106

World Bank On July 1, 2007, Mr. Zoellick became the 11th World Bank president.10

10

http://go.worldbank.org/IHDUWCAI20 (Exhibit 7).

107

EXHIBITS

To view all the exhibits cited in this report, please visit www.citizensforethics.org

108

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