Carbon dioxide systems Carbon dioxide systems are to comply with 7.

1 in addition to the remaining requirements of this sub-Section. For the purpose of this Chapter, the volume of free carbon dioxide is to be calculated at 0,56 m3/kg. For machinery spaces: y The quantity of carbon dioxide carried is to be sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to the larger of: y 30 per cent of the gross volume of the largest machinery space protected, including the casing; y The fixed piping system is to be such that 85 per cent of the gas can be discharged into the space within two minutes; and y The distribution arrangements are to be such that approximately 15 per cent of the required quantity of carbon dioxide is led to the bilge areas. Two separate controls are to be provided for releasing carbon dioxide into a protected space and each is to ensure the activation of the alarm. One control is to be used to discharge the gas from its storage cylinder(s). A second control is to be used for opening the valve of the piping which conveys the gas into the protected space. The two controls are to be located inside a release box clearly identified for the particular space. If the box containing the controls is to be locked, a key to the box is to be in a break -glass type enclosure conspicuously located adjacent to the box. There is to be a dedicated release box for each protected space, in which personnel normally work or to which they have access, see also 7.1.7. The space served is to be identified at the release box. Distribution pipes for carbon dioxide are not to be smaller than 20 mm bore. High-expansion foam systems Any required fixed high-expansion foam system in machinery spaces is to be capable of rapidly discharging through fixed discharge outlets a quantity of f oam sufficient to fill the greatest space to be protected at a rate of at least 1 m in depth per minute. The quantity of foam-forming liquid available is to be sufficient to produce a volume of foam equal to five times the volume of the largest space to be protected. The expansion ratio of the foam is not to exceed 1000 to 1. Alternative arrangements and discharge rates will be permitted provided that equivalent protection is achieved. Supply ducts for delivering foam, air intakes to the foam generator and the number of foam-generating units are to be such as will provide effective foam production and distribution. The arrangement of the foam generator delivery ducting is to be such that a fire in the protected space will not affect the foam -generating equipment. The foam generator, its sources of power supply, foam -forming liquid and means of controlling the system are to be readily accessible and simple to operate and are to be grouped in as few locations as possible at positions not likely to be cut off b y fire in the protected space. Foam concentrates carried for use in fixed foam fire -extinguishing systems are to be of an approved type. They are to be tested at least twice during each five year period to verify that they remain fit for service. Evidence in the form of a report from the foam manufacturer or an independent laboratory will be accepted. Pressure water-spraying systems Any required fixed pressure water -spraying fire-extinguishing system in machinery spaces is to be provided with spraying nozzl es of an approved type. The number and arrangement of the nozzles is to be such as to ensure an effective average distribution of water of at least five litres per square metre per minute in the spaces to be protected. Where increased application rates ar e considered necessary,

but if it is dependent upon power being supplied from the emergency generator. at the necessary pressure. the distribution valves of which are to be operated from easily accessible positions outside the spaces to be protected and which are not to be readily cut off by fire in the protected space.4. valves and pump.4. The pump is to be capable of simultaneously supplying. all sections of the system in any one c ompartment to be protected. and the pump supplying the water for the system is to be put automatically into action by a pressure drop in the system.728 will be accepted or equivalent. . Nozzles are to be fitted above bilges.7. it is to be so situated that a fire in the protected space will not affect the air supply to the machinery. tank tops and other areas over which oil fuel is liable to spread and also above other specific fire hazards in the machinery spaces.1 to 7. and amendments thereto contained in MSC/Circ. that generator is to be arranged to start automatically in case of main power failure so that power for the pump required by 7.these will be specially considered. When the pump is driven by independent internal combustion machinery. the arrangement described in MSC/Circ. It is not to be possible for a fire in the space(s) protected by the water -spraying system to put the system out of action. As an alternative to 7. The pump and its controls are to be installed outside the space(s) to be protected. The pump may be driven by independent internal combustion type machinery.668.4. Precautions are to be taken to prevent the n ozzles from becoming clogged by impurities in the water or corrosion of the piping. nozzles.5 is immediately available. The system may be divid ed into sections. The system is to be kept charged at the necess ary pressure.

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