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CONTENT REPUBLIC OF PANAMA — CULTURAL BACKGROUND TRAVEL Passport, Visas, Health Precautions Insurance, Pack your Bags Food and Accommodations, Upon your Arrival RULES TIPS AND RECOMMENDATIONS GENERAL ITINERARY COMMUNITY INVESTMENT FUND (CIF) PROJECT INFORMATION Project Profile Important Information Images PARTNER’S INFORMATION CONTACT INFO
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GENERAL COUNTRY INFORMATION
Literacy Rate: 90% Weather: The weather is tropical, and uniform throughout the year. The average temperature is 27°C. Panama is located in between Colombia (W) and Costa Rica (E), bordering the Caribbean Sea (N) and the Pacific Ocean. (S) Panama is a constitutional democracy with an executive branch led by a president who is elected to a 5-year term, a unicameral legislature, and judicial branch. The country is divided into 9 provinces and 4 territories called comarcas. Panama has a rapidly developing economy but suffers from a weak, nontransparent judiciary. Outside the Panama City area, which has many first-class hotels and restaurants, tourist facilities vary in quality. The U.S. dollar is the paper currency of Panama, and is also referred to as the Panama Balboa. Panama mints its own coinage.
Official Name: Republic of Panama. Capital: Panama City Nationality: Panamanian Population: 3,410,676 (2010 est.) Land Area: 29,340 sq mi (75,991 sq Km) Age Distribution (%): 0-14 years 37.0%, 15-59 years 56.3%, 60+ years 6.7%
There are 9 provinces and 7 indigenous communities (distributed in 4 comarcas) Comarcas are “indigenous reserves” where 7 indigenous groups in Panama reside. The 7 indigenous groups are: Kuna, Ngöbe, Buglé, Emberá, Wounaan, Bri Bri and Naso. The comarca de Kuna Yala, better known as “San Blas” by foreigners, is home to the Kuna. They run the islands of San Blas with minimal interference from the national go-
vernment. Known for their tenacity and ingenuity, they enjoy one of the greatest degrees of political autonomy of any indigenous group in Latin America.
The “Pollera” is Panama’s National Dress. The “Montuno” is Panama’s National Males outfit.
Panama’s National Flower: “Holly Spirit Flower” (notice inside it looks like it has a dove)
Red Color stands for the blood of our leaders who fought for the independence. The red star stands for the liberal party. The blue color stands for the seas we have. The blue star stands for the conservative party. 2
Panama’s Shield or Armors
Panama’s National Bird The Harpy Eagle
The “Dirty Devils” (Diablicos Sucios)
GOOD TO KNOW FACTS
Panama has the second most unequal income distribution in Latin America. About 30% of the population lives in poverty, primarily concentrated in rural areas. The wealthiest 20% of Panamanians control more than 50% of the country's wealth, while the poorest 40% only control 12%. Colon, Panama’s second largest city, has the highest rates of poverty and crime in the country. In Colon, unemployment is estimated to be 50% among youth between the ages of 15 to 25. The poorest group of people is the indigenous native people, who make up only 8% of the population. This minority group lives in remote areas of the country where access to education and health care is limited. About 17% of the overall population is undernourished and almost half of all Panamanian children are poor. Overall, 7.4% of the population is living on less than $1 a day. According to Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index, Panama is ranked 84 out of 163 countries. Major Exports include: Banana, shrimp, sugar and coffee.
“LA INVASIÓN” - DECEMBER 20TH, 1989
zens in Panama. In his statement, Bush claimed that Noriega had declared that a state of war existed between the United States and Panama and that he also threatened the lives of the approximately 35,000 US citizens living there. There had been numerous clashes between U.S. and Panamanian forces; one US Marine had been killed a few days earlier and several incidents of harassment of US citizens had taken place. - Defending democracy and human rights in Panama. - Combating drug trafficking. Panama had become a center for drug money laundering and a transit point for drug trafficking to the United States and Europe. - Protecting the integrity of the Torrijos-Carter Treaties. Members of Congress and others in the U.S. political establishment claimed that Noriega threatened the neutrality of the Panama Canal and that the United States had the right under the treaties to intervene militarily to protect the Panama canal.
The official United States justification for the invasion was articulated by President George H. W. Bush on the morning of December 20, 1989, a few hours after the start of the operation. President Bush listed four reasons for the invasion: - Safeguarding the lives of U.S. citi-
Key Events in Panama
HIGHLIGHT Panama becomes independent of Spain, but joins the confederacy of Gran Colombia, which also comprises Co1821 lombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. 1830 Panama becomes part of Colombia following the collapse of Gran Colombia. 1846 Panama signs treaty with US allowing it to build a railway across the isthmus. Panama splits from Colombia and becomes fully independent. US buys rights to build Panama Canal and is given 1903 control of the Canal Zone in perpetuity. 1914 Panama Canal completed. 1939 Panama ceases to be a US protectorate. General Omar Torrijos Herrera, the National Guard chief, overthrows the elected president and imposes a dicta1968-81 torship. 1981 Torrijos dies in plane crash. Former intelligence chief and one-time US Central Intelligence Agency informant Manuel Noriega becomes 1983 head of the National Guard, builds up the size of the force, which he renames the Panama Defense Forces, and greatly increases its power over Panama's political and economic life. 1988 US charges Noriega with drug smuggling; Noriega declares state of emergency in the wake of a failed coup. Opposition wins parliamentary elections, but Noriega declares results invalid. Noriega declares "state of war" in 1989 the face of increased threats by Washington. US invades Panama, ousts Noriega and replaces him with Guillermo Endara. 1991 Parliament approves constitutional reforms, including abolition of standing army; privatisation begins. US court finds Noriega guilty of drug offences and sentences him to 40 years imprisonment, to be served in a US 1992 prison. 1999 Mireya Moscoso becomes Panama's first woman president. Panama takes full control of the Panama Canal, ending nearly a century of American jurisdiction over one of the 1999 world's most strategic waterways. 2004 Panama Canal earns record revenues of $1 billion for the financial year. Voters in a referendum back a $5.2bn plan to upgrade the Panama Canal. The scheme aims to double the capac2006 ity of the waterway. 2006 Panama and the US agree on a free trade deal. 2007 Work to widen Panama Canal begins. A US federal appeals court says Panama's ex-leader, Manuel Noriega, can be extradited to France. Noriega was 2009 released from a Florida prison in September 2008 after serving a 17-year sentence for drug trafficking. YEAR
Source: BBC News
PANAMA IS VERY SAFE COMPARED TO
OTHER CENTRAL AMERICAN COUNTRIES ies, brigade members should take precautions against theft, stick to well-traveled areas and be alert to pickpockets. Do not display unnecessary signs of affluence or carry large of sums of cash, and be aware of your surroundings when using ATMs in public areas. Demonstrations and protest marches over various social and political issues occasionally occur in Panama City, especially near the state university, and on main streets and highways. Brigades are always accompanied by local guides and we advise members to stick together while exploring the city. For the latest security information, U.S. citizens traveling abroad should regularly monitor the Department of State's Bureau of Consular Affairs' website, which contains current the Travel Warnings and Travel Alerts.
Ave. Balboa, Panama City
Although the security situation is stable, Brigade members should exercise caution due to high crime rates. As in most large cit-
PASSPORTS & VISAS
You need an up-to-date passport (at least six m o n t h s valid ) to travel to Panama –check the expiration date! Before leaving, make two copies of the inside page of your passport. Leave one copy with a trusted individual at your university (i.e. an advisor) so that it can be faxed to you in case you lose the original. Stash one copy in your wallet and have it on you at all times. If you have a US Passport you don't need a Visa. If you don’t, please visit the following website to make sure you have the correct visa: www.embassyofpanama.org/ cms/immigration3.php
CARRY A COPY OF YOUR PASSPORT WITH YOU EVERYTIME WE MOVE FROM PLACE TO PLACE.
vice on vaccinations and health precautions before leaving the states. If you have a medical condition, you should also share your travel plans with any doctors you are currently seeing for other medical reasons.
DON´T FORGET YOUR MOSQUITO REPELENT (DEET > 30%)
Vaccines our volunteers need:
Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Tetanus Typhoid Malaria Every volunteer should obtain Typhoid and oral Malaria vaccines. Hepatitis A, B, and tetanus
You should always check with your personal physician for ad-
vaccinations should already have been received if attending school in the U.S., however some may need these as well.
If you need HEP A and HEP B, they are given in doses that are
months apart, so you will need as much time as possible to complete these. However, if only one or two doses are received before departure for Panama, this is okay, and they should receive the final dose(s) upon return to the U.S. Vaccinations can usually be obtained at the university health clinic, through each volunteer’s personal health care provider, or through a travel clinic. For more information about ne-
cessary vaccinations, please see the CDC's website: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/ destinations/panama.aspx
EMERGENCY PLAN FOR EACH BRIGADE, MEANING ACCESS TO A LOCAL CLINIC, HOSPITAL AND AVAILABLE PHYSICIAN IS SECURED PRIOR TO CONFIRMING A
while on their Brigade. GB Travel will handle the arrangements for this policy for all Brigaders. Travel insurance is over and above the price of the air ticket and is non-refundable once paid. Insurance Cost: $35 per person It is mandatory that all travelers purchase travel insurance that includes coverage for medical attention and medical evacuation Coverage: $25,000 Emergency Medical/ Dental Coverage
$100,000 Emergency Medical Transportation 24-hour Hotline Assistance
PACK YOUR BAGS!
Passport (Original & 2 copies) Other important documents (e.g. Visas—if needed) Spending money ($200 should be plenty) Bug spray (>30% deet) Sleeping bag, blanket & flashlight. Light rainy jackets Shorts & t-shirts Camera/ Video camera Water bottle Shower sandals, towel, toiletries Swim suit (It’s a must!) Closed-toed shoes (sneakers) Pen and notebook Long-sleeves shirt & below-theknee pants for Indigenous Meetings (if applicable).
Contact your travel advisor for the lost baggage policy.
Pack light, yet remember the essentials.
Lightweight pants, light sweatshirt Hat, sunglasses, sun block
Panama is hot, humid, and wet. When on community visits, whatever you wear may get wet, muddy, and dirty– so don’t bring your favorite jeans. In the city you’ll want to look presentable, but there is no need for high heels, expensive jewelry, or formal clothes. Leave hair dryers and most major electronics (iPods are O.K.) at
home. Try to pack light. A large backpack or duffle bag should provide plenty of room for everything that you need to bring. We may be moving back and forth daily between your accommodations and the project site, so you may want to bring a small backpack for day trips. Medicine: keep them in their original prescription bottles and
always in your carry-on luggage. Be sure to follow security guidelines, if the medicines are liquids. Bring some plastic zip-lock bags to keep your personal belongings (e.g. camera, wallet) dry. Leave some room in your bag to bring presents home!
SMALL BACKPACKS OR HANDBAGS COME
HANDY WHEN MOVING AROUND WITH VALUABLE BELONGINGS OR ESSENTIALS.
FOOD & ACCOMMODATIONS
Panamanian food (e.i. rice, chicken, vegetables) will be served. If you have any special needs (i.e. vegetarian or allergies), please notify a Brigade staff as soon as possible. While in the city, brigaders will be staying at Hostal Doña Victoria, located in Cerro Campana, 45 minutes away from the center of the city. Tel.: +507 6618-8370 While in the community, the brigade will be staying at local accommodations, like the community’s school or another safe place to sleep and keep the personal belongings. All accommodations are pre-checked for safety, cleanliness, amenities, access to project site and emergency needs.
While in the city, lunches/dinners will be either prepared, ordered in or in a restaurant type setting. While in the rural community, traditional
UPON YOUR ARRIVAL
Make sure you keep your passport and other important documents in a ziplock bag and in a secured place. Your emergency contact will be notified by email of your safe arrival in Panama. Every student will receive an walletsized card with emergency contact numbers and accommodations’ addresses of the hostel to keep you on while in Panama. Most U.S. cellular phones do not work in Panama unless an international phone plan is pre-arranged. All transportation and lodging is provided. Global Brigades ensures that you are taken to and from lodging, projects sites and any other brigade activities conveniently and safely. There will always be at least one and generally two adult advisors on each brigade. A trained Global Brigades Coordinator will lead the week-long brigade, as well as a trained logistics coordinator. Water is potable in Panama City, and Brigaders will always have access to safe drinking water during community visits.
TOP OF MIND
REACH OUT TO LEADERSHIP Every brigade will be assigned a brigade coordinator and interpreter. GB staff has been previously trained to carry-out brigades according to their specific roles and responsibilities. Reach out to your Brigade Coordinator for itinerary, workshops, food/ medication allergies and overall brigade issues. Reach out to your interpreter for cultural sensitivity and language issues.
HANDLE YOUR TIME Time at the community will go faster than you think! It is of utmost importance that the brigade handles time efficiently and wisely. Debrief sessions during the night can and will extend for many hours. Take advantage of this free time to prepare and to get together for your workshops. Be considerate to your team and the community members; everyone's punctuality is requested. Even when the locals do not share this best
Brigaders! Your are just a few months away from living this gratifying and adventurous experience! Here are a few ground rules for you to always keep in mind.
FOLLOW THE ALCOHOL POLICY It is completely prohibited to drink alcohol while in the community. We do not want to have any issue or an uncomfortable moment. We can’t control situations when alcohol is involved and this can cause irreversible damage to the relationship our organization has with our partners, schools, brigaders and community members. Carrying liquor with you during the brigade is prohibited.
BE CAUTIOUS Panama is a tropical-rainforest country, this means we have many different species of animals anywhere you go. Regardless of if you’re in the countryside, the jungle or on an island, DO NOT walk around by yourself without letting anyone know – especially at night. Snakes like to go out at night and they are not necessarily the friendly ones.
STICK IN GROUP Always stay with the group. It is important that we stick together so that we avoid having anyone get lost –this includes city or country side. If we’re all together, it’s safer. While at the city tour, inform your coordinator if you are separating from the group to go the bathroom.
REMEMBER: CULTURAL SENSITIVITY Working with rural communities in Panama can be a challenge. This is not because they are unwilling to cooperate, but it more so because of their cultural tradition. Fortunately, this is not a huge obstacle. Here are a few pointers to follow in order to be culturally sensitive. INITIATIVE Take the initiative to make contact with the community, even if language is a problem at first. (Remember you will count with a interpreters) RESPECT Show respect for their culture and language. Ask yourself, "How would I feel if I were in their shoes?" NAMES Learn how to pronounce names correctly (even if it is in dialect). Their name is as important to them as yours is to you. FEELINGS Be sensitive to their feelings about their homeland. Developing nations are not as poor, backward or uneducated as it sometimes assumed. 8 AUTHENTICITY Be yourself. Show our interest & that you care about them as people and are here to learn and help. LISTEN Take time to listen. You will be amazed by the reasons behind many of their decisions.
PREPARING FOR YOUR PROJECT
Here are a few things your brigade could do: Read the previous Law Brigades Reports to get a sense of how a brigade flows and what techniques, workshops, and approaches other groups have adopted in the past that could be useful in Panama. There are many things you can do to prepare for your brigade! You will stay in the community for 5 days and you will need to handle your time efficiently to have as much impact as possible with your workshops. Read the pre-brigade documentation thoroughly, including workshop templates, and how you and the club can creatively engage the community (role-playing, community presentations, etc).
Click here to see past projects! Research on methods, techniques or models that could be applied to the project you have been assigned. Research the partner you will be working with, so you can understand how their work are how can we support them. Research on Panama’s Economicsocial and political history so you can gain a sense of the country ‘s current situation.
INFO SESSIONS & CONFERENCE CALLS
Attend all conference Calls hosted by the Global Brigades Staff. Valuable information will be shared during these calls that you will later need during the brigade. GB Staff will cover four main topics via conference calls with the brigaders. First Topic: Our advising team will host conference calls with brigaders to help start the club and prepare everyone for the brigade. Second Topic: The Program Lead and Advisor will host this call to discuss the project assigned to your chapter. Third Topic: The program Lead and Advisor will host a second conference call to answer more questions about the assigned project and to prepare the group for the Capacity Building Workshops. Fourth Topic: Logistics Lead and Advisor will host this call to discuss logistics details such as accommodations, water, bathrooms, food, and transportation. Contact and keep in touch with ex-brigaders so you can expand your understanding. Having conversations with ex-brigaders is a great idea. Also, frequently visit our Global Brigades Facebook Page to get the latest updates and links to other brigaders.
KEEP THIS IN MIND DURING THE BRIGADE!
TEST ALL ASSUMPTIONS Listen to the community members and ask them questions! Don't take any information for granted and test your assumptions. Gather as much information to gain a better understanding of what they already know and want to know. You will be surprised to find the community's true objective. Maybe their priority is to preserve their culture instead of increasing their profit. HAVE A CONVERSATION Instead of conducting a questionnaire or survey, have an informal and comfortable conversation. Language may be a barrier, however, you have interpreters to help you! Body language is commonly understood, regardless of the lanBuilding rapport with the locals. They will guage you speak.
share more information with you and you will better understand their needs.
WHAT A GENERAL ITINERARY LOOKS LIKE
Every brigade will have its own itinerary. Itineraries are created taking into consideration the three key elements of every brigade. Legal Capacity Building: You will use this precious time to interview the members to get a good grasp of the community and identify the best ways to approach and address their legal need. A powerful way of improving their legal knowledge is through workshops delivered to the community that have been tailored to their
needs and level of understanding. A great part of the time at the community will be focused on planning, preparing and delivering the workshops, in order to ensure the brigade leaves the ‘how to’ behind. Cultural Exchange: The community will organize cultural activities at site that will show brigaders their way of life. Students will work together with the community on seeding, planting and harvesting
Community Investment Fund: Students and Staff will use their time in the community to observe and interview the members to discover the priorities of the project and the community. Students, Staff and the community will meet up to present their decision for using the Community Investment Fund in a sustainable and economically beneficial way.
NOTE: All Itineraries are subject to last minute changes.
Global Brigades will provide transportation throughout the entire brigade. Punctuality is esssential. We will loose valuable time if we wait just for one person. We encourgade brigaders to come prepared from their origin country so they can make the best use of time during the brigade. There will be one pick-up and one drop-off at the airport. Always remain as a group when at the airport so GB Staff can easily find everyone. The best time to work on your Project Report is right after returning from the community. We will provide your group with a template for you to start taking notes and for keeping track of each day’s activities and workshops. During your time in the city, it is extremely important that everyone stays together. If at any time, you need to separate yourself from the group, please inform your brigade coordinator.
COMMUNITY INVESTMENT FUND
For EVERY program donation that a brigader contributes, $100 will be invested directly into the project as the Community Investment Fund (CIF). The purpose of this fund is to use it for paying legal paperwork, governmental fees, notary fees and any other legal expense needed to successfully address the community’s legal need. The CIF is not a donation. It is an “investment”.
In the brigade, the community along with the Brigade will be in charge of identifying what are the costs and fees requested to complete the project. Please remember the following: CIF can’t be allocated as cash under no circumstances, instead, fees or paperwork will always be administered by GB Staff once the brigade is gone. For other Programs, such as Business Brigades, in which they
have to deliver materials or equipment to the community, our CIF Lead, Oscar Valencia, will take care of doing the CIF purchases and sending/taking it to the community after the brigade is gone. The CIF can only be used in tangibles that will contribute to the success of the community’s need.
LEGAL PAPERWORK: REGISTRY & NOTARY FEES
Most of our projects includes paying some fees & and other legal costs. This is one of the main reasons of why most of this communities can’t accomplish them. Once the brigade has departed to their country of origin, Law Brigades will start programming with the Local Lawyer Staff Member in charge of the project, all the costs for completing the project. Once the project is assigned to a Law Brigades Local Lawyer, brigaders will be notified by GB Staff. The project will be assign within 60 days after the brigade.
All projects are assign to clubs depending in the amount of investment needed to complete them. In the event that after everything has been payed and there are still funds available, the leftover will be allocated into a fund that will be used at the end of the year. This fund will be used to support the project and education of those members who have shown the most dedication and participation during capacity building workshops and have thoughtfully made use of the investment. It will serve as an incentive for those members to keep up the good work and effort. Since in many cases leftovers are just a few dollars it may take some time to really get a good amount to invest in that community.
PROVINCE: Veraguas COMMUNITY: Calobre TRAVEL TIME FROM PANAMA CITY: 4 1/2 hours PARTNER ORGANIZATION: Patronato de Nutrición Calobre Panama City
The group of auto-sustainable farms that we are going to be working with is supported by Patronato de Nutrición. It’s a group of farmers from the Veraguas Regional Association of Patronato Farms, that have been working for years now, but never been able to join efforts to take their farms to the next level. They had decided to establish a Coop that can revamp their efforts, and that will let them work together, as a group. By doing so, they will let them pass from consumption to actually growing for profit, with a variety of products, instead of one or two. By doing so, they will be able to access new markets and costumers, letting them improve their quality of life. RICE FIELDS CURRENT SITUATION These farms are focused on agriculture. Most of these farms have identified a market where to sell their over production, but it is not as enough production to let them get profit from it. It is basically trying to get some cash out of what they would not consume. And this is almost the same situation for the other farms of the region. But the real solution they had identified is that, even though is not that enough of production, by offering a variety of products to the market, they might get better prices, more costumers, and of course more profit, gathering all these over production and selling it as a whole. They are also aware of the importance of having a savings culture among their farms, families, and communities, and that is why their goal is to get their Coop status to help not only their farms and families, but the whole region. WHERE COULD YOU HELP? Legal Capacity Building * Requirements for setting up a Coop Importance and How to Run a Coop Building up the Coop Statute Best practices & recommendations of Coop administration
Investment Suggestions Paperwork Feasibility Plan of the Group Bank Account Capital Seed
Many farms across Panama are dedicated to produce as many products as their families need to be fed. Most common products are Yucca, Yam, Coffee, Rice, Citrics, Corn, and in some occasions chicks, pigs or tilapias. However, food to grow chicken has increased to an extend it is no longer that profitable to have chickens for sale. Remember this farms where created to feed families with huge hunger problems, so they are their food source. But with the time, farmers have managed to grow crops really well, and over produce so that they could get some income to buy other things they
might need. As they get more experienced and better on the growing techniques, they are able to make some profit out of it, but still not at a level to make a big impact on their economy. Since they don’t have any access to credit, loans or economic resources, they are stuck in this vicious circle, leading them to leave their farms to go get a job in the city or for bigger companies, and not letting their communities to grow and improve their quality of life. Due to these factors many organizations, such as Patronato de Nutrición, have been helping out farm-
ers to get portions of land on their own communities, and helping them out to form up farm associations, that will receive from the Patronato all the know-how on what is the best product to grow, depending on their soil, what are the best techniques to grow their products, how to better treat their land, and even donations of fertilizers, chicks or equipment. Of course, farmers must show first the will to fight the community’s hunger problems, show work ethic, maintenance of the farm, planting, harvesting, processing, and preparing the land for replanting.
Tilapia Fish Pool
Sacs of recently harvested rice
PATRONATO DE NUTRICIÓN
Patronato de Nutrición is non-profit organization that supports farmers with the tools and capacity building they need in order to work their
land. Patronato’s main objective is to fight against poverty and in result against malnutrition in our most sensitive population. This organization is formed by civic guilds. This they do by investing big amounts of money in hardware supplies and manpower so that farmers can "built up" all the infrastructure they need for a prosperous farm (ponds, the land where they plant the crops, proper irrigation systems, etc.) The land is bought by Patronato to the farmers at the very beginning. Then they invest on it and the farmers work it and basically gain a living by
selling the crops. Little by little, the farmers are able to pay back to Patronato for the land (usually after 510 years). Farmers eventually register it under the name of an Association (acquiring legal status and ownership of the land) and by this time they have already grown a prosperous sustainable farm on their own. This status also allows farms to apply for grants, micro-credit and get sponsorships. Patronato now has over 320 farms.
SELF-SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & PRODUCTION FARMS
The farms are an extension from five to 20 hectares, intended for the cultivation of food, that provide macro and micro nutrients necessary to keep a good nutritional condition of the participating population. For its integral and diversification feature of the population, it is considered the production of cereals, leguminous, vegetables, tubers, among others; breeding of penned animals, using the natural resources in a rational manner, protecting the environment and practicing a good administration (management control) of the financial resources with the purpose of obtaining self-supply and sustainability of the project, generating surplus of the production for its commercialization. The exploitation of the farm is made in a collective and organized manner; in average, about 9 families per farm participate. GOAL To consolidate farm associations with technical-management capacity, owning the means of production and that it be a legal entity, that help them venture into the trading of their production with less disadvantages, in a market, every day more competitive, and with an efficient production, intended to the consumption of participating families, and making emphasis on the 9 sensitive items, in a period of 7 years.
Global Brigades (GB) is the world’s largest student-led international development organization. As a secular, 501c3 nonprofit organization, we empower university students and young professionals nation-wide to provide communities in developing countries with sustainable solutions that improve quality of life while respecting local culture and improving the environment.
Global Brigades, Inc.
PO Box: 712219 Los Angeles, CA 90071
GB Panama Staff Gabriela Valencia, GB Operations Manager email@example.com 507.60438396 / 507.2144804 Roberto Del Busto, GB Transportation Manager firstname.lastname@example.org 507.66752675 Carlos Saldaña, Law Brigades Panama Lead email@example.com 507.60708876 GB Home Team (For Emergency Use Only) Michelle Menclewicz, GB Director of Student Affairs firstname.lastname@example.org 949.290.0986 Danielle Starry, GB Travel Director email@example.com 330.605.3576 Catherine Berman, GB Co-founder/CEO firstname.lastname@example.org 310.806.0204
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