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and the masonic family
of British Columbia

MW Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons
of British Columbia and Yukon
1495 West Eighth Avenue, Vancouver V6H 1C9 Canada

t: +1- 604-736-8941
f: +1- 604-736-5097

First printing: October, 1995 1,000
Revised March, 1996 1,000
Revised April, 2002 1,000
Revised January 2005 online
Revised January 2009 1,000

Should you wish to research Freemasonry further, our
masonic library, located at the Vancouver Masonic Centre,
1495 West Eighth Avenue, Vancouver, is available by
appointment to serious researchers.
Contents copyright 1995-2009

7 The organization of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia 9 Freemasons and charity Freemasons have played 10 Freemasons and religion 12 The masonic family an important part in 14 Aims and relations of the Craft in British Columbia and Yukon 15 Prominent freemasons. 1 . Contents 2 An introduction to Freemasonry 4 The attraction of Freemasonry 5 What they say about Freemasonry 6 Historical highlights of Freemasonry in Canada. 1634-1871 Socially and politically. past and present the development of 16 The Grand Masters of this jurisdiction since 1871 British Columbia.

to whom faith. Many join simply because they knew a friend or relative who was a freemason and they admired that man’s way of living his life. 2 . seniors’ homes and other such facilities. burn wards. a practical extension of their own religious and philisophical beliefs. his family. hope and charity are not mere words without any meaning. working within a set of Landmarks of what qualifies as recognized Freemasonry. although it promotes charity in its members—in North America alone. of his own free will and accord. but it teaches its mem- bers to be active in their chosen faith. Freemasonry is not a religion. and train good men to make themselves of service to themselves. And yet another may be attracted by a strong sense of history and tradition. Freemasonry is not a charity. discover a bond of brotherly affection and a community of mutual support. Another man may join because he is looking for a focus for his charitable inclinations. freemasons contribute some three million dollars a day to operate children’s hospitals. There are some 200 recognized masonic jurisdictions around the world and no central authority. but it teaches its members to be active in civic concerns. An introduction A freemason is a man who has taken an obligation to make of himself the best that he can. for himself. They operate under a system of mutual recognition. What is Freemasonry? A fraternity designed to teach morality and ethics. and his community—a man who feels and adores the higher destiny of man. What attracts a man to Freemasonry? Every man comes. cancer clinics. All who join and become active. One man may join so that he can associate with other men who believe that only by improving them- selves can they hope to improve their world. Freemasonry has no politics. their families and their communi- ties. with his own individual needs and interests.

A freemason who is true to his obligation will not reveal the modes of recognition but they are not truly secret. freedom of thought or liberty of con- science was dangerous. private. composed of people not actively working as stonemasons. The history and philosophy of Freemasonry has been a topic of great study. Whether operative and non-operative lodges existed concurrently or if operative lodges slowly accepted non-operative members into their ranks is still debatable. But the true secrets of a freemason are not contained in the ritual. 䡵 3 . and the ritual which involved the tools of stonemasonry as symbols was all that remained.bcy. aspects of a man’s life that he may choose to share with a brother. and dangerously radical because it would not support oppressive regimes. There is also that secret which is not kept secret but is only revealed to those who realize the hap- piness that comes from living a good life. By the end of the seventeenth century most lodges were speculative. this is demonstrated by the number of exposures that have been published over the centuries. a brother who will keep those secrets.Records strongly suggest a lineage to operative stonemasons’ lodges or guilds of fourteenth century Scotland and an inner fraternity of the London Company of Masons. There are three degrees in regular Craft freemasonry involving ritual and ceremonies. Why are the rituals and ceremonies secret? Tradition. and lawful. History shows that Freemasonry has always been outlawed under totalitarian regimes. and much information is available through our Grand Lodge website freemasonry. more than anything — there have been times and places where promoting equality. The lessons are not secret but the presentation is kept private to promote a clearer understand- ing in good time. This is not secretive- and takes an obligation of secrecy. The secrets of a freema- son are those personal. he is assured that the mysteries are founded on the purest principles of piety and virtue and that any vows are not inconsistent with his civil. moral or religious duties. Before an initiate receives a degree. this is discretion. Freemasonry has been labeled atheistic and pagan since it removed Christian references in its ritual in 1813.

that not all satisfactions and the knowledge that Freemasonry does its members have joined or become active for the same reason. on this principle Freemasonry unites men of all nationalities and religious beliefs and conciliates true 1. Once a man becomes a freemason what attracts him to become active and to devote so much time to its work? Clearly Freemasonry is attractive to non-members for the many fine activities that are engaged in by its members as There are probably as many answers to these questions as well as the quality of its membership. word and deed. 2. The tenets of Freemasonry teach that every freemason should espouse brotherly love. This is no accident but the result of knowing that each was recommended to membership by a good man. relief T here are two questions that are often asked by freemasons and non-masons alike: and truth. has taken part in ceremonies that obligate them to high moral standards and has taken the responsibility to be a conscientious and honourable individual as well as to be charitable in thought. and its attractions are so varied. in the world. there are certain basic tangible and intangible things which have made Freemasonry the largest and oldest fraternity. Notice how often freemasons who have never met before immediately become friendly. Freemasons spend there are freemasons because there are so many facets to the time in working for the Craft because of its many personal organization. 䡵 Nevertheless. part in making this a better world in which to live. Another factor is the number of great men who have been members of the masonic fraternity in all ages. as well as the largest philanthropic organization. But the most important element that commands the attention of the public is the charitable work that is done by the freemasons and the masonic family.The attraction of Freemasonry The non-member is also attracted by the spirit of tolerance that exists in Freemasonry. What attracts men to Freemasonry? friendships amongst those who might otherwise remain at a perpetual distance. Freemasonry has existed because it supplies the answer to many human needs. was subjected to an investiga- tion. Man is a social creature and many a non-member is attracted to Freemasonry by the close friend- ship that exists between its members. Brotherly love in the sense that all men are created equal. 4 . That elusive tie that binds all freemasons together actually exists.

in her book Living the Enlightenment: Freemasonry and Politics in Eighteenth- Century Europe. minister and author: “To me. I have always regarded my rank and title as a Past Grand Master of Masons the greatest honour that had ever come to me. “Modern civil society was invented during the Enlightenment in the new enclaves of sociability of which Freemasonry was the most avowedly constitutional and aggressively civic. to make a great country greater. This is the only institution in the world where we can meet on the level all sorts of people who want to live rightly.” “Central to masonic identity was the belief that merit and not birth constitutes the foundation for social and political order.” Harry S Truman.. Freemasonry is one form of dedication to God and service to humanity. Jacob. What they say about Freemasonry.” Norman Vincent Peale.... president of the United States: “We repre- sent a fraternity which believes in justice and truth and hon- ourable action in your community.” 䡵 5 . “Freemasonry was one of the social practises that transmit- ted to the continent a vocabulary that put freedom and equality central on the word list. M argaret C.” General Douglas MacArthur: “Freemasonry embraces the highest moral laws and will bear the test of any system of ethics or philosophy ever promulgated for the uplift of man.. men who are endeav- ouring to be better citizens. published in 1991 by Oxford University Press: “Perhaps we have finally located the earliest moments in the formation of modern civil society.. “We should never under estimate the emotional pull of masonic rituals. the intensity of loyalty they could inspire. “Although I hold the highest civil honour in the world..

1634-1871 1867 1 July. Lord Alexander was a member of Edinburgh Lodge No. The Grand Lodge is consecrated and dedicated on December 26th. Government Steamboat Inspector. Freemason John freemasons to a meeting with the object of forming a Jessop becomes the first Superintendent of masonic lodge in Victoria. is the first person to be made a freemason in the colonies. Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia. founded a colony of Scots Columbia.Freemasonry in Canada 1862 Thomas Harris. Isræl Wood Powell is the first 1738 First masonic lodge in Canada is instituted at Grand Master while Robert Burnaby becomes the Annapolis Royal. then known as New France. The Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of at Mary’s Chapel. The publisher of the Education. a freemason. a freemason. first Past Grand Master. is named. the first to Vancouver’s Island. 1634 First record of a freemason in Canada. The first masonic funeral in the Colony was held for Samuel Hazeltine. A Victoria newspaper ad calls all interested Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Lieutenant Alexander Dunn is awarded of British Columbia. Freemason Sir John A. 1491. the Victoria Cross for saving the lives of two men during the famous Charge of the Light Brigade at 1871 Isræl Wood Powell. The Dominion of Canada is established. 1859 7 September. is the first Canadian and Powell Street in Vancouver are named. Russian born John Malowansky. the offer to become the first Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia and becomes the first 1858 10 July. Nova Scotia. in the colony of Vancouver’s Island. 1871 United Colony of British Columbia joins son of the first Earl of Stirling. 1 1871 21 October. becomes the first premier of the Province 1854 25 October. 6 . 1085 is formally constituted in Victoria. Lord Alexander.C. British Columbia. a Victoria news agent and tobacconist. on the banks of the St. Robert Burnaby. 1871. John Foster McCreight. who died from injuries received in a marine accident at Victoria. Balaclava. Dunn. for whom Burnaby. refuses to be awarded the Victoria Cross. Viscount Canada. Lawrence River. is elected the first mayor of Victoria. Master of Confederation and becomes the Province of British Work to King Charles I. installs the first officers. B. 1843 Fort Victoria is established to bolster Britain’s claim 1871 13 November.C. B. for whom Powell River. Scotland. which has records dating from Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of British 1599 and—tradition maintains—was in existence in Columbia is founded in Victoria. 1860 Victoria Lodge No. Macdonald becomes Canada’s first Prime Minister. a freemason who would later become the second premier of the province of British Columbia. 䡵 paper is Amor de Cosmos.

for it was not until ed.” O n 19 March. New Westminster. that the Grand Lodge of as to the Junior Warden-elect. with Robert Burnaby as community have applied to the Grand Lodge of Washington District Grand Master. Hearing of this. 1867. Henry Holbrook warranted in Victoria under the name of British Columbia being nominated first Worshipful Master. 1867.. 28 August 1860. a series of Grand Lodge of Scotland making application for a warrant to resolutions being passed which were communicated to the form a lodge under that grand jurisdiction.J. At this meeting. Grand Master of The United Grand Lodge of England. It was this year. at a meeting at Nanaimo. M. a warrant was granted by the Earl of Zetland. Isræl Wood Powell Provincial Grand until 16 December 1861.The organization of the desirous to establish a Lodge under the Grand Lodge of Scotland. This request was other lodges. 1861. of a lodge at Victoria. Territory for a Dispensation or Warrant to organize a Lodge of F. the of American residents in Victoria. Some months later. J.&A. and they communicate this resolution to the Grand Lodge of England as a matter of record. when Lodge to recommend a petition they proposed to sent to the the idea was generally agreed to by the lodge. we do not 1869. Victoria Lodge. was organized. therefore. a warrant was not granted Scotland appointed Dr. it is. and all Masons visiting such Lodges cannot be A movement to organize an independent Grand Lodge had recognized as Masons. was consti- Victoria Lodge. was constituted two years later. other Grand Lodges as Brethren and Masons. There were then emanating from any other source than from the Grand five Scottish and four English lodges working in British Lodges of the mother country in this place we shall hold as Columbia in the spring of 1871. The Provincial Grand Lodge was About the time Union Lodge was being organized. authorizing the formation The warrant from the Grand Lodge of Scotland came along in due course and. 1859. Union Lodge. No.” The petition to the Grand Lodge of been started by Vancouver Lodge at its regular meeting held Washington Territory was thereupon withdrawn. but in doing so. clandestine. 421 under the Scottish Constitution. at which the fol- lowing resolution was passed: “That the Victoria Lodge No. Victoria. also under the Grand Lodge of recognize their power to grant Dispensations. Southgate being its first authorized to do so under a dispensation granted from the Worshipful Master. Master of British Columbia. decided to petition the Grand Lodge of he had granted dispensations for the formation of two new Washington for permission to form a lodge under that grand lodges—Cariboo Lodge at Barkerville. in this town. a number organized on December 24th. Grand Master of England. William Jeffery being its first Worshipful Master. on 16 December 1868. too. and Warrants Scotland. they reserve the precedence of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia Grand Lodge of England in general Masonic affairs within the colony. Vancouver Lodge. resolved that while Mount Hermon Lodge. was duly constitut- some time to reach the petitioners. Quadra Lodge. The matter was brought up for further Shortly afterwards. passed the following resolution: On 14 March 1868. a second English lodge was Colony of British Columbia. some unattached brethren asked Victoria consideration at a meeting held on 2 January 1869. Vancouver’s Island. the fourth under the Grand Lodge of we hail the Grand Lodge of Washington Territory and all Scotland. being Yates and Langley Streets. at the corner of proceeded to Nanaimo in regalia for that purpose. 1085 under the English constitution. who meeting held over Hibben & Coswell’s store. in the This year. at a tuted by the officers and brethren of Victoria Lodge. Owing to a dispute Lodge.C. a District Grand Lodge was organized “Whereas we have been informed that a party in this under the Grand Lodge of England. granted at a meeting held on 15 May 1862. Nanaimo Lodge. being unfamiliar with the newly appointed Provincial Grand Master announced that English work. 1085 cordially responds to the petition of the Brethren 7 . 1090 E. No. on 20 October 1862. and Caledonia Lodge jurisdiction. was organized at Burrard Inlet during January. held on January 24th. that the lodge was finally constituted as On 15 May 1867. The warrant took No.

was question. Waitt. at 7:30 pm. Noticing JUNIOR GRAND WARDEN: Henry Nathan. lasting welfare of the masonic fraternity in British Columbia. A convention was therefore called in Victoria on 21 October The convention later adjourned until 2:00 pm on 1871. which he the constitution of the Grand Lodge of England for the agreed to do. attended the meeting and lodged an official when the following were declared unanimously chosen: protest against the proceedings. Waitt the two jurisdictions wanted it. it with regret. Isræl Wood Powell As a result of this. it was favourably received. Dr. bitter discord arose between the English DEPUTY GRAND MASTER: the Hon. Free and Accepted Masons of British Columbia. Dr. too.P. Frank B. Grahame. The result of the vote was one hundred and made the first Past Grand Master. was elected Grand Master. by whom.W. refused to move seconded. who was in England proceed to organize The Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of at the time. to appear in public in full regalia. A convention was called at Victoria on 18 March 1871. Levi. Isræl Wood Powell proposition. which seems to have been withheld. for ninety-four in favor of an independent Grand Lodge and his services as chairman of the convention. rank of Past Deputy Grand Master. Vancouver Lodge went ahead with its scheme Province of British Columbia. Jr. and proceeded finally and independent Grand Lodge of Free Masons in British regularly to organize the Grand Lodge of British Columbia. Past Grand Master of Washington was asked to attend This was carried unanimously. D. it is expedient to form a Grand Lodge in and for the Undaunted. Having come to this deci. the late English District Grand Master who subordinate lodges. Robert the first Jewish member of Parliament in Canada Burnaby. GRAND MASTER: Dr.” This resolution was carried after submitting it to several American and Canadian Grand unanimously and with much enthusiasm. This was the state of affairs SENIOR GRAND WARDEN: Simeon Duck. Powell. do hereby declare themselves to be and that they now independent Grand Lodge.” on the instructions of the English District Grand Master. Robert Burnaby. Columbia. Powell returned from his trip to England. James A. but the bled on behalf of their respective lodges represented by Scottish lodges held the convention and decided to form an them. “That the representatives now in convention assem- refused to allow his English lodges to attend. Powell. Robert Burnaby. when it reassembled at the Masonic Hall. to promote the Scotland. GRAND CHAPLAIN: Rev. The Hon. Gribbell finally deciding that it was obviously desirable to form an GRAND SECRETARY: Henry Frederick Heisterman independent Grand Lodge if a majority of the members of GRAND TREASURER: Marshall W. instructing the members to vote on the refused the Grand Master’s office because of ill health.” A ball was subsequently held in honour of the inauguration The convention having assembled. to act It was then moved by S. Master. Grahame was of the Grand Lodge. M. John Foster McCreight and Scottish lodges where formerly had existed the utmost the first Premier of British Columbia friendliness and coöperation. Powell and Burnaby issued circular letters to their Robert Burnaby. I. he and English District Grand Master.All but one of the Scottish lodges fell in line with Vancouver After certain necessary preliminary business had been trans- Lodge. GRAND TYLER: Philip J. the following resolution: “That in order to estab- in the matter without the consent of the Grand Lodge of lish perfect fraternal harmony and concord. at which grand officers and members of unanimously elected chairman and Henry F. Dr. acting present be adopted. The District Grand Master. was given the twenty-eight against. seemingly. 䡵 8 . and James A. when Dr.P. Heisterman subordinate lodges were granted dispensations by the Grand secretary. Powell.W. Ellwood Ancient. action as may be deemed necessary for the formation of an Government Street. on the matter. Hall sion. Lodges. Victoria. while the English lodges refused to entertain the acted. Grand Lodge then proceeded to the election of officers. the District Grand Secretary. and seconded by M.” Evans. and it was also agreed “that and install the officers of the new Grand Lodge. “to determine details and to take such 28 December 1871. Robert Burnaby moved and Dr. at once discussed the whole situation thoroughly. which put a stop to things for the time being. However.

once a month is the average shift. in the case of out-of-town patients. or. They approached the Canadian Cancer Society with the idea that a volunteer driver would pick patients up from their homes and take them to a treatment centre and back again. Cellular telephones in each vehicle The reputation of the freemason’s Volunteer Driver (and the airtime) are donated and all donations are gratefully programme has spread through the Cancer Societies in received by the Masonic Community Charities Fund. Burnaby. This assessment also pays for the fuel. There are approximately 375 volunteers in the three areas. Richmond. from the airport or bus depot to the Cancer Lodge or other accommo- dation near the Cancer clinic. So successful is the programme that requests Moody on the Lower Mainland (seven vehicles). In other areas. Okanagan (four vehicles). and from Kamloops to the USA border in the areas. These freemasons collectively launched the program to enable cancer patients to get to treatment centres with a minimum amount of difficulty. In 1992 the National Board of Directors of the Canadian Cancer Society awarded the Currently the freemasons cover an area that includes Freemasons of British Columbia & Yukon the Citation of Vancouver. Kelowna and Island dispatch offices. the Cancer Car Project has since expanded to Vancouver Island (1991) and the Thompson- Okanagan area of the Interior (1998) as Cancer Treatment Centres were established. New Westminster and Port Merit Award. from have been received from fraternities in both Canada and the Campbell River to Victoria on Vancouver Island (five Unites States who wish to start similar programmes in their vehicles). In the Lower Mainland Greater Vancouver: +1-604-872-2034 they work shifts from 7:00 am to noon. where a trip might take most of the day. or from noon to 5:00 or +1-800-663-2524 pm once a week. which North America as well as the masonic fraternity on this administers the project continent and in Europe. treatment centres should call one of the following telephone numbers: Since the inception of the programme. insurance and main- tenance of the vehicles.Cancer Car project F reemasons of British Columbia and Yukon care about those who are fighting cancer. some 60% of whom are Those wishing information on transportation to the various non-masons. Thompson-Okanagan (Kelowna): +1-250-712-1101 or +1-800-299-0188 䡵 9 . This was to be at no cost to either the patient or the Cancer Society. In 1988 a committee was struck. volunteers have driven over ten million kilometres. Vancouver Island: +1-800-663-7892 Dispatchers also work regular shifts in the Vancouver. Every freemason in the Grand Lodge jurisdiction contributes annually an assessed amount towards the capital fund to purchase and replace the sixteen vehicles currently in use. Launched on 6 April 1989 in the Lower Mainland.

or by any other means. Freemasonry admits men of all religions. faith because of it. Freemasonry stands for the values that are supreme in any • Freemasonry is not a religion nor is it a substitute for religion and expects each member to follow his own faith religion. • Freemasonry offers no sacraments and does not claim to lead to salvation by works. As freemasons we are interest- ed in faith only and not in theology. duties. • Freemasonry has no dogma or theology. it does not accept him as such. Freemasons believe in religious freedom and that the relationship between the individual and his God is personal. worthy to be received into the masonic fraternity. Religious discussion is forbidden in a masonic lodge thereby eliminating the chance for any masonic dogma to form. belief about a Supreme Being is theology. The secrets of Freemasonry are concerned with the modes of recognition only and not with the means of salvation. a Jew. private and sacred. • Freemasonry solicits no new members. We do ask a man if he believes in a Supreme Being and that is the only religious test. Freemasonry is far from indifferent to religion. it expects each member to follow his own faith. When Freemasonry accepts a Christian. We do not apply a theological test to a candidate. Freemasonry is a completely tolerant organization. • Freemasonry supports religion. much less to an anti-Christian religion when he becomes a freemason. 䡵 10 .Freemasonry and religion A man does not subscribe to a new religion. by secret knowledge. • Freemasonry raises no money for religious purposes. any more than when he joins any political party or service club. We are sure that a member who is true to the princi- ples he learns in Freemasonry will be a better member of his • Freemasonry seeks no converts. a Buddhist or a Muslim. There is nothing in Freemasonry that is opposed to the religion he brings with him into the masonic lodge. Without interfering in religious practise. Belief in a Supreme Being is faith. but accepts him as a man. Religion is not permit- ted to be discussed at masonic meetings. Freemasonry does not assert nor does it teach that one religion is as good as another. and to place his duty to the Supreme Being above all other • Freemasonry advocates no sectarian faith or practise.

. Pick & G. UK : Ian Allan Lewis Masonic Ltd. 1990. 1999. Symbolism in Craft Freemasonry.. Brent Morris. we would suggest the following publications:– communities in North America. 1590-1710. Brent Morris. Is It True What They Say About Freemasonry? Art deHoyos and S. 䡵 11 . charitable projects.. a majority of which W. The Origins of Freemasonry : Scotland’s Century. London : Constable & they receive funds from our Robinson Ltd. has dedicated itself to benefitting the For further information on Freeemasonry. Fred L.. Reprinted 1999. Ian Allen Regalia Ltd. Norman Knight. New York : M. London : Muller. dollars every day of the year to meet The Freemason at Work. revised by Frederick Smyth. Pocket History of Freemasonry. have no masonic affiliation other than The Freemasons. 8th edition 1991 (1953). 1991. Jasper Ridley. Kirk MacNulty. our commitments to our various Freemasonry. 2006. Colin Dyer. A Journey through Ritual and Symbol. UK : Lewis Masonic. Cambridge University Press. Harry Carr. David Stevenson.. New York : Thames and Hudson Inc. revised by Frederick Smyth. S.We can make no plainer a statement than to say that :– • Freemasonry is simply a fraternity– an organization of men banded together to further improve themselves ethically and morally and to benefit the community at large. as a whole. 2007 (1976). so Complete Idiots Guide to Freemasonry. • The masonic family. Inc. dedicated that it costs us Three Million New York : Alpha Books. Evans and Company. 2004. organization.

Mexico and the Republic of Panama. Every effort is made to be sure a Shriner has a variety of activities from which he may choose. hospitality without rudeness and jollity without The Royal Order of Scotland coarseness. it does The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite develop themes based on the Christian Crusades. this would be a misconception.000 of three bodies—the Lodge of Perfection.The masonic family to Christianity in York and that he granted the original char- ter to the masonic guilds in that city nearly a thousand years ago. and member organization has a buoyant philosophy which the Consistory. They enjoy parades. a Master Mason may become a member of three bodies—a Chapter of Royal Arch Masons. The Templar. and a Commandery of Knights has completed the three degrees of Craft Freemasonry. dances. The order was established in England in viewing these dramas. As with Freemasonry. There are 191 Shrine Temples located in Canada. Membership in this body is by invitation only. It is said that Athelstan. and Units. Shriners support what has become known as the “World’s Greatest Philanthropy”. Men from all walks of life and all levels of income find fun. the United States. Degree in Scottish Rite Freemasonry. has been expressed as “Pleasure without intemperance. The approximately 375. York Rite Freemasonry Furthermore. A freemason. although Constantine it does require a belief in a Supreme Being. was converted 12 .” The most noticeable symbol of the Shrine is the distinctive red fez that all Shriners wear at official functions. Membership in this body is by invitation only. circuses. affording historical fellowship and relaxation in their individual Shrine Clubs background on the work and meaning of Freemasonry. supplement or amplify the Craft degrees. This uniquely the 33rd Degree. strictly speaking. T he Royal Order of Scotland is an appendant body of the Scottish Rite. how- ever. a British king. the Shriners Hospitals T he York Rite is the other concordant body of Freemasonry in which a Master Mason may proceed to for Children. the Rose Croix. an honourary degree. occasions together. T he Scottish Rite is one of two concordant bodies of Freemasonry in which a Master Mason may proceed after he In the York Rite. trips. Degrees as they relate to the Scottish Rite indicate the level of knowl- edge that a Master Mason has attained. the Scottish The Order of the Red Cross of Rite is not a religion. Shriners are distinguished by an enjoyment of life in the In the Scottish Rite a Master Mason may become a member interest of philanthropy. The highest degree in The Shriners Freemasonry is the 3rd or Master Mason degree. sometimes called the “College of Freemasonry”. is bestowed on mem. uses extensive dramatic plays and allegory to emphasize the messages of its degrees. after T he Order of the Red Cross of Constantine is a concordant body of York Rite masonry. Although the York Rite is not a religion in itself. In the Scottish Rite. To a non-mason this may sound like the member is a high ranking mason. dinners. North American organization is not. The York Rite takes its name from the old English city of York. sporting events and other social The Order was established in London around 1741. Scottish Rite work expands and elaborates on the lessons of the three Craft degrees. to Freemasonry or to their communities. will eventually attain the 32nd 1865. M embership in the Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine is limited to Master Masons. The Scottish Rite. and it is nondenominational. a bers of the Scottish Rite who have given outstanding service masonic body but is closely allied with Freemasonry. a Council of Royal and Select Masters. Shriners are men who enjoy life.

1850. The members of the Eastern Star DeMolay teaches leadership and values which make these are dedicated men and women who sincerely reflect the young men better citizens and better prepared for tomor- spirit of fraternal love and the desire to work together for row’s challenges. John Wayne. in New York. where Master Masons gathered for The purpose of the order is to assist the Shriners with their relaxation and laughs. the United States.100 members in British Columbia and men between the ages of 13 and 21. non-profit organization. and authors John The Order of the Amaranth Steinbeck and William Shirer. takes part in. and to advance and elevate the standard whose principal charity is the aiding of the cerebral palsy of Womanhood. Some DeMolay alumni include: Walt good. located in Canada. Willard harmony among members. Started in F ounded in 1919 by Frank S. today there are over two million members worldwide. 13 . entertainers Dick and Tommy Smothers. with approximately 36. teaches. taken from Jacques de Molay. last Grand Master of the Membership in the Eastern Star is open to women who are mediæval Knights Templar. England. the Amaranth have 43 Grand Courts. informal meetings. The Amaranth takes its theme The International Order of Job’s Daughters from Queen Christina of Sweden. Walter Cronkite.O. newsmen designed to build character. child. Land in Kansas City.J. there are also subordinate Courts in Hawaii. T he Order of the Amaranth was officially organized on 14 June 1873. comprised of women 1889 at Hamilton. developing is completely separate from the North American institution self-confidence. Character building. Buddy Ebsen and Burl Ives. and learning leadership qualities as well of the same name. a masonically affiliated fraternal organization. She called this group the Order of the Amaranth. the International Order of Job’s Daughters is one of today’s out- one of the few social or fraternal orders that the royal family standing character building organizations for young girls. and to practise charity. U.S. This order holds a gala ball every other year. The name DeMolay is the Yukon. friendly fellowship There are Grottoes throughout the United States and Canada within the order. to promote social. The Order of the Eastern Star The Order of DeMolay T he Order of the Eastern Star is the largest fraternal organization for men and women in the world.000 members. It 11 to 20 years of age. New Zealand and Ireland. having no ties to Freemasonry. The Order has grown to 147 Temples within Canada and the United States. The moral and social purposes of the order are Disney. who in 1653 combined a group of “Sir Knights” and “Ladies” to have “gala” parties. 䡵 Under the jurisdiction of the Supreme Council. the Philippines and Scotland. related to Master Masons. president Bill Clinton. Australia. the Daughters of the Nile is an international. as social skills are but a few of the lessons that I. The Order of DeMolay is a fraternity for young with approximately 4. New York. Today it is O pen to girls who are related to Master Masons.D. to promote friendship and Dan Rather. is a social group for Master Masons which was founded in F ormed in 1913.The Grotto The Daughters of the Nile T he Grotto. Missouri. John Cameron Swayze. charitable work. It sprang from a series of who are related to Master Masons. Scott and Chet Huntley.

and is further express any opinion on questions of foreign or domestic compelled to place on record its complete disapproval of state policy. The Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon will of. The Grand Lodge of British Columbia and strictly forbidden to countenance any act which may Yukon will always consider the recognition of these have a tendency to subvert the peace and good order of Grand Lodges which profess and practise. They must be 4. however styled. any new or varied interpretation of them. province in which he resides or which may afford him those established and unaltered principles. stated above. governing its relations with those other Grand Lodges with It does not recognize or admit the existence of any which it is in fraternal accord. at the outset. which admit to membership bodies failing 2. or on the volume which is held by his particular creed to impart sanctity to an oath or promise taken upon it. Ireland and Scotland. and can show society. it reserves to the individual the right to sons by the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. and it will not any action which may tend to permit the slightest departure allow its name to be associated with any action. like neither in any lodge. the Order is a belief in the Supreme Being. 9. The Grand Lodge is aware that there do exist bodies. and he must never be remiss in allegiance circumstances will it enter into discussion with a view to due to the sovereign of his native land. or to F rom time to time the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon has deemed it desirable to set forth in precise regard them as freemasons. The Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon is a form the Aims of Freemasonry as consistently practised sovereign and independent body practising Freemasonry under its jurisdiction since it came into being as an only within the three degrees and only within the limits organized body in 1871. or Grand Lodge of British Columbia. There is no secret with regard to any of the basic principles of Freemasonry. which do not adhere in British Columbia and Yukon to these principles. Every Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon is founded.Aims and relations of the Craft 6. either at home or abroad. he must pay due obedience to the law of any that they have consistently professed and practised. hold his own opinion with regard to public affairs. International Associations claiming to represent Freemasonry. It is strongly of the however humanitarian it may appear to be. nor at any time in his capacity as a the Grand Lodges of England. 7. superior masonic authority. every question affecting the relations between one Adopted at the 1992 Annual Communication of the government and another. styling themselves as Freemasonry. nor can its views be represented by any such association. Relationships that Freemasonry has survived the constantly 5. While British Columbia and Yukon Freemasonry thus accepted and practised wholeheartedly and in their inculcates in each of its members the duties of loyalty entirety by those who desire to be recognized as freema- and citizenship. Everyone who enters Freemasonry is. and membership 8. The first condition of admission into. is always open in the lodges. and while that attitude exists the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon refuses absolutely to have any relations with such bodies. This is refuse to participate in conferences with so-called essential and admits of no compromise. but in no protection. some of which have been 3. is he permitted to discuss or to advance his convinced that by a rigid adherence to these Aims and views on theological or political questions. But The Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. and also to define the principles defined in its constitution as “pure Antient Masonry”. 䡵 questions as to rival theories of government. candidate is required to take his obligation on that book. is freemason. which opinion that if any Grand Lodge does so it cannot maintain a infringes its unalterable policy of standing aloof from claim to be following the Ancient Landmarks of the Order. or between political parties. 14 . from the basic principles of Freemasonry. referred to by freemasons as the Volume of to conform strictly to the principles upon which the Sacred Law. The Bible. 1. The Grand Lodge has always consistently refused to changing doctrines of the outside world.

Macdonald. Sir Sanford Fleming. Winch. Jimmy Washington. Franz Matthews. Robert Entertainment: Bud Abbott. Premiers: Joseph Smallwood. NWMP. Duff Cross holders: Alexander Dunn. John Abbott. Canadians history American history makers: Kit Carson. Explorers: Winters.A few famous freemasons :– hockey player Fred “Cyclone” Taylor. William J. Irving Berlin. sculptors Robert J. Walter Citröen and Henry Ford. “Wop” May. W. Richard B. John B. Clark Gable. British Jesse Jackson. Wendy’s. Peter Sellers. Handy. Duke of Wellington. Lord Kitchener. John H.C. Steve Wozniak.C. Thomas G. Ben Rogers. Roy Clark. Twain. Cyrus W. Bennett. Ernest Roblin. Tom Mix. Jonathan Larsen. Richard E. Hanna. W. Robert Borden. Amor de Cosmos. John Paul Jones. department store BC John F. Harland Sanders. Bloedell. Mark Gardens owner Robert Butchart. Charles Danny Thomas. Gilbert & Vancouver archivist Major James S. first Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Oscar Wilde. Cohan. depart. Roy Rogers. Harland C. Brewster. restauranteurs Col. Davy Crockett. Peter Lougheed. Burrard shipyards founder Alfred Ives. Lord Stanley. Lionel Bennett. Andrew Molson Breweries founder John Molson. Kentucky Fried Chicken and Dave Edward Prior. basketball inventor. Red Skelton. Michael Richards. BC Lieutenant-Governors: automotive company founders André Edward Prior.R. Arthur S. Sam Houston. Apple Computors. Tim Horton. Oscar Peterson. Giacomo Bishop of New Westminster A. Paul Revere. Walkem. Robert Bevan. Robert McBeath.W. Canadian Forces Frederick Bartholdi. Al Jolson. W. Politics: financier John Jacob Astor.A. Medgar W. er. Norris and Nicholas Mussallem. George A. McGeer. sportsman Austin C. Arnold Palmer. Peck. Tommy Douglas. McCreight. Lord Thompson of Fleet. James Polk. Burl Canadian Prime Ministers: Sir John A. distiller. senator and mayor of Haydn. Sir paper founder Hewitt Bostock. James Monroe. Gray. Robinson. Doolittle. William Davis. hockey play. Robert W. RCMP. Diefenbaker. Robert Shankland. George M. Borglum. department store Cole. Audie Murphy. John Buchanan. Cromie.C. bush Lindbergh. Roosevelt. Douglas Jackson. founders J. MacKenzie Wallace. Johnson. W. Felix Mendelssohn. Owen. Composers: Court Judges Victor Dryer. Borgnine. Turner. William Clark. Ernest E. Sullivan. Andrew Johnson. Penney and Horace Saks. Ludwig van Beethoven. William S. Jack Dempsey. Jean Julius Sibelius. Ferlin Husky. Rudyard Kipling. Vancouver Province news. Mel Tillis. Franklin James A. Service. Woodward.C. International: Vancouver Sun newspaper founder botanist Sir Joseph Banks. Bowser. Columbian history makers: forestry Sir Winston Churchill. politician and labour activist Jazz William “Count” Basie. Military: Lord Cornwallis. Chicago hotel- S. publish. Meriwether Lewis and Willie Mays. Vancouver Gerald G. MacLean. Sir Arthur company MacMillan Bloedell partner Conan Doyle. Jonathan Swift. Lord James Buchanan. Harry S Truman. John Sillitoe. James Garfield. Sir Richard Turner. Ross Thatcher. US Presidents: George ment store founder John D. Puccini. Alexander Pope. Edward “Duke” Ellington. Thomas. Sam Steele. Civics: senator John D. Chief Buffalo Bill Cody. John G. Philip Sousa. Butchart Walter Scott. architects Alexander Eiffel band leader Arthur Delamont. Horatio Nelson. Tecumseh. Supreme and Sir Christopher Wren. Will makers: Chief Joseph Brant. Victoria Hampton. Harry Houdini. Theodore Roosevelt. Taylor. and Gutzon Commander in WWI Sir Arthur Currie. John Wayne. Robert Service. Franz Liszt.H. Naismith. Sugar Ray er. Earl MacArthur. Sports: Ty Cobb. Country music: Gene 15 . Oliver Hardy. Evers and Rev. Gerald Ford MacLean. Nat “King” Bowell. pilot. Byrd. Harold Lloyd. Literature: Robert Burns. Eaton. Wesley. Samuel Bronfman. BC Premiers: first premier of lier Charles Hilton. Byron “Boss” Robert Dole. J. Marx. Sir Ernest Shackleton. Tex Ritter. Henry Franklin. Autry. Business & Howard Taft. poet. Provincial founder Charles Woodward. Warren Harding. Arthur William McKinley. Alexander Davie. Richard McBride. Harpo W. publisher.

Harper 1912-1913 John M.D. MacNeill 2011-2012 16 . Manson 1970-1971 Nicholas Mussallem 1875-1876 Simeon Duck 1926-1927 Daniel W. Hall 1983-1984 Robert Alan Kitchen 1895-1896 Lacey Robert Johnson 1940-1941 William Robert Simpson 1984-1985 V. James S.Grand Masters of this jurisdiction :– 1923-1924 Charles Edward Tisdall 1968-1969 James S. Howard 2004-2005 William Unrau 1916-1917 William Astley 1960-1961 Cecil Gordon McMynn 2005-2006 Robert Duncan McSween 1917-1918 Douglas Corsan M. Rudd 1956-1957 Donald Albert Stewart 2001-2002 James C. Glenn Allen 1920-1921 Martin Luther Grimmett 1964-1965 James Herbert McKergow 2009-2010 1921-1922 Wallace S. Chambers 1929-1930 Robie Lewis Reid 1974-1975 Matthew Lyle Barr 1882-1883 Henry Brown 1930-1931 Donald Edward Kerr 1975-1976 Thomas Y. Sr. Bowser 1948 Hon. Tomlins 1909-1910 Harry Nelson Rich 1953-1954 William Alexander Curran 1998-1999 Harold Cecil Nordan 1910-1911 Edward Burness Paul 1954-1955 Karl Percival Warwick 1999-2000 William H. Terry 1965-1967 James Herbert Nordan 2010-2011 1922-1923 Andrew McCreight Creery 1967-1968 Hamish C. John James "JJ" Miller 1993-1994 Colin Grant Wardlaw 1905-1906 Thomas Joseph Armstrong 1949-1950 Donald McGugan 1994-1995 Douglas W. Ferguson 1915-1916 William Carey Ditmars 1959-1960 Montague A. Burnie Kyle 1896-1897 Alexander Charleson 1941-1942 Byron Arthur Stimmell 1985-1986 George Walter Baldwin 1897-1898 Ebenezer Duncan McLaren 1942-1943 W. Carter 1911-1912 Francis James Burd 1955-1956 Richard Geddes Large 2000-2001 Jack T. George A. Cassady 1978-1979 William Lang Stirling 1890-1891 Angus McKeown 1935-1936 George Cleveland Derby 1979-1980 William Joseph McCoid 1891-1892 Marcus Wolfe 1936-1937 Samuel McClure 1980-1981 Edward Annetts Clarke 1892-1893 William Downie 1937-1938 Rev. M. Sutherland 1971-1972 Harper Piercy Baikie 1876-1878 Frederick Williams 1927-1928 Frank Sumner McKee 1972-1973 Frederick Winfield Coffin 1878-1881 Eli Harrison. R.U. Marsh 1899-1900 Richard Eden Walker 1944-1945 William Menzies 1988-1989 David Lachlan Gibson 1900-1901 Harry Holgate Watson 1945-1946 William Henry Bland 1989-1990 John James Loban 1901-1902 Frederick McBain Young 1946-1947 Kilburn King Reid 1990-1991 Douglas Robin Grant 1902-1903 Elon Ezra Chipman 1947-1948 George Roy Long 1991-1992 Edward Butler Hearn 1903-1904 Rev. Cato Ensor Sharp 1948-1949 George Henry Ellis 1992-1993 John Waldie Manion 1904-1905 William J. Mitchell 1885-1886 Thomas Trounce 1932 Hon. Robert Burnaby 1924-1925 Stephen Jones 1969-1970 Wallace McRae 1871-1875 Israel Wood Powell 1925-1926 Alexander M. MacLaurin 1893-1894 Sibree Clarke 1938-1939 Charles Morgan Kingston 1982-1983 Douglas Philps 1894-1895 Robert Burns McMicking 1939-1940 Dr.J. Hargrove 1906-1907 James Hargrave Schofield 1950-1951 John H. Gordon 1913-1914 William Henderson 1957-1958 Claude Alfred John Green 2002-2003 William Ord Walls 1914-1915 James Stark 1958-1959 Kenneth Reid 2003-2004 Charles W. Percival Marchant 1986-1987 Donald William Wakelyn 1898-1899 David Wilson 1943-1944 James George Brown 1987-1988 Dennis G. 1961-1962 James Reid Mitchell 2006-2007 Isaac B.B. Morgan 1995-1996 Clark Murray Gilmour 1907-1908 Francis Bowser 1951-1952 Joel Murray Mitchell 1996-1997 Alexander Alistair Reid 1908-1909 William Kyle Houston 1952-1953 Laurence Healey 1997-1998 Alan R. Hogg I. N. Brower-Berkhoven 1918-1919 John Shaw 1962-1963 David Monteith Taylor 2007-2008 Stephen Godfrey 1919-1920 Samuel John Willis 1963-1964 Henry Percival Rutter 2008-2009 R. Henderson 1981-1982 Donald J. DeWolf-Smith 1977 Hon. P. A. W. Walter Stewart Owen 1889-1890 John Stilwell Clute 1934-1935 George L. William Tyre 1886-1887 William Dalby 1932-1933 James Edward Beck 1977-1978 Edwin James Lockhart 1887-1889 Alexander Roland Milne 1933-1934 Andrew Henderson 1978 Hon.H. Rogers 1881-1882 Coote M. 1928-1929 Robert Baird 1973-1974 Wilfred H. McLachlan 1883-1885 Edgar Crow Baker 1931-1932 Henry Benjamin Morley 1976-1977 Alexander S.

p. 15 William R. as published in Trade Marks Journal. Grand Master’s Fund. Woodvine. Marshall. Denslow. . Canada. headlines set in Melior Bold 20/22. A. On 3 August 1994 the Masonic Foundation of Ontario officially registered the Grand Lodge logo. 1989. No. 8 Gleaned from John T. as derived from a statement adopted by the United Grand Lodge of England in 1938. Stanley Q. R. 10-11 Masonic Service Association of North America. pp. Glenn Allen. Published under the ægis of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Christopher Haffner. Vancouver: 1971. pp. W. pp. Vancouver: 1993. McKeown. 1996. 41. Edited and designed by Trevor W.Credits: Contents page quote from David J. the square and compasses with the letter G. with Consumer and Corporate Affairs. History of Grand Lodge of British Columbia. Trenton: 1957-1960. Colophon: Body type set in Melior 10/12. Gavel Historical Society of British Columbia. 10. Jim Harrison. Workman Unashamed. Vol. Mitchell. Bennett and the Rise of British Columbia. Missouri Lodge of Research. 2075. funded by MW Bro. 14 Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Book of Constitutions.C. Freemasons Who Made a Difference.000 Famous freemasons. Globe and column drawn by Mr.

to cultivate and enlighten the mind. Relief and Truth. to induce a habit of virtue. . . and to strengthen the fundamental principles of our Order: Brotherly Love. .