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PETER ZUMTHOR: GOD IS IN DETAILS

PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬

View from the City


PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬

View from Promenade


PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬

View from Train Station "Bregenz Hafen"


PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
STRUCTURE

The two structural system

Internal structural system

The cast concrete mass which consists of three load bearing wall slabs as the primary
structure rooting from the foundation of the second basement
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
STRUCTURE

The two structural system

Internal structural system

The slab walls vary from 7 to 15M each of them conceals a service element; elevators,
stairways and an exposed air system ducts.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
STRUCTURE

The two structural system

Internal structural system

A subtle pinwheel/spiral movement is generated by the placement of these free standing


concrete planes
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
STRUCTURE

The two structural system

The vertical and lateral loading of the primary concrete structure


PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
STRUCTURE

The two structural system

External structural system

The exterior is the steel framework holding the facade glazing system
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
STRUCTURE

The two structural system

External structural system

It creates a structurally autonomous cladding system


PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
STRUCTURE

Building services
A system of water filled pipes – heated cooled pipes are integrated in wall and ceilings
The secondary piping system renews the air in the room
No need to install conventional air conditioning plant with big pipes to transport large
quantities of air to heat/cool the rooms as the humidify or dehumidify the atmosphere
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
MATERIAL

Concrete
The construction, the placing of the load bearing walls and the associated handing of
light.
The choice of material veers in the direction calm and balance
The concrete also always has the same familiar velvety grey colour.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
MATERIAL

Concrete
The appearance of a large monolithic form of an almost sculptural character has been
fully exploited.
The change in the size of the spaces or in direction usually found in conventional
museums is replaced by the treatment of the walls and the differing heights of the
space.
The high entrance level which has its own specific character and way of handing light is
followed by two similar spaces, their repetitive quality is then terminated by the 'finale'
of a higher room.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
MATERIAL

Concrete
The integrated piping in the load bearing concrete walls can function as a heating and
cooling system.
The concrete mass of the building adjusts as it were independently to right temperature
of the requirement of the museum.
The constructive concrete mass is used to keep the climate stable.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
MATERIAL

GLASS PANEL
The interior of the monolithic spatial sculpture with a differentiated system of facade
glazing, heat insulation and shading.
The multi layer facade is an autonomous wall construction which harmonizes with the
interior and acts as a weather skin,daylight modulator, sun shade and thermal insulator.
Exonerated form these function, the space defining anatomy of the building is able to
develop free in interior.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
MATERIAL

Glass Ceiling
Ceiling hangs individually from the concrete ceiling on the hundred of thin steel rods.
The man high cavity of the exhibition rooms on the upper floors story-height halls
designed as the light collector which opens to the light of the sky.-consist of light trapped
in glass.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
MATERIAL

Glass Ceiling
A Sea glass panels, etched on the side facing the room, with subtly shimmering surfaces
and edges, distributing the daylight throughout the room,
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
ENVIRONMENT ASPECT

Exterior
The steel framework with its facade glazing system acts as:
-a daylight modulator which provide shading to the interior
-a weather skin to provide heat insulation
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
ENVIRONMENT ASPECT

Exterior
The glazing system
-The edge of the glass panel is exposed. Wind wafts through the open joints of the scaly
structure and provide a weather skin for heat insulation
-Lake air penetrates the fine mesh of the space-framework of the steel structure
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
ENVIRONMENT ASPECT

Interior
The structural walls
They act as the modulator of light.
It varies the orientation of the light which generate shadows and reflection.
It tempers the mood of the light and gives depth to the rooms.
The constantly fluctuating light creates the impression that the building is breathing.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬
ENVIRONMENT ASPECT

The ceiling helps the building to absorb daylight


Ceiling glass is made of translucent glass panels
They were hang individually from the concrete ceiling on the hundred of thin steel rods.
A man high cavity is created which collects daylight and distribute/ redirect throughout
the exhibition rooms.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
DETAIL Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬

The outer skin of the


building consists of finely
etched glass.
It looks light slightly
ruffled feather, like a
scaly structure made up
of largish glass panels.
The glass panels which
are all the same size, are
neither perforated nor
cut.
They rest on metal
consoles, held in place by
large clamps. The edges
of the glass are exposed.
The wind wafts through
the open joints of the
scaly structure.
Lake air penetrates the
fine mesh of the space
framework, of the steel
structure of the self-
bearing facade which
rises from the pit if the
basement and embraces,
without firm contact.
PETER ZUMTHOR
Bregenz Art Museum
DETAIL Bregenz – Austria (1990-’97)‫‏‬