Green Tech 2009

Be a part of sustainable future

A PAPER ON

GREEN BUILDING DESIGNS
BY
MAHAJAN.S.SUNNY
S.E. CIVIL

PAREEK.A.HARSH
S.E. CIVIL

KOLHAPUR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY’S COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, KOLHAPUR. ABSTRACT
Today as we can see our building industry is going GREEN but what exactly is going GREEN. So let go brief in this direction. Most buildings in India guzzle energy directly impacting natural resources. Residential, commercial and institutional buildings together consumed 31% of global energy and emitted 1900 mega tones. By 2050, this would rise to 38% and 3800 mega tones. Even more worrying is the fact buildings consume 50 per cent of the world’s energy – and here lies the genesis of the green building concept. Considering modern techniques and trends in green building we have designed a model of ECOHOUSE which uses all the parameters of ideal modern green building in one integrated house. This eco-house uses maximum non-conventional energy resources and provide a green and healthy environment for its occupants. ECO-HOUSE IS A ECO-SYSTEM IN ITSELF . it uses minimum energy with maximum efficiency. Right from the electricity produced from solar panels to methane produced from biowaste . ECO-HOUSE has been constructed by using fly-ash cement, integrity blocks and clay blocks which act as a insulator and provides ventilation to the house, this eco-house has bamboo flooring which is a eco friendly renewable material. The doors made from wheat-straw & composite wood and windows provided with heat mirror are used.

INTRODUCTION
Green building is the practice of increasing the efficiency with which buildings use resources (energy, water, and materials) while reducing building impacts on human health and the environment during the building's lifecycle, through better sitting, design, construction, operation, maintenance and removal.

Green Buildings are the new trend in construction industry which particulates the use of environment friendly materials, efficient use of renewable resources against non-renewable ones and using recycled and reusable materials in construction. Green methodology emphasizes on taking advantage of renewable resources, e.g., using sunlight through passive solar, active solar, and photovoltaic techniques and using plants and trees through green roofs, rain gardens, and for

reduction of rainwater run-off. Also techniques, such as using packed gravel for parking lots instead of concrete or asphalt to enhance replenishment of ground water, are used as well.
Advantages of green building:-

1. Efficiently using energy, water, and other resources. 2. Protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity. 3. Reducing waste, pollution and environmental degradation. 4. Reduced operating costs by increasing productivity and using less energy.

GREEN MATERIALS
Ideal Green materials are the materials whose resources are available locally. So that the energy used to produce, transport, and compile conventional materials is saved
1. INTEGRITY BLOCK Integrity Block is a compacted-earth block used as a cost-competitive replacement for concrete masonry units (CMUs). Made from a proprietary soil mix that includes up to 60% pre-consumer recycled content (byproduct from mining or quarrying), Integrity Block uses 40% less energy to produce .The portland cement content is approximately half that of standard block.

Advantages - 1. Pre-consumer recycled content 2. Natural or minimally processed Manufacturer / Integrity block LEED Credit relevance: 2. ZERO-VOC PAINTS These paints contains proprietary 100% acrylic resin. These paints are more eco-friendly as normal paints contain colorants as much as 150 grams per liter of VOC but these paints contain zero VOC. Also these paints dry quickly with less odour. Advantages : Releases minimal pollutants MR Credit 4 — Recycled content

Manufacturer

:

Benjamin Moore & Co.

LEED Credit relevance: 1. EQ Credit 3 — Construction IAQ management plane 3. ECO-DOORS:Eco doors have wheat-straw particleboard cores,

skins made from composite wood, and stiles and rails made from made from solid wood certified according to Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) standards. These doors reduce sound transmission

Advantages: 1.Agricultural waste material
2. Rapidly renewable Manufacturer / Masonite International Corporation LEED Credit relevance: 1.MR Credit 4 — Recycled content 4. HEAT MIRROR WINDOW PANEL Heat mirror window panel reflects external radiated heat, reduces direct heat from sun and reflects internal radiated heat.

EXPLAINATION OF ECO-HOUSE GROUND FLOOR Here we can see all the ground surface is covered by vegetation. where we can plant vegetables Which is a food resource for the occupants. Also around the vegetation plantation is done. Which makes the whole ground level green, attractive and beautiful. There is a roof like structure with heat mirror window panels which provides light to the basement floor 1 in the day time. Solar water heaters, Solar panels, residential wind turbines are provided at the ground level. 1. This solar water heater uses polyethylene panel and copper heat exchanger to pre-heat water for domestic use. SunCache captures heat in 50 gallons of noncirculating water stored in a rooftop panel. When a hot-water tap is turned on, cold water from the supply line flows through copper heat exchanger embedded in the panel, extracting heat from the stored water. The pre-heated water then flows, via cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing, to a conventional storage or tankless water heater. No pumps are used. The acrylic glazing minimizes convective heat loss People using hot water in the afternoon or early evenings will see the greatest energy savings. Advantages
Renewable energy and fuel cells Manufacturer/ Harpiris Energy

LEED Credit relevance:

EA Prerequisite 2 — Minimum Energy Performance

2. A roof mounted micro wind turbine that can generate enough energy to turn your electric meter backwards. Reasonably priced it is small enough to be used in urban areas yet powerful enough to lower electric bills 25%-50%, or more.

Manufacturer / Freetricity

BASEMENT FLOOR I: It is totally provided for residential purpose. During the day time it receives ample of light from the panels provided at the top under normal whether condition. And during night time LED is used for lighting purpose. The advantages of LED are mentioned below: 1. High efficiency about 70%. 2. Long life about 50,000 working hours. 3. No maintenance is required. For regular house hold activity and for other purpose electricity stored in power room are used. A device named as food waste disposer is provided below the kitchen basin, its function is to crush all the food waste and these crushed food waste is then sent to bio-waste plant through pipe. The human waste from W/C and the waste of bathroom and basin are also sent to the biowaste plant through pipe. A alternative source for cooking ‘pellet stove’ is also provided.
FOOD WASTE DISPOSER

A food waste disposer ,which is to be fitted below the kitchen sink liquefies and flushes food waste and scraps into sewage of bio-waste system making kitchen hygienically clean. Disposers are very simple and fast to install. They add little weight and leave plenty of storage space under the sink and are available for all types of kitchen, traditional or modern ,small or large .

Manufacturer / SRM Home Solutions pvt.ltd
PELLET STOVE
As the name suggests, pellet stoves burn "pellets." These actually are recycled sawdust, wood shavings, corn, walnut and peanut shells, and similar biomass wastes that are ground up, compressed, and extruded. Compared with EPA-certified wood stoves that give off about 5 grams of particulates per hour, pellet stoves have very low particulate emissions, some far less than 1 gram per hour. Combustion efficiency is a measure of how much of a fuel is converted to energy by an appliance. Pellet stoves offer 75 percent to 90 percent overall efficiency. In India, British petroleum has launched a successful pellet stove named as ‘OORJA’

BASEMENT FLOOR II:
It is used for parking purpose. A bio-waste plant and the power unit room is also provided on this floor.

Bio-waste plant
The bio-waste plant process all the human waste, waste water, food waste and produce methane gas and sludge. The methane gas is send to the kitchen through pipe line for cooking purpose and the solid sludge can be used as manure for the vegetation, also the waste water can be used for irrigation purpose in the above vegetation. The power unit works as a power regulator or the control unit of electricity which stores electric energy from solar panels and wind plant and provides electricity for day to day activities

Power Unit

Power unit is a unit where all the electricity produced by all energy resources is stored and then supplied to the house. Here there is a arrangement such that under normal condition all the required electricity is supplied by power unit in case of any breakdown the main supply mode is activated. As described in the diagram above.

CONCLUSION:
The main motto behind this presentation is to motivate more and more implementation of the green techniques in modern buildings, so proper planning of the building with efficient use of available resources is required. As we know day by day population is increasing & there is scarcity of resources, therefore to meet the requirement of growing population a proper planning is to be undertaken for fulfilling the demand in an eco friendly manner. REFERENCES www.wikipedia.com www.buildinggreen.com www.bpalterantiveenergy.com www.greenbuildingtalk.com www.teriin.org SPECIAL THANKS Prof.M.Mujumdar Prof.V.A.Swami Prof.P.Jadhav
Uttam patil S.E.CIVIL (Animation)

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