You are on page 1of 13

# Gage Repeatability and

Reproducibility
Long
Datasheet
Operator A B C No. of
Trials
D4
Max X
Sample 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd 2 3.27 Min X
Range Range Range
of Trial Trial Trial Trial Trial Trial Trial Trial Trial 3 2.58 X Diff
1
2
RA
3 Tolerance
4
RB
5
6 RC
7
(R)
8
Sum
9
10
R
11
12
13 No. of
2
14 Trials (m)
15
Totals α 4.56

No. of
2
Sum RA Sum RB Sum RC Operators (n)
XA XB XC
β 3.65

MEASUREMENT UNIT ANALYSIS % TOLERANCE ANALYSIS

Repeatability - Equipment Variation (EV) - [within]

EV = (R) x (α) % EV = 100 x [(EV) / (Tolerance)]

= x = 100 x [

= =

Reproducibility - Appraiser Variation (AV) - [Between]

AV = √ { [(X diff
2
) x (β2)] - [(EV2) / (n x m)] } % AV = 100 x [(AV) / (Tolerance)]

= √ {[ x ] - [ / ]} = 100 x [

= =

Reproducibility and Reproducibility (R&R)

R&R = √ ((EV ) 2
+ (AV2)) % R&R = 100 x [(R&R) / (Tolerance

= √ ( + ) = 100 x [

= =

Sample Information:

Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility Long Datasheet Sample Date .

Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility Long Datasheet Tolerance UCLR x (D4) x α 3 m 3.70 0 YSIS olerance)] / ] olerance)] / ] (Tolerance)] / ] .05 β 3 n 2.

Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility Long Datasheet Fill cells .

23 1.73 2.12 5 4 1.08 10 9 1.08 Sum of Ranges 10 1.15 4 3 1.72 2.41 1.17 1.21 1. d* Value for the distribution Sample Operator 1 Operator 2 Operator 3 Operator 4 of the average Range |Range 1-4| # # of # of Operators 1 Samples 2 3 4 2 1 1.74 2.81 2.72 2.75 2.73 2.08 Average Range .09 8 7 1.09 9 8 1.28 1.16 1.91 2.1 7 6 1.72 2.24 3 2 1.19 1.17 1.18 1.16 1.77 2.11 6 5 1.

27 2 0.52 EV = R x K1 = % EV AV = √ ( XDIFF x K2 )2 .4467 Trials K1 5 0. Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility Data Collection Sheet Appraiser Part Trial # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 Average Range 1 2 3 Average Range 1 2 3 Average Range Part Average R = (Sum of Ranges / Number of appraisers) = XDIFF = (Maximum average .58 3 0.Minimum average) UCLR = (R x D4) Trials D4 Parts K3 D4 = 2 3.3742 3 0.7071 3 2.3534 K3 = 8 0.3249 n = (parts) 2 0.3375 Variables: Appraiser K2 9 0.( EV2 / n x r ) = % AV GRR = √ EV2 + AV2 = % GRR PV = Rp x K3 = % PV TV = √ GRR2 + PV2 = ndc .71 10 0.59 7 0.4030 K2 = 2 0.3146 r = (trials) 3 0.89 6 0.5231 K1 = Constants 4 0.

Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility Data Collection Sheet Sample Information: Sample Date .

Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility Data Collection Sheet Average Xa Ra Xb Rb Xc Rc X Rp = = = = = .

Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility Data Collection Sheet .

Possible Causes for Variation Observed Process Variation Real Measurement Process Variation Variation Long -Term Short -Term Spread Spread Spread Process Process in the caused by caused by Variation Variation Sample Operators Gauge Reproducibility Accuracy Linearity Stability Repeatability NDC = Number of Distinct Categories Measurement Instruments have physical limitations to "discriminate" between di dimension for parts that are actually different). In this way we start to talk abo . All these three packs will be considered a true. An example: The discriminative p 5 gr. The three packs are in "the same category". By using this device it will be impossible for me to "discriminate" between p (eyeballing & rounding is not allowed!).

and so on. In this way we start to talk abo The NDC tells you how many categories your measurement system (MS) is able t If your NDC = 1 then your MS is useless... The three packs are in "the same category". Automotive industries recomend a value equal or greather than five. It is an "abstract catego . medium and big. if I rememb Of course the term "category" is not physical or tangible. By using this device it will be impossible for me to "discriminate" between p (eyeballing & rounding is not allowed!). All these three packs will be considered a true.NDC = Number of Distinct Categories Measurement Instruments have physical limitations to "discriminate" between di dimension for parts that are actually different). If the NDC = 2 then your MS can only distinguish between two categories ("sma If NDC = 3 then you have small. An example: The discriminative p 5 gr.

In this way we start to talk about "categories" .007 or 1011 gr l these three packs will be considered as having the same weight when actually it is not egory". give different values of a ent).es for Variation Measurement Variation Spread Spread caused by caused by Operators Gauge eproducibility ity Repeatability egories mitations to "discriminate" between different parts (i. 1.e.010 gr. An example: The discriminative power of the scale that my wife has in the kitchen is ble for me to "discriminate" between packs of flour wheighing 1.

.010 gr. cal or tangible.e. It is an "abstract category". The greatest the NDC the better. if I remember well.007 or 1011 gr l these three packs will be considered as having the same weight when actually it is not egory".. In this way we start to talk about "categories" our measurement system (MS) is able to diferenciate considering your process variation.egories mitations to "discriminate" between different parts (i. give different values of a ent). . qual or greather than five. (useless too) ium and big. and so on. tinguish between two categories ("small" and "big". 1. An example: The discriminative power of the scale that my wife has in the kitchen is ble for me to "discriminate" between packs of flour wheighing 1. for example)...