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A Research Paper Presented to

The Faculty of the Education Department

Holy Cross of Davao College


In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

Introduction to Educational Research



Albasin, Maria Theresa G.

Cuesta, Vanessa B.
Gravillo, Flora Mae P.
Lumanas Joan Mae N.
Saraum, Mark Anthony
Approval Sheet

This research entitled “ Student Assistants: Their Perceived Effectiveness in

Rendering Service at the Selected Offices of Holy Cross of Davao College” submitted by

Maria Theresa Albasin, Vanessa Cuesta, Flora Mae Gravillo, Joan Mae Lumanas, Mark

Saraum in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the subject Education 7 (Introduction

to Educational Research) has been examined and recommended for acceptance and


Dr. Oscar Cervales Dr. Thelma O. Alderite Dr. Bernardita


Panelist Panelist/ Instructress Panelist

Any project like this is always a team effort. There is no way the researchers could

pay back the many people who have actually encouraged and assisted the researchers in

their continuing quest to make meetings more effective. In doing so, the researchers

would like to extend their most profound thanks to the people who helped them craft this

research paper.

The researchers are grateful to the department heads of Library, Guidance Office and

Internet Laboratory for allowing them to disseminate the questionnaire.

To the respondents for honestly answering the questions.

To the continuing assistance of friends and colleagues for the typesetting of this paper

as well as the support given to them.

The researchers are especially indebted to Dr. Thelma O. Alderite for the painstaking

effort of checking this paper.

To God, Almighty for the talents, ideas and wisdom bestowed upon them in the

formulation of this paper.

Finally, the researchers would like to dedicate this research paper to their families for

their continuing support and encouragement for the writing efforts.

The Researchers


This study wanted to find out the perceived effectiveness of the student assistants

assigned at the selected offices in rendering service at Holy Cross of Davao College.

Specifically, the researchers sought answers as to the perceived level of performance on

the job possessed by the student assistants assigned at the selected offices of holy Cross

of Davao College, their relationship with co-workers and clientèles, their perceived level

of satisfaction with their job, their extent coping with stress and the overall level of

effectiveness of student assistants service. The study was made within the duration of the

summer class 2006. It used the descriptive method of research. The respondent of the

study were 37 student assistants from the selected offices namely, the guidance office,

internet laboratory and library. This made use of the questionnaires formulated by the

researchers and validated by some faculty members. Copies of the questionnaires were

given to the respondents who answered the questionnaire during their vacant period. The

data were tallied, tabulated and analyzed. For the treatment of the data, the weighted

mean was used findings showed that the respondents very often performed their tasks

systematically and orderly. The student assistants from the library have the higher level

of performance on their job than those other assigned in other offices. They often

maintained a good relationship with their co-workers and clienteles. They also often felt

satisfied with their job and often had the high extent in coping with stress in their work.

The researchers recommended that the student assistants should be responsible in every

accounts of their job. They should also inculcate in mind that rendering service is giving
until it satisfies the necessity. Effective service is achieved if it is done not by deed, but

by heart.

List of Tables

Table Page

1 Performance on Job. 16

2 Relationship with Co – Workers. 17

3 Relationship with clienteles. 19

4 Job Satisfaction. 20

5 Ability to cope with Stress. 21

6 Overall level of respondents' service 22


List of Figures

Figure Page

1 Theoretical/Conceptual Framework 7

Table of Contents

Acknowledgment i

Abstract ii

List of Tables iii

List of Figures iv


1 The Problem and a Review of Related Literature 1

Introduction 1

Review of Related Literature

Theoretical/ Conceptual Framework 5

Statement of the Problem 6

Significance of the Study 7

Scope and Delimitation 8

Definition of Terms 8

2 Method 10

Research Design 10
Participants 10

Instrument 11

Data Gathering 12

Data Analysis 13


3 Results and Discussion 16

4 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 24

Summary 24

Conclusion 25

Recommendations 25

References 28

Appendices 30

Curriculum Vitae 36


The Problem and a Review of Related Literature

Performance is the act of functional effectiveness, a formal exhibition of one's path in

various themes. It is the accomplishment or achievement of action or deed through

demonstration that shows functioning effectively. In relation to this, people in service

must be consistent in rendering quality service since they are accountable to the clientèle

they serve. Working students also known as Student Assistant are not exempted on

providing quality service to their clientèle even though they are working and studying at

the same time.

Many parents can hardly afford to send their children to school. Thus, with help of the

Student Assistance Program, many students can avail the opportunities that it serve

globally. These students are financed by the school to pursue their studies in a condition

that they render service in the institution.

The country today is facing an economic crises that increases poverty in this land.

Thus, many Filipino who graduated from high school cannot go to college. With regard

to this, Colleges and Universities in the Philippines offer privileges for these students

such as being a working scholar.

The City Government of Davao implemented such scholarship. It embraces those

students who deserve to be sent to school, but could hardly be sent due to financial crises.

The unique function of a student assistant is to assist the clientèle in the guidance and

assistance of their needs. Indeed, the said scholarship has contributed much to the

fulfillment of the dreams of the many Davaoeno students.

Holy Cross of Davao College is Filipino, Catholic, Archdiocesan educational

institution. Its mission is to inform well - integrated persons by providing Catholic

Education to all, especially to the less fortunate. In consonance with the vision and

mission of the Holy Cross of Davao College, the SASP(Student Assistant Scholarship

Program) is committed to help in the education of the poor and deserving students. It

aims at the total development of its members and to assist the Holy Cross of Davao

College employees in all offices in the disposal of their responsibilities towards the

efficient and effective operation of the institution.

They enjoy the following benefits and privileges:

● Free registration and tuition fee for 18 units of academic subjects and 3 units of

religious education and 2 units of PE per semester: 9 units per summer session:


● Monthly monetary allowance for minimum work of seven (7) hours daily Monday

to Friday and four (4) hours of Saturday.

In connection to this, the researchers strove to determine the effectiveness of the

student assistants of Holy Cross of Davao College in rendering service to their fellow

students, to the faculty members as well as to the administrators of the school.

Moreover, this research is envisioned to shed light regarding the help or assistance

given to the students, teachers and administrators in the school community.

Review of Related Literature

Job competence is essential to the qualitative, efficient, skillful working practice.

According to Young(2000), the amount of knowledge that workers must use and the

continuing rapid growth of this knowledge prevent them from being effective workers if

they attempt to function with only the information acquired in school or outlined in

books. She added that when unexpected situation arise, critical thinking and

competence enables the worker to recognize important cues, respond, quickly, and

adapt interventions to meet specific, client needs.

Alexander (1992), explains that competency on job performance is the result of

knowledge and working experience. The competence required to interpret departmental

instructions and makes complex decision is the basis for the advancement of working

practice and the development of the said exposure, to deliver effective service , the

worker should be able to make relevant observations, recognize client's problems and

develop appropriate plans to address those problems. These activities

are continuously developed during departmental working exposures of the people

involved in the service.

According to Abdillah (1996), attitudes are consistent ways of perceiving feeling

or thinking about or behaving toward the client. Mckeehan (1990), concluded that

attitudes are internal process that somehow guide or direct our behaviors. Positive

attitudes of workers should be shown to the clients and so to gain the confidence of the


Establishing rapport facilities a vital working role. Arnold (1990) stated that the

effective communication in an essential element of an optimal worker- client relationship.

In rendering service, communication is a dynamic process used to gather assessment,

data, to teach and persuade and to express caring and comfort.

Most workers experiences stress in their work environments. Stressors can consist of

workloads, institutional policies, conflict with co-workers client characteristics. Reaction

to a job- related stressor can depend on the worker's personality, health situations,

previous experiences with stress and coping mechanisms. Job stress frequently results in

a condition called burnout, which is characterized by a decreased concern for the people

with whom one is working the job or profession no longer has positive rewards and the

client may experiences anger or apathy. Workers are at risk for job stress burnout and

benefit from using the same stress management techniques they teach clients. In the

organizational and work role competency domain of practice, worker should identify

specific stressors at work and strive to eliminate them. It is also helpful to gain social

support from other co-worker in order to maintain a caring attitude towards client.

Kashkoff (1993), stated that "Stress is an inside job", it is up to the person as how

much he will be affected by it. The way the person responds to it depends on his

developmental and environmental heritage. Because every individual has his own unique

set of adaptive habits that have been selected and reinforced by his life experiences.

Studies informs us that the anticipation form of coping by anticipating stressful situations

leads to many thoughts and feelings which themselves can be stress

reducing in cases of tests,interviews speeches or blind dates. Human being have a

tremendous potential for adapting not only biologically over generations but

psychologically within a lifetime- even in a

short period of time if they decide they want to change.

Whereof Copp (2003), since workers witness pain and suffering, they should also be

ready to deal with these stress. She added that in managing any stress problem should be

in recognition. One must learn not only to recognize the signs of stress but also to ask for


Another author, Owen (2002), states that the coping strategies workers adapt to

combat stress have also been studied extensively. They can be defined as active of

passive attempts to respond to a situation of threat or reducing the emotional discomfort.

Davis (1992), concluded that working is devoted to the service for people. Its goal is

to promote and maintain quality service. Workers then are involved in the process and on

the concern with instituting directive measures, monitoring the clients progress and

providing the assistance, guidance and support.

Nicholls (1997), studied the position and job satisfaction of workers in the position,

function and their satisfaction in the social system of workers. She found out that

dissatisfaction appeared to be associated chiefly with social organizational relationships

rather than with the technical functional relationships.

Goldstone (1999), studied assessed that the level of satisfaction is expressed by the

workers after 6 months of employment. The data revealed that job satisfaction scores

were insignificantly predicted by the respondents job expectations and the importance

they placed on various components of the work situations.

Theoretical/Conceptual Framework

Young (2000) stated that job competence is essential to qualitative, efficient, skillful

working practice. It emphasized that for a person to provide quality of service, he should

be competent enough in performing one's tasks.

Sison (1991) asserted that good communication is important in interrelationships

either with the employee's co-workers or with his superior. Good communication leads to

a harmonious relationship between the co – workers as well as to their superiors, which is

of great help in the proper disposal of their responsibilities towards the efficient and

effective operation of the institution.

Kozier (2004) states that to know that the effective service outcome have been met,

the person in service must listen attentively to the clientele, observe cues and determine

that the service rendered was effective. The clienteles are the most important person who

benefits the service rendered by the worker. Thus, their welfare should be considered first

in the service process.

Sison (1991) added that several research studies showed that workers do not work

harder just for the purpose of making more money alone, but are motivated also by their

desire for accomplishment and success in their job. Dedication toward one's job is an

important element to achieve effective service. Money should not be considered as a big

factor in motivating the worker to perform quality service. Rather, their desire for a

successful outcome in service is what matters most.

Maslach (2001) viewed that in the organizational and work role competency domain

of practice, worker should identify specific stressors at work and strive to eliminate them.

Stress is one factor that contributes to the hindrance in performing one's job efficiently.

The worker should know the ways to eliminate and prevent them to attain success in their


Statement of the Problem

This study is conducted to determine the perceived effectiveness of the Student

Assistants in rendering service to the clientele in the selected offices of Holy Cross of

Davao College.

Specifically, the researchers sought answers to the following questions:

1. What is the perceived level of performance on the job possessed by the student

assistants assigned in the selected offices of Holy Cross of Davao College?

2. How do the student assistants maintain a mutual relationship with co-worker?

3. How do the student assistants maintain relationship with the clientele?

4. What is the perceived level of satisfaction of the student assistants with their job?

5. What is level of abilities of student assistants in coping with stress?

6. What is the overall level of effectiveness of student assistants service?

Significance of the Study

Since the effectiveness in service is important to achieve goals in different fields, it is

imperative that factors related to the effectiveness in service be properly studied. This

effectiveness must be met if those in rendering service aim to achieve these goals.

The information gathered in this research will be useful to the following:

The Holy Cross of Davao College Administration. The result will develop the

awareness in the performance of their personnel, especially the employees toward their

tasks. This study will also specify recommendations to improve the quality service

rendered to the clientele. This is also one way to upgrade the facilities to direct them

better ways in rendering service to the clients.

The Holy Cross of Davao College Student Assistants. This result will help them

develop skills in rendering effective service and quality of service care.

The Clientele Holy Cross of Davao College. This study will provide awareness of the

benefits of effective and quality assistance that will be rendered to them, such as

efficiency, adequacy, effectiveness, safety and with the use of critical thinking in service.

The Researchers. This would serve as a basis in gaining more knowledge in

developing their whole being to the tasks given to them. the criteria commonly practiced

will serve as a reminder in rendering effective qualitative service as a future mentors.

Scope and Delimitation

This research aimed to determine the perceived effectiveness of the student assistants

in rendering service at the selected offices of Holy Cross of Davao College. The offices

selected by the researchers are the guidance office, internet laboratory and the library.

The questionnaire will be distributed to the student assistants assigned at the

aforementioned offices during the Summer Classes of year 2006 of Holy Cross of Davao


Definition of Terms

Clientele. The person to whom the service is rendered.


Competence. The quality of a person in being capable of performing effective job.

HCDC. Is a Filipino, Catholic, Archdiocesan educational institution at Davao City.

Optimal. Most favorable condition desired.

Rapport. Sympathetic attitude toward the clienteles.

Stress. A system of forces producing tension or pressure.

Stressor. Factors causing stress.

Student Assistant. Poor and deserving students who avails the Student Assistance

Scholarship Program.

Chapter 2


This chapter describes how the study was undertaken. It discusses the main topics to

be covered in this chapter namely the research design, the number of participants, the

instrument used, the procedure in gathering data, and the analysis of the data gathered.

Research Design

The researcher focused their research study on the work scholars rendering service at

the selected offices of HCDC, guidance, internet laboratory and library. The descriptive

method was used and the students having their duty during summer 2006 were selected as

the respondents. This was to determine the perceived effectiveness of the student

assistants in rendering service at the aforementioned offices of HCDC.


The study focused particularly to the 37 student assistants of HCDC. They have

decided to use the above respondents for the reason that they are the group who are
frequently given immediate tasks to handle, as requirements in the departmental area

which the researchers thought could give reliable answers to their research findings. The

researchers oriented the respondents as to their role in this research and were given ample


time to answer the questionnaire. This is done to ensure the reliability of the data to be

gathered. There are 37 Student Assistants as the total number of respondents.


The researchers used a questionnaire as their means of collecting data, because it is

simple wherein items are easily constructed. Questionnaire can be easily distributed and

less time in consumed during data gathering. Answers are kept confidential and data from

closed ended items are easy to tabulate. The terms are comprehensive and in direct

manner to avoid confusion. The respondents were asked to answer the said questionnaire

by checking the box of which would correspond to their most appropriate answer. The

questionnaire is composed of 22 items and it is divided into five parts.

The first part of the questionnaire is about the performance on the job of the

student assistants and has 10 items. The second part is about the relation of the student

assistants toward their co – workers and has three items. The third part is about the

relation of the student assistants toward their clientele also has three items. The fourth

part is about the satisfaction of the student assistants on their job which also contains

three items and the last part is about the ability of the student assistants in coping with

stress also has three items.

The five parts of the questionnaire have the same descriptive interpretation and

scale. The rating scale used in interpreting the responses of the respondents are as



Scale Verbal Interpretation

5 Very Frequent

4 Frequent

3 Seldom

2 Very Seldom

1 Never

Data Gathering Procedures

Since this study was conducted at the different offices of the Institution, there are

many legal procedures needed that were undertaken by the researchers.

First, the researchers approached the mentor as regards to the problem identified.

Before conducting the study, preparation of the necessary requirements were made. The

researchers wrote a letter of permission to the selected department heads of Holy Cross of

Davao College to conduct the study at the respective offices. The researchers then

gathered related literature from various sources. After the approval of the department

heads, the validation of the questionnaire was done. The researchers conducted the study
by orienting the respondents on the purpose of the study and by informing them of their

importance to the success of the study. Then, they started retrieving the questionnaires

and the tallying of the data gathered was done also by the researchers. After the

tabulation and computation, the data was ready for presentation, analysis and



Data Analysis

The questionnaire is answerable by checking the box below the scale based on their

response. Upon getting all the data, the researchers computed the weighted mean to

determine the average of the respondents regarding their effectiveness as student

assistants in rendering service at Holy Cross of Davao College. . Each item of the

questionnaire is based on a five point scale.

The formula in finding the weighted mean is:

X =


X = Weighted Mean

∑fx = Sum of the products of midpoints to frequency

N = Total number of respondents

The following scale was used for the analysis and interpretation of the survey

Scale Range Verbal


5 4.50 - 5.00 Very Frequent

4 3.50 - 4.49 Frequent

3 3.00 - 3.49 Seldom


2 2.50 - 2.99 Very Seldom

1 1.00 - 2.49 Never