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Polygons with four sides are called QUADRILATERALS. There are various properties associated with specific kinds of quadrilaterals. The names of quadrilaterals studied in the book are listed below along with their properties. A X D

Quadrilateral ABCD is a parallelogram. Opposite sides are parallel and congruent. Consecutive angles are supplementary. The diagonals bisect. B

!BAD " !ADC " AX " BX "

2

!DCB !ABC CX DX

5

C

K

1

Y

6

Quadrilateral KYSH is a rhombus. It is a parallelogram with four congruent sides. In addition to all the properties of a parallelogram, the diagonals are perpendicular and bisect the opposite angles.

8

X

3 7 4

H

S

HY ! KS "1 # "2 # "3 # "4 "5 # "6 # "7 # "8

Quadrilateral THOM is a rectangle. It is a T parallelogram with four right angles. In addition to all the properties of a parallelogram, the diagonals are congruent. If a rectangle is also a rhombus, then it is called a square. A square would have all the properties listed previously. M

TO ! MH

H

O

GEOMETRY Connections

35

The segment B connecting the midpoints of the non-parallel sides is parallel to the bases and has length equal to the average of the bases. It has one pair of opposite angles congruent and the diagonals are perpendicular.Two additional quadrilaterals are studied. It has exactly one set of parallel sides called bases. m!STR = 90° since diagonals are perpendicular. m!ADB = 80° . A 10 T 7 32° 80° B C Example 2 Use the information in the rhombus at right to find RQ. RT = 6 since diagonals bisect.32° = 48° = 80° ! 32° = 48° since D opposite angles are congruent. AT = 7 and BD = 20 since diagonals bisect. AT. and RT. m!SPQ = 70° since diagonals bisect opposite angles. Quadrilateral HOEY is a trapezoid. W Y Z XZ ! WY "WXY # "WZY Example 1 Use the information in the parallelogram at right to find m!BAD . 36 P 7 35° S 6 T Q R Extra Practice . m!STR . m!ADB . m!SPQ . and BD. Y H O R E BR = 1 2 (HO + EY) X Quadrilateral WXYZ is a kite. Solution: RQ = 7 since all sides congruent. Solution: m!BAD = 100° since consecutive angles are supplementary.

For problems 1-4 use the parallelogram at right. solve for x. 2 Find the required information and justify your answers. what is YZ and XZ? Y GEOMETRY Connections 37 . 7.Example 3 Given that Q and R are midpoints in the trapezoid at right to find m!QMN . W If WX = YZ and WZ = XY. 4. Find the perimeter. 9. 5. find AT. Q m!QRN = 70° since Q and R are midpoints. must WXYZ be a rectangle? If m!WZY = 90° . what is the perimeter of PQRS? If PQ = 3x + 7 and QR = –x + 17. If CT = 9. 10. If m!CDA = 60° . must WXYZ be a rectangle? If WY = 15 and WZ = 9. 8. solve for x. 2. find m!RSM and m!SPQ . 11. If m!PMQ = 4x – 5. 1. D If AT = 4x – 7 and CT = –x + 13 . P M Q S R X For problems 9-12 use the quadrilateral at right. A T 10 C B M 5 N R 70° 8 O 12 For problems 5-8 use the rhombus at right. If PS = 6 . 6. Solution: m!QMN = 120° since MN is parallel to PO. P corresponding angles are congruent. and QR. m!QRN . 3. QR = 1 ( 5 + 8 ) = 6. find m!CBA and m!BAD . 12. then QR 60° is parallel to the bases and with parallel lines. solve for x. must WXYZ be a Z rectangle? If the information in problems 9-10 are both true. If m!PSM = 22° .5 .

!136° 11. 19. no 14. E If m!DCB = 5x + 20 and m!ABC = 3x + 10. 60° 17.5 10.For problems 13-16 use the trapezoid at right with midpoints E and F. Z find m!ZWX . 4 8. 15 16. 120° 7.75 12. 23. 15. A B F C For problems 17-20 use the kite at right. 10 + 2 116 Extra Practice . 95° 38 2. W T X Y Answers 1. If m!EDC = 60° . find EF. If WT = 4. 3 20. 4 6 9. 17. no 13. If m!XWZ = 95° . If EF = 9 and DC = 15. 18. 13. 60° . 44 units 5. 105° 3.75 18. find m!XYZ . 9 units 6. 14. 8 19. 2. yes 15. 22°. find m!AEF . and TX = 10. TZ = 3. 3 4. D If AB = 6 and DC = 10. If m!WZT = 110° and m!WXY = 40° . If WZ = 5 and WT = 4. 12. find ZT. 16. solve for x. find the perimeter of WXYZ. 18. 20. find AB.

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