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. CAI programs use tutorials, drill and practice, simulation, and problem solving approaches to present topics, and they test the student's understanding. Typical CAI provides 1. text or multimedia content 2. multiple-choice questions 3. problems 4. immediate feedback 5. notes on incorrect responses 6. summarizes students' performance 7. exercises for practice 8. Worksheets and tests. Types of Computer Assisted Instruction 1. Drill-and-practice Drill and practice provide opportunities or students to repeatedly practice the skills that have previously been presented and that further practice is necessary for mastery. 2. Tutorial Tutorial activity includes both the presentation of information and its extension into different forms of work, including drill and practice, games and simulation. 3. Games Game software often creates a contest to achieve the highest score and either beat others or beat the computer. 4. Simulation Simulation software can provide an approximation of reality that does not require the expense of real life or its risks. 5. Discovery Discovery approach provides a large database of information specific to a course or content area and challenges the learner to analyze, compare, infer and evaluate based on their explorations of the data. 6. Problem Solving This approach helps children develop specific problem solving skills and strategies. Advantages of CAI 1. one-to-one interaction - They allow students to progress at their own pace and work individually or problem solve in a group. 2. great motivator
ndividual attention Computers capture the students· attention because the programs are interactive and engage the students· spirit of competitiveness to increase their scores. self directed learning ² students can decide when. the program lists frequently used words that start with those letters speeds up the typing process Speech-to-text . or gifted. learn more and more rapidly Computers offer a different type of activity and a change of pace from teacher-led or group instruction. letting students know whether their answer is correct. where.Also. EXAMPLE OF Computer Programs for Writing Word prediction y y Student-specific programs that identify words that student uses repeatedly. 8. 4. 11. and demonstration. Self pacing . average. If the answer is not correct. sound.They allow students to progress at their own pace and work individually or problem solve in a group. 5. Privacy helps the shy and slow learner to learns . multimedia helps to understand difficult concepts through multi sensory approach Computer programs are interactive and can illustrate a concept through attractive animation. 10. freedom to experiment with different options . 6.allow students to proceed at their own pace . when the student types the first few letters.3. and what to learn Programs provide differentiated lessons to challenge students who are at risk. Helps teacher can devote more time to individual students 7. computer-assisted instruction moves at the students· pace and usually does not move ahead until they have mastered the skill. the program shows students how to correctly answer the question. instantaneous response/immediate feedback to the answers elicited -Computers provide immediate feedback.Computer-assisted instruction improves instruction for students with disabilities because students receive immediate feedback and do not continue to practice the wrong skills. 9.
" (Mellon) Gjt/01/19/11 . Despite the computer's ability to tirelessly convey information to address a variety of learning styles. but you can't make them learn. they must be willing. most students need more than hardware to learn. "You can lead a child to a computer.y y y y student speaks into a microphone and the program types the words program must be ´trainedµ to the student·s word pronunciation and speech style student must be taught how to use the program increased speed from thought to text Text-to-speech y y student can hear what she has typed to check if it says what she wants it to say good for editing Spell-checker y y helps student identify misspelled words automatically corrects words if the teacher set the program that way Thesaurus y y offers student other words that mean the same as the word he or she is using adds variety to student·s writing and increases student vocabulary *Constance Mellon indicates that students are far less likely to benefit from CAI without the aid of an instructor to guide them.