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“Learn Arabic Grammar”
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Series of “Videos + Audios + eBooks”
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Issue # 0309
‫ﻯﻉه‬

 By ‫اس ع‬ ‫ﺹﺵﺏ‬

‫ﺱﺍﻍ‬
Haytham Ibrahim
‫ﺗﻔْﻌﻞ‬
 Author Of
Learn Real Arabic System.
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‫هﻱﺙﻡﺍﺏﺱﺙﺹﻉﻱﺍهﻱﻡﺙﻉﺡﻱﻉﻱﺱﻯﻉهﺹﺵﺏﺱﺍﻍهﺥﻡﺝﻙﻝﺹ‬
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“Learn Arabic Grammar”
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‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﻉﺡﻱ‬
‫ﻡﺙ‬ Rule 01 ‫ﻉﻱﺱ‬
‫ﻉﺡﻱ‬ Word and the Types of Words
‫ﻯﻉه‬
‫ﻉﻱﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬
 ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻭﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ‬
‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﺹﺵﺏ‬
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Let’s Start:
‫ﺏ‬ ‫هﻱﺙ‬
‫ﺱﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﻡﺍﺏ‬
What is the meaning of the word "Word" in

‫هﺥﻡﺝ‬ ‫ﺱﺙﺹ‬
‫هﻱﺙ‬ ‫ﻉﻱﺍهﻱ‬
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Arabic?

We call it "‫" "آ‬Ka-le-ma-h", and it comes from

the verb "" which means to speak or to

pronounce.

So any word has a meaning is called "‫" "آ‬Ka-le-

ma-h",

It comes in three types:

1- Noun = " ‫"ا‬

2- Verb = " "

3- Particle = "‫"ف‬

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A Noun " ‫"ا‬

It is independent of other words in indicating its

meaning. It also does not have any tense, as in the

following examples:

‫ = ر‬Man

‫ = ه‬Specific Name

 = Good or Kind

 = Good

‫ = ه‬She

‫ = أ‬I

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A verb " "

It is a word that indicates some action together

with one of the Three Tenses, as in the Following

Examples:

ُ  = He Plays

َ = He Played

ُ  = He Will Play

A Particle "‫"ف‬

It is a word whose meaning cannot be understood

without a noun or a verb as in the following

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examples:

" = From

# ‫ = إ‬To

#% = On

 = In

The Types of Nouns

Nouns are of two types:

1- "  "" = Definite

2- "‫ = "ة‬indefinite

An Indefinite noun = "‫"ة‬

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It is a word, which refers to a general thing. For

example:

1. The word "'()" = a girl, does not refer to any

specific person. It can refer to any Female

person.

2. The word " " does not refer to any particular

beautiful. Every beautiful thing can be called

" "

A Definite noun = "  ""

It refers to a specific thing. As in the following

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examples:

- Mohammad = "*+"" is the name of a particular

person.

- Makkah = """ is the name of a specific city.

- The man = "  ‫ "ا‬refers to a specific person.

The Types of Definite Nouns

Definite Nouns are of Seven Categories:

1. " ‫ ="ا  ا‬proper nouns, e.g. " *"" " *‫" ز‬

2. "- ‫ = "ا  ا‬pronouns, e.g. " ‫" ه" "أ' " "أ‬

3. "‫رة‬./‫ = "ا  ا‬the demonstrative pronoun, e.g. "

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‫ا‬0‫" "ه‬1 ‫"ذ‬

4. "‫ل‬454 ‫  ا‬/‫ = "ا‬the relative pronoun, e.g. " ‫ي‬0 ‫"ا‬

" ‫" ا‬

5. "‫ = "ا (دى‬vocative case, e.g. " ‫" و * " "  ر‬

6. "‫ل‬:) ‫ = "ا  ف‬the noun having (AL) e.g. " * 4 ‫"ا‬

"  ‫" ا‬

7. "  " # ‫ف إ‬- ‫ = "ا‬a noun which is related to any

of the above-mentioned definite nouns, e.g.

"ٍ*+" ‫ = "آب‬Mohammad's Book", the book of

the man. "  ‫"آب ا‬

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Note:

In these examples, the word "‫ "آب‬has become

definite.

Besides the above-mentioned definite nouns, all

other nouns are indefinite. They are also of several

types, two of the main categories being:

1. "‫ات‬0 ‫ – "ا  ا‬a word that denotes the being of

something, living or non-living, e.g. " >"

"‫"إن‬

2. "@A ‫ "ا  ا‬a word that indicates the quality of

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something, e.g. "BCD " " "  "

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