You are on page 1of 16
UDK 202/904 YU ISS 0350-1639 MACEDONIAE ACTA ARCHAEOLOGICA Bpoj 11 1987-1989 3QPY2KEHME HA APXEONIO3UTE HA CP MAKEAOHWJA CKOWE BAH MHKYIM4HK — Cxonje BHKTOPHJA COKONOBCKA - Cxonje TPOBHHIJA BO BPASIIA KAJ CKOTUE Bpasna nexu 10 km ceepuo on uenrapor na Cxonje, Bo jyrosananuoTo nognoxje Ha Ckoncxa Lpnia Popa. Ha j/3 kpaj ma cenoro ce n3qura u3ABOeH PHA Tpanmurre, sucoxo 70 m aq okonmnaTa. Cesepuiara m sanaqia naquia My ce MilOry CTPMUM a Ha jyr M HCTOK TepenioT Tepacecro nafa Hagoay. Bo cesepuioTo NogMOxje Ha PHOT ce cocTaBaaT pekMukuTe Bpasna u Payuika (Uysepcxa). Opa Bona, NOpano KanTupauia, Ga cnposenena ua jyr HTM cHaGAysana auTHuKHOT rpan Cxynm u cpequosexosHo Cxonje co poga 3a nHewe. Ha sapamnernor aps wa [paqmure, jyxnara m sanaqua naga, nexaT ocrarous on yxpenena pauoanTuika nacenba (VII — IV nex om cr.e.), pacnope- Hena Wa HEKOAKY NOASHAaHH Tepacu, Ha nOBpumMHa og 4,5 xa '/. Bo 1985 H 1986 Tojuia Tyka Gea W3BeReHM NpBH cONMPaIba, KAKO M Ha HeKpononata Bequal jyxuo yo uacen6ara */. Orkpuen Geuie nen on rpanGa - equa paGorunimma co OrHMMITe 3a Np-KEHE Ha Pyqa H THN KAMeNA MENHMa 3a ApOGeHe Na ucTaTa, kako H Napauita on OnoBHO ~ cpeGpenta pyna. Enel onopent of THBOK, Hajen TYKA Nopano, Hocu peneden narnuc: KAEOMAX (OY) (cn. ca.11). ‘opmara ua Gyxeute ynatypa ua V - IV Bex on cre. a MMeTO € OM aTHYKO NOTeKNO 3/. Wckonanata Kepamuka e on ucroro ppeme (V ~ IV nek on cr.e.) n cocem xeneusupaiia. Kako rpayexell MarepHjan, Bo paborumunuara OrKpHelM ce Tuurapu H enen yGaBo H3qenKaH Gu0x On TpaBepTHul. Bo Texor Ha opHe paGoTH NpHBseKOa BIMMaLIHe OKonY 60 aNTHUKH KaMenHH Gnoxosn, BrpaneHH BO HeKOsKY CTApM CEsICKH KKH BO CeBePHOTO MORUOAje Na Tpaquurre. Baokosure Gune y6aBo H3pesKAHM Of TpaBepTHH, CO AMMEHHK KOM ce nosropysaar. Crpaunre uM ce ykpacenn co cura OapOormia, a Bpamern co wenakuarH MasHM neHTH. OpHe 6NOKOBH ceslalHTe TM KoMaNe Bo ceBepuoTo Nommoxje ua Tpanmure, nenocpeno nox Yenoro Wa esa Kapna xoja ce Maguecysa way pexara (,Tonema H wana pyna'). Hexou On0KoBM Gune wuiory TONeMM 4 cenauTe TH KPULeME 3a Na MOAT CO BONOBH fa TH OBseYaT Joma. Popmara n AMMensHHTe Ha GAOKOBHTE, KAKO M HAMMILOT Ha OGpaborKara yharyBaa Ha panioanTH4ko Bpeme. HusiiaTa GpojHocr m MHKpo — nonoxK6ara ‘omuuNpaa equa rpoOunya. Paxror jeKa TpavepTiai Hema wo Bpasga (11aj6nn- ckHOT Maem neu Kaj 'Censape, 23 kM 3anajuo on Bpasga), KaKO M ronemuuara Na omen Gnoxosu, a6opysaa eka ce paGOTH 3a HCKYYNTeNIO peRoK MonyMentanen O6jexT. Co BakBH NpeTMOCTaBKH Noguecen e npegnor 7o Mysejor Ha Maxenonuja a ro opraiiaupa uckonysaivero ua rpoGumuata M oGesGeqn cpencrsa 3a paborara. 80 Vi, Muxymans, B, Coxononexa, Tpobinnara no Bpaona, Kaj Cxonje, MAA 11, UDK 202008, 1990 y Tlotmnuannre, co noMoui Ha HeKonKy CTpy ‘iH H TERI COpACOTIMNK / 10 — 12 paGormun, paGorea 11a nexonyaaiteTo of 6.6. 10 15.9. 1986 roma. Tlopan opramsauuionnre mpoGaemn no Mysejor 4 nesamtrrepecupalioc™ aa }aTamomoTo OTKpHBaise, 80 1987 roawua ne € paGorenio Ha Tepelior a 1989 romara camo fo HeKonky ella, 3a a ce pacuncraT ypaTuTe NpobHnH, Na ce Mpemectat quCNOUMpaHHTe GNOKOBH M fla ce Ge on Amba i |OBHCaHH 2KHBOTHH, CppsenH BO pol " 2 cer Conia Gea nexonar npexy 1800 o° Kamel! w sewja w oTKonaIY BHaTpeumocta Ha TiapHaTa Tpobla KOMOpa H Ae Of MPHeTAMHOT XOMINK (apomoc). Konatio e 0 qraGouna yo 12 M nox nompuiniara Ha Tepetor. Kyatypsor cnoj aocruran yeGenmua (11a Mecta) yo 10 m. Mckonor e enoumpan Ha MpocTopoT 3anaqHo OM TPOGHHUATA. Crparurpaduja wa naogure. TpoOummara Guna ncewena Bo naguiia Koja xoco nafa ua cesep # santag. Ha ucromuor Kpaj ce nporera josra BapoBiMKa xapma Koja cxanecTo ce nana ua jyr. 'poOnnuara, 3acunana co nopeke Merpa HacHn 7O BHCHHa Ha Kapnata, usa coceM cKpHeHla H Ge3 HaqBOpeUIIH BHNAMBH arn. TPa*Tlon cnojor on xymye penlenTimTe HaHlocH ce MojaBH aNTHNKHOT MacHn, cbopmupan on Temua semja, Kacbeapa rnuiia u Muory KaMen (peyen H xpulent). Hekonky Kamen rpomagu Gea TOMKY TomeMH, UITO 6e3 HHMBHOTO KpUIEHbe ie Mozkea jla ce H3BanaT. Bo nacnnoT Gea KonCTaTHpaln MiOry TOpeTHHH H mene, MPMAPyKeH CO KHEOTMHCKH KOCKM (KO3a — OBLIa, cBitIea, KOH). ToKpaj sanaz- HMOT suf Ha rpobHata KoMopa M NapaneToT Ha XOMMWKOT Wacumiaia Ona ceeTioxkoura nanopecta rmmua. JlexMurra 1a anop uma 11a 1 —2 KM Kou c/3 ut j/3 on rpoOumyata. Kepamnxara nouna ja ce nojaysa na 1 —1,5 m qaGoumua; Hajnpso ce nanpe na Mapsiiea on roneMu TpyGH calOBM — Man MHTOCH M JMHOCH, roneMM TpHUH H umm. Tue 6ywie KpulenM Ha nHue MecTo H cppnaltM Bo HacnnioT. Bo noplaGoKHTe OrkoMH wanese Maca on nocuHa KepaMuKa (amGanaxKua, KyjlIcKa M Tpnesna), paGorena rnasiio tia Komue. Hcrara e cocem xenenHsHpaita, raBio CMBO Neyeria H yepacena co rpacuTupaiwe (uanere) HH Masnere. HajOpojim ce xHapaure, noToa amdopure, ckuocure, pasnwaim yMnMH Mp. Toman mpouenr on Kepamukara € KepaMugtio neyelt, GoeH co upH HH paspenen (kacpeas) cupnnc, NenyMHO cnukan. Toa € aTH4ka KepaMHKa Of UpBeHocHrypanuMoT cru WK MoHOxpomaa, on kpajor 1a Vu pauwor IV Bex on cr.e */. Oxomy 10.000 napunita Kepamika ce OMCTeHM, KaCHPMUMpAHM H HjeNTHd>HKysaLH; OKOity 1.000 nap- Suiea Of HMB ce ONGPaHM 3a pexOUcTpyKwHja, HCUpTanM M enoMMpain Bo Mysejor; apyrue ce jenoumpatm Ha Tepenior. Kepamuxara € aofatia Bo HacMMOT AO nosNOTO MBO Ha KOMOpaTa H XOHHKOT. THNONOUIKH pa3nHkH Mefy HaoqMTe OA pasnHHHUTe cHOeBH O;HOCHO AaaGouMHH He ce saGenexanH. BpeMelickHoT pacnoll Ha HCKONalMoT KepaMHYKH Marepujan onpaka camo nekomky qeuenHn. TPOBHH TPAJIBH Aucnouxpanu On0Kosn. Bo uacunor wan xoqHHKor, Haq M BO KOMOpaTa aexese GpojHH oOpaborenm TpapepTwlcKH GnOKOBH. THe GHe nHCHOUMpaHH — ypHarH Of MpuMapHara HH cekymapHa rpaqOa M sareKuaTH Kako myn. TIpeKy BaKBH Nlapyiita ce HyMepupali, HcUpralM, BiIecelM BO Tyiall co noTpeOua xaj Ckonjes MAA 11 UDK 202904, 1990 B, Coxononexs, Fposunara no Bpa cmeraat Bo HaTaMommiara padora. Merpuika HW nanaqen on choeBHTe 3a HA Ae {611ara KOMOpa, loManky Vette norexuiynane riapiio on monmovennior OM 18 FP On suosire n nparara ia KoNopara (11 1 se etc naGo On qhasa). Xoquuxor u KoMopara on II ¢basa anexen MaTepijal MpHCOOpalt OM Npaoburnata rpanGa, AypH npoBusopllo, OA es Se -bOpMa = tiOaam pasmaim apyrn objexrH. Gavoa Tyxa opeKapae Forows Sunn | ergy GnoxonH, honparunuin n ApyrO = KOM MPBOOHTNG HN A bynKuwja He € sum Gute Hapenkam OX oxammoT nano. HIBIITA "PrN ee ee cexoraut jactia, Mefy OnoxosnTe no jyrxnmor sin 1a KoMOPaTA CES Ca en OM nageparunxor H noe CO KON Gust sarBOPeH CIT BO MANOP TTS BHOKOBHTe Of NOAHHOT MIOYHHK TH HajHOBMe HCTIPC' Ne nacnctante on 2M nian noguara mtpenera no 1,20 m juraGoKo nox nonor. Mery ANCTOMNpANNE GnoKosu uma u 6 urruropH (3 enn m3 cbparmenTHpatn), opal ss oe arayio 3a0Gnenn (cn.8). Tp of HMB MMaaT wanlazazl NpouIMpelt paces Ps nocra6uano croewe. Fonemm ce 97 x 71, 110 x 63, 88 X72 4 ee oe post ony no 34 em. Hpenuara crpaiia ws ykpacerta co cirrita Gapoorinia H Bpamena co Ma3na nentra. Pabor na 3aquara crpatia ¢ 3a0G/eH H crecHeT — OGHBA BHeNaTOK AeKa MITHTOBHTe 3aTHOpane KaxO KaNAllH HeKOH OTBOPH — HMM; 4 of 1B nexea npem jyKHHOT sHA Ha KOMOPATA, OHANBOP, BO HHBO 1a xognukor Il. [Iga urura 6wie TypHarH M3 HacHHO OTBOpelaTa BpaTa JOY, BO rpo6nara Komopa. Hejacna cynkunja wana equa yGaso wageaKana mo4a Bo cbopma 1a npapwien OcyMaromuK, ronema 35 x34 16,5 cM. Tpo6uara xomopa I. Mma npasoaromua ociiosa opnenrupana Toso 3 — M1, ronema 9,70 x6,60 m (siarpe 7,24 5,05 m). Toquoro 1MB0 e Harmaceno co’ majanen BeHeN OKOAY sHAOBHTe, UMpOK 12 M BHCOK 30 cM. Ton Hero sHnOT nanerypa 2a yurre 18 ~ 20 cm napnarpe, cbopmupajkn uuBemera Bp3 Koja Gwe CaoxKeNM NoAUNTe M104 — GnoKoBH. [Bara nenWA ce yOaBO OGpadoTeHH ykpacenm co spamenta Gap6orwua. Ton HMB 3anounysa TeMenHHMOT jem, On OnoxosH rpy6o wsjenkanH H HeykpacenH. TeMenoT 1eKH Bp3 H3NeNKaHAa MeKa kapna (co — senen uIKpwnen) Ha McToMnaTa Ht jyakila crpana omMocHO Ha anysujanuMoT nanioc (Necok) Ha 3ananuara u cepepnara crpana (cn. 1,2). Swjosute na rpo6iara KoMopa 3a4yBallM ce BO HHBIIATA NpBOOMTHA BUCHHA on 4,20 Ha NOROT; rope 3appulyBaar BO Hera IutBenera, panenu ce BoHpeALO npeuvaHo H aybaun Gea necbopauyn. BaoKosure ce cocrasenn GecnpeKopio H ulebopire enpaj ce rienaat. Oprocrarire ce mvKaaT BO Hera BuciMa, Ha cute 4 sua. HanaMenmuno ce mxar pen BoRopanio neruaTH Gi0KOBH (BucoKH 22 — 31 ©) ps ump 1 —3 pena Goro nocrasenn 60KOBH (BuicoKH 44 — 60 em), Cure ce eee gecesi GapOoruna (cx. 2, 5, 6, 7). : MuiaimiTe GOKOBH TO MpeTcrasysaar BHaTpeLmMOTo Sumcee manas Spero Perna speoro se wa gone Kpulewmt H Pein KaMeiba. SwjonHTe HeMane uaywopemmo auNe GunelKn ce noTmMpaar Ha 31paBHua, BO Koja KOMOpara € WW1460KO Bkonatia. Camo a nara Sovia Ha sanaqHHoT sf Gia OOnO*KeHa ONNAABOP CO roneMM, Hee, an 60: ‘TeHH OOKOBH TpaBeprHH H Nanop. tcc beOe- Ha cpeamta 11a jy-x1mor sug, crow Bpara, Bi H umpoxa 1,42 m. Bnesor (npemunior) Bi TOMr 180 Ma tacwin eae 140 M1 © connanana npexy 6 crenenmun. Hansopeuminre aopatiaty ce one: awn. Ha sanaqumot sin, Gnuay jyxumot xpaj, Bo najropniata soa cron 11, Mayasatg, B. Coxononexa, 'poGumnara no Bpaana, xaj Ckonje, MAA 11, UDK 202/904, 1990, 85 Tpucramaor xoquHx Gun wupox-na nojor 2,20 M, Harope Manky ce LMpest, a qna6ox 2,40 M MepeHo Kon rniennoT HacHn, omtiocHo 4 M nog, fapaneTIMOT si. Honor My ne: AMpextio wa. kapnecrara gnpasHua (Mex cuHlo-senelt uixpiizeu). Bo nonsHmaiHor sen npen BnesOT BO KOMOpara, BO HOsKAHA Of OKONY 3M, OcpopMeH € BOROpaMHO H AenymMO. nommOYeH a NOTOa ce KA4YBa KOCO Ha jy, caenejk TO MPHponHMoT na ia Tepenot (Kapnata). Co KoHTpomHa coma TO caeneame BO ROmKHHIA On 8 M (cx. 2-4). Xo II (qpooc II). Orxpnen e Bo uacunor eps xonunxor I, 80 AomKuna on 9 oquoctio 12 M, @ Ha HMBenetara nosucoKa 3a 3 M of xomumKor I (Bo cenepuHoT nen). Tporerajku ce wa jyr, sucuucxara pasniKa ce Hlamanysa Ha oKony 2 M. Ockara Ha XonMHKOT IIe omecteia xon HcTOK x ja jonupa rpoGHara KOMopa Ha 1,70 M mowcroaHo on Ockara Ha xonMAKoT I. Xoqunkor II € BKonaH BO HaG0j On xacheasa rama, umpox 1,20 M 1 anaGox 1,50-1,80 m; wMeHo, TOAKY BHCOKO ce 3a4yBaHH HETOBHTe GO4HH sHOBH, OGNO%KeHH CO BEpTHKANHO NOCTaBeHH KaMeHH Gnoxosu. Baokosure ce rpaeH cocem npoBsH30pHo H cnaGo HTH HajaOBMe CHHO yOMeCTeNM HIM COceM naguaTH on HABIMTe MecTa. BHatpeumocta Ha xonHNKOT IL 6una uenommeTa co MHory Mex HacHn of nenen, ropeTHH H TeMHIa 3eMja, BO Koja ajloBMe MHOTY KepaMuKa 4 %HBOTHHCKM KOCKM. Of xomHHKOT II ce BiTeTyBa:TO BO xomopara II uit3 npopusopua epara, umpoxa 1,20 m. Bucunara ne it € 3a4ynalta nopag ypuparsero wa jyaxunor sus (cn. 1-4). Tpo6 2. Beme orkonau Bo ucrownmor npopin, 7,40-8 M BHCOKO Han nogoT Ha xounkor I, onnocuo 4,305 m nay nopoT a xoqunKor II H oxony 1,40-1,70 m non. Nospumnata Ha TepeHor, Ha 3,606 m j/M on rpoOuara KoMopa (cn. cx. 1). Ce paGoru 3a naurka npasoaromua jama (1,30x80X15 mM) , ucnoniiera co roperman, enen u wsropeum 4ope4KH KocKM. Bo j/m aron nexea enoBM on KepaMHuKa Cn, 5 Bpasna, rpoGwinara no rexor Ma nexonynaisara, ON 33110 Fot. 5 Brasda, Die Gruft im Laufe der Ausgrabung. DK 202/94, 1990 86_H. Manxynunk, B. Coxoronexa, Fpoommara no Bpasta, Kaj Cxonje, MAA 1 U) Cx. 6,7 Bpa3i(a, rpo6ifa komopa, jyxen sii no TeKor na, Mckonynarara. Fot. 6,7 Brasda, Trayertinschilde aber dem Dromos, Hi. Muxyuns, B. Coxononexa, CpoGiumara no Bpayna, xaj Ckonje, MAA 11, UDK 202/904, 1990, 87 sumija, karpeano nevena 4 cpeGpena cbuGysa og ManoasucKn THM (Kpaj Ha V— part IV nek oncr-e. en. 10). Een norosem 2kenesen Bps of cTpesa, MpellH3H0 HCKOBar uyGano OG2HKyBaN a Hajnen npH cpopMHpaH.eTo Ila HCTOMMHOT MPOKHs, MOTEKIY- Ban MoxeGH Of UCTHOT Fpo6 (cn. 9). Tpo6uara jama Gna noxpuenta co 16 uean m 8 cparmentHpanm napuniea (rpetmm) on TenkH TeryaH, romemn 53x31,5%3,5 cM, cnoxerm Bo 2 cioja noROpamito, Bo 3 nomKIM penoBH. THe chopMupane pamen KBanpaTeHt KanaK roe 1,30x1,30 m. Hexonky on ope Terynn Gune nevenm, joneKa ocranaTHTe Gue yeneveltn (MMHTap), Of, TOT ia OBA MecTo CHAO Haropenm M Taka 3a4yeann. Bp3 xanakor Ons asian Berteu, om KaMerba, ronem 2,30%1,60 MH BHcoK 70 0,50 M. Cnoxen © of Gupann pein Kamera, cure co jajuesMaua (hopMa M cocem MocHecTH a NOBp3aiM co Muory Gena nanopecra rnuiia. Buatpeumocra wa BeneuoT Guna NOxpHena co 2-3 cnoja TelIKM KAMENM MONK UITO KOCO Mpomaz- ane BilaTpe. Tpo6 3. Flenymno e orkonan na jyxunor kpaj na connara, 11 m jy:kHo om rpoGiara KOMOPa, HO HACHNOT BeAHaIu Nay McTONMOT NapaneT a xoqUMKOT II (en. cn. 1,2). Bo npautatse e enuocrapia rpag6a, nposnsopuo cnoxena on KpuleHH Kamera, suai tacyso. fluoro e Gnaro BAnaGeno mM co Nenpapunna Kpy:kNa chopMa, ronemo oxony 80x90 cm. Baio npemauxano co rama 1 miren3HBio (upseno) niaropeno. Sujonnre ce creciyaaar rope 1 lenpaBnsuio ja naycRoaysaay npasiin- tiara. IstoTo G40 NoKpHeno co cso ON Nenen MropeTMIM, ana cpemMnaTa sexe eneu Yepen, Ge3 posta BuMya. Uepenor e yen MH npynafan na maga Kena (oxony 20 roaunn)® fIpyrs kock# nema. Bo npan T OKPTHEN HGBpUlel No 3acunyBareTo na xoquMKOT LIM KOMOpara II. YkwxyBaMe Ha yiure enen FpoO: 11a NOAOT BO XOAUMKOT 1, Ha jyxKUMOT Kpaj on commara, ce nojabija KOCKH OA Nepen na ema Bospacna ocoba. Eneu nen on HB € HaBajell 3a excrepTH3a, a apyrHTe Ocranane BO HeOTKONANKOT CAO} Cn. 8 Bpawts, rpoGume, karen st srr00N Fol. 8 Brasda, Hauptkammer, Sdwand wahrend der Ausgrabung. “konje, MAA 11 UDK: 202904, 1990 88H. Minymonk, B. Coxononcxa, PpoGumara no Bpaya, xaj CKonje, 199 Cx, 9-11 Bpasna, aor (apn on crpena, chuGyna, ononen opmb0x) Fot. 9-11 Brasda, Kleinfunde (Pfeilspitze, Fibel, Bleiabguss). 3AKNY4HM PASMIEAH Tpo6unuata so Bpasya He e orKonana yenocuo HHTY KcTpaxkena OKpaj, 34 fa Moxe fa ce OHece UenOcelt cyq 3a Hea. Cenak, jacun ce noweke enemenTit O) HejsHHoTo rpajeise, HaMewa m ucropujar. Tlo Hamenara, rpo6unuara Gna HeCOMHeHO BaayeTecKa. 3a Toa s60pyBa npey c& HejsmHara roneMUHa, NOTOA KBauMTeTOT Ha Tpaelbe H OGpaGorka Ha OnoKoBuTe, 3a MITO Gwe aNTAsKHpallll i. Maxyasoné, B. Coxonovexa, TpoGumiara no Bpaana, xaj Cxonje, MAA 11, UDK 202/904, 1990, 89 BpBHH TpYkH apxHTeKTH. Harnacysame eka ykpachHOT TpapeprHH, co Koj Ow1e TpaneHH mMATa Ha SHOBHTe, GN HOCH Bamy Ha jaedHHa On 23 KM. HasmHoT 11a Tpajleise, Co janpo On Kpulen Kamen m HaOmena runa n O6paGoTeHH KamenH ma e rpukw. Yxpachara Texnuka ta GapGoraua, co Garo WaqajleHM MasHM PaMKH, CO paMHH sma (Ge3 avaTHpo3a HAM pycruKa) M paboBu Bo HcTa paMHMHa, OGenexja ce Ha ATHHCKOTO rpagexKHHUITBO ON VW paHHoT IV Bex of ct.e.’. Ose enemenTH jacho HM KOHTpactHpaaT Ha OGenexjara om cneAHMOT, KeeHNCTHUKH fepHON 2 ko MownysaaT fa ce copmupaar oxony cpemmnata na IV BeK of cT.c. *. HaGpoenmte oGenexja, npecynum sa naTupare na rpoOmuara, HMaaT uemocHa nommiopa H BO Hajlewara KepaMuka, uiTo ja jaTHpaMe RO HCTOTO BpeMe. Tpo6umuara so Bpasqa umana paMen mppeH Tasar, Kako ITO € KaKaHO vanpen. TpoOMMuH rpanenn uenocHo HAM jenyMHO OR pBO ce mocTapM u NoejHocTaBHH BO cnopej}6a co KaMenuTe TPOOHHUH, ace cpekapaar nH3 VI-IV Bex 09 cT.e. Ha mupOKHOT Expo-asvickH mpocTop no Kane JONMpane jy-KHATE BIA nmja’. CpoOumusre on mMakenoucxa Tun, on qounnor IV x III Bex om cr.c., SacBeneHM ce CO KaMeHH cponoBn '; HcTo u TpaKHcKHTe rpoOnMuH’!. Sacnenena Guna w TpoOnmuara Bo TeToRo, waxy MHOTY CMMYHa Ha HallaTa M rpaneHa OM. ‘TpapeprilickH GAOKOBA Ha MCT HaYHH, caMO wITO € MHOry momama (5,31x3,511,85 m) a sumosuTe HMane ma3xa nospummua . Hejsuoro jaTupare ocranyBa orsopeno. Cnopea HasHHOT Ha rpanerse Hajsepojatno Hacranana Bo IV BeK Of cT.e., Mefyroa, 6pousenata craryera Ha mposyenara Menaga, najlena BO rpoOumata, s6ynyea. HspaGorena e 0 nounnot VI Bex TpoSunmara Bo Bpa3na ce pasnuxysa of rpoOumuure OM MaxeqOHCKH Tun H NO WiaHoT Ha OcHOBaTa: Hema MpeTKOMopa, a TnaBHaTa KOMopa e nocTaBetia Tompesnio Ha ApoMocor. Bo Hea He € NonOxKeH ympeHnoT, a HachnoT of|rope He cbopaupan moruna (TyMynyc) Tyky ce cronysan co oxommuata. M nauiyre KaMeH UITHTOBH HE Ce NlO3HaTH Ha MaKefOHCKOTO noApayje. AnanorM MMaMe BO naneunoto Cenepo TpaepHomopje, po nnayleTesckHTe CkHTCKH TpOOHHIH BO Conoxa w so Tasupux ua Anraj'’. opmara na oBoj urrHT € BOOOHYaeHa BO Ermer. Octanysaar nejac norexnoro Ha ropeHaneyensre enemenrH 4 naTHuuTara NO KOH crHrHame jo Hac. Hejaca ocranysa a cyjOmnara na concrseHmKor Ha rpoOmuata. Cnopen curyaumjara OTKpHeHa CO HCKONyBa¥aTa Moxe pa CE sakny4u cnequoTo: — Ilo MBBPUIEHMOT NorpeGeH MepeMolujan BpaTara Ha KOMOpaTa Ouja gaTBopeHa ommaysop (co 2 ToseMH mIO¥H) H Bpatara K APOMOCOT 3acHMalM CO >%o:TO- Kacheana rma, Bo Koja NoBpeMeno Gwe cranyBaHM KPTBH M KpuleHH canoBn. Co Gena nanopecra rina Gun 3acunan 3anaqnnor su} (Co CBeTAApHMUTe) 10 1HBOTO Na NOKpHBOr, a HCTO Taka M apaneTHHOT SHA Ha Sanlaquara CTpalla Ha XOAUMKOT. Tipexy cé oga e nacunana Temma semja M Kacbeawa rnulia co Mulory Kamen, nenen, kpulelia KepaMHKa H KHBOTHICKH KOCKH. Ce smn jexa Ha6pry no norpeOor KpaqunTe Mponpese Onrope HUS HacHTOT RO Bpatara, ja pasOune m Bnerme BO KOMOpaTa. Buyejku ue ro wane TyKa YMPeHHOT, YeNOCHO TO NpeKonane HomNONeHHOT oY. Konase go gnaGounna on 1,20 m nog nopor, a uckonaiuTe GnOKOBH Gecnourrenuo TH Kpulene u ebpsane BO Hekonor. Taka BO KOMOpaTa HacraHan HacHn BHCOK jo 2 M Nay nogor. Op ornot ITO Ow SanaseH ON ABeTe CTpaHIK Ha BPaTaTa, BHaTpe Ha NojOT, ce ourreTHne BHaTpeumre AoBpaTAHuH. Toa ceKaKo ro 3a6p3ana 4 BOAaTAa (O>xHOBIHLA) 1TO Npoxpena nus yynka 50 KoMopara. Ogrope OiWe TypltaTH BO KOMOpara H HeKOTKy Gnokonn, wety ump 1 2 of cloMHaTHTe KaNelIH WITHTOBH. 90_H. Minxynvang, B. Coxononexa, FpoGumnara no Bpaana, xaj Ckonje, MAA 11. UDK 202/904, 1990 Bo npunor na opoj 3akny4ox — eka yMpenmor He nounBan Bo KOMOpara — aOopypa M thaxTor yeKa He ce Hajye imTy nape om enentyamMoT capkocbar (kamenen) 11 nerosara ocnona. Cniano iia 6pojtm npyrs rpoGumus on noctapo BPeMe, H KOMOpata BO Bpa3qa Maa HecoMHeHO KOMeMOpaTHBeH Kapaktep, AOReKa yMpenHoT Gun pkoNaN HeKane NoKpaj Hea. Tlo HacuaHoTo Brerysarse, HacneqHMNHTe Ha ympenuoT muTepsenmpane. Uenara koopa Gua Hacunaria co 2eMja, a sp3 Tasanor Guna warpayeria nopa KoMeMoparuBHa rpaj(6a (komopa Il), TouH0 no raGapuToT Ha npeata KOMOpa ron nea. a usrpanOa na nejsnmure sHqOBH Gre JompeMenH HOBH ONOKOBH, BO ToneM Fen Of AoKaNMHOT nanop H NoManKy rpiDKnMBO WAenKaNH. HeKow GroKoBH 6une usBanleHH Of ROmMaTa KOMopa — BeKe HanpeM| CrlomHaBMe JIeKa TyKa TH Mpenioana- BaMe mioyuTe On Bparata m HanspatHMKor. Hopara KoMopa 6114 BHCOKa Hajmanky 3M —~ Tonky e sayynan nejannuor Hcrouen sux. Tpara om Hejamuor Toxpus nema. [lo Hea Boxe Hon ApoMoc (xoquMKoT Il), BKOMaH BO HacHnOT Ha ummpenara Koja e 3 m nosucoxa on xoquuxor I nog Hero. Tlo saspmiennor sun, opaa rpaqOa Guna wenocHo 3acunaila co Hacun, jeGen ToBeke Merpa. Bps Apomocor II Onna ocopmena xpTRenara KOCTpyKuHja CO Tawa na Magia Ker (rpo6 3), a yurre nogoupa, Kora cé Guno 3arpynano noa cHmmor Hacun, Gun BKONaH rpo6or 2. Henanexy cesepno u c/n on ronemara omopa HMa Tpari on mpyra rpoGin KONCTPYKUMH, TpateHH HCTO Taka Oy enKal TPaBePTHH H YKPaceHIM CO BpaMena apGorHna, Ho co noma quMer3HN; BepojarHo npHnafane ia npHApy:xHMMUTe Ha BuayleTeNOT Koj Tyka MouMBa BO ce yurTe HeHapymeHHoT MUD. Ocranysa ornopéno yurre enuo sia4ajHo npamiare: snja Gua rpobumjana? Oso} mpoGnem sacera Ke ro ocrasume nacrpana. Mefyroa, Tpe6a sa norceTume, Jeka BO TOA paHo BpeMe, Mefy HapopuTe M TeMMHATA CeBepHO On anTHIKaTa Maxeonnja camo Tlajomre ycneane ja wsrpanat suctuicka ppxapHa opranusa- uuja. Bo nepuonor Kora e noqurnara rpo6ummara no Bpasga, Ckonckata xornina BepojaTHo ja Hacenypano najorcKoTo meme Arpujanm. Bo npouecor 1a oGenuny- BalbeTo Ha Majonnre, 08a MOKHO nu1eme Hajlonro ja sanpxKaso cnojara nonwruaKa camocrojiiocr, 3a nooua fa crate cocrapen jen Ha najoucKara apxxana. SaaypaunTe nuuanH nonarouK a60pyBaar 3a Tec nomMTHKH BpcKH noMery Majoumja w Atma, a opne nak npousnerysane ox oGoctpannor exonomcKn muTepec. ApxconouiKHTe Ha0qH ykaxkyBaaT Ha palo npucycrao wa jenoBunTe ayfe on Aruna 80 nauinTe Kpamiirra na w Bo Cxonckata KoTaHna ~ Tprobiln H SallaeTsuH, Crpy4tbau 3a pyapcrso M MeTanypruja, rpagutenu, Bo KouTeKcr co Oba Tpeba ja ce oGjacun H rpanerero Ha rpoOliMuata Bo Bpasja: SABENEWKH * Tonorpatbexnor mpuraa ia nacenGara xaj H. Muxynamé, Crapo Ckonje co oxomurre Taps, Ceonje 1982, 21-23; ocrawarmre nctospesetm wacen6u bo ono} peruow: w.n., 24-35; ocopr Ha najoncxure aos no Cxoncxara Korma kaj B. Coxononexa, Heap Mapsunign » Tlovapnapjero #0 ‘asrrnuxo npeme, Cxonje 1986, 35-40, * Thon paxononeroo wa T. Muxyronk w JI. Mutpencist ox Myzejor xa Maxenonnja. Haoyurre ce 20 NCTHOT Mysej, HeoOjanetm, } Pape-Benseler, Worterbuch der griechischen Eigennamen, Graz 1959, 674 “Ha oa ecto 104 6naronapame 3a crpyxaTa NOMOll Ha TepeNOT: Ha xoWsepnaTopie-xepavauvapi on Myscior fl. Kapananane » M, Tyua (1986-88) w apxeonor J], Mierpenciat (1988), wa Tporp. P- Crojanoncas 2a ugenrucpuxysaiie Ha tparepraior; ~ Ha II, Akkwoncxn n weronsre copaGorronps Of Omuranara Yanp 3a TexnwuKata m cbHHaHcucKa loMoM NO McKONyBanaTa,