y y y y y

SPIKE CONNECTOR: inserted into the solution¶s container and is kept sterile. DRIP CHAMBER: allows the fluid to flow one drop at a time, making it easy to see the flow rate PIGGYBACK JUNCTION: Allows infusion of another IV Fluid into the same line ROLLER CLAMP: it controls the rate of the flow INJECTION PORT: Used for administration of medications like antibiotic

DEFINITION: Intravenous Fluid therapy or IVF therapy is the administration of liquid substances directly into a vein. It is the fastest way to deliver fluids and medications throughout the body.

contains Na. D50W50 (50% Dextrose in 50 ml of water) ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS Electrolyte solutions are either NaCl (saline solutions) or multiple electrolyte solutions containing varying amounts of cations and anions.contains Na.45% NaCl (half strength normal saline) b. 2.33% NaCl ( one third strength normal saline) 3. To provide salts needed to maintain electrolyte balance. Commonly Used Solutions are: 1. Cl & Lactate 2. Ringer's Solution . D5 in 0. Ca. D5W (5% dextrose in water) .contains only electrolytes Na&Cl. 4. 3.9% NaCl) . TYPES OF INTRAVENOUS FLUID ACCORDING TO TONICITY 1. Isotonic Solution y Solution that have a concentration of dissolved particles or tonicity equal to the body fluid which is used to maintain fluid intake and reestablish water volume y Examples of IVfluids: a. y Examples of Hypotonic Fluids: a. To promote a life line for rapidly needed medications. K.contains no electrolytes c. Cl. K. D10W ( 10% Dextrose in water) e. Ca 3. To supply fluids when clients are unable to take in an adequate volume of fluids by mouth. 5.contains electrolytes Na & Cl only 2. the main fuel for metabolism. D5LR (5% Dextrose in Lactated Ringer's Solution) d. To provide water-soluble vitamins and medications. b.45% NaCl ( 5% Dextrose in half strength normal saline) c.PURPOSES OF INTRAVENOUS FLUID 1. Normal Saline Solution (0. y It makes the cell shrink y Given to patients with hyponatremias (Na deficits) with edema y Examples of Hypertonic Fluids: a. Cl. To provide glucose (dextrose). 0. Lactated Ringer's Solution . K. NSS (NOrmal Saline Solution/ 0.9% NaCl Solution) .contains Na. Lactated Ringer's Solution . Hypertonic Solution y It has tonicity or solute concentration greater than that of the body fluid. Ca & Lactate( a salt of lactic acid that is metabolized in the liver to form bicarbonate) . Hypotonic Solution y It has lesser tonicity than that of the body fluid and has lesser solute concentration that makes the cell swell y Used to provide free water and treat cellular dehydration. D5NSS (5% Dextrose in normal saline solution) b. 0. www.INTRAVENOUS FLUID REGULATION Intravenous (IV) fluid regulation refers to the manual or automatic pump control of the rate of flow of IV fluids as they are delivered to a patient through a vein. Drip / Drop Factor y Macrodrop: 15 drops/minute y Microdrop: 60 drops/minute Milliliter/Hour Total Infusion Volume = ml/hour Total Infusion Time Drops/Minute Total Infusion Volume Drop Factor = drops/minute X Total Infusion Time 60 FACTORS INFLUENCING FLOW RATES 1. 2. usually within a given hour of IV therapy. he purpose of intravenous fluid regulation is to control the amount of fluid that a patient is receiving. 3. Without fluid http://nursingreference. Position of the forearm Position and patency of the tubing Height of the infusion bottle Infiltration or fluid leakage Size of anhiocatheter IV CANNULA y y y y y Gauge 26 ± violet Gauge 24 ± yellow Gauge 22 ± blue Gauge 20 ± pink Gauge 18 ± green REFERENCES: http://findarticles. the IV would run in by gravity at a rapid rate and could cause fluid or drug . 5.blogspot.

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