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Your Course Notes
These notes have been prepared by British Airways Engineering Training to provide a source of reference during your period of training. The information presented is as correct as possible at the time of printing and is not subject to amendment action. They will be useful to you during your training, but I must emphasise that the appropriate Approved Technical Publications must always be used when you are actually working on the aircraft. I trust your stay with us will be informative and enjoyable.

JOHN QUINLISK Training and Quality Delivery Manager

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

AIR CONDITIONING
GENERAL
Air Conditioning Level 2 (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

AVIONICS VENTILATION
System Warnings (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 System Description and Operation (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 System Interfaces (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL (Classic)
System Presentation (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Pack Presentation (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 System Warnings (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Flow Control & Pack Components D/O (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Pack Sensors Description/Operation (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Cockpit & Cabin Components D/O (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Zone Temperature Controller Interfaces (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Emergency Ram Air Inlet D/O (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

FORWARD CARGO COMPT VENTILATION/HEATING (option)
System Controls Presentation (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 System Warnings (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

AFT CARGO COMPT VENTILATION/HEATING (option)
System Controls Presentation (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 System Warnings (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROL (Enhanced)
System Presentation (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Pack Presentation (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 System Warnings (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Flow Control & Pack Components D/O (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Pack Sensors Description/Operation (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Cockpit & Cabin Components D/O (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Zone Temperature Controller Interfaces (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 # Emergency Ram Air Inlet D/O (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

PRESSURIZATION
System Description/Operation (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 System Warnings (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 System Control Interfaces (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 System Monitoring Interfaces (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Functional Test of MAN Motor of Outflow Valve (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

U3T06191 - U13T1M0

GENERAL VENTILATION
System Design Presentation (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 - AIR CONDITIONING TABLE OF CONTENTS May 11, 2006 Page 1

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2)
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The air conditioning system main function is to keep the air in the pressurized fuselage compartments at the correct pressure and temperature. In details, this system provides the following functions: - cabin temperature control, - pressurization control, - avionics ventilation, - cargo compartment ventilation & heating (optional).

U3T06191 - U13T1M0 - UM21BA000000001

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 - AIR CONDITIONING

AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2)

May 10, 2006 Page 2

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

U3T06191 - U13T1M0 - UM21BA000000001

SYSTEM OVERVIEW
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 - AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10, 2006 Page 3

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2)
SYSTEM OVERVIEW (continued) CABIN TEMPERATURE CONTROL
The Single Aisle family is equipped with two air conditioning packs located in the wing root area forward of the landing gear bay. The packs supply dry air to the cabin for air conditioning, ventilation and pressurization. The main component of each pack assembly is the air cycle machine. Hot air from the pneumatic system is supplied to the pack through the pack Flow Control Valve (FCV). The FCV adjusts the flow rate through the pack and is the pack shut-off valve. During normal operation, the Zone Controller (ZC) calculates the flow mass demand and transmits the data to the Pack Controller (PC) which set the flow control valve in the necessary reference position. The pack temperature control system controls the pack outlet temperature and sets its maximum and minimum limits. The system includes two PCs. Each PC controls one pack. During normal operation, the ZC sends the required pack outlet temperature to both PCs. To control the pack outlet temperature, the PC modulates the BYPASS VALVE and the RAM-AIR INLET doors. On the Enhanced aircraft, the ZC and PCs are replaced by the Air Conditioning System Controllers (ACSC). All of the functions of the ZC and PCs are incorporated in the ACSC. The packs supply the mixer unit. Three separate aircraft zones are supplied from the mixer unit: - cockpit, - forward cabin, - aft cabin. Two cabin recirculation fans are installed to reduce the bleed air demand and therefore save fuel. These fans establish a recirculation flow of air from the cabin zones to the mixer unit. In normal operation, there are no ECAM indications associated with the cabin fans.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 - AIR CONDITIONING

The ZC controls and monitors the temperature regulation system for the cabin zones. On the overhead AIR COND panel, the flight crew selects the desired individual compartment temperature. The hot air system for cabin temperature control has a trim air pressure regulating valve and trim air valves controlled by the ZC. For the zones, which require warmer temperature, the ZC signals the TRIM VALVES to open. Hot air mixes with the pack discharge air and the temperature increases.

U3T06191 - U13T1M0 - UM21BA000000001

AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2)

May 10, 2006 Page 4

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .CABIN TEMPERATURE CONTROL MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21BA000000001 SYSTEM OVERVIEW .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. 2006 Page 5 .U13T1M0 .

Each CPC controls one electric motor on the outflow valve assembly. U3T06191 .the cargo compartments. Automatic control of the outflow valve is provided by two Cabin Pressure Controllers (CPCs). . The CPCs interface with other aircraft computers to optimize the pressurization / depressurization schedule.the cabin. There are two automatic pressurization systems.the cockpit. .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. safety valves are installed on the rear pressure bulkhead. Each CPC and its electric motor make up one system. 2006 Page 6 . Air is supplied from the air conditioning packs to the pressurized areas.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . To protect the fuselage against excessive cabin differential pressure.the avionics bay. Only one system operates at a time with the other system acting as backup in case of a failure. The concept of the system is simple. The safety valves also protect against negative differential pressure.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) SYSTEM OVERVIEW (continued) PRESSURIZATION CONTROL The pressurization system on the Single Aisle family normally operates automatically to adjust the cabin altitude and rate of climb to ensure maximum passenger comfort and safety. . An outflow valve is used to regulate the amount of air allowed to escape from the pressurized areas.UM21BA000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . The pressurized areas are: . A third motor is installed for manual operation of the outflow valve in case both automatic systems fail.U13T1M0 . The system in command will alternate each flight.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.U13T1M0 .PRESSURIZATION CONTROL MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 7 .UM21BA000000001 SYSTEM OVERVIEW .

The air is cooled in the SKIN HEAT EXCHANGER.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) SYSTEM OVERVIEW (continued) AVIONICS VENTILATION The avionics ventilation system supplements the air conditioning system to supply cooling air to the avionics equipment.U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. This equipment includes the avionics compartment. NOTE: Note: These fans operate continuously as long as the aircraft electrical system is supplied. A blower fan and an extraction fan circulate the air through the avionics equipment. .UM21BA000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . There are 3 configurations for the skin air inlet and outlet valves: . The skin heat exchanger is a chamber which allows the air to contact the fuselage skin in flight.open circuit: both valves open (on ground only). the flight deck instruments and the circuit breaker panels. .intermediate circuit: inlet closed. 2006 Page 8 . The Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC) controls the fans and the configuration of the skin valves in the avionics ventilation system based on flight / ground logic and fuselage skin temperature. outlet partially open (smoke removal in flight or low ventilation airflow condition).closed circuit: both valves closed (flight or low temperature on ground). U3T06191 .

U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.AVIONICS VENTILATION MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 9 .UM21BA000000001 SYSTEM OVERVIEW .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

In addition. The pilots cannot add "cold" air to the compartments.U13T1M0 . The operation of the two isolation valves and the extract fan is controlled automatically by the cargo Ventilation Controller (VC). the air is discharged overboard. U3T06191 .UM21BA000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . the forward and aft cargo compartments can have a ventilation system. Air from the main cabin is drawn down into the cargo compartment by the extract fan or by differential pressure in flight.AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. After circulating through the compartment. 2006 Page 10 . The supply of hot air is controlled by the Cargo Heating Controller. Note that the heating system will only be installed along with a ventilation system.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) SYSTEM OVERVIEW (continued) CARGO VENTILATION AND HEATING As an option on the Airbus single aisle family. The operation for both compartments is similar so we will only look at the forward cargo compartment. One VC is able to control either or both compartments. Note that there is NO direct air conditioning supply to the cargo compartments. a heating system may be installed in either or both compartments. For the heating of the cargo compartment.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . Each heated compartment has a dedicated Cargo Heating Controller. the pilots select the desired compartment temp and hot bleed air is mixed with the air coming from the main cabin to increase the temperature if necessary.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .U13T1M0 .CARGO VENTILATION AND HEATING MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .UM21BA000000001 SYSTEM OVERVIEW . 2006 Page 11 .

.set pack pushbutton switch OFF.deactivate the FCV by removing the special screw (this allows the valve to continually vent. Deactivation procedure: . With the valve secured in the CLOSED position.000 ft. spring tension closes the valve).UM21BA000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .500 / 35. (depending on aircraft/engine combination).SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) MEL/DEACTIVATION Per the Minimum Equipment List (MEL).U13T1M0 . the following deactivation procedures may be performed to dispatch the aircraft with air conditioning and ventilation problems.AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. U3T06191 . 2006 Page 12 .With the valve in the CLOSED position. PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE The aircraft may be dispatched per MEL with the pack Flow Control Valve (FCV) failed. . . use the special screw to secure the valve CLOSED.NO pneumatic supply to the air conditioning system.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . .400 / 37. single pack operations are limited to 31.remove access panel on belly fairing.

2006 Page 13 .PACK FLOW CONTROL VALVE MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21BA000000001 MEL/DEACTIVATION .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

.move the Skin Exchanger Isolation Valve to the OPEN position and remove the connector to deactivate. 2006 Page 14 .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. Procedure: . When the outlet valve is deactivated PARTIAL-OPEN.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . The valve is equipped with a manual lever/position indicator which may be used to put the valve in the OPEN position.set the Deactivation switch to OFF. The valve is equipped with a handle which is used to crank the valve open or closed. . The Skin Exchanger Isolation Valve is located in the avionics compartment.push latch to release the handle from the valve. U3T06191 . .pull the handle to engage the splines. the Skin Air Outlet Valve may be deactivated in the PARTIAL-OPEN position for dispatch per the MEL.U13T1M0 . . . The PARTIAL-OPEN position is when the main flap of the valve is closed and the auxiliary flap is OPEN. This will allow for smoke removal in case of avionics smoke in flight.UM21BA000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .turn the handle clockwise until the main flap is closed and the auxiliary flap is OPEN.perform AEVC BITE. the Skin Exchanger Isolation Valve is deactivated OPEN.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) MEL/DEACTIVATION (continued) AVIONICS VENTILATION SKIN AIR OUTLET VALVE In case of failure. .stow and latch the handle.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 15 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.UM21BA000000001 MEL/DEACTIVATION .AVIONICS VENTILATION SKIN AIR OUTLET VALVE MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .

Deactivation procedure: . The valve is equipped with a handle which is used to crank the valve open or closed. .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . These affected components are: . 2006 Page 16 .push latch to release the handle from the valve. . the Skin Air Inlet Valve may be deactivated in the CLOSED position for dispatch per the MEL. U3T06191 . . .the extract fan. . .U13T1M0 . This allows supplemental cooling from the cockpit air conditioning supply for the avionics equipment when the normal supply is affected. . The valve is equipped with a manual lever/position indicator which may be used to put the valve in the OPEN position.AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.turn the handle counter-clockwise until the flap is closed. When the inlet valve is deactivated CLOSED.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) MEL/DEACTIVATION (continued) AVIONICS VENTILATION SKIN AIR INLET VALVE In case of failure.the blower fan.UM21BA000000001 AVIONICS VENTILATION CONDITIONED AIR INLET VALVE In addition to the Skin Air Inlet Valve deactivation.the ventilation filter.perform AEVC BITE. the Conditioned Air Inlet valve is deactivated OPEN.move the Conditioned Air Inlet Valve to the OPEN position and remove the connector to deactivate. .pull the handle to engage the splines. The conditioned air inlet valve is located in the avionics compartment. other ventilation system deactivation tasks also include deactivation of the Conditioned Air Inlet Valve in the OPEN position.stow and latch the handle. MAINTENANCE COURSE .set the Deactivation switch to OFF.

U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.UM21BA000000001 MEL/DEACTIVATION .AVIONICS VENTILATION SKIN AIR INLET VALVE & AVIONICS VENTILATION CONDITIONED AIR INLET VALVE MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 17 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .

2006 Page 18 . the blower fan may draw water into the ventilation system and subsequently.UM21BA000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 . In this configuration. The air is circulated through the ventilation system and then the EXTRACTION fan discharges the air overboard through the open Skin Air Outlet Valve. This will allow cooling for the avionics equipment if the aircraft is powered for maintenance operations. the ventilation BLOWER fan pulls air in from the open Skin Air Inlet Valve on the LH side of the fuselage. the failed valve must be deactivated in the proper configuration.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . If the Skin Air INLET or OUTLET valve fails on the ground and no replacement part is available.AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. For additional cooling in the CLOSED configuration. either valve may be manually operated to the OPEN position. the ventilation system should be put in the CLOSED configuration by selecting the EXTRACT pushbutton to OverRriDe (OVRD) on the VENTILATION panel. the avionics ventilation system is normally in the OPEN configuration.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) MAINTENANCE TIPS When the aircraft is on the ground with the electrical systems powered. Before flight. To prevent water ingestion. into the aircraft computers. select the packs ON. If maintenance is being performed on the aircraft in heavy rain conditions with the ventilation system in the OPEN configuration. U3T06191 .

U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 19 .UM21BA000000001 MAINTENANCE TIPS MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

. AIR DISTRIBUTION The conditioned air is distributed to three main zones: . This optimizes the temperature regulation. The mixer unit may also receive conditioned air from a LP ground connection or fresh outside air from the emergency ram air inlet. The emergency ram air inlet supplies outside fresh air for ventilation of the A/C in emergency conditions when there is loss of both packs or smoke removal. NOTE: Note: The lavatories and galleys are ventilated with air coming from zones and main distribution ducts. Both packs supply air at the same temperature. A fan extracts this air through the outflow valve. LAV AND GALY VENTILATION The LAVatory and GALleY ventilation system uses air from the cabin zones.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM PRESENTATION (1) May 10. NOTE: Note: The LAV and GALY extract air is also used to ventilate the cabin zone temperature sensors. U3T06191 . TEMPERATURE REGULATION The pack outlet temperature regulation is automatic and controlled by the related Pack Controller (PC) which in turn is controlled by the Zone Controller (ZC). The secondary computer acts as a back-up in case of failure of the primary computer. MIXER UNIT The mixer unit mixes temperature-regulated air from the packs with part of the cabin air supplied by recirculated fans. HOT TRIM AIR A trim air valve associated with each zone optimizes the temperature by adding hot air. if necessary.aft cabin. Then two independent packs supply regulated temperature air to the mixer unit.UM21P1000000001 TRIM AIR PRV Hot air tapped upstream of the packs supplies the trim air valves through a trim air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV). Each zone and PC has one primary channel and one electrically independent secondary channel respectively called primary and secondary computers.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .U13T1M0 . A part of cabin air is recirculated to decrease air supply demand. Normally the mixer unit lets the cockpit be supplied from pack 1 and FWD and aft cabins from pack 2. PC Each PC gives: MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 20 . This valve regulates the downstream pressure above the cabin pressure.FWD cabin. . PACK UNITS The airflow from the air bleed system is regulated by two pack Flow Control Valves (FCVs).cockpit. to the cold air coming from the mixer unit.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM PRESENTATION (1) BASIC PRINCIPLE Hot air coming from the air bleed system is flow regulated before entering the packs in order to be temperature regulated. Hot air pressure is maintained above the cabin pressure allowing the hot airflow to join the pack air supply when necessary.

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM PRESENTATION (1) May 10. .UM21P1000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . U3T06191 . 2006 Page 21 . ZC The ZC generates signals to the PC for basic temperature regulation and flow control optimization.U13T1M0 .flow control and monitoring of its associated pack in accordance with the flow control demand from the ZC.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL . It optimizes the temperature regulation by means of trim air valves to obtain the selected ambient temperature in the related zone.a basic temperature regulation of its associated pack in accordance with the demand from the ZC. The lowest zone temperature demand is used by the ZC for basic temperature regulation to achieve the required outlet temperature of both packs.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

.U13T1M0 .UM21P1000000001 BASIC PRINCIPLE .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM PRESENTATION (1) May 10. 2006 Page 22 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 ..T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . ZC MAINTENANCE COURSE .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .UM21P1000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM PRESENTATION (1) May 10.U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 23 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL This Page Intentionally Left Blank U3T06191 .

ICE VALVE The PC controls the Anti-ICE (A. Then it passes through the reheater. Each pack FCV is automatically closed during either a same side engine start sequence or an opposite side engine start sequence provided the crossbleed valve is detected open. To increase cooling. 2006 Page 24 . the ram air inlet flap opens more and the BYP valve closes more and to increase heating. TURBINE U3T06191 .ICE) valve to pneumatically open in order to stop ice formation across the pack condenser. The BYP valve is electrically controlled to modulate the pack discharge temperature by adding hot air. During take-off and landing. In case of complete PC failure. It reopens 30 seconds after the end of any engine start sequence. The turbine drives the compressor and the cooling air fan. the pack FCV starts to close pneumatically. In case of pack compressor overheat to 230°C (446°F). RAM AIR INLET FLAP AND BYP VALVE The BYPass valve and the ram air inlet flap are simultaneously controlled by the PC. the A. NOTE: Note: Part of the hot air.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PACK PRESENTATION (1) PACK FCV Each pack Flow Control Valve (FCV) is pneumatically operated and electrically controlled. the condenser and the water extractor in order to remove water particles from the turbine air.UM21P2000000001 The air expands in the turbine section which results in a very low turbine discharge air temperature. The flow regulation is achieved by a torque motor under Pack Controller (PC) control. the ram air inlet flap closes more and the BYP valve opens more. the ram air inlet flap is fully closed to prevent ingestion of foreign objects.ICE valve is signalled to pneumatically control the pack outlet temperature to 15°C (59°F).T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . EXCHANGERS-COMPRESSOR Bleed air is ducted to the primary heat exchanger. The air is cooled in the main heat exchanger. MAINTENANCE COURSE . then to the compressor. downstream of the pack FCV is sent to the trim air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV).U13T1M0 . A.AIR CONDITIONING PACK PRESENTATION (1) May 10. The ram air inlet flap modulates the airflow through the exchangers.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 ..U13T1M0 ..AIR CONDITIONING PACK PRESENTATION (1) May 10. RAM AIR INLET FLAP AND BYP VALVE MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 25 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .UM21P2000000001 PACK FCV .

the FAULT light on the pack control P/B comes on. the MASTER CAUTion and the aural warning sounds come on. The FAULT light on the HOT AIR P/B goes off when it is set to OFF and the temperature is back below 70°C. the aural warning sounds and the PACK FAULT light on the control panel comes on.U13T1M0 . NOTE: Note: This warning comes on when one pack is selected OFF with no failure. CKPT. NOTE: Note: Pack 2 is already OFF due to a previous failure. When primary and secondary computers fail. In case of pack controller primary computer failure. the aural warning sounds and the HOT AIR fault light comes on. When the pack valve position disagrees with its command signal.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) PACK 1 (2) OVHT In case of PACK 1 (2) OVerHeaT. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. The pack Flow Control Valve (FCV) should start to close pneumatically when the temperature is above 230°C and should be fully closed above 260°C. the MASTER CAUTion comes on and the aural warning sounds. MAINTENANCE COURSE . It goes off when the overheat disappears.the pack outlet temperature is above 95°C. Any zone duct temperature higher than 88°C causes the hot air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) and trim air valves to close electrically.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM COND page. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. PACK 1 (2) FAULT In case of PACK 1 (2) FAULT. In this case. It will reopen when the overheat disappears. the MASTER CAUTion comes on. The FAULT light comes on if: .the compressor outlet temperature is four times above 230°C or once above 260°C. the pack flow remains at the previous setting. the valve must be closed by setting its control to OFF. on the control panel. FWD CABIN OR AFT CABIN DUCT OVHT In case of CocKPiT. ForWarD CABin or AFT CABin DUCT OVerHeaT. U3T06191 . the pack outlet temperature is pneumatically controlled by the anti-ice valve to 15°C. or when the pack compressor outlet temperature exceeds 230°C four times during one flight.UM21W1000000001 PACK 1 (2) OFF In case of PACK 1 (2) OFF. . 2006 Page 26 . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. The PACK FAULT light on the control panel comes on. the aural warning sounds and the PACK FAULT light on the control panel comes on. the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. PACK 1 (2) REGUL FAULT In case of a PACK 1 (2) REGULation FAULT. the MASTER CAUTion comes on. NOTE: Note: The cargo ventilation and heating systems are optional and independent for each compartment. PACK 1 + 2 FAULT In case of a PACK 1+2 FAULT. the MASTER CAUTion comes on.

2006 Page 27 . the HOT AIR and trim air valves close and packs deliver a fixed temperature PACK REGulated which is 20°C for pack 1 and 10°C for pack 2. Cockpit temperature regulation is normal (cockpit temperature sensor is ventilated by avionics ventilation system). In this case.UM21W1000000001 L+R CAB FAN FAULT In case of a L+R CABin FAN FAULT the MASTER CAUTion comes on. the MASTER CAUTion comes on.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . NOTE: Note: The cargo ventilation and heating systems are optional and independent for each compartment. This message will be activated if the downstream pressure of the HOT AIR PRV is greater than 6. TRIM AIR SYSTEM FAULT (TRIM AIR VALVE FAULT) In case of a TRIM AIR SYStem FAULT.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL HOT AIR FAULT In case of HOT AIR FAULT. It disappears as soon as it drops below 5 psi above the cabin pressure. pack 1 for the cockpit and pack 2 for the cabin to maintain 24°C. NOTE: Note: The cargo ventilation and heating systems are optional and independent for each compartment. reset by HOT AIR P/B before cool down of duct temperature below 70°C).g. U3T06191 . on the control panel. Cabin zone temperature sensors are normally ventilated by the lavatory and galley fan. This failure does not downgrade the temperature regulation. The warning occurs when the HOT AIR PRV position disagrees with the selected position (e.5 psi above the cabin pressure. the message on the COND page is in ALTN MODE and zone temperatures are controlled to 24°C. and each pack is controlled separately. the aural warning sounds and the HOT AIR fault light comes on. the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD. ZONE REGUL FAULT In case of ZONE REGULation FAULT (loss of Zone Controller (ZC)). In case of primary computer failure. Therefore cabin zone temperature regulation is lost when a fan failure occurs. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM COND page. associated to indications on the ECAM COND page. the aural warning sounds and the failure is shown amber on the EWD MAINTENANCE COURSE . the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD. NOTE: Note: The cargo ventilation and heating systems are optional and independent for each compartment. the trim air system is completely lost. This message is activated when a trim air valve motor is stuck. Cabin duct temperature is fixed at 15°C. In case of primary and secondary computer failure.U13T1M0 . TRIM AIR SYS FAULT (TRIM AIR SYSTEM OVERPRESSURE) In case of a TRIM AIR SYStem FAULT.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. the corresponding message appears on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM COND page. the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD. LAV+GALLEY FAN FAULT In case of LAVatory+GALLEY FAN FAULT.

2006 Page 28 . TRIM AIR SYS FAULT (TRIM AIR SYSTEM OVERPRESSURE) MAINTENANCE COURSE .UM21W1000000001 PACK 1 (2) OVHT .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10..U13T1M0 ..T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL This Page Intentionally Left Blank U3T06191 .UM21W1000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 29 .U13T1M0 .

The valve butterfly is thus electro-pneumatically operated. It is used for catalytic removal of ozone from the hot bleed air supplied to the pack.ICE valve pneumatically operates as an anti-ice function.low bleed pressure: valve spring-loaded closed. The FCV has a shut-off solenoid.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .the solenoid is energized. if the Crossbleed (X BLEED) valve is detected open.the solenoid is de-energized. When the DELTA P increases due to restricted airflow caused by ice build-up.engine start.ENG FIRE P/B released out. The ram air inlet flap closes during take-off and landing to avoid ingestion of foreign material.ICE valve to an open position.ICE valve pneumatically operates as a temperature control valve. the PC generates an FCV drive signal in order to control the FCV Torque Motor (TM). . the related relays control the A. An additional 3/2 way valve solenoid connected in parallel to the solenoid of A.ICE) valve removes any excessive ice formation across the condenser or maintains the pack outlet temperature at a fixed value. .ICE VALVE The Anti-ICE (A. In back-up mode: . According to the actual flow calculation and the flow demand. . The PC controls an electric actuator that actuates the ram air inlet flap. .the pipe assembly is closed. according to the water extractor temperature in order to obtain optimum pack cooling airflow.opposite engine start. . The pack outlet pneumatic sensor is used only to U3T06191 .U13T1M0 .applicable PACK P/B set to OFF. This differential pressure is transformed into an electrical signal and sent to the Pack Controller (PC) for actual flow calculation. if the PC is unable to control the BYP valve.compressor overheat: muscle pressure venting by means of the compressor pneumatic overheat sensor.DITCHING P/B pressed in. The anti-ice function is done by two DELTA P relays for high and low pressure condenser flows. It maintains a pack outlet temperature of 15°C (59°F). RAM AIR INLET FLAP The ram air inlet flap modulates the airflow through the exchangers to control the temperature of the pack outlet. In normal mode: .AIR CONDITIONING FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O (2) May 10. The BYP valve is electrically operated by a stepper motor controlled by the PC according to the water extractor temperature. .solenoid energized: the A.the pipe assembly is open. The FCV also automatically closes in case of: .UM21D1000000001 BY-PASS VALVE The BYPass valve regulates the pack discharge temperature by adding hot bleed air to the air cycle machine outlet for quick pack response. MAINTENANCE COURSE . . DELTA P SENSOR AND FCV A Differential Pressure (DELTA P) sensor connected to the FCV senses a differential pressure equivalent to the airflow through the valve inlet.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O (2) OZONE FILTER (OPTION) An ozone filter is installed upstream of each Flow Control Valve (FCV).solenoid de-energized: the A. The A. A.ICE in order to resolve the back-up problem. 2006 Page 30 . . which is energized in case of: . the FCV reopens 30 seconds after the end of the engine start sequence.ICE valve is pneumatically operated and electrically controlled by a solenoid: .

WATER EXTRACTOR The water extractor collects water droplets and drains them inside the water extractor body in order to spray the collected water into the ram airflow of the exchangers.REHEATER . cools the air. The main component of the air cycle machine is a rotating shaft.CONDENSER The air passes through two heat exchangers and a reheater before it enters the condenser. a compressor and a fan are mounted along the shaft. EXCHANGERS . CHECK VALVE U3T06191 . 2006 Page 31 . The check valve is fitted to the pressure bulkhead. which causes the air temperature to drop well below dew point. a compressor and a fan. The reheater is used to raise the temperature of the air before it reaches the turbine inlet to vaporize any remaining water droplets for turbine protection. A turbine.ICE valve to control the pack discharge temperature at a fixed value if there is PC failure. MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O (2) May 10. The cooling agent for the primary heat exchanger and the main heat exchanger is outside ram air.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL modulate the A. AIR CYCLE MACHINE The air cycle machine.UM21D1000000001 The pack downstream check valve stops leakage of air from the distribution system when the FCV is closed.U13T1M0 . to increase the cooling efficiency. which has a turbine.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

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PACK SENSORS DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3)
PACK INLET PRESSURE SENSOR
The pack inlet pressure sensor signals a pack inlet pressure drop to the primary computer of the Pack Controller (PC). It is used to determine the appropriate BYPass valve position. When the pack inlet pressure is low, the BYP valve is controlled to a more open position in order to decrease the Differential Pressure (DELTA P) of the air conditioning pack. At the same time, the ram air inlet flap is controlled to a more open position to compensate for the decreased efficiency of the turbine/compressor cycle. Also, when engines are idle, if the cooling demand cannot be satisfied, the engine idle setting can be changed by a thrust demand. The Zone Controller (ZC) sends this thrust demand to the Engine Interface Units (EIUs) depending on the bleed air pressure detected by the sensor.

COMPRESSOR PNEUMATIC OVERHEAT SENSOR
If there is overheat, the compressor pneumatic overheat sensor causes venting of the FCV muscle pressure to close the valve. If there is compressor outlet overheat, the FCV starts to close at 230°C (446°F) in order to avoid reaching 260°C (500°F). NOTE: 260°C is the temperature threshold for warning activation.

COMPRESSOR OVERHEAT SENSOR
The compressor overheat sensor signals the compressor outlet temperature to the secondary computer of the PC for overheat detection and indication on the ECAM display. The pack FAULT light comes on if there is pack overheat of 260°C (500°F), or if 230°C (446°F) is detected four times during one flight.

DELTA P SENSOR
A DELTA P sensor measures a differential pressure at the Flow Control Valve (FCV) inlet. This DELTA P, which is equivalent to the airflow, is converted into an electrical signal and sent to the secondary computer of the PC. It is used for ECAM display and FCV control.
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WATER EXTRACTOR TEMPERATURE SENSOR
The water extractor temperature sensor signals the water extractor temperature for the pack outlet temperature control. The water extractor temperature sensor has two thermistors, one connected to the primary computer, the other to the secondary computer. They are used to modulate the pack outlet temperature.

COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE SENSOR
The compressor temperature sensor signals the compressor outlet temperature to the primary computer of the PC for pack temperature control and overheat detection. Pack temperature controls: - up to 180°C (385°F): normal operation, - 180°C to 220°C (428°F): the RAM air inlet flap opens more in order to increase the RAM airflow. The pack FAULT light comes on if there is a pack overheat of 260°C (500°F), or if 230°C (446°F) is detected four times during one flight.

PACK OUTLET PNEUMATIC SENSOR
The pack outlet pneumatic sensor adjusts the Anti ICE (A.ICE) valve muscle pressure to maintain the pack outlet temperature at a fixed value when the control of the BYP valve is lost. The pack outlet pneumatic sensor pneumatically controls the A.ICE valve to maintain the pack outlet temperature at approximately 15°C (59°F).

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AIR CONDITIONING PACK SENSORS DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10.U13T1M0 . U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . The pack outlet temperature sensor also gives pack overheat warning indications if the pack outlet temperature exceeds 95°C (203°F).SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PACK OUTLET TEMPERATURE SENSOR The pack outlet temperature sensor signals the pack outlet temperature to the secondary computer of the PC for ECAM display.UM21D2000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 35 .

2006 Page 36 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 ..UM21D2000000001 PACK INLET PRESSURE SENSOR .U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 ..AIR CONDITIONING PACK SENSORS DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10. PACK OUTLET TEMPERATURE SENSOR MAINTENANCE COURSE .

UM21D2000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL This Page Intentionally Left Blank U3T06191 . 2006 Page 37 .AIR CONDITIONING PACK SENSORS DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .U13T1M0 .

HOT AIR PRESSURE SWITCH Due to a malfunction of the trim air PRV. MIXER UNIT FLAP The mixer unit flap supplies sufficient air to the flight deck if pack 1 P/B is selected off. The trim air PRV regulates the pressure of the air supplied to the trim air valves to 4 psi above the cabin pressure.U13T1M0 . The ON/OFF function solenoid de-energizes when the HOT AIR P/B is set to OFF or when any duct temperature is above 88°C (190°F). indication and overheat detection to the ZC. DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSORS Each duct temperature sensor detects duct temperature for the corresponding zone temperature control. The trim air valve position determination is based on the step counting principle. An electrically operated mixer unit flap is installed to make sure that sufficient fresh air is delivered to the cockpit in case of pack 1 failure. The butterfly of the trim air valves is controlled by a stepper motor. The quantity of cabin air mixed with conditioned air varies from 37% to 51%. MIXER UNIT TEMPERATURE SENSORS There are two mixer unit temperature sensors. one connected to the primary computer and the other to the secondary computer. one connected to the primary computer and the other to the secondary computer. COCKPIT & CABIN COMPONENTS D/O (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL COCKPIT & CABIN COMPONENTS D/O (3) MIXER UNIT The mixer unit mixes air from packs and re-circulated air from the cabin prior to distribution to each zone. If pressure in the system exceeds 6.AIR CONDITIONING ZONE TEMPERATURE SENSORS Each zone sensor detects the related zone temperature for zone temperature control and indication on the ECAM display. Each duct temperature sensor consists of two thermistors. U3T06191 . Each mixer unit temperature sensor has two thermistors. Each zone temperature sensor has two thermistors. the hot air pressure switch signals overpressure to the secondary computer of the ZC for ECAM display and the Centralized Fault Display System (CFDS). one on either side of the mixer unit. 2006 Page 38 .5 psi above the cabin pressure. installed under the cabin floor. indication and overheat detection (starting at 80°C (176°F) with an amber ECAM duct temperature indication). This air is mixed with conditioned air from the packs. The mixer unit.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . They indicate the actual temperature of the mixer unit to the Zone Controller (ZC). uses cabin air. This closes the valve.UM21D3000000001 TRIM AIR PRV The trim air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) is pneumatically operated and electrically controlled by a solenoid. which has entered the underfloor area and has been drawn through recirculation filters by recirculation fans. The solenoid controls the ON/OFF function. TRIM AIR VALVES The trim air valves allow the zone temperature to be adjusted by modulating the hot airflow added to air from the mixer unit. A limit switch indicates the CLOSED/NOT CLOSED position to the ZC and the ECAM system. one connected to the primary computer and the other to the secondary computer. Each thermistor gives control. This signal stays until the pressure falls below 5 psi. the ZC activates the ECAM system. The trim air valves close when the trim air PRV closes. MAINTENANCE COURSE .

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 ..T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . ZONE TEMPERATURE SENSORS MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 39 .AIR CONDITIONING COCKPIT & CABIN COMPONENTS D/O (3) May 10..UM21D3000000001 MIXER UNIT .U13T1M0 .

The PCs send to the ZC: the pack control status. water extractor and pack compressor discharge temperatures.U13T1M0 . . DMU The ZCs and PCs send system main status data to the Data Management Unit (DMU) for maintenance monitoring purposes. May 10. Each EIU provides one discrete to the ZC and one discrete to the corresponding PC. the ZC status and the pack ARINC reception status are used for pack temperature control.the bleed and the Anti ICE (A.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER INTERFACES (3) GENERAL The Primary and secondary channel of the Zone Controller (ZC) cross talk via an internal bus. The BITE data is used for temperature control system monitoring. FAN PARAMETERS The ZC receives discrete signals from recirculation and toilet fans for monitoring. The ZC sends to EIU 1 and 2: .AIR CONDITIONING ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER INTERFACES (3) . flow demand and CFDIU control signals from the ZC and send back maintenance data signals. of APU flow is used for increased bleed airflow. The primary and secondary channel of the Pack Controller (PC) are cross talking via the RS232 connection. The ZC sends to the PCs: .ICE) status are used for thrust limit calculation. EIU 1 and 2 send to the ZC: the HP fuel valve position is used for bleed demand circulation. The recirculation.the BITE command for CFDIU. The PCs send to the DMU: pack flow. valve position and other.the engine power increase is used for bleed airflow increase. . SDAC System data information is transmitted to the System Data Acquisition Concentrator (SDAC) via ARINC buses for system monitoring. toilet and galley and aft cargo ventilation fan operation is used for monitoring for transmission to the SDACs and CFDIU.UM21F1000000001 ZONE AND PACK CONTROLLERS The PCs mainly receive temperature demand.the flow demand is used for flow control. the zone ARINC reception status and the BITE information are used for temperature control system monitoring. U3T06191 . The A/C altitude is used for zone temperature compensation and pack water extractor outlet temperature limitation. BYPass (BYP) valve and ram air inlet flap positions. EIU 1and 2 send to the PC: the take-off thrust is used for pack ram air inlet closure. The ECB sends to the ZC: the APU bleed valve open is used for flow demand calculation. EIU The ZC provides data to both Engine Interface Units (EIUs). The ZC sends to the ECB: the increase MAINTENANCE COURSE . The system data information is used for warning and display.the temperature demand.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . ADIRU 1 Air Data/Inertial Reference Unit (ADIRU) 1 sends data to the ZC for zone and pack temperature control. These data are temperature. . 2006 Page 40 ECB The ZC sends data to the Electronic Control Box (ECB) and receives an APU bleed valve open discrete. The ZC sends to the DMU: trim-air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) position. CFDIU The ZC sends BITE data to the Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU) for system monitoring.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL A.ICE AND PNEUMATIC PARAMETERS
A.ICE and pneumatic parameters are used to detect faults and to ascertain the status of the bleed air system for transmission to the CFDIU and EIUs. The valve positions, low and high pressure are used for A.ICE system fault detection for the CFDIU and thrust limit calculation for the EIUs.

LGCIU 2
Landing Gear Control and Interface Unit (LGCIU) 2 sends a ground/flight signal to both PCs for pack ram air inlet flap operation. The ground/flight signal is used for pack ram air inlet flap closure during take-off and landing phases.

BSCU
The Braking and Steering Control Unit (BSCU) sends a wheel signal to both PCs for pack ram air inlet flap operation. The wheel speed is used for pack ram air inlet flap closure during take-off and landing phases.

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AIR CONDITIONING EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET D/O (3) May 10. closes one side of the duct when air is supplied from the other side. EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET FLAP OPERATION In case of failure of both packs. the pressure controller half opens the outflow valve. In case of smoke removal or loss of both packs. U3T06191 .UM21D4000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . installed between the LP GND connection and ram air inlet.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . the RAM AIR P/B must be set to ON.U13T1M0 . The flap. 2006 Page 44 . an emergency ram air inlet flap can be opened for A/C ventilation or smoke removal. and if DITCHING is not selected. When set to ON. The air then goes through the check valve to the mixing unit.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET D/O (3) GENERAL The A/C has one emergency ram air inlet flap located at the lower LH side of the fuselage. the emergency ram air inlet flap opens. sharing the same duct with the LP ground connection. When the cabin ambient air differential pressure is less than 1 psi. The check valve stays closed. The A/C must descend to less than 10000 ft.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .UM21D4000000001 GENERAL & EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET FLAP OPERATION MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 45 .U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET D/O (3) May 10.

HOT TRIM AIR A trim air valve associated with each zone optimizes the temperature by adding hot air. Hot air pressure is maintained above the cabin pressure. LAV AND GALY VENTILATION The LAVatory and GALleY ventilation system uses air from the cabin zones. . NOTE: Note: The lavatories and galleys are ventilated to decrease air supply demand. if necessary. The mixer unit can also receive conditioned air from an LP ground connection or fresh outside air from the emergency ram air inlet.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . Normally.cockpit. Both packs supply air at the same temperature. The emergency ram air inlet supplies outside fresh air for ventilation of the A/C in emergency conditions when there is loss of both packs or smoke removal. .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM PRESENTATION (1) May 10. the mixer unit lets the cockpit be supplied from pack 1 and FWD and aft cabins from pack 2. PACK UNITS The airflow from the air bleed system is regulated by two pack Flow Control Valves (FCVs).temperature regulation in accordance with demand. 2006 Page 46 . which lets the hot airflow join the pack air supply when necessary.aft cabin. This valve regulates the downstream pressure 4 psi above the cabin pressure. A fan extracts this air through the outflow valve.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM PRESENTATION (1) BASIC PRINCIPLE The flow of hot air from the air bleed system is regulated before it enters the packs in order to be temperature regulated. NOTE: Note: The LAV and GALY ventilation system is also used to ventilate the cabin zone temperature sensors. . U3T06191 . to the air from the mixer unit. AIR DISTRIBUTION The conditioned air is distributed to three main zones: . ACSC The Air Conditioning System Controller (ACSC) does: .forward cabin. Two independent packs then supply air with a regulated temperature to the mixer unit. MAINTENANCE COURSE . Part of the cabin air is recirculated to decrease air supply demand.U13T1M0 .flow control and monitoring in accordance with flow control demand. MIXER UNIT The mixer unit mixes air with a regulated temperature from the packs with part of the cabin air supplied by the recirculation fans.UM21P1000000002 TRIM AIR PRV Hot air tapped upstream of the packs supplies the trim air valves through a trim air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV).

ACSC MAINTENANCE COURSE ..AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM PRESENTATION (1) May 10. 2006 Page 47 .UM21P1000000002 BASIC PRINCIPLE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 ..T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .U13T1M0 .

UM21P2000000002 TURBINE The air expands in the turbine section. A.U13T1M0 . A compressor outlet temperature > 260°C (500°F) results in a pack overheat warning.ICE) valve to electrically open in order to stop ice formation across the pack condenser. the A.AIR CONDITIONING PACK PRESENTATION (1) May 10. To increase heating. To increase cooling. It then goes through the reheater. if the crossbleed valve is detected open. the ram air inlet flap opens more and the BYP valve closes more. Each pack FCV is automatically closed during either a same side engine start sequence or an opposite side engine start sequence.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . the condenser and the water extractor in order to remove water particles from the air entering the turbine. The BYP valve is operated by an electro-mechanical actuator to modulate the pack discharge temperature by adding hot air. is sent to the trim air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV). During take-off and landing. 2006 Page 48 . EXCHANGERS . U3T06191 . MAINTENANCE COURSE .ICE VALVE The air conditioning system controller controls the Anti-ICE (A. The flow regulation is done by a torque motor under the control of the air conditioning system controller. If the pack compressor outlet temperature is > 215°C (419°F). then to the compressor.ICE valve closes again. the ram air inlet flap closes more and the BYP valve opens more. The turbine drives the compressor and the cooling air fan. the ram air inlet flap is closed to prevent ingestion of foreign objects. RAM AIR INLET FLAP AND BYP VALVE The BYPass valve and the ram air inlet flap are simultaneously controlled by the air conditioning system controller.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PACK PRESENTATION (1) PACK FCV Each pack Flow Control Valve (FCV) is pneumatically actuated and electrically controlled. the FCV starts to reduce the flow. The ram air inlet flap modulates the airflow through the exchangers. Once the pressures are within a certain limit. The air is cooled in the main heat exchanger. downstream of the pack FCV. It reopens 30 seconds after the end of any engine start sequence. NOTE: Note: Part of the hot air.COMPRESSOR Bleed air is ducted to the primary heat exchanger. which results in a very low turbine discharge air temperature.

. 2006 Page 49 .. RAM AIR INLET FLAP AND BYP VALVE MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .AIR CONDITIONING PACK PRESENTATION (1) May 10.UM21P2000000002 PACK FCV .

or the RAM air inlet actuator. the aural warning sounds and the HOT AIR fault light comes on. the aural warning sounds and the PACK FAULT light on the control panel comes on. the MASTER CAUTion comes on and the aural warning sounds. the MASTER CAUTion comes on.U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. The FAULT is displayed when there is a failure of the bypass valve. On ground. the MASTER CAUTion comes on. PACK 1 + 2 FAULT In case of a PACK 1+2 FAULT. on the MAINTENANCE COURSE .a compressor temperature of more than 260°C has occurred or.UM21W1000000003 PACK 1 (2) OFF In case of PACK 1 (2) OFF. NOTE: Note: This warning comes on when one pack is selected OFF with no failure. PACK 1 (2) REGUL FAULT In case of a PACK 1 (2) REGULation FAULT. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM COND page. In flight the cockpit crew needs to switch off the pack manually with the PACK P/BSW. the MASTER CAUTion comes on. the FAULT light on the pack control P/B comes on. It goes off when the overheat disappears. the MASTER CAUTion and the aural warning sounds come on. HOT AIR FAULT In case of HOT AIR FAULT. The FAULT light on the HOT AIR P/B goes off when it is set to OFF and the temperature is back below 70°C. . the aural warning sounds and the HOT AIR fault light comes on. FWD CABIN OR AFT CABIN DUCT OVHT In case of CocKPiT. or the compressor discharge temperature sensor.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .the compressor discharge temperature is 230°C for four times during one flight. Any zone duct temperature higher than 88°C causes the hot air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) and trim air valves to close electrically. When the pack valve position disagrees with the selected position or the pack valve is closed. on the control panel. . The PACK FAULT light on the control panel comes on. ForWarD CABin or AFT CABin DUCT OVerHeaT. the MASTER CAUTion comes on. PACK 1 (2) FAULT In case of PACK 1 (2) FAULT.the pack outlet temperature is above 95°C. the Air Conditioning System Controller (ACSC) will close the Flow Control Valve (FCV) automatically. NOTE: Note: Pack 2 is already OFF due to a previous failure. 2006 Page 50 . the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. CKPT. NOTE: Note: The cargo ventilation and heating systems are optional and independent for each compartment. U3T06191 . or the flow control valve.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) PACK 1 (2) OVHT In case of PACK 1 (2) OVerHeaT. the aural warning sounds and the PACK FAULT light on the control panel comes on. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. The FAULT light comes on if: . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page.

Cabin duct temperature is fixed at 15°C. 2006 Page 51 . CTL 1(2)-A(B) FAULT In case of failure of the lane A or B of an ASCS. It disappears as soon as it drops below 5 psi above the cabin pressure. This failure does not downgrade the temperature regulation. TRIM AIR SYSTEM FAULT In case of a TRIM AIR SYStem FAULT.5 psi above the cabin pressure. L+R CAB FAN FAULT In case of a L+R CABin FAN FAULT the MASTER CAUTion comes on.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD. Cabin zone temperature sensors are normally ventilated by the lavatory and galley fan. the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD.U13T1M0 . The warning occurs when the HOT AIR PRV position disagrees with the selected position (e. pack 1 for the cockpit and pack 2 for the cabin to maintain pre-selected temperature. LAV+GALLEY FAN FAULT U3T06191 . reset by HOT AIR P/B before cool down of duct temperature below 70°C).g. the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD. Cockpit temperature regulation is normal (cockpit temperature sensor is ventilated by avionics ventilation system). Therefore cabin zone temperature regulation is lost when a fan failure occurs. the trim air system is completely lost. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM COND page. the aural warning sounds and the failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM COND page.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . and each pack is controlled separately. In this case.UM21W1000000003 In case of LAVatory+GALLEY FAN FAULT. MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL control panel. This message is activated when a trim air valve motor is stuck or if the downstream pressure of the HOT AIR PRV is greater than 6.

UM21W1000000003 PACK 1 (2) OVHT . 2006 Page 52 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10..SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 ..U13T1M0 . CTL 1(2)-A(B) FAULT MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 53 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL This Page Intentionally Left Blank U3T06191 .U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10.UM21W1000000003 MAINTENANCE COURSE .

). pack start. ACSC 1 controls the FCV for pack 1. mixing unit). then icing is assumed. landing. or engine start). As a result. The pack discharge pressure sensor detects an increase in the air cycle machine turbine outlet pressure relative to the aircraft cabin. It is used for catalytic removal of ozone from the hot bleed air supplied to the pack. The air conditioning system controller uses the pack discharge pressure sensor to compare the pack discharge pressure to the turbine outlet pressure.ICE) valve.main: electrical control (100% to 144%). This indicates that icing conditions exist. .ICE valve to open and hot air flows directly into the turbine outlet FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O (2) May 10. These sensors are used for: . In the main operating mode. The ACSC monitors the actuator position in speed and direction by a contactless hall sensor.UM21D1000000002 A.changing flow demands. and actual flow calculation. etc. engine fire. the FCV position is modulated to respond to: . the FCV flow is controlled by a downstream pressure regulator. .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O (2) OZONE FILTER (OPTION) An ozone filter is installed upstream of each Flow Control Valve (FCV). The ram air inlet flap closes during take-off and landing.ICE VALVE An electro-mechanical actuator operates the Anti-Ice (A. temperature sensors. while ACSC 2 controls the FCV for pack 2. each air conditioning system controller uses a closed loop electronic control circuit to regulate the butterfly position and resulting pack inlet flow.icing detection. . ditching. According to the water extractor temperature the air conditioning system controller controls a (the) stepper motor that electrically operates the BYP valve.flow control.control priorities (take-off. U3T06191 . the air conditioning system controller commands the A. ACSC 1 only is responsible for the flow calculation and sends flow demand signals for ASCS 2.ICE valve is to remove ice build-up at the condenser from components downstream of the turbine outlet (condenser tubing.air cycle machine overheat and low pressure start-up protection controlled by the Air Conditioning System Controllers (ACSCs). The FCV is an electro-pneumatic butterfly valve with the following main functions: . The back-up mode is electrically activated because the solenoid 2 must be energizes by the related ACSC. check valves.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . BY-PASS VALVE The BYPass (BYP) valve regulates the pack discharge temperature by adding hot bleed air to the air cycle machine for quick pack response. The main function of the A. According to the water extractor temperature the air conditioning system controller controls an electric actuator. In back-up mode. If the difference between these two pressures exceeds a pre-determined limit. MAINTENANCE COURSE .isolation of the pack from the bleed air supply (crew selection. PRESSURE SENSORS AND FCV Each pack has 3 pressure sensors. . only in that situation the downstream pressure of the FCV is pneumatically regulated. .failures and pack overheat conditions.AIR CONDITIONING RAM AIR INLET FLAP The ram air inlet flap modulates the airflow through the exchangers to control the temperature of the pack outlet. The air conditioning system controller controls the valve. which actuates the ram air inlet flap in order to obtain optimum pack cooling airflow.U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 54 . The FCV has two modes of operation: .back-up: electro-pneumatic control (140% to 174%). In normal conditions. .control of the mass flow of bleed air entering the pack.

which has a turbine.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .AIR CONDITIONING FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O (2) May 10. WATER EXTRACTOR The water extractor collects water droplets and drains them inside the water extractor body in order to spray the collected water into the ram airflow of the exchangers.U13T1M0 .ICE valve will fully close. The main component of the air cycle machine is a rotating shaft. MAINTENANCE COURSE . which causes the air temperature to drop well below dew point.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL and pack discharge.ICE valve is identical and interchangeable with the system trim air valves. Once the pressures are within a certain limit.UM21D1000000002 CHECK VALVE The pack downstream check valve stops leakage of air from the distribution system when the FCV is closed. U3T06191 . a compressor and a fan are mounted along the shaft. A turbine. 2006 Page 55 . cools the air. The reheater is used to raise the temperature of the air before it reaches the turbine inlet to vaporize any remaining water droplets for turbine protection. causing the pack discharge pressure to return to a normal value. to increase the cooling efficiency. This hot air will melt the ice. EXCHANGERS-REHEATER-CONDENSER The air goes through two heat exchangers and a reheater before it enters the condenser. the A. The cooling agent for the primary heat exchanger and the main heat exchanger is outside ram air. The check valve is fitted to the pressure bulkhead. The A. AIR CYCLE MACHINE The air cycle machine. a compressor and a fan.

2006 Page 56 .AIR CONDITIONING FLOW CONTROL & PACK COMPONENTS D/O (2) May 10.. CHECK VALVE MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21D1000000002 OZONE FILTER (OPTION) .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 ..U13T1M0 .

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PACK TEMPERATURE SENSOR The pack temperature sensor signals the water extractor temperature for the pack outlet temperature control. This DELTA P. The pack outlet temperature sensor also gives pack overheat warning indications if the pack outlet temperature exceeds 95°C (203°F). If the ACSC detects a certain pressure difference. DELTA P SENSOR A DELTA P sensor measures a differential pressure at the Flow Control Valve (FCV) inlet. the ram air inlet flap is controlled to a more open position to compensate for the decreased efficiency of the turbine/compressor cycle. which is equivalent to the airflow. It is used for ECAM display and FCV control.up to 180°C (385°F): normal operation.180°C to 220°C (428°F): the ram air inlet flap opens more in order to increase the RAM airflow.ICE) valve for the de-icing of the turbine outlet. . When the pack inlet pressure is low. pressure sensor is mounted on the bulkhead between the air conditioning bay and the pressurized cabin.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PACK SENSORS DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) PACK INLET PRESSURE SENSOR The pack inlet pressure sensor signals a pack inlet pressure drop to the Air Conditioning System Controller (ACSC). At the same time. if the cooling demand cannot be satisfied. PACK DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE SENSOR The pack discharge temperature sensor signals the pack outlet temperature to the ACSC for ECAM display. Pack temperature control: . condenser and downstream ducting. it opens the Anti ICE (A. the engine idle setting can be changed by a thrust demand. is converted into an electrical signal and sent to the ACSC. The pack discharge MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . Also. The pack temperature sensor has two thermistors: one sensing element is connected to lane 1 and the other to lane 2 of the related ACSC.UM21D2000000002 PACK DISCHARGE PRESSURE SENSOR The pack discharge pressure sensor measures the pressure difference between turbine outlet and cabin underfloor pressure. 2006 Page 58 . COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE SENSOR The compressor discharge temperature sensor signals the compressor outlet temperature to the ACSC for pack temperature control and overheat detection. It is used to determine the appropriate BYPass valve position. The pack FAULT light comes on in if there is pack overheat of 260°C (500°F).AIR CONDITIONING PACK SENSORS DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10. It is connected to the corresponding ACSC. when engines are idle. the BYP valve is controlled to a more open position in order to decrease the Differential Pressure (DELTA P) of the air conditioning pack. If the A/C is on ground. automatic FCV closure occurs. They are used to modulate the pack outlet temperature. U3T06191 .

PACK DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE SENSOR MAINTENANCE COURSE .UM21D2000000002 PACK INLET PRESSURE SENSOR .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 ..AIR CONDITIONING PACK SENSORS DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10.. 2006 Page 59 .

4 psi above the cabin pressure.UM21D3000000002 The mixer unit flap ensures sufficient flight deck air supply if pack 1 is selected off. The trim air valves close when the trim air PRV closes. The trim air valve position is determined using the step-counting principle. The butterfly of the trim air valves is controlled by a stepper motor. TRIM AIR VALVES The trim air valves lets the zone temperature be adjusted by modulating the hot airflow added to air from the mixer unit. The cockpit mixer unit temperature sensor is connected to the ACSC 1 and the cabin mixer unit to the ACSC 2.AIR CONDITIONING AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROLLERS During normal or abnormal operation the cockpit and cabin system is controlled by the two ACSCs. indication and overheat detection to the ACSC. They give the actual temperature of the mixer unit to the Air Conditioning System Controllers (ASCSs). ZONE TEMPERATURE SENSORS Each zone sensor detects the related zone temperature for zone temperature control and indication on ECAM display. one on either side of the mixer unit. one connected to lane 1 and the other to the second lane of the ACSC. An electrically operated mixer unit flap is installed to ensure that sufficient fresh air is delivered to the cockpit in case of pack 1 failure. This air is mixed with conditioned air from the packs. Each duct temperature sensor has two thermistors. The trim air PRV regulates the pressure of the air supplied to the trim air valves. DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSORS Each duct temperature sensor detects duct temperature for the related zone temperature control. indication and overheat detection 88°C (190°F). Each thermistor does control. This signal stays until the pressure falls below 5 psi. one connected to lane 1 and the other to the second lane of the ACSC. The quantity of cabin air mixed with conditioned air varies from 37% to 51% (the cabin fans operate at a constant speed.5 psi greater than the cabin pressure.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . the hot air pressure switch signals overpressure to ACSCs 1 and 2 for ECAM display and the Centralized Fault Display System (CFDS) and monitoring. but the airflow from the Pack Flow Control Valve (FCV) can vary. installed under the cabin floor. uses cabin air which has entered the underfloor area and has been drawn through recirculation filters by recirculation fans. Each zone temperature sensor has two thermistors. The ON/OFF function solenoid de-energizes when the HOT AIR P/B is set to OFF or when the temperature of any duct is above 88°C (190°F).SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL COCKPIT & CABIN COMPONENTS D/O (3) MIXER UNIT The mixer unit mixes air from packs and recirculated air from the cabin before distribution to each zone. If pressure in the system is 6. Each mixer unit temperature sensor has two thermistors. ACSC 1 activates the ECAM system. MIXER UNIT FLAP U3T06191 . MIXER UNIT TEMPERATURE SENSORS There are two mixer unit temperature sensors. The mixer unit. MAINTENANCE COURSE . Cabin zones demanding a higher COCKPIT & CABIN COMPONENTS D/O (3) May 10. one connected to ACSC 1 and the other to ACSC 2. 2006 Page 60 . The solenoid controls the ON/OFF function.) HOT AIR PRESSURE SWITCH Due to a malfunction of the trim air PRV. This closes the valve. TRIM AIR PRV The trim air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) is pneumatically operated and electrically controlled by a solenoid.U13T1M0 .

U13T1M0 .UM21D3000000002 MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL temperature than that which is available from the mixer unit receive additional hot trim-air added by the trim air valve. 2006 Page 61 .AIR CONDITIONING COCKPIT & CABIN COMPONENTS D/O (3) May 10. The trim air valves are operated by ACSC 1 for the cockpit and ACSC 2 for the FWD and aft cabin zones. U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

.AIR CONDITIONING COCKPIT & CABIN COMPONENTS D/O (3) May 10.U13T1M0 . AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROLLERS MAINTENANCE COURSE .UM21D3000000002 MIXER UNIT . 2006 Page 62 ..T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .

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2.the take-off thrust used for pack ram air inlet closure. May 10. EIU The ACSC sends data to both Engine Interface Units (EIUs). and the CIDS Director 2 sends a signal for ACSC 2 for temperature regulation (+ or . water extractor and pack compressor discharge temperatures. AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROLLERS The ACSCs mainly receive temperature demands. Each EIU sends one discrete to the ACSC. in case of engine fire.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . ECB The ACSC sends data to the Electronic Control Box (ECB) and receives an APU bleed valve open discrete. the APU bleed valve open discrete is used for flow demand calculation. When the ECB sends a signal to the ACSC. flow demands and CFDIU control signals and send back maintenance data signals. MAINTENANCE COURSE .pack flow. The ACSC sends to the DMU: .UM21F1000000002 CFDIU ACSC 2 sends BITE data to the Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU) for system monitoring. The Cabin Intercommunication Data System (CIDS) Director 1 sends a data signal for ACSC 1. .5°C) from the Flight Attendant Panel (FAP).AIR CONDITIONING ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER INTERFACES (3) . 2006 Page 64 ADIRU 1 Air Data/Inertial Reference Unit (ADIRU) 1 sends data to the ACSC for zone and pack temperature control. The BITE data is used for temperature control system monitoring. to close the related pack FCV. to close both pack FCVs if there is a ditching. so that the pack Flow Control Valves (FCVs) are controlled to close during engine start. . .U13T1M0 .the bleed and the anti-ice status used for thrust limit calculation. DMU The ACSCs send system main status data to the Data Management Unit (DMU) for maintenance monitoring purposesfunctions. SDAC System data information is transmitted to the System Data Acquisition Concentrator (SDAC) via ARINC buses for system monitoring. ACSC 1 and 2 receive a signal from the engine FIRE P/B. EIUs 1 and 2 send to the ACSC: . The ACSCs also receive a signal from the DITCHING P/B.the trim-air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) position. The A/C altitude is used for zone temperature compensation and pack water extractor outlet temperature limitation. BYPass valve and ram air inlet flap positions. The ACSC sends to EIUs 1 and 2: . valve position and others. The ACSC sends to the ECB the increase of APU flow used for increased bleed airflow.the engine power increase used for bleed airflow increase.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER INTERFACES (3) GENERAL The function of the Air Conditioning System Controller (ACSC) is to communicate with other systems via hardware interfaces. The system data information is used for warning and display.the High Pressure (HP) fuel valve position used for bleed demand circulation and for engine start sequence. U3T06191 . These data are temperature.

ANTI-ICE AND PNEUMATIC PARAMETERS Anti-ice and pneumatic parameters are used to detect faults and to make sure that the status of the bleed air system is transmitted to the CFDIU and EIUs. The ground/flight signal is used for pack ram air inlet flap closure during take-off and landing phases.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 65 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL FAN PARAMETERS The ACSCs receive discrete signals from recirculation and toilet fans for monitoring. BSCU U3T06191 .U13T1M0 . The valve positions. MAINTENANCE COURSE . are used for anti-ice system fault detection for the CFDIU and thrust limit calculation for the EIUs. LGCIU 2 Landing Gear Control and Interface Unit (LGCIU) 1 and 2 send a ground/flight signal to both ACSCs for pack air inlet flap operation.UM21F1000000002 The Braking/Steering Control Unit (BSCU) sends a wheel signal to both ACSCs for pack ram air inlet flap operation. The wheel speed is used for pack ram air inlet flap closure during take-off and landing phases.AIR CONDITIONING ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER INTERFACES (3) May 10. low and high pressure. The lavatory and galley extraction and the cabin recirculation fan operation are used for monitoring and transmission to the SDACs and CFDIU.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 ..AIR CONDITIONING ZONE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER INTERFACES (3) May 10. BSCU MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 66 ..UM21F1000000002 GENERAL .

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EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET FLAP OPERATION In case of failure of both packs. and if DITCHING is not selected. The air then goes through the check valve to the mixing unit. the pressure controller half opens the outflow valve. When set to ON.UM21D4000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . The flap.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL # EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET D/O (3) GENERAL The A/C has one emergency ram air inlet flap located at the lower LH side of the fuselage. sharing the same duct with the LP ground connection. the RAM AIR P/B must be set to ON. the emergency ram air inlet flap opens.U13T1M0 . U3T06191 . When the cabin ambient air differential pressure is less than 1 psi. 2006 Page 68 . closes one side of the duct when air is supplied from the other side. an emergency ram air inlet flap can be opened for A/C ventilation or smoke removal.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . In case of smoke removal or loss of both packs. installed between the LP GND connection and ram air inlet. The check valve stays closed. The A/C must descend to less than 10000 ft.AIR CONDITIONING # EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET D/O (3) May 10.

UM21D4000000001 GENERAL & EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET FLAP OPERATION MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .AIR CONDITIONING # EMERGENCY RAM AIR INLET D/O (3) May 10.U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 69 .

is installed in each electronic actuator. The CPCs outputs data for indicating and monitoring are: Flight Warning Computer (FWC). sent to CPC 1(2) through electronic actuator 1(2). The manual motor is used in case of failure of systems 1 and 2. Environmental Control System (ECS). Potentiometer 1(2) generates a feedback signal. In automatic operation. ECS. the outflow valve is controlled by the operating controller. the manual part of controller 1 operates only as a back-up indication circuit processing outputs for indicating and monitoring. the outflow valve is operated by electrical motor 1 or motor 2 depending on the operating controller: . Air Data/Inertial Reference System (ADIRS). They operate independently. Landing Gear Control and Interface Unit (LGCIU). One controller operates the system at a time according to flight profile data and A/C configurations. A pressure switch.U13T1M0 . Centralized Fault Display System (CFDS).A/C configurations: Engine Interface Unit (EIU). . The safety valves are poppet-type pneumatic valves. . It is used for indication and initialization purposes in automatic operation. CPC 2 manual part is not used. It is used for indication purposes in manual operation only. They are installed on the aft pressure bulkhead above the A/C flotation line. CPC 1 manual part outputs for monitoring and indicating are: FWC and SDAC. OUTFLOW VALVE In automatic mode. which are identified as Cabin Pressure Controller (CPC) 1 and CPC 2 by means of pin programming.flight profile data: Flight Management and Guidance System (FMGS). sent straight to the CPC 1 manual backup part. Each controller has an automatic and manual part which are functionally and electronically independent of each other. Aircraft Integrated Data System (AIDS).motor 1 is controlled by controller 1. which only operates in automatic mode. controller 1 plus motor 1 corresponds to system 1. It closes the applicable outflow valve in case of cabin altitude above 15000 ft.motor 2 is controlled by controller 2. System Data Acquisition Concentrator (SDAC). 2006 Page 70 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10. Potentiometer 3 generates a feedback signal.UM21P3000000001 Two electronic actuators ensure the interface with the controllers. The second controller is in active stand-by with automatic changeover after each flight or in case of failure of the active one. Motor 3 is controlled from the CABIN PRESSure panel by the MANual Vertical/Speed ConTroL toggle switch when manual mode is selected on the MODE SELection P/B. U3T06191 . CFDS.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . MAINTENANCE COURSE . When manual mode is used. The outflow valve position monitoring is based on a triple potentiometer principle. The CPCs inputs are: .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) CABIN PRESSURE CONTROLLERS There are two interchangeable controllers. controller 2 plus motor 2 corresponds to system 2. SAFETY VALVES The safety valves prevent excessive positive and negative differential pressure (DELTA P) in the fuselage. The outflow valve is of the double flap and motor driven type.

. 2006 Page 71 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .. SAFETY VALVES MAINTENANCE COURSE .UM21P3000000001 CABIN PRESSURE CONTROLLERS .U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10.

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10. In all other cases the LDG ELEV selector signal overrides the FMGS data (semi-automatic operation). If cabin altitude increases: . passenger signs are activated.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . the MASTER WARN comes on.06 psi for an A/C altitude of 39000 ft. the LanDing field ELEVation selector is selected in the AUTO position enabling the CPCs to use the landing field elevation data from the FMGS. U3T06191 .UM21P3000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . In the outflow valve.U13T1M0 . a safety device closes the valve when the cabin altitude reaches 15000 ft. .at 9550 ft.at 11300 ft. Under normal conditions. 2006 Page 72 . A DITCHING pushbutton switch closes the outflow valve in ditching configuration.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) CABIN PRESSURE ALTITUDE ENVELOPE The cabin altitude is limited to 8000 ft with a DELTA P of 8.

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION/OPERATION (3) May 10.UM21P3000000001 CABIN PRESSURE ALTITUDE ENVELOPE MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 73 .U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

The failure is shown amber on the EWD related to indications on the ECAM CABin PRESSurization page. MANual mode must be used. SYS 1 + 2 FAULT In case a SYStem 1 + 2 FAULT condition occurs. the MASTER CAUTion comes on and the aural warning sounds. Both controllers are faulty. the MASTER WARNing flashes. The landing field elevation must be manually selected by using the LanDinG ELEVation rotary selector. LO DIFF PRESS In case a LOw DIFFerential PRESSure warning occurs. an EXCESSive CABin ALTitude condition occurs.5 mn and the time to reach landing field elevation > 30 sec.U13T1M0 . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM CABin PRESSurization page. MANual mode must be used by means of the MANual Vertical/Speed ConTroL toggle switch in order to fully open the outflow valve.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . MAINTENANCE COURSE . the failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM CABin PRESSurization page. the MASTER CAUTion comes on and the aural warning sounds. in order to control the cabin pressure by means of the MANual Vertical/Speed ConTroL toggle switch. the MASTER CAUTion comes on. A low DELTA P warning occurs when the A/C is in descent in an altitude of more than 2150 ft (1.1 psi) above landing field. SAFETY VALVE OPEN In case a SAFETY VALVE OPEN warning occurs. the aural warning sounds.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) EXCESS CAB ALT When cabin altitude is greater than 9550 ft. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM CABin PRESSurization page. 2006 Page 74 . the MASTER CAUTion comes on and the aural warning sounds. The pressurization control is automatically transferred to the healthy system. U3T06191 . Depending on the cabin vertical speed.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. High Differential Pressure (DELTA P) causes the opening of the safety valves. the aural warning sounds and the FAULT light comes on. if the time until cross over of cabin altitude and aircraft altitude is < 1. There is no landing elevation data available from the Flight Management and Guidance System (FMGS). The failure is shown amber on the EWD related to indications on the ECAM CABin PRESSurization page. a descent or an emergency descent must be initiated. SYS 1 (2) FAULT In case a SYStem 1 (2) FAULT condition occurs. the MASTER CAUTion comes on. When the outflow valve is not fully open in ground mode. LDG ELEV FAULT In case a LanDinG ELEVation FAULT condition occurs.UM21W2000000001 OUTFLOW VALVE NOT OPEN In case an OUTFLOW VALVE NOT OPEN condition occurs. Select the MODE SELect to MANual and adjust MANual Vertical/Speed to reduce cabin DELTA P. The failure is shown amber on the EWD related to indications on the ECAM CABin PRESSurization page. the aural warning sounds and the failure is shown red on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM CABin PRESSurization page.

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 ...U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 75 . LO DIFF PRESS MAINTENANCE COURSE .UM21W2000000001 EXCESS CAB ALT .

UM21F2000000001 PRESS PANEL/MOTOR 3 Motor 3 is controlled by a discrete signal directly sent by the CABIN PRESS panel. .landing field elevation selection. ADIRU 1. the feedback position from motor 3 is sent to controller 1. . The ground/flight signal is used for pre-pressurization. . . 2006 Page 76 FMGC Each Flight Management and Guidance Computer (FMGC) sends cruise flight level and landing field elevation data to both controllers. MOTORS A discrete signal from the active controller will select the corresponding motor and enable signal. AIR COND PANEL AND CABIN PRESS PANEL The position of the pressure panel switches and emergency RAM AIR switch is transmitted to both controllers. These signals are: .Landing field elevation. The AIR CONDitioning panel signal is the emergency ram air inlet selection. used for all sequences and priority selection. The signals in AUTO MODE are: .Static pressure. used for pre-pressurization and pressurization sequences.ditching.Cruise flight level. . pressurization. CONTROLLER 1/CONTROLLER 2 Discrete signals between both controllers ensure controller transfer.MAXimum CONTinuous or FLeXible detent.outflow valve positioning and monitoring."enable signal" to motor in control. while outflow valve positioning and monitoring signals are transmitted by RS 422 buses. The system 1 or 2 active signal is used for controller transfer. pressurization and depressurization sequences. The CABIN PRESSurization panel signals are: .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM CONTROL INTERFACES (3) EIU Each Engine Interface Unit (EIU) sends a thrust lever angle associated with an N2 signal to both controllers to initiate the pre-pressurization and the pressurization sequences.N2 at or above idle.U13T1M0 . This signal is used for manual mode. 3 sends signals to controller 2. used for manual operation.BARO (barometric) correction.AIR CONDITIONING . MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2. In MANUAL MODE. . U3T06191 . The signals are: . used for outflow valve half opening. ADIRU Each Air Data/Inertial Reference Unit (ADIRU) sends the static pressure and the barometric correction signals to both controllers for pressure control.manual mode selection. 1.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . LGCIU Each Landing Gear Control and Interface Unit (LGCIU) sends a flight/ground signal to both controllers to initiate pre-pressurization. used for pressurization profile. 3 sends signals to controller 1 and ADIRU 2. .Thrust lever angle in Takeoff (TO) position. SYSTEM CONTROL INTERFACES (3) May 10. depressurization sequences and system transfer.ADIRU validity. . The signals are: .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .U13T1M0 ..UM21F2000000001 EIU .. 2006 Page 77 . PRESS PANEL/MOTOR 3 MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROL INTERFACES (3) May 10.

When the system is in automatic mode. SDAC Both controllers send ARINC and discrete signals to the System Data Acquisition Concentrator (SDAC). CABIN PRESS PANEL In case of failure of both automatic systems. the controllers send a discrete signal to the pressure panel for FAULT light illumination.U13T1M0 . used for Centralized Fault Display System (CFDS) monitoring. This warning is generated if cabin altitude exceeds 9550ft. NOTE: Note: Each manual part is a separate. CFDIU Both controllers send BITE data to the Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU) via ARINC buses. electrically supplied part. the active controller sends a discrete signal to both Flight Warning Computers (FWCs) for level 3 warnings. 2006 Page 78 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . CABIN PRESS PANEL/SDAC A manual mode selection signal is sent from the pressure panel to both SDACs.UM21F3000000001 CIDS In case of excessive cabin altitude. SAFETY VALVES/SDAC The safety valve position signals are sent to both SDAC. 3 analog signals are provided from the manual part of CPC1 only. In manual mode. the pressure controllers send a discrete signal to the Cabin Intercommunication Data System (CIDS). MAINTENANCE COURSE . U3T06191 . ARINC and discrete signals are used for monitoring and warning indications.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM MONITORING INTERFACES (3) FWC In case of excessive cabin altitude. The cabin altitude exceeding 11300 ft signal is used for passenger signs. The signal is a BITE data. The MANual MODE SEL signal is used for ECAM display.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM MONITORING INTERFACES (3) May 10. This data is sent continuously or on request. The safety valve position signal is used for ECAM display.

U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM MONITORING INTERFACES (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 ..SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21F3000000001 FWC .. SAFETY VALVES/SDAC MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 79 .

WARNING: S: . .electrical power available. 2006 Page 80 .U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10.KEEP AWAY FROM THE MOVING AND ENERGIZED PARTS OF THE OUTFLOW VALVE WHEN YOU OPERATE OR TEST THE VALVE. .no air supply. THESE PARTS CAN CAUSE INJURY TO PERSONS.on the ground. .UM21Y1000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .MAKE SURE THAT THE TRAVEL RANGES OF THE OUTFLOW VALVES ARE CLEAR. MOVEMENT OF THE OUTFLOW VALVES CAN CAUSE INJURY TO PERSONS AND/OR DAMAGE TO EQUIPMENT.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) JOB SET-UP The correct configuration of the A/C to do this test is: . U3T06191 .

AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10.U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 81 .UM21Y1000000001 JOB SET-UP MAINTENANCE COURSE .

On the CAB PRESS panel. the white MAN pushbutton switch light comes on and on the ECAM SD. the LDG ELEV indication goes off. the outflow valve symbol opens. the manual motor controls the outflow valve to close. The SYStem 1 indication appears showing that the Cabin Pressure Controller (CPC) 1 is in control due to the change over after manual selection. Set the MODE SEL P/B back to AUTOmatic position.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) PROCEDURE Push and release the MODE SEL P/BSW. U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . On the ECAM SD. As long as the MANual Vertical/Speed ConTroL switch is held in the DowN position. As long as the MAN V/S CTL switch is held in the UP position. 2006 Page 82 . the manual motor controls the outflow valve to open.AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10.U13T1M0 .UM21Y1000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . On the ECAM SD. The SYStem 1 indication go of f and is replaced by the MAN indication. the outflow valve symbol closes.

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 83 .U13T1M0 .UM21Y1000000001 PROCEDURE MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 84 .U13T1M0 .UM21Y1000000001 PROCEDURE MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21Y1000000001 PROCEDURE MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10. 2006 Page 85 .

2006 Page 86 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .U13T1M0 .UM21Y1000000001 PROCEDURE MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10.U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL This Page Intentionally Left Blank U3T06191 .UM21Y1000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 87 .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) CLOSE-UP When the maintenance test is done.U13T1M0 . put the aircraft back to its initial configuration.UM21Y1000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10. U3T06191 . 2006 Page 88 .

U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 89 .UM21Y1000000001 CLOSE-UP MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .AIR CONDITIONING FUNCTIONAL TEST OF MAN MOTOR OF OUTFLOW VALVE (3) May 10.

U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . Air is taken from different sources depending on the A/C configuration and ambient conditions. The cargo ventilation controller (CONT) controls and monitors the isolation valves and the extraction fan of the cargo ventilation system. LAVATORIES AND GALLEYS The lavatory (LAV) and galleys (GALY) ventilation system is used to remove unpleasant odors before they enter the cabin. The FWD and AFT cabin zones are connected to the lavatory and galley extraction system. MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 90 . The aft cargo compartment is ventilated by means of an extraction fan only. U3T06191 . CARGO The FWD and aft cargo compartments are ventilated by cabin ambient air coming from the cabin zones through openings in the cabin floor behind the sidewall panels. The cockpit temperature sensor for the temperature control system is connected to the extraction part of the avionics ventilation.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM DESIGN PRESENTATION (1) AVIONICS The avionics ventilation system ensures a proper ventilation of the electrical equipment. Ventilation air is blown to the equipment by a blower fan and extracted by an extraction fan. The FWD cargo compartment is ventilated by means of an extraction fan or by differential pressure.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESIGN PRESENTATION (1) May 10. Ventilation air is supplied from cabin distribution ducts and discharged overboard via the outflow valve by an extraction fan. NOTE: Note: The ventilation system is optional and independent for each compartment.UM21P4000000001 CONTROLLERS The Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC) ensures control and monitoring of the AVNCS ventilation system.

UM21P4000000001 AVIONICS .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESIGN PRESENTATION (1) May 10... CONTROLLERS MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 91 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

the MASTER CAUTion comes on. the MASTER CAUT comes on. the MASTER CAUT comes on and the aural warning sounds.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . both BLOWER and EXTRACT P/Bs must be set to the OVerRiDe position. SKIN VALVE FAULT In case of SKIN VALVE FAULT. VENTilation and INLET become amber on the ECAM CAB PRESS page. GEN 1 LINE SMOKE on the EMERgency ELECtrical PoWeR panel.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) BLOWER FAULT In case of BLOWER FAULT.skin air inlet valve not fully closed in flight. the aural warning sounds. a horn is triggered in the nose landing gear bay and the ADIRU & AVNCS VENT light on the external power comes on. MAINTENANCE COURSE .skin air outlet valve fully open in phase 3. VENT. NOTE: In case of avionics system failure on ground. .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. the MASTER CAUT comes on and the aural warning sounds.U13T1M0 . NOTE: Note: if smoke detection is confirmed. An AVNCS SYS FAULT warning is triggered in case of Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC) failure.skin air outlet valve fully open in flight. 2006 Page 92 . VENT and EXTRACTion words become amber on the ECAM CAB PRESS page in case of low extract pressure. . A skin valve fault warning is triggered in case of: . The skin air inlet or outlet position is displayed amber on the ECAM CAB PRESS page. INLET and EXTRACT words are displayed amber on the ECAM page.UM21W3000000001 AVNCS SYS FAULT In case of AVioNiCS SYStem FAULT. the MASTER CAUT comes on. the aural warning sounds and the EXTRACT FAULT light on the VENT panel comes on. BLOWER and EXTRACT FAULT lights come on. In case of low blowing pressure or duct overheat. the aural warning sounds and the BLOWER FAULT light on the VENTILATION panel comes on. EXTRACT FAULT In case of EXTRACT FAULT. AVIONICS SMOKE In case of SMOKE detection. VENT word is amber on the ECAM CAB PRESS page. U3T06191 .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 ..U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10..UM21W3000000001 BLOWER FAULT . 2006 Page 93 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . AVIONICS SMOKE MAINTENANCE COURSE .

The AEVC will change the system configuration depending on whether the A/C is on ground or in flight and on A/C skin temperature.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) May 10. U3T06191 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) GENERAL The system is automatically controlled by the Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC) and no crew action is required.UM21D5000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . NOTE: Note: The BLOWER and EXTRACT P/Bs must be in AUTO position.U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 94 .

2006 Page 95 .U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .UM21D5000000001 GENERAL MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) May 10.

or above 9°C (48. NOTE: Note: The skin air inlet and outlet valves are fully open. is blown into the system.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) May 10. U3T06191 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION In open circuit configuration. is drawn by the extraction fan directly overboard. The air.2°F) decreasing). after cooling the avionics equipment.UM21D5000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . The open circuit configuration allows avionics equipment to be cooled with ambient air under certain conditions. (On ground and skin temperature above 12°C (53. ambient air drawn through the skin air inlet valve by the blower fan.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 96 .6°F) increasing.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21D5000000001 OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) May 10.U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 97 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . U3T06191 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) CLOSED CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION In closed circuit configuration. The skin exchanger outlet bypass valve opens in order to decrease the noise level in the avionics bay.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) May 10. 2006 Page 98 . The skin exchanger inlet bypass valve is controlled by the AEVC in accordance to the system configuration.U13T1M0 .UM21D5000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . Then this air is blown into the avionics equipment again. the extracted avionics equipment air goes through the skin exchanger isolation valve into the skin heat exchanger to be cooled.

U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21D5000000001 CLOSED CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 99 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) May 10.

U3T06191 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) May 10. NOTE: Note: The skin air outlet valve is an electrically operated single flap valve with a smaller flap built into it. part of the extracted air is expelled overboard. This smaller flap is opened in flight or on ground with takeoff power selected. the system is almost like in closed configuration. when the skin temperature is above 35°C (95.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . It returns to the closed position when the skin temperature decreases below 31°C (87.8°F).U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 100 .0°F).SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) PARTIALLY OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION In partially open circuit configuration.UM21D5000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .

2006 Page 101 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21D5000000001 PARTIALLY OPEN CIRCUIT CONFIGURATION MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION (3) May 10.

The avionics system fault signal is used for valve position disagree warning on ground or loss of power supply of the Avionics Equipment Ventilation Computer (AEVC). CONTROLLER AEVC/SDAC The avionics controller monitors the skin air valves position. 2006 Page 102 .U13T1M0 . In case of valve position disagree or loss of power supply of the controller. the conditioned air inlet valve and the exchanger inlet bypass valve position. The signals BITE data via an ARINC bus and the MCDU test demand via a discrete are used for avionics equipment ventilation system monitoring. EIU Engine Interface Units (EIUs) 1 and 2 send the takeoff thrust signal to the avionics controller for ventilation system control. Test of the system is done by sending a test demand discrete signal to the controller.UM21F4000000001 SKIN AIR VALVES/SDAC The skin air valves position signals are sent to both System Data Acquisition Concentrators (SDACs) for system display and for skin valve fault warning. MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) May 10. The skin valve position feedback signal is used for system display and valve position disagree warning in flight. CFDIU The avionics controller sends BITE data to the Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU) via an ARINC bus. SKIN TEMPERATURE SENSOR The skin temperature sensor signals the skin temperature to the computer for configuration control. The thrust lever set to takeoff and an N2 above idle signal is used for system control.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . The ground/flight signal is used for system control. the controller sends an avionics system fault signal to both SDACs.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) LGCIU Landing Gear Control and Interface Units (LGCIUs) 1 and 2 send a signal to the avionics controller for ventilation system control. U3T06191 .

UM21F4000000001 LGCIU .U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) May 10. CONTROLLER AEVC/SDAC MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .. 2006 Page 103 ..

U3T06191 .73 hPa) signal or high duct temperature 62°C (144°F) signal. LP Delta P = 0.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . are used for fault and ventilation ground warnings located on the external power receptacle. 2006 Page 104 .UM21F4000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . On the ground. the ADIRU and AVNCS VENT lights come on amber on the external power receptacle accompanied by the horn activation.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) BLOWING PRESSURE SWITCHES AND DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSOR The blowing pressure switches and the duct temperature sensor signal a low flow and a high duct temperature to the controller to both SDACs and to the BLOWER P/B.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) May 10.U13T1M0 .025 psi (1.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 105 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) May 10.UM21F4000000001 BLOWING PRESSURE SWITCHES AND DUCT TEMPERATURE SENSOR MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) EXTRACT PRESSURE SWITCH The extract pressure switch signals a low flow to the controller to both SDACs and to the EXTRACT P/B. the ADIRU and AVNCS VENT lights come on amber on the external power receptacle accompanied by the horn activation.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) May 10. U3T06191 . The extract LP is used for fault and ventilation ground warnings located on the external power receptacle.UM21F4000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . 2006 Page 106 .U13T1M0 . On the ground.

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .UM21F4000000001 EXTRACT PRESSURE SWITCH MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 107 .U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) May 10.

U3T06191 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . to both VENTILATION P/Bs and to the GEN 1 LINE P/B.U13T1M0 .UM21F4000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 108 . The smoke detected is used for smoke warning.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) SMOKE DETECTOR The smoke detector signals smoke to the controller.

UM21F4000000001 SMOKE DETECTOR MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INTERFACES (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 109 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . if both valves are fully open and Differential Pressure (DELTA P) is no more than 1psi. U3T06191 . the valve is closed.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION (3) May 10. When it is set to OFF or if smoke is detected or the DITCHING P/BSW is ON. with 16ºC (60ºF) at the 12 o'clock position. HOT AIR P/B The HOT AIR P/BSW is used to control the cockpit and cabin hot air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV). the isolation valves are closed and the extraction fan stops. the heating controller controls the HOT AIR PRV to close. which controls the trim air valve to add hot air to cabin ambient air. the cargo ventilation controller will start the extraction fan.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION (3) FWD ISOL VALVE P/B The FWD ISOLation VALVE P/B controls the isolation valves and the extraction fan through the ventilation controller. TEMPERATURE SELECTOR The temperature rotary selector gives the desired temperature to the heating controller. 2006 Page 110 . if necessary.UM21P5000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . When it is pressed in. When it is set to OFF. The selector temperature range is between 5ºC (41ºF) and 26ºC (79ºF). NOTE: Note: In case of duct temperature above 88ºC (190ºF).U13T1M0 .

.U13T1M0 ..T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .UM21P5000000001 FWD ISOL VALVE P/B . HOT AIR P/B MAINTENANCE COURSE .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 111 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION (3) May 10.

the FAULT light on the FWD ISOLation VALVE P/B and the MASTER CAUTion come on. the failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM CONDitioning page. FWD CRG VENT FAULT In case a FWD CaRGo VENT FAULT occurs.U13T1M0 . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM CONDitioning page. FWD CRG ISOL VALVE When the cargo inlet or outlet isolation valve disagrees with the selected position. and the aural warning sounds. The aft ventilation and heating systems are also optional. FWD CRG HEAT FAULT When a FWD CaRGo HEAT FAULT occurs.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) GENERAL The FWD cargo compartment can be optionally equipped with ventilation and heating systems. The FAULT light will go off only when it is set to OFF and the duct temperature is below 70°C. the FAULT light on the HOT AIR P/B and the MASTER CAUTion come on. U3T06191 . a FWD CaRGo ISOLation VALVE condition occurs.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . FWD CRG DUCT OVHT In case a FWD CaRGo DUCT OVerHeaT condition occurs. and the aural warning sounds. the failure is shown amber on the EWD and no SD page is called on the ECAM. 2006 Page 112 .UM21W4000000002 NOTE: Note: The Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) is automatically closed by the cargo heating controller. This failure occurs when duct temperature reaches 88°C. MAINTENANCE COURSE . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM CONDitioning page. NOTE: Note: The trim air valve is closed if the controller does not operate.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. This failure occurs in case of cargo heating controller failure.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 ..UM21W4000000002 GENERAL .U13T1M0 .. FWD CRG VENT FAULT MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 113 .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .

When it is pressed.UM21P6000000001 MAINTENANCE COURSE . the heating controller controls the cargo hot air PRV to close.U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . HOT AIR P/B The HOT AIR P/BSW is used to control the cargo hot air Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV). NOTE: Note: In case of duct temperature above 88°C (190°F).SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION (3) AFT ISOL VALVE P/B The AFT ISOLation VALVE P/B controls the isolation valves and the extraction fan through the ventilation controller.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION (3) May 10. if necessary. TEMPERATURE SELECTOR The temperature rotary selector gives the desired temperature to the heating controller. The task of such pressure-regulating valve is to reduce the bleed pressure to 4 psi above the cabin pressure. the cargo ventilation controller will start the extract fan. 2006 Page 114 . only if both isolation valves are fully open. It acts as a shut-off valve. U3T06191 . The selector temperature range is between 5°C (41°F) and 26°C (79°F) at the 12 o'clock position. When it is set to OFF. the isolation valves are closed and the extract fan stops. When it is set to OFF or if smoke is detected. which controls the trim air valve to add hot air to cabin ambient air. the valve is closed.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21P6000000001 AFT ISOL VALVE P/B ..U13T1M0 . HOT AIR P/B MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROLS PRESENTATION (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .. 2006 Page 115 .

2006 Page 116 . AFT CRG HEAT FAULT When an AFT CaRGo HEAT FAULT occurs. NOTE: Note: the PRV is closed due to the failure. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM CONDitioning page. The FAULT light will go off only when it is set to OFF and the duct temperature is below 70°C.AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. MAINTENANCE COURSE . The trim air valve is spring loaded closed if power supply is lost or if the controller does not operate. AFT CRG VENT FAULT When the extract fan fails. This failure occurs when duct temperature reaches 88°C. the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD and no SD page is called on the ECAM. an AFT CaRGo VENT FAULT occurs.UM21W5000000001 NOTE: Note: the Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) is automatically closed by the cargo heating controller.U13T1M0 . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM COND page. the corresponding message appears amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM COND page. the FAULT light on the HOT AIR P/B and the MASTER CAUTion come on and the single chime sounds. This failure occurs when the cargo inlet or outlet isolation valve disagrees with the selected position. AFT CRG ISOL VALVE When an AFT CaRGo ISOLation VALVE condition occurs.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) GENERAL The aft cargo compartment can be optionally equipped with ventilation and heating systems.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 . This failure occurs in case of cargo controller failure. AFT CRG DUCT OVHT When an AFT CaRGo DUCT OVerHeaT is detected. the FAULT light on the AFT ISOLation VALVE P/B and the MASTER CAUTion come on and the single chime sounds. U3T06191 .

.. 2006 Page 117 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  21 .U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 .UM21W5000000001 GENERAL . AFT CRG VENT FAULT MAINTENANCE COURSE .AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10.

A.S. 31707 BLAGNAC cedex.S. FRANCE STM REFERENCE U3T06191 MAY 2006 PRINTED IN FRANCE AIRBUS S. 2006 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AN EADS JOINT COMPANY WITH BAE SYSTEMS .AIRBUS S.A.

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