Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
Name: Course: Tutor: Due Date:
Marva Foster Human Development Ms. Beverly Feare 7.2.11
INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF THE CARIBBEAN
Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
A series of stages of faith development were proposed by Professor James W. For the Christian this world would be God. Stage 2 the µMythical ± literal faith this is from age twelve to pre-adolescence. It proposes a staged development of faith (or spiritual development) across the life span. faith is a process of relating to what is most important in life. Fowler. in the book Stages of Faith. In the first three stages of James Fowler faith developmental Theory. Fowler's research and theories are similar to the work of two famous psychologists Jean Piaget was famous for his cognitive development theories and Kohlberg who is known for his work in moral reasoning. he stated that an individuals in one way or another rely on some authority outside themselves for spiritual belief. Fowler¶s definition of faith does not necessarily mean religious faith.
. Stage 1 the µIntuitive ± Projective µfaith this is from age three to seven years olds. a developmental psychologist at Candler School of Theology. for Fowler. Stage 0 -µPrimal or Undifferentiated¶ Faith this is from birth to two years olds. Fowler believes that all people go through stages of spirituality development during their lives. Although not an age.
James Fowler¶s first three stages of Faith Developmental Theory are. Fowler's theory of spiritual development stretches from infancy to old age.related stage theory. but for other people this could be something else.
This stage is the first where one has self awareness. It lacks deductive and inductive logic´. courage.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
Stage 0 The µPrimal or Undifferentiated¶ Faith this is from birth to two years olds. "Seen from the cognitive developmental perspective the child's thinking is fluid and magical. The use of symbols and
. here fowler related to cognitive development. that will later be sorted out by logical and reflective thought. Transition to the next stage begins with the emergence of thought and language. He also believes that if consistent nurture is experienced by the child they will develop a sense of trust and safety about the universe and the divine conversely. sexual relationship and death. hope. This is a very fantastical and imaginative stage uninhibited by logic. During this stage the child begins to understand cultural taboos concerning the sexes. inconsistencies and deprivations in an infant's environment" as they begin to separate themselves from objects in the outside world. he or she begins to build an image of what life is all about. Because of strong egocentrism. negative experiences also will cause one to develop distrust with the universe and the divine. and love are fused in an undifferentiated way and contend with sensed threats of abandonment. the perspectives of others cannot be understood. which brings symbols in speech and ritual play. particularly their mother. With a child¶s discovery of language and imagination. The imagination is very active and long lasting images of both good and bad are formed. Here Fowler believes "The seeds of trust. Stage 1 is the Intuitive-Projective Faith this is from age three to seven.
During this stage. narrative construction of meaning and coherence. The major step towards stage 2 is obtaining concrete operational thought. but they are also appealing because they become the media for the extension of the child's experience and understanding of life. STORY becomes the major way of giving unity and value to experience. Meaning is trapped in story and so one cannot "step out" of the story to reflect and analyze. One takes on the stories.appeal because of their inherent interest. beliefs and observances of the group to which they belong.
Stage 2 is the Mythical-Literal Faith stage this is age twelve to per-adolescence. one has increased accuracy in taking the perspective of others and thus a morality begins to develop based upon mutual fairness and justice. A stage two person understands the difference between make-believe and reality.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
imagery give the child an understanding about who he or she is and the power to develop a feeling about that knowledge.
." When one has acquired concrete operational thought he/she begins to separate what things are real and what is make-believe. This gives rise to a more linear.true or realistically fictional. where "Stories of lives and of great adventures . A person in this stage believes stories they hear basing understanding of self and universe on them.
Caregivers can transmit warm caring relationship by loving and respecting the child as this will help to build the child self-esteem and enabling the child to have first. Caregiver¶s roles may vary according to their assignment to the individual or the institution that is involves. this stage is when the foundation of faith begins to be formed. for example day care« Teacher as caregiver.hand appreciation of his or her self. the head of any household who attend to the needs of a child or dependent of adult. and teachers¶ i. nurse. volunteers. parent and/or foster parent. some tasks are quite time consuming as well as some are costly. social worker who assists person with illness or other disability. teaching them morals and values and encouraging right behavior and correcting wrong action. model and ethical mentor. treating students with love and respect. Examples of some caregiver are physician.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
Caregivers are person who are responsible for individual/individuals who are left in their supervision. Similar to Erik Erikson's stage of Trust vs. The baby will come to develop faith in its care giver as its needs for security and comfort are met. Jesus said suffer the little children to come unto me and for bid them not for such is the kingdom of heaven. Mistrust. children has a right. There are other caregivers such as spouses. this stage of faith has to do with an infant's knowledge of and fondness towards the primary care giver. and anyone who helps another person is a caregiver. They need to listen carefully to what the child has to say. Caregiver although it is largely inaccessible to practical research.
and they should serve as ethical mentors by providing moral instruction and guidance as the bible declare to train up a child in the way he should and when he is old he will not depart from it. one should serve without practicality.
.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
Caregiver serves as moral models that should demonstrate a high level of respect and responsibility in executing their duties irrespective of whom they are serving.
And it is synthetic in that it is non-analytical. One can examine what one believes. and religion. this change to include English and homosexuality is embraced by a religion that formerly forbade it. The individual in Stage Three does not take an individual perspective. Example: Changes in religious practices. which story is true.. For instance. This is "unexamined" faith. but seeks to conform to the group that they belong to. in that it is seen as being everybody's faith system or the faith system of the entire community. school. the big bang theory or the bible creation story? Which group do you believe? Information about existence comes from family. Things that contribute to going on to the next stage include a contradiction from an authoritative source. This is when one begins to form the basis for spiritual identity and outlook. comparing contradictory stories.. There must be a synthesis of values and information.
." This stage begins with formal operational thought. There must be a deep reflection and examination of what one believes compared to what his/her religion believes in order to move on to the next stage. work. conventional. Catholic always believe that mass should only be in Latin.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
Stage 3 is the Synthetic-Conventional Faith this is the adolescence age where "The central meaning behind the terms synthetic and conventional are derived. peers. This individual is very tuned into the expectations and judgments of the group and seeks to reside in an ideology rather than fully adopting an individual belief. society.
Ratcliff. Women¶s Spirituality: Resources for Christian Development. San Francisco
. 226-232. Published 1991 by Baker Book Fowler. J. 1986). Donald E. Paul D Minirth. Stages of Faith. Harper and Row. pp. Frank B. Harper and Row.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
Fowler.). J. Introduction to Psychology and Counseling Meier. San Francisco Joann Wolski Conn (ed. (Paulist. (1971). (1971). Stages of Faith.
They try to see from any wise perspective and are constantly creating a woven tapestry of belief. Stage 5 is the Conjunctive Faith mid crisis when "The truth. becoming distinct from views held by others. previously defined from the perspective of a member of a group. "no longer depends on one's roles or meaning to others. This is a 'demythologizing' stage."
A stage Five person is so comfortable with their place in the grand scheme of things that they are more interested in what is true than what they believe. the death of a parent or children growing up and leaving home. . Or it can result from the challenges of moving. For some adults this stage can be precipitated by changes in primary relationships. one's individual world view changes. understanding that the two might be unrelated.Reflective Faith this is the mid twenties to late thirties when an individual reflects on ³But what does it all mean? Developing your own identity and ideology´ This is the stage when an individual is developing in two major ways. They let reality speak for itself regardless of its impact on them. or changing jobs.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
Stage 4 is the Individuative."It is like: "Looking at a field of flowers simultaneously through a microscope and a wide-angle lens. as a style of faithknowing." Also as an individual. One reflects on the symbols learned in the past and translates those symbols into concepts and ideas. . such as divorce. This person trusts that the "known" is out there and takes the initiative to discover it.
. The self. For most this change comes with the natural occurrence of leaving one's childhood home and forming one's first adult life structures. does exist and it is complex. I believe.
This does not mean that the person is wishy washy or uncommitted to one's own truth of tradition. stories."
One in stage 5 is willing to be converted by other ways of thinking. and yet somehow more fully human than the rest of us. Conjunctive faith.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
"Religiously it is known that the symbols. partial. Conjunctive faith's "radical openness" to other traditions comes from the belief that "reality" cannot be held entirely in one tradition and spills over into many traditions.
"The new strength of this stage comes in the rise of the ironic imagination a capacity to see and be in one's or one's group's most powerful meanings. is ready for significant encounters with other traditions than its own. expecting that truth has disclosed and will disclose itself in those traditions in ways that may complement or correct its own. They wear out their lives in this
. The rare persons who may be described by this stage have a special grace that makes them seem more lucid. therefore. while simultaneously recognizing that they are relative. limited to a particular people's experience of God and incomplete. doctrines and liturgies offered by its own or other traditions are inevitably partial. Such persons are ready for fellowship with persons at any of the other stages and from any other faith tradition.
Stage 6 is the Universalizing Faith or what some might call "enlightenment at old age when it is believed that "Universalizers are often more honored and revered after death than during their lives. and inevitably distorting apprehensions of transcendent reality."
People that move on to stage six overcome the cynicism of Stage Five and endeavor with everything that they are to become the reality they hope for. Their community is universal in extent Life is both loved and held to loosely. more simple.
In this stage. caring for their needs. who was the head of a girl¶s boarding school. These are people who are often martyred by the people they hope to help.a ministry of presence. where writers and policy makers urge strategies of 'triage' to ensure that resources are not 'wasted' on those who have no chance of recovery and useful contribution. Gandhi. even he admits that faith development is hard to pin down into clear stages. a foreign-born nun in her late thirties. and the hopeless. and Mother Teresa are some that Fowler mentions in his book (pg 203). feeding them when they are able to take nourishment and affirming by word and deed that they are loved and valued people of God? But in a world that says people only have worth if they pull their own weight and contribute something of value. washing them. what could be more relevant?
I think that Fowler's stage theory is a great way to look at things.
.Fowler s Stages of Development 2011
pursuit through action. As she traveled through the city she became overwhelmed by the sight of abandoned persons. They had visions to which they had committed their total beings. the concept of relevant irrelevance has great importance. was going on retreat. lying in the streets.
In a nation and a world where scarcity is a fact of life.. Mother Teresa of Calcutta's ministry illustrates this powerfully. the forgotten. Martin Luther King Jr. One thing is certain. what could be less relevant than carrying these dying persons into places of care. Under the impact of those grim sights she felt a call to a new form of vocation. Some of these forgotten people were already having their not yet lifeless limbs gnawed by rodents. Mother Teresa. It is hard enough to define words like faith and spirituality. left to die. most people wonder about what is out there beyond what we know through science and reason. service and care to the abandoned. However.
Fowler s Stages of Development 2011