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36s A lo-/O NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Washington, D. C. 20546
RELEASE NO: 74-303
SKYNET II-B/Delta 105
GENERAL RELEASE .............................. SKYNET II-B/DELTA 105 LAUNCH OPERATIONS ......
STRAIGHT-EIGHT DELTA 2313 MODEL STATISTICS ...
4 Second Stage .............................. DELTA SKYNET FLIGHT EVENTS ............. 5 MAJOR
K I T
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Washington, D. C. 20546
Immediate Ann Weeks Headquarters, Washington, D.C. (Phone: 202/755-8347) Joseph McRoberts Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. (Phone: 301/982-4955) RELEASE NO: 74-303
NASA TO LAUNCH BRITISH SKYNET COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE A British defense communications satellite is scheduled for launch into synchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean aboard a NASA Delta three-stage launch vehicle from Cape Canaveral, Fla. about Nov. 22. 8:10 p.m. EST. The launch window is open from 7:40 to
Called Skynet II-B, the spacecraft was built for the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence. It will be placed in
an elliptical orbit with an apogee of 36,950 kilometers (22,960 miles) and perigee of 185 km (115 miles). time -At an appropriate
probably as early as the first apogee some 5.8 hours a solid rocket motor on the spacecraft will
after launch --
inject it into its 35,786-km (22,400-mi.) circular synchronous orbit. -moreNovember 13, 1974
-2A hydrazine control system will handle any relatively its station minor orbital anomalies and keep the satellite on over the equator at 50 E. longitude.
project Goddard Space Flight Center, Gieenbelt, Md., has Space Center responsibility for the Delta, while the Kennedy provides launch support. NASA launch services are provided (DOD),
Defense on a reimbursable basis to the U.S. Department of States. which represents the Skynet project in the United
from The DOD procures the spacecraft propulsion systems services U.S. manufacturers and contracts for NASA's launch Office. through the U.S. Air Force Space and Missile Systems
Defence The spacecraft was developed by Marconi Space and Douglas AstroSystems Ltd. in the United Kingdom and McDonnell contractor nautics Co., Huntington Beach, Calif. is the prime for the Delta vehicle and launch services.
Center Robert C. Baumann of NASA's Goddard Space Flight is Associate Director of Projects for Delta.
(END OF GENERAL RELEASE.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION FOLLO07S.)
-3SKYNET II-L/DELTA 105 LAUNCH OPERATIONS NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center's Unmanned Launch Operations Directorate plays a key role in the preparation and launch of the three-stage, Thrust-Augmented Delta rocket carrying the Skynet spacecraft. The Delta 105 first stage was erected on Pad B at Complex 17 at Care Canaveral SAir Force Station on Oct. 17 and the three solid strap-on rocket motor' were mated with The Delta second stage was the first stage on Oct. 18. third on Nov. 1. The Skynet spaceerected Oct. 24, the craft was placed atop the spin-stabilized, solid-propellant The payload fairing, designed to third stage on Nov. 5. protect Skynet during its flight through the atmosphere will be erected atop. Delta 105 four days before launch. STRAIGHlT-EIGHiT DrLTA 2313 MODEL STATISTICS trs (116 ft.), including shroud. 35.4 me.2.4 meters solids. (8 ft.) without attached
Maximum Diameter: Weight:.
106,000 kms (230,250 lbs. or about 116 tons). 1,278,0010 newtons (286,500 including strap-on solids. :,766,COn N (396,000 lbs.) ait T+2, seconds. ths.)
Extended long tank Thor (Ltq.n3d on' ): i-r,-uccd Ln ;cDonnell Douglas Astronautics ,. *nginuz Produced by Rocketdyne Divi*,. 1Rockwell international
Q , (3 ft). 0
is ,n -f: is
used as the fuel and utilized as the oxidizer.
and 48 sec.
-4 Ap;[r2:.iflatoLy 85,276'is (187,607 lbs) excluding strap-on solids. T'rhrue solid propellant rockets pro"uce, uy the Thiokol Chemical Corp. ('l inches). ft). (29,568 lbs). (9,850 lbs.) each. (156,000 (lbs.) total for thrae (52,000 (11s.) each.
Hleight: Total Thrust:
0.8 mrter., 6.0 meteter-s
t3,41k( Eq 4,470 }:q
693,950 Newtons :'c;wtons 231 , - sccncs.
Produced b: McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co., SECOND STAGE: Major sub-contractors for the vehicle's ustinc a TR, engine. system located on the second stage are idance inertial 11amilton--Standara and Telecyne. Propellants: Diameter: Hieight: Weigh : Thrust: "otal Liquid--AcroZene 50 for the fuel and Nitrogen Tetroxide (N204) for the oxidizer. (8 ft)
1.5 meters (5 ft) plus 2.4 meters attached ring. 5.2 meters 6210 Ens (21
(6.8 ton.). (9,500 lbs).
Alout 42,300 Newtons
284 secs. p'st buhn) 16 secs- (2nJ burn).
MAJOR DELTA SKYNET FLIGHT EVENTS TIME 0 Seconds 38 seconds 1 min. 10 sec. 3 min. 48 sec. 3 min. 56 sec. 4 min. 2 sec. 4 min 3/ sec. 8 min. 45 sec. 21 min. 44 sec. 22 min. 0 sec. ALTITUDE (NM) 0 (2.4) 7 47 51 53 67 92 98 98 99 99 100 102 123 VELOCITY (Feet Per Second)
EVENT Liftoff Three solid motor burnout Three solid motor jettison Main engine cut-off (MECO) First/second stage separation Second stage ignition Fairing jettison Second engine cut-off (SECO) Restart stage II Second engine cut-off (SECO) 2 Third stage spin up Second/third stage separation Third stage ignition Third stage burnout Third stage/spacecra t separation
2,362 16,425 16,445 16,419 17,000 25,67i ',631 26,422 26,445 26,445 26,438 36,692 33,581
22 min. 50 sec. 22 min. 52 sec. 23 min. 30 sec. 24 min. 1U sec. 25 min. 30 sec.