NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

'Washington, D. C. 20546 202-755-8370

FOR RELEASE:
December 12, 1974
106

PROJECT: POEL2ASE
NO: 74-316

SYMPHONIE/DELTA

contents
GENERAL RE ................................ LEASE 1-4 ...................... 5

DELTA 2914 LAUNCH VEHICLE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS

............................. 6

.. 7 MAJOR DELTA 106 SYM1PHONIE FLIGHT EVENTS........ LAUNCH OPERATIONS .............................. 8

8-9 SYMPIHONIE/DELTA 106 TEAM. ......................

K4 I T

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Washington, D. C. 20546 (Phone: 202/755-8370)

FOR RELEASE:
December 12, 1974 Nicholas Panagakos Headquarters, Washington, D.C. (Phone: 202/755-3680) Joseph McRoberts Goddard Space Fliqht Center, Greenbelt, Md. (Phone: 301/982-4955)

RELEASE NO:

74-316

SYMPHONIE SET FOR DECEMBER 17 LAUNCH

NASA will launch the first French/German communications satellite aboard a Delta rocket from Kennedy Space Center, Fla, about Dec. 17.

The launch marks the 44th time that a non-NASA group has purchased a Delta and complete launch services from the space agency.

Called Symphonie, the experimental satellite will test and demonstrate communications equipment for television, radio, telephone, telegraph and data transmission. The spacecraft will

provide the equivalent of two channels of color television
transmission and eigit voice channels, or 1,200 telephone circuits.
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December 5, 1974

V

-2Traveling at a speed that maintains its position in relation to the Earth's surface, Symphonie will be located 35,900 kilometers (22, 300 miles) over the equator at 11.5 degrees west longitude.

The satellite will be capable of transmitting between ground stations in portions of North and South America, Europe, Africa and the Middle East.

Weighing 402 kg (886 lbs.), the spacecraft has a diameter of 1.85 m (6.06 ft.) and a height of 0.5 m (1.64 ft.). The apogee motor engine and nozzle, super high frequency antenna feed and reflectors, and the reception horn and solar are mounted on top. sensors

The VHF antennas are on the underside.

Three attached solar panels extend outward 2.57 m (8.3 ft.) from the spacecraft.

Power is generated by the solar panels; two batteries supply power for spacecraft housekeeping during eclipses, transmitting equipment cannot be operated.

when

Liquid fuel is used for Symphonie's apogee motor, which will be ignited by ground command to place the satellite into its final synchronous orbit. This marks the first use of

liquid fuel for the apogee motor of a spacecraft planned for synchronous orbit. -more-

-3The Spaceflight Tracking and Data Network (STDN) and

minitrack tracking stations of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md., hill track Svmphonie during the transfer orbit (launch-through-apogee motor firing) in cooperation with French and German ground stations. Data will go via the

NASA station in Madrid to the Operations Control Centers at Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich, Gerniany, and at Toulouse, France.

The French-German Svmphonie organization consists of the French space agency, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales and the German (GFW). (CNES),

counterpart, Gesellschaft fur Weltraumforschung

A Franco-German industrial consortium, Consortium (CIFAS), is the

Industriel Franco-Allerand pour Synphonie prime contractor.

Three German and three French companies The French firms are Societe Nationale (S.A.T.)

make up the consortium.

Aerospatiale, Societe Anonyme de m-Ipcommunications and Thomson-CSF.

Germanv's are AEG-Telefunken, Messerschmitt-

4 BoelkowBlohm (I3BB) and Siemens, A. .

The Goddard Center manages Delta projects and the prime contractor is McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co., Huntington
Beach, Calif.

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7

-4Delta Project Manager is Robert Baumann, GSFC.

Peter

Eaton, Office of Space Science, NASA Headquarters, is Delta Program Manager.

The Symphonie Project is managed by a Franco-German Executive Committee. The French executive secretary is Bernard

Deloffre and the German executive secretary is Dr. George Moesl. Dr. Buck Pfeiffer is Sytphonie Satellite Group Manager. Madon is CIFAS Project Group Manager. Pierre

The Symphonie launch window extends from 9:38 p.m. to 10:09 p.m. EST.

(END OF GENERAL RELEASE.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION FOLLOWS.)

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DELIT. 2914 LAUNCH VEIIICLI: The spacecraft will be launched by a three-stage Delta launch vehicle, which has an overall length of approximately 35 meters (116 feet), and a maximum body diameter of 2.4 meters (8 feet). The Delta launch vehicle has a success-to-launch ratio of 90 percent for the past 14 years. First Stage The first stage is a McDonnell-Douglas modified Thor booster incorporating nine strap-on Thiokol solid-fuel rocket The booster is powured bi a Rocketdyne engine using motors. liquid oxygen (LOX) aind liquid hydrocarbon propellants. The main engine is gimbal-mounted to provide pitch ai.3 yaw Two liquidcontrol from liftoff to main-engine cutoff (MECO). propellant vernier engines provide roll control throughout first stage operation and pitch and yaw control from MECO to separation of the first and second stages. Second Stage The second stage is powered by a TRWP liquid-fuel pressurefed engine that also is gimbal-mounted to provide pitch and .. nitrogen gas system yaw control through second-stage burn. using eight fixed nozzles provides -oll control during powered and coast flight as well as pitch and yaw control during coast and after second-stage cutoff (Sl:CO).Two fixed nozzles, fed by the propellant-tank helium-pressurization system, provide retro-thrust after third-stage scLaration. Third Stage The third stage is the TE-364-4 spin-stabilized solidThe tniird-stagje motor is secured propellant Thiokol motor. The firing of in a spin table mounted to the second stage. eight solid propellant rockets fixed to the spin table accomplishes spinup of the third ;tage assembly. Injection into Synchronous Orbit
X

The spacecraft apogee motor will bh fired at the fourth This maneuver will place apogee, about 40 hours after launch. the spacecraft in circular orbit at synchronous altitude above The spacecraft will be moved from the apogee the equator. firing location to its final station of 11.5 degrees west longitude. About a month after launch, following checkout of the onboard communications systems, the spacecraft will become operational.

J

,X

-6SEQUENCE OF EVENTS TIME (SEC) EVENT

0.00 38.190 39.000 87.000 227.612 233.617

Stage 1 liftoff (6) Solid Motors Burnout (3) Solid Motor Igaition Jettison (9) solid motor gasings Main engine cutoff Vernier engine cutoff

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MAJOR DELTA 106 SYMPHONIE FLIGHT EVENTS

EVENT

TIME

ALTITUDE

(Mi.)

VELOCITY

(Feet P,±r Second)

Liftoff Six solid motor burncut Throe Thre'solia motor ignition solid motor burnoutJetlison (i',ECU)

0

seconds

0 4 4 sec. 14 16 57 60 62 78 105 231 2150 2150 3600

38 seconds 39 seconds I min. 17
I

N!n.o solid motor

nin.

27

isec.

4'110
17,700 17,700 17,700 18,t50 26,100 25,350

Main engine cut-off

3 min. 3 min. 4 min. 4 min. (SECO1) 8 min. 24 min.

48 sec. 56 sec. 1 sec. A0 sec.

First/secornd stage separation Second staCci ignition

Fairing jettison Second stage first cut-off Second stage restart Second stage second cut-off (SECO2) Third stage spin up Second/third stage separation Third stage ignition Third stage burnout

50 sec. 5 sec.

24 min. 25 min.

22 14

sec. sec.

234 244 244 252 263 298

25,800 25,700 25,700 25,650 33,100 32,900

25 min. 16 sec. 25 min. 26 min. 57 sec. 40 sec. 54 sec.
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Third stage/spacecraft separation 27 min.

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-8LAUNCH OPERATIONS The John F. Kennedy Space Center's Unmanned Launch

Operations Directorate plays a key role in the preparation and launch of the three-stage, thrust-augmented Delta rocket carrying the Symphonie-A spacecraft. TI.a Delta 106 first stage was erected on Pad B at Complex 17 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on Nov. 24. Four of the nine solid strap-on rocket motors were mated with the first stage on Nov. 24 and the remaining five were mated on Nov. 25. The Delta second stage was erected on Nov. 26. The Symphonie spacecraft was received at KSC on Oct. 15, checked out in Hangar S at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and moved to the pad for mating with Delta. The payload fairing which will protect Symphonie during its flight through the atmosphere will be placed atop Delta 106 four ddys before launch. The three-day countdown leading to launch is conducted by a joint NASA/industry team.
SYMPHONIE/DELTA 106 TEAM

NASA Headquarters Dr. Noel Hinners John Thole Joseph Mahon Peter Eaton Associate Administrator for Space Science Deputy Associate Administrator for Space Science Director, Launch Vehicles and Propulsion Manager, Delta Program

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Kennedy Space Center Miles Ross Acting Director

John J. Neilon
A. Weston, Hugh HuhA.WTn

Director, Unmanned Launch
Operations

r. -r.

Manager, Delta Launch Operations
Manager, Delta Spacecraft

William R. Fletcher, Jr.

operations

Goddard Space Flight Center Dr. John F. Clark Robert Baumann Director Delta Project Manager

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