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National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washingion. D.C 20546 AC 202 755-8370
PESS KIT R
GENERAL RELEASE ...............
LAUNCH OPERATIONS ................
STRAIGHT-EIGHT DELTA FACTS AND FIGURES o....... MAJOR DELTA/TELESAT-C FLIGHT EVENTS ........... TRACKING AND DATA OPERATIONS ..................
THE TELESAT/DELTA TEAM ........................
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Washington D C 20546
AC 202 755-8370
Ann Weeks Headquarters, Washington, D.C. (Phone: 202/755-8347) Joe McRoberts Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. (Phone: 301/982-4955)
F')r Release IMMEDIATE
NASA TO LAUNCH CANADIAN COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITF
The third in a series of Canadian domestic communications satellites, Telesat-C, will be launched by NASA from Cape Canaveral, Fla., aboard a Delta rocket about May 7.
Telesat-C will be placed in synchronous orbit over the equator at 119 degrees West Longitude (due south of Los Angeles), where it will receive television and telephone transmission to ground stations in Canada. Each Telesat is able to accommodate 10 color television channels or up to 9,600 telephone circuits.
-moreApril 21, 1975
-2ANIK-3 Once in orbit, the satellite will be called Eskimo for "brother."
1973 are located Two earlier Telesats launched in 1972 and respectively, at 114 degrees and 109 degrees west longitude television and telefrom which positions they have provided of Canada. phone service to the most remote areas Canada manages the Telesat program. Telesat
describing the David Golden, President of Telesat Canada, in northern Canada, impact of ANIK communications, especially said: dramatic e fect, "There's no doubt that TV is having a
be even more dramatic but in the long run I think there will ordinary social relaeffects on industry, business, commerce, tions, feelings of identity, homogeneity. This is going to be
services which can manifested in the ordinary communications be afforded by satellite."
initially into The Delta vehicle will place tle spacecraft kilometers (144 to a highly elliptical orbit of 232 to 36,150 launch, On the seventh apogee, three days after 22,460 miles). the satellite will be a solid propellant rocket motor on board the orbit at commanded to fire from the ground to circularize mi.). a synchronous altitude of 36,234 km (22,506 -more-
-3At this altitude the speed of the spacecraft in orbit matches the rotational speed of Earth so that it appears to hover over one spot. Small gas jets on board will keep the
spacecraft "on station" and oriented properly toward Earth to reqeive and retransmit signals.
Telesat satellites are about 1.8 meters (six feet) in diameter, stand about 3.3 m (11 ft.) tall, and weight about 270 kilograms (600 pounds) in orbit. Some 23,000 solar cells
and batteries give forth adequate power when the spacecraft is in the Sun and during the short periods when it is in darkness or eclipse. years. Expected lifetime of the satellite is seven
Telesat Canada was established by the Canadian government in 1969 to own and operate its domestic satellite communications system. NASA provides the launch vehicle and launch services,
and is reimbursed for this support by Telesat Canada.
Command and data analysis are the responsibility of the Telesat Satellite Control Center, Ottawa. Tracking, trans-
mission and reception of data will be provided by the Telesat Earth station near Allan Park, Ontario, about 130 km (80 mi.) west of Toronto. -more-
__ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
The Delta Project is managed by the Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. Launch services are provided by the McDonnell Douglas Astronautics
Kennedy Space Center, Fla.
Co., Huntington Beach, Calif., is the Delta prime contractor and Hughes Aircraft Co., Culver City, Calif., built the spacecraft for Telesat Canada.
(END OF GENERAL RELEASE.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION FOLLOWS)
LAUNCH OPERATIONS The spacecraft will be launched from Complex 17B at the Eastern Test Range, Fla., by a three-stage Delta launch vehicle. F rst Stage: The first stage is a McDonnell Douglas modified Thor booster incorporating nine strap-on Thiokol solid-fuel rocket motors. The booster is powered by a Pocketdyne engine using liquid oxygen The main engine is gimbaland liquid hydrocarbon propellants. mounted to provide pitch and yaw control from lift to main engine cutoff (MECO). Second Stage The second stage is powered by a TRW liquid-fuel, pressurefed engine that also is gimbal-mounted to provide pitch and yaw control through second-stage burn. A nitrogen gas system uses eight fixed nozzles for roll control during powered and coast flight, as well as pitch and yaw control during coast and after Two fixed nozzles, fed by the propellantsecond-stage cutoff. tank, helium-pressurization system, provide retro-thrust after third stage separation.
The third stage is the TE-364-4 spin-stabilized, solidIt is secured in a spintable mounted to propellant Thiokol motor. The firing of eight solid-propellant rockets the second stage. fixed to the spintablr.. accomplishes spin-up of the third stage spacecraft assembly. Injection Into Synchronous Orbit The Delta vehicle will inject Telesat-C into transfer The apogee t with an apogee of 36,150 km (22,460 mi.). orb motor (ABM) will be fired to place the spacecraft in boost synchronous orbit on the seventh apogee, after which it will drift to its station at 119 degrees west longitude at a rate of about six degrees each day,
-6STRAIGHT-EIGHT DELTA FACTS AND FIGURES The Delta has the following general characteristics: Height: 35.4 m (116 ft.) including shroud Maximum diameter: 2.4 m (8 ft.) without attached solids Liftoff weight: 133,180 kg (293,000 lbs.) Liftoff thrust: 1,741,475 Newtons (391,343 lbs.) including strap-on solids tank Thor, produced by McDonnell. Douglas. The RS-27 engines are produced by the Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International. The stage has the following characteristics:
2.4 m (8 ft.) Diameter: 21.3 m (70 ft.) Height: First Stage -(Liquid only) consists of an extended long
RJ-1 kerosene as the fuel and liquid oxygen (LOX) as the oxidizer 912,000 N (205,000 lbs.) Thrust: Burning time: about 3.48 minu.es Weight: about 84,600 kg (186,000 lbs.) excluding strap-on Propellants:
Strap-on solids consist of nine solid propellant rockets produced by the Thiokol Chemical Corp., with the following features:
0.8 m (31 in.) Diameter: 7 m (23.6 ft.) Height:
40,300 kg (88,650 lbs.) for nine 4,475 Xg (9,850 lbs.) each Thrust: 2,083,000 N (468,000 lbs.) for nine 231,400 N (52,000 lbs.) each Burning time: 38 seconds Total weight: Co., utilizing a TRW TR-201 rocket engine; major contractors for the vehicle inertial guidance system located on the second stage are Hamilton Standard and Teledyne.
Second Stage -Produced by McDonnell Douqlas AstronautjcC
-7Propellants: Liquid, consists of Aerozene 50 for the fuel and Nitrogen Tetroxide (N2 04 ) for the oxidizer Diameter: 1.5 m (5 ft.) plus 2.4 m (8 ft.) attached ring Height: 6.4 m (21 ft.) Weight: 6,180 kg (13,596 lbs.) Thrust: about 42,923 N (9,650 lbs.) Total burning time: 335 seconds
Third Stage -Thiokol Chemical Co. TE-364-4 motor
1.4 in (4.5 ft.) Height: in (3 ft.) Diameter:
Weight: 1,160 kg (2,560 lbs.) Thrust: 61,858 N (13,900 lbs.) Burning time: 44 seconds
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-9TRACKING AND DATA OPERATIONS
The Spaceflight Tracking and Data Network (STDN) will The tracking provide launch vehicle support for the mission. stations at Johannesburg, South Africa; network includes Tananarive, Malagasy Republic; Orroral, Australia; Santiago, Chile; Quito, Ecuador; and Rosman, N.C. The STDN and mission and data operations are managed by the Goddard Space Flight Center for NASA's Office of Tracking and Data Acquisition.
THE TELESAT/DELTA TEAM
NASA Headquarters Dr. Noel W. HinnerL Associate Administrator for Space Science Deputy Associate Administrator for Space Science Director, Launch Vehicle and Propulsion Program Manager, Small Launch Vehicles and International Programs Manager, Delta Associate Administrator for Tracking and Data Acquisition
John M. Thole
Joseph B. Mahon
Peter Eaton Gerald M. Truszynski
Goddard Space Flight Ceiter Dr. John F. Clark Director Associate Director of Projects for Delta
Robert C. Baumann
Kennedy Space Center Lee R. Scherer John J. Neilon Director Director of Unmanned Launch Operations Manager, Delta Operations Jr. Spacecraft Coordinator Chief Engineer, Operations Delta
Hugh A. Weston, Jr. William R. Fletcher, Wayne McCall
Telesat Canada David A. Golden William Zatychec President Manager, Spacecraft Group
Contractors McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co. Delta launch vehicle Huntington Beach, Calif. Hughes Aircraft Co. Santa Barbara Research Center Santa Barbara, Calif.