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A

(1) (a , b)

(2)
( , )
1 1 (1 , 1)
3 2 (3 , 2)
2 3 (2 , 3)
(3 , 2) (2 , 3)

(4 , 1) (1 , 4) 3 3
B
(1)

(2) x x ( )

(3) y y ( )

(4)
x y O O(0 , 0)
x
x y 0 (a , 0)
A (2 , 0) A(2 , 0) B ( 3 , 0) B( 3 , 0)
y
y x 0 (0 , b)
C (0 , 3) C(0 , 3) D (0 , 2) D(0 , 2)
(a , b) P P (a , b)
P(a , b) a P x ( ) b P y ( )

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C
(1) P(a , b)
x (a , 0) L
y (0 , b) M
L M P (a , b)
(2) P(a , b)
P(a , b) x M(a , 0) M
P x PM b
P(a , b) y N(0 , b) N
P y PN a
A A(4 , 3)
A x AM 3 A y AN 4
B A(5 , 3)
B x BG 3 B y BH 5
C C( 4 , 5) C x CK 5 C y CL 4
D D( 3 , 4) D x DT 4 D y DS 3
(3)
A(4 , 3) O x 4 M(4 0)
y 3 A(4 , 3)
B(5 , 3) O x 5 G(5 0)
y 3 B(5 , 3)
C( 4, 5) O x 4 K( 4 0)
y 5 C( 4 , 5)
D( 3 , 4) O x 3 T( 3 , 0)
y 4 D( 3 , 4) ( , )
D
(1) P(a , b) k x k P1 (a k , b)
(2) P(a , b) k x k P2 (a k , b)
(3) P(a , b) k y k P3 (a , b k )
(4) P(a , b) k y k P4 (a , b k )

A x y

B x (a , 0) y (0 , b)
C (0 , 0) x y
D P(a , b)
(1) a 0 b 0 P
(2) a 0 b 0 P
(3) a 0 b 0 P
(4) a 0 b 0 P

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1

(1) (2)

A B C D E F A B C D E F

G H I J K L G H I J K L

(1) (2)

A B C D E F A B C D E F

G H I J K L G H I J K L

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2
A H 8

A B C D A B C D
(3 , 2.5) (4 , 3) ( 3.5 , 4) ( 4, 3) (0 , 4) (3 , 0) (0 , 3) ( 4 , 0)

E F G H E F G H
7 9 3 9 3 3
( , 4) ( 3 , ) ( 4 , 3) (4 , ) ( , 1) ( , 4) (1 , ) ( 3 , 2)
2 2 2 2 2 2

(1) (2)

A H 8

A B C D A B C D
(2 , 5) ( 2 , 5) (2 , 5) ( 2 , 5) (0 , 5) (5 , 0) (0 , 5) ( 5 , 0)

E F G H E F G H
5 3 5 3
(5 , 2) (5 , 2) ( 5 , 2) ( 5 , 2) (3 , ) ( , 5) ( , 3) (5 , )
2 2 2 2

(1) (2)

129
3
1. A( 3, 5) B( 5 , 4) C(4 , 3) D(2 , 6) E( 6 , 2) 5
(1) x
A _______ B _______ C _______ D _______ E _______
(2) y
A _______ B _______ C _______ D _______ E _______
2. A(2 , 4) B( 4 , 2) C( 3 , 4) D(3 , 5) E( 5 , 3) 5
(1) x ______ x ______
(2) y ______ y ______
(3) x __________
(4) y __________
3.x P Q( 3 0) 6 P _________
4.y R Q (0 4) 5 R _________

1. A( 4, 6) B( 3 , 5) C(5 , 7) D(6 , 4) E( 7 , 3) 5
(1) x
A _______ B _______ C _______ D _______ E _______
(2) y
A _______ B _______ C _______ D _______ E _______
2. A(5 , 6) B(3 , 7) C( 3 , 3) D(4 , 6) E( 2 , 5) 5
(1) x ______ x ______
(2) y ______ y ______
(3) x __________
(4) y __________
3.x P Q (4 , 0 ) 9 P _________
4.y R Q (0 , 2 ) 7 R _________

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4
1. A( 3 , 2) 6 4 B
B _________
2. P (5 , 3) Q( 6 , 9) _______
_______
3. A(2x 3y 4 , x 4y 5) x 5 y
11 B( 2y , 2x)
(1)(x , y) ________
(2)A __________
4. A 12 6
B (2 , 4) A __________
5. A( 7, 2) B(2 , 7) a
b a 2b _________

1. A(5 , 3) 10 6 B
B _________
2. P( 4 , 2) Q(6 , 8) _______
_______
3. A 9 10
B ( 3, 4) Q __________
4. A(3 , 6) B( 6 , 4) a
b 2a b _________

131
5
1. A (2x 1,y 5) B(x 2y 8 , 5 2x)
(3) C (x y , x y) x ________
(4) C (x y , x y) y ________

2. A(a 2 , 2b 9) B(b 1 , 3a 9)
(1)(a , b) _______
(2)A x ________
(3)B y ________
3. A ( 3x 5 , 3y 1) B (y 1 , x 1) A 3
3 B 4 2 C
(1)(x , y) ________
(2)C _________

1. A (3x 5 , 2y 6 ) B( 3y 2, 6x 4)
(1) C (x y , 2x y) x ________
(2) C (x y , 2x y) y ________

2. A(3a b , 2a 3b 11) B( a 3b , 3a 2b)


(1)(a , b) _______
(2)A x ________
(3)B y ________
3. A (2x y 4,x 2y 3) B (x y 3,x y 4) A 6
4 B 2 3 C
(1)A _________
(2)B _________
(3)C _________

132
6
1. ABCD AB x AD y A( 4 , 6)
C(2 , 4)
(1)B _______ D _______
(2) ABCD _________

2. ABCD BC AD BC x CD y
BC 6 CD 10 ABCD 90 A( 6 10)
(1)B ________
(2)C ________
(3)D ________

3. ABCD AD x AB y A( 4 , 6)
AB 10
(1)B _______
(2)C _______
(3)D _______

1. ABCD AB x AD y A( 4 , 6)
C(2 , 8)
(1)B _______ D _______
(2) ABCD _________

2. ABCD BC AD BC x CD y
BC 5 AD 9 ABCD 56 C (2 , 3)
(1)A ________
(2)B ________
(3)D ________

3. ABCD AD x AB y A( 6 , 4)
AB 12
(1)B _______
(2)C _______
(3)D _______

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7
1. O P (3a 12 , 4a 12)
(1) P x a _______ OP _________
(2) P y a _______ OP _________

2. A(2a 6 , 3b 12)
(1) A x 4 a b _____________
(2) A y 3 2a b _____________

3. A(3a 9 , 2a 4) B
(1) A x AB x AB 18 B ______________
(2) A y AB y AB 12 B ______________

1. P (2a 6 , 3a 12)
(1) P x a _______ P _________
(2) P y a _______ P _________

2. A(3a 12 , 2b 6)
(1) A x 9 a b _____________
(2) A y 10 a 2b _____________

3. A(4 , 6) B
(1) AB x AB 10 B ______________
(2) AB y AB 10 B ______________

134
8
1. A B C B C x AB
x ABC 12 A ( 3,4)
(1)B ________
(2)C ________

2. 4 P 2, 0
(1)Q _________
(2)R _________
(3)S _________
(4)T _________

3. A( 2 , 5) B( 2, 7) C(4 , m) D(1 , 3)
ABCD 39
m ________

4. A( 1 , 4) B( 6 , 3) C(7 , 4) ABC ________

5. ABCD B y A( 2 , 3) C(5 , 4)
(1)D ________
(2) ________

6. A(2 , 3) B(0 , 2) C(3 , 0) D(4 , 0)


ABCD ________

7. A( 1 , 5) B(3 , 2) C( 2, 2)
ABC _________

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1. A( 3 , 2) B( 3 , 3) C x ABC 20
C __________

2. A(4 , 6) B(0 , 2) C(6 , 0) ABC


ABC ________

3. A A 4 B B 5 C
C k O OABC 25
(1)A _________
(2)B _________
(3)C _________

4. A( 3 , 0) B(4 , 0) C(6 , 4) D(m , n)


ABCD AB / / CD AB CD
(1)D ________
(2) ABCD ________

5. A(4 , 6) B(4 , 4) AB O O ________

6. A(0 , 7) B( 7 , 3) ABC
56
(1)D ________
(2)C ________

7. A B C A(2 , 7) B( 8 , 1) C( 3 , 1)
ABC _________

136
9
1.
( 4 , 6) (0 , 4) ( 3, 2) (5 , 7) ( 9 , 0) (4 , 6)

(a 3 , 7) (0 , a 2) (a 5 , 5 a) (a , 4 2a) ( a , 0) (1 a , a 4)

2. a 0 b 0
a2 b
b 2 , ab ( a , b) ( a 2b , a b ) (a 2b , b 2a) ( , b2 ) ( , a)
b a

3. P(6 a , 4 b) (4 a , b 6) ______

b 2a
4. (ac , bc) ( , ) ______
2c b

5. A a, b a b (a b ab) _______

6. A A x 6 A y x 4
A A ________

7. A(26 x 40 y , 40 x 50 y ) B( 20 x 5 y 100 , 5 x 4 y 100) A


27 16 B
(1)A x _______
(2)B y _______
(3)P x, y ______

137
1. A(a b) a b

B( a , b) _____ C (a b , a2 ) _____
a
C( , b a) _____ D b , ab 2 _____
b

2. A(ab , a b) B(b a , a) _______

ax by 20
3. x 6 y 1 ( a , b) _______
bx ay 9

1 1
4. 1 k 0 (k , k ) _______
k k

5. P ( a b) A(a b , a2 ) B( b , a ) C ( ab , a) D(ab , b a) E 0, b

b 1
F a, 0 G( , )
a b
(1) ________ ________
(2) ________ ________

b
6. A a, b B(ab , ) _______
a

7. a b c
d a b c d _______

8. ab 0 a b 0 a b a b a, b ______

9. (ab , a b)

(1) a , b ______

a
(2) ( a , ) ______
b

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