q ~ mc~T = (l23.4g)(0.900J/g°C)(28.6°C)
q = 3. 17 x 10' J = 3.17kJ
2. How much energy is released when 44.6g orlithium metal is cooled from 82.2 °c to 23.0 °C? Answer
in both J and kJ. CLi = 3.556 Ji g 'c.
Note: Since the lithium is cool ing dow n and energy is being released, we know that our energy, q, is goi ng
to be negati ve. Since there is a temperature change, the formula we need to use here is q = meLlT.
q = mc~T ~ (44.6g)(3556J/g°C)(59.2°C)
q = 9.39 x 10' J = 9.39kJ
3. What increase in temperature will resuit if212.0g of copper abso rbs 4.08kJ of heat energy? C c , =
0.385 Ji g 'c
Note: This problem is similar to the questions above in that it involves one single element heating up or
cooling down. Therefore; we need to use q = mc.6.T. However, since we are looki ng for a temperature
change, we will need to rearrange the formula.
Remember: when you are given an energy and specific heat, always check yo ur units. In thi s question,
energy is given in kJ and specific heat is in J. Therefore we must convert the energy from kJ into J:
Note #2: Now we need to figure out if q is positive or negative . Since the copper absorbs heat, it must be
q = mc~T
~T ~ l ~ ~ 50.00C
3
4.08 X 10 J
me (2 12.0g)(OJ85J/g°C)
Therefore, the copper metal will increase in temperature by 50.0 0c.
2. How many joules of heat are needed to rai se the temperature of 10.0 g of aluminum from
22°C to 55°C, if the specific heat of aluminum is 0.90 J/gOC?
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3. A 55.1 g piece of metal is heated to a temperature of 45.l o C, and placed into a cup
containing 359 g of water at 20.0°e. The final temperature of the water and metal is 22.3°C.
a. How much heat energy did the water absorb?
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b. How many joules of heat was exchanged between the water and the metal?
7. If a sample of chloroform is initiall y at 25°C, what is its final temperature if 150.0 g of
chloroform absorbs 1.0 kilojoules (1000 1) of heat, and the s pecific heat of chloroform is 0.96
l /goC?
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8. A container of water changes temperature from 34°C to 40°C when a 300 g pfice of
aluminum originally at lOooe IS placed in side. What is the mass of the water?
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14 Ig~"c. \r¥l w ('iO 3~oc..) f (D.tt J'~t)(3eOjX:~W  loa "c.) =/
.:lS .0 g "'" w  1b20~ J :::?5 eM uJ = b i'b :5\
9. If200. grams of water is to be heated from 24.00e to 100.0°C to make a cup of tea, how
much heat must be added? The specific heat of water is 4.1S 1/g0C
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10. A total of280 joules of heat are absorbed as 58.3 g of lead is heated from 12.0°C to 42.0°C.
This energy came from water coo ling from 95°C to 42°C. What is the heat capacity of the
lead?
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l.~O J = S>b (58 .3j '+ 112."')

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II. Granite has a specific heat of800. l /g°C. What mass of granite is needed to store 1.50 xl0 6 1
of heat if the temperature of the granite is to be increased by I S.5°C?
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12. If al l of the heat requ ired to rai se the temperature of 2S grams of water from 25.00e to 2S.0oe
came from a piece of gold jewelry cooling from IllS .soC to 28.0°C. What is the mass of the
gold ?
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15.300 .0 mL of 4.0° C water chan ges its temperature to 37°C when a 500 g piece of hot iron is
added. If the specific heat of water is 4.18 J/gOC, calculate the initial temperature of the iron .
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