Your Boss wants to create a hypermedia system for Web visitors to find technical support information about your company. What are some of the implications in creating this system? Should you hand-build the links or use an automatic indexing system. Why? Answer: Hypermedia is used as a logical extension of the term hypertext in which graphics, audio, video, plain text and hyperlinks intertwine to create a generally nonlinear medium of information. This contrasts with the broader term multimedia, which may be used to describe non-interactive linear presentations as well as hypermedia. Hypermedia includes use of sound, video, image and text. This helps the user to know about the product of the company. The user can view and test the product so for as view of the product is concerned. However the hypermedia restricts the speed of web and it also enhances the time taken for opening of the site. So for as the use of hand build indexing system and automatic indexing is concerned, it is the glue that holds the content together. It is the layer of order which makes data base product, robust, and responsive, thus best ever to serve the needs of organization. However without automatic indexing, one may find the precise bit of data that will ignite a new market. 2. Discuss the implications of using audio in a production, focusing on the purpose of the audio, how to manage audio files, and copyright issues. Answer Implications of using audio in a production

The purpose of audio is to help create mood and ambience. How to manage them digitally is up to you, or software can be purchased to manage them easily. If you plan on using any recorded audio in your video, the rights for it must be purchased, or created by you. You can't just use any music if you want to publically show your video, online or otherwise.

3. What is the need of hyperlinks in a web page? Create document in html with creation of different frames and links. Answer In computing, a hyperlink (or link) is a reference to a document that the reader can directly follow, or that is followed automatically. A hyperlink is something in a web page that when you click on it, a new web page appears in your browser. The simplest form of a hyperlink is what Poppy Dog calls a Text Hyperlink. This is basically some text which is usually underlined, an example is Poppy Dog Home - a Text Hyperlink

<HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>HOME</TITLE> </HEAD> <FRAMESET cols="27%, 73%"> <FRAMESET rows="200, 200"> <FRAME src="F:\Image"> <LI><A href="F:\Image"> some neat contents</A> </FRAMESET> <FRAME src="F:\Image\2.jpg"> </FRAMESET> </HTML>

Out put

PART B 4. Discuss the three image file format of bitmap and vector images used in multimedia .Also differentiate between them. Answer Bitmap images Bitmap images (also known as raster images) are made up of pixels in a grid. Pixels are picture elements; tiny dots of individual color that make up what you see on your screen. All these tiny dots of color come together to form the images you see. Most computer monitors display approximately 70 to 100 pixels per inch--the actual number depends on your monitor and screen

settings. Common bitmap formats include: • BMP • GIF • JPEG, JPG • PNG • PICT (Macintosh) • PCX • TIFF • PSD (Adobe Photoshop)

The BMP File Format, also known as Bitmap Image File or Device Independent Bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a Bitmap, is a Raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device(such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems. The Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) is a bitmap image format that was introduced by CompuServe in 1987 and has since come into widespread usage on the World Wide Web due to its wide support and portability. In computing, JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital photography (image). The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size and image quality. JPEG typically achieves 10:1 compression with little perceptible loss in image quality.

Vector images Vector images are made up of many individual, scalable objects. These objects are defined by mathematical equations rather than pixels, so they always render at

the highest quality. Objects may consist of lines, curves, and shapes with editable attributes such as color, fill, and outline. Common vector formats include: • AI (Adobe Illustrator) • CDR (CorelDraw) • CMX (Corel Exchange) • CGM Computer Graphics Metafile • DXF AutoCAD • WMF Windows Metafile

Adobe Illustrator is a vector graphics developed and marketed by Adobe Systems.


• CDR file format is a proprietary file format developed by Corel Corporation and primarily used for vector graphic drawings. There is no publicly available CDR file format specification. • The Connected Media Experience is a non-profit Standard-Setting Organization (SSO) formed to promote a technical standard for enhanced digital media packages. The specification for the package format is intended to be applicable to a variety of content types, including music, movies, news, books, and others. The working name “CMX” has been used in the past for this initiative. 5. Explain with an example of sample rate. Which is the best way to measure the sample rate and store in which high quality media? Answer Sample Rate A key defining characteristic of any digital audio signal is its sampling rate, usually just called the sample rate. This refers to how frequently the analog

signal is measured during the sampling process. If you think about it, the reason why this is important is obvious: imagine that you had a recording of someone speaking, and you sampled the recording once per second. You'd end up with a lot of choppy noise. The more frequently the signal is sampled, the better the approximation to the original sound. However, the higher the sample rate the more memory is required to store the samples, so you don't want to sample more than is necessary either!

6. Describe the limitations and benefits of bitmap and vector graphics. Answer Bitmap A bitmap is an image which is made up of tiny squares of color. The arrangement of these tiny coloured squares produces the effect of an image. This is a good method of reproducing 'continuous tone' images, such as photographs. The amount of detail that can be seen in a picture depends on the resolution of the image; how many times per inch these squares or pixels occur. 300 times per inch is what is needed for good quality reproduction on a commercial printing press, and 72 pixels per inch for monitor display. Bitmaps have two disadvantages. In terms of the amount of digital storage, bitmaps are memory intensive, and the higher the resolution, the larger the file size. The other disadvantage with bitmaps is when an image is enlarged, the individual colored squares become visible and the illusion of a smooth image is lost to the

viewer. This 'pixilation' makes the image look course. Vector graphics Scalable vector graphics are very different from bitmaps. Vectors describe the shape of an object as a series of points connected by curved or straight lines, represented as a mathematical formula. These lines may have a thickness or stroke assigned to them, and the object they create can be filled with color. The advantages of using vector graphics are; a small file size and the ability to scale the image to any size without loss of quality; see the image above. They are ideal for logo designs, as they can be printed very small on business cards or printed large on a billboard poster. Vector graphics, however, cannot reproduce 'continuous tone' photographic images like bitmaps.

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