Dear Mr.Michael, I’ve got this article from internet.
Could you please help refering it and issue some rules for improving the quality of our sample making. As I saw, normally, the appearance of waistband on our sample is really not best. Please advise , what kind of notions should be preshrink and the method? Thanks and best regards Hung le
How to Preshrink Fabric
How to Preshrink washable fabric*
Before sewing your project, preshrink any fabric you suspect might shrink after laundering. (Not all fabrics shrink when laundered. If you’re unsure about your fabric, launder it anyway just to be on the safe side.) If your fabric ravels easily, serge or zigzag the raw edges to keep them from fraying. It’s fine to launder your fabric with a regular load of laundry. However, if your fabric is a dark or bright color that may bleed, launder it separately. If your fabric is 100% cotton, you may want to wash and dry it several times. One hundred percent cotton fabrics don’t always shrink the maximum amount the first time. Also preshrink linings, interfacings**, and notions: Preshrink linings, notions (zippers, trims, elastics), and non-fusible interfacing as you did your fabric. Place notions in a lingerie bag to keep them from getting lost. Preshrink fusible interfacing by hand-washing it. Submerge the interfacing in a sink full of warm to hot water for about 10 minutes. Don’t wring the interfacing because it could damage the adhesive or create wrinkles you won’t be able to press out. Instead, roll the interfacing between layers of a towel and blot the water out. Lay it flat to dry, it may stretch if hung. And don’t put fusible interfacing in the dryer. The heat of the dryer could damage the adhesive or the adhesive could damage your dryer. Do not press the interfacing or you’ll melt the adhesive. For an item you plan to hand wash: Hand wash your fabric with a mild soap and let it air dry. Preshrink your linings and notions as you did your fabric. Preshrink your interfacing** using the method described above.
Note: When pressing your fabric. Remove the press cloth and allow your fabric to dry. Method 3: Working in sections. Some fabrics can water spot or become damaged if dampened. As a general rule. Leave the fabric in place until it’s completely dry. it shouldn’t need preshrinking. dampen a press cloth and place it on top of your fabric. you may still need to preshrink your fabric. Preshrink your yardage using one of the methods below. Some fabrics can shrink just from being exposed to the heat and moisture from an iron. If you can see wrinkles between the pressed area and the nonpressed area or if you can see the indentation from your iron. Method 2: Working in sections. hotter settings for cottons and wools. cooler settings for delicate fabrics. Test your fabric first for shrinkage: If it doesn’t shrink by one of these methods. and notions: Preshrink linings using the method you used above. Method 1: Take your yardage to your dry cleaner and have him steam press it for you. How to Preshrink dry-clean only fabric: Test these methods on a scrap of your fabric first. then press it dry. Dampen the square of fabric. If your fabric square is smaller. Also preshrink linings. Steam the next section the same way and continue until all your fabric has been steamed. Preshrink your fabric using one of the methods below. your fabric shrank. interfacings**. Or dampen the fabric itself.
. Place the square on a piece of paper and trace it. your fabric shrank.How to Preshrink dry-clean only fabric*
Even though you won’t be laundering your finished item. Place the square on top of your tracing. Method 2: Cover a large corner of your fabric with a press cloth. Method 1: Cut about a 2” square of your fabric. Press and steam this corner thoroughly. Steam the next section the same way and continue until all your fabric has been steamed. Press your fabric on the wrong side with your iron. Leave the fabric in place until it’s completely dry. hold an iron just above your fabric and thoroughly steam it until it’s damp. remember to use an appropriate temperature.
poplin. Cotton is also weakened by excessive exposure to sunlight. We’ll end up making better fabric choices and caring for our finished items better. and absorbent. Most white cottons can be bleached. steam shrink the piece just prior to application by holding your iron over it and steaming it for a few seconds.
Cotton comes from the seedpod of the cotton plant.
Natural Fibers Natural fibers come from plants and animals.Preshrink notions (zippers. damask. Iron cotton fabrics slightly damp using a high temperature. so it’s important to preshrink cotton fabric before sewing. twill. Preshrink interfacing using the hand-washing method described earlier. Cotton also shrinks when laundered.
It’s helpful to know as much as we can about the fabrics we work with.
. but hand washing is recommended for some weaves (read your care label). trims. Follow the specific care instructions provided with your fabric. durable. Don’t press fusible interfacing or you’ll melt the adhesive. It takes dye well. and can withstand high temperatures. elastics) by submerging them in warm water and letting them air dry. draws heat away from the body. Or. Fabric characteristics Cotton fabrics have a soft hand and come in a variety of textures and weights. Examples of cotton fabrics Flannel. Drawbacks Most cottons wrinkle easily unless treated with a special finish. broadcloth. Note: The care guidelines given are general. Care requirements Most cotton fabrics can be laundered. denim. So here’s a list of some of the most common fabric fibers with information about each. Positive qualities Cotton is strong.
. and llamas. and has good recovery. natural looking texture and a slight sheen.
Wool comes from the fleece of sheep. organza. Do not bleach. Care requirements Since linen fabrics can shrink or soften if laundered. such as goats. and some may be hand or machine washed (read your care label). Drawbacks Silk can shrink if washed (unless the fabric has been preshrunk prior to garment construction). Drawbacks Linen tends to wrinkle easily unless treated with a special finish. Positive qualities Silk is very strong. draws heat away from the body. camels. Fabric characteristics Linen fabrics have a course.
Silk comes from the cocoon of the silkworm. It can also shrink and soften if laundered. takes dye well. Examples of silk fabrics Brocade. Positive qualities Linen is strong. Machine drying is usually not recommended. They're available in various weights and weaves. It is also a smooth fiber that’s lint free. Care requirements Dry-cleaning is recommended for some silk fabrics. absorbent. Press silk using a low iron temperature and a press cloth. Linen also has poor elasticity – it tends to stretch without recovering its shape. Fabric characteristics Silk fabrics drape well and have a smooth texture. Silk is also weakened by sunlight and perspiration. It’s wrinkle-resistant. absorbent. and holds in body heat. Iron linen using a high temperature. and also from the coats of other animals. chiffon.Linen comes from the flax plant. dry-cleaning is usually recommended. and can withstand high temperatures.
Drawbacks Acrylic is not very absorbent and tends to pill. holds in body heat. from very smooth to nubby. holds in body heat. flannel. it’s vulnerable to moths. dries quickly.
Synthetic/Man-Made Fibers Synthetic or man-made fibers are created through a variety of chemical processes. but some can be washed by hand or machine (read your care label). Do not use bleach. felt. Positive qualities Wool is absorbent. and is wrinkle resistant. gabardine. Examples of wool fabrics Merino wool. Drawbacks Wool is a relatively weak fiber. It takes dye well and retains its shape. Positive qualities Acrylic is strong. Care requirements Dry cleaning is usually recommended for wool fabrics. silk-like. Positive qualities Acetate dyes well. is stretch resistant. it can wrinkle easily. Use a low iron temperature. and resists shrinking.
. and is wrinkle-resistant.Fabric characteristics Wool fabrics come in many textures and weights. but they can sometimes be hand or machine washed (read your care label). and it’s not very absorbent.
Fabric characteristics Acetate fabrics drape well and are smooth. Drawbacks Acetate is a relatively weak fiber. jersey. and dries quickly. and shrinks if laundered unless treated with a special finish.
Fabric characteristics Acrylic has a springy texture that resembles wool. Care requirements Acetate fabrics often need to be dry-cleaned. and lustrous. It takes dye well.
and either air-dried or tumbled dry at a low temperature. Use a low iron temperature. Positive qualities Rayon is highly absorbent. It doesn’t shrink. and can yellow. Positive qualities Nylon is strong. use a moderate temperature. keeps its shape. It’s available in a range of weights and textures and is often used for linings and foundation garments. and dries quickly. Drawbacks Polyester is not very absorbent and can pill. easier to care for.
Fabric characteristics Rayon fabrics tend to be soft and have a nice drape. and dries quickly. but dry cleaning may be recommended for some.Care requirements Acrylic fabrics can usually be laundered. holds in body heat. and takes dye well. yet lightweight. They usually don’t need ironing if removed promptly from the dryer.
Fabric characteristics Polyester comes in a range of weights and textures. Drawbacks Nylon is not very absorbent. or less expensive. Care requirements Nylon fabrics can usually be washed by hand or machine. They come in a range of weights and textures. tends to pill. and elastic. Positive qualities Polyester is strong and wrinkle resistant.
Fabric characteristics Nylon is a smooth fiber with a lustrous look and feel. It is often combined with other fibers to make a fabric more durable. It resists wrinkles and shrinkage. Care requirements Polyester fabrics are usually machine washable. If ironing is needed. Acrylic usually doesn’t need ironing if removed promptly from the dryer.
some can be machine washed and tumbled dry (read your care label).
. but some can be hand washed (read your care label). White rayon can be bleached. Do not bleach spandex. Either iron it damp on the wrong side or press on the right side using a press cloth. Care requirements Some spandex must be hand washed.Drawbacks Rayon wrinkles easily and can shrink or stretch if laundered. Use a low iron temperature. usually combined with other fibers to give fabric elasticity. Iron rayon using a moderate temperature. It is often used for swimwear. Positive qualities Spandex is lightweight and elastic with excellent recovery. spandex is a flexible fiber. exercise wear. Drawbacks Spandex is not absorbent and can yellow. Care requirements Dry-cleaning is recommended for some rayon fabrics. and foundation garments.
Fabric characteristics Often known by the brand name Lycra.