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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA

Integrated Curriculum For Secondary Schools

Curriculum Specifications

SCIENCE
Year 5

Curriculum Development Centre


Ministry of Education Malaysia
2006
Copyright © 2006 Curriculum Development Centre
Ministry of Education Malaysia
Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan
62604 Putrajaya

First published 2006

Copyright reserved. Except for use in a review, the reproduction or utilisation of this work in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other
means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying, and recording is forbidden without the written permission from the Director of
the Curriculum Development Centre, Ministry of Education Malaysia.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
The National Philosophy v
National Philosophy of Education vii
National Science Education Philosophy ix
Preface xi
Introduction 1
Aims and Objectives 1
Scientific Skills 2
Thinking Skills 3
Scientific Attitudes and Noble Values 7
Teaching and Learning Strategies 7
Content Organisation 9
Investigating Living Things
Learning Area: Microorganisms 13
Survival of the species 17
Investigating Force and Energy
Learning Area: Energy 23
Electricity 26
Light 29
Heat 32

iii
Investigating Materials
Learning Area: States of matter 36
Acid and alkali 41
Investigating The Earth and The Universe
Learning Area: Constellation 42
The Earth, The Moon and The Sun 43

Investigating Technology
Learning Area: Strength and Stability 46

Acknowledgements 49

Panel of Writers 50

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THE NATIONAL PHILOSOPHY

Our nation, Malaysia, is dedicated to achieving a greater unity of all her peoples; to maintaining a democratic way of life; to
creating a just society in which the wealth of the nation shall be equitably shared; to ensuring a liberal approach to her rich
and diverse cultural traditions; to building a progressive society which shall be oriented towards modern science and
technology;

We, the people of Malaysia, pledge our united efforts to attain these ends guided by these principles:

BELIEF IN GOD
LOYALTY TO KING AND COUNTRY
SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION
RULE OF LAW
GOOD BEHAVIOUR AND MORALITY

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NATIONAL PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

Education in Malaysia is an on-going effort towards further developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated
manner, so as to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious
based on a firm belief in and devotion to God. Such an effort is designed to produce Malaysian citizens who are
knowledgeable and competent, who possess high moral standards and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high
level of personal well-being as well as being able to contribute to the betterment of the family, society and the nation at large.

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NATIONAL SCIENCE EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY

In consonance with the National Education Philosophy, science education in


Malaysia nurtures a
science and technology culture by focusing
on the development of individuals who are competitive, dynamic, robust and
resilient and able to
master scientific knowledge and technological competency.

ix
PREFACE
In a recent development, the Government has made a decision to
The aspiration of the nation to become an industrialised society introduce English as the medium of instruction in the teaching and
depends on science and technology. It is envisaged that success in learning of science and mathematics. This measure will enable
providing quality science education to Malaysians from an early age pupils to keep abreast of developments in science and technology
will serve to spearhead the nation into becoming a knowledge in contemporary society by enhancing their capability and know-
society and a competitive player in the global arena. Towards this how to tap the diverse sources of information on science written in
end, the Malaysian education system is giving greater emphasis to the English language. At the same time, this move would also
science and mathematics education. provide opportunities for pupils to use the English language and
hence, increase their proficiency in the language. Thus, in
The Science curriculum has been designed not only to provide implementing the science curriculum, attention is given to
opportunities for pupils to acquire science knowledge and skills, developing pupils’ ability to use English for study and
develop thinking skills and thinking strategies, and to apply this communication, especially in the early years of learning.
knowledge and skills in everyday life, but also to inculcate in them
noble values and the spirit of patriotism. It is hoped that the The development of this curriculum and the preparation of the
educational process en route to achieving these aims would corresponding Curriculum Specifications have been the work of
produce well-balanced citizens capable of contributing to the many individuals over a period of time. To all those who have
harmony and prosperity of the nation and its people. contributed in one way or another to this effort, may I, on behalf of
the Ministry of Education, express my sincere gratitude and thanks
The Science curriculum aims at producing active learners. To this for the time and labour expended.
end, pupils are given ample opportunities to engage in scientific
investigations through hands-on activities and experimentations.
The inquiry approach, incorporating thinking skills, thinking
strategies and thoughtful learning, should be emphasised
throughout the teaching-learning process. The content and contexts (MAHZAN BIN BAKAR SMP, AMP)
suggested are chosen based on their relevance and appeal to Director
pupils so that their interest in the subject is enhanced. Curriculum Development Centre
Ministry of Education Malaysia

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INTRODUCTION AIMS

The aim of the primary school science curriculum is to develop


As articulated in the National Education Policy, education in
pupils’ interest and creativity through everyday experiences and
Malaysia is an on-going effort towards developing the potential of
investigations that promote the acquisition of scientific and thinking
individuals in a holistic and integrated manner to produce
skills as well as the inculcation of scientific attitudes and values.
individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and
physically balanced and harmonious. The primary and secondary
school science curriculum is developed with the aim of producing
OBJECTIVES
such individuals.

The Level Two Primary School Science curriculum is


designed to stimulate pupils’ curiosity and develop their interest as The Level Two Primary School Science Curriculum aims to:
well to enable pupils to learn more about themselves and the world 1. Stimulate pupils’ curiosity and develop their interest about
around them through pupil-centered activities. the world around them.
2. Provide pupils with opportunities to develop science process
The curriculum is articulated in two documents: the syllabus skills and thinking skills.
and the curriculum specifications. The syllabus presents the aims,
objectives and the outline of the curriculum content for a period of 3 3. Develop pupils’ creativity.
years for Level Two Primary School Science. The curriculum 4. Provide pupils with basic science knowledge and concepts.
specifications provides the details of the curriculum, which includes
5. To provide learning opportunities for pupils to apply
the aims and objectives of the curriculum, brief descriptions on
thinking skills and thinking strategies, scientific skills, scientific knowledge and skills in a creative, critical and analytical
attitudes and noble values, teaching and learning strategies, and manner for problem solving and decision-making.
curriculum content. The curriculum content covers the learning 6. Inculcate scientific attitudes and positive values.
objectives, suggested learning activities, learning outcomes, notes
7. Foster the appreciation on the contributions of science and
and vocabulary.
technology towards national development and well-being of
mankind.
8. Be aware of the need to love and care for the environment.

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SCIENTIFIC SKILLS

Science emphasises inquiry and problem solving. In inquiry and Predicting Making a forecast about what will happen in
problem solving processes, scientific and thinking skills are utilised. the future based on prior knowledge gained
Scientific skills are important in any scientific investigation such as through experiences or collected data.
conducting experiments and carrying out projects.
Communicating Using words or graphic symbols such as
Scientific skills encompass science process skills and tables, graphs, figures or models to describe
manipulative skills. an action, object or event.

Science Process Skills Using space-time Describing changes in parameter with time.
relationship Examples of parameters are location,
Science process skills enable pupils to formulate their questions direction, shape, size, volume, weight and
and find out the answers systematically. mass.

Descriptions of the science process skills are as follows: Interpreting data Giving rational explanations about an object,
event or pattern derived from collected data.
Observing Using the sense of hearing, touch, smell,
taste and sight to find out about objects or Defining Defining concepts by describing what must
events. operationally be done and what should be observed.

Classifying Using observations to group objects or Controlling Naming the fixed variables, manipulated
events according to similarities or differences. variables variable and responding variable in an
investigation. The manipulated variable is
Measuring and Making quantitative observations by changed to observe its relationship with the
Using Numbers comparing to a conventional or non- responding variable. At the same time, the
conventional standard. fixed variables are kept constant.

Making Using past experiences or previously


Inferences collected data to draw conclusions and
explain events.

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Making Making a general statement about the Thinking is a mental process that requires an individual to integrate
Hypotheses relationship between a manipulated variable knowledge, skills and attitude in an effort to understand the
and a responding variable to explain an environment.
observation or event. The statement can be
tested to determine its validity. One of the objectives of the national education system is to
enhance the thinking ability of pupils. This objective can be
Experimenting Planning and conducting activities to test a achieved through a curriculum that emphasises thoughtful learning.
(design a fair test) hypothesis. These activities include Teaching and learning that emphasises thinking skills is a
collecting, analysing and interpreting data foundation for thoughtful learning.
and making conclusions.
Thoughtful learning is achieved if pupils are actively involved
in the teaching and learning process. Activities should be organised
Manipulative Skills to provide opportunities for pupils to apply thinking skills in
conceptualisation, problem solving and decision-making.
Manipulative skills in scientific investigation are psychomotor skills
that enable pupils to: Thinking skills can be categorised into critical and creative
thinking skills. A person who thinks critically always evaluates an
• Use and handle science apparatus and substances. idea in a systematic manner before accepting it. A person who
• Handle specimens correctly and carefully. thinks creatively has a high level of imagination, is able to generate
• Draw specimens and apparatus. original and innovative ideas, and modify ideas and products.
• Clean science apparatus.
Thinking strategies are higher order thinking processes that
• Store science apparatus.
involve various steps. Each step involves various critical and
creative thinking skills. The ability to formulate thinking strategies is
the ultimate aim of introducing thinking activities in the teaching and
learning process.

THINKING SKILLS

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Critical Thinking Skills

A brief description of each critical thinking skill is as follows:

Attributing Identifying characteristics, features, Detecting Bias Identifying views or opinions that have
qualities and elements of a concept or the tendency to support or oppose
an object. something in an unfair or misleading
way.
Comparing and Finding similarities and differences
Contrasting based on criteria such as characteristics, Evaluating Making judgements on the quality or
features, qualities and elements of a value of something based on valid
concept or event. reasons or evidence.

Grouping and Separating objects or phenomena into Making Making a statement about the outcome
Classifying categories based on certain criteria such Conclusions of an investigation that is based on a
as common characteristics or features. hypothesis.

Sequencing Arranging objects and information in


order based on the quality or quantity of
common characteristics or features such
as size, time, shape or number.

Prioritising Arranging objects and information in


order based on their importance or
priority.

Analysing Examining information in detail by


breaking it down into smaller parts to find
implicit meanings and relationships.

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Creative Thinking Skills

A brief description of each creative thinking skill is as follows:

Generating Ideas Producing or giving ideas in a discussion. Synthesising Combining separate elements or parts to
form a general picture in various forms
such as writing, drawing or artefact.
Relating Making connections in a certain situation
to determine a structure or pattern of Making Making general statements about the
relationship. Hypotheses relationship between manipulated
variable and responding variable to
Making Using past experiences or previously explain an observation or event. The
Inferences collected data to draw conclusions and
statements can be tested to determine
explain events.
their validity.
Predicting Making a forecast about what will happen Making Analogies Understanding an abstract or complex
in the future based on prior knowledge concepts by relating it to simpler or
gained through experiences or collected
concrete concepts with similar
data. characteristics.
Making Making a general conclusion about a Inventing Producing something new or adapting
Generalisations group based on observations on, or
something already in existence to
information from, samples of the group.
overcome problems in a systematic
manner.
Visualising Recalling or forming mental images about
a particular idea, concept, situation or
vision.

Thinking Strategy

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Description of each thinking strategy is as follows:
Thinking Skills
Conceptualising Making generalisations based on inter-
related and common characteristics in
order to construct meaning, concept or
model. Critical Creative
Making Decisions Selecting the best solution from various • Attributing • Generating ideas
alternatives based on specific criteria to • Comparing and • Relating
achieve a specific aim. contrasting • Making inferences
• Grouping and • Predicting
Problem Solving Finding solutions to challenging or classifying Reasoning • Making
unfamiliar situations or unanticipated • Sequencing hypotheses
difficulties in a systematic manner. • Prioritising • Synthesising
• Analysing • Making
• Detecting bias generalisations
Besides the above thinking skills and thinking strategies, another • Evaluating • Visualising
skill emphasised is reasoning. Reasoning is a skill used in • Making • Making analogies
conclusions • Inventing
making logical, just and rational judgements. Mastering of critical
and creative thinking skills and thinking strategies is made
simpler if an individual is able to reason in an inductive and
deductive manner. Figure 1 gives a general picture of thinking Thinking
skills and thinking strategies. Strategies
• Conceptualising
• Making decisions
• Problem solving

Figure 1: TSTS Model in Science

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Mastering of thinking skills and thinking strategies (TSTS) Science Process Skills Thinking Skills
through the teaching and learning of science can be developed
through the following phases:
Observing Attributing
1. Introducing TSTS. Comparing and contrasting
2. Practising TSTS with teacher’s guidance. Relating
3. Practising TSTS without teacher’s guidance.
4. Applying TSTS in new situations with teacher’s Classifying Attributing
guidance. Comparing and contrasting Grouping
5. Applying TSTS together with other skills to accomplish and classifying
thinking tasks.
Measuring and Using Relating
Further information about phases of implementing TSTS can be Numbers Comparing and contrasting
found in the guidebook “Buku Panduan Penerapan Kemahiran
Berfikir dan Strategi Berfikir dalam Pengajaran dan Making Inferences Relating
Pembelajaran Sains” (Curriculum Development Centre, 1999). Comparing and contrasting
Analysing
Making inferences
Relationship between Thinking Skills and
Science Process Skills
Predicting Relating
Science process skills are skills that are required in the process of Visualising
finding solutions to a problem or making decisions in a systematic
manner. It is a mental process that promotes critical, creative, Using Space-Time Sequencing
analytical and systematic thinking. Mastering of science process Relationship Prioritising
skills and the possession of suitable attitudes and knowledge
enable pupils to think effectively. Interpreting data Comparing and contrasting Analysing
Detecting bias
The mastering of science process skills involves the Making conclusions
mastering of the relevant thinking skills. The thinking skills that are Generalising
related to a particular science process skill are as follows: Evaluating

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Science Process Skills Thinking Skills The following is an example and explanation of a learning outcome
based on thinking skills and scientific skills.

Defining operationally Relating Example:


Making analogy
Visualising Level Year 4
Analysing
Controlling variables Attributing Learning Outcome: Differentiate the air that we inhale and
Comparing and contrasting the air that we exhale.
Relating
Analysing Thinking Skills: Comparing and contrasting

Making hypotheses Attributing Explanation:


Relating
Comparing and contrasting Generating To achieve the above learning outcome, knowledge on the
ideas composition of the air that we inhale and exhale is needed. The
Making hypotheses mastery of the skill of comparing and contrasting is as important
Predicting as the acquisition of knowledge on humans and animal
Synthesising breathing. This would enable pupils to understand that breathing
process in humans and animals
Experimenting All thinking skills
Example:
Communicating All thinking skills
Level Year 5
Teaching and Learning based on Thinking Skills and
Scientific Skills Learning Outcome: Design a fair test to find out what
cause the size of a shadow to change
This Level II Science curriculum emphasises thoughtful learning by deciding what to keep the same,
based on thinking skills and scientific skills. Mastery of thinking what to change and what to observe.
skills and scientific skills are integrated with the acquisition of
knowledge in the intended learning outcomes. Thus, in teaching Scientific Skills: Experimenting
and learning, teachers need to emphasise the mastery of skills
together with the acquisition of knowledge and the inculcation of
noble values and scientific attitudes.

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Explanation: • Dare to try.
• Thinking rationally.
To achieve the above learning outcome, pupils plan and • Being confident and independent.
conduct investigation to test the hypothesis. This investigation
should include collecting, analysing and interpreting data and The inculcation of scientific attitudes and noble values generally
making conclusion. occurs through the following stages:

• Being aware of the importance and the need for scientific


SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDES AND NOBLE VALUES attitudes and noble values.
• Giving emphasis to these attitudes and values.
• Practising and internalising these scientific attitudes and noble
Science learning experiences can be used as a means to inculcate values.
scientific attitudes and noble values in pupils. These attitudes and
values encompass the following: When planning teaching and learning activities, teachers need to
give due consideration to the above stages to ensure the
• Having an interest and curiosity towards the environment. continuous and effective inculcation of scientific attitudes and
• Being honest and accurate in recording and validating data. values. For example, during science practical work, the teacher
• Being diligent and persevering. should remind pupils and ensure that they carry out experiments in
• Being responsible about the safety of oneself, others, and the a careful, cooperative and honest manner.
environment.
• Realising that science is a means to understand nature. Proper planning is required for effective inculcation of scientific
• Appreciating and practising clean and healthy living. attitudes and noble values during science lessons. Before the first
• Appreciating the balance of nature. lesson related to a learning objective, teachers should examine all
• Being respectful and well-mannered. related learning outcomes and suggested teaching-learning
• Appreciating the contribution of science and technology. activities that provide opportunities for the inculcation of scientific
• Being thankful to God. attitudes and noble values.
• Having critical and analytical thinking.
The following is an example of a learning outcome pertaining to the
• Being flexible and open-minded.
inculcation of scientific attitudes and values.
• Being kind-hearted and caring.
• Being objective. Example:
• Being systematic.
• Being cooperative. Level: Year 4
• Being fair and just.

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Learning Area: Properties of Materials TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES
Learning Objective: Knowing the importance of reuse,
reduce and recycle of materials. Teaching and learning strategies in the science curriculum
emphasise thoughtful learning. Thoughtful learning is a process that
Learning Outcome: Practise reusing, reducing and helps pupils acquire knowledge and master skills that will help them
recycling to conserve materials. develop their minds to the optimum level. Thoughtful learning can
occur through various learning approaches such as inquiry,
constructivism, contextual learning, and mastery learning. Learning
Suggested Learning Pupils carry out activities about activities should therefore be geared towards activating pupils’
Activities reusing, reducing and recycling of critical and creative thinking skills and not be confined to routine or
materials throughout the year. rote learning. Pupils should be made aware of the thinking skills
and thinking strategies that they use in their learning. They should
be challenged with higher order questions and problems and be
Scientific attitudes and Being responsible about the safety required to solve problems utilising their creativity and critical
noble values of oneself, others and the thinking. The teaching and learning process should enable pupils to
environment. acquire knowledge, master skills and develop scientific attitudes
and noble values in an integrated manner.
Having an intrest and curiosity
towards the environment. Inquiry-discovery emphasises learning through experiences.
Inquiry generally means to find information, to question and to
Appreciating the balance of nature. investigate a phenomenon that occurs in the environment.
Discovery is the main characteristic of inquiry. Learning through
Being cooperative. discovery occurs when the main concepts and principles of science
are investigated and discovered by pupils themselves. Through
activities such as experiments, pupils investigate a phenomenon
Inculcating Patriotism and draw conclusions by themselves. Teachers then lead pupils to
understand the science concepts through the results of the inquiry.
The science curriculum provides an opportunity for the development Thinking skills and scientific skills are thus developed further during
and strengthening of patriotism among pupils. For example, in the inquiry process. However, the inquiry approach may not be
learning about the earth’s resources, the richness and variety of suitable for all teaching and learning situations. Sometimes, it may
living things and the development of science and technology in the be more appropriate for teachers to present concepts and principles
country, pupils will appreciate the diversity of natural and human directly to pupils.
resources of the country and deepen their love for the country.

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The use of a variety of teaching and learning methods can facilitator and lead a discussion by asking questions that stimulate
enhance pupils’ interest in science. Science lessons that are not thinking and getting pupils to express themselves.
interesting will not motivate pupils to learn and subsequently will
affect their performances. The choice of teaching methods should Simulation
be based on the curriculum content, pupils’ abilities, pupils’
repertoire of intelligences, and the availability of resources and In simulation, an activity that resembles the actual situation is
infrastructure. Different teaching and learning activities should be carried out. Examples of simulation are role-play, games and the
planned to cater for pupils with different learning styles and use of models. In role-play, pupils play out a particular role based
intelligences. on certain pre-determined conditions. Games require procedures
The following are brief descriptions of some teaching and learning that need to be followed. Pupils play games in order to learn a
methods. particular principle or to understand the process of decision-making.
Models are used to represent objects or actual situations so that
pupils can visualise the said objects or situations and thus
Experiment understand the concepts and principles to be learned.

An experiment is a method commonly used in science lessons. In


experiments, pupils test hypotheses through investigations to Project
discover specific science concepts and principles. Conducting an
experiment involves thinking skills, scientific skills, and manipulative A project is a learning activity that is generally undertaken by an
skills. individual or a group of pupils to achieve a particular learning
objective. A project generally requires several lessons to complete.
In the implementation of this curriculum, besides guiding The outcome of the project either in the form of a report, an artefact
pupils to carry out experiments, where appropriate, teachers should or in other forms needs to be presented to the teacher and other
provide pupils with the opportunities to design their own pupils. Project work promotes the development of problem-solving
experiments. This involves pupils drawing up plans as to how to skills, time management skills, and independent learning.
conduct experiments, how to measure and analyse data, and how
to present the results of their experiment.
Visits and Use of External Resources

Discussion The learning of science is not limited to activities carried out in the
school compound. Learning of science can be enhanced through
A discussion is an activity in which pupils exchange questions and the use of external resources such as zoos, museums, science
opinions based on valid reasons. Discussions can be conducted centres, research institutes, mangrove swamps, and factories.
before, during or after an activity. Teachers should play the role of a Visits to these places make the learning of science more

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interesting, meaningful and effective. To optimise learning achievement of multiple learning outcomes according to needs and
opportunities, visits need to be carefully planned. Pupils may be context. Teachers should avoid employing a teaching strategy that
involved in the planning process and specific educational tasks tries to achieve each learning outcome separately according to the
should be assigned during the visit. No educational visit is complete order stated in the curriculum specifications.
without a post-visit discussion.
The Suggested Learning Activities provide information on the
Use of Technology scope and dimension of learning outcomes. The learning activities
stated under the column Suggested Learning Activities are given
Technology is a powerful tool that has great potential in enhancing with the intention of providing some guidance as to how learning
the learning of science. Through the use of technology such as outcomes can be achieved. A suggested activity may cover one or
television, radio, video, computer, and Internet, the teaching and more learning outcomes. At the same time, more than one activity
learning of science can be made more interesting and effective. may be suggested for a particular learning outcome. Teachers may
Computer simulation and animation are effective tools for the modify the suggested activity to suit the ability and style of learning
teaching and learning of abstract or difficult science concepts. of their pupils. Teachers are encouraged to design other innovative
Computer simulation and animation can be presented through and effective learning activities to enhance the learning of science.
courseware or Web page. Application tools such, as word
processors, graphic presentation software and electronic
spreadsheets are valuable tools for the analysis and presentation of
data.

CONTENT ORGANISATION

The science curriculum is organised around themes. Each theme


consists of various learning areas, each of which consists of a
number of learning objectives. A learning objective has one or more
learning outcomes.

Learning outcomes are written in the form of measurable


behavioural terms. In general, the learning outcomes for a particular
learning objective are organised in order of complexity. However, in
the process of teaching and learning, learning activities should be
planned in a holistic and integrated manner that enables the

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

Suggested Learning
Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities
1. Microorganism
1.1 Understanding that Pupils view video showing Pupils Teacher uses the yeast- ragi
microorganism is a various types of Pupils following recipe to make harmful- berbahaya
living thing microorganism, e.g. bacteria, dough. magnifying glass- kanta
virus, fungi and protozoa. • state types of pembesar
microorganisms. Ingredients: uses- kegunaan
Pupils make a qualitative 1 cup of flour sprinkling – merenjis
comparison between the ½ cup of warm water
size of microorganism and 1 teaspoon of dried yeast
that of human and conclude 1 teaspoon of sugar
that microorganism is very
tiny. Method:
1.Mix all ingredients.
Pupils discuss that yeast is a 2.Cover the mixture with
fungi, an example of a damp cloth.
microorganism. 3.Leave it for 20 minutes.

Pupils observe the effect of • state that yeast is an


yeast on dough and infer example of
that microorganism breathes microorganism.
and causes the dough to
rise. • state that Ensure pupils use
microorganism microscope or magnifying
breathes. glass/hand lens.
Pupils carry out activity and
observe the effect when a
test tube filled with 2
teaspoon of dried yeast, 1
teaspoon of sugar and half • state that
test tube of water. The microorganism
mouth of the test tube is grows.
attached to a balloon.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

Suggested Learning
Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities
Ensure pupils clean their
Pupils carry out activity by hands after handling water
sprinkling a few drops of samples.
water on a slice of bread.
Pupils put the bread in a
plastic bag and observe it for
a few days.

Pupils observe rotten


oranges or mouldy rice using
hand lens or microscope and
record their observation for a
few days.

Pupils observe and record


• state that
their findings by drawing.
microorganism
moves.
Pupils view video on the
movement of
microorganisms in water.

Pupils collect samples of


water from ponds, rivers or
drains and observe the
movement of
microorganisms under a
microscope.

Pupils record their


observation.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

Suggested Learning
Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities

Pupils discuss and state that • conclude that


microorganisms are living microorganisms are
things and most of them living things and most
cannot be seen with naked of them cannot be
eyes. seen with naked
eyes.

1.2 Understanding that Pupils gather information on Pupils Pupils need not know the contagious- berjangkit
some micro- the uses of methods of making quarantine – diasingkan
organisms are microorganisms, e.g. • state examples of bread, tapai, tempe and measles- campak
harmful and some a) making bread, use of fertiliser. chicken pox- cacar
are useful. b) making tapai, microorganisms. stomach upset- sakit perut
c) making tempe, cough- batuk
d) making fertiliser. harm- kesan buruk
dengue – denggi
Pupils gather information on • state the harmful sneezing – bersin
the harmful effects of effects of flu - selsema
microorganisms, e.g. microorganisms. mumps – beguk
a) causing illness, conjunctivitis – sakit mata
b) causing food poisoning,
c) causing food to turn bad,
d) causing tooth decay.

Pupils gather information on • describe that Teacher just need to


diseases caused by diseases caused by mention the common
microorganisms e.g. microorganisms can diseases.
stomach upset, measles, spread from one
cough, flu, chicken pox, person to another.
dengue, conjunctivitis,
mumps and AIDS.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

Suggested Learning
Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities
Pupils discuss that diseases
caused by microorganisms
can spread from one person
to another.

Pupils discuss on how • explain ways to


diseases caused by prevent diseases
microorganisms can be caused by
prevented from spreading, microorganisms.
e.g.
a) by washing hands
before handling food,
b) by boiling water before
drinking,
c) by covering mouth and
nose when coughing or
sneezing,
d) by washing hands after
using the toilet,
e) by putting patients who
have chicken pox,
conjunctivitis or mumps
into quarantine.
f) by covering wounds.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

Suggested Learning
Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities
2. Survival of The Species

2.1 Understanding that Pupils gather information to Pupils Teacher may explain that kemandirian
different animals find examples of animals species means similar adapt- menyesuaikan
have their own ways that take care of their eggs • give examples of types of living things that take care- menjaga
to ensure the and young, e.g. animals that take can breed among protect- melindungi
survival of their a) cow, care of their eggs themselves young – anak
species. b) hen, and young. slimy – berlendir
c) cat, pouch – kantong
d) bird. herd – kumpulan yang besar
disturbed- diganggu
Pupils view video on how • explain how animals plenty – banyak
animals ensure the survival take care of their attack- menyerang
of their eggs and young, e.g. eggs and young. hide – menyembunyikan
a) keep their young in their ensure- memastikan
mouths, e.g fish, feed – memberi makan
b) feed their young, e.g. bird,
c) attack in order to protect
their eggs or young when
they are disturbed, e.g.
snake or tiger,
d) lay slimy eggs, e.g frog,
e) hide their eggs, e.g.
turtle,
f) carry their young in their
pouches, e.g kangaroo,
h) stay in herds e.g.
elephant.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

Suggested Learning
Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities

Pupils discuss and conclude • explain why


that animals take care of animals take care
their eggs and young to of their eggs and
ensure the survival of their young.
species.

2.2 Understanding that Pupils study live specimens, Pupils various – pelbagai
different plants have view video or computer waxy – berlilin
their own ways to simulation to find out the on • state various ways husk – sabut
ensure the survival how plants ensure the plants disperse their shell – tempurung
of their species survival of species, e.g. seeds and fruits. disperse – pencaran
a) by water, edible – boleh dimakan
b) by wind, flame of the forest –
c) by animal, semarak api
d) by explosive mechanism. chestnut – buah berangan
balsam – keembung
Pupils discuss and conclude • explain why plants ocra – kacang bendi
that plants need to disperse need to disperse love grass-
their seeds or fruits to seeds or fruits. kemuncup
ensure the survival of their
species.

Pupils gather information to • give examples of Examples of plants that


give examples of plants that plant that disperse disperse seeds and fruits
disperse seeds and fruits by: seeds and fruits by by:
a) water, water. a) water, e.g. coconut
b) wind, and pong-pong,
c) animal, • give examples of b) wind, e.g. lallang and
d) explosive mechanism. plant that disperse angsana,
seeds and fruits by c) animals, e.g.
wind. watermelon, love grass

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities
and rambutan
Pupils study live specimens • give examples of d) explosive mechanism,
or view video and discuss plant that disperse e.g. balsam, rubber,
the relationship between seeds and fruits by flame of the forest,
characteristics of seeds and animals. chestnut and ocra.
fruits and their ways of
dispersal : • give examples of
plant that disperse
a) by water – light and seeds by explosive
have air space mechanism.
b) by wind – light, have
wing-like structure, dry, • relate characteristics
have fine hairs and of seeds and fruits to
small the ways they are
c) by animals – fleshy, dispersed.
brightly coloured, edible,
have smells or have
hooks.
d) explosive mechanism –
dry when ripe.

2.3 Realising the Pupils discuss and predict Pupils extinction –


importance of the consequences if certain kepupusan
survival of the species of animals and • predict what will shortage –
species plants become extinct, e.g. happen if some kekurangan
a) shortage of food species of animals or
resources, plants do not survive.
b) other species may also
face extinction.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities
3. Food Chain and Food Web

3.1 Understanding food Pupils carry out a Pupils Food chains must begin food chain-rantai makanan
chains brainstorming session on with plants as producers. producer-pengeluar
animals and the food they • identify animals and consumer-pengguna
eat. the food they eat.

Pupils discuss and classify • classify animals into


animals into the following herbivore, carnivore
groups according to the and omnivore.
food they eat:
a) herbivore
b) carnivore
c) omnivore

Pupils build food chains to • construct food chain.


show the food relationship
among organisms.

From the food chains pupils • identify producer.


identify the producers and
the consumers. • identify consumer.

3.2 Synthesizing food Pupils construct a food web Pupils


chains to construct based on food chains given. • construct a food web
food web.
Pupils walk around the
school compound to study
food webs in places such as • construct food webs
field, science garden, pond of different habitats.
or under flower pot.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities

Based on the organisms


identified, pupils construct
food chains and then food
webs for the habitats they
have studied.

Pupils discuss and predict • predict what will


what will happen if there is a
happen if there is a
change in the population of a change in population
certain species in a food of a certain species
web. in a food web.
Pupils carry out simulation or
play games based on food
webs.

Pupils view video to study • explain what will


various species that are happen to certain
facing extinction because species of animals if
they only eat one type of they eat only one
food. type of food.

Pupils conclude that certain


species of animals that eats
one type of food only has
difficulty to survive because
their only source of food may
run out, e.g.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Learning Objectives Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary
Activities

a) panda eats bamboo


shoots only,
b) koala bear eats
eucalyptus leaves only,
c) pangolin eats ants only.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Activities
1. Energy
1.1 Understanding the Pupils discuss and Pupils sources- sumber
uses of energy conclude that energy is energy- tenaga
needed: • explain why energy bounce-melantun
a) by living things to carry is needed. fuel-bahan api
out life processes such boil-mendidih
as moving, breathing
and growing,
b) to move, boil, melt or
bounce non-living
things.

Pupils gather information • give examples


and give examples where where and when
and when energy is used. energy is used.

Pupils gather information • state various


about sources of energy, sources of energy.
e.g.
a) sun,
b) food,
c) wind,
d) fuel,
e) dry cell/ battery.

Pupils discuss that the sun


is the main source of
energy.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
1.2 Understanding that Pupils observe various Pupils transform-berubah
energy can be events and identify the principle-prinsip
transformed from form of energy involved, • state the various whistle- wisel
one form to another e.g. forms of energy. appliances - peralatan
a) a moving battery-
operated toy car,
b) a stretched rubber band,
c) a burning candle,
d) a ringing telephone.

Pupils carry out activities to • state that energy


discuss the transformation can be
of energy e.g. transformed.
a) switching on the lights:
electrical energy light
energy,
b) lighting a candle:
chemical energy heat
energy + light energy,
c) using a solar powered
calculator :
solar energy electrical
energy light energy.

Pupils discuss that energy


can be transformed.

Pupils gather information • give examples of


and identify appliances that appliances that
make use of energy make use of
transformation and state the energy
form of energy involved, transformation.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
e.g.
a) electric iron : electrical
energy heat energy
b) radio: electrical energy
sound energy
c) ceiling fan: electical
energy kinetic energy +
sound energy,
d) gas stove: chemical
energy heat energy +
light energy.

1.3 Understanding Pupils discuss that Pupils Provide real objects or renewable energy-tenaga
renewable and non- renewable energy is the substances such as crude diperbaharui
renewable energy energy that can be • state what renewable oil, charcoal, coal, etc for non-renewable energy-
replenished when used up energy is. pupils to observe and tenaga yang tidak dapat
and non-renewable energy • state what non- discuss. diperbaharui
is the energy that cannot renewable energy is. replenished –
be replenished when used digantikan
up. used up- habis digunakan
coal- arang batu
charcoal- arang kayu
Pupils gather information • list renewable energy wisely-secara bijaksana
on the following: resources. biomass-biojisim
a) renewable energy
resources. e.g.
solar, wind and biomass,
b) non-renewable energy • list non-renewable
resources. e.g. energy resources.
natural gas, petroleum
and coal.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Activities
Pupils discuss and conclude • explain why we need
why we need to use energy to use energy wisely.
wisely e.g.
a) some energy resources
cannot be replenished
when used up,
b) to save cost,
c) to avoid wastage,
d) to reduce pollution.

Pupils discuss why • explain why renewable


renewable energy is better energy is better than
than non-renewable energy. non-renewable energy.

Pupils carry out • give examples on how


brainstorming session on to save energy.
how to save energy in
everyday life.

Pupils draw a list of do’s and • practise saving


don’ts on how to save energy.
energy and use it as a guide
to carry out daily activities.

2. Electricity

2.1 Knowing the sources Pupils carry out activity Pupils Provide real objects or dry cell- sel kering
of electricity such as lighting up a bulb substances such as dry hydroelectric power – kuasa
or ringing an electric bell to • state the sources cell, accumulator, hidro elektrik
verify that the following of electricity. rechargeable battery,
sources produce electricity solar cell etc for pupils to
observe and discuss.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
e.g.
a) dry cell/ battery,
b) accumulator,
c) dynamo,
d) solar cell.

2.2 Understanding a Pupils build as many Pupils series circuit-litar bersiri


series circuit and a different electric circuits as parellel circuit – litar selari
parallel circuit they can. • identify the brightness- kecerahan
symbols of various arrangement-susunan
Pupils are introduced the components in a
symbols of the components simple electric
in an electric circuit, i.e circuit.
battery, bulb, connecting
wires and switch.

Pupils draw circuit diagrams • draw circuit


based on the circuits that diagrams.
they have built.

Pupils observe various • identify the When comparing the


series circuits and parallel difference in the brightness of the bulbs in
circuits. arrangement of series or parallel circuits
bulbs in series and the number of batteries
Based on observation, parallel circuits. and bulbs must be the
pupils discuss the same.
differences in the
arrangement of bulbs in
series and parallel circuits.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities

Pupils draw circuit diagrams


of series and parallel
circuits and compare the
arrangement of the bulbs in
these circuits.

Pupils are given batteries, • build a series


bulbs, switches and circuit.
connecting wires to build
series and parallel circuits. • build a parallel
circuit.

Pupils observe and compare • compare the


the brightness of the bulbs brightness of the
in: bulbs in a series
a) series circuits, and a parallel
b) parallel circuits, circuit.
c) between series and
parallel circuits.
• compare the effect
Pupils carry out activities on the bulbs when
and compare what happen various switches in
to the bulbs in a series a series circuit and
circuit and a parallel circuit a parallel circuit
when various switches in are off.
each circuit are off.
2.3 Understanding the Pupils discuss the danger Pupils Teacher can also discuss electric shock- kejutan
safety precautions to of mishandling electrical other general safety elektrik
be taken when appliances, e.g. • describe the precautions, e.g. appliances-
handling electrical a) electric shock, danger of a) do not insert objects peralatan
appliances b) fire, mishandling into power supply,

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
c) burn, electrical b) do not touch a switch
d) electrocution. appliances. with wet hands,
c) do not touch victims of
Pupils discuss the safety • explain the safety electric shock.
precautions to be taken precautions to be
when using electrical taken when using
appliances, e.g. electrical
appliances.
a) do not touch electrical
appliances with wet
hands,
b) do not use electrical
appliances that are
faulty or having broken
insulation wires,
c) do not repair electrical
appliances on your
own,
d) do not connect too
many electrical
appliances to one
power supply.

3. Light
3.1 Understanding that Pupils carry out activities to Pupils beam- alur cahaya
light travels in a observe that light travels in travel- bergerak
straight line a straight line. • state that light opaque – legap
travels in a straight
Pupils gather information line.
and give examples of events
or phenomena that show • give examples to
light travels in straight line. verify that light

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
travels in a straight
line.

Pupils observe and discuss • describe how


the formations of shadow to shadow is formed.
conclude that shadow is
formed when light is blocked
by an opaque or a
translucent object.
• design a fair test to
Pupils carry out activities to find out what cause
investigate the factors that the size of a
cause the shape and size of shadow to change
a shadow to change. by deciding what to
keep the same,
Pupils observe, discuss and what to change
conclude that: and what to
a) when the distance observe.
between an object and
its light source
decreases, the size of
the shadow increases
and
when the distance
between an object and
the screen decreases the
size of the shadow
decreases.

b) the shape of the • design a fair test to


shadow changes find out what
according to the factors cause the

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
position of light source. shape of a shadow
and to change by
the shape of the deciding what to
shadow changes keep the same,
according to the what to change
position of an object. and what to
observe.

3.2 Understanding that Pupils carry out activities to Pupils reflection- pembalikan
light can be reflected investigate reflection of light
using: • state that light can sharp bend- selekoh tajam
a) a mirror, be reflected. ray diagram- gambarajah
b) an aluminium foil.
sinar
• draw ray diagrams
Pupils draw ray diagrams to to show reflection
show the reflection of light in of light.
the above activities.

Pupils gather information • give examples of


about the uses of reflection uses of reflection
of light in everyday life, e.g. of light in everyday
a) side mirror of a car, life.
b) mirror at the sharp bend
of a road,
c) mirror in the barbershop,
d) periscope.

Pupils apply the principle of


light reflection to design
devices, e.g.
a) periscope
b) kaleidoscope.

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
4. Heat
4.1 Understanding that Pupils heat 250ml of water Pupils
temperature is an for 3 minutes and feel the
indicator of degree water every few seconds • state that when a
of hotness while heating to feel the substance gains
change of temperature. heat it will become
warmer.
Pupils let the warm water
cool down and feel the • state that when a
water every few seconds. substance loses
heat it will become
Based on the above cooler.
activities, pupils discuss and
conclude that:

a) heat gain causes the


water to become warmer
b) heat loss causes the
water to become cooler.

Pupils are guided to use and • measure


read thermometer correctly. temperature using
the correct
Pupils gather information on technique.
the metric unit for measuring
temperature. • state the metric
unit for
Pupils carry out activity to temperature.
measure temperature, e.g.
a) heat up water and
record the temperature
every few minutes,

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
b) turn off the Bunsen
burner and record the • state that
temperature every few temperature of an
minutes while the water object or material
cools off. increases as it
gains heat.

Pupils discuss and conclude • state that


that the temperature: temperature of an
a) increases when heat is object or material
gained, decreases as it
b) decreases when heat is loses heat.
lost.

Pupils discuss and conclude • conclude that the


that the temperature is an temperature is an
indicator to measure indicator to
hotness. measure hotness.

4.2 Understanding the Pupils carry out activites to Pupils dent –kemek
effects of heat on observe the effects of heat expand-mengembang
matter. on matter, e.g. • state that matter contract-mengecut
expands when snap - putus
a) heating an iron ball and heated.
inserting it into an iron
ring, • state that matter
b) cooling the heated iron contracts when
ball and inserting it into cooled.
the iron ring,
c) heating some coloured
water in a beaker with a
glass tube dipped into it

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities
and observing the water
level in the glass tube,
d) putting a dented ping
pong ball in hot water,
e) cooling some coloured
water in a beaker with a
glass tube dipped into it
and observing the water
level in the glass tube.

Pupils discuss their


observations of the activities
and conclude that:

a) matter expands when


heated,
b) matter contracts when
cooled.

Pupils view video or • give examples of


computer simulation on the the application of
expansion and contraction the principle of
of matter in everyday life, expansion and
e.g. contraction in
everyday life.
a) an electric cable is
installed loosely to
prevent it from snapping
when it contracts in cold
weather,

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Investigating Force and Energy Science-Year 5

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Activities

b) there are gaps at railway


tracks to allow for
expansion in hot weather,
c) a tight bottle cap can be
loosened by immersing it
in hot water,
d) concrete slabs on
pavements have gaps to
allow for expansion.

35
Investigating Materials Science-Year 5

Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Activities
1. States of Matter
1.1 Understanding that Pupils classify objects and Pupils Suggested objects and solid – pepejal
matter exist in the materials into solid, liquid materials for pupils to liquid – cecair
form of solid, liquid and gas. Pupils discuss and • classify objects classify are: gas – gas
or gas. give reasons for their and materials into Inflated balloon,deflated water vapour – wap air
classification. three states of balloon, stone, cooking evaporation – penyejatan
matter. oil, milk, water, paper, condensation – kondensasi
Pupils study the properties of paper clip, ruler, glue and water cycle – kitar air
solid by: bicycle pump. interchangeable – boleh
a) weighing various kinds of • state the saling bertukar
solids, properties of solid. syringe - picagari
b) measuring the volumes of
various kinds of solids,
c) putting various types of
solids into containers of
various shapes.

Pupils discuss and conclude


the properties of solids, i.e. a
solid:
a) has mass,
b) has fixed volume,
c) has fixed shape.

Pupils study the properties of • state the


liquids by: properties of
a) weighing various kind of liquid.
liquids,
b) measuring the volumes of
liquids,
c) pouring liquid into
containers of various

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Investigating Materials Science-Year 5

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Activities
shapes.

Pupils discuss and conclude


the properties of liquids, i.e.
a liquid:
a) has mass,
b) has fixed volume,
c) has no permanent shape
but takes the shape of its Examples of liquids:
container. a) water
b) milk
Pupils observe the flow of • state that some c) condensed milk
different liquids as they are liquids flow faster d) cooking oil
poured into containers. than others. e) tomato sauce
f) cordial
Pupils discuss to conclude g) shampoo
that some liquids flow faster h) glue
than others.

Pupils study the properties of • state the


gas by: properties of gas.
a) balancing two inflated
balloons on a stick and
puncturing one of the
balloons,
b) inflating balloons of
different shapes,
c) observing smoke in a
closed container then
placing an inverted
container on it. Removing
the cover of the first

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Investigating Materials Science-Year 5

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Activities
container and observe
how smoke moves from a
container to another
inverted container placed
directly over it,
d) feeling the pressure of
gas in a syringe when its
plunges is pushed down
with nozzle closed.

Pupils discuss and conclude


the properties of gas, i.e. gas
a) has mass,
b) has no fixed shape but
takes the shape of its
container,
c) occupies space and has
no fixed volume,
d) can be compressed.

1.2 Understanding that Pupils carry out the following Pupils Additional observation: evaporation-penyejatan
matter can change activities to observe the a) melting butter, condensation-kondensasi
from one state to change of the state of • state that water b) melting ice cream. freezing-pembekuan
another matter: can change its melting –
a) allowing ice to melt, state. peleburan
b) heating water until it
boils,
c) collecting water vapour,
allowing it to cool and
making it freeze.

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Investigating Materials Science-Year 5

Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Activities
Pupils discuss and conclude • conclude that
that: water can exist in
a) water can change from any of the three
one state to another, states of matter.
b) water can exist as solid,
liquid and gas.

Pupils discuss the process • identify the Evaporation occurs at the


involved when a matter processes surface of a liquid at any
changes from one state to involved when a temperature.
another, i.e. matter changes
from one state to
a) melting, another.
b) boiling,
c) evaporation,
d) condensation,
e) freezing.

Pupils investigate and • identify factors that


discuss the factors that affect the rate of
affect how fast water evaporation of
evaporates e.g. water.
a) hot weather
b) windy

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Investigating Materials Science-Year 5

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Activities
1.3 Understanding the Pupils view computer Pupils cloud – awan
water cycle simulation to study the water cycle –
formation of clouds and rain. • describe how kitaran air
clouds are formed.
Pupils discuss and explain • describe how rain
the changes in the state of is formed.
matter in the water cycle.

Pupils view computer • explain how water


simulation on how water is is circulated in the
circulated in the environment.
environment.
• explain the
Pupils discuss the importance of
importance of water cycle. water cycle.

1.4 Appreciating the Pupils view video about: Pupils


importance of a) the importance of water
water resources for living things, • give reasons why
b) the effects of human we need to keep
activities on quality of our water
water supply. resources clean.

Pupils gather information on


how to keep our water • describe ways to
resources clean and present keep our water
it in the form of folio. resources clean.

Pupils draw posters to show


appreciation that water is an
important resource.

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Investigating Materials Science-Year 5

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Activities
2. Acid and Alkali
2.1 Understanding the Pupils test substances to Pupils Pupils should taste the litmus paper – kertas litmus
properties of acidic, determine whether they are food samples provided sour – masam
alkaline and neutral acidic, alkaline or neutral • identify acidic, only and not any other bitter – pahit
substances. substances based on the alkaline and substances. neutral – neutral
change of wet litmus papers neutral acidic – keasidan
colour. substances using alkaline-kealkalian
litmus paper property-sifat

Pupils determine whether • identify the taste


food samples are acidic or of acidic and
alkaline by tasting the food alkaline food.
samples and testing with
litmus paper.

Pupils carry out discussion • conclude the


and conclude the properties properties of
of acidic, alkaline and neutral acidic alkaline and
substances in terms of taste neutral
and colour changes of litmus substances.
paper.

41
Investigating The Earth and The Universe Science-Year 5

Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Activities
1. Constellation
1.1 Understanding the Pupils view video or Pupils Big Dipper and Southern constellation - buruj
constellation computer simulation or visit Cross can be seen Orion - Belantik
planetarium to observe • state what between April – June Scorpion - Skorpio
various constellations. constellation is. around 8.00pm to Big Dipper - Biduk
10.00pm. Southern Cross –Pari
Pupils discuss that pattern – corak
constellation is a group of Orion can be seen direction – arah
stars that form a certain between December – season - musim
pattern in the sky. February around 8.00pm
to 10.00pm.
Pupils observe the Orion, • identify
Scorpion, Big Dipper and constellations. Scorpion can be seen
Southern Cross in the sky. between June to August
around 8.00pm to
Pupils build a model to 10.00pm.
study the pattern of Orion,
Scorpion, Big Dipper and
Southern Cross.

Pupils gather information on • state the importance


the importance of of constellations.
constellations, e.g.
a) to show directions,
b) to indicate the time to
carry out certain activities,
e.g planting season.

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Investigating The Earth and The Universe Science-Year 5

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Activities
2. The Earth, The Moon and The Sun
2.1 Understanding the Pupils view video, computer Pupils The Earth rotates on its rotate – berputar
movements of the simulation or model about axis from west to east sundial – jam matahari
Earth, the Moon and the movement of the Earth, • state that the Earth and completes one axis - paksi
the Sun the Moon and the Sun. rotates on its axis. rotation every 24 hours. west – barat
east – timur
Pupils discuss and explain • state that the Earth movement – pergerakan
the rotation of the Earth and rotates and at the position – kedudukan
the Moon and their same time moves throughout – sepanjang
movements around the Sun. round the Sun. shadow – bayang-bayang

• state that the Moon


rotates on its axis.

• state that the Moon


rotates and at the
same time moves
round the Earth.

• state that the Moon


and the Earth move
round the Sun at the
same time.

• describe the changes


Pupils observe and record in length and position
the length and position of the of the shadow
shadow of a pole at different throughout the day.
time of the day (pole as the
object and the Sun as the
source of light).

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Investigating The Earth and The Universe Science-Year 5

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Activities
Pupils fix a toothpick
vertically on the surface of a
globe. Pupils observe the
length and position of the
shadow formed when the
globe is rotated at its axis
over a fixed light source.

Pupils build a sundial.

Pupils discuss and conclude • conclude that the


that the Earth rotates on its Earth rotates on its
axis from west to east. axis from west to
east.

2.2 Understanding the Pupils view video or Pupils illuminating – menyuluh


occurrence of day computer simulation on how facing – menghadap
and night. days and nights are formed • state that it is day rotating globe – glob yang
or carry out a simulation by time for the part of the berputar
illuminating a rotating globe Earth facing the Sun. day – siang
to observe the occurrence of night– malam
day and night. • state it is night time occurrence-
for the part of the kejadian
Based on the above activity, Earth facing away
pupils discuss how day and from the Sun.
night occur.

Pupils draw diagrams to • explain that day and


show the occurrence of day night occur due to the
and night. rotation of the earth
on its axis.

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Investigating The Earth and The Universe Science-Year 5

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Activities
2.3 Understanding the Pupils view video or Pupils new moon – anak bulan
phases of the Moon computer simulation and crescent - bulan sabit
discuss that the Moon does • state that the Moon half moon -bulan separa
not emit light but reflects the does not emit light. full moon – bulan purnama
sunlight. • explain that the Moon reflect - memantulkan
appears bright when phase - fasa
it reflects sunlight. lunar calendar – Takwim
Pupils view video on the • describe the phases Qamari
phases of the Moon. of the Moon. emit - memancarkan

Pupils use a ping-pong ball


and light source to simulate
the following phases of the
moon:
a) new moon,
b) crescent,
c) half moon,
d) full moon.

Pupils carry out a project to


observe and record the
phases of the Moon for a
month and relate them to the
dates of the lunar calendar.

45
Investigating Technology Science-Year 5

Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Activities
1. Strength and Stability
1.1 Knowing the shapes Pupils carry out activity to Pupils shape – bentuk
of objects in recognise the shapes of • state the shapes of cube - kubus
structures. objects, i.e. objects. cuboid - kuboid
a) cube, sphere - sfera
b) cuboid, cone - kon
c) sphere, cylinder - silinder
d) cone, pyramid - piramid
e) cylinder, hemisphere - hemisfera
f) pyramid, structure - struktur
g) hemisphere.

Pupils walk around the • identify shapes in


school compound and structure.
identify shapes mentioned
above.

1.2 Understanding the Pupils carry out activities to Pupils strength – kekuatan /
strength and stability identify the shapes of objects kekukuhan.
of a structure. that are stable. • identify shapes of stability – kestabilan
objects that are base area – luas tapak
Pupils carry out activities to stable. affect - mempengaruhi
investigate factors that affect stand at ease – senang diri
the stability of a structure, • identify the factors stand at attention -
e.g. that affect stability of bersedia
a) pushing a bottle standing objects.
upright and a bottle
standing upside down,
b) pushing a high chair and a
low chair,

46
Investigating Technology Science-Year 5

Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Activities
Pupils discuss and conclude
that the stability of an object
is affected by:
a) base area,
b) height.

Pupils carry out activity to • explain how base


investigate how base area area affects stability.
affects the stability of an
object, i.e. the bigger the
base area, the more stable
the object is.

Pupils carry out activity to • explain how height


investigate how height affects stability.
affects the stability of an
object, i.e. the higher the
object, the less stable the
object is.

Pupils carry out activities to • identify the factors


study the factors that affect that affect the
the strength of a structure, strength of a
e.g. structure.
a) suspend a weight on a
straw and then on a
pencil,
b) make two bridges, one
using a piece of flat
paper and the other
using a folded paper.
Then put objects of the

47
Investigating Technology Science-Year 5

Learning Objectives Suggested Learning Learning Outcomes Notes Vocabulary


Activities
same mass on each
bridge.

Pupils discuss and conclude


that the strength of a
structure is affected by:
a) types of materials used,
b) how the structure is
placed. Suggestion:
use recycled materials.
Pupils design the strongest • design a model that
and most stable structure is strong and stable.
using materials of their
choice.

48
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Advisors MAHZAN BAKAR SMP, AMP DIRECTOR


CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
ZULKIFLY MOHD. WAZIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
(JULY 2005 UNTIL AUGUST 2006)
MAZNAH ABDUL HAMID DEPUTY DIRECTOR
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
Editorial Advisors CHEAH ENG JOO PRINCIPAL ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
(SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS SECTION)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
YEAP CHIN HENG (PH.D) ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
(HEAD OF CORE SCIENCE UNIT)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
(UNTIL JULY 2005)
HO HENG LING ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
(HEAD OF CORE SCIENCE UNIT)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
ZAIDI YAZID ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
(HEAD OF ELECTIVE SCIENCE UNIT)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
(UNTIL DEC. 2005)
ZAIDAH MOHD. YUSOFF ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
(HEAD OF ELECTIVE SCIENCE UNIT)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
Editor ZAINON ABD MAJID ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE

49
PANEL OF WRITERS

CHEAH ENG JOO CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE LIM YOON KHIM SJKC KWANG HWA,
P. PINANG
HO HENG LING CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE LINDA CHENG LEAN BEE SK HUTCHINGS, P. PINANG
ZAIDI YAZID CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE LIM SIEW PENG SK(P) METHODIST, MELAKA
YEAP CHIN HENG (PH.D) CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE MAKRIN SUDI SK SAMPIR, SABAH
ZAINON ABD MAJID CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE MARZITA OMAR SK PERMATANG BERTAM,
P.P
AIZATUL ADZWA M. CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE MUNISAMY A/L SENGODAN SJKT LADANG HENRIETTA,
BASRI KEDAH
AHMAD SALIHIN MAT CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE MISIAH SANUSI SK MERBAU SEMPAK,
SAAT SELANGOR
LANITA MOHD YUSOF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE MAHENDRAN A/L SK(L) METHODIST, K.L
SUBRAMANIAM
SALBIAH MOHD SOM CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE MOHD FAUZI HASHIM SK PAYA, PERLIS
SALINA HANUM OSMAN CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE MOHD NASHUHA JAMIDIN MP SULTAN ABD HALIM,
(PH.D) KEDAH
YUSOF ISMAIL CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE NORMAH ABD WAHAB SK AIR TERJUN,
TERENGGANU
ZAIDAH MOHD YUSOF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE NORDIN AMBAK SK RASAU KERTEH,
TERENGGANU
ZAINUSHAM YUSOF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE NOOR IEMAH ISMAIL SK SG BEHRANG, PERAK
ZULKIFLI BAHARUDIN CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTRE NOR LAILI HJ. SHOED SK PORT DICKSON,
N.SEMBILAN
ABD WAHAB ABD AZIZ SK BUKIT LINTANG, MELAKA NORMAH BAHAROM SK SULTANAH ASMA, KEDAH
ARIFFIN JAAFAR SK KEMAHANG 2, KELANTAN OOI CHONG NAM SJKC YANG KOA,
ABDULLAH IBRAHIM sk WAKAF BHARU, KELANTAN ROHANI AHMAD SK METHODIST, PERAK
AHMAD HASAN sk KUALA PERLIS, PERLIS ROSANANI GHAZALI SK SERI BIRAM, PAHANG
ABU JALIL HASAN ipda JITRA, KEDAH RAIS ABD AZIZ SK BATU LANCHANG,
P.PINANG
AZIZAH NGAH TASIR MP TEKNIK, KUALA LUMPUR ROHAYA AHMAD SK SG. RAMBAI,
ETTIN AK LAMBAT sk ST. FAITH, SARAWAK ROHANA HUSSEIN SK JLN. 2, BANGI,
SELANGOR

50
FUAD HASHIM sk P SULTAN IBRAHIM, JOHOR ROSNAH JOHARI MP BATU RAKIT ,
TERENGGANU
FARIDAH SALLEH sk JIJAN,NEGERI SEMBILAN SITI NORFARIDAH CHAI SK AGAMA MIRI, SARAWAK
ABDULLAH
FATIMAH YUSOFF mpp MELAYU, MELAKA SHAMSURIA EBNI SK ST ANNES, WP LABUAN
FADZILLAH AB RAHMAN SK SERI BUDIMAN II, TERENGGANU SURIAKUMARI A/LP SJKT PAYA RUMPUT,
PALANIYANDI MELAKA
HASANOR SAID MOHD SK TAMAN MELATI, KL SAAT ARIFFIN SK PULAU KUNDUR,
SABRI KELANTAN
IBRAHIM ABDULLAH Sk PENGHULU AHMAD, KEDAH SITI FAUZIAH RIDZUAN SK BATU HAMPAR, KEDAH
INDON SULONG sk MERGONG II, KEDAH TEH MALIHAH HUSSAIN SK SIMPANG EMPAT, PERAK
JAGAJOTHY A/P sk CONVENT GREEN LANE, VENANCY ANGELA SUIMEN SRK ST. ALOYSIUS
SELVARASAH LIMBANAK, SABAH
JAFFRI JOHAN ZANUDIN sk BATU HAMPAR, KEDAH WONG POH TECK SK SEMABOK, MELAKA
KU NORGAYAH KU SK TASIK APONG, KEDAH ZAINUDDIN ABDULLAH SK BATANG MELAKA,
SULONG MELAKA

51
Curriculum Development Centre
Ministry of Education
2006