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1.

WAVES

Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date

1.1 A student is able to :
Understanding Waves
 describe what is meant by wave motion.
 recognize that waves transfer energy without
transferring matter.
 compare transverse and longitudinal waves and
give examples of each.
 state what is meant by wavefront.
 state the direction of propagation of waves in
relation to wavefronts.

 Define
i. amplitude
ii. period
iii. frequency
iv. wavelength
v. wave speed 5/1 – 9/1

 sketch and interpret a displacement-time graph for

a wave.
 sketch and interpret a displacement-distance graph
for a wave.
 clarify the relationship between speed,
v = f can be derived from v = s/t
wavelength
and frequency.
 solve problems involving speed, wavelength and
frequency.
 describe damping in a oscillating system.
 describe resonance in a oscillating system.
Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date
1.2 A student is able to :
Analysing reflection of waves
 describe reflection of waves in terms of the angle Reflection of circular water 12/1 – 13/1
of incidence, angle of reflection, wavelength, waves and the use of curved
frequency, speed and direction of propagation. reflectors are not required.
 Draw a diagram to show reflection of waves.

1.3 A student is able to :

Analysing refraction of waves
 describe refraction of waves in terms of the angle Include refraction of water waves 14/1 – 16/1
of incidence, angle of refraction, wavelength, over straight, concave and convex
frequency, speed and direction of propagation. transparent blocks.
 Draw a diagram to show refraction of waves.

1.4 A student is able to :

Analysing diffraction of waves
 describe diffraction of waves in terms of Discuss the effect of size of gap 19/1 – 20/1
wavelength, frequency, speed, direction of on the degree of diffraction.
propagation and shape of waves.
 Draw a diagram to show diffraction of waves.

1.5 A student is able to :

Analysing interference of waves
 state the principle of superposition. Young’s double slit experiment
 explain the interference of waves. may be used to show interference 21/1 – 23/1
 draw interference patterns. of light.
 interpret interference patterns. 26/1 – 30/1
 solve problems involving  = ax/D  - wavelength (Cuti Tahun
x – the distance between two Baru Cina)
consecutive nodes
a – the distance between the two
wave sources
D – the perpendicular distance
from the source to the position
where x is measured.
Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date
1.6 A student is able to :
Analysing sound waves
 describe sound waves. 2/2 –6/2
 explain how the loudness relates to amplitude.
 explain how the pitch relates to frequency.
 describe applications of reflection of sound
waves.
 calculate distances using the reflection of sound
waves.
1.7 A student is able to :
Analysing electromagnetic waves
 describe the electromagnetic spectrum. Emphasise that the 9/2 – 13/2
 state that visible light is a part of the electromagnetic spectrum is
electromagnetic spectrum. continuous.
 list sources of electromagnetic waves.
 describe the properties of electromagnetic waves.
 describe application of electromagnetic waves.
 describe the detrimental effects of excessive
exposure to certain components of the
electromagnetic spectrum.
2. ELECTRICITY

Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date

2.1
Analysing electric fields and A student is able to : Recall the activity carried out 16/2 – 20/2
charge flow by using a Van de Garff
 sate the relationship between electron flow and generator to show the
electric current. relationship between electric
 define electric current. charge and current flow.
 describe an electric field.
 sketch electric field lines showing the direction of I – current
the field. Q charge
 describe the effect of an electric field on a charge. t - time
 solve problems involving electric charge and
current.

2.2 A student is able to :

Analysing the relationship between Potential difference and voltage
electric current and potential  define potential difference. may be used interchangeably 23/2 – 27/2
different  plan and conduct an experiment to fine the here.
relationship between current and potential
difference.
 describe the relationship between current and
potential difference.
 state Ohm’s law.
 define resistance.
 explain factors that affect resistance.
 solve problems involving potential difference,
current and resistance.
 describe superconductors.
Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date
2.3 A student is able to :
Analysing series and parallel
circuits  identify series and parallel circuit. 2/3 – 13/3
 compare the current and potential difference of (ujian 1)
series circuit and parallel circuit.
 determine the effective resistance of resistors 16/3 – 22/3
connected in series. (Cuti
 determine the effective resistance of resistor in Pertengahan
parallel. Penggal)
 solve problems involving current, potential
difference and resistance in series circuits, parallel
circuit and their combinations.

2.4 A student is able to :

Analysing electromotive force and Clarify that e.m.f. is not a force 23/3 – 29/3
internal resistance  define electromotive force (e.m.f). but energy per unit charge.
 compare e.m.f and potential difference.
 explain internal resistance.
 determine e.m.f and internal resistance.
 solve problems involving e.m.f. and internal
resistance.

2.5 A student is able to :

Analysing electrical energy and
power  define electrical energy. 30/3 – 3/4
 define electric power.
 solve problems involving electrical energy and
power.
 compare power rating and energy consumption of
various electrical appliances.
 describe ways of increasing energy efficiency.
3. ELECTROMAGNETISM

Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date

3.1 A student is able to :
Analysing the magnetic effect of a
current-carrying conductor  state what an electromagnet is. The right hand grip rule may be 6/4 – 10/4
 Draw the magnetic field pattern due to a current introduced.
in a :
i. straight wire,
ii. coil,
iii. solenoid.
 plan and conduct experiments to study factors that
affect the strength of the magnetic field of an
electromagnet.
 describe applications of electromagnets.

3.2 A student is able to :

Understanding the force on a
current-carrying conductor in a  describe what happens to a current-carrying Fleming’s left-hand rule may be 13/4 – 17/4
magnetic field conductor in a magnetic field. introduced.
 draw the pattern of the combined magnetic field
due to a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic The working principle of a
field. moving-coil ammeter may also
 describe how a current-carrying conductor in a be discussed.
magnetic field experiences a force.
 explain the factors that affect the magnitude of the Comparisons to an alternating
force on a current-carrying conductor in a current motor may also be
magnetic field. discussed.
 describe how a current-carrying coil in a magnetic
field experiences a turning force.
 describe how a direct current motor works.
 state factors that affect the speed of rotation of an
electric motor.
Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date
3.3 A student is able to :
Analysing electromagnetic
induction  describe electromagnetic induction. Faraday’s law and Lenz’s law 20/4 – 1/5
 indicate the direction of the induced current in a : may be introduced.
i. straight wire,
ii. solenoid. Fleming’s right-hand rule may
 explain factors that affect the magnitude of the be introduced.
induced current.
 describe applications of electromagnetic
induction.
 compare direct current and alternating current.

3.4 A student is able to :

Analysing transformers
 describe the structure and the operating principle 4/5 – 8/5
of a simple transformer.
 compare and contrast a set-up transformer and a
step-down transformer.
 state that Vp/Vs = Np/Ns for an ideal transformer.
 state that VpIp =VsIs for an ideal transformer.
 describe the energy losses in a transformer.
 describe ways to improve the efficiency of a
transformer.

3.5 A student is able to :

Understanding the generation and
transmission of electricity  list sources of energy used to generate electricity. 11/5 – 15/5
 describe the various ways of generating
electricity. 18/5 -29/5
 describe the transmission of electricity. (Pep)
 describe the energy loss in electricity transmission
cables and deduce the advantage of high voltage 1/6 – 14/6
transmission. (Cuti
 state the importance of the National Grid Pertengahan
Network. Tahun)
Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date
 explain the importance of renewable energy.
 explain the effects on the environment caused by
the use of various sources to generate electricity.
4. ELECTRONICS

Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date

4.1 A student is able to :
Understanding the uses of Cathode
Ray Oscilloscope (C.R.O.)  explain thermionic emission. 15/6 – 19/6
 describe the properties of cathode rays.
 describe the working principle of the cathode ray
oscilloscope.
 measure potential difference using the C.R.O.
 measure short time intervals using the C.R.O.
 display wave forms using the C.R.O.
 solve problems based on the C.R.O. display.

4.2 A student is able to :

Understanding semiconductor
diodes  describe semiconductors in terms of resistance The term doping may be 22/6 – 26/6
and free electrons. introduced.
 describe n-type semiconductors.
 describe semiconductors diodes.
 describe the function of diodes.
 describe the use of diodes as rectifiers.
 describe the use of a capacitor to smooth out
output current and output voltage in a rectifier
circuit.
Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date
4.3 A student is able to :
Understanding transistors
 describe a transistor in terms of its terminals. 7/29 – 3/7
 describe how a transistor can be used as a current
amplifier.
 describe how a transistor can be used as an
automatic switch.

 state that logic gates are switching circuit in 6/7 – 10/7

computers and other electronic systems.
 List and draw symbols for the following logic
gates :
i. AND
ii. OR
iii. NOT
iv. NAND
v. NOR.
 state the action of the following logic gates in
truth table :
i. AND
ii. OR
iii. NOT
iv. NAND
v. NOR.
 build truth tables for logic gates in combination
for a maximum of 2 inputs.
 describe applications of logic gate control
systems.

Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date

5.1 A student is able to :
Understanding the nucleus of an
atom  describe the composition of the nucleus of an 13/7 – 17/7
atom in terms of protons and neutrons.
 define proton number (Z) and nucleon number
(A).
 explain the term nuclide.
 use the nuclide notation X.
 define the term isotope.

5.2 A student is able to :

 state what radioactivity is. The structure of detectors are 20/7 – 24/7
 name common detectors for radioactive not required.
emissions.
 compare the 3 kinds of radioactive emissions in
terms of their nature.
 explain what radioactive decay is.
 use equations to represent changes in the
composition of the nucleus when particles aer
emitted.
 explain half-life from a decay curve.
 solve problems involving half-life.

5.3 A student is able to :

Understanding the uses of
Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Notes Date
5.4 A student is able to :
Understanding nuclear energy
 define atomic mass unit (a.m.u.) 3/8 – 9/8
 describe nuclear fission.
 give examples of nuclear fission.
 describe chain reactions.
 describe nuclear fusion.
 give examples of nuclear fusion. 10/8 – 21/8
 relate the release of energy in a nuclear reaction (Ujian 2)
with a change of mass according to the equation
E=mc2.
 describe the generation of electricity from nuclear
fission.
 Justify the use of nuclear fission in the generation
of electricity.
 Solve problems involving nuclear energy.

5.5 A student is able to :

Realising the importance of proper 10/8 – 14/8
substances substances.
 describe safety precautions needed in the handing 24/8 – 30/8