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recognize that waves transfer energy without transferring matter. compare transverse and longitudinal waves and give examples of each. state what is meant by wavefront. state the direction of propagation of waves in relation to wavefronts. Define i. ii. iii. iv. v. Notes Date
amplitude period frequency wavelength wave speed
5/1 – 9/1
sketch and interpret a displacement-time graph for a wave. sketch and interpret a displacement-distance graph for a wave. clarify the relationship between speed, v = f can be derived from v = s/t wavelength and frequency. solve problems involving speed, wavelength and frequency. describe damping in a oscillating system. describe resonance in a oscillating system.
14/1 – 16/1 1. wavelength. draw interference patterns. frequency.Learning Objective 1. Draw a diagram to show diffraction of waves. solve problems involving = ax/D Young’s double slit experiment may be used to show interference of light. Draw a diagram to show reflection of waves. Discuss the effect of size of gap on the degree of diffraction. Draw a diagram to show refraction of waves. concave and convex transparent blocks. speed and direction of propagation. 21/1 – 23/1 26/1 – 30/1 (Cuti Tahun Baru Cina) .wavelength x – the distance between two consecutive nodes a – the distance between the two wave sources D – the perpendicular distance from the source to the position where x is measured. 19/1 – 20/1 1. explain the interference of waves. wavelength. Notes Date Reflection of circular water waves and the use of curved reflectors are not required. Include refraction of water waves over straight. frequency. frequency. angle of reflection.4 Analysing diffraction of waves A student is able to : describe diffraction of waves in terms of wavelength. speed and direction of propagation. interpret interference patterns.2 Analysing reflection of waves Learning Outcomes A student is able to : describe reflection of waves in terms of the angle of incidence. angle of refraction. 12/1 – 13/1 1. speed.3 Analysing refraction of waves A student is able to : describe refraction of waves in terms of the angle of incidence. .5 Analysing interference of waves A student is able to : state the principle of superposition. direction of propagation and shape of waves.
describe the properties of electromagnetic waves. calculate distances using the reflection of sound waves.Learning Objective 1. describe applications of reflection of sound waves. explain how the pitch relates to frequency. state that visible light is a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. A student is able to : describe the electromagnetic spectrum. explain how the loudness relates to amplitude. Notes Date 2/2 –6/2 1. describe application of electromagnetic waves. 9/2 – 13/2 .6 Analysing sound waves Learning Outcomes A student is able to : describe sound waves. list sources of electromagnetic waves.7 Analysing electromagnetic waves Emphasise that the electromagnetic spectrum is continuous. describe the detrimental effects of excessive exposure to certain components of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Potential difference and voltage may be used interchangeably here.1 Analysing electric fields and charge flow Learning Outcomes A student is able to : sate the relationship between electron flow and electric current. describe the effect of an electric field on a charge.2 Analysing the relationship between electric current and potential different A student is able to : define potential difference. define resistance. define electric current. solve problems involving electric charge and current. describe superconductors. describe an electric field. 23/2 – 27/2 . I – current Q charge t . state Ohm’s law. explain factors that affect resistance. plan and conduct an experiment to fine the relationship between current and potential difference. Notes Recall the activity carried out by using a Van de Garff generator to show the relationship between electric charge and current flow.2. sketch electric field lines showing the direction of the field. ELECTRICITY Learning Objective 2.time Date 16/2 – 20/2 2. current and resistance. describe the relationship between current and potential difference. solve problems involving potential difference.
potential difference and resistance in series circuits. explain internal resistance.f.m. 23/3 – 29/3 2. parallel circuit and their combinations. 30/3 – 3/4 . Notes Date 2/3 – 13/3 (ujian 1) 16/3 – 22/3 (Cuti Pertengahan Penggal) 2.5 Analysing electrical energy and power A student is able to : define electrical energy.m. is not a force but energy per unit charge. describe ways of increasing energy efficiency.f and internal resistance.m.3 Analysing series and parallel circuits Learning Outcomes A student is able to : identify series and parallel circuit. solve problems involving e. compare e. determine the effective resistance of resistor in parallel.4 Analysing electromotive force and internal resistance A student is able to : define electromotive force (e. and internal resistance.f. solve problems involving current. determine e.f).m. compare power rating and energy consumption of various electrical appliances. Clarify that e. define electric power.f and potential difference. determine the effective resistance of resistors connected in series. solve problems involving electrical energy and power.m. compare the current and potential difference of series circuit and parallel circuit.Learning Objective 2.
Notes Date The right hand grip rule may be introduced. state factors that affect the speed of rotation of an electric motor.1 Analysing the magnetic effect of a current-carrying conductor Learning Outcomes A student is able to : state what an electromagnet is. 13/4 – 17/4 . straight wire. Fleming’s left-hand rule may be introduced. describe applications of electromagnets. iii. draw the pattern of the combined magnetic field due to a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field. explain the factors that affect the magnitude of the force on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field.3. solenoid. Draw the magnetic field pattern due to a current in a : i. describe how a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field experiences a force. describe how a direct current motor works. 6/4 – 10/4 3. coil. ii. ELECTROMAGNETISM Learning Objective 3. plan and conduct experiments to study factors that affect the strength of the magnetic field of an electromagnet. The working principle of a moving-coil ammeter may also be discussed. Comparisons to an alternating current motor may also be discussed. describe how a current-carrying coil in a magnetic field experiences a turning force.2 Understanding the force on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field A student is able to : describe what happens to a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field.
describe applications of electromagnetic induction. describe ways to improve the efficiency of a transformer. explain factors that affect the magnitude of the induced current.3 Analysing electromagnetic induction Learning Outcomes A student is able to : describe electromagnetic induction. describe the transmission of electricity. describe the various ways of generating electricity. state that Vp/Vs = Np/Ns for an ideal transformer. Fleming’s right-hand rule may be introduced. 20/4 – 1/5 3. straight wire.Learning Objective 3. solenoid. state the importance of the National Grid Network. state that VpIp =VsIs for an ideal transformer. ii.4 Analysing transformers 4/5 – 8/5 3. Notes Date Faraday’s law and Lenz’s law may be introduced. 11/5 – 15/5 18/5 -29/5 (Pep) 1/6 – 14/6 (Cuti Pertengahan Tahun) . describe the energy losses in a transformer.5 Understanding the generation and transmission of electricity A student is able to : list sources of energy used to generate electricity. A student is able to : describe the structure and the operating principle of a simple transformer. describe the energy loss in electricity transmission cables and deduce the advantage of high voltage transmission. indicate the direction of the induced current in a : i. compare direct current and alternating current. compare and contrast a set-up transformer and a step-down transformer.
Learning Objective Learning Outcomes explain the importance of renewable energy. Notes Date . explain the effects on the environment caused by the use of various sources to generate electricity.
4. solve problems based on the C.O.) Learning Outcomes A student is able to : 4.1 Understanding the uses of Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (C. measure potential difference using the C.R.R.O. 22/6 – 26/6 . display. describe the use of a capacitor to smooth out output current and output voltage in a rectifier circuit.R. Notes Date 15/6 – 19/6 A student is able to : describe semiconductors in terms of resistance and free electrons.O. The term doping may be introduced. describe n-type semiconductors. display wave forms using the C. measure short time intervals using the C. describe the properties of cathode rays. describe the use of diodes as rectifiers.R.2 Understanding semiconductor diodes explain thermionic emission. describe the function of diodes.O. describe semiconductors diodes. ELECTRONICS Learning Objective 4.O. describe the working principle of the cathode ray oscilloscope.R.
describe applications of logic gate control systems. NOT iv. state the action of the following logic gates in truth table : i.3 Understanding transistors Learning Outcomes A student is able to : describe a transistor in terms of its terminals. List and draw symbols for the following logic gates : i. describe how a transistor can be used as a current amplifier. Notes Date 7/29 – 3/7 Analysing logic gates A student is able to : state that logic gates are switching circuit in computers and other electronic systems. NAND v. NOT iv. NAND v. OR iii. describe how a transistor can be used as an automatic switch. NOR. NOR. 6/7 – 10/7 . build truth tables for logic gates in combination for a maximum of 2 inputs.Learning Objective 4. OR iii. AND ii. AND ii.
explain half-life from a decay curve. compare the 3 kinds of radioactive emissions in terms of their nature.1 Understanding the nucleus of an atom Learning Outcomes A student is able to : 5. explain what radioactive decay is. define proton number (Z) and nucleon number (A).2 Analysing radioactive decay describe the composition of the nucleus of an atom in terms of protons and neutrons. RADIOACTIVITY Learning Objective 5. Name examples of radioisotopes. solve problems involving half-life. 27/7 – 31/7 . use the nuclide notation X. 20/7 – 24/7 5. The structure of detectors are not required. Notes Date 13/7 – 17/7 A student is able to : state what radioactivity is. name common detectors for radioactive emissions. explain the term nuclide. Describe applications of radioisotopes.5. define the term isotope. use equations to represent changes in the composition of the nucleus when particles aer emitted.3 Understanding the uses of radioisotopes A student is able to : define radioisotopes.
give examples of nuclear fusion.5 Realising the importance of proper management of radioactive substances A student is able to : 10/8 – 14/8 describe the negative effects of radioactive substances. describe safety precautions needed in the handing of radioactive substances. describe chain reactions. relate the release of energy in a nuclear reaction with a change of mass according to the equation E=mc2.Learning Objective 5.4 Understanding nuclear energy Learning Outcomes A student is able to : define atomic mass unit (a. describe the generation of electricity from nuclear fission. Justify the use of nuclear fission in the generation of electricity. 24/8 – 30/8 (cuti pert. Solve problems involving nuclear energy. Notes Date 3/8 – 9/8 10/8 – 21/8 (Ujian 2) 5.) describe nuclear fission. describe nuclear fusion.m. penggal) 31/8 – 20/9 (ulangkaji) 21/9 – 27/9 (cutu Raya) 28/9 – 9/10 (Pep percubaan) 12/10 – 20/11 (ulangkaji) .u. describe the management of radioactive waste. give examples of nuclear fission.