Applying UML 2.

0 Communication Diagram For Identifying Use Cases - A Case Study – ABC University Course Registration System1
At the beginning of each semester, the ABC University Registrar’s Office will provide a list of courses to students through a new on-line registration system. Information about each course, such as professor, department, and prerequisites will be includes helping students to make informed decisions. The new system will allow students to review available courses and select four of them for the coming semester. In addition, each student will indicate two alternative choices in case a course become filled or canceled. No course will have more than ten students No course will have fewer than three students. A course with fewer than three students will be canceled. If there is enough interest in a course, then a second section will be established. Professor must be able to access the online system to indicate which courses they will be teaching. They will also need to see which students have signed up for their courses. The Registration process will last for three days. The first day will be freshmen orientation and registration. All other students will arrive on the second day of the semester to register. The third day will be used to resolve any outstanding course assignment conflicts. Once the course registration process is completed for a student, the registration system sends information to the billing system, so the students can be billed for the semester. As a semester progresses, students must be able to access the online system to add or drop courses, The University prides itself on academic achievement in science, engineering and arts. Some of the professors, administrators, and students are computer illiterate. Thus this system, unlike the old one, must be easy to use for all concerned.

Defining the Scope of the System
One of the first steps for any system development effort is defining the scope of the system. A communication diagram in UML 2.0 is the best tool to model the scope of the system, as the way we use the context diagram in traditional structured analysis. A communicate diagram is a good candidate to present the boundary of a system along with the inputs to the actors and outputs from the system. A communication diagram is suitable for modeling high-level object message diagram that interact between the system and the actors. External actors often participate in the requirements capturing process through interviews. For the discussion, we will reveal the roles the actor play and the tasks they need to be achieved through the use of the system. Although actor does not have to be a physical person, they could be another systems or devices that interact (received input to and from) with the system under developed.


The name collaboration diagram has been used in UML 1.5 or earlier version and now it has been renamed to communication diagram as one of the 13 UML diagrams in UML 2.0. It is a kind of interaction diagram, thus, it normally this the message number to show the interaction sequence. However, I think the communication diagram is quite suitable to model the high-level system context, but the sequence number for the messages will not be applicable in this case; as the context of the system, in particular, the message are non-deterministic in the view of time.

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Are there any non human actors such as another system or system devices needed to interact with the system to complete some operations? Identify Use Cases and Scenarios To identify use cases from the system-context communication diagram. when events are triggered. Find actors who will use the system being developed? 3. Actor Student Event / Information Registration Form Add Form Drop Form Course Assignment University Curriculum Use Case Register for Courses Add a Course Drop a Course Request Curriculum List A student registered to take course at ABC University. Name the System 2. what information will be exchanged between them? b. The information is to be output from the system? 4.doc Steps for Delimiting System Scope 1.Applying UML 2 Communication Diagram to Identify Use Cases. we need to consider the role of the system and as well as the information exchange between them. The information is to be input to the system? c. Page 2 of 5 . When they interact. For each actor. identify when (what event happens) they interact? a.

include also the problem statement. The initial use case model is very useful for planning the development priorities of various use cases. Actor Billing System Event / Exchange Billing Information Use Case Download student billing information Billing System download student information for computing the billing information Develop Use Case Model Recap: What is a use case model? The initial use case model provides an overview of the functionality of the system. and the record of the student and teaching staff Actor Professor Event / Exchange Course Assignment & Student list Teaching Availability Use Case Indicate Courses to be taught Request student list A professor indicates what subjects he would shoulder and he can also get a student link enroll to his course(s). Use case descriptions. It can serve as the agreed requirements specification of the system. interview minutes and other related high level source of requirements documentation. Optionally.Applying UML 2 Communication Diagram to Identify Use Cases. Instance scenarios of the use cases. The use case model consists of: Use case diagram.doc Actor Administrator Event / Exchange Curriculum Setup Curriculum information Curriculum information Student information Student information Staff information Staff Information Use Case Set up curriculum Add another section to course Cancel a course Add a student Delete a student Add a professor Delete a professor An administrator is responsible for set up and updates course curriculum. Page 3 of 5 .

4. course Assignment successful If Student does not have the proper prerequisites for a course. Step I: Develop the Use Case Diagram The Register for Course use case yields the following scenarios: 1.Applying UML 2 Communication Diagram to Identify Use Cases. we are not going into the details of structuring the use cases. Two courses are not open. Four courses are open. Elaborating Use Cases Let’s focus on the normal scenario first and pick one alternative scenario to examine them further. and that can be presented by the flow of events and to be detailed in the use case description. select four course and indicate two alternative choices 3.doc Notes: In this example. we first need to develop the use case description for the Register Course use case. 2. Use Case Name: Use Case ID Primary Actor Flow of Event Register Courses UC-01 Student 1. and one or both alternates are needed. Then student need to reselect the course. As each use case has a number of possible scenarios. each of those scenarios represents a particular “use” of the system which can be described by a sequence of transactions. To start this. 3. and two alternates are not needed. we pick scenario 1 as the normal and scenario 4 as the alternative to investigate further. student review available courses 2. In our example. Alternative flows and exception Page 4 of 5 . Four courses are not all open. and neither alternate is open. Student does not have the proper prerequisites for a course. but conduct more detailed analysis for the “Register Courses” use case.

Addison Wesley.doc Register Courses in Normal Scenario Register Course with Alterative Path Reference Case Studies extracted and rewritten from: “Succeeding with the Booch and OMT Methods. 1996. Page 5 of 5 .Applying UML 2 Communication Diagram to Identify Use Cases.

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