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So.. assuming that initially (start of mode I) the voltage was positive. A circulating current path now exists between the equivalent capacitor. Th3 & the diode. D1 turns off. 39. D3 goes positive. It may be noted that the current through the equivalent capacitor continues to flow in the same direction. when the mode II ends. Earlier. when the incoming thyristor. D1 was conducting. The diode. Th3. A & B. and goes to zero after some time. with the voltage across it being positive as given earlier. Mode II (Fig.I L′ Th1 X I C3 + I/3 2I/3 C1 + - Th3 Th5 I + D1 C5 D3 I/3 D5 I (iA) A B C I (iC) D2 I Th2 Y I Fig. The current in this path is oscillatory. per phase) of the two phases. at the end of mode II.6(b): Mode I (3-phase CSI) Mode II: After the end of mode I. This process has been described in detail in the earlier section on singlephase CSI (see mode II). D3 now starts conducting. as the current goes to zero.. D3 conduct. the diode. 39. The diode. The complete commutation process as described will be repeated. The diodes in the circuit prevent the voltage across the capacitors discharging through the load. s Document for Free . the 3 two loads and also the two diodes being now connected in series across the equivalent capacitor. This is needed to turn off the outgoing (conducting) thyristor. Kharagpur 13 / 16 document. the thyristor. Version 2 EE IIT. It may be noted that the polarity of the voltage across the equivalent capacitor (at the end of mode II) has reversed from the initial voltage (at the beginning of mode I). two conducting diodes. Th5 is triggered. the voltage across the diode.6c) starts. D1 &D and the load (assumed to be inductive − R & L. as the voltage across the equivalent capacitor goes negative.

when the thyristor. It may be noted the current in the bottom half (phase C) continues to flow.. D2 remain in conduction mode. 39. D1 (phase A).6d. 39. The current now flows in two phases. Th2 & the diode.I + L′ Th1 X I C1 + Th3 + C3 - Th5 D1 C5 + D3 D5 iA iB A B C I (iC) D2 I Th2 Y I Fig. in brief. is the commutation process. Th1 & the diode. D3 (phase B). instead of phase A at the beginning (Fig. Th3 & the diode. Th3 & Th2. Version 2 EE IIT. and also the thyristor.. This.6a). with two thyristors. 39. from the thyristor. Kharagpur 14 / 16 document. Th3 is triggered and the current is transferred to the thyristor. at the end of the commutation process. s Document for Free .6(c): Mode II (3-phase CSI) The circuit is shown in Fig. and the respective diodes conducting. B & C.

An output short circuit or simultaneous conduction in an inverter arm is controlled by the ‘controlled current source’ used here. In recent years. Version 2 EE IIT. one merit of CSI has been stated. are being used in VSI. when used with heavily inductive loads. it can be used for the speed control of ac. 3. self-commutated power switching devices. and also able to withstand high voltage spikes during commutation. The converter-inverter combined configuration has inherent four-quadrant operation capability without any extra power component. specially induction.. i. 39. Kharagpur 15 / 16 document. such as power transistors etc. These circuits also need additional diodes for feeding the reactive power back to the supply. The advantages and disadvantages of CSI vis-àvis VSI are given. which should have reverse blocking capability.. Th3 & Th2 conducting Comments In the introductory remarks. 2. along with bulky commutation circuits. i. Advantages 1. a current limited voltage source in series with a large inductance. is simple.I + L′ Th1 C1 + I Th3 + C3 D1 C5 I + D3 D5 I (iB) C D2 I Y Th2 A Th5 B B C I (iC) I Fig.. motors subject to variation in load torque.6(d): Three-phase CSI with two thyristors.e. but not costly inverter-grade thyristors (having low turn-off time).. using only converter grade thyristor. The circuit for CSI.e. s Document for Free .

will be discussed. these inverters have sluggish performance and stability problems. In this lesson − the seventh one of this module. the load-commutated CSI. along with various circuit diagrams. A minimum load at the output is required. of this module. This limits the operating frequency. are presented. In the next lesson. Version 2 EE IIT. 2.e. ASCI. Finally. in three-phase CSI. the current source inverter (CSI) vis-à-vis VSI. and also puts a limitation on its use for UPS systems.. eighth and last one. along with circuit diagram and relevant waveforms.. At light loads.Disadvantages 1. Kharagpur 16 Current Source Inverter / 16 document. in detail. is mainly described. in brief. the advantages and disadvantages of CSI over VSI. The commutation process for Auto-Sequential Commutated Inverter (ASCI) mode of operation in single-phase CSI. and high frequency. i. and also the Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) techniques used in CSI. Then. and the commutation capability is dependant upon load current. is introduced. the commutation process for the same mode of operation. is described. s Document for Free .

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