News

National Aeronautics and
Space Administration

Washington, D C 20546
AC 202 755-8370

For Release:

N i c h o l a s Panagakos H e a d q u a r t e r s , Washington, D.C. (Phone: 202/755-3680)
5tanley M i l l e r Anes R e s e a r c h C e n t e r , Mountain V i e w , C a l i f . (Phone: 415/965-5091)

IMMEDIATE

6 3

PRESS G U I D E FOR PIONEER VENUS -

Beginning S a t u r d a y , D e c . 2 , N A S A ' s A e Research C e n t e r i n ms Mountain V i e w , C a l i f . , w i l l a c c r e d i t and p r o v i d e f a c i l i t i e s f o r newsmen c o v e r i n g p l a n e t a r y e v e n t s of P i o n e e r Venus 1 and P i o n e e r Venus 2 . P i o n e e r Venus 1, a n o r b i t e r , w i l l e n t e r o r b i t around Venus Monday morning, D e c . 4 , t o s t a r t c i r c l i n g t h e p l a n e t f o r one Venusian y e a r (243 d a y s ) o r more. F i v e d a y s l a t e r , before noon on D e c . 9 , t h e f i v e a t m o s p h e r i c e n t r y c r a f t of t h e M u l t i p r o b e s p a c e c r a f t , P i o n e e r Venus 2 , w i l l e n t e r Venus' atmosphere. Twenty d a y s e a r l i e r on Nov. 1 9 , and s e v e n m i l l i o n m i l e s o u t , t h e F l u l t i p r o b e w i l l have s p l i t i n t o i t s component s p a c e c r a f t -- s e n d i n g them t o e n t r y p o i n t s s p r e a d 1 0 , 0 0 0 k i l o m e t e r s ( 6 , 0 0 0 m i l e s ) a p a r t over Venus' E a r t h - f a c i n g hemisphere.
T'liese P i o n e e r Venus m i s s i o n s i n c l u d e t h e f i r s t American spacec r a f t t o o r b i t Venus, t h e f i r s t p r o l o n g e d o r b i t a l m i s s i o n a t

t h e p l a n e t and t h e f i r s t American o p e r a t i o n s i n a t r u l y d i f f i c u l t a t m o s p h e r e . A t t h e s u r f a c e , Venus' a t m o s p h e r e i s 4 8 0 degrees Celsius (900 degrees Fahrenheit), h o t t e r than t h e m e l t i n g p o i n t of z i n c . Atmospheric p r e s s u r e i s 1 0 0 t i m e s E a r t h ' s -- e q u i v a l e n t t o t h e p r e s s u r e a t a n o c e a n d e p t h of Q n e k i l o m e t e r ( 3 , 3 0 0 f t . ) . The event a l s o w i l l mark t h e f i r s t t i m e o n e p l a n e t has been s t u d i e d by s i x s p a c e c r a f t .

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Mailed: November 1 6 , 1 9 7 8

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The Pioneer Venus missions are devoted primarily to the planetary atmosphere. The 30 experiments should improve understanding of Venus' weather machine, and this in turn may help researchers understand the weather on Earth. The Soviet Union has two spacecraft enroute to Venus, which may heighten news interest. Anticipated dates of their arrivals are also in December. Starting Dec. 7, one or two color pictures of the plqnet per day will be available from the Orbiter. These will show for the first time the rapid changes due to Venus' four-day atmosphere rotation. Because of orbit geometry, views of a one-third Venus will be seen from Dec. 7 to Dec. 14. Fulldisc pictures begin after Jan. 1. There also will be infrared pictures of Venus. During the arrival and entry period, Dec. 3-14, a series of news briefings, as well as background sessions by scientific authorities, will be held (see attached news event schedule). Closed-circuit TV will display new pictures, control center activity and bulletins, plus real-time animation and special events.

A newly-developed computer graphics system, made available by Xerox Corp., will produce real-time color visuals of in? coming data for both television and print media. For TV, the system produces effective animation. As Venus cloud data comes in, for example, a cloud-planet panorama will be made, working with scientists, to show the real cloud characteristics. The same can be done with atmospheric circulation (winds), Venus "weather maps, " trajectories, etc. The system is now operating.
For print media, substantial background material has been prepared; and for TV, there is new movie animation showing descent to the Flanet's surface; planet and spacecraft model$ and other items. It is not necessary to make application for accreditation, but it would be helpful if newspersons who plan to attend r-ould notify Ames by letter or telephone (415/965-5091) by Nov. 26. Attached is a list of nearby hotel accommodations. Newspersons are urged to make hotel reservations as quickly as posqible. Nearby accommodations are becoming difficult to obtain. -more-

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Access badges and parking permits will be issued at the

News Center, Building 245, upon presentation of credentials.
Entry to Ames should be by the NASA Gate. The News Center will be open daily from Dec. 2 to Dec. 14. Hours will be determined by mission events. Information on special telephone and communications requirements can be obtained from Bob DeRenzy at 4 1 5 / 9 6 5 - 5 0 0 2 . Please call 415/965-5091 if you need special information on facilities available for radio, television or print coverage. Enclosed is an area map showing locations for Ames, a tentative list of briefings and a listing of events during the Pioneer operations at Venus.

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PRELIMINARY PIONEER VENUS N W EVENTS SCHEDULE E S

Nov. 2 7
1O:OO a . m .
P r e - a r r i v a l b r i e f i n g , NASA H e a d q u a r t e r s - C h a r l e s H a l l , P r o j e c t Manager, Illnes - L a r r y C o l i n , P r o j e c t S c i e n t i s t , Ames Dec. 2
8:OO

a.m.

Ames p r e s s room opens

Dec. 3

1O:OO a . m .

Orbiter pre-insertion briefing -Spacecraft s t a t u s -Charles H a l l -Larry C o l i n

Dec.

4

8:OO

a.m.

Orbit insertion Confirm r e t r o - f i r e I n i t i a l despin Quick-look o r b i t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s Post-orbit insertion briefing -Charles H a l l -John Dyer, Ames

8:15 a . m .

8:30 a.m.

10:15 a.m.

11:15 a . m .

3:OO

p.m.
p.m.

Final despin R e o r i e n t a t i o n of spin a x i s t o s o u t h celestial pole High-gain a n t e n n a back on

4:OO

6-7

p.m.

Dec. 5

1O:OO

a.m.

Orbiter mission s'tatus -Charles H a l l -Larry C o l i n

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2:OO p.m.

Orbiter science review a) b) instruments objectives

-Larry Colin -Thomas Donahue -Orbiter experimenters Dec. 6
1O:OO
2:OO

a.m. p.m.

Venus weather machine* Quick-look Orbiter science report -Mission status -First Orbiter picture -Imaging system (Larry Travis and James Hansen, GISS)

Dec. 7
1O:OO a.m.
2:OO

Comparative planetary meteorology Comparative planetary meteorology and Jupiter"

p.m.

-

Venus* Mars

*Panel members will be drawn from the following: -Verner Suomi, University of Wisconsin -Andrew Ingersoll, Cal Tech -Peter Stone, MIT -Peter Gierash, Cornel1 -William Leovy, University of Washington -Larry Colin, Ames -James Pollack, Ames -Alvin Seiff, Ames -Richard Young, Ames -Isaac Held, Princeton University -Robert Dickinson, National Center for

Atmospheric Research
-Richard Goody, Harvard -Jerry Schubert, UCLA Dec. 8
1O:OO a.m.
2:OO

Pre-entry briefing Review of 5 Multiprobe spacecraft and experiments

p.m.

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Dec.

9
F i r s t r a d i o c o n t a c t by D S N w i t h p r o b e s

1 0 : 4 1 a.m. (E-19 m i n . )

10:45-12:21

p.m.

Probe e n t r y * * ( 2 0 0 k a l t i t u d e ) m Impact Sounder Probe North Probe Day Probe N i g h t Probe Bus 1.1:40 a.m. 11:47 a . m .
11:50 a.m.
PST PST
PST

Entry=200 km

10:45 a . m . PST 10:50 a.v. PST 10:53 a . m . PST 10:56 a.m. PST 1 2 : 2 1 p.m. PST

11:53 a.m. P S I b u r n s up a t E+1.5 - 2 min.

1 : o o p.m.

Mission s t a t u s r e p o r t -Charles H a l l -Larry C o l i n -Others

Dec.

10

1O:OO

a.m.

M i s s i o n s t a t u s r e p o r t and O r b i t e r s c i e n c e update
-Charles H a l l

-Larry Colin
2:OO p.m.

Radar imaging and Venus s u r f a c e -Gordon P e t t i n g i l l , MIT -Harold Masursky, U . S . G e o l o g i c a l Survev -Donald Hunten, U n i v e r s i t y of A r i z o n a -Richard G o l d s t e i n , JPL

Dec.

1 1

1Q:OO a . m .

Planet i n t e r i o r panel -Thomas P h i l l i p s , J P L -Ray Reynolds, A m e s -Harold Musursky, U. S . G e o l o g i c a l S u r v e y -Donald Hunten, U n i v e r s i t y of Arizona

2:OO p.m.

Mission s t a t u s

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-

-7-

3:OO

p.m.

Direct Long Base Intereometry Probe tracking, triangulation for winds -Charles Counselman, MIT -Gordon Pettingill, MIT

-

Dec. 12
1O:OO

a.m.

Solar-Venusian interaction panel -Nelson Spencer, G S F C -John Wolfe, Ames -Christopher Russell, UCLA -Fred Scarf, TRb7

2:OO

p.m.

Mission status Venus aeronomy -Pioneer Venus experimenters

3:OO p.m.

Dec. 13
1O:OO a.m.

Review and analysis of pictures so far W,IR -James Hansen -Frederick Taylor -Larry Travis

Dee.

14

1O:OO a.m.

Roundup final r e s u l t s conference -PV experimenters

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PICNEER VENUS ENCOUNTER TIME LINE

-

(All T i m e s PST)
Mov. 9 : Rotate Multiprobe 90 degrees t o p o i n t t h e medium-gain a f t a n t e n n a a t E a r t h f o r u s e d u r i n g p r o b e s e p a r a t i o n maneuvers.

Nov. 1 5 t h r o u g h Nov. 2 2 : O r b i t e r s c i e n t i f i c i n s t r u m e n t checkouts d a i l y . Nov. 1 5 : a.m. M u l t i p r o b e c o n t r o l l e r s r e o r i e n t B u s so Sounder Probe h e a t s h i e l d w i l l be a l i g n e d w i t h p r o b e ' s f l i g h t path.

2 hours l a t e r

Sounder P r o b e l a u n c h e d by p y r o t e c h n i c s p r i n g mechanism. Nov. 1 6 : day t i m e Nov. 1 9 : daytime N o r t h , Day and N i g h t p r o b e s l a u n c h e d t o p o i n t s 6 , 0 0 0 m i l e s a p a r t on t h e p l a n e t by p y r o t e c h n i c clamp r e l e a s e ; f o r c e o f Bus r o t a t i o n throws off probes. M u l t i p r o b e Bus r e o r i e n t e d f o r r e q u i r e d N o r t h , Day and N i g h t p r o b e e n t r y p o i n t s .

Nov.

21:

daytime Nov. 2 2 : daytime Nov. 27: p.m.

Bus a d j u s t e d t o atmosphere e n t r y a n g l e .

Bus u p p e r atmosphere i n s t r u m e n t s checked o u t .

20-hour t e s t of Venus o r b i t i n s e r t i o n sequence ( O r b i t e r ) .

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-

-9Dec. 2 :
midday

Maneuver t o o r i e n t O r b i t e r f o r i n s e r t i o n . B i t r a t e lowered ( 1 , 0 2 4 t o 64 b p s ) ; s w i t c h t o Omni antenna; spin-up high-gain antenna; s p i n r a t e
i n c r e a s e d t o 30 rpm; d e s p i n hicrh-gain a n t e n n a : raise b i t rate (64 t o 1 , 0 2 4 b p s ) .

pec. 3:
1 p.m. 1

Load b o t h O r b i t e r command memories w i t h sequence t o f i r e o r b i t i n s e r t i o n motor.

Dec.

4:

1 a.m.

S t a r t command memories t o f i r e o r b i t i n s e r t i o n motor ( O r b i t e r ) . O r b i t e r p a s s e s behind t h e p l a n e t n i n e minutes b e f o r e Venus o r b i t i n s e r t i o n ( V O I ) . Venus o r b i t i n s e r t i o n , O r b i t e r . O r b i t i n s e r t i o n o c c u r s b e h i n d Venus. Solid rocket o r b i t i n s e r t i o n motor b u r n s o u t i n a b o u t 30 s e c o n d s and changes v e l o c i t y a b o u t 3,780 kph (2,349 mph). O r b i t e r e x i t s from b e h i n d Venus, 1 0 m i n u t e s a f t e r VOI. Venus o r b i t i n s e r t i o n ( V O I ) p l u s 1 5 minutes-Confirm r e t r o f i r e ( O r b i t e r ) . ( V O I + 30 m i n u t e s ) I n i t i a l d e s p i n t o 1 5 rpm (Orbiter). Despin h i g h - g a i n a n t e n n a ( O r b i t e r )

7:51 a.m.
8 a.m.

8:lO a . m . 8:15 a . m .
8 : 3 0 a.m.

9 a.m.
9 a.m.

.

to

(VOI

+ 1-7 h o u r s ) Determine o r b i t o f O r b i t e r .

3 p.m.

1 p.m.
3 p.m.

( V O I + 5 h o u r s ) Load r a d a r mapper mrmory f o r first o r b i t (Orbiter).
(VOI

+

7 h o u r s ) Despin t o 6 rpm ( O r b i t e r ) .

4 p.m.
6 p.m.

( V O I + 8 h o u r s ) R e o r i e n t a t i o n of O r b i t e r s p i n a x i s t o south c e l e s t i a l pole.
(VOI + 1 0 hours) O r b i t e r high-gain antenna o r i e n t e d t o E a r t h and t e l e m e t r y s w i t c h e d from Omni antenna t o high-gain antenna.

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-

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7 p.m.

(VOI + 1 h o u r s ) Turn on O r b i t e r s c i e n t i f i c 1 instruments: 1. I n f r a t e d Radiometer ( I R ) , N e u t r a l Mass S p e c t r o m e t e r (NMS) and E l e c t r o n Temperature Probe ( E T P ) on. 2. R e l e a s e NMS h a t , u n l o c k r a d a r a n t e n n a and d e p l o y ETP boom. 3 . NMS c a l i b r a t i o n s e q u e n c e , radar c a l i b r a t i o n sequence.
(VOI (VOI

8 p.m.
1 0 p.m.

+

1 2 h o u r s ) Begin o r b i t number one.

+ 1 4 h o u r s ) T r i m s p i n r a t e t o 5 rpm (Orbiter).

11 p.m.

( V O I + 1 5 h o u r s ) C o n t i n u e t u r n - o n of R o b e t e r s c i e n t i f i c insturments: 1. Magnetometer on. 2. R e t a r d i n g P o t e n t i a l A n a l y z e r on. V O I sequence complete.

F i r s t o r b i t a l scient i f i c s e q u e n c e s t a r t s . Remaining O r b i t e r i n s t r u m e n t s w i l l be t u r n e d on a t v a r i o u s t i m e s a s r e q u e s t e d by t h e p r i n c i p a l i n v e s t i gators during the first o r b i t .

Dec.

5:

noon
Dec. 6 :

I n f r a t e d Radiometer ( I R ) w e a t h e r map of p l a n e t atmosphere ( O r b i t e r ) *

a.m.

Quick look a t s o l a r - w i n d i o n o s p h e r e i n t e r a c t i o n d a t a from E l e c t r i c F i e l d D e t e c t o r ( E F D ) ; q u i c k look a t t h e r m a l s t r u c t u r e of i o n o s p h e r e d a t a from E l e c t r o n Temperature Probe ( E T P ) ; q u i c k l o o k a t Magnetometer r e a d i n g s of s o l a r wind and i o n o s p h e r e : I R w e a t h e r maps; I R d a t a on h e a t b a l a n c e and d i s t r i b u t i o n : U l t r a v i o l e t S p e c t r o m e t e r (UVS) maps (Orbiter) *

.

11 a.m.
7 a.m.

F i r s t O r b i t e r "camera" Cloud P h o t o p o l a r i m e t e r (CPP) s c a n s f o r p l a n e t images. F i r s t Venus image ( b l a c k and w h i t e ) r e c e i v e d a t Ames from O r b i t e r CPP "camera." C o l o r image a v o u t f i v e h o u r s l a t e r . *

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more

.
..

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Dec.

7:

a.m.

U l t r a v i o l e t S p e c t r o m e t e r ( W S ) measures of c o m p o s i t i o n and t h e r m a l s t r u c t u r e o f h o t o u t e r m o s t atmosphere l a y e r ; I o n Mass S p e c t r o meter (IMS) d a t a on d i s t r i b u t i o n and concenr r a t i o n of i o n s i n upper atmosphere; N e u t r a l Mass S p e c t r o m e t e r ( N M S ) r e a d i n g s o f upper a t mosphere; I n f r a r e d Radiometer (IR) r e a d i n g s o f : t e m p e r a t u r e p r o f i l e s i n upper a t m o s p h e r e , t o t a l reflected sunlight, correlation w i t h ult r a v i o l e t m a r k i n g s , water v a p o r abundance and d i s t r i b u t i o n (Orbiter).* Second p l a n e t p i c t u r e r e c e i v e d a t A m e s from O r b i t e r CPP ( C o l o r f i v e h o u r s l a t e r ) . "
8:
Data on c l o u d t o p s and upper atmosphere f r o m O r b i t e r UVS.*

p.m.
Dec.

e a r l y a.m. a.m.

Data on t e m p e r a t u r e p r o f i l e s of upper atmosphere, t o t a l r e f l e c t e d sunlignt, correlation w i t h u l t r a v i o l e t m a r k i n g s , w a t e r vapor abundance and d i s t r i b u t i o n from IR; I R maps; NMS r e a d i n g s of u p p e r atmosphere: IMS r e a d i n g s of i o n d i s t r i b u t i o n and c o n c e n t r a t i o n i n upper a t m o s p h e r e ; UVS measures o f c o m p o s i t i o n and t h e r m a l s t r u c t u r e of h o t o u t e r m o s t atmosphere l a y e r ( O r b i t e r ) . * G r a v i t y a n o m a l i e s from Orbitesr r a d i o s c i e n c e ( e f f e c t s o f g r a v i t y on o r b i t a l . path). * T h i r d p l a n e t p i c t u r e r e c e i v e d from O r b i t e r CPP.* F i n a l a d j u s t m e n t s t o BUS' e n t r y a n g l e ; c a l i b r a t i o n s made; N e u t r a l Mass S p e c t r o m e t e r cap released (Bus).

p.m.

daytime

1:Jec.

9:
Atmosphere e n t r y o p e r a t i o n s b e g i n . S t a b l e o s c i l l a t o r i n r a d i o t r a n s m i t t e r s of N o r t h , Day and N i g h t p r o b e s warmed up by onboard commands.

7:50 a.m.

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-

-12-

8:15 a.m.

Command u n i t on Sounder Probe i n i t i a t e s warmup of b a t t e r y and r a d i o r e c e i v e r .

*
Dec. 9 :
a.m.

Experiment r e s u l t d a t e s and t i m e s are e s t i m a t e s and a r e t e n t a t i v e .

O r b i t e r experiment d a t a continuing d a i l y :
I R maps, I R r e a d i n g s of t e m p e r a t u r e p r o f i l e s of u p p e r atmosphere, t o t a l r e f l e c t e d s u n l i g h t , c o r r e l a t i o n w i t h u l t r a v i o l e t markings, w a t e r ' v a p o r abundance and d i s t r i b u t i o n ; NMS r e a d i n g s of upper a t m o s p h e r e ; I M S r e a d i n g s of i o n d i s t r i b u t i o n and c o n c e n t r a t i o n i n upper atmosp h e r e ; UVS measures of c o m p o s i t i o n and t h e r m a l s t r u c t u r e of h o t o u t e r m o s t atmosphere l a y e r (Orbiter) *

.

p.m.
First radio signal

Two p l a n e t p i c t u r e s p e r day ( O r b i t e r ! . *
F i r s t radio signal r e c e i v e d on E a r t h

transmission

10:23 10:28 10:31 10:34

a.m. a.m. a.m. a.m.

10:26 10:31 10:34 10:37

a.m. a.ma a.m. a.m.

Probe rans - t10:28mdi as st ai o n a.m. Sounder
First
North

F i r s t data

Day Night

10:33 a.m. 10:36 a.m. 10:39 a.m.

r e c e i v e d on E a r t h 10:31 a.m. 10:36 a.m. 10:39 a.m. 10:42 a.m.

1 O : L z O a.m.

Begin e n t r y communications b l c c k o u t . mands d a t a s t o r a g e (Sounder P r o b e ) . N o r t h Probe and w e i g h t s reduce s p i n and w e i t h t s down.

T i m e r com-

10:45 a.m.

b e g i n s communication b l a c k o u t ; c a b l e s of yo-yo d e s p i n s y s t e m d e p l o y t o r a t e s from 48 t o 1 5 rpm; c a b l e s j e t t i s o n e d immediately a f t e r s p i n -

.

10:48 a.m.

Above s e q u e n c e b e g i n s on Day P r o b e . Above s e q u e n c e b e g i n s on N i g h t P r o b e . Sounder Probe b e g i n s d e s c e n t p h a s e , d e p l o y s p a r a c h u t e and j e t t i s o n s i t s forward a e r o s h e l l heat shield. A l t i t u d e of Sounder P r o b e i s 4 0 m i l e s ; a l l i n struments operating.

10:51 a.m.
10:451/2 a.m.

1 0 : 4 5 3/4

a.m.

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more

-

-13-

E n t r y a n d i m p a c t times f o r p r o b e s and Bus ( E n t r y i s a t 2 0 0 km a l t i t u d e , 2 6 , 0 0 0 mph). Entry
10:45 a.m. 10:50 a.m. 10:53 a.m. 10:56 a . m . 12:21
1 0 : 5 1 a.m.

Probe Sounder North Day Night Bus

Impact
11:40 a.m. 11:47 a.m. 11:50 a . m .

11:53 a . m . Burns up a t 12:23 p.m.

N o r t h P r o b e Nephelometer window o p e n s ; Atmosp h e r i c S t r u c t u r e and N e t Flux Radiometer h o u s i n g d o o r s o p e n , i n s t r u m e n t booms d e p l o y on p r o b e , i n s t r u m e n t compartment d o o r s des p i n probe. Above s e q u e n c e b e g i n s f o r
Day

1 0 : 5 4 a.m.

Probe.

10:57 a.m.

Above s e q u e n c e b e g i n s f o r N i g h t P r o b e .

11:02 a.m.

A t 2 8 m i l e s a l t i t u d e , Sounder P r o b e p a r a -

chute jettisons.
11:061/2

a.m.

Data r a t e o f N o r t h P r o b e r e d u c e d t o 1 6 b p s a t 1 8 m i l e s a l t i t u d e , due t o atmosphere thickening.
Data r a t e of Day P r o b e r e d u c e d a s above.
D a t a r a t e of N i g h t P r o b e r e d u c e d as above.

11:091/2

a.m.

11:121/2
Dec.

a.m.

10:

a.m.

P r e l i m i n a r y c l o u d l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y d a t a from f o u r p r o b e N e p h e l o m e t e r s . * P r e l i n a r y d a t a on l o w e r a t m o s p h e r e t h e r m a l

noon
Dec.

s t r u c t u r e , all four probes.*
11:

a.m.

P r e l i m i n a r y Sounder P r o b e I R d a t a on h e a t trapping.* *Experiment r e s u l t d a t e s and t i m e s are e s t i m a t e s and a r e t e n t a t i v e .

\

-

more

-

-14-

Dec. 1 2 :
a.m. P r e l i m i n a r y d a t a on s o l a r e n e r g y d e p o s i t i o n from S o l a r F l u x Radiometer; c l o u d - l a y e r p a r t i c l e s i z e from Cloud P a r t i c l e S i z e S p e c t r o m e t e r : atmosphere and c l o u d components from Atmospheric Composition Mass Spect r o m e t e r (Sounder P r o b e ) *

.

a.m.

Data r e d u c t i o n of Mass S p e c t o m e t c r measurements o f number d e n s i t y o f u p p e r a t m o s p h e r e ; I o n Mass Spectrometer measurements of upper atmosphere (Bus) *

.

p.m.

R e d u c t i o n o f d a t a on Day, N i g h t and N o r t h p r o b e measurements of h e a t t r a p p i n g o n Venus from N e t F l u x Radiometers.* Thermal s t r u c t u r e of i o n o s p h e r e f r o m E l e c t r o n Temperature P r o b e ; Magnetometer r e a d i n g s of i o n o s p h e r e and s o l a r wind f i e l d s ; E l e c t r i c F i e l d Detector r e a d i n g s of s o l a r wind-ionosphere i n t e r a c t i o n (Orbiter)."

p.m.

Dec. 13:

a.m.

F u r t h e r d a t a r e d u c t i o n on: h e a t s o u r c e s and s i n k s i n atmosphere f r o m Sounder Probe IR; c l o u d d e n s i t y o f l o w e r atmosphere from a l l f o u r p r o b e Nephelometers.*

p.m.

P r e l i m i n a r y d a t a on a t m o s p h e r i c components from Gas Chromatograph: c l o u d p a r t i c l e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s from S o l a r Radiometer: S o l a r Radiometer r e a d i n g s of s o l a r h e a t i n g i n Venus atmosphere (Sounder P r o b e ) . " R e d u c t i o n o f u p p e r atmosphere t h e r m a l s t r u c t u r e d a t a from f o u r p r o b e s .
Cloud c h a r a c t e r i s t i c d a t a from Sounder Probe

p.m.

Dec. 14:

Flux Radiometer. *

.

-_-

Qec. 1 9 :

S o l a r c o r o n a t u r b u l e n c e and s o l a r wind v e l o c i t y n e a r t h e s u n from e f f e c t s on O r b i t e r r a dio signal."

*Experiment r e s u l t d a t e s and t i m e s are e s t i m a t e s and are t e n t a t i v e .

-

more

-

-15-

Dec. 2 2 :

L i n e - o f - s i g h t wind s p e e d s from M u l t i p r o b e Doppler e x p e r i m e n t ; s m a l l - s c a l e t u r b u l e n c e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of atmosphere from M u l t i probe r a d i o science.* Upper atmosphere t e m p e r a t u r e , p r e s s u r e and d e n s i t y d a t a from O r b i t e r o c c u l t a t i o n measurements.* S m a l l - s c a l e atmosphere t u r b u l e n c e above 35 k m , from O r b i t e r r a d i o s c i e n c e . " Atmospheric s t r u c t u r e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s from Multiprobe r a d i o s c i e n c e . *
L o w e r atmosphere motion frorn c h a n g i n g p r e s s u r e and t e m p e r a t u r e g r a d i e n t s o f Dual Frequency Radio 3c-

Jan. -:

cultation ( O r b i t e r ) .

*

D e t e r m i n a t i o n o f e n e r g y i n p u t s o u r c e s i n t o ionos p h e r e from O r b i t e r R e t a r d i n g P o t e n t i a l A n a l y z e r . * Atmospheric d r a g on O r b i t e r g i v e s a t m o s p h e r i c density. * E f f e c t s o f i o n o s p h e r e on O r b i t e r r a d i o s i g n a l during o c c u l t a t i o n (ionosphere model).* Venus g r a v i t y f i e l d model from c u m u l a t i v e s m a l l o r b i t changes.*
E s t i m a t e d i r e c t i o n and magnitude of Venus

s p i n v e c t o r , magnitude of Venus p o l a r m o t i o n , and improve measurements o f Venus-Earth o r b i t s from O r b i t e r r a d i o science.* Venus wind v e l o c i t i e s c a l c u l a t e d from d e s c e n t t r a c k of f o u r p r o b e s ( O L B I ) . *Experiment r e s u l t d a t e s and t i m e s a r e e s t i m a t e s and a r e t e n t i t i v e .

######

-16-

HOTELS & MOTELS
1. Motel 6 i 806 Ahwanee Ave., Sunnyvale - 7394450 x b. 4309 El Camino Real, P.A. - 941-0220 2 Currier Motel 3200 El Camino Real, P.A. - 4929085

3. Holiday Inn - Palo Alto - Stanford - 328-2800 625 El Camino Real, P.A. 4. The County Inn - 961-1131 850 Leong Dr., Mtn. View 5. Tropicana Lodge ( e Western) B; t 961-0220 1720 El Camino Real, Mtn. View 6. Travelodge 3255 El Camino Real, P.A. - 493-6340 7. Rickeys Hyatt House Hotel - 493-8000 4219 El Camino Real, P. A. - 493-0800 8. Cabana Hyatt House Hotel 4290 El Camino Real, P.A. 9. Marriott Hotel - 988-1500 Great America Pkwy & Mission College BI. Santa Clara

. .

-

TYPICAL RESTAURANTS* The Fish Market 31 50 El Camino Real, Palo Alto Cher Yvonne 1854 El Camino Real West, Mtn. View Iron Works 3877 El Camino Real, Palo Alto Ming’s 1700 Embarcadero Road, E. Palo Alto Sundanze Mine Co. 1921 El Camino Real, Palo Alto Michael’s Restaurant 830 E. El Camino Real, Sunnyvale Marie Callender Pie Shop a. 751 E. El Camino Real, Sunnyvale b. 4710 El Camino Real, Los AI tos Tia Maria 4470 El Camino Real, Los Altos Bobo’s Restaurant El Camino & Grant Road, Mtn, View Frankie, Johnnie & Luigi Too 939 El Camino Real W., Mtn. View Florentine Restaurant & Pizza 118 Castro St., Mtn. View

- 493-9188 - 967-6742
- 493-3433
- 327-0771 - 321-6798

- 245-2925 - 245-3710 - 941-6290 - 968-5540
- 967.5384 - 941-6989

- 961-6543 - 964-291 1
- 968-9494

Denny’s 870 Leong Drive, Mtn. View Andy’s Chinese Restaurant 174 Castro S t . , Mtn. View

1. Jack-In-The-Box a. 200 El Camino Real W., Mtn. View 3. Herfy’s 580N. Rengstorff Ave., Mtn. View b. 4896 El Camino Real, Los Altos a. 952 El Monte Ave., Mtn. View 4. Taco Bell El Camino Real, Mtn. View 2 McDonald’s b. 556 E. El Camino Real, Sunnyvale

*This listing is of typical establishment and does not imply endorsement.

S A N FRANCISCO

11
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NASA

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VISITOR

MAP INFORMATION

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