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NEWS R E L E A S E '
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
1520
H STREET, NORTHWEST TELEPHONES: DUDLEY 2 - 6 3 2 5

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WASHINGTON 25. D. C. EXECUTIVE 3 - 3 2 6 0

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FOR RELEASE:

RELEASE NO. 61-119

Monday, 2 p,m, June 5, 1961

SATURN LAUNCH COMPLEX 34 Construction has been completed on a massive r o c k e t launching s i t e a t Cape Canaveral from which e a r l y S a t u r n space v e h i c l e s w i l l be f i r e d . It i s t h e l a r g e s t known r o c k e t launching s i t e i n t h e world, and t h e f i r s t such base b u i l t e s p e c i a l l y f o r t h e p e a c e f u l e x p l o r a t i o n of space. FrJom t h i s s i t e t h e f i r s t S a t u r n heavy space v e h i c l e w i l l be f i r e d i n an experimental f l i g h t t o t e s t t h e b o o s t e r p r o p u l s i o n system l a t e r t h i s y e a r . T h i s w i l l be t h e beginning of a s e r i e s of l a r g e r o c k e t t e s t f l i g h t s which i s expected t o l e a d , by 1965, t o t h e launching of t o n s of i n s t r u m e n t s t o t h e moon and Mars, and e a r l y v e r s i o n s of t h e three-man Apollo s p a c e c r a f t which w i l l u l t i m a t e l y be used f o r manned l u n a r landings.
The f a c i l i t y , known t e c h n i c a l l y as launch Complex 34, w i l l be t u r n e d over t o t h e National Aeronautics and Space Administration by t h e Army Corps of Engineers on June 5. The t u r n o v e r ceremony w i l l s i g n a l t h e end of a two-year c o n s t r u c t i o n program i n which some of t h e n a t i o n ' s t o p c o n s t r u c t i o n d e s i g n e r s and craftsmen have been teamed.

Cost of t h e f a c i l i t y i s about $43 m i l l i o n . Among t h o s e t a k i n g p a r t i n t h e t u r n o v e r of d e d i c a t i o n program w i l l be L t . Gen. Walter K. Wilson, Chief of t h e Engineer Corps, and D r . Kurt H. Debus, head of t h e NASA Launch Operations D i r e c t o r a t e , a p a r t of t h e George C . Marshall Space F l i g h t Center a t H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , which i s developing t h e S a t u r n . Dr. Debus w i l l d i r e c t t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n of equipment during t h e n e x t s e v e r a l months i n p r e p a r a t i o n f o r t h e launchings which h i s o r g a n i z a t i o n w i l l conduct.
The LOD drew up t h e g e n e r a l b l u e p r i n t s from which t h e f a c i l i t y was c o n s t r u c t e d . The Army Engineers were i n charge of producing d e t a i l e d design, awarding c o n t r a c t s and s u p e r v i s i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n .

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Although unintended, t h e word "Complex" i s a f o r t u n a t e name f o r t h e f a c i l i t y . It i s complex, and b i g :
--A 45-acre i n s t a l l a t i o n , dominated by a movable s t r u c t u r e 310 f e e t h i g h and c o n t a i n i n g 2,800 t o n s of s t e e l .

--A blockhouse with walls 1 2 - f e e t t h i c k , having a s t e e l door two f e e t t h i c k which weighs 23 t o n s . - - E f f i c i e n t f u e l and l i q u i d oxygen s t o r a g e f a c i l i t i e s which a r e capable of pumping 750,000 pounds o f f l u i d i n t o t h e b i g b o o s t e r i n l e s s than a n hour.
--A launching p e d e s t a l foundation r e i n f o r c e d by 4,400 cubic yards of c o n c r e t e and 580 tons of s t e e l . --A t o t a l of one hundred m i l l i o n pounds of concrete used i n c o n s t r u c t i o n .
--A

38 and 215 f e e t long, l o c a t e d beneath t h e c o n c r e t e and s t e e l
launching pad. When t h e f i r s t S a t u r n b o o s t e r s a r r i v e a t Cape Canaveral, t h e y w i l l be taken d i r e c t l y t o launch Complex 34 where they w i l l be e r e c t e d v e r t i c a l l y on t h e launch p e d e s t a l i n p r e p a r a t i o n f o r t h e mating w i t h upper s t a g e s . Each r o c k e t w i l l spend s e v e r a l weeks a t t h e complex u n t i l a long s e r i e s of checkouts and v e r i f i c a t i o n s has been completed. Unlike many s m a l l e r r o c k e t s , t h e s e i n i t i a l p r e f l i g h t t e s t s w i l l be made e n t i r e l y a t t h e launch a r e a , i n s t e a d of i n a nearby hangar which w i l l be c o n s t r u c t e d i n t h e n e a r f u t u r e t o s u p p o r t l a t e r Saturn vehicles. The S a t u r n C - 1 v e h i c l e i s t o be launched from t h i s complex. It w i l l be a two- and sometimes t h r e e - s t a g e r o c k e t , depending on t h e mission, measuring 21% f e e t a t t h e base and s t a n d i n g some 160 f e e t i n h e i g h t . The l i f t off weight w i l l be about one m i l l i o n pounds. The b o o s t e r , o r f i r s t s t a g e , w i l l develop 1.5 m i l l i o n pounds of t h r u s t , about f o u r t i m e s g r e a t e r than any v e h i c l e y e t f i r e d by t h e U.S. A second-generation r o c k e t , -- c a l l e d S a t u r n C-2, w i l l have c o n s i d e r a b l y more power and w i l l be a b l e t o more t h a n double t h e 20,000-pound e a r t h - o r b i t a l c a p a b i l i t y of t h e C-1. Some l a t e r C - 1 ' s and t h e C - 2 w i l l be launched from a n o t h e r launch Complex (37), l o c a t e d nearby, which i s now i n t h e f i n a l design s t a g e s , i n i t i a l phases of launch Complex 37 c o n s t r u c t i o n w i l l b e s t a r t e d l a t e r t h i s year. Following a r e s a l i e n t f e a t u r e s of t h e major elements of launch Complex 34 -- 2 \

unique automatic ground c o n t r o l s t a t i o n , a roam

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S e r v i c e s t r u c t u r e - The s e r v i c e s t r u c t u r e i s 310 f e e t t a l l . It has twin l e g s measuring 70 f e e t (by) 37 f e e t wide a t t h e base. The c e n t e r opening, i n which t h e r o c k e t w i l l be s i t u a t e d during checkout, i s 56 f e e t wide, Each of t h e l e g s c o n t a i n s a t w o - f l o o r b u i l d i n g which houses t h e s t r u c t u r e ' s o p e r a t i n g equipment and r o c k e t checkout

apparatus. The structure weighs 2,800 tons, 1,700 tons
of which i s s t e e l .

Cost of t h e tower was about $4,000,000.

The s t r u c t u r e provides a means of e r e c t i n g t h e r o c k e t on t h e launch p e d e s t a l . It has a b r i d g e crane of 60-ton c a p a c i t y , w i t h two i n d i v i d u a l l y - o p e r a t e d hooks having c a p a c i t i e s of 60 and 40 t o n s . For checking o u t and s e r v i c i n g t h e r o c k e t , t h e s t r u c t u r e has a work deck a t t h e 27-foot l e v e l ( a t t h e base of t h e b o o s t e r ) p l u s seven f i x e d p l a t f o r m s a t v a r i o u s e l e v a t i o n s . There a r e a l s o f i v e movable, h o r i z o n t a l l y - r e t r a c t i n g p l a t f o r m s which can be a d j u s t e d t o embrace t h e v e h i c l e a t any d e s i r e d l e v e l .

$ a i d t o be t h e w o r l d ' s l a r g e s t movable wheeled s t r u c t u r e , t h e tower i s mounted on two p a i r s of s t a n d a r d guage r a i l r o a d t r a c k s . There a r e f o u r c a r r i a g e s , each w i t h 12 36-inch diameter wheels. Four 100 horsepower m o t o r s which d r i v e t h e carriages are powered by a 400 k i l o w a t t d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r i n s t a l l e d i n t h e s t r u c t u r e . The tower can be c o n t r o l l e d by a s i n g l e o p e r a t o r , s i t u a t e d i n a cab a t t h e 27-fOOt l e v e l . It i s capable o f moving from 1 ; t o 40 f e e t p e r minute. Supporting t h e p a r a l l e l s e t s of r a i l s a r e two mammo'th s t e e l beams, e i g h t f e e t deep, 10 f e e t wide and 538 f e e t long. The e n t i r e launch pad and s e r v i c e s t r u c t u r e a r e a was compacted t o a depth of 28 f e e t by t h e "vibro-floatab2on" technique. Nearly 7,000 cubic yards of b a c k f i l l material was used; t h e r e s u l t was a r e l a t i v e d e n s i t y of 80 p e r c e n t i n t h e foundation a r e a . A f t e r t h e checkout of t h e r o c k e t i s completed, t h e s e r v i c e s t r u c t u r e w i l l be moved t o a paved p a r k i n g a r e a -t h e p o s i t i o n i t occupies a t launch -- some 600 f e e t away, During movement , a h y d r a u l i c a l l y - o p e r a t e d beam between t h e c a r r i a g e s and t h e tower s u p p o r t p o i n t s e q u a l i z e s t h e l o a d among t h e c a r r i a g e s p r e c i s e l y . The h y d r a u l i c c y l i n d e r s are t h e n used t o j a c k t h e tower up t o e f f e c t t h e tie-down or anchor arrangement -- t h e 2,800-ton s t r u c t u r e i s l i f t e d two i n c h e s . The tower i s anchored a t s t e e l p i e r s b y huge

wedges, h y d r a u l i c a l l y driven, t o enable i t t o withstand
h u r r i c a n e winds of up t o 125 m i l e s per hour.

The S a t u r n c o n t r o l b u i l d i n g i s Control b u i l d i n g very s i m i l a r t o t h e blockhouses b u i l t a t Canaveral f o r T i t a h and Atlas missiles. It has 12,500 f e e t of p r o t e c t e d

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f l o o r space on two l e v e l s , and an a d d i t i o n a l 2,150 square f e e t of u n p r o t e c t e d space i n an equipment room which w i l l n o t be occupied during launchings. I i s a c i r c u l a r , t domed b u i l d i n g 156 f e e t i n diameter, w i t h c e i l i n g 26 f e e t from t h e f l o o r . The i n n e r dome o r i g l o o i s of r e i n f o r c e d concrete, f i v e f e e t t h i c k . O top of t h i s i s an e a r t h f i l l which v a r i e s from n seven f e e t i n t h e c e n t e r t o 1 4 f e e t a t t h e edges. The f i n a l l a y e r i s f o u r i n c h e s of gunned c o n c r e t e . For b l a s t d e f l e c t i o n purposes, t h e r e i s a s l o p e o f 35 degrees from t h e t o p . The main e n t r a n c e door, of s t e e l and c o n c r e t e , weighs 23 t o n s . The b u i l d i n g i s designed t o withstand 311,000 pounds of p r e s s u r e p e r square f o o t , There a r e two a l t e r n a t e means of e x i t i n emergencies, 42-inch c o n c r e t e p i p e s whose primary purpose i s f o r a i r i n t a k e . These t e r m i n a t e i n a shed 300 f e e t f r o m t h e b u i l d i n g . The f i r s t f l o o r of t h e b u i l d i n g i s t o be b o o s t e r and upper stages c o n t r a c t o r p e r s o n n e l t r a c k i n g and t e l e m e t r y o p e r a t i o n s . Technical u t i l i t i e s , r e s t -rooms, e t c . , are a l s o l o c a t e d used by involved i n and b u i l d i n g there.

O t h e second f l o o r , t h e main f i r i n g o p e r a t i o n w i l l n be l o c a t e d . Equipment i n c l u d e s f i r i n g console, t e s t s u p e r v i s i o n and conductor consoles and v a r i o u s monitoring and recordilngapaneks. A small o b s e r v a t i o n room i s s e p a r a t e d b y glass from t h e o p e r a t i n g area. Prelaunch a c t i v i t i e s i n t h e a r e a can be viewed from a n o b s e r v a t i o n balcony on t o p of t h e c o n t r o l b u i l d i n g . Launch Pad: The launch pad i s 320 f e e t i n diameter.

It i s c o n s t r u c t e d of r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e e i g h t i n c h e s
t h i c k . A s i n d i c a t e d e a r l i e r , s p e c i a l foundations have been provided f o r t h e s e r v i c e s t r u c t u r e and t h e launch p e d e s t a l , t h e two areas of t h e pad where t h e r e i s g r e a t s t r e s s . I n t h e v i c i n i t y of t h e flame d e f l e c t o r , t h e pad i s paved w i t h r e f r a c t o r y b r i c k t o p r o t e c t it from h e a t . The pad has a p e r i m e t e r flume f o r t a k i n g away s u r f a c e water, and p o s s i b l e p r o p e l l a n t s p i l l a g e . P e d e s t a l : I n t h e c e n t e r of t h e launch pad i s t h e p e d e s t a l from which t h e S a t u r n w i l l be f i r e d . I i s a t s t r u c t u r e 42 f e e t square and 27 f e e t h i g h . The p e d e s t a l foundation c o n t a i n s 4,400 cubic yards of c o n c r e t e and 580 t o n s of s t e e l . The foundation i s 160 f e e t by 106 f e e t , w i t h depth varying from e i g h t f e e t a t t h e c e n t e r t o f o u r f e e t a t t h e edges. The t o p of t h i s f o u n d a t i o n i s 93 f e e t below t h e s u r f a c e of t h e pad. The e a r t h f i l l between t h e foundation and t h e s u r f a c e of t h e pad allows f o r t h e passage of v a r i o u s u t i l i t y , h i g h p r e s s u r e gas and f u e l l i n e s .

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Rising from t h e foundation and extending t o 27 f e e t about t h e pad a r e f o u r c o n c r e t e and s t e e l columns, seven f e e t and f o u r i n c h e s s q u a r e . To t h e s e columns a r e a t t a c h e d t h e b e a r i n g r i n g and anchor b o l t s f o r t h e r o c k e t s u p p o r t arms. The columns a r e p r o t e c t e d from t h e r o c k e t ' s b l a s t by i n s u l a t e d s t e e l l i n e p l a t e s . Bolted t o t h e r i n g a t t h e t o p o f t h e p e d e s t a l a r e e i g h t arms. Four of t h e s e a r e used s o l e l y t o support the weight of t h e r o c k e t , w h i l e t h e o t h e r f o u r b o t h support t h e r o c k e t and r e s t r a i n i t from l i f t o f f u n t i l t h e p r o p e r burning c o n d i t i o n has been achieved by a l l e i g h t S a t u r n engines. These arms are f a b r i c a t e d of s t e e l and a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y c o n t r o l l e d during t h e launch sequence. D e f l e c t o r : Beneath t h e launch p e d e s t a l i s a r a i l mounted flame d e f l e c t o r . T h i s 120,000-pound- s t e e l s t r u c t u r e d i v e r t s t h e 5,000-degree F. j e t stream i n two, o p p o s i t e h o r i z o n t a l d i r e c t i o n s . The d e f l e c t o r i s 20 f e e t high and 50 f e e t 1 o n g ; t h e d e f l e c t i o n a n g l e beneath t h e engines i s 60 degrees. While n o t i n u s e , t h e d e f l e c t o r i s parked on r a i l s away from t h e p e d e s t a l . A spare d e f l e c t o r i s parked on t h e o p p o s i t e s i d e of t h e p e d e s t a l . Umbilical Tower: Adjacent t o t h e launch pedestal i s
t h e u m b i l i c a l tower, t h e main f u n c t i o n of which i s to

provide e l e c t r i c a l and pneumatic l i n e s t o t h e r o c k e t . A t p r e s e n t t h e Complex 34 tower i s only 27 f e e t t a l l . I t w i l l be i n c r e a s e d i n h e i g h t as l i v e upper stages are added t o t h e r o c k e t . The tower i s 24 f e e t square a t t h e b a s e . (It can be i n c r e a s e d t o about 275 f e e t i n h e i g h t . ) There i s a s t e e l b r i d g e and a cableway connecting t h e u m b i l i c a l tower t o t h e launch p e d e s t a l . Automatic Ground Control S t a t i o n : There i s a room, known as t h e automatic around c o n t r o l s t a t i o n , immediately It extendsbeneath a major portion-of t h e launching pad: from t h e west edge of t h e pad eastward toward t h e c o n t r o l b u i l d i n g , avoiding t h e launch p e d e s t a l a r e a . The room i s 215 f e e t long and 38 f e e t wide, c e i l i n g h e i g h t i s 9 f e e t . It s e r v e s as a d i s t r i b u t i o n p o i n t f o r a l l measuring and checkout equipment, power, and h i g h - p r e s s u r e g a s . Included i s a g e n e r a t o r room which p r o v i d e s DC and AC power. The room i s n o t occupied d u r i n g launching.
A t u n n e l f o r p e r s o n n e l , and f o r passage of a dozen

r a c k s of c a b l e s , extends from t h e AGCS t o t h e o t h e r s i d e of t h e pad. The c a b l e s a r e t h e n f e d i n t o a roofed cableway which leads t o t h e c o n t r o l b u i l d i n g .

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I

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Fuel S s t e m : RP-1 f u e l (kerosene) i s provided t o t h e b o o s t e r rom two above-ground t a n k s l o c a t e d about 950 f e e t from t h e launch p e d e s t a l . The tanks a r e 15 f e e t i n diameter and have a c a p a c i t y of 30,000 g a l l o n s each. A retai'ning wall i s provided, along w i t h revetments t o r e t a i n t h e f u e l should a tank r u p t u r e . A e i g h t - i n c h f u e l l i n e leads t o t h e r o c k e t . n There are two 1,000-gallon-per-minute pumps. Fuel i s brought i n t o t h e f a c i l i t y by t r u c k t r a n s p o r t e r s , t h r e e of which can unload a t t h e same time. Unlike many o t h e r f u e l i n g o p e r a t i o n s , t h i s one i s completely automatic, being o p e r a t e d from t h e c o n t r o l b u i l d i n g f u e l l o a d i n g p a n e l s . Normally, t h e b o o s t e r w i l l b e f u e l e d i n about 40 minutes, although i t could b e accomplished i n about h a l f t h a t time.
A f a c i l i t y f o r l i q u i d hydrogen, t h e high-energy f u e l t o be used i n S a t u r n upper s t a g e , i s t o b e ready by t h e t i m e t h e l i v e upper s t a g e s are phased i n t o t h e program.

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Liquid Oxygen System: There are two l i q u i d oxygen (LOX) s t o r a g e t a n k s some 650 f e e t from t h e launch p e d e s t a l , w e l l removed from t h e f u e l f a c i l i t y . The main v e s s e l i s an above-ground sphere, w i t h an o u t s i d e diameter of 43 f e e t . The tank i s surrounded b y f o u r f e e t of " p e r l i t e " a m i n e r a l i n s u l a t i n g powder, which c o n t r o l s t h e e v a p o r a t i o n l o s s of less t h a n half of one per c e n t p e r day. A e a r t h n revetment p r o t e c t s t h e LOX f a c i l i t y on t h e s i d e of t h e launch area. A s i x - i n c h l i n e f e e d s t h e r o c k e t , a t a flow r a t e of up t o 2,500 g a l l o n s per minute, Normally about 4 0 minutes w i l l be r e q u i r e d t o f i l l t h e S a t u r n b o o s t e r ' s f i v e LOX tanks, which hold an e s t i m a t e d seven t a n k c a r s l o a d s . It can be done i n much l e s s t i m e . The main LOX c o n t a i n e r o p e r a t e s under about 20 p s i (pounds of p r e s s u r e p e r square i n c h . )
A small l i q u i d oxygen tank i s used f o r r e p l e n i s h i n g t h e oxygen which b o i l s o f f d u r i n g t h e l a t t e r stages of launch p r e p a r a t i o n . It i s a 13,000-gallon c a p a c i t y tank, 1 2 f e e t i n diameter by 25 f e e t i n l e n g t h , l o c a t e d n e a r t h e main tank. Vacuum i n s u l a t i o n a s s u r e s t h e same low e v a p o r a t i o n loss. A t h r e e - i n c h l i n e , under 200 p s i , l e a d s t o the booster.

The same LOX f a c i l i t y w i l l be used i n providing o x i d i z e r f o r t h e upper s t a g e s of S a t u r n l a t e r i n t h e program.

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gaseous n i t r o g e n and helium i n t h e p r e p a r a t i o n and f i r i n g
of t h e S a t u r n . A h i g h p r e s s u r e gas f a c i l i t y i s l o c a t e d about 1,100 f e e t from t h e launch pad and 200 f e e t from the control building.

High P r e s s u r e Gas F a c i l i t y :

There are several uses of

There a r e 36 15$-cubic-feet (water volume) s t o r a g e v e s s e l s d i v i d e d i n t o two groups. Four v e s s e l s c o n t a i n helium used f o r bubbling t h e LOX t a n k s of t h e b o o s t e r t o keep t h e LOX from forming s t r a t a of d i f f e r e n t temperatures. Thirty-two tanks c o n t a i n n i t r o g e n which i s used f o r purging f u e l and LOX l i n e s , engine and instrument compartments, f o r a i r b e a r i n g s and f o r c e r t a i n p r e s s u r e - o p e r a t e d components such as v a l v e s . All of t h e s e t a n k s o p e r a t e a t 6,000 p s i . Other equipment i n c l u d e s two helium b o o s t e r compressor u n i t s , which t a k e helium from t r a i l e r s and b o o s t s i t t o t h e d e s i r e d p r e s s u r e l e v e l ; two t r a i l o r - m o u n t e d c o n v e r t e r s t o change l i q u i d n i t r o g e n t o gaseous n i t r o g e n , each having a 1,000-gallon storage c a p a c i t y . the
to

i n c n e s . All gas d i s t r i b u t i o n i s made from t h e automatic ground c o n t r o l s t a t i o n , remotely o p e r a t e d from the control building.
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A t o t a l of seven double e x t r a heavy s t e e l l i n e s c a r r y ases t o t h e launch pad; they vary i n s i z e from 2$

A a d d i t i o n a l gas f a c i l i t y i s planned, a d j a c e n t t o n t h e launch pad, which w i l l provide 600 cubic f e e t s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y f o r gaseous helium, t o b e used f o r p r e s s u r i z i n g f b o o s t e r LOX t a n k s . There w i l l b e a t o t a l o 27 vessels, 16 i n c h e s by 23 f e e t . Skimming Basin: A skimming b a s i n i s l o c a t e d about 300 f e e t from t h e edge of t h e pad on t h e beach s i d e . T h i s i s a paved v a t one-hundred and f o u r f e e t by one-hundred and e i g h t y f e e t which i s used f o r t h e s e p a r a t i o n of water and f u e l r e s u l t i n g from s p i l l a g e , o r f r o m unloading booster fuel. Water System - A water system has been i n s t a l l e d on t h e pad and throughout t h e s e r v i c e s t r u c t u r e , p r i m a r i l y as a s a f e t y measure. Water i s a v a i l a b l e a t a l l work l e v e l s on t h e tower f o r f i r e p r o t e c t i o n . There i s a "pad f l u s h " system t o wash away s p i l l e d f u e l . A t t h e launch p e d e s t a l t h e r e i s a quenching system f o r u s e i n case f i r e occurs a c c i d e n t a l l y i n t h e " b o a t t a i l " o r engine compartment. This system i s also used t o p r e v e n t back-flame from e n t e r i n g t h e engine compartment i n case t h e engines a r e c u t - o f f immediately a f t e r i g n i t i o n and b e f o r e l i f t o f f . Four 3,500-gallon-per-minute n o z z l e s a r e being i n s t a l l e d a t t h e pad surrounding t h e r o c k e t a t about 100 f e e t d i s t a n c e , as a g e n e r a l f i r e p r o t e c t i o n measure.
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Operating Support Building: On the opposite side of the

control building from the launch area, an operations
support building is under construction. This building contains about 30,000 square feet of floor space, and will be used f o r general shop and engineering activities, and spare parts storage. Communication System: A voice communications system is being installed by the launch operations directorate. The system is designed for clear, reliable voice transmission regardless of high noise environment. The system will 0 consist of up t o 2 0 stations scattered throughout the 45-acre installation. PART1CIPANTS Construction of the Saturn Complex was accomplished under the direction of the Jacksonville (Fla.) district of the U . S . A m y Corps of Engineers. The project engineer was Capt. Frederick F. Irving. Donald E. Eppert, Canaveral area engineer, served as overall engineer corps coordinator. Within the launch operations directorate, the launch facilities and support equipment office, Huntsville, headed by Theodor Poppel, was in charge of the project. R. P. Dodd heads the launch facility design group of LOD at Cape Canaveral, a segment of Poppels office. Hundreds of firms were involved in construction as prime contractor, subcontractor or supplier. Diversified Builders, Inc,, Montebello, Calif,, was the prime contractor on the control building. This work began June 8, 1959, the first element of the complex to be built. The Kaiser Steel Co. was the prime contractor on the service structure. The Henry C. Beck Co. of Palm Beach, Fla., built the launch pad, pedestal, high-pressure gas and propellant facilities, and other facilities and roads in the area. The Complex was designed by Maurice Connell and Associates, Miami, with the Kaiser Steel Co. doing the final design of the service structure. Overall NASA headquarters planning and coordination is exercised by the Office of Launch Vehicle Programs. Maj. Gen. Don R. Ostrander is Director and Samuel Snyder is Assistant Director for Launch Operations. Richard B. Canright is Saturn Program Manager.

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