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200 million birds died or were destroyed in attempt to stop the pandemic of avian influenza (5)? Did you hear that United Nations coordinator, Dr David Nabarro, estimated the number of possible human casualties as 5 150 million people? Are you aware that since its discovery in the 1990 -ies the avian flu has been contracted by more than 100 people, and one half of them died (6)? Such figure may appear too abstract for us, as well as the avian flu itself raging somewhere on the other side of the world. In our corner of the world everything is fine, most of us love chicken meat, and are not going to deny ourselves a Mac Chicken on week -ends. But the eye-opener for us all is the fact that the avian flu epidemic is much closer to America than it seems. If it strikes, no one listening to this speech will be immune, and "there won't be Tamiflu or hospital beds for everybody", the officials say (6). So my thesis is that the only way of prevention of an avian flu epidemic in the USA is inoculation. The vaccine was synthesized by the National Institutes of Health, and it creates a protective immunity in the human organism in two rounds of inoculation (6). The trut h is that it won't cure an infected individual, but it will prevent a disease. At the moment there is no treatment for the human modification of the avian flu. The medication called "Tamilflu", elaborated by Roche Pharmaceutical in Switzerland, can only "slow the ability of the virus to overwhelm your body and make lots of copies of itself and that buys you time to develop appropriate immunity and kill it off", if taken in the first 36 hours (6). All in all, isn't it more appropriate to inoculate yourself against a lethal disease and minimize the chance of its contraction than resorting to Tamilflu to slow down the infection? The US government has already purchased some six million doses of vaccination, so if you apply for vaccination at his very moment, you are most likely to be inoculated. I highly advise that you take care of yourself right now. The global matters are actually in the hands of every individual. If everyone will be immune to the disease, the pandemic won't break in. You just need to be inoculated in order to prevent an infection that can kill 150 million people. Your future and the future of the United States depend on your choice. Choose life before it is too late. Choose vaccination. Thank you.
In o mative Speech: Gas
he i st gas pipeline Dashava St iy was built back in 1924. It was extended to Kyiv in 1948, and six yea s late to oscow. Rapid development o the gas t anspo tation system sta ted in 1960s 1970s with sta t o the Russian and Uk ainian gas supply to the count ies o Cent al and Weste n Eu ope in 1967. he easonableness o this step was essentially doubted in Eu ope, pa ticula ly by the NA O and some Eu opean count ies. he imes in 1967 mentioned the p oject suggested the supply o natu al gas by USSR to Italy, F ance, Aust ia and even to the Weste n Ge many. Russia had an excess o gas esou ces in Sibe ia and wanted it to be supplied to Eu ope th ough Uk ainian gas t anspo tation system. Despite the se ious doubts ega ding the g owing dependence on the natu al esou ces om the USSR, the ag eement was eached and Russian and Uk ainian gas lowed to Eu ope. It seems that nowadays it is high time o Eu ope to ecall its past anxiety: being independent on gas supply om "Soviet count ies" Russia and Uk aine becomes c itical o econo my o the Eu opean Union. he e is no doubt, that when Russia and Uk aine we e the pa ts o the same st uctu e Soviet Union, the e we e no essential con ontation between them as the supplie and the inte media y. he situation changed in 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed and two count ies became independent. Du ing 14 yea s till 2005 , Uk aine bene ited om subsidized ates o Russian natu al gas. It should be mentioned that it was not until 2005 that se ious gas con lict a ose and exactly be o e this, in 2004, the O ange evolution b oke out, which ended up with the i st t uly p o Weste n gove nment in Uk aine. hat is, Russia sta ted to lose its boundless in luence. o eove , Uk ainian P esident, m . Yushchenko made ce tain steps to join the NA O, which was conside ed as di ect th eat to the Russian st ategic inte ests. Since then, each New Yea celeb ation passes unde the sign o gas con lict between Russia and Uk aine. Howeve , we should not o get about the economic justi ication o the p oblem. C isis made count ies save money, and each pa ty t ies to p ess out as much dolla s as it is possible. If we conside the issue th ough the p ism of economy, we'll see that Uk aine t ies to educe the p ice fo gas equested by Russia. Switching to ma ket te ms, sticking to cu ent Russian demands will mean mo e than doubling of gas p ice fo Uk aine: $418 $450 pe 1000 cubic mete s tcm in cont ast to 2008 p ice of $179. In esponse to these te ms, Uk aine stated that in this case it will be compelled to inc ease ta iffs fo gas t ansit, acco ding to the ma ket te ms as well. Fo efe ence, Eu ope is expected to pay $250 300/tcm this yea , acco ding to Russian Gazp om. he conflict has not been settled until now. Uk aine efutes accusations of si phoning off the Russian gas, and the monito s of the EU a e checking gas flow th ough the Uk ainian te ito y to confi m o efute the case of siphoning off the gas. Gas t ansit is halted, and again, it is ha d to define the pa ty which is to be blamed fo this. Gas t ansit issues a e egulated by the Ene gy Cha te eaty EC 1998 , which specifies uninte upted t ansit as one of its majo p ovisions. At the same time, this is not the p o globalization ag eement, as fa as it b ings into the fo eg ound the sove eignty of a nation conce ning its ene gy secto and othe issues. his is p ovided in the A ticle 18 of the EC . he efo e, Uk aine is only defending its inte ests. Howeve , the eaty p ovisions can be inte p eted diffe ently: thus, A ticle 7 5 of the EC claims that membe count ies a e obliged to "secu e established flows of Ene gy ate ials and P oducts to, from or between the Areas of other contracting Parties" Energy Charter, 2009 . In case of interruption, member states should "«expeditiously restore the normal operation of such ransit" Energy
Informative Speech: U.S. Presidential election he last presidential elections have realized the dream of African Americans to have a president who does not "look like other presidents on the dollar bill." President Obama became the leader of the nation during the global crisis. His success depends on his own ability to unite the nation in the context of a deepening world crisis. He will have to take unpopular measures that may reduce his popularity. But he is rightly call ed "generational tsunami". He is energetic, resolute, and trustworthy. He can hear the voices of multiethnic America, he cares for the future of American democratic values, and he can restore America's positive image on the global political arena, He is the president who is entrusted with the task of remaking "one nation, one people". He can change the American community inwardly, breeding overwhelming love instead hate, putting an end to many senseless wars unleashed by President Bush. He will make America more hopeful, more tolerant, more constructive, and more constructive. he nation expects a miracle from President Obama, entrusting him with the task of healing the nation's economy and opening new horizons in all spheres of life. President Obama made i t clear that the United States has never been "just a collection of individuals or a collection of Red States and Blue States: we are, and always will be the United States of America." President Obama has opened a new page in American history. Since the l aunch of the abolitionist movement, never was the victory of democracy in America so powerful and deprived of the color of racial discrimination. President Obama is a national leader, a brilliant politician who represents a new generation in American politics. He is supported by the white populations for his intelligent, progressive thinking and energy. He is the hope of many other ethnic groups because he has demonstrated that even the highest post in the country may be held irrespective of race and ethnicity. President Obama is the mouthpiece of diverse America, and that is fundamental to his resolute movement forward. Despite tough economic times he is at the head of the change. He lights his people's way towards prosperity, justice, and peace. he entire world was tired of the ideology of wars that had damaged the international image of American democracy. he BBC reporters highly praised President Obama's technically perfect ground campaign, his broad donor base, his army of helpers, his chords with you nger Americans, Hispanic and Jewish voters, and his decent struggle for the most powerful post in the world. President Obama represents a new generation of pragmatic politicians who may bring meaningful change to the United States. President Obama's outst anding personality, his ability to raise to the top post in the most powerful country in the world, starting his campaign "in the backyards of Des oines and the living rooms of Concord and the front porches of Charleston", is worth a lot. With the national support, President Obama will be able to restore the image of the United States as the most democratic country in the world. "One nation, one people." We are changing, becoming more open to the rest of the world in our humanistic intentions.
Inspirational Speech: New project kick-off Hello. For those of you who don't know me yet my name is Andrew Dickinson. I am the head of the artificial intellect department and one of the founders of our company. To let you in a secret, it was my idea to name it "Mnemosoft". The whole thing started in 2001, when I was 23 and was about to graduate from IT Department of the University of Toronto. My friend, a young manager and me, an enthusiastic programmer, decided to start a software company. We had our bu siness plan composed, I was sure of my development skills and my companion defined a new market niche where our products would be much in demand. I came up to my father for advice and told him about our plans. I still recall his countenance, when he replie d: "Drew, it is impossible". I remembered those words for the rest of my life. They drove me to a corner, and for the first time I thought that our radiant hopes can fail. I had no right to a defeat, for my starting capital was too little to have a second try. I thought it over and over again till late into night. In the morning I decided to make an attempt. The name of the company came by itself - "Mnemosoft", from the Greek word "mnemo" meaning memory. I remembered father's words very well, yet I also believed in the impossible. I gambled on the incredible - and today I am here with you, giving an inspirational speech to our new team before commencement of a new project. We are to develop a new search engine, and I know that at first glance this idea see ms impossible, for no other searcher can stand competition with Google and other whales of the Internet information management. But let us believe in the impossible - that a team of young energetic professionals can create another whale by hard work, coope ration and confidence in success. Most of you are IT-people: programmers, developers, testers, web -designers, network administrators or maintenance engineers. However, you will also work side by side with linguists, journalists and database specialists. Your team is quite diverse, but it should and will function as one single body, where every organ fulfills its vital function. Your ultimate goal lies within our reach. All you have to do is to believe that you can do it. Remember that nothing is impossible - and everything will work out. Believe in the impossible, as I risked too four years ago, for it is the only way to achieve anything. I will finish my small speech by one of my favorite quotations. It is taken from the book written by a brilliant mathematician who dared to believe in the incredible. You must have read it in your childhood, but I want you to recall, re -evaluate and remember it. "There is no use trying, said Alice; one can't believe impossible things. I dare say you haven't had much prac tice, said the Queen. When I was your age, I always did it for half an hour a day. Why, sometimes I've believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast" (Lewis Carroll) (3). The future of this project depends on each of you, and on your belief. Thank you.
Inspirational Speech: Overcoming Storms of ife Dear adies and Gentlemen, we have gathered today to speak about overcoming adversity and coping with the storms of life. his is very deep theme, and I am sure that anyone has many stories based on the challenges and their overcoming. But today we will co ncentrate on the issue of overcoming. In this light, it is important to emphasize the postulate that all challenges are timely, and they are not accidental. God tests us in such way. You cannot realize the real value of your life if you have not compared i t to something. God sends us trials so that we could understand the deepness of His goodwill and love. No one is alone until he has his faith. he Bible has such words: "God withdrew from him, in order to test him, that He might know all that was in his heart" Chronicles 32:31 NKJ . So, you see that even in His withdrawal, God is always with us. Sending us trials and challenges, He wants to demonstrate us the real power we have inside, the real power he gave us. Often we fail to use it properly, because we don't know how strong we are. In order to help us see our values He assigned us to, He sends us trials. here is no sense in crying over the trouble "the best way out is always through", as Robert Frost claimed. So, you should not concentrate on your pr oblems, but rather on the way how to solve them. ook forward, because life is beautiful, and God created it for us. " hat which does not kill us makes us stronger" these words of the famous philosopher demonstrate that we are the instruments in the hands of God. Remember, how many times you thought that this was the hardest thing you've ever done. hen you experience something even harder, and you understand that you became stronger. Now you can endure even more. his is the eternal process of human development. I have met a lot of people who overcame the storms of life with dignity and faith. they all admit, that these challenges made their lives brighter. hey understood the real value of life it is invaluable. And there is no sense in suffering accept it and overcome. his is life. It does not consist of dreams and happy days, but of alternation of days and nights both happy and miserable. hus, another sense of adversity comes to the foreground it makes us closer to our destiny. Japanese proverb says, "Fall seven times, stand up eight" and this eighth may be lucky chance which will bring you to your happiness. ay be not, but then you'll have to believe, fight and stand up as much as it will be needed. Storms of life are transient, no matter how hard they are some day you will definitely reach your desired peaceful shore. Just listen to the words written in the Holy Bible: "Blessed is the man who endures temptation; for when he has been proved, he will receive the crown of life which the o rd has promised to those who love Him" JA ES 1:12 13, 16 17 NKJ . emptation to yield overcome it! emptation to blame God, fate and everybody around you in all your troubles overcome it! All your life is the sequence of choices. When a person makes h is choice in favor of faith he wins! Overcoming adversities and demonstrating strong will and belief, a human will obtain the "crown" for he has shown his love to God, by accepting all challenges as needed and coping with them with the name of God on the lips. And God loves us, helps us and support us, and this is the main truth a person should remember when fighting with difficulties in life. Don't be alone in your struggle, accept it and entrust to your God. For, as He told, "«When you pass through the waters I will be with you; when you pass through rivers, they will not sweep over you. When you walk through the fire, you will not be burned; the flames will not set you ablaze. For I Am the ord«your Savior." Isaiah 43:2, NIV). All our mundane difficu lties may seem crucial and catastrophic to us, but in fact they are only the episodes in the history of the humanity. Each life is saint and important in the eyes of God, so don't thin your faith and sacrifice are inessential.
Inspirational Speech: Student of the Year Nomination Dear Ladies and Gentlemen, let me introduce you the Student of the Year He is a 6th grade student. I am very glad to have such student in my class. First of all, my special thanks to the family of this student. I want to pay tribute to these people, becau se the play outstanding part in the life of my student. There is no secret in the fact that favorable environment is essential in the formation of the excellence in students. When a student has support at home, when his family loves and cares for him, ther e is already fifty percent of success for a student. In the most difficult times of our lives we turn to our family. If it helps, we renovate our strengths and go further. In my class I see that families of all students do their best to help their children , but the family of this student is particularly concerned about his academic success. They try to create the friendly and favorable atmosphere which is the most helpful for studying. I think that they can already deliver lectures about how to create favor able environment for student academic success. These lectures would be useful for many parents. As I have already mentioned, about fifty percent of academic success of the student are due to the proper support of the family. But what about the rest? Cert ainly, this is the most important part of the student success. About fifty percent of the success belongs completely to the student. I can tell you, that this student has a great potential. He is very strong in his moral values and his will is strong as well. I have that happy chance to watch his studying: while he is reading a book or is working over some project. There is a satisfaction shining inside of him. He obtains a great pleasure from studying. He is responsible, and this feature will be of essenti al importance for him in future. He can serve as an example to many adults who are not always as responsible as this student. This student demonstrates essential academic success and can be awarded with the Student of the Year due to his "professional" (me aning studying) and personal qualities. He is caring, demonstrates friendly attitudes to other students and always strives to help others. This is a sign of the outstanding person. He has friendly relationships with his peers and respects elder people. Various people in his surroundings characterize this student as very pleasant, caring and attentive person. As a teacher I can emphasize character features which are especially important for studying: his strength of will and diligence. He always tries hard , works a lot and never gives up. He is really strong individuality. Such students are the dream of any teacher. Aristotle stated, "we are what we repeatedly do. xcellence, therefore, is not an act but a habit". I completely agree with this saying and emp hasize that this student is habitually excellent. He does not strive for recognition; he focuses on the real and true values and contributions he can make. He is a citizen and I am sure he will benefit our society with his qualities and achievements. I am honored to have such wonderful student in my class. I am sure he will serve as positive example to his classmates. His strength, aspirations, and enthusiasm will benefit his future studying and career. I am grateful to the family which has raised such ou tstanding student. To conclude, I want to mention the words of famous scientist Albert instein, who said, "Try not to become a man of success but a man of value". It does not matter what is your position in the society and how many regalia do you have. Th e most important is to be someone who brings quality to society, who contributes his efforts, skills and knowledge to improve one's life and the lives of other people. I am sure this student will strive for bringing true value and that's why I believe he is worthy of the award the Student of the Year.
Speech is the vocalized form of human communication. It is based upon the syntactic combination of lexicals and names that are drawn from very large (usually >10,000 different words) vocabularies. ach spoken word is created out of the phonetic combination of a limited set of vowel and consonant speech sound units. These vocabularies, the syntax which structures them, and their set of speech sound units, differ creating the existence of many thousands of different types of mutually unintelligible human languages. Human speakers (polyglots) are often able to communicate in two or more of them. The vocal abilities that enable humans to produce speech also provide humans with the ability t o sing. A gestural form of human communication exists for the deaf in the form of sign language. Speech in some cultures has become the basis of a written language, often one that differs in its vocabulary, syntax and phonetics from its associated spoken one, a situation called diglossia. Speech in addition to its use in communication, it is suggest ed by some psychologists such as Vygotsky is internally used by mental processes to enhance and organize cognition in the form of an interior monologue. Speech is researched in t erms of the speech production and speech perception of the sounds used in spoken language. Other research topics concern speech repetition, the ability to map heard spoken words into the vocalizations needed to recreated that plays a key role in the vocabulary expansion in children and speech errors. Several academic disciplines study these including acoustics, psychology, speech pathology, linguistics, cognitive science, communication studies, otolaryngology and computer science. Another area of research is how the human brain in its different areas such as the Broca's area and Wernicke's area underlies speech. It is controversial how far human speech is unique in that other animals also communicate with vocalizations. While none in the wild have compatibly large vocabularies, research upon the nonverbal abilities of language trained apes such as Washoe and Kanzi raises the possibility that they might have these capabilities. The origins of speech are unknown and subject to much debate and speculation.
Layout Speech Chartres, our second stop in France Chartres, our second stop in France Dear friends! Although we are still at home, we continue getting ready for our tour overseas. Last time we discussed our first stop in Paris. oday, we are discussing our second stop in France, the Chartres Cathedral. his is a masterpiece of medieval architecture, wi th a troubled history of destruction caused by fire in 743, 1020, 1134, 1194, and 1836. However, many elements from the Roman church are still visible. When you visit such historical landmarks, you get so impressed that pay no attention to detail. I want you to discover the cathedral for yourself. But we will prepare beforehand for viewing the Southern portal. It will help you better understand the philosophy of this cathedral's construction. It may seem to you that the Northern Portal and the Southern P ortal have much in common. Yet, it's far from that. he Southern portal is characterized by its bare style, although at first sight it would seem to you that it is similar to the Northern Portal. Let's have a look at the windows and the rose window of the facade. Unlike the Northern Portal that has a large stained glass window, the windows of the Southern Portal are barely decorated. he Southern Portal glorifies Jesus Christ. You can see Christ on the pier of the central door. On both sides of the door stand Apostles and St. Paul. While the Northern Portal narrates how the world was created and celebrates the Holy Virgin, the Southern Portal glorifies the martyrs of Christian Church. heir names are connected with the history of Roman Catholicism. On the left side of the door near the belfry you will see St. Laurent, St. Clement, St. Etienne, and St. aurice, and on the right, in knights' costume you will see St. Denis, St. Piat, and St. Georges. In the tympanum you will recognize Christ as the Supreme artyr. he door on the apse glorifies the famous confessors St. Nicolas, St. Ambrose, St. Leon, St. artin, St. Jerome, and St. Gregory I. Ambrose lived in the 4th century. He played an outstanding role in converting St. Augustine, to Christianity. He w as the friend of Augustine's mother onica. St. artin, who also lived in the 4th century, is the patron saint of France. He established monasticism in Gaul. He was one of the few who had experienced a vision of Jesus Christ. he last I've mentioned was Gr egory the Great, the last of the four original Doctors of the Church. He sent missionaries to England at the end of the 6th century to convert it to Christianity. Episodes of St. artin's life you will see in the tympanum. On the vaults of the porch arches you will see patriarchs and prophets, in the very center, the virgins on the belfry side, and apostles near the apse. Pay special attention to the lower part of the old belfry. Here, you can see the Angel holding the Dial and the Donkey playing the hurdy
Motivational Speech: Learn Ukrainian! Do you know the second most melodious language of the world? Most of you can fluently speak French and a couple of other European languages. So, whenever the question arises about the melodious language, we eagerly switch to the renowned language of Baudelaire, Verlaine and Rimbaud. But do you know the second most tuneful language which is frequently compared to the song of a nightingale and the rustle of wind in the grove? Do you know what language is spoken in the geographical center of Europe and where is it situated)? Can you guess what the meaning of words "palianitsia" and "bereza" is? Have you ever tasted "deruny" or "chanaha"? Finally, would you like to read the enchanting verses by great Romantic poet in ori ginal? I won't torture your curiosity by asking more questions. hose who are interested will find out the answers in the course of Ukrainian language. For the song of a nightingale and the wind in the leaves associated with Ukrainian language, geographi cal center of Europe is located in Cherkassy, 200 km far from Ukrainian capital Kyiv... Remaining answers are reserved for those who will now write down their surnames on the sheet of paper and start learning this fascinating East Slavonic language. My personal experience in learning and teaching shows that such decision has never been a disappointment, during my whole 10 year long lecturing experience. his language is difficult for foreigners due to complex grammar, but upon mastering it you will be able to enjoy using words that contain music in themselves. You will be able to read poems by aras Shevchenko or master any other language from the Slavonic linguistic group. As for the practical benefits, I think it's enough to mention that Ukrainian Diaspora in Canada includes up to 1 million people; as for more local perspectives, the University of oronto is maintaining long time friendly relationships with Kyiv Mohyla Academy, and enthusiasts are always welcome for an amicable sight seeing tour, academic research or even recruitment as a lecturer. Evidently, fluent Ukrainian is highly desirable in this case. My offer is quite challenging, for only learning Ukrainian is a tough, although worthwhile experience. Only the most motivated and the most hard working can accept this challenge. But let me assure you that those who will give a try will find out that the "journey itself is the reward" 3). Brave hearts, come to the front desk right now and enter you surname into the list and see you next hursday at 8 30. As for the other students, let me thank you for your attention. Good bye!
Motivational Speech: Share and You'll Succeed Dear Ladies and Gentlemen: members of university administration and faculty, scholarship donors and recipients, families! It is a great pleasure for me to greet you here today. First of all, let me introduce myself. Some of you already know me; some of you can only imagine who this person is. Well, I used to be a student. I graduated from this university ten years ago. I succeeded in my academic years, and I was a recipient of a scholarship. hose days I was like a duck to water within the walls of my alma mater. oday, I feel a little bit like a bull in a china shop, but I hope you'll understand my excitement. onight is a special evening for me. onight I want to express my deepest gratitude to this university which made me the person I am now. hough li ke any person I would like to believe that I am special and gifted by myself, I cannot underestimate the role of the university in my formation as individuality. It is here that I understood the value of academic success and the importance of one's skills development. he university years were an essential part of my life: they taught me to be a social and sociable individual who can speak the same language with different people. I found a lot of friends, and we continue to support relations even a decade a fter graduation. Communicating with them, I see that my success in life is not accidental the majority of my friends have also succeeded. I'm inclined to think of the common denominator such as university which faceted us like diamonds without false mod esty). I think that independency today play an outstanding role in the life of any person. We all want to demonstrate our independency and freedom. We want others to honor us and we want to be honored for our own achievements. However, university plays an outstanding role in the formation of a personality. Even self -made people cannot reject the importance of their university days and their influence on their lives. As for me, I came here as a freshman more than ten years ago and like the majority of freshm en I was full of ideas, aspirations and«fear. I wanted to contribute my talents and gifts to the academic community. I wanted to become the part of this friendly and favorable environment. Certainly, it was not so easy, and I had to apply certain strategies for my integration into this community. But the presence of clear mind, proper qualities and university faculty allowed me to do so. I succeeded; I received the scholarship while attending the university. It was my merit as well as the merit of my academ ic advisor and the merit of the university, because I wouldn't be so successful in the absence of that special environment. After graduation, I became a scholarship donor. And here is my appeal to you, today's scholarship recipients and future scholarshi p donors: be open and responsive. Be team players! Remember that you should participate in the lives of other people, because your help may become crucial for the success of another person. his is like a relay race - you should pass the baton, and then your team will win. Otherwise, you will be standing alone in the center of the playing field with that baton. Will it be beneficial for you? Will you feel yourself a winner? I really doubt it. So, pass the baton after your graduation, that is, let others fee l that excitement like you do now. Be responsive and open: we all live in the world, where all resources go round. You can't just accumulate them for yourself; you should share them with others. he more you give, the more you receive. I want to assure you that this proverb is completely true. hough I was very happy and proud of myself when I received the scholarship, I cannot express my pride and happiness today, when I am a donor of scholarship. his feeling is much deeper because it
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Narrative Speech - Death in the Mountains Notes: 1. I have carefully selected the story: I hear this story from one of the mountaineers. It attracted me because of its possible connection with Unknown Flying Objects. 2. The material gathered: personal talk to the persons who collect stories about people found dead in a strange way in the mountains. 3. The point I want to make: mountains are haunted by spirits whose solitude must be respected by any intruders. 4. My most wanted response: People never sei ze an opportunity to conquer the mountains. I want my audience to remember that any exploration of our planet earth is dangerous because many secrets are still unknown. I would like to concentrate on the hypothesis: the disaster may be assigned to supernatural sources but in fact it could have been explained in a simple way. However, witnesses tend to disappear; secret files may be destroyed, as well. 5. Purpose: to narrate a story that may find responses in the audience. Goal: people become victims of their own disbelief in supernatural forces. Lesson: the world is full of dangers but we are eager to explore and conquer it. Plot: a story of a group of mountaineers found dead on the slope of the mountain fifty years ago, no explanation is available. 6. Developing the action and drama to visualize the plot: it was an open secret that the mountain spirits would kill any group that contains nine mountaineers. 7. A story sequence: Introduction: who? Nine mountaineers in their early twenties; where? In the Altai Mountains; when? In February 1959; Conflict: between mountaineers and nature; Unfolding of the plot: at first they were on the safe side because they were ten; then one of them fell ill, nine people went to the mountains; Climax: the movement of the fri ghtened mountaineers to the tent; Denouement: the cause of deaths is still unknown. I will pay attention to the eye contact with my listeners when delivering the narrative speech.
Death in the Mountains It was many years ago, namely fifty years has alr eady passed, for the disaster I am going to talk about took place at the beginning of February in 1959. It's a true story, for I heard it from a person who used to be a mountaineer himself and who collected stories of failure from all over the world. All of them were experienced mountaineers, despite their young age - they were in the early twenties. hey wanted to conquer a mountain in the Altai which had quite a bad reputation. he locals believed that that mountain hated the number nine: so mountaineer s tried to safely calculate the number of participants. Dyatlov's group consisted of ten mountaineers, as they might have been prejudiced as well to be on the safe side. hey were eight young men and two young women. hey arrived at the top of the mountain in high spirits, well equipped, in perfect
New Year Speech Dear colleagues and guests! It's time we said goodbye to the year of 2008 that very soon will become our history. But before we greet the year of 2009, I would like all of us to recall our achievements, of which many will contribute to our sustained business growth. We are a small branch of a huge pharmaceutical company. We are only five years old. Most of us pioneered new attitudes to healthcare in this country. he secret of our branch's success is our focus on people and values. We depend on employersponsored insurance and state-run Medicaid programs for much of our revenues. Due to the new state-run programs launched in 2008, we were able to lower the price of drugs and deliver high quality products. Our market share has increased, although we are still less competitive than J & J. Our goal is to sell locally produced drugs to provide our consumers with cheaper analogues of costly foreign drugs. he support of our government, despite the financial crisis, helps us achieve this goal in the nearest future. I am happy to say that we are well positioned for the future. We are planning to open a new drugstore in the north of the country. We are planning to promote a new drug that will help those who suffer from high blood p ressure. We are launching a new anti-pain program. We are extending our presence in the south of the country. I am sure we will continue seizing all competitive advantages of our focus on domestically produced drugs. hese drugs are much cheaper and n ot less effective than the ones advertised by our chief competitor, J & J. As the standards of life are not expected to be high in 2009, the development of our home pharmaceutical industry is one of the urgent problems. We are ready to cooperate with our government and we hope to arrive at mutual understanding. I love being here tonight, with your families sharing our success. I want to thank all of you, dear guests, for your support. It is so meaningful to us because in business we depend on many fa ctors.
Persuasive Speech: Career objectives Dear students, where are you going to be in five years? What will you be doing from 9 till 6 every day? In what sphere will you work? In other words, what are your career objectives? Some of you must be thinking that the third year of studies is yet too early to ask such questions. Let me assure you that it is high time to dec ide upon this issue. In fact, as my 7 year-long experience as HR-manager shows, there are only two alternatives. Either you think about your career beforehand - now! - or you graduate in two years with an empty track record, and cling to the very first j ob available with the highest salary. "Not bad at all", some of you might think. Still, believe me that you will soon get bored, for money is not the sense of life. When you hate what you do every day for eight hours, when you go to work only to receive your monthly salary - your life is not complete to say the least. I like the quotation by Elizabeth Kubler Ross who said that "people are like stained -glass windows. hey sparkle and shine when the sun is out, but when the darkness sets in, their true beauty is revealed only if there is a light from within" 3). he source of this inner light is love for everything that surrounds you - your family in the first place, but also your work! It should give you delight, ensure your professional and personal growth and provide you with a sense of achievement and importance of what you do. rust my experience: such people rarely get bored with their work in the course of years and are much happier than disillusioned money -earners. he most difficult thing here is to find the right kind of job. Every person is unique and is best suited to a particular sphere or position. You will never know which exactly is perfect for you until you try. In two years you will graduate the Linguistic department. Where will you go when the diploma is in your pocket? he earlier you start searching, the sooner you will know the answer. Some of you will pursue the direct specialization and work as translators, interpreters or language teachers. Others will plunge into a neighboring sphere and will carve out a career in the tourist business, management etc. Whatever sphere you choose, it should be your cup of tea, not just means to earn your living or beguile eight hours of your day. I call upon you to assume an active attitude to you career, and investigate the possible fields of interest right now, while you still have time to be mistaken and opportunity to work part -time. wo years is the term long enough to understand what you actually expect from your job and find at least the direction of your path. You will know the practical advantages of a definite job - and its drawbacks as well. he more you do now, the less confusion you'll feel when the university door is flung open and you are welcome to go - but where? Even small working experie nce will help you to answer this question and find your true self by becoming a skilled professional. According to my deepest conviction, happy person is the person who always brings his own sunshine, wherever he goes and whatever the weather 3). Hope t o see these sparks in you in two years by the time of your graduation. hank you.
Persuasive Speech: Global warming is real/not real Global warming has become a household term. You may believe that it is real or you may have doubts. In both cases you will be victimized by the myth of a melting, expanding heat -breathing monster mocking at you from inside the ozone hole in the dense smog of greenhouse gases. You put on a mask to take a breath of oxygen and keep indoors not to be air polluted. You are sweating because of your green principle not to switch on an air conditioner during the heatwave. Your head is stuck with global warming horr ors of Steven King's kind. We used to talk about weather to fill in gaps in our conversations. Now, we get used to talking about global warming. I have read the reports on global warming that leave no doubt: yes, global warming exists; yes, global warming is accelerating; yes, temperatures rise, so you may spend less on warm clothes; yes, it is globally inevitable. I trust all this because I am a consumer of this information which may be truthful or may be something else. Global warming may not be real. It is the product of research institutions that are interested in huge investments. What is called global warming is, in fact, our inability to listen to the nature that negatively responds to our careless intrusion and exploitation. Have you ever connected snow in Africa, like last summer's exotic experience, with global warming? It is not known how much of global warming is produced by industrial practices and how much of it is natural. hey say it is cost-effective to fight against global warming now, wit hin a framework of a capand-trade system, pioneering a new carbon economy, in order to reduce heat -trapping emissions. heir voices in the wilderness frighten us with the predictions of Cassandra's type: the retreat of glaciers is dramatic, and the homes of up to 88 million people may have been flooded by the 2080s. It may be so, but we are adapting to cool summers and warmer winters, as well as we are adapting to technological advances. When one problem becomes of general concern, something else is missing. What about wastes, environmentally abusive profiteering, current global economic and financial crises? Isn't "global warming" our inability to unite our efforts, to learn how to live globally in peace with our own selves and our natural surroundings? Wh at happened to our dichotomous thinking that celebrates the extremes, all these "either « or", instead of arriving at one global strategy, global cooperation? hey say that global warming is caused by higher concentration of water vapor in the atmosphere. oday's CO2 levels are 25 percent more than over the past 650, 000 years. So CO2 emissions must be reduced. But we used to have periods of higher average temperatures. Besides, these emissions nay stimulate crop growth. What is more, it is reported that t he Arctic is warming 2 or 3 times faster than other ecosystems. he ice in Greenland is disappearing. But another trend, expanding glaciers in Norway, Iceland, and New Zealand are simply underestimated. I have to live with the concept of global warming, which is thrust on me. I consider buying a new set of clothes, for I am not sure whether the coming summer would not surprise me with unusually cool mornings. I am changing together with my thoughts adapting to our global inability to change without declaring. Are we not living in the time of change? Conclusion: I do not think in terms whether global warming is real or unreal. I am living in
Persuasive Speech: Human cloning moral?) Human cloning involves many social, moral, and ethical considerations. It may be useful to experiment with goat, pig, deer, rabbit, rat, cat, mule, and horse clones, but the scenario of human cloning chills my enthusiasm. I would like to state my position: no to commercialized human cloning, we have made enough mistakes, and I am personally not ready for such trials of my humanity. Human cloning is perverse, abnormal, unhealthy and unnecessary. It is an unjustifiable waste of human and material resources. I am happy that cloning efforts have statistically high failure rates. he more failures, the less attractive the idea may be to those who want to be Nobel Prize winners. As for me, human cloning is similar to n uclear weapons, dangerous in the hands of potential terrorist clones. Human cloning is a controversial issue that is becoming one of the hot debatable subjects. I have studied websites to find out what people think of a designer human being. he opinions a re divided. Some people are for human cloning as an emotional compensation for our lives' naturally ending in deaths; others are horrified with this unhealthy idea. Would you support the idea of cloning yourself? Why are investors moving away from human cloning? California was the first state to ban reproductive cloning. Arkansas, Connecticut, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Rhode Island, and some others followed it. Arizona and Missouri have restrictions on the use of public funds for c loning. Maryland prohibits the used of state stem cell research funds for reproductive cloning. Several states ban therapeutic cloning and cloning for research purposes. Virginia prohibits the possession of the product of human cloning. Human cloning is not clearly defined as a human being. It is a created human life whose nucleus was transferred from a human cell. his unclear definition is purposeful, since it does not say directly whether a human clone is like us or not. I do not know why, but for me hu man cloning is associated with another creature of the same kind that would completely lack morality and ethics. I will sign up for an anti-human-cloning campaign. But the more I think about my growing old, the more doubts I have. Who wants to lose a pro mised paradise of eternal, even clone -like existence, without thorough considerations? I am not sure, whether I have enough strength for that.
Retirement/Farewell Speech Welcome, everyone, to this very special occasion. And a bitter-sweet occasion it is to us. It's very sad to be saying goodbye to Mrs. Jane Smith who is closing twenty years of military service. In 1995, she was one of 1, 200 American women deployed to Haiti for peacekeeping duties. She successfully fulfilled her mission. For twenty years, she has had the privilege of serving our great nation with duty, honor, courage, commitment, vision, tenacity , and spirit that all of us, her male and female colleagues, value so much. She has served our country with distinction. She pursued the career and lifestyle of the military, making them the main meaning in her life. As you know, the official history of American women in the military began over a century ago. In the late 1980s, when Jane began her military career, the percentage of women in the military was quite small, especially in the navy. In many ways, women who wanted to be in the Navy were discriminated. hey were not considered to be strong enough to serve equally with men. his view has changed since then. I am proud to say that two million women have served our country. Of the 540, 000 Americans who served in the Desert Storm operation, nearly 41 , 000 percent were women. It was the largest wartime deployment of American military women in history. Women in the military have great achievements. Nobody doubts that they are playing an important role in peacekeeping missions. oday, women make up 15 percent of enlisted each year. When Jane began her military career, very few women were prepared to stubbornly move from our profession's periphery towards its heart. It was very hard, for we, men, dominated in the military and were not ready for any female competition. We thought that girls in the military would give up, unable to be qualified as our equals. But the more they trained and the more they buried their heads over textbooks, the more admirable they became to us. hey taught us, with all persuasio n and overwhelming willingness to serve our country, to pursue long -term goals, and, despite hardships and obstacles, realize them. When we were together in the Naval School, we failed to see competitors in women in the military. Now, due to such women as Jane, our predominantly male service has been changed. Jane has succeeded in doing her military duty, and she was several times awarded for her excellent military service. It is almost incredible to believe that she is Mom to these two boys, her sons, who want to follow in their Mom's footsteps and continue the family tradition in the military. Sleepless nights, far away from her sons, never did Jane complain, never did she show how hard it was to be at the head of a single household and in the military. More than that, she always helped us, men, to overcome separation from our families, with her own example. At the rare moments off our duty, she found warm words that strengthened us. She became our friend with whom we were able to share happiness and trou bles. She has become a valuable asset to our military team, qualified, reliable, trustful, understanding, and brave.
Student Council Speech: Student Council Candidate's Speech Hello. My name is George Robins, and I am the candidate for the Student Council Representative. Last year members of the Student Council did a great job by adjusting the academic schedule to our needs, organizing the clubs of national minority students and improving the living conditions in the hostel. However, I think that the Council needs some refreshment - new representatives are to come in and reinforce the experience of the old ones by their enthusiasm. In my opinion, this new approach can be demonstr ated by first-year students. I was authorized by the freshmen of our university to run for the student council representative. I guess they chose me because I was previously involved in high school council and afterwards spent one year participating in t he Freedom Support Act project for future leaders. One of my achievements was the ban of the compensation system on PT lessons, so that our students didn't have to make up for the lessons when they were ill or absent. To tell the truth, this "political" and leadership experience only stirred up my thirst for making the world a better place by showing the ways to do it. For example, our university is a wonderful place to study at, but still it needs some improvement: those who ride to the university by bic ycle or on roller-skate would benefit, if the car movement were restricted on the campus territory. Those who live in the hostel would find their life easier, had there been a special bus connecting the hostel and the campus, so that they won't have to tra vel by two means of transport twice a day. The senior students would have more time for finding a proper job, had their academic periods been scheduled for two days instead of five. To put it in a nutshell, there is a thousand other trifles that would make our university a sophisticated and comfortable place to study in. The slogan for my election campaign is "FR SHMAN FOR R FR SHM NT", and as a representative of first-year students I come out for bringing new energy and new enthusiasm to the student council. I am not going to convince you that I am the very best candidate for this position. I am only 18; I have quite a modest track record in the school council and participating in the cultural exchange programme for future leaders. I lack experience, but it is compensated by zeal, an unprejudiced new approach to old things. Furthermore, I am ready to work with gusto for your benefit. But I am not ambitious, and do not strive for authority for the sake of authority. If you elect another candidate, I will si ncerely wish him all of successes in improvement of our students' life for the better - and continue my own struggle. But if you empower me with your confidence, I will do everything but the impossible to represent your interests and achieve our common goals and ideals. I am sure that our aims coincide - we are all here to obtain education that will teach us how to make the world a slightly better place. If you empower me with your trust, we will start from solving local problems and making our university a little better place. Thank you very much for your attention.
Stud nt oun il Sp
ily ultural rtifact
ar fri nd , I ant to t ll you about th cultural artifact hich has b n in y family for many d cad s. his is th cushion ith th hand -mad cross-stitch. I b li v it is a mast rpi ce, because it is the complex ork hich depicts the fairy ood ith a glade and a house on it. I have chosen this artifact because I believe that the best human memory about family values and past days is kept due to the photographs and such sweet things. o my mind, every family should have some kind of cultural artifact to have the symbol of family relations and those roots which help us overcome difficulties and cope with challenges. his cushion was embroidered by my grand -grandmother. I remember her sitting in the garden and embroidering. She was a wonderful person who lived long and interesting life full of challenges. For me, she was the wisest person in the world and I listened attentively to each her word. She taught me that though fairy tales are unreal by definition, we should strive to make our lives better, at least partially similar to a tale. his cushion is the symbol of home warmth, family love and care, and other precious values which make our lives happier. It is kept like a relic. y mother told me that first it was just a wonderful cushion of great va lue because of hand-made embroidery, but after the death of my grand -grandmother it became priceless. y grandmother took it as memory, and also it was decided that this cushion will be descended by female line. So, later it will be kept in the house of my mother. I believe that such cultural artifacts are important for any person, because they remind us of who we are, where we are from and what are our strengths. Looking at this cushion I remember the days of my childhood, but also I remember who I am no w and what I am striving for. our family supports you , this cushion whispers, e brave and strong . I now and I am. I wish everybody to have such symbol of family relationships.
Team Speech Person 1: With deepest appreciation we accept this honor to speak on behalf of our team that has successfully fulfilled a two -year project. Person 2: I would like to thank our CEO Mr. Jonathan Brown for his support during these two hard years. I hope that our team has lived up to your expectations. Person 1: We have shown that we can manage our team business for the long term. It is a great pleasure to know that all our efforts were not in vain. We have hopes of a new marketer's agreement that will position us well in future. Person 2: Our team performance in 2007 -2008 is evidence of sustained profitable growth. Person 1: I agree that we have worked as reliable team members, full of ideas that we wanted to realize by combined efforts. Person 2: While working on the project, many of us enhanced our leadership skills. We all remember how important was Jack Stevens' decision to introduce imp rovements in the equipment that increased our revenues. Thank you, Jack, for your bravery and talents. Your contribution was invaluable. Mary Stone began work in our team just before we had started the project. We even argued a lot whether she would be abl e to become an asset to our team or not. We confided in her. Today, she has proved to be one of the most devoted team members. Mary wants to continue her studies at university. We are all supporting her and wish her all the best. Mike Stuart, Rod White, Brian Gascoigne - I thank you all for long hours spent together, for devotion to our team work, for your generosity in sharing your skills with younger members of the team. It was a great pleasure to work with you. I am pleased to announce that Brian has bee n promoted to the post of senior engineer: so much his participation in the project was appraised by the board of directors. Person 1: I thank all our team members for your business and express sincere appreciation for the pleasant association I enjoy with you. Person 2: Our team has actively participated in the company's innovative projects. Innovative product planning and the attainment of manufacturing excellence are a corporate commitment of the highest priority. You may be assured of our continuing dedication with the purpose of achieving the best quality and performance. I am sure that now we have a much better understanding of the secrets of team work. Person 1: The success of the project would not have been possible without valued support of the whole company. We felt your confidence in us, and we had been working hard to realize your hopes. We felt how important this professional growth was to us, how much it would mean to each of us personally. Person 2: I have mixed feelings, to tell the trut h. On the one hand, the project is over and, the task fulfilled, our team may also become a history. On the other hand, we're planning a new
Thank You Speech: Word of Gratitude to the Patron Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen, As the Deputy Head of the University of Toronto library I am honored to thank the British Council for this remarkable gift. The complete collection of the Millennium library that was presented to us today includes the classics of uropean and world literat ure: from Marcus Aurelius to James Joyce, from Homer to Tony Morrison, from Dostoevsky and Solzhenitsyn to Junichiro Tanizaki. Undoubtedly, it will be of great use to the students of the humanitarian departments in their professional studies of nglish lan guage and literature - and you can imagine the impatient anticipation that the news of this gift rose in folks from Linguistics and Literature Departments of our university. This collection of the Millennium library will also be a bounty for those who re ad nglishlanguage fiction for pleasure. Being an avid reader myself, I couldn't help thumbing through my favorite Dickens and greatly enjoyed the hard -back book-jacket, the fine paper and the respectable design of the series - any book-lover, I am sure, will share my thrill. On a wider scale, on behalf of the University administration and the library's readership I would like to highlight that we highly appreciate these educational initiatives of the British Council aimed at getting the Ukrainian students acquainted with the British and world culture. The today's gift is a valuable contribution to the knowledge fund of our University that will help to rise (and satisfy) our students' thirst for the finest books of the past millennium. Reading and re reading the canonical texts of world literature is a must for educating young energetic intellectuals, whom our country direly needs now. Thank you again and let me ensure you that this Millennium library collection will be in reliable hands and will be used for the utmost benefit of our university readership.
Thank You Speech: Love and Gratitude My dearest family and friends, it is difficult to express my gratitude and love to you all. You know this saying, "a dog wags its tail with its heart" - well, I am like that dog today. I want to say so much, but I can hardly find the words. So, I'll just s ay that you are the greatest blessing in my life. This evening is the expression of your love to me, I realize this, but also it is the event when I see all of you gathered in the same place. So, I gotcha Now you think you'll have to listen to my long and boring confessions«Well, you are right. I'll try to make them shorter and funnier, but they still remain long and boring. So, listen to me«Thank you Thank you for being with me all that difficult time. You support and understanding gave me the strength t o continue fighting. Without you I would give up. But then you would come or call and I would remember why I am so in love with this wonderful life - because of you. You are my world, and I am sincerely grateful to God for giving me such loving family and caring friends. Your support was crucial for me this year, when I achieved much due to your help: I graduated my true passion Nursing school. I can't wait when I can apply my skills and knowledge into practice. Love and gratitude - this is what I feel standing now in front of you. Love and gratitude - these are the best emotions one can imagine. I am happy to love you and to be grateful to you. I know that you love me too, but it is by mistake. You think I am an ideal: perfect mother, noble friend, lofty relative - you are wrong I have to work much on myself I am not a leopard which never changes its stripes, so I would like to assure you that my goal in life is to become as wonderful as you think I am. As far as this goal attainment requires much effo rt, skills and time, I hope that you'll help me in it, as always. Just like all girls I dreamt of many things, people and event in my childhood, but I couldn't even imagine that some day I would have such wonderful friends and family. I deeply appreciate your support. Thank you for being with me and Tom. In the end, I want to cite you a poem (not mine, by Richard McWilliam): What is a dream? What is a dream? A dream is a goal, An inspiration, A dream is where Hope lives, A dream is something to chase when life drags us down, A dream is a song in the wilderness, Good flowering from the mud of evil. That is a dream. Get yourself a dream, Touch God and pray And never, ever let your dream get away. With you, my dearest, my dream is always near. Thank you ver y much.
Wedding Speech: Father of the Bride Speech Ladies and gentlemen, family and friends, good evening. First of all let me welcome all the guests and say thank you to all of you for being with us today and making the atmosphere of the wedding party so warm and cozy. We are happy to share this holiday with family members and relatives from both sides. Especi ally welcome are those who traveled a long way to come here. To confess, throughout the day I have been looking at my daughter in the wedding gown, so beautiful, solemn and brimming with happiness - like a tender white lilac on a spring morning and I still couldn't believe my eyes. It seems to me that just an instant ago my future wife and I were standing at this altar and sealing our marriage with a kiss and now the finest outcome of our marriage, our daughter, that cute blue -eyed tot, has grown up and said two simple words "I do" to create her own family. During today's wedding ceremony I recalled a thousand little details about her. Some of you know Donna as a talented web-designer; for others she is a devoted tennis player; many of us know her as a faithful friend. For me, ladies and gentlemen, she was and is and will be a little girl with funny plaits and surprised blue eyes, as big as a plate. I remember the day when she was born: a bright April morning with red tulips blossoming at the flower -beds by the maternity hospital; it was one of the happiest days of my newly -baked father's life. I remember her first school days, when she filled her exercise -books with fancy hieroglyphs instead of letters. Well, when her plaits and surprised glance are gon e, at least one thing hasn't changed: her handwriting, which I still can't decode. I recall her drowsing on my lap, while I read her the fairy -tales about charmed princesses. Today she looks like a fairy princess, and I believe she has at last found her prince and they will live happily ever after for true marriage means that you want to spend the rest of your life with somebody - and you want the rest of your life to start as soon as possible 1). I am very happy for Donna and Roderick, and I am sure t hey are a perfect match, for they fit each other as two pieces of a puzzle that God must have scattered on the Earth in the ancient times. Dear Donna and dear Roderick, I won't bore you with lengthy pieces of paternal advice regarding marriage and life together - this world is entirely yours, and it is only you two who will determine its rules. I am sure that you will build a reliable family hearth, a cozy nook where you will feel at your ease and which will give you strength to withstand the storms and c hallenges of life. On this way, let me only wish you tolerance and love. As one wise man once said, "a successful marriage requires falling in love many times, always with the same person" 1). Finally, I will share with you a quotation that guided me th rough my marriage - not a single day of these 31 years I regret. It is taken from the Bible and says that "Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is not self -seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. It
Wedding Speech: Groom Speech Dear family and guests, my wife and I are glad to welcome all of you at the party. We would like to express our gratitude to friends and family members from both sides who helped to prepare and arrange this great day and contributed to the feeling of a fairy -tale my wife and I have enjoyed since early morning. We are also thankful for the beautiful, useful and witty wedding presents, and above all for your attention and sin cere wishes. I'd like to say thank you to the bride's father, Mike, for proposing the toast and arranging the wedding banquet. Above all I appreciate Julia's mother and father for raising such a wonderful daughter, whom I am so proud to call my wife. Mik e and Sofia, I appreciate that you have entrusted your daughter to me and I will do my best to take care of her. We have been together for some years already, and she has invariably been for me a source of comfort, inner power and inspiration. I remember that after our first date which occurred in high school) I felt that I could move mountains - or fly to the moon and back. It was a stupendous feeling, and as time passed I grew to appreciate mere Julia's presence by my side, not to mention her constant su pport, love and care. By the way, ladies and gentlemen, I can't but mention that Juliana looks gorgeous today! A few weeks ago I asked Gabriela, the current maid of honour, about how Julia looks in the wedding gown, and she replied that she looked very elegant. However, these words didn't prepare me sufficiently. When I saw her walking to me down the aisle, I felt breathless to say the least by Julia's beauty! My wife is beautiful, kind, caring, hard -working« the list of her advantages is quite lengthy« unfortunately, I can't make out Julia's handwriting - as a web-designer, she must have become more used to a keyboard than to a pen :) Now, when the wedding ceremony is over, I can honestly admit how difficult it was for me to propose to Juliana. Believe me, I had to pluck up all my courage to ask a beautiful young woman to marry me. As Arthur Rubinstein, at that instant I thought that it was much "easier to play the whole Petrushka on the piano" 1) - although I don't play any musical instrument at all. It was almost as difficult as daring to kiss her for the first time. It was, as most of you already know, when we at high school and I took Julia for a walk to the river and then saw her home. It was getting dark, and she was standing on the doorstep saying good-bye. And then I felt that I had to do something extraordinary. So I took a full breath and planted a kiss somewhere in the dusk - as it appeared, I almost spotted Julia's left ear. Of course, the precision of the kiss left much to be desired, but anyway I was not going to be a sniper, but only wanted to kiss the girl I found to be very special for me. From the next day we started to come back from school together, and since then and till the following year my special status was marked by the honourable mission to carry Julia's schoolbag. It took me only seven years since then to understand that I can't live without her, which is not long at all, isn't it? To be serious, I want everybody, especially you, Julia, to know how extremely lucky I am be here right now. I am so lucky to have found Her, the woman who made me dream of waking up together, eating breakfast together, hurrying home in the evening to see her face and chat with her until it was time to fall asleep. It was Julia who made me understand h ow wonderful it may be to dream together, to manage our common household and bring up our children. And thus I
Wedding Speech: Best Man Speech Good evening everybody. For those who don't know me yet I am the groom's best man, and I am here to pay tribute to the best woman Roderick managed to find, to beautiful Donna. When Rick offered me to be his best man, I was first startled, because I thought of those ancient times when best man had to help the groom in kidnapping the bride, and fight off the angry relatives, while the groom galloped away with his lady -love. Well, I thought immediately of fights and pursuits in Hollywood blockbusters, and my "C" for PT in the university. You can imagine how relieved I was to find Donna's relatives to be friendly -looking and pleasant people, and the only peril I detected at this wedd ing party, the gravest danger to all men present here beware!)« is the beauty of the bride, wonderfully complimented by the charm of the bride maids. By the bye, thanks to all the bride -maids who managed to convince the bride to keep to her irrational decision and marry Rick.) Well, when things cleared up for me as the best man, my mission appeared to be quite peaceful... just to ensure that the groom doesn't run away till the end of the party and to deliver a speech to and for the newly-weds. And, of course, TO UNCOVER THE MOST PIQUANT EPISODES OF THE GROOM'S DISSOLUTE LIFE BEFORE HIS MARRIAGE! Ladies and gentlemen, I have known this rogue for some 20 years of his 25 -year-old life. Yeah, we went to the kindergarten together, and in secret) he was a p oor tree-climber, and always seemed more interested in tugging at girls' plaits than in noble male activities. With the advantage of the hindsight, I can guess that even at this young age he started to be looking for his will-be perfect match, which at this time was running about in the same neighborhood wearing plaits and enchanting everybody with big blue eyes. My personal guess -work is that they got acquainted at that time, when Rick was once returning home from the kindergarten, and saw an attractive plait nearby, and couldn't help running and tugging at it. Well, anyway, it took them some ten more years to strike up an acquaintance, and three more years to let it grow from a school romance to a university romance, and one more year to get it into a marr iage and at the beginning of it all there were plaits of a neighborhood girl. After our kindergarten acquaintance I happened to study for the same degree as Rick and as far as I remember he never limited his love interests to Donna only. Being a personal ity open for love, he also took a fancy in a cute blondie called Stella, but after a while his taste changed and he switched to Sherry; afterwards he plunged into short -lived love-affair with Jack Daniels, until he finally made his ultimate choice in Heine ken, and has been drinking it ever after. But however engaged he was in his Stella-Sherry-Jack-Heineken affairs, I remember that Rick never missed a date with Donna. It was then, at the freshman's course that I started to suspect that something is gravely wrong with him. As his old friend, I was so worried that I rummaged through volumes of specialized books until I identified Rick's diagnosis. It was "a wildly misunderstood although highly desirable malfunction of the heart which weakens the brain, causes eyes to sparkle, cheeks to glow, blood pressure to rise and the lips to pucker" 2). I realized that my old chap was head over heels in LOVE with Donna. To be frank, I have always been astonished by my chap's devotion to Donna that has lasted and
Acceptance Speech: Nomination for Mayor's Office Dear townspeople, I am extremely honored to have been selected the mayor of Catsville and to accept the responsibilities that your trust has entitled me to. I am boundlessly grateful to the votes of 66% of the townsfolk who thus empowered me to make the daily life of Catsville better, and I can hardly keep in my impatience to start it. I g uess I'll have to wait at least until the end of the inauguration ceremony to start. Our town requires a lot of improvements. As mentioned in the election campaign, I will direct the attention of the town authorities to the problem of our roads, especial ly the roads to the new southeastern districts of the city (New Hampshire, Pemberley). I used to be at the head of the building corporation "MBuild" that specialized in multistorey housing, and I know at first -hand of the poor state of the highways and roa ds in the location. As a mayor I will do my best to deal with this problem. According to the four -step plan, in three years the south -easterners will have newly-repaired and asphalted roads at their disposal. My second concern will be ensuring the simplification of the credit issue to the young families for house -building. Finally, I also plan to minimize and eradicate red tape in the activities of private entrepreneurs and small companies. Thank you again for your trust in me and my team. Before the symb olical act of handing over the keys from Catsville to me I thought much about the long way we have overcome to be here today. For four years I represented the interests of the Pemberley community at the Catsville town council, until I understood that the difficulties were to be overcome from the top, and only the mayor could attempt to change the situation radically. I am grateful to my supporters for their belief in me that empowered me to be here today and accept the keys from Catsville some ten minutes ago. Let me assure you that in my activities I will be guarded by no other principles than those of the Bible and the Constitution. As far as I can remember in Ancient China the candidates to the post in the town administration were to pass an examination in aesthetics and display their love and understanding of art. Only then could they become high -officials. Well, times have changed, but the humanity has hardly been altered - neither have the universal principles of humanism and morality. In my work as a mayor I pledge to adhere to the Bible and the Constitution, to implement and develop the ideal of freedom to ensure adequate life for townspeople irrespective of their economic, political or social status. I am proud of your trust, Catsville, and I will justify it to the best of my competence and knowledge. Thank you.
Acceptance Speech: Accepting Emerging Leaders TM award Dear ladies and gentlemen! I am deeply honored to have been selected as the laureate to accept the Emerging Leaders TM award. I am one of the managers who have made their marks in Minnesota business. I am sincerely grateful for the recognition from the program sponsored by MDA Leade rship Consulting Featured in the Twin Cities Business Monthly magazine which initiated the whole event. I should admit I was a bit stunned when I learned about my nomination. Without false modesty, I feel that other managers are also worthy of this rewar d. However, I realize that it can't be divided into five, so again I want to express my gratitude to you. I am very pleased to receive this award. I am very pleased also because it was one of my child dreams to stand in front of many people accepting an award recognizing my qualities and achievements. So, today you are present at the fulfillment of my dream. I can't express my excitement and inspiration with this award. Then, in the years of my unclouded childhood I couldn't imagine how interesting my life would be. Of course, I faced a lot of challenges but I succeeded to overcome them and gained outstanding experience. Before entering the business sphere, I served in the U.S. Army. During that time I patrolled the east-west Germanboarder as Cavalry Scout u ntil the wall came down. I also served in Operation Desert Storm. Those days are in the past but something invaluable remains with me. It is my character which was built up then. I had to overcome professional difficulties and personal storms of life, but I succeeded. I started my career as a pressman, and then worked my way to a plant manager that oversees two manufacturing operations. I think this is real success. And today's award is the symbol of that success. I believe that six qualities which brough t me here tonight were gained in the days of my youth. These qualities include professionalism, the demonstration of potential and capacity to grow under corresponding circumstances. I also tried to create the climate in which people are motivated to excel, so that they were engaged into work and contributed their best. Thus, I focused on the teamwork. I taught others to be selfless in achieving goals that will benefit the whole organization, without waiting for reward. But first I demonstrated this on my p ersonal example. I was an intentional learner, who concentrated on self -improvement and encouraged it in others. I taught my employees to be courageous in taking well -reasoned risks and embracing productive conflict, showing good judgment in gathering inpu t and investigating the company's strategic goals. And certainly, I followed my instructions as well. But I should tell you that throughout my life I always meet people who are so inspired, talented or skilled that I can take something from them of course , with their permission). I am always opened to new initiatives, new people, and new cooperation. I think it is the pledge of successful performance today, because the world is changing so rapidly that we can fail to keep abreast. Active position is beneficial today. So, guided by this principle I always take the best qualities of my employees, friends and family, apply them to my professional life and so you can see me here. Of course, it is a joke, but I do learn from my environment. People around are far cleverer than some might think. You only have to listen and watch attentively. I want to express my gratitude to my family, which supported me in all my undertakings, XYZ
Acceptance Speech: Accepting Wo en in Business Awards ear Ladies and entle en, I a greatly honored with this Business award. I was one of any wo en who were no inated for this award, and I can tell that each of the is worthy of this award. I a really excited that I won it and want to thank you for supporting e and trusting y pr ofessional qualities. our support eans a lot to e. It is the recognition of y hard work during ore than twenty years. Today I a a cos etic physician, and I believe that I have followed y vocation. Since y early years I was sure that beauty can save the world. And I a talking now not only about physical beauty, but also about the internal beauty which lights up the person fro within. While the internal beauty is the concern of other specialists, y profession is to help people beco e physically attractive and pleasant. I a sure that a person, and a wo an particularly should be good-looking and attractive - it is our prerogative. My story of success started in with one clinic. Nowadays I have 6 clinics and ore than twenty people working with our clinics today. I a very glad to have those people working for e. They all are outstanding and devoted to our services. I know this because I spend hours with the al ost every day. I a also very grateful to y fa ily, y caring husband and y three wonderful children. I also want to thank y patients who de onstrate e that I have uch to strive for in y profession. I a always glad to help wo en i prove their appearance. I like to see the changes in the when they realize how young and beaut iful they are. I a sure that each of you can say the sa e - we often have that extre ely pleasant feeling of satisfaction fro helping people to i prove the selves. Though we all deal in different spheres, we have on: it is our striving f or better. We want everything around us to be beautiful so ething in co and esthetic. We work on it and we succeed. And I a glad I can say this: It is a great honor for e to stand in front of you, outstanding business wo en who ake the world better. Thank you!
Anniversary Speech Dear guests, thank you for coming to us today to celebrate the 11th anniversary of our marriage. Eleven years ago I asked this woman to marry me and was childishly thrilled to call her my wife for the first time in my life. I can still recall the slightest particulars of that day, up to my astonishment when I saw Helen in the awesome wedding gown going down the aisle. More than a decade is a long period; it makes up almost three presidential terms and three Olympic games. But for me time has elapsed too f ast... they say this always happens when you are happy. I am happy to be still violently in love with my wife and I appreciate all her care and tolerance throughout the years. Of course, I should admit that marrying for love was a reckless thing to do - but as Josh Billings put it, such marriage "is so honest that God can't help but smile on it"(1). Ladies and gentlemen, my wife and I were lucky to be presented with some Lord's graces during this decade - the chief of them is our son, Jim. In these years we've done a lot together. We have built a house and planted a garden; we have climbed the Everest Mountain and tried parachute jumping. But most importantly, we learned to tolerate with each other's habits and traits, to say "sorry" when you are wrong and "I love you" on all other occasions. We learned to cherish every evening spent with the family - even if it means doing nothing special, just sitting on the sofa and trying to read a newspaper, while Jim is rushing about the room imitating the sound of th e helicopter's engines. We learned being happy with what we have - and we have a family, a son and you, our good old friends. Of course, there were some ups and downs - but I must confess that the former greatly outnumbered the latter. Like a good wine, a good relationship becomes better and better with every passing year. It worked for our marriage and still makes my wife and me happy. Today I am offering to raise our glasses for love, the cornerstone of any household, and hope to see you at our silver wedding party. Bottoms up!
Birthday Speech: Best Friend's Birthday ello everybody, let me grab a handful of minutes of your attention and congratulate our newly-born", atalie, on her 26th birthday, and wish her a couple of things. ell, to be frank, I am very glad to be here today and to see her celebrate her birthday surrounded by fr iends and close people. I have known atalie since our freshman times in lasgow niversity and it is a pleasure for me to note that she hasn't changed a bit in five years, and is still a cheerful energi er of all our student now graduate) parties and t he soul of the company - I always wondered how she contrived to find time for everything, and always came with her home assignment ready even after our student carousals late into the night. Besides the evident advantage of having her homework always done, atalie has always been - and is - a good mixer ready to listen to a problem and offer some advice. ot less outstanding were her academic merits, as this une she graduated with honors, and now works for one of the renowned P -agencies. But first and foremost, atalie is an amazing person, and on her birthday I'd like to wish her simple human happiness. I wish her harmony that comes when all the components of life are balanced: when daily work brings delight and in the evening you hurry back home to be with your family. I wish atalie inner comfort when you know that somewhere near, at the distance of a phone call, there are old friends who care about you and if you feel blue, they will always come to your place with beer and chips to disperse your probl ems with a hearty laugh and recollections of turbulent student days. I wish her a year full of pleasant little trifles and joys that give one strength to make great achievements and reach one's goals. ay atalie's most cherished dreams come true, as we stand up and raise our glasses for her birthday and happiness.
Birthday Speech: My Radiant Mother Dear family and friends! I am happy to see all of you here today. I want to thank you all for coming here. Today is an outstanding event. It is the "25th" birthday of my darling mother. Mommy, you are always young and beautiful so let them talk, and forget the number "50", it has nothing to do with you. Well, I see that my mother has made a lot of friends. And family is also big enough! This is not surprise for me, because mother always attracts people who want to be near her. She is so radiant, have you ever noticed this? I remember, once at night, when I was a child, the electricity in the house cut off because of storm or something. I called my mother, because I was afraid of the lightning. She came to my room with that wonderful expression on her face which I remember even today. It was the mix of love, care and concern for me. You would ask how could I see that? I told you, she is radiant! And, of course, a candle in her hand also played its part. Anyway, I bet that each of you has special stories wh ere my mother is the main character yes, she likes to lead), but now it is my time. Elbert Hubbard told that "In order to have friends, you must first be one". I am not a friend, I am rather a child, but I know that my mother is a true friend. She is responsive and open; she will be glad to help you if it is in her power. Her devotion to other people is outstanding. She increases her joy by giving it. And she becomes more beautiful each day, because as Louisa May Alcott stated, "Love is a great beautifier" . Indeed, and, mother, you don't have to bother because of your wrinkles - they demonstrate how long you have been loving us all and pleasing us with your blessed presence. I am proud of you, my dear mother. In the presence of your family and your friends I would like to express our gratitude to you. We thank you for the years lit up with your presence and loving and caring attitude. We wish you to live many more and thus gladden our hearts and souls. So, I hope in the next 25 years we'll gather again to ce lebrate your "50th" birthday. In the end: recently I found with surprise that Emerson have written about my mother: "To help the young soul, to add energy, inspire hope, and blow the coals into a useful flame; to redeem defeat by new thought and firm action, this, though not easy, is the work of divine man". You are divine, my unique and inimitable mother! To my mother, the one and only!
Birthday Speech: Sweet 16 Birthday y dear daughter! Today is one of the greatest events in your life - your sweet sixteen birthday. ou will remember it as the bright and happy day when you have all your friends beside you. our friends and your family are the most precious things in life but you'll understand this a little bit later when you open your present s). ertainly, it is a joke, but nevertheless the presents are wonderful, you will like them. y darling, I want you to shine with that beautiful smile every day! our kind heart and carting attitude fill my heart with happiness. I'm grateful to my desti ny for having such a wonderful daughter. I wish you to enjoy your life - every day of it, value people around you and strive for your aims achievement. our family is proud of you, because we see your potential and we know that you can do anything you real ly want. But remember that "In between goals is a thing called life, that has to be lived and enjoyed". I wish you to find the golden balance between studying and enjoying your life - both are extremely important. I hope you'll find your way, because to say the truth, "Smartness runs in my family. hen I went to school I was so smart my teacher was in my class for five years". hen I was preparing for exam I knew that 80% of the final exam will be based on the one lecture I missed and the one book I didn't read. That's why I always visited that one lecture and read that one book. But I see that my daughter is much smarter: I don't know her principles, but she studies well. arry on! ne more, if you think that your gift is pedagogy, I want to remind you th at "there are three good reasons to be a teacher - une, uly, and ugust". nyway, I'll accept any choice of profession, because no one knows where one can find her vocation. Some wise man said, "Your talent is od's gift to you. hat you do with it is yo ur gift back to od". I hope you'll realize your gift and return it back to od. Be that shiny and loving person you are now! emember that you always have your family and friends to support you. Be happy and live your life!
Charity Speech Distinguished guests! Ladies and gentlemen! It is my honor to be invited as a speaker in a charity event at this concert hall. It is a great pleasure for me to be here today. I would like to seize the opportunity to congratulate us on launching this outstanding fundraising campaign in which many urban organizations are involved. Our donations in this month have amounted to 50, 000 dollars - the sum that will be transferred to a maternity house in the south of Somalia. On the boards you can see the faces of young mothers in Somalia who need our help. The money will be donated for modern medical equipment. Our goal is to decrease the number of infant deaths in the Somalia town under our sponsorship. To achieve this noble goal, we have organized a charity ball and a charity fair. I am honored to thank all sponsors, organizations and private persons, who care for people in need in the heart of the African continent. We all know that Somalia is in a desperate economic condition, many of its natural resources exhausted and different political groups still tearing the country into separate parts due to their endless conflicts. But common people, victimized by the regime, have a right t o live, to give birth to babies, and to enjoy families with many kids. The women of Somalia, who suffer from malnutrition and hard conditions of life, are brave to have kids. We are proud of their bravery and their will to experience all pleasures of mothe rhood. However, the conditions are grave. Poor medical care, if any, a high rate of infant deaths - one can hardly imagine that all this may be possible in the first decade of the 21st century. We are living in the world that needs great changes. But, as President Obama said, we are responsible for the future of the world as well. Our charity organization has been constantly working on fundraising, much of which is transferred as humanitarian aid. Last month we enjoyed our young models in stylish dresses of their own design - they collected a good sum of money and were so happy to give a helping hand to our African friends. Today, we are often constrained to our own domestic affairs. We think of our own future, with hopes at the time of recession. But when we are in trouble, citizens of a prosperous country people in developing countries suffer from the crisis much, much more. They have to fight for their everyday needs. But they have few resources to struggle against their extreme poverty. The most unprotected circles of African society are kids. Last year we visited a maternity house in Somalia. It frightened us to see how mother and kids suffer. In that hot climate it is very important to fight against infectious diseases. Water supplies are limited, and drinking water is of notorious low quality. We have developed a program "Mom and kid" that will gradually change the situation at least one maternity house for the better. You may be informed on this program on our website.
Christmas Speech Welcome all, on this wonderful occasion: Mom. Dad, Aunt Anne and Uncle Gerard, Laura, Verner, and little Robbie! It's so great to be here, at this Christmas dinner full of delicious things, with the fire burning, the mantelpiece full of Christmas cards, and you, my dearest family, smiling at me. One of pleasures of the Christmas season is the opportunity to extend cordial greetings to all of you whose love and complete devotion I value so highly. Christmas time is my favorite. Although I live away from home, I know that I will leave all my business behind on a Christmas day to be together with you, to be with you, my beloved family. Remember, Laura, how we argued in our childhood that Dad might be putting those stockings under our pillows late at night. I was twelve and Laura ten when we decided to make sure that Santa Claus is imagined. We wanted to see Dad putting his Christmas gifts for us. We decided to doze off in turns. I honestly tried to be awake but it seemed to me that Laura, like all girls, would find out the truth better than me. Well, I don't know how but we missed the moment. In the morning I found a present under my pillow. I bravely came up to Laura's bed and took her Christmas gifts. With the words "It's him, Santa Claus " I rushed into the living-room to see a Christmas tree. In the evening, tired but happy, we talked with Laura. She said, "Nick, what makes you think it was not Dad?" My answer was, "We saw neither Dad nor Santa Claus. Dad knew nothing of our being awaken. So, it was Santa Claus." Mom and Dad! You created the world of wonders to us, your son and daughter. Even if Dad and Santa Claus are the same, that's for the better. Because it's so good to have a Christmas spirit all the year round. This year's Christmas time is very special. I have been promoted to the post of senior manager, and I am grateful to you, my family, because without your support I wouldn't have been able to fight for my future. Now, let's talk of Him whose nativity we are glorifying today. Baby Jesus, when time came, was born, with angels smiling at Him. His mother carefully wrapped her firstborn in cloths and placed Him in a manger. "An Angel of the Lord appeared to [the shepherds], and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. But the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid. I bring good news of great joy that will be for all the people. Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord." Luke 2:9 -11) Each year we celebrate Jesus Chris t's birth, for it has changed the world. We are living in Christ. He is with us when we're happy and when we're sad. He enhances our inner forces and directs us on the path of salvation. When I was a child, I wanted to be like Jesus. I mean, I wanted to h elp other people, I wanted to love neighbor even when I was hurt and offended. Mom and Dad taught Laura and me to be tolerant to the outside world, and, at the same time, not to be separated from it. When we were kids, our Christmas parties were full of ch ildren's voices. Granny was dead at that time. I
Demonstration Speech: Tying a Tie Hello. My name is Brendon Johnson, and I will show you how to tie a tie. At first sight it may seem more complicated and time-consuming than nuclear physics, but as soon as you understand the basics it becomes merely a matter of practice. Believe me, it is much easier than learning to ride a bike or tying a shoelace. I will demonstrate how to tie a Windsor knot. It is "a thick, wide and triangular tie knot that projects confidence", "your knot of choice for presentations, job interviews, courtroom appearances", "best suited for spread collar shirts" ( ). In fact, making it is not tricky at all. Everybody can make a Windsor knot on his tie; however, it is highly recommended for men with a long neck, for the wide knot will visually diminish the height of the neck and thus balance the appearance. What do we need for tying a Windsor knot? Let us start from the essentials. To succeed in our goal you need three things: a tie, a mirror and motivation. It is highly desirable that you wear a suit or at least a shirt, for a tie was initially designed to conceal the buttons on a shirt, so that you will vividly see why a tie is necessary, and how long it should be. So, ensure that you have all the essentials, stand in front of a mirror, place the tie on you neck and f ollow the instructions. The process itself falls into four simple steps (please refer to the diagram on the blackboard). 1. Ensure that the wide end is approximately 30 cm lower than the narrow end and cross the wide end over the narrow one. This will cr eate a loop between the collar and your will -be tie. Pass the wide end through this loop and then down. So the wide end will again be on top of the narrow one. 2. Put the wide end under the narrow one; pull it to the left and across the top of the narrow end. By this time the wide end should encircle the narrow one, forming the first outline of a knot. The wide end should be located to the right of the knot. 3. Put the wide end beneath the narrow one again, then between the collar and the knot, and afterwards push it through the loop. 4. Finally, push the wide end through the knot. Next, hold the knot with your left hand, while adjusting the ends of your tie and pushing the knot to the collar. Here is the result - a perfectly tied Windsor knot. As we c an see by now, tying a tie is much easier than nuclear physics, and not time -consuming at all. With a tie, a mirror and proper motivation it took us two minutes to accomplish the task according to the instructions. If you practice for a couple of times, you will be able to bring the time required to less than half a minute. From now on you know the secret, and you are welcome to use it for the benefit of your appearance.
Demonstration Speech: How to Play the Piano It is obvious that one demonstration speech cannot be enough to play the piano. However, I can teach you how to sit at the piano duly and how to start learning to play the piano so that you want to continue. Before starting, remember, that as Chinese prove rb puts it, "A journey of a thousand miles starts with the first step". Also, be advised, that learning means "mistaking", so watch and repeat after me: no experience can be gained without practice. We'll discuss such issues as: 1) acquaintance with the piano and its main elements an terms; 2) learning the piano notes; 3) playing the octaves. So, let's start. First of all, you will need the piano. Look at it: the most contrasting elements are the keys, they are black and white. They comprise a keyboard. T he keyboard usually has seven octaves and a minor third. The piano can be closed with the lid which covers the keyboard when the instrument is not being used. So, we open the lid and press the key to produce some sound. Move piano bench closer to the piano so that you can sit conveniently while playing the piano. Look down: there are three or two pedals under your feet, which are used to change the sound of a note. Raise your eyes: you see the music rack. It is right in front of you, and it is like a small shelf for carrying the music paper or sheet music etc. So, you sit, open the sheet music and put your hands on the keyboard. What should you do next? The next step is learning the piano notes. Look at the keyboard. There is symmetry which helps us to differentiate the octaves and learn the location of certain piano notes. In order to make the process of learning the piano notes easier, we'll denominate each white key with the letter. Traditionally, the first seven letter of the alphabet are used. Thus, st arting from the left we assign white keys with the letters A-G. Black keys can be helpful in finding the corresponding white keys. While this is not the initial function of the former, we'll start using them this way. Look at the keyboard attentively, and you'll notice that groups of two black keys and three black keys repeat. So, if you need D, you can find it on the right from the group of two black keys; F is on the left of group of three black keys etc. Though it requires certain time to learn where dif ferent keys are, this will be helpful for sure. Also, besides white keys, there are black keys. They are identified according to the white keys which they border with. Thus, the first black key in the group of three will be denominated as F# or Gb. In this case, F# means sharp F, i.e. the black note F is half-tone higher than F which is on the left. Or, it can be identified as Gb flat G), which means that black key is half -tone lower than G. You can use the guiding diagram in the beginning but then you have to learn all the keys without any hint. You should be able to identify the note simply by looking at the keyboard. Third, we'll learn to play octaves or scales. In piano music, octave means the interval between the two notes which is equal to twelve ke ys. To play an octave means pressing smoothly the keys in succession. The simplest octave C major) means pressing only white keys, starting from C and ending with the C in seven notes. G major scale, for instance, includes G, A, B, C, D, E notes, then moving to F#, and proceeding in the same way. Scales should be learned as well as simplest songs. They are used to develop the ear for music, practice piano playing and prepare for more serious piano playing. To conclude, we have considered the main issues which are needed to be learned by the
Demonstration Speech: ow to install a ceiling fan Today we will learn how to install a ceiling fan. The ceiling fan can become a real rescue in hot days. eiling fan is not so difficult to install if you know the principles of installation. So, now we will learn to do this. First of all, you should choose the place where the fan will be located. It is recommended that the ceiling fan is placed in the center of the ceiling, as far as it allows the flows of air spread all over the room. The next step is the identification of the blade clearance. So, you should measure the distance from floor to ceiling and distract the height of the fan. The distance of not lower than 7' is recommended. fter that, you should mount the ceiling fan. This is the most responsible part of the installation: 1. you should turn off the power to prevent the electrical strike from happening; 2. then you should identify the center of the ceiling - if there was not light fixture in the center, you should identify it by yourself. ark two cross lines on the ceiling from each of four c orners of the room. The place where they cross is the center of the ceiling. 3. you should install the junction box. In some cases it can be screwed to the joist. therwise, the box should be put into the hole cut particularly for this case; 4. the next step is the installation of the hanger brackets. They have to be installed in the box with the help of screws and washers; 5. then, wire the unit. emember that white house wires should be connected to the white fan wires, while the black house wires shou ld be connected to the black fan wires. 6. at last, the fan should be electrically grounded to both the fan and the metal box. Turn it on! If there is some wobbling, be advised that the blades are unbalanced and this should be corrected. You can change two adjacent blades or check the weight of each blade. If some is lighter, increase its weight with some small object put to the center of the blade. einstall fan and use it!
Descriptive Speech - DVD movie creation needs skills and experience Notes: In my descriptive speech I would give recommendation concerning home videos. I would not go into much detail. Instead, I would describe the steps that must be kept in mind. I would give some technical details. Purpose: to help create a good home video. Goal: to narrate about an object in a way the audience can visualize the image. Structure: technical details are few but they are recommendations that may be used by the audience. I expect from my audience some knowledge about operating a video camera. My intention is to present the process of creating a home movie in a series of steps. I would never say that many home videos are awful because a home video is not a documentary movie. Its plot may be narrated by editing the event and cutting all that is o f minor importance. Creative ideas: home video may not mirror the event; it may show it from a certain perspective. So, memorable events may be performed with the help of the material available. I would make my audience interested in the described object : a home movie that is unique, exclusive, miraculous, and entertaining. Then I would describe the process of creating a good home movie with the steps singled out in separate paragraphs. I would modestly believe, in my conclusion, that the audience would follow my advice. I would talk to the audience as an expert who can talk shop without annoying details. I would never say overtly that many home videos are rubbish. But my recommendations would put it in the implicit - first think, then make a movie of your life. The intended audience: not friends with technical appliances
DVD movie creation needs skills and experience Whenever I look in the mirror, I try not to see the changes all of us have to experience with time. However, DVD movie creation commemorates the most cherished and remembered episodes of our lives and makes us feel good, refreshing memories about events and dates, places and people in vivid and unique images. All of us can't help gathering together to enjoy watching unforgettable moments archived on DVDs, sharing memories and being proud of our looks. I would like to reveal some secrets to you - how to make a good home video. First of all, you have to transfer the video data from the camera into the computer. For that, you need a video capture card to save the material on the hard drive using the card's hardware encoder. The best solution is constant bit rate CBR). Keep in mind that the volume of information must be less than that of DVD disc. Second, video editing programs will help you cut unwanted data and adding effects. My favorite
Entertaining Speech Headgear may be the most important article in the army's uniform. You wear headgear to protect yourself from the rain and hot rays of sunshine, as well as for others to admire your military status. Military designers are tempted again and again to make hea dgear exclusive, namely, more stylish, trendy, and fashionable. The US patriot store has on sale a great variety of headgear, may be fantastic to wear - all those watch and boonie caps, ACU Fleece watch caps and Hat Iraqi Freedom Veteran, Hat Special force s and hat USA w/Flag low profile. They look smart and very tempting to wear. My old patrol cap, the one I am holding in my hand, is my friend's present. It has neither double thick bill nor internal pocket, neither chinstraps nor breathtaking camouflage c olor by which any desert sniper would figure me out in no time. Quite an old thing it is, keeping secrets of the military service but whenever I put it on « Well, how comfortable it feels - even with that strong smell of military service! What a feeling! In the army, the patrol cap is one of the three headgear options, together with the beret and the military visor dress hat. When I tried to find secrets of a new ACU patrol cap, it occurred to me that the military value moisture-wicking boots more than headgear. A new patrol cap is described as "an upgraded soft cap with double thick bill, no earflaps and a lower profile." New ACU related questions, nd, np). Well, my old patrol cap is soft, too. No wonders, it has known so many laundries. It has no earfl aps, either. What about a lower profile or a higher profile? No sweat, if I change it like this shows) and like that shows). Where's the rub? You may ask me why I argue against a new patrol cap. Because I care for its history and I hate being cheated. My patrol cap suits me well. It may be used under any weather conditions. The color may be dulled but a faded cap is the proof of many hours spent outdoors. I don't think a special pocket in the crown may alter anything in this valuable object of mine. N either would two-ply panels with eyelets improve it a lot. Well, I can't call my cap a "flying tiger" but it serves me well. At least it functions as a cap, has no false pretensions, and protects safely my head. You would recognize it as a patrol cap at first sight. Such a cherished model! Whatever you think, mine is a true patrol cap. In a new patrol cap this feeling will somewhat disappear. I bet! New caps are stylish, but how well are they to wear? New caps have certain improvements, but isn't a whee l always a wheel, round and rolling along the surface? Who says that new patrol caps are more comfortable than the old ones?
Eulogies and Memorials Mrs. Mary Boyle is no longer with us. Our grief is unbearable because we have been used to having her with us - easy to contact, always hospitable and willing to give a helping hand. On this sad day we all feel how important her presence was to us. We cannot physically feel the warmth of her attitude, her strength, her charm, her friendliness anymore. But here, she is still with us. And will ever be - in our memories, in our hopes, in our doings here, on earth. She was a good wife, a devoted mother of two children, and a wonderful grandmother of three grandchildren. She was our friend, our devoted friend, who always cared for us, who always supported us, and with whom we used to share our happiness and anxiety. Perhaps, I am one of the few who remember her as a girl. We lived in the same neighborhood and visited the same school. I often visited her parents' house. There was something special in it. It was a warm family atmosphere that I enjoyed so much. My Mom died when I was ten . Mary's family gave that feeling of home that I had been missing. I spent many unforgettable hours in Mary's house, talking, listening to music, dancing, and singing. While growing together, we got to know each other better. This friendship of almost sixt y years is meaningful to me. It helped me to live with hope, to love the world around me, and it colored my life in bright colors. It was Mary who introduced the world of literature to me. I could spend hours gluing to a TV screen. I thought it was the on ly escape from loneliness. But when I made close friends with Mary, I think I was eleven at that time, my life had drastically changed. Well, she introduced a new world to me - the world that was full of love, sympathy, and goodness. Together with Mary, I became a regular church goer. Together with her, I volunteered to help the elderly people in our neighborhood. Together with her, I went to parties. Due to her, I got to know that it was time for hard work and for pleasure. She was a disciplined person, ha rdworking, brilliant at school. She memorized poetry, Robert Frost being her favorite, and did wonders interpreting it. She was a real born leader, admired by all at school. Although we attended different colleges, we never seized an opportunity to spend time together. We became closer than ever when we got married the same year. My husband and I lived close at hand, so our friendship of two classmates turned into family friendship. Mary's husband Jack became our dear friend. Mary was able to create a fami ly atmosphere, of which her parents were very proud. Her home was open to my family. Our kids played together. We wanted them to have this great feeling of mutual trust and long -term friendship, which unites several generations. Although Mary had been ser iously ill during the last months of her life, she remained the same cheerful person as ever. She knew that she would not live long. But she never showed it. On the contrary, she helped us to prepare for this inevitable separation. In her presence we had t o as strong as she was inwardly. At her bedside, she always had a book to read. She was a bookworm and could read several books simultaneously. When I visited her during her illness, we discussed literature, argued about literary trends, and shared opinion s. She made me forget how gravely she was ill. She was a woman of remarkable intellectual powers. We remember her book printed ten years ago. She was a college professor respected and admired by her students. She knew how to
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Famous Speech: Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Secession is the Heights of Madness Author: Alexander Hamilton Stephens ear: 1861 ocation: Georgia, the US ccasion: State Convention of Georgia Critical Commentar : Alexander Stephens delivered this speech at the Special Convention in Georgia, which was to decide on further events in the United States. The Secession of Georgia from the United States was in the center of discussion. Stephens appealed to the South to re main with the Union. He distinctly opposed the secession, but at the same time he kept this right in case if the federal authorities continued discrediting of the Fugitive Slave Law. Stephens was elected the president of the Confederacy. ext of the Speech This step of secession) once taken, can never be recalled; and all the baleful and withering consequences that must follow, will rest on the convention for all coming time. When we and our posterity shall see our lovely South desolated by the demon of war, which this act of yours will inevitably invite and call forth: when our green fields of waving harvest shall be trodden down by the murderous soldiery and fiery car of war sweeping over our land; our temples of justice laid in ashes; all the horrors and desolations of war upon us; who but this convention will be held responsible for it? and who but him who shall have given his vote for this unwise and ill -timed measure, as I honestly think and believe, shall be held to strict account for this suicidal act by the present generation, and probably cursed and execrated by posterity for all coming time, for the wide and desolating ruin that will inevitably follow this act you now propose to perpetrate? Pause, I entreat you, and consider for a moment what re asons you can give that will even satisfy yourselves in calmer moments - what reasons you can give to your fellow -sufferers in the calamity that it will bring upon us. What reasons can you give to the nations of the earth to justify it? They will be the calm and deliberate judges in the case; and what cause or one overt act can you name or point, on which to rest the plea of justification? What right has the North assailed? What interest of the South has been invaded? What justice has been denied? and what claim founded in justice and right has been withheld? Can either of you to -day name one governmental act of wrong, deliberately and purposely done by the government of Washington, of which the South has a right to complain? I challenge the answer. While, on the other hand, let me show the facts and believe me, gentlemen, I am not here the advocate of the North; but I am here the friend, the firm friend, and lover of the South and her institutions, and for this reason I speak thus plainly and faithfully fo r yours, mine, and every other man's interest, the words of truth and soberness), of which I wish you to judge, and I will only state facts which are clear and undeniable, and which now stand as records authentic in the history of our country. When we of t he South demanded the slave-trade, or the importation of Africans for the cultivation of our lands, did they not yield the right for twenty years? When we asked a three-fifths representation in Congress for our slaves, was it not granted? When we asked
Famous Speech: Ben Chifley : The Light on the Hill Author: Ben Chifley ear: 1949 ocation: New South Wales, Australia ccasion: Address to the Annual Conference of the ALP Australian Labor Party) Critical Commentar : This short speech was given at the Annual Conference of the ALP in the New South Wales, Australia. Prime Minister Ben Chifley addressed mainly the members of the labor party, for he concentrated on the values and challenges for the Labor Party. ³The light on the hill´ is the symbol of the party, its objective. Some of the words from the speech were striking for the audience, as they disclosed the LP goals and aspirations in the most direct terms, without diplomatic covering. ext of the Speech I have had the privilege of leading the Labour Party for nearly four years. They have not been easy times and it has not been an easy job. It is a man -killing job and would be impossible if it were not for the help of my colleagues and members of the movement. No Labour Minister or leader ever has an easy job. The urgency that rests behind the Labour movement, pushing it on to do things, to create new conditions, to reorganise the economy of the country, always means that the people who work within the Labour moveme nt, people who lead, can never have an easy job. The job of the evangelist is never easy. Because of the turn of fortune's wheel your Premier Mr McGirr) and I have gained some prominence in the Labour movement. But the strength of the movement cannot com e from us. We may make plans and pass legislation to help and direct the economy of the country. But the job of getting the things the people of the country want comes from the roots of the Labour movement - the people who support it. When I sat at a Labour meeting in the country with only ten or fifteen men there, I found a man sitting beside me who had been working in the Labour movement for fifty -four years. I have no doubt that many of you have been doing the same, not hoping for any advantage from the movement, not hoping for any personal gain, but because you believe in a movement that has been built up to bring better conditions to the people. Therefore, the success of the Labour Party at the next elections depends entirely, as it always has done, on the people who work. I try to think of the Labour movement, not as putting an extra sixpence into somebody's pocket, or making somebody Prime Minister or Premier, but as a movement bringing something better to the people, better standards of living, grea ter happiness to the mass of the people. We have a great objective - the light on the hill - which we aim to reach by working the betterment of mankind not only here but anywhere we may give a helping hand. If it were not for that, the Labour movement would not be worth fighting for.
Graduation Speech: Graduating from University of Toronto Let me start by saying that I am very proud to be addressing you today as the students of Toronto University for the last time. In some moments we shall receive the diplomas and become the 2005 graduates of the Linguistics faculty, newly -fledged Masters of Art in Translation. I guess that after the strain of final tests, credits and exams, not to mention the time -consuming graduation theses and its nerve-racking presentation), most of us were looking forward to this moment, when the studying is over, the d iploma is in your pocket and you are free to do what you like. But I want you to look around you and remember this moment. Look at your group mates and your teachers, because from now on life will scatter us around the world, and most of us will meet only at alumni parties. Recall the best moments of studying that we shared. Our first lectures in September, when we came so sun -tanned and so full of summer stories that the teacher had difficulties silencing us up to start the lecture, and we tried hard to write it down with fingers stiff from a long idle vacation time. Remember our coffee breaks, our first collective truancy, when we gathered together and went to play snowballs. Recall your student friends with whom you tried hard to answer the eternal ques tions and find the sense of life. Remember the surprise we all felt when we understood that we are no longer the youngest in the campus, when the freshmen fussing around and asking for directions caused us to smile at them and patronize them. Remember your favorite teachers who made you feel a tiny spark of interest glowing inside you and managed to support this spark and helped us to discover who we are and what we'd like to do in the future. Remember everything and carve this moment in your memory. We are now standing on the threshold of the real adult life. From now on no one will put us an "A" or an "F" for well or poorly done homework and evaluate our progress. We are free to go our own way, and it will be absolutely different for everyone. Some will continue studies on the post-graduate level and become university tutors or scientists. Others will rush to apply their skills on practice and become good translators or interpreters. Some of us will require time to think and will go traveling. When univer sity studies are over, it is time to create our own lives, and for this we have the whole world at our disposal. As John Updike said, "you cannot help but learn more as you take the world into your hands. Take it up reverently, for it is an old piece of clay, with millions of thumbprints on it" 2). So my first piece of advice is not to hesitate to step over the threshold of the door that is already open for us. With the knowledge and friends we gained from our alma mater, the University of Toronto, we will overcome every obstacle. The main thing is to search hard for the job that you really like, and have persistence and faith. A favorite job is not found lying in the street, it should be looked after. But in the end it will be there for you, and you'll feel that it's your cup of tea as soon as you start it. Don't settle and keep looking. But however winding and different our life paths will be, we are all the graduates of one university, and we share the common concepts of our University - knowledge, spirituality and freedom. The University gave us an opportunity to get good academic training, balance our personal priorities and feel free to choose whatever path we like. We have gained education, that is "what survives when what has been learned has been f orgotten" B.F. Skinner) 2). To be serious, I think that with these concepts we are, as Clinton said, "doomed to succeed".
Graduation Speech: Gratitude to Phoenix University Dear friends, we have gathered here today to celebrate our graduation. It is momentous event, because it marks the ending of the whole era of your lives. Years at university were special, because they helped us to become individuals we are today. Personall y I am sure that without that precious experience my life would be something completely different. I would not have such features of character as determination, self -confidence, purposefulness and commitment. I can state this clearly: my university helped me to become a person I am now. Special thanks are to my learning team members who helped me a lot, guided and supported me. It was due to their backing that I completed my undergraduate degree in about three years, then took two weeks off and immediately started pursuing an MBA. I succeeded, and tonight I am standing in front of you. I am graduating with the feeling of deep satisfaction. I worked a lot and my efforts gave something more than just an MBA status. It is skills and knowledge and invaluable e xperience. Instructors challenged us with the enormous tasks, stating that their subject is the most important and only it will be of use in our future career. Well, I should say this is true. I can hardly remember a book or a project which I can call unne cessary today. The university environment was like the model of the society in miniature. There were ups and downs but now I am ready for the real world waiting outside the university walls. You know, sometimes I felt frustrated, because it was difficult enough. There was everything: sleepless nights, fatigue and even disappointment about the way I have chosen. But those were transient emotions evoked by much studying and lack of rest sometimes. It has been a challenge getting education, and many times I though of giving up«But those were only the thoughts, because I can't imagine my life without that precious experience, knowledge and skills obtained in my university years. Often I was proud of myself because I was strong enough to overcome all obstacles and succeed. I obtained true satisfaction from getting new knowledge and becoming someone greater than just a student. I was an excellent student. Maybe, my grades were not always perfect, but I knew it for myself that I am an excellent student who can cop e with any task and solve any problem. I did my best to get as much from my education as I could. This was my victory over the challenges I faced on my way. If I could do this, you can do it as well. Because, you know, tutors, instructors and academic advi sors are not the only factor of student success. Much depends on a student himself. Great desire, enthusiasm and striving for academic success contribute to the student achievements. Thus, I understood that no one but you can bring you to the top. Academic environment and people are important factors, but not the only. By the way, they are quality and sufficient at Phoenix University. Academic staff and academic environment are wonderful at this university, and I will remember the days of my studying here as the most valuable and quality years in my life. So, I can't describe my happiness and enjoyment today, when I am graduating with an MBA. It is not about getting the diploma as the certificate of my status. It is rather satisfaction from having the material evidence of my precious experience gained in the years of studying at Phoenix University. I want to thank you all again. I hope that you weren't too tired of my speech. These were my
IMPROMPTU SPEECH I did not intend to take the floor, but the questions "Should women ever pay on a date" seems to be having a response in my heart. If you ask me, everyone loves to be wined and dined at another person's expense, both men and women. It is expected from the man who initiates a date to pay for it is well. However, I wonder: Is it really fair for a man to foot the bill all the time? You may say, he has invited her and must pay for her company. If it she were not invited, she would be able to have a Lean Cuisine by herself. In this case, the man is not paying for a meal. He is paying for the pleasure of being with a woman, so that in her presence any meal would be sweetened by her charm and a good sense of humor. Men may think that it is out of the question to allow a woman to have a share in paying for a meal. Women may think that men may be offended if they pay on a date. In other words, women support the idea of being a man in the person who wines and dines them. However, in the 21st centur y, with women earning their own money and getting more and more independent, we may not see a thing wrong with women paying for a date. Let's see my point. Yes, it's a different age. With all those talks about gender roles and equality of sexes, sticking to manycentury traditions when men paid for women mainly because women had no money of their own may be out of date. Of course, some men are offended when a woman offers to pay for a date. But isn't it the sign of her reluctance to continue relationship? Isn't it a straightforward "No!" to any further advances? Why, then it is the only way for a man to keep his face. When a woman suggests she should pay on a date, she demonstrates that she is not interested in a relationship. In this case, a man with her is treated as someone she's doing business with, not a person she cares for. You may say, society dictates that the initiator foots the bill on a date. In accordance with this norm, it doesn't matter whether this initiator is a man or a woman. When a man s ays, "Baby, let's go out", a woman subconsciously knows who would pay on a date. The one who is inviting is to set the foundations of the date. To be on the same side, it would be not bad from the very beginning to discuss the issue at hand. Neither of those involved should ever assume that the other is paying. Yet, a woman should pay on a date only if: - First, if it isn't her first date with a guy. - Second, if she has been going with that guy for some time, and only if he permits - no shortage of money would prevent a real gentleman from having a pleasure to show that he isn't in low waters financially. - Third, if it is a woman who initiates the date.