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16

X64-80104

PROJECT MERCURY «*

MERCURY-ATLAS MISSION NO. (Capsule No. 8A)

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

Space Task Group Langley Field, Va. fc£
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(NASA-TM-X-51331) 'pfi.CJECT- M E E C D Y R : MEHCUBY-ATLAS HlSSICf" ' "Np..,4/8.6 (.CAPSULE 8-A).' ' '' '"" "•• ' ,,, 0.0/98

N75-75608

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TEST OBJECTIVES AND SYSTEM PRIORITIES

Test objectives for MA-U/SA.- The test objectives for this mission are concerned with the Mercury capsule systems, the Atlas booster, the Mercury network, and capsule recovery. Since this mission will be the first Mercury-Atlas launch along the Mercury network, it will be used to demonstrate and evaluate the capability of the Mercury network to perform the intended flight control and data collection functions and to evaluate the procedures used in performing the fli'ght control functions . First-order test objectives.Capsule.(1) Demonstrate the integrity of the Mercury capsule structure, ablation shield, and afterbody shingles for a normal reentry. (2) Evaluate the performance of the Mercury capsule systems for the entire flight. (3) Determine the capsule motions during a normal reentry. Determine the Mercury capsule vibration environment during flight. (5) Demonstrate the compatibility of the Mercury capsule escape systems with the Mercury- Atlas systems. Booster . (1) Determine the ability of the Atlas booster to release the Mercury capsule at the free- flight insertion conditions defined by the guidance equations. (2) Evaluate the closed- loop performance of the Abort Sensing and Implementation System. (3) Evaluate the aerodynamic loading, vibrational characteristics, and structural integrity of the Atlas LOp boil-off valve, tank dome, capsule adapter, and associated structures.

- 2Network..

(1) Demonstrate the proper operation of the ground command control equipment. (2) Evaluate the performance of the equipment and the operational procedures used in establishing the launch trajectory and booster cutoff conditions and in predicting landing points. (?) Evaluate the ground communications network and procedures. (U) Evaluate the performance of the network acquisition aids, the radar tracking system, and the associated operational procedures. (5) Evaluate the telemetry receiving system performance and the telemetry displays. Recovery.- Evaluate the capsule recovery operations, as to the equiment and procedures used for communications and for locating and recovering the capsule, for a landing in the Atlantic Ocean along the Mercury network. Second-order test objectives.Booster.(1) Obtain data on the repeatability of the performance of all Atlas missile and ground systems. (2) Determine the magnitude of the sustalner/vernier residual thrust after cutoff. Network;- Evaluate and develop applicable Mercury network countdown and operational procedures. .Third-order test objectives..

Booster.- Evaluate the Mercury-Atlas vehicle with regard to engine start and potential causes for combustion instability.

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TABLE II.- NOMINAL WEIGHTS FOR THE M&-jt/8& CAPSULE

3,908 Ibs 2,697 Ibs 2,^10 Ibs 2,168 Ibs

Gross weight at lift-off (includes adapter and escape tower) Capsule weight after separation from Atlas Capsule weight at start of reentry Capsule flotation weight

AERODYNAMIC SPIKE ESCAPE ROCKET

ESCAPE TOWER

CAPSULE-BOOSTER ADAPTER LIQUID OXYGEN TANK PRESSURIZATION LINE

10' DIA

EQUIPMENT POD

LIQUID OXYGEN LINE STUB POD » VERNIER FAIRING BOOSTER

Figure I.Mercury-Atlas launch vehicle configuration.

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