# Code No: R05010202

Set No. 1

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 MATHEMATICAL METHODS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics & Control Engineering, Computer Science & Systems Engineering, Electronics & Telematics, Electronics & Computer Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Find a real root of x3 –6x–4=0 by bisection method. (b) Find the interpolation polynomial for x = 2.4, 3.2, 4.0, 4.8, 5.6, f(x)=22, 17.8, 14.2, 38.3, 51.7, using Newton’s forward formula and thus ﬁnd f(3). [8+8] 2. (a) Fit acurve of the form y = aebx from the following data. x 1 2 3 4 5 6 y 1.6 4.5 13.8 40.2 125 300
1

(b) Evaluate
0

e−x taking h = 0.2 using

2

i. Simpson’s 1 rd 3 ii. Trapenzoidal rule. 3. Find y(.1), y(.2) and y(.3) using Taylor’s series method that 4. (a) Reduce the  matrix 0 1  4 0 Where A = 2 1 A to its  normal form. 2 −2 2 6  and hence ﬁnd the rank 3 1
dy dx

[8+8] = l − y, y(0) = 0. [16]

(b) Show that the only real value of λ for which the following equations have non trivial solution is 6 and solve them, when λ = 6. x +2y + 3z = λx; 3x + y + 2z = λy; 2x + 3y + z = λz. [8+8]

5. (a)  Find the eigen values and the corresponding eigen vectors of the matrix.  −2 2 −3  2 1 −6  −1 −2 0

(b) Show that if λ1 , λ2 ............ λn are latent roots of a matrix A, then A3 has the latent roots λ1 3 , λ3 ,..............λ3 and kλ1 , kλ2 , kλ3 ...............kλn are latent 2 n roots of kA. [10+6]

6. (a) Prove that every square matrix can be uniquely expressed as a sum of symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. 1 of 2

Code No: R05010202

Set No. 1
t, 0 < t ≤ π 2 π , π <t≤π 2 2
∞ 0 λ sin λx dλ (λ2 +a2 ) (λ2 +b2 )

(b) Find the nature index and signature of the quadtratic form 10x2 +2y 2 +5z 2 – 4xy–10xz+6yz. [6+10] 7. (a) Represent the following function by a Fourier sin series. f (t) = (b) Using Fourier integral theorem prove that e−ax – e−bx =
2(b2 −−a2 ) π

[8+8] 8. (a) Form the partial diﬀerential equation by eliminating the arbitrary constants a, b from z = ax + by + (a / b) – b. (b) Solve the partial diﬀerential equation x2 (y 2 − z 2 )p + y 2 (z 2 − x2 )q = z 2 (x2 − y 2 ). (c) Find the Z transform of 22k+3 . ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [5+5+6]

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Code No: R05010202

Set No. 2

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 MATHEMATICAL METHODS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics & Control Engineering, Computer Science & Systems Engineering, Electronics & Telematics, Electronics & Computer Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆
1 1. (a) Establish the formula xi+1 = 2 xi + using Newton Raphson method. N xi

and hence compute the value of

10

(b) Using Gauss backward interpolation formula ﬁnd y (50o 42′ ) given that x 50 51 52 53 54 y = tan x 1.1918 1.2349 1.2799 1.327 1.3764 [8+8]

2. (a) By the method of least squares ﬁt a parabola of the form y=a+bx+cx2 for the following data. x 2 4 6 8 10 y 3.07 12.85 31.47 57.38 91.29 (b) Derive the formula to evaluate
b a

ydx using trapezoidal rule.
1 dx 1+x2 0

(c) Use the trapezoidal rule with n=4 to estimate places.

correct to four decimal [8+4+4]

3. Apply Runge-Kutta 4th order method to ﬁnd y(.2),y(.4) and y(.6) y’ = – xy2 ,y(0) = 2 using h=0.2. [16] 4. (a)  Deﬁne the rank of the matrix and ﬁnd the rank of the following matrix.  2 1 3 5  4 2 1 3     8 4 7 13  8 4 −3 −1

(b) Determine whether the following equations will have a non-trivial solution if so solve them. 4x + 2y + z + 3w = 0, 6x + 3y + 4z + 7w = 0, 2x + y + w = 0. [8+8]

5. (a)  Find the eigen values and the corresponding eigen vectors of the matrix.  −2 2 −3  2 1 −6  −1 −2 0 1 of 2

Code No: R05010202

Set No. 2

(b) If λ1 , λ2 ,........, λn are the eigen values of A, then prove that the eigen values of (A -kI) are λ1 − k, λ2 − k, λ3 − k, ..........., λn − k. [10+6] 6. (a) Prove that the inverse of an orthogonal matrix is orthogonal and its transpose is also orthogonal. (b) Reduce the quadratic form 3x2 + 3x2 + 3x2 + 2x1 x2 + 2x1 x3 − 2x2 x3 into sum of 1 2 3 squares by an orthogonal transformation and give the matrix of transformation [8+8] 7. (a) Obtain the Fourier series for the function f(x) =x2 , −π < x < π. Hence show 2 that 112 + 212 + 312 + ........ = π6 (b) Using Fourier integral show that = π if 0 < x < π 2 = 0 if x > π.
∞ 1−cos πλ λ 0

sin xλ dλ [8+8]

8. (a) Form the partial diﬀerential equation by eliminating the arbitrary function from z = f (y) + φ(x + y). (b) Solve the partial diﬀerential equation (y 2 + z 2 )p − xyq + zx = 0. (c) Find i. Z(−2)n ii. Z (nan ). ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

[5+5+6]

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Code No: R05010202

Set No. 3

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 MATHEMATICAL METHODS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics & Control Engineering, Computer Science & Systems Engineering, Electronics & Telematics, Electronics & Computer Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Find a real root of the equation xlog10 x=1.2 which lies between 2 and 3 by bisection method. (b) Find y(34) if y(10)=35.3, y(15)=32, y(20)=29.2, y(25)=26.1, y(30)=23.2, y(32)=20.5 using Newton’s interpolation formula. [8+8] 2. Fit a curve of the form y = A1 eλ1 x + A2 eλ2 x for the following data x 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 y 1.175 1.336 1.51 1.698 1.904 2.129 2.376 2.646 2.942 3. (a) Find y(.1) and y(.2) using Taylor’s series method given that dy = x2 − y, y(0) = 1. dx (b) Tabulate the values of y(.2), y(.4),y(.6),y(.8) and y(1) using Euler’s method dy [8+8] given that dx = x2 − y, y(0) = 1. 4. (a) Reduce the matrix  1 −1 2 −3  4 1 0 2 A =  0 3 0 4 0 1 0 2 

[16]

(b) Solve the following tridiagonal system. x1 -3x2 =6, 2x1 +4x2 +x3 =4, x2 +4x3 =7 [8+8]

  to the normal form and hence determine its rank. 

5. (a)  Find the eigen values and the corresponding eigen vectors of the matrix.  −2 2 −3  2 1 −6  −1 −2 0

(b) Show that if λ1 , λ2 ............ λn are latent roots of a matrix A, then A3 has the latent roots λ1 3 , λ3 ,..............λ3 and kλ1 , kλ2 , kλ3 ...............kλn are latent 2 n roots of kA. [10+6]

6. (a) Prove that the inverse of an orthogonal matrix is orthogonal and its transpose is also orthogonal.

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Code No: R05010202

Set No. 3

(b) Reduce the quadratic form 3x2 + 3x2 + 3x2 + 2x1 x2 + 2x1 x3 − 2x2 x3 into sum of 1 2 3 squares by an orthogonal transformation and give the matrix of transformation [8+8] 7. (a) Obtain a half range cosine series for f (x) = Deduce the sum of the series
1 12

+

1 32

+

1 52

kx, 0 ≤ x ≤ L 2 k (L − x) , L ≤ x ≤ L 2 + 712 ........ [8+8]

(b) Show that Fourier transform of e

−x2 2

is reciprocal

8. (a) Form the partial diﬀerential equation by eliminating the arbitrary constants a, b from z = ax + by + (a / b) – b. (b) Solve the partial diﬀerential equation x2 (y 2 − z 2 )p + y 2 (z 2 − x2 )q = z 2 (x2 − y 2 ). (c) Find the Z transform of 22k+3 . ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [5+5+6]

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Code No: R05010202

Set No. 4

I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 MATHEMATICAL METHODS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics & Control Engineering, Computer Science & Systems Engineering, Electronics & Telematics, Electronics & Computer Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Find a real root of the equation x4 -x-10=0 by bisection method. (b) From the following table of half yearly ages, estimate the premium for policies Age: x: 45 50 55 Premium: y: 114.84 96.16 83.32 premium for policies at quinquennial at the age of 63. [8+8] 60 65 74.48 68.48

2. (a) Fit a straight line for the following data. x 6 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 10 y 5 5 4 5 4 3 4 3 3
3

(b) Evaluate the following integrals by Simpson’s one-third rule
0

cos2 xdx,(n=6) [8+8]

3. Tabulate the values of y at x=.1 to .3,using Euler’s modiﬁed method given that dy x + y = dx and y(0)=1. [16] 4. (a) Findthe 2  4 A =  1 1 rank −2 2 −1 −2 of 0 0 0 1 thematrix. 6 2   by reducing it to the normal form. 3  2

(b) Test for consistency the set of equations and solve them if they are consistent. x + 2y + 2z = 2 3x – 2y –z = 5 2x – 5y + 3z = –4 x + 4y + 6z = 0 [8+8] 5. (a)  Find 2  2 0 the eigen values and the corresponding eigen vectors of the matrix  2 0 5 0  0 3 [10+6]

(b) Prove that the eigen values of P −1 AP are same as that of A. 1 of 2

Code No: R05010202

Set No. 4

6. (a) Show that every square matrix can be expressed uniquely as a sum of a symmetric and skew symmetric matrices.   0 2b c (b) Determine a, b, c so that A is orthogonal where A =  a b −c  [8+8] a −b c 7. (a) Find a Fourier series to represent the function f(x) = ex , for −π < x < π and π hence derive a series for sinhπ

(b) Using Fourier integral show that e−x cos x =

2 π

0

λ2 +2 λ2 +4

cos λxdλ

[8+8]

8. (a) Form the partial diﬀerential equation eliminating arbitrary function √ √ 2z = x + a+ y − a + b

(b) Find Z(2.3n + 5.n) deduce Z[2.3n+3 + 5(n + 3)] using shifting theorem [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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