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64-80052
PROJECT MERCURY ', &IMMARX

MERCURY-REDSTONE MISSION NO. 3 (Capsule No. ?) / ,_,• \ (NASA-TM-X-51304) PEOJECT H E R C O R Y : TECHNICAL I N F O R M A T I O N S U M M A R Y OP M E H C U B Y - B E D S T O N E MISSION NO. 3, C A P S U L E NO. 7 (NASA) 17 p 00/98 N75-71791

Unclas 08659

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATK/^" SPACE TASK GROUP Langley Field^ Va. \Apri]fl7\ 1961

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INTRODUCTION

The general purpose of the Mercury-Redstone program is to advance the qualification of the capsule and capsule systems for the specification Mercury mission during ballistic space flight and to familiarize and train the astronauts for the subsequent orbiting flights. The MR-3 mission is the third in the Redstone-boosted program and the first in the series of manned capsules. The astronaut will be subjected to the g loadings during boost and reentry and to a short period of weightless flight at the orbiting altitude of the specification mission. The specific objectives of this mission are as follows: First-order test objectives.(a) Familiarize man with a brief but complete space flight experience including the lift-off, powered flight, weightless flight (for a period of approximately 5 minutes), entry, and landing phases of the flight. (b) Evaluate man's ability to perform as a functional unit during space flight by: . (1) Demonstrating manual control of capsule attitude before> during, .and after retrofire. (2) Use of voice communications during flight. (c) Study man's physiological reaction during space flight. (d) Recover the astronaut and capsule. Second-order test objectives.- Continue qualification of the Mercury capsule and capsule systems for manned flight. Third-order test objectives.- Provide training for ground support and recovery forces for future manned flights.

- 2 -

Event Capsule umbilical pulled (before launch) Lift-off Booster cutoff Tower jettisoned Capsule separation Retrorocket firing . • :•
:

Time since launch min;sec '

• -00: 45
...00:00 02:22.6 02:22.6 02:32.6

:

.

:

05:10 06:10 06:17 08:12

Retrograde package jettisoned Reentry begins Maximum deceleration ( 0 8 g I.3) .Drogue"chute deployed Main chute deployed Impact Major trajectory parameters for the MR-3 capsule: Maximum altitude Range Maximum exit Maximum exit q. g g ..
!

.

09:33 10:11

,100.2? n.m. 256.27 n.m.

598.1 psf.. 6.29 10.83

Maximum reentry

The MR-3 flight will be along the Atlantic Missile Range on a heading of 105° true. The Mercury Network Stations at Cape Canaveral, Florida (Mercury Control, Center) and at Washington, D...C.. (Space Computing Center) will be utilized, and the Bermuda Station will be used for training. . . The nominal weights for the MR-3 capsule are: Condition Gross weight at lift-off (includes adapter and escape tower) Weight after separation from Redstone Weight at start of reentry Flotation weight 2,855 2,579 Weight (Ib)

2,316

The instrumentation on capsule no. 7 is standard instrumentation, which includes aeromedical information. The EKG and respiration are • on continuous channels. Special instrumentation will consist of an earth and sky JO-mm. camera loaded with color film. Pictures will be taken at the rate of 10 per minute. A total of 660 frames are provided.

-kTABLE !.-> TELEMETERED .QUALITIES, CAPSULE

Tower release Capsule separation Retrograde command Retrorocket no. 1 Fire Retrorocket no. 2 Fire Retrorocket no. J Fire Retropackage jettison Drogue parachute deploy Antenna fairing release Main parachute deploy Main parachute jettison Reserve parachute deploy Pilot abort Mayday Tower escape rocket Periscope retract 0.05g relay actuation Time since launch 10 seconds Time since launch 100 seconds Time since launch 1,000 seconds Time since launch 10,000 seconds Time of retrograde

- 5'TABLE II.- TELEMETERED QUANTITIES, BOOSTER Pressure air in pressure bottles Flow rate LOX Flow rate ale •

Pressure combustion chamber HgOp valve position Pressure top HpO container

Pressure ale at pump inlet Error signal thrust controller Pressure instrument compartment Vibration capsule mounting ring latitude Vibration LEV-3 base plate Angular velocity - pitch Angular velocity - yaw Angular velocity - roll Acceleration of missile-longitudinal Tilting program, LEV-3 Flight sequencer Gyro pitch position Gyro yaw position Deflection of jet vane no. 1 -• Deflection of jet vane no. 2

- 6TABLE II.- Continued. Deflection of jet vane no. 3 Deflection of jet vane no. k Command control battery voltage Inverter voltage Take-off Cutoff Emergency cutoff Speed pips Fuel-dispersion, safe Abort bus signal Attitude error, abort Angular velocity, abort, pitch Rate switch Angular velocity, abort, yaw Rate switch Angular velocity, abort,:-roll Rate switch Control voltage, abort Abort from capsule Combustion pressure cutoff switch no. 1 Combustion pressure cutoff switch no. 2

- 7TABLE II.- Continued. Attitude error, sensor Rate switch monitor Control voltage detector Capsule separation signal Arm cutoff to capsule Pressure top LOX container Pressure LOX topping device Temperature instrument compartment Pressure top ale container Temperature H?0p regulator Temperature fuel Pressure HpOp regulator Power supply Pressure shock mount no. 1 Pressure shock mount no. k Pressure shock mount no. 22 Command receiver Command decoder Command antenna DOVAP transponder DOVAP antenna Tx

- 8TABLE II.- Concluded. DOVAP antenna Rx AZUSA transponder AZUSA pover supply AZUSA antenna Telemeter (XO-2) Telemeter power divider R.F. power amplifier Telemetering antenna

AERODYNAMIC

SPIKE

ESCAPE ROCKET

ESCAPE TOWER

SEPARATION LINE CAPSULE BOOSTER ADAPTER

AFT UNIT (CONTAINS PRESSURIZED INSTRUMENT COMPARTMENT).

BOOSTER AIRFRAME STANDARD REDSTONE DESIGN WITH ROPELLANT TANKS ELONGATED 96" -OR INCREASED BURNING TIME

PROPEULANTSI ALCOHOL. (7S PERCENT Z5 PERCENT WATER) LIQUID OXYGEN ETHYL

FUEL

PRESSURIZATIONt

NITROGEN

AIR

RUDDERS

(4)

- 152"
-JET VANES W)

FIGURE 1.

MERCURY REDSTONE CAPSULE BOOSTER CONFIGURATION

LENGTH OF OVERALL CAPSULE CONFIGURATION 24.5 FEET
THREE EOUAl-LV SPACED NOZZLES CANTED TO DIRECT THE ESCAPE ROCKET BUAST OUTWARD AND AWAY FROM THE TOWER AND CAPSULE.

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HEAT 3HIEL-D

R E C O V E R Y COMPARTMENT \(MAIN AND R E S E R V E CHUTE) ESCAPE ROCKET (ONE) FUNCTION TO PROVIDE CAPSULE ESCAPE FROM THE VICINITY Of THE BOOSTER IN THE EVENT OF AN EMERGENCY DURING PRELAUNCH OR BOOSTER FLIGHT. TOTAU IMPULSE: ss^soo LB. SEC. FUEL. CONSUMED: 293 UBS.

ANTENNA FAIRING CHOUSES DROGUE CHUTE AND HORIZON S C A N N E R S ) RETENTION STHAPS ( R E T R O G R A D E P~ACK

1.2 SEC

CI.7S LBS.) FOR A E R O D Y N A M I C STABILITY

R E T R O G R A D E ROCKETS (THREE) FUNCTION \ TO I M P A R T A VELOCITY DECREMENT TO THE CAPSULE OF 500 FT SEC (FIRED AT APOGEE) TOTAL IMPULSE (EACH ROCKET) 12,960 LB SEC FUEL CONSUMED (3 R O C K E T S ) HO LBS TOTAL BURNING TIME (EACH ROCKET) '13 SEC

AERODYNAMIC 3P1KE ESCAPE TOWER \ ^>T*-^ •UBUUAR STEEL) \X^ \ \ PYLON JETTISON ROCKET (TRIPLE NOZZLE) CAPSULE—TOWER C L A M P FUNCTION : TO C A R R Y A W A Y THE TOWER AFTER RING (THR«=UE .EXPLOSIVE ANY ABORT PROCEDURE IN WHICH THE ESCAPE ROCKET.IS USED. BOLTS) TOTAL IMPULSE: 1133 UB.SEC. FUEL CONSUMED: 5.3 LBS. TOTAL BURNING TIMEt 1.5 SEC. -POSIGRADE ROCKETS (THREE) FUNCTION TO IMPART A S E P A R A T I O N VELOCITY OF 32 FT SEC TO THE CAPSULE TOTAL IMPULSE ALO~NQ BODY A X I S INCLUDING POP OUN EFFECT (THREE ROCKETS) 2632 LBS FUEL CONSUMED 6 LBS TOTAL BURNING TIME t.Z SEC

FIGURE 2.

CAPSULE CONFIGURATION

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.

APXEE RETRO PACKAGE JETTISONED

THE AUTOMATIC STABILIZATION AND CONTROL M PLACES AND MAINTAINS ' THE CAPSULE IN AN ENTRY ATTITUDE

ATTITUDE PROGRAMMING BY ASCS RATE DAMPING CAPSULE SEPARATION

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/
>•-•'

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I

XCUTOFF BOOSTER; PYLON SEPARATION DEACTIVATE'ENTIRE BOOSTER ABORT CAPABILITY, GYRO SLAVED TO SCANNER "DEACTIVATE BOOSTER CHAMBER PRESSURE ABORT CAPABILITY

AFTER .05g, STEADY ROLL OF. 10° TO 12° PER SEC.

\

DROGUE CHUTE

FIGURE ^.- GENERAL SEQUENCE OF EVENTS PLANNED FOR THIS MISSION

UPON RECEIPT OF ABORT SIGNAL. . . SHUT OFF BOOSTER, FIRE CAPSULE ADAPTER BOLTS. 2. FIRE ESCAPE ROCKET. 3. SENSE CAPSULE ADAPTER SEPARATION, JETTISON RETROPACKAGE, AND JETTISON RETROROCKET UMBILICALS. MAXIMUM ALTITUDE SENSOR RUNS OUT, FIRE TOWER SEPARATION BOLTS. SENSE TOWER RING SEPARATION, JETTISON TOWER AND COMMAND RATE DAMPING. 6. RATE DAMPING STOPS AT CHUTE DEPLOYMENT.

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FIGURE 5.- GENERAL SEQUENCE OF EVENTS THAT WOULD OCCUR IF FLIGHT SHOULD BE ABORTED BEFORE CAPSULE ESCAPE TOWER IS JETTISONED.

I-

s

L. N

30'

8. 0°

30'

7-9u
LAUNCH AZIMUTH = 105°

76°

CAPE CANAVERAL (PAD NO. 5)

30'

28°

30'
Stations for MR-3 Test The following are stations for ships and aircraft of the Recovery Force assigned for KR-3 Test:
28 13.2N 27 58.2N 27 A3. AN 27 28.5N 27 13.6N 26 5A.ON 27 09.7N ( ) 28 22.5N 28 27.4H 28 20.8N 27 22.0N 26 A9.5N 27 22.5N 28 23 .ON 28'02.5N 26 39.0N

2° 7

DDl DD2 OD3 DDA 005 30' 006 CVS DRY ADS MS01 MS02 AC1 26° AC2 AC3 ACA .-16) ACS (SA. .-16) AC6

79 78 78 77 76 75 76

A8.3V 5A.9V 01.8W, 08.0W' 15.OW 06.5WOl.AW

PRIMART LAN: UNO AREA

80 80 80 75 75 77 79 78 7A

21.6V 23.9W 26.3W •• A3.0W 55.OW A9.0W 20.0W OA.OU 15.0W
Figure 6.- MR-3 earth track showing general impact area.

Abort with engine cutoff.

Abort without engine cutoff. Abort via: Capsule command receivers. Booster tail plug. Booster umbilical up to umbilical drop. Abort interrupts automatic sequence. Launch Director has sole abort responsibility. Emergency engine cutoff with abort. Abort vi'a; Capsule command receivers. Booster tail plug up to liftoff!

BOOSTER AUTOMATIC ABORT SENSING SYSTEM Abort Sensors

MERCURY CONTROL CENTER . - . A Y \/ \/ W \ /\ A A Abort Via: Capsule Command ReceiversVVNAAA Abort Via: Capsule Comn

\\XAXX X X Y WWvX AA

RANGE SAFETY OFFICER ,g\ \ \ \ —v Via: Booster Command Receivers.. \ \ \ \ \ \
\ A \ \ \
N' \

\ \

- -

\\\ v^

A/\A/Y

,/LAl UNCH DIRECTOR

AA/Y/

•Abort via: Capsule command ; receivers.

T-20 min. Abort Arming (Actuation of Pad Safety, Capsule abort, and Test Conductor abort switches).

T-l see. sec. Mainstage Capsule umbilical drop (Firing command; start of automatic sequence ) .

T+30 sec._ Abort cutoff arming(engine), Booster out of Launch Directors sight.

T+1A2.6 Normal Cutoff

Figure 7.- Ways of initiating abort.

ANGULAR VELOCITY SENSOR Rate Abort Switches Specification! Pitch and Yaw ±

PITCH

0.3%ec - 0.0%ac

5%e°

YAH
ROLL

Pitch S/N 21 CW 50°W .9/

CWW 5 1 % c . 3 e

Roll + 12%ec + 0.6°/88C - 0'.0%ec Yaw S/N 20 Roll S/N 11 CW 5.12%ec CW 12.15%ec CCW 5.20%ec CCtf 12.10°/«ec

ATTITUDE ERROR SENSQH Attitude error abort aensor S/N 113

Specificationi

Pitch and Yaw ± 5° + 1° -0° Roll ± 10° + 2° - 0°

Flight LEV-3 S/N 50 + Pitch - 5°27< + Yaw - 5°27' + Roll - 10°4.8' - Pitch - 5°26' - Yaw - 5°28' - Roll - 10°50' • Refer to figure for Tilting program

COMBUSTION CHAMBER PRESSURE SWITCHES Specification! 210 + 15 PSIG (Decreasing)
P - 30 PSI Max. 3/n 16021 . S/N 160115 Decreasing 220 PSIG Decreasing 219 PSIG Increasing 225 PSIG Increasing 226.5 PSIG £>? - 5 PSI AP - 7.5 PSI

CONTROL VOLTAGE FAILURE SENSORS Specification: 50 + 2 volts
(drop-out value)

Drop-Out K23 - 50.6 Volts KZ4 - 50.5 Volts

Pick-Dp
5 . Volts 24 52.5 Volts Liftof?
50 100 TIME OF PULSE INITIATION (Seconds)

C.O. 1A2.5

MR.-2 PULSE PROGRAM FOR TILTING

Figure 8.- Booster

lOraatic Inflight Abort Sensing System

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