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1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) A U-tube differential manometer connects two pipes carrying liquid of specific

gravity 2.15 at two points L and M. The pressure at L is 150kN/m2 and that

at M is 210kN/m2 . Point L is 3 m higher than point M. What would be the

deflection in the manometer which uses mercury as manometric liquid? [8+8]

(b) What type of acceleration is to be expected if

i. Streamlines are parallel and equidistant

ii. Streamlines are straight and converging

iii. Streamlines are curved but equispaced

iv. Streamlines are curved and converging. [8+8]

3. (a) Write various forms of Bernoulli’s equation. What are the various application

of Momentum equation?

(b) The water is flowing through a pipe having diameters 20cm and 10cm at

section 1 and 2 respectively. The rate of flow through pipe is 35 × 10−3 m3 /s.

The section 1 is 6m above datum and section 2 is 4m above datum. If the

pressure at section 1 is 40N/cm2 , find the intensity of pressure @ section 2.

[8+8]

by a pipeline ABC, which consists of two pipes AB and BC joined in series. Pipe

AB is 10 cm in diameter, 20 m long and has a value of f = 0.02. Pipe BC is of 16

cm diameter, 25 m long and has a f = 0.018. The junctions with the reservoirs and

between the pipes are abrupt.

(b) what difference in water elevations is necessary to have a discharge of 15

litres/sec. (include all minor losses). [16]

5. (a) What is a Weir? How are the weirs classified? What is the difference between

a sharp crested and a broad crested weir?

(b) Find the depth and top width of a V -notch capable of discharging a maximum

of 0.7m3 /sec and such that the head shall be 75 mm for a discharge of 5.6

litres/sec. Its Cd is same as that of a similar (in material and sharpness of

edges only) right angled V -notch for which Q = 1.407H 2.5 . [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR210201 Set No. 1

6. A square plate weighing 115N and of uniform thickness and 30 cm edge is hung so

that horizontal jet 2 cm diameter and having a velocity of 15 m/s impinges on the

plate. The center line of the jet is 15 cm below the upper edge of the plate, and

when the plate is vertical the jet strikes the plate normally and at its center. Find

what force must be applied at the lower edge of the plate in order to keep plate

vertical.If the plate is allowed to swing freely, find the inclination to vertical which

the plate will assume under the action of jet. [16]

outer diameter of the runner is 3.5 m and the hub diameter is 1.75 m. The guide

blade angle at the extreme edge of the runner is 350 . The hydraulic and overall

efficiencies of the turbine are 85 and 80% respectively. If the velocity of whirl is

zero at outlet, determine the runner vane angles at inlet and outlet. [16]

8. A single acting reciprocating pump has a plunger of 7.5cm diameter and a stroke

length of 15cm. It takes its supply of water from a sump 3m below the pump

through a pipe 5m long and 4cm diameter. It delivers water to a tank 12m above

the pump through a pipe 3 cm in diameter and 15m long. If separation occurs at

7 N/cm2 below the atmospheric pressure, find the maximum speed at which pump

may be operated without separation. Assume that plunger has simple harmonic

motion. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR210201 Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) A differential manometer is connected to pressure taps 3 m apart in a pipe

inclined at 300 to the horizontal. The manometer contains mercury and shows

a deflection of 20 cm. The pipe conveys oil of specific gravity 0.9. What is the

pressure drop? [8+8]

2. (a) Briefly explain the classification of flows.

(b) What type of acceleration is to be expected if

i. Streamlines are parallel and equidistant

ii. Streamlines are straight and converging

iii. Streamlines are curved but equispaced

iv. Streamlines are curved and converging. [8+8]

3. A 450 deflection angle reducing bend lies in a horizontal plane and tapers from 60

cm diameter to 30 cm diameter at the outlet. The pressure at the inlet is 15 kPa

and flow through the bend is 0.5m3 /s of water. Assuming friction loss of 20% of

kinetic energy at inlet, compute the magnitude and direction of the resultant force

exerted by water on the bend. [16]

4. (a) Derive Dupit’s equation for an equivalent pipe

(b) Three pipes of 400mm, 200mm and 300mm diameters have lengths of 400mm,

200mm and 300mm respectively. They are connected in series to make a

compound pipe. The ends of this compound pipe are connected with two

tanks where difference of water levels is 16m. Assume the friction factor as

0.005. Determine the discharge through the compound pipe neglecting minor

losses. [8+8]

5. Water flows at the rate of 150 litres per second through a 0.015m diameter orifice in

a 0.03m diameter pipe. If the pressure gauges fitted upstream and down stream of

the orifice indicate readings of 2 bar and 1 bar respectively, calculate the discharge

coefficient of the orifice meter. [16]

6. A jet of water having a velocity of 30m/s impinges on a series of vanes mounted on

the periphery of a wheel moving with a peripheral velocity of 15m/s. The absolute

velocity is directed at an angle of 300 to the direction of motion of the vanes. The

relative velocity at outlet is 95% of the value at inlet. The absolute velocity at exist

is normal to the direction of vanes. Assuming smooth entry, find the vane angles

at inlet and outlet, and the hydraulic efficiency of vanes. [16]

1 of 2

Code No: RR210201 Set No. 2

7. Draw the constant head characteristic curves for Hydraulic turbines. [16]

(b) A three throw pump has cylinder bore 80 cm and stroke 60 cm. The pump is

required to deliver 100 lps at a head of 130 m. Friction losses in the suction

and delivery pipes are 1m and 18 m respectively. The velocity of water in the

pipe is 1 m/s. If the efficiency is 90% and slip is 2%, determine the speed and

power required to drive the pump. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR210201 Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Obtain expressions for excess pressure inside a water droplet and a soap bub-

ble.

(b) A plate of 1m2 area having mass 1.53 kg slides down an inclined plane with a

velocity of 0.5 m/s. The angle of inclination of plane with respect to horizontal

is Sin−1 (5/13). The thickness of oil film between the plate and plane is 1.5

mm. Calculate the viscosity of oil. [8+8]

(b) Distinguish between stream line, path line and streak line. [8+8]

(b) The cross-sectional area of a convergent pipe is so shaped that the velocity of

flow along the centre line varies linearly from 1 m/s to 10 m/s in a distance of

one metre. The pipe is inclined downward at an angle of 300 with horizontal.

Determine the difference in pressure between the two points, assuming the

specific weight of the liquid as 7.85kN/m3 . [8+8]

(b) Determine the wall shearing stress in a pipe of diameter 100mm which carries

water. The velocity at the pipe centre and 30mm, from the pipe centre are 2

m/s and 1.5 m/s respectively. The flow in pipe is assumed to be turbulent.

[8+8]

5. (a) Explain the working principle of an orifice meter with a neat sketch.

(b) An orifice meter with orifice diameter 15cm is inserted in a pipe of 30cm

diameter. The pressure gauges fitted upstream and downstream of the orifice

meter give readings of 14.715N/cm2 and 9.81N/cm2 respectively. Find the

rate of flow of water through the pipe in liters/so Take Cd = 0.6. [8+8]

jet of fluid on a stationary curved vane. [16]

7. Draw the general layout of a Hydro-Electric Power plant and explain the working.

[16]

8. (a) What are the different heads and efficiencies used in Centrifugal pumps. Ex-

plain.

(b) Obtain the equation for minimum starting speed of a Centrifugal pump. [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR210201 Set No. 3

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR210201 Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Mention two important properties of fluid which affect fluid motion to a con-

siderable extent. Elaborate your answer.

(b) A gas bubble 10 mm in diameter rises uniformly through a liquid of specific

gravity 1.5 at a speed of 0.3 cm/s. What is the viscosity of liquid? [8+8]

2. (a) Briefly explain the classification of flows.

(b) What type of acceleration is to be expected if

i. Streamlines are parallel and equidistant

ii. Streamlines are straight and converging

iii. Streamlines are curved but equispaced

iv. Streamlines are curved and converging. [8+8]

3. (a) Explain the different forms of energy in a fluid.

(b) The cross-sectional area of a convergent pipe is so shaped that the velocity of

flow along the centre line varies linearly from 1 m/s to 10 m/s in a distance of

one metre. The pipe is inclined downward at an angle of 300 with horizontal.

Determine the difference in pressure between the two points, assuming the

specific weight of the liquid as 7.85kN/m3 . [8+8]

4. (a) Derive Dupit’s equation for an equivalent pipe

(b) Three pipes of 400mm, 200mm and 300mm diameters have lengths of 400mm,

200mm and 300mm respectively. They are connected in series to make a

compound pipe. The ends of this compound pipe are connected with two

tanks where difference of water levels is 16m. Assume the friction factor as

0.005. Determine the discharge through the compound pipe neglecting minor

losses. [8+8]

5. A pitot tube is mounted on an airplane to indicate the relative speed of the plane.

What differential pressure intensity will the instrument register when the plane is

traveling at a speed of 220km/hr in a wind blowing at 40km/hr against the direction

of motion of the plane? Take specific weight of air as 11.9N/m3 . [16]

6. A jet of water having a velocity of 30m/s strikes a series of radial curved vanes

mounted on a wheel, which is rotating at 200 rpm. The jet makes an angle of 200

with the tangent to the wheel at inlet and leaves the wheel with a velocity of 5m/s

at an angle of 1300 to the tangent to the wheel at outlet. Water is flowing from

outward in a radial direction. The outer and inner radii of the wheel are 0.5m and

0.25m respectively. Determine;

1 of 2

Code No: RR210201 Set No. 4

(a) Vane angles at inlet and outlet,

(b) Work done per unit weight of water and

(c) Efficiency of the wheel. [16]

7. Draw the general layout of a Hydro-Electric Power plant and explain the working.

[16]

8. The impeller of a centrifugal pump has 1.2 m outside diameter. It is used to lift

1800 litres of water per second against a head of 6 m. Its vanes make an angle

of 1500 with the direction of motion at outlet and runs at 200 rpm. If the radial

velocity of flow at outlet is 2.5 m/s, find the manometric efficiency. Also find the

lowest speed to start the pump, if the diameter of the impeller at inlet is equal to

half the diameter at exit. [16]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

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