# Code No: RR311801

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Two aero planes bomb a target in succession. The probability of each correctly scoring a hit is 0.3 and 0.2 respectively. The second will bomb only if the ﬁrst misses the target. Find the probability that i. one target is hit ii. both fails to score hits (b) There are three boxes. Box I contains 10 light bulbs of which 4 are defective. Box II contains 6 light bulbs of which one is defective. Box III contains 8 light bulbs of which 3 are defective. A box is chosen and a bulb is drawn. Find the probability that the bulb is non defective. [8+8] 2. (a) Deﬁne random variable, discrete probability distribution, continuous probability distribution and cumulative distribution. Give an example of each. (b) Assume that 50% of all engineering students are good in mathematics. Determine the probabilities that among 18 engineering students i. ii. iii. iv. exactly 10 at least 10 at most 8 at least 2 and at most 9 , are good in mathematics.

[8+8]

3. (a) Suppose 2% of the people on the average are left handed. Find i. the probability of ﬁnding 3 or more left handed ii. the probability of ﬁnding ≤ 1 left handed. (b) The mean and standard deviation of a normal variate are 8 and 4 respectively ﬁnd i. P(5 ≤ x ≤10) ii. P(x ≥ 5) [8+8]

4. (a) The mean life time of light bulbs produced by company is 1500 hours with standard deviation of 150 hours. Determine the probability that lighting will take place for i. at least 5000 hours ii. at most 4200 hours if three bulbs are connected such that when one bulb burns out another bulb will go on. Assume that the life times are normally distributed.

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Code No: RR311801

Set No. 1

(b) Find the probability that random samples of 100 bolts, chosen from a lot of 500 bolts having mean weight of 142.30 gms and standard deviation of 8.50 gms, will have a combined weight of i. between 14061 and 14175 gms ii. more than 14460 gms. [8+8]

5. (a) Experiences had shown that 20% of a manufactured product is of the top quality. In one days production of 400 articles only 50 are of top quality. Test the hypothesis at 0.05 level. (b) Ten bearings made by a certain process have a mean diameter of 0.5060 cm with a standard deviation of 0.0040 cm. Assuming that the data may be looked upon as a random sample from a normal distribution, construct a 95% conﬁdence interval for the actual average diameter of the bearings? [8+8] 6. A die is thrown 60 times with the following results. Face 1 2 3 4 5 6 Frequency 8 7 12 8 14 11 Test the goodness of ﬁt at 5% level. [8+8]

7. (a) The following data pertain to the demand for a product ( in thousands of units) and its price ( in cents) charged in ﬁve diﬀerent market areas: Price (x) 20 16 10 11 14 Demand 22 41 120 89 56 Fit a parabola of the form y = ao + a1 xto the above data (b) Fit the model y =axb to the following data: x: 1 2 3 4 5 y: 2.98 4.26 5.21 6.10 6.80 6 7.50

[8+8]

8. (a) The following table gives experimental values of the three variates X,Y and Z. Fit a multiple regression of the type Z = α X + βY. X 1 2 3 5 Y 1 3 4 2 Z 7 18 25 23 (b) The following are the marks obtained by 12 students in Economics and Statistics: Economics(x) 78 56 36 66 25 75 82 62 Statistics(y) 84 44 51 58 60 68 62 58 Compute the Spearman rank correlation coeﬃcient between x and y [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311801

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne a random experiment, sample space, event and mutually exclusive events. Give examples of each. (b) Box A contains 5 red and 3 white marbles and box B contains 2 red and 6 white marbles. i. If a marble is drawn from each box, what is the probability that they are both of the same color? [8+8] 2. (a) A pair of dice are thrown. Let the random variable X assign to each point (a,b) in S the sum of its numbers. i. Find the distribution of X ii. the mean of the random variable iii. the variance of the random variable. (b) The probability that a student is successful in a mathematics examination is 0.4. If 15 students appear for the examination determine the probability that i. at least 10 ii. from 3 to 8 are successful. 3. (a) If a Poisson distribution is such that P(x=1). Find i. p(x ≥1) ii. p(x ≤ 3) iii. p(2≤ x ≤ 5) (b) A sales tax oﬃcer has reported that the average sales of the 500 business that he has to deal with during a year is Rs.36,000 with a standard deviation of 10,000. Assuming that the sales in these business are normally distributed, ﬁnd i. the number of business as the sales of while are Rs.40,000/ii. the percentage of business the sales of while are likely to range between Rs. 30,000/- and Rs.40,000/[8+8] 4. There are 25 cards on four of them written 5, on six of them 10, on ﬁve of them 15, on three of them 20, on four of them 25 and three of them 30. One are each of 5,10,15,20,25,30 are selected without replacement. Find (a) The mean of the population. 1 of 2
3 2

[8+8] = P(x=3).

Code No: RR311801 (b) Standard deviation of the population. (c) Mean of means of sampling distribution.

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(d) Standard deviation of means of sampling distribution.

5. (a) In a study of an automobile insurance a random sample of 80 body repair costs had a mean of Rs. 472.36 and a standard deviation of Rs 62.35. If x is used as a point estimate to the true average repair costs, with what conﬁdence we can assert that the maximum error doesn’t exceed Rs. 10? (b) A manufacturer of electric bulbs claims that the percentage defectives in his product doesn’t exceed 6. A sample of 40 bulbs is found to contain 5 defectives. Would you consider the claim justiﬁed? [8+8] 6. (a) A random sample from a company’s very extensive ﬁles shows that the orders for a certain kind of machinery were ﬁled, respectively in 10,12,19,14,15,18,11 and 13 days. Use the level of signiﬁcance α=0.01 to test the claim that on the average such orders are ﬁeld in 10.5 days. Assume normality? (b) The results of polls conducted 2 weeks and 4 weeks before a gubernatorial election are shown in the following table: Two weeks before election Four weeks before election For Republican canditate 79 91 For Democratic canditate 84 66 Undecided 37 43 Use the 0.05 level of signiﬁcance to test whether there has been a change in opinion during the 2 weeks between the polls. [8+8] 7. (a) The following data pertain to the demand for a product ( in thousands of units) and its price ( in cents) charged in ﬁve diﬀerent market areas: Price (x) 20 16 10 11 14 Demand 22 41 120 89 56 Fit a parabola of the form y = ao + a1 xto the above data (b) Fit the model y =axb to the following data: x: 1 2 3 4 5 y: 2.98 4.26 5.21 6.10 6.80 6 7.50

[8+8]

8. (a) If there are no ties in the ranks then show that the rank correlation is given 6Σd2 i be ρ = 1 − n(n2 −1) where di = rank of xi ? rank of yi (b) For 20 army personnel, the regression of weight of kidneys (y) on weight of heart (x), both measured in oz, is y = 0.399 x + 6.394 and the regression of weight of heart on weight of kidneys is x = 1.212y - 2.461. Find the correlation coeﬃcient between the two variables and also their means. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR311801

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) For any three arbitrary events A, B, C , prove that P (A′ ∪ B ′ ∪ C) = P (A)+ P (B) + P (C) − P (A ∩ B) − P (B ∩ C) − P (C ∩ A) + P (A ∩ B ∩ C) (b) In a certain town 40% have brown hair, 25% have brown eyes and 15% have both brown hair and brown eyes. A person is select at random from the town i. If he has brown hair, what is the probability that he has brown eyes also ii. If he has brown eyes, determine the probability that he does not have brown hair [8+8] 2. (a) Deﬁne random variable, discrete probability distribution, continuous probability distribution and cumulative distribution. Give an example of each. (b) Assume that 50% of all engineering students are good in mathematics. Determine the probabilities that among 18 engineering students i. ii. iii. iv. exactly 10 at least 10 at most 8 at least 2 and at most 9 , are good in mathematics.

[8+8]

3. (a) Using recurrence formula ﬁnd the probabilities when x=0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 If the mean of Poisson distribution is 3. (b) If the masses of 300 students are normally distributed with mean 68 kgs and standard deviation 3 kgs how many students have masses. i. Greater then 72 kg ii. Less than or equal to 64 kg iii. Between 65 and 71 kg inclusive

[8+8]

4. (a) What is the probability that X will be between 75 and 78 if a random sample of size 100 taken from an inﬁnite population has mean 76 and variance 256. (b) According to the norms established for a mechanical aptitude test persons who are 18 years old should average 73.2 with a standard deviation 8.6. If 4 randomly selected persons of that age averaged 76.7, test the null hypothesis µ = 73.2 against the alternate hypothesis µ > 73.2 at the 0.01 level of signiﬁcance? [8+8] 5. (a) In a random sample of 125 cola drinkers, 68 said they prefer thumsup to pepsi. Test the null hypothesis p = 0.5 against the alternate hypothesis p>0.5 1 of 2

Code No: RR311801

Set No. 3

(b) A random sample of 100 teachers in a large metropolitan area revealed a mean weekly salary of Rs. 487 with a standard deviation Rs. 48. With what degree of conﬁdence can we assert that the average weekly salary of all teachers in the metropolitan area is between 472 to 502? [8+8] 6. (a) Four methods are under development for making discs of a super conducting material. Fifty discs are made by each method and they are checked for super conductivity when cooled with liquid. 1st Method 2nd Method 3rd Method 4th Method Super Conductors 31 42 22 25 Failures 19 8 28 25 (b) Test the signiﬁcant diﬀerence between the proportions of Superconductors at .05 level, 20 From the following data ﬁnd whether there is any signiﬁcant liking in the habit of taking soft drinks among the categories of employees. [8+8] Employees Soft drinks Clerks Teachers Oﬃcers Pepsi 10 25 65 Thums up 15 30 65 Fanta 50 60 30 7. (a) Derive normal equations to ﬁt the curve of the form y = a + bx2 (b) Fit a curve of the form y = a + bx for the following data and ﬁnd y when x = 12. [6+10] x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 y 9 8 10 12 11 13 14 16 15 8. The marks obtained by 10 students in mathematics and statistics are given below. Find the coeﬃcient of correlation between the two subjects and the two lines of regression. [16] Marks in maths 75 30 60 80 53 35 15 40 38 48 Marks in statistics 85 45 54 91 58 63 35 43 45 44

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Code No: RR311801

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS (Metallurgy & Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) If 4 tickets are drawn from tickets numbered 1 to 30 inclusive, determine the probability that the tickets marked 1 and 2 are among the four of them (b) Suppose colored balls are distributed in three indistinguishable boxes as follows: Box − I Box − II Box − III Red 2 4 3 white 3 1 4 Blue 5 3 3 A box is selected at random from which a ball is selected at a random. What is the probability that the ball is colored i. red ii. blue 2. (a) A random variable X has the following distribution X 1 2 3 4 8 9 P(x) k 3k 5k 7k 9k 11k Determine i. K ii. mean iii. p(x ≥ 3) (b) Derive a recurrence relation of Binomial distribution and also ﬁnd the mode of Binomial distribution [8+8] 3. (a) Using recurrence formula ﬁnd the probabilities when x=0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 If the mean of Poisson distribution is 3. (b) If the masses of 300 students are normally distributed with mean 68 kgs and standard deviation 3 kgs how many students have masses. i. Greater then 72 kg ii. Less than or equal to 64 kg iii. Between 65 and 71 kg inclusive [6+10]

[8+8]

4. (a) Sample of size 2 are taken from the population 1,2,3,4,5,6 without replacement Find 1 of 3

Code No: RR311801 i. ii. iii. iv. The The The The

Set No. 4

mean of the population. standard deviation of the population. mean of sampling distribution of means. standard deviation of sampling distribution of means.

(b) In 64 randomly selected hours of production the mean and the standard deviation of the number of acceptance pieces produced by an automatic stamping machine are x = 1.038 and the standard deviation σ = .146. At the .05 level of signiﬁcance test the hypothesis if µ =1.000. [10+6] 5. (a) Experiences had shown that 20% of a manufactured product is of the top quality. In one days production of 400 articles only 50 are of top quality. Test the hypothesis at 0.05 level. (b) Ten bearings made by a certain process have a mean diameter of 0.5060 cm with a standard deviation of 0.0040 cm. Assuming that the data may be looked upon as a random sample from a normal distribution, construct a 95% conﬁdence interval for the actual average diameter of the bearings? [8+8] 6. (a) A large electronic ﬁrm that hires many workers with disabilities wants to determine whether their disabilities aﬀect such workers performance. Use the level of signiﬁcance of α = 0.05 to decide on the basis of the following data, whether it is reasonable to maintain that the disabilities have no eﬀect on the worker’s performance; Above Blind Deaf No disability average 21 16 29 Average 64 49 93 Below average 17 14 28

(b) It has been suggested that an average college teacher in Andhra Pradesh spends less than 10 hours in a week on his own academic schedule. The ﬁgures for the time spent during a week are given below for 12 teachers: 7.1 9.6 13.1 3.4 7.8 0.1 3.6 7.2 8.4 20.3 4.9 11.1 [8+8]

Is the claim justiﬁed with the level of signiﬁcance of 0.05? 7. (a) Derive normal equations to ﬁt y = axb (b) Fit a parabola of the form y = a + bx + cx2 for the following data x 2 4 6 8 10 y 3.07 12.85 31.47 57.38 91.29

[6+10]

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Code No: RR311801

Set No. 4

8. The following data relate to the marks of 10 students in the internal test and the university examination for the maximum of 50 each Internal marks (x) 25 28 30 32 35 36 38 39 42 45 University marks (y) 20 26 29 30 25 18 26 35 35 46 Find the coeﬃcient of correlation and the two lines of regression. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16]

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