Maslow’s framework of basic needs is based on the theory that something is a basic need if: • its absence results in illness

• its presence prevents or signals health • meeting an unmet need restores health Maslow arranges basic human needs in a hierarchy, in which certain needs are more basic than others. Although all the needs are present, the individual strives to meet certain of the needs at least to a minimal level before attending to the others. PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS The physical needs inherent in all human beings: among them are the needs for oxygen, food, fluids, sleep and procreation to assure the continuation of human existence. Physiological needs are sometimes referred to as basic needs. Physiological needs must be met at least minimally for life to continue. Below the level of substance, death occurs. SAFETY NEEDS The need for safety is subordinate only to basic physiological needs. Safety is both physiological and psychological. We need not only a safe physical environment, a shelter but also the feeling of psychological safety. To feel safe we need regular contact with people we trust and feel close to. LOVE & BELONGING NEEDS The security we gain from love and belonging enhances the feeling of safety. Our feeling of structure and security is reinforced when we know where we stand in relation to others, and who we are to them. We all need mutually meaningful relationships with other people. SELF – ESTEEM NEEDS Self – esteem is derived largely from the feeling that we are valued by those around us. We feel good about ourselves when the people who are important to us express acceptance and approval. But self – esteem comes from within; it is related to the assessments of our own adequacy, our performance and

 They have a system of morality that is fully internalized and independent of external authority.  They judge others without prejudice. both personal and professional and that others hold one in high regard.our capacity in the various arenas of lives.     They are spontaneous in their ideas and actions. this often includes the problems of others. SELF – ACTUALIZATION NEEDS The need to reach one’s potential through development of one’s unique capabilities. in a way that can be termed objective. The process of self – actualization is on that continues throughout life.  Maslows Need theory at Work Potential Means of Fulfillment at Work . each lower level of need must be met to some degree before this need can be satisfied. The following are qualities that indicate achievement of one’s potential: • Acceptance of self and others as they are • Focus of interest on problems outside of self • Ability to be objective • Feelings of happiness and affection for others • Respect for all persons • Ability to discriminate between good and evil • Creativity as a guideline for solving problems and carrying out interests Maslow writes of self-actualizing people that: They embrace the facts and realities of the world (including themselves) rather than denying or avoiding them. They feel a closeness to other people. They are interested in solving problems. and generally appreciate life. Solving these problems is often a key focus in their lives. They are creative. In general.

the next need becomes dominant. esteem. •Social and Belongingness Needs – Supportive coworkers . social. •Safety Needs – Job security. water. comfortable work environment. social. •Lower-Order Needs . recognition.Needs that are satisfied externally. physiological and safety needs. life insurance. developing and mentoring others. •Self Actualization Needs – Challenging projects. •Higher-Order Needs . promotions. •So if you want to motivate someone . supervisors. understand what level of needs hierarchy that person is currently on and focus on satisfying needs at or above that level . As each need is substantially satisfied.Needs that are satisfied internally. safety. and self-actualization. a substantially satisfied need no longer motivates. cafeteria. awards. •Esteem Needs – Important projects. and self-actualization needs.•Physiological Needs – Basic pay. opportunities for innovation and creativity . esteem. working in a hazard free environment and safety regulations. benefits like medical insurance. etc Maslow’ s Hierarchy of Needs Theory •There is a hierarchy of five needs: physiological. peers. temperature. •Although no need is ever fully gratified. Being in groups that are compatible.

•Esteem Needs – Important projects. and other bodily needs.These include needs for belonging.Maslows Need theory at Work Potential Means of Fulfillment at Work •Physiological Needs – Basic pay. promotions. •Social and Belongingness Needs – Supportive coworkers . Being in groups that are compatible. water. love and affection.After the first three needs have been satisfied. etc Physiological Needs– Hunger.This is the highest level of Maslow’s hierarchy of . as doesinvolvement in social. personal worth. Examples of security needs include a desire for steady employment. comfortable work environment. life insurance. peers. Safety Needs – Security and protection from physical and bodily harm. Esteem Needs . shelter. health insurance. Self-actualizing Needs . community or religious groups. •Safety Needs – Job security. romantic attachmentsand families help fulfill this need for companionship and acceptance. Social Needs . benefits like medical insurance. esteem needs becomes increasingly important. Relationships such as friendships. cafeteria. opportunities for innovation and creativity . Maslow believed that these needs are the most basic and instinctive needs in the hierarchy because all needs become secondary until these physiological needs are met. working in a hazard free environment and safety regulations. awards. temperature. relief from pain. safe neighborhoods and shelter from the environment. thirst. •Self Actualization Needs – Challenging projects.recognition and accomplishment. status. recognition. developing and mentoring others. supervisors. acceptance. These include the need for things that reflect on self-esteem. Maslow considered these needs to be less basic than physiological and security needs.

and self fulfillment .needs. The drive to become what one is capable of becoming. achieving one’s potential. Includes growth.

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