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A very useful capability of the TI-89 is solving equations. To ﬁnd the real roots of an equation, ﬁrst hit F2 Algebra and select 1: solve( Complete the entry line in the following form: solve(equation, variable) Examples: 1. To solve the equation 2x2 + 3x − 4 = 0, use: solve(2x∧ 2 + 3x - 4 = 0, x) enter [Note that the comma is a necessary part of the command and is available on the TI89 keypad. Also enter the right parenthesis. Two roots will be displayed, equivalent to the solutions found “by hand” using the Quadratic Formula.] 2. solve(2x∧ 2 + 3x + 4 = 0, x) enter returns False; that is, there are no real roots. If the command is changed to csolve(2x∧ 2 + 3x +4 = 0, x) enter (that is, solve for complex roots), the imaginary roots from the Quadratic Formula are displayed. 3. solve(2x∧ 3 + 3x + 4 = 0, x) enter returns the one real root -.879615. 4. csolve(2x∧ 3 + 3x + 4 = 0, x) enter returns -.879615 and two additional conjugate imaginary roots. 5. To ﬁnd the real root of the equation sin(x) = x2 between 0 and π: solve(sin(x) = x∧ 2 , x) | x > 0 and x < π enter (.876726)

The “and” in the command need not be typed in letter by letter; it’s one of the options in Catalog. Scroll through the options until the cursor is on and. Then hit enter. 6. Systems of equations can also be solved by modifying the standard solve command slightly. For example, to ﬁnd the points of intersection of the circle centered at the origin with radius 5 and the line x + y = 1: solve(x∧ 2 + y∧ 2 = 25 and x + y + 1, x, y) enter

x3 + x − 1 = 0 b.682328] [Answer: . Find x between 0 and π/2 such that tan x = 1 − x2 . Find the points of intersection of the ellipse 4x2 + 5y 2 = 6 and the hyperbola 7x2 − 8y 2 = 9. exactly 3 times as long. 2x − 3x − 2x + 1 = 0 [Answer: 1. x2 + x − 2 + 2x2 − x − 3 = 3x2 − 5 [Answer: 3/2. -2] 2. Suppose that a ladder is leaning against a building and makes acute angle θ with the ground. Use the solve option on the TI-89 to ﬁnd the real roots of the following equations: a. -1. Find θ.0948◦ ] 3. . leans against the building from the same point on the ground. x3 + x2 − 1 = 0 3 2 [Answer: .355416.88923.583248] 4. θ = 24. √ √ √ √ y = [Answer: √ = 6231/67 and√ = 402/67 or x√ 6231/67 and y = − 402/67 x √ or x = − 6231/67 and y = 402/67 or x = − 6231/67 and y = − 402/67]. Suppose that when another ladder.Exercises: 1.744644] √ √ √ d. [Answer.754878] c. Use some trig to show that cos(3θ) = 1/3 cos θ. it makes acute angle 3θ with the ground. 1. 2 . [Answer: . -.

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