You are on page 1of 17

Name ___________________________________ Period _________

Adapted by Mrs. Buchinger from Kim Foglia Date ______________________

Complete the questions using the chapters of your textbook.

CHAPTER 28 - PROKARYOTES

PART 1. Directions: All answers are to be completed on your own and neatly written.

1. How common are prokaryotes on earth?

2. How do bacterial cell walls differ from plant cell walls?

3. How does the cell wall aid in classifying the bacteria?

4. List the methods bacteria use for locomotion.

5. Give an example of a stimulus and describe how bacteria react to that stimulus
(taxis).

6. How do bacteria typically reproduce?

1 of 17
Name ___________________________________

7. List three methods that can modify bacteria genetically.

a. _______________________________________________________________________

b. _______________________________________________________________________

c. _______________________________________________________________________

8. Identify and briefly define the four nutritional categories of bacteria.

d. _______________________________________________________________________

e. _______________________________________________________________________

f. _______________________________________________________________________

g. _______________________________________________________________________

9. How has molecular systematics lead to classifying prokaryotes into two domains?

10. What is the ecological significance of prokaryotes?

2 of 17
Name ___________________________________

PART 2. Directions: Using Table


26.1 on page 516 and the information
in the text, outline the key
characteristics that distinguish the
three domains. Include examples of
organisms in each domain.

DOMAIN CHARACTERISTICS EXAMPLE

Bacteria

Archaea

Eukarya

3 of 17
Name ___________________________________

CHAPTER 29 - PROTISTS

PART 1. Directions: All answers are to be completed on your own and neatly written.

11. Why are Protists said to be the most diverse of all eukaryotes?

12. What process is thought to be involved in the genesis of eukaryotes from


prokaryotes?

13. Define serial endosymbiosis?

4 of 17
Name ___________________________________

PART 2. Directions: Using Figure 29.5 on page 570 and the information in the text, outline the
key characteristics that distinguish the major branches of the Domain Eukarya identified on
the diagram.

BRANCH POINT CHARACTERISTICS

1. Diplomonads
and
Parabasalids

2. Euglenozoa

3. Alveolata

4. Stamenopila

5. Rhodophyta

5 of 17
Name ___________________________________

6. Chlorophyta

7. Choanoflagelida

CHAPTER 30- Green Plants


1. Chart the four phyla of the plant kingdom. Include the common names of each, the
approximate number species, and the major characteristics.

a._________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

b._________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

c._________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

d._________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

2. Why are Charophyceans thought to be ancestors of land plants?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

6 of 17
Name ___________________________________

3. List several adaptations of land plants significant for terrestrial survival.

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

4. Label the generic diagram to explain Alternation of Generations

5. Describe a few features common to Bryophytes.

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

6. What is the dominant phase of the moss life cycle?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

7. List a couple of adaptations of Pteridophytes (ferns) not seen in Bryophytes.

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

8. What is the dominate phase of the fern life cycle?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

9. How is the reduced gametophyte an adaptation for seeded plants?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

10. What is the significance of the seed?

_____________________________________________________________________________

7 of 17
Name ___________________________________

11. What is the advantage of pollen?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

12. List the four phyla of gymnosperms. Which is the most common?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

13. Identify five differences between monocots and dicots.

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

CHAPTER 31 FUNGI

PART 1. Directions: All answers are to be completed on your own and neatly written.

14. How do fungi acquire nutrients?

15. Because of this mode of nutrition, fungi have evolved what structure to provide for
both extensive surface area and rapid growth?

16. How do the cell walls of fungi differ from the cell walls of plants?

8 of 17
Name ___________________________________

17. How do fungi contribute to an ecosystem?

18. Give some examples of how fungi are important to humans.

9 of 17
Name ___________________________________

PART 2. Directions: Using Figure 31.1 on page 615 and the information in the text, outline the
key characteristics of each branch of the Kingdom Fungi identified on the diagram. Include
several examples of organisms in each division.

DIVISION CHARACTERISTICS EXAMPLE


Chytridiomycota

Zygomycota

Glomeromycota

Ascomycota

Basidiomycota

10 of 17
Name ___________________________________

CHAPTER 32 – OVERVIEW OF ANIMAL DIVERSITY

PART 1. Directions: All answers are to be completed on your own and neatly written.

19. Outline the major characteristics found in animals from table 32.1

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

20. Explain the five key innovations noted in animal evolution.

____________________________________________________________________________

21. What is the significance of cephalization as an evolutionary trend?

22. Define the following terms and describe their significance in classifying animals.

a. Acoelomates ____________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

b. Pseudocoelomates _______________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

c. Coelomates _____________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

d. Protostomes _____________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

11 of 17
Name ___________________________________

e. Deuterostomes ___________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

f. Bilateral symmetry ________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

g. radial symmetry___________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

h. blastopore ______________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

23. List a number of the major differences between the Protostomes and
Deuterostomes.

24. Label the stages of early embryonic development of animal.

12 of 17
Name ___________________________________

PART 2. Directions: Using Table 32.2 on page 641 and the information in the text, outline the
key characteristics of each branch of the Kingdom Animalia identified on the diagram. Use
definitions from Question 25 to supply the details in your chart. Include examples of organisms
in each division.

DIVISION CHARACTERISTICS EXAMPLE


1. Porifera

2. Cnidaria

3. Platyhelminthes

4. Nematoda

5. Rotifera

6. Mollusca

13 of 17
Name ___________________________________

DIVISION CHARACTERISTICS EXAMPLE


7. Annelida

8. Arthropoda

9. Echinodermata

10. Chordata

CHAPTERS 33 AND 34 - INVERTEBRATES

PART 1. Directions: All answers are to be completed on your own and neatly written.

25. How does the structure of a sponge relate to its method of nutrition?

26. What is a unique characteristic common to the Cnidarians?

14 of 17
Name ___________________________________

27. What are the two forms of shape within the Cnidarians?

28. What are some evolutionary advancements we see in the Platyhelminthes?

29. In what way are Platyhelminthes significant to humans?

30. What is unique in the structure and function of the Psedocoelomates?

31. List ways in which Nematodes impact humans.

32. List common examples that could be classified as Coelomate Protostomes.

33. What are the three major body regions of a Mollusk?

15 of 17
Name ___________________________________

34. What is the evolutionary significance of the coelom as seen in the Annelids?

35. What is the importance of segmentation?

36. Why are the Arthropoda regarded as the most successful of all animal phyla?

37. Identify a characteristic that was most significant to Arthropod success.

38. List common examples that could be classified as Coelomate Deuterostomes.

39. What traits are particularly unique to the Echinoderms?

Chapter 35 - Vertebrates
PART 1. Directions: All answers are to be completed on your own and neatly written.

40. What are the four characteristics of the Chordates?

16 of 17
Name ___________________________________

41. List and describe an example of an invertebrate chordate.

42. What characterizes the subphylum Vertebrata?

43. In the evolution of vertebrates, identify the significance of being tetrapod?

44. Identify the significance of the amniotic egg and the amniote?

17 of 17