Autocratic Leadership

³The cardinal responsibility of leadership is to identify the dominant contradiction at each point of the historical process and to work out a central line to resolve it.´ (Mao Tse-tung). ³The art of leadership consists in consolidating the attention of the people against a single adversary and taking care that nothing will split up that attention.´ (Adolf Hitler). ³The people who cast the votes don't decide an election, the people who count the votes do.´ (Joseph Stalin). Based on the statements above, we can observe identical ideas from the people who said it. The similarity among them is the fixed and unchangeable way of conveying their message. If we look thoroughly to their message, and if we assumed that we are under their provision, the probability that we will obey their rules and wants will be positive. But first, who are those people stated above. Mao Tse-tung was a Han Chinese revolutionary, political theorist and communist leader. He led the People's Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theoretical contribution to Marxism-Leninism, military strategies, and his brand of Communist policies are now collectively known as Maoism. Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of theNational Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and served as head of state as Führer und Reichskanzler from 1934 to 1945. Joseph Stalin was a Soviet politician and head of state who served as the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. Stalin assumed the leading role of the state after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924, and gradually marginalized his competitors until he had become the unchallenged leader.

Those persons were all leaders of their era and nations; they have the luxury of getting or pursuing possessions that they want with the use of their power. Another common attitude among the three is the nationalistic and patriotic approach to their country, that¶s why they made significant changes not only in their homeland but also in our world. They deal with their countrymen using their authority; they dominated different nations using their creative minds that lead them to right decision making and proper implementation. Knowing the traits and characteristics of the leaders above, the next question is what is their leadership style? As a leader, they are the autocrats. They used autocracy to gain supremacy and rule masses. Autocratic leadership is the style that they used to sustain influence within their hands. Autocratic leadership to be called dictatorship where only one person is entitled to workers or followers may be synonymous. The decision can be taken as the golden rule and should never be questioned. They plan out everything and to order his subordinates according to their rules work. For example, if a company's managing director, company employees as an autocratic leader will have to work according to rules set down by him. In their favour, which actually may help the company increase productivity contribution would not expect any. In short, the autocratic leader has full control of the people around him and he wants them to complete treatment as the right believes. So as a leader, many experts said that autocratic leadership is one of the most effective way in achieving triumphant results. The leader as a decision maker will attain credits after successful projects because he¶s the one who gives directions and plans for the group. But in a pessimistic approach, if the plan failed, the leader will be liable to everything that he has done; he will be the person to blame for not achieving the desired outcome. According to ³Guide to nursing management and leadership 8th edition´, the descriptions of an autocratic leader are as follows: has the strong control, Gives orders, Does decision making, does the planning, Directive and fosters dependency. If a person has these traits, he/ she can be an autocratic leader. But according to leadership theory, The Autocratic Leadership Style has been criticized by younger, higher skilled workers who resist the notion of a 'boss' to answer to. And, the authoritarian leader tends to be abrasive to more entrepreneurial personalities.

So if you want to have acquaintances, experts said that it is not advisable to use autocratic leadership because many people might hate your personality especially in terms of group project or role playing activities. But if you are willing to sacrifice comradeship for a better future, you can use autocratic leadership style. Some nations can tolerate autocracy, in addition to China and Russia, another autocratic country is North Korea. Kim Jong il as their leader, initiates nuclear making for security purposes. North Korea and South Korea has a long period war, South Korea started peace negotiations but North Korea didn¶t comply with the conditions of South Korea. The question is, with the current population of North Korea, is it fair enough that the only decision for everyone will come from their leader? For me, autocratic leadership is a very good way in achieving specific goals of a group, but I think autocracy will not be good enough to sustain harmonious relationship in the workplace. As a nurse, it is important to have a discussion with different fields of the medical team for a better result. Autocratic leadership uses downward communication wherein the leader or the head will think and if there¶s a decision, he / she will just promulgate it to his / her members without asking their comments, suggestions or opinions. There¶s a great disadvantage of using it especially if the leader and his / her colleagues have the same capacity and skills to do work because the members might have a better plan but because of the autocracy, they will be hold back to say it.

References Guide to nursing management and leadership 8th edition

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