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THE COMTE DE
The Secret of Kings
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THE COMTE DE ST. GERMAI
The Secret of kings: A Monograph
By Isabel Cooper-Oakley
Milano, G. Sulli-Rao
© 2010 Forgotten Books
First published 1912 Republished 2008 by Forgotten Books www·forgottenbooks.forgottenbooks.org .org © 2010 Forgotten Books www.
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docu me nted by the extensive colle tion of contemporary accounts in this book. Voltaire made a sarcastic comment that the Co nt was 'a ma n who knows eve ryth ing and never dies. In the 20th centu Am" Activity. esmer. and Casanova.the "I adhe- an 'A cended There is probably a good explanation for some of the anomalie in the na rrative. made opped . The Theosophists.' the Count St.made ject of ch Ms.g. considered St. He dropped hints that he was centu ries old and cou Id grow d iamo ds. which may explai n the te lepo rtation ru mors. co uId tra nsmute matte r. and its successors such as Elizabeth Clare Prophet' rents. and undoubtedly embellished in the telling. and neously teleported to distant locations. 178 spot-on. He served as a backchannel diplomat between Engl nd and France. Ma ny of the me moirs of St. totally celibate.forgottenbooks. up from time to time after his official death (on February 27th. He dabbled in materials and textile technology as well as alchemy. Germain. He hob obbed with Marie Antoinette. was an 18th century European aristocrat of unknown origin. Germa in we re writte n yea rs a er the events." " '-" vii PUBLISHER'S PREFACE About the Book "The original 'International Man of Mystery. He never ate in public.-. una m biguous prophecies. both high and low. and moved in h ig socia I circles.' wh ich some have nfortu- © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Germain to ofthe hidden immortals who manipulate history. (of wh Cooper-Oakley was a founding member). and may have played some role in Freemasonry. Voltaire. Germain to the status of a demigod. was ambidextrous.. He appears 0 have been conflated with several other aristocrats with similar last name. Newton). The Cou nt aIso inspi red id icu Ie. He had n visible mea ns of su pport. as did many intellectuals of the time (e. but no lack of resou rces..org . and as far as anyone co Id tell. Rousseau. Catherine the Great. elevated Master. Th se are esta blished historica I facts. be one . This has made him a su interest for students of the esoteric. Less well understood are some of the other stories that have bee about the elusive Count: he always appeared about forty years old. .' St. He was a renowned conversationalist and a skilled musi ian.
com) About the Isabel Coo er-Oakley (1853 . Aleister Crowley toyed with the idea of dis uising himse If as the Cou nt. at Bu apest. Germain told even vagant stories. Mead bec me her brother-in-law when he married her sister.5.forgottenbooks. Germain. Germain. He left to become Registrar a the University of Madras.org) © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Oakley." died March 3. Then there are the imposters. So was he hoax perp book. Hungary.org .viii -V tak n literally. (I'm guessing that Voltaire meant that it was to get him to shut up!) A contemporary Parisian comedian rd Gower had a popular routine in which St. Mr Cooper-Oakley stayed some year at Adyar. G. (1853/4) was a prominent Theosophist and author. India as an assistant to Olcott." (Quote from sacred-texts. Sometime in the late 1890s. the f for any dis time traveler? A vampire? Secret agent of the Illuminati? Or a tuated by an unrelated series of charlatans? This enjoyable rst biography of St. Isabel Cooper-Oakley 1914. They then both chan ed their surname to Cooper-Oakley. She was b rn in Amritza. A menta lIy ill French ma n got a n TV in 1972 an claimed to be St. including having advised Jesus. India.R. another prominent heosophist.1914) "Isabel Cooper-Oakley. (Quote from wikipedia. is the indispensible starting point ussion of the mysterious Cou nt. Casanova pretended to be him in 176 during a trip to Switzerland. and married Alfred J. and some of may have been mixed up with the Count's own tall tales in nately impossible named Mil more extr these gags popular m mary. Laura Cooper.
VOL.. I. MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS FROM E GUSH RECORD OFFICE © 2010 Forgotten Books www. (1758) MTE DE ST. THE PALACE OF H.forgottenbooks.6818. L. CLXVIII. LORD HOLDERNESSE'S 1 (12) 141 150 159 ETC. P. XV. BI BUOGRAPHY MITCHELL PAPERS. P.org . GERMAIN. THE QUEEN DUTCH EXTRACTS FROM THE "MEMOIRS HISTORISCH GENOOTSCHAP FROM THE DUTCH ORIGINAL.. M. PL T. 220.CON ENTS PUBLISHER'S PREFACE VII MYSTIC AND PHILOSOPHER HIS TRAVELS AND KNOWLEDGE THE COMING TRAGICAL POLITICAL MASONIC MASONIC APPENDICES DOCUMENTS THE COMTE CONCERNING THE A ARTMENT B IN CHAMBORD OFFERED TO DE SAINT GERMAIN BETWEEN LOUIS XV. OF U RECHT). TRANSLATED FROM THE REGARD TO THE C FROM THE PAPERS OF SIEUR BENT NCK VAN RHOON. 1760. V L. FROM THE DANGER PROPHECIES WORK PAPERS" T DITIONS TRADITION WORK AND AUSTRIAN 1 14 30 43 56 65 75 81 96 97 IN THE "MITCHELL CORRESPONDENCE D'AFFRY WITH ARCHIVES IN PARIS TH E DUC DE CHOISEUL AND TH E COMTE 101 IN THE ARCHIVES OF 128 F HARDEN BROCK" (EDITION OF THE 138 ORIENT" OF 140 F HOLLAND. TRANSLATED MASON IC DOCU M ENT FROM TH E ODGE OF TH E "GRAND FRANCE ADDITIONAL DESPATCHES.
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H.v-Mernoires de Mon Temps. The friend and councillor of kings and princes. wishing for money only that he might give to the poor. PRINCE DE HESSE. time has not yet Ii ed the veil which screened his true mission from the vulgar speculators of the period. he brought h is great knowledge to help the West. LE L NDGRAVE CHARLES. as now. Alas! his words of warning fell on deafened ears. S.--Theosophical B VATSKY. a swindler and an a venturer. BLAVATSKY T E Comte de St. to help on manity. to stave off in some small measure the storm cI uds that were gathering so thickly around some nations.Th Comte de St.forgottenbooks. Germain. a charlatan. Then. H. with which the eighteenth century w s so richly dowered. his heart was concerned only with happiness of others.--The Key to Theosophy (p. one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived. p. A. and his advice went all unheeded. Germain was certainly the greatest E rope has seen during the last centuries. 1861. loved and revere nced by the few. P. The friend of humanity. the occultist was dubbed charlatan by the ig orant. a friend to animals. a enemy to min isters who were ski lied in deceptio n. 135. rich and varied were the names that showered freely upon hi.) D th H a RING the last quarter of every hundred years se Masters. ONG the strange mysterious beings. P. Hated by the ma ny. Oriental Adept Glossary. Some one or more persons have appeared in the world as th ir agents. © 2010 Forgotten Books www.org . and a greater or less amount of occult knowledge or teaching h s been given out.(Copenhagen. Towards the close of each century you outpou ring or upheava I of spiritua lity--or caII it an attempt is made by the spiritual progress of will invariably find that mysticism if you prefe r-- h s taken place. Germain MYSTIC AND PHILOSOPHER E was. perhaps. only some men and women here and there realised the power of w ich he stood possessed. A hero of romance. 194). of whom I have spoken. no one has commanded more universal comment a d attention than the mystic who was known by the name of the Comte d St.
Palatine. from which descended Count Robert de St. that for the sake of clearing up the ignor nce that prevails on the matter it is well to give these brief details. as Minister of War.org . This is very largely owing to the fact that the most interesting and important work. don by M. sho ing the difference between the two men. then e-entered the French service. With this fact we have become acquainted during the areful investigations which we have been making on the subject. mostly antagonistic. Where t e archives are situated we have also learned. the testimony on this point being overwhelming. That such relations hould cause jealousy and unkindly speculation is unfortunately not rare in any century. the fact is the Cou nt is acq ua inted with deta ils about wh ich on Iy contemporaries of that period coul give us information. to introduce various changes into the rench army. Germain had intimate relations with many high persons in various countries is quite undeniabl . Sketches are to be ound here and there from various writers. but no oherent detailed account of his life has yet appeared.. unfortunately the disgrace into hich the soldier fell is but too often attributed to the mystic. That M. see what some of these princely friends ay. he tried... When questioned by the Herzog Karl August as to the supernatural ge of this mystic. lies buried in the secret archives of many princely nd noble families. does not belong to the Fren h family of St. Ger ain. he became Danish Minister of War under Count Struensee. de St. The Count i known not to be an importunate sycophant.. He at all events stan s in close relation with many men of © 2010 Forgotten Books www. was first a Jesu it. alchemist and mystic. Germain. he is a man of good socie y to whom all are pleased to attach themselves . so fa r as it may yet be told. it is now the fashion in Cassel to listen respectfu Iy to his statements and not to be astonished at anything.z ForgottenBooks. Germain. He is so often confounded with his m stic and philosophic namesake.forgottenbooks. and Russian military services. the Landgraf von Hessen-Phillips-Barchfeld replied: "w cannot speak with certainty on that point. Let us. these raised a violent storm of indignation. at Lons-Ie-Sa uInie r. the latter was born in the year 1708. It must be borne in mind that the C mte de St. he was disgrace by the king and finally died in 1778.org Looking back from this distance of ime it will be of interest to many students of mysticism to trace the lif . and at the beginning of the reign of Louis VI. Germain. of th is great occultist. and e nte red late r in tu rn the French. to whom we ill now turn our entire attention. but we have not yet in all cases received permission to make the necessa ry resea rch es. however. de St.
Baron de). Ge rma ina ppe rs to have been unde r the persona I ca re. Germain frequented the ouse of M. Germain. expressing his approbation ofthe announce ent. This fact should not. gave him a suite of rooms in the royal constantly spent whole evenings at yal family. Paris. since the Baron de Gleichen in his memoirs says: "M. and lived XV. de Choiseul. drank no wine." 3 The same writer.. 2 Ferdin nds." 1 Herr Mauvillon. the Duc de Choiseul.. and enjoying the affection of Lo is XV. Leipzig. H. de St. and was well received there. p. 126. de St. have made the pu b lic ( have been the practice of person e one of his devoted students. Germain was spoken of as "a . xii. de St. Psychische Studien. and ex others. 1868. 1794.The Comte de St.. Leipzig. © 2010 Forgotten Books www.. A. onal prejudice against M. a proceeding which seems to have no little doubt. Germain considerable importance.. My cousin the Landgraf they are eager Freemasons. in spite of his per is obliged to acknowledge the alchemist. who later beca the fact that M. to become a bitter ene y of the mystic. f the period) d isl ike him. 479." lid evoted to the good" and "a hater of baseness and deception. de St. He is supposed to have interco who appear at his call. Geschichte Monatliche Zeitschrift. 430.org .. who repeatedly declared that he would not tolerate any mockery fthe Count. It was th is affection and protection tha ca used the Prime Mi nister. ii." the Du e himself wrote to the editor. MAUVILLON. testifies to ate no meat. 1885.2 In Fra nce M. and h Versailles with the King and the r One of the chief difficulties we constant changes of name and aroused much antagonism and howeve r.forgottenbooks. 3 GLEICHEN (E. J. For on his supposed newspaper of the period." "a lover of trut rcises an incomprehensible influence on arl von Hessen is much attached to him. who did not wish to attract 1 AKSAKOF. p. Herzog von Braunschweig-Luneberg. although he was at one time friendly to him. Louis Chateau de Chambord. ork together at all sorts of hidden arts . who was of high birth. p. de St. wherei ma n of lea rn ing. Souveni s. rse with ghosts and supernatural beings. ind in tracing his history consists in the itle. for it a ppea rs to of position. Germain according to a strict regime.. eeling of the Duke towards the great eath being mentioned in the Brunswick M. and .
a custom ofthe time. but with taste. and St. Paris. bearing in mind that they er a period of ti me dating from 1710 to 1822." 1 The second date is mentioned by Mme. it was impossible while at Anspach to ersuade him to dine at the Prin ce 's ta ble. we have the Duc de Medici travelling in years 1698 and 1700 under the name of the Conte di Siena. Op. is neither stout nor thin.org . cit. he wears the finest diamonds on snuff-box. Prinz Ragoczy at Dresden." 1G 2 EICHEN. Chevalier Schoening at Pisa. et sur la Cour de Versaille. Comte Soltikoff at Genoa and Leghorn. and even in this. Petersburg. The Graf rcolini. for instance. ma in in 1710. de St. Germain at Paris. Germain did so. Reine de France. adopted anoth er na me. 2 During this time we have M. has a fine intellectual co ntenance. London. d' Ad herna r in her most resting Souvenirs sur Marie Antoinette. Archiduchesse d' utriche. adopted the same practice.4 ForgottenBooks. says: "He always dined alone and very si ply. when he went from Dresden to Leipzig to meet M. Souvenirs sur Marie Antoinette. 'ADH E MAR (La Comtesse). Graf Tzarogy at Schwalbach an Triesdorf. Le us now make a list of these names and titles. ma in. de St.org vul th M Ge ar curiosity. under the na me Comte La sitz. A ew words may fitly here be said about his personal appearance and ed cation. his wants were extremely few. watch and buckles.. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Much of the mystery with which he is surrounded is owing to his princely liberality. but when M. The Kur-Prinz Fried rich-Ch ristia n von Sa hsen travelled in Ita Iy from 1738 to 1740. who says: "I have hea rd Ramea u and an old tive of a French ambassador at Ven ice testify to having known M. Chevalier Weldon at Milan and zig. Nearly all the members of the royal families in every country. From one contemporary writer we get the following sketch:-"H looked about fifty. p. practically. No doubt all these varied changes ga e ample scope and much material for curious speculations. The first date is menrei Ge ag int ed by Baron de Gleiche n. and Comte de St. thus." Another writer. who knew him when at Anspach. Comte Bella ma rre or Ayma r at Venice. we have all the small writers of that period an later calling him an adventurer and a charlatan for what appears to ha e been. dresses very simply. du ing the last century.forgottenbooks. 127. whe n he had the appea ra nce of a ma n of fifty yea rs of . th Hague. 1836. de St. Germa in as the Ma rq uis de Montferrat. de St.
Tauchnitz. it will be well to divide our material int three parts:-i. Italian. An Alsati 4." st universally accorded that he had a charming grace and courtliness f manner. a great variety of gifts. He displayed. playe several musical instruments excellently. A tax-gat with personal details. some of of Charles II.Karl von Span ish ve rmain appears to have been very highly educated. and Fre nch with a Pied montese accent. English.Zu Dresden. erer in Rotondo. For example. 312. among other parentages. we find him supposed to be descen ded rom:-1. Z. apparently as fancy dictat s. which we h ve briefly noticed. ii. Mittheilungen aus dem HauptStaats-Archiv . 1 © 2010 Forgotten Books www. p. ese Jew. Thus. (King of Spain)--the father a Madrid banker. one day he had dictated to him the first twenty vers s of a poem. His trave I and knowledge. Aus vier Jahrhunderten. Leipzig.org . with our first division. According to eber. in society. the theories about his birth and nationality re many and various. WEBER (Dr Carl von). moreover. i. and wrote them simultaneously with both hands on two sep rate sheets of paper--no one present could distinguish one sheet from he other.l "he spoke German. and different authors. hen. In order to arrive at some orderly sequence. Beginning. Theories bout his birth and character. iii.forgottenbooks. according to their prejudices. and sometimes showed fa ilities and powers which bordered on the mysterious and incomprehe sible. His politi al and mystical work. 1857. race his descent from prince or tax-gatherer. A Portug 3. Portuguese and well.. n Jew.
sons of the Princess of He se-Wahnfried (Rheinfels). h said to himself: 'Very well. says:-"Some curiosity truthfu Iness. Germain. de St. de St. an author. 6. moreover. This theory is al 0 held by Georg Hezekiel in his Abenteuerliche Gesellen. de St. who had access 0 the valuable Milan archives. In Hungary it is written © 2010 Forgotten Books www. perha ps. under the care of the last Duc de Medici (Gian astone). to the most to which we This last seems to have been the correct view. I will trace it with the utmost ord ing to his own words. 2 Rag6czy is the G rman spelling ofthis name.org .org . Berlin.. Germain learned that his two brothers. 133. Karl and St.forgottenbooks. Elizabeth. who made him sleep while still a child in his own room. This last fact we have verified in another interesting set of articles.. we refer to the late CEsare Cantu. and other information have had access on this point. 1862 Karl von Weber (op. Copenhagen. 1 writing of M. who in his historical work. cit.Pri nce Ragoczy. the H Iy Brother.. have compromised importa nt pe rsons. Prinz de). I will call myself Sanctus Ge rma no. When M. ac tions. we have also come. He wa placed. had become subject to the Emperor Charle VI. i. King of Portu al (natural son). Franz-Leopol ForgottenBooks. when quite young. to w ich we shall refer later. Rakoczv. 318) also says that M. 1 HESSE-CASSEL arl. 1861. written by a person who knew him at Anspach under the name Tzarogy. the son of Prince Ragoczy 2 of Transylvania by his first wife.6 5. He told m and that he was may be felt as to his history. I Another well-kn wn writer speaks on the same point. if revea led. according reliable sources hat have been found. Ge rma in ope nIy appea red in Lei pzig in 1777 as Prince Ragoczy.' I ca nnot in truth gua ra ntee his birth. a Tekeli. and that he was often know as the Graf Tzarogy. but that he was tremen ously protected by the Duc de Medici I have learnt from another sou rce. Another writer remarks: "His real origin wou Id. after careful investigation. librarian of the great library in Milan. 35." And this is the c nclusion to which. which latter is merely an anagram for Ragotzy (Ragocz ). and had received the titles and names of St. add ing any necessa ry expla nathat he was eighty-eight years of age when he came here. i:. Mernoires de Mon Temps. of Tra nsylvan ia. p. Prince Ka I of Hesse.
1688.irgen. Th va Iua ble. according to the later spelling--the father of the famous mystic--made i effectual efforts to regain his throne. When." Th is arra nge ment however. gra ndf writing. or Rakoczy. who said he would become their ed ucation. he was aIso much in Italy. on his seized by the Austrian Emperor. daughter ried (of the line of Rhein-fels). much is recounted of his trav Is in Italy and in Spain. Francis Leopold. de Genlis in her Memo res mentions having heard of him in Siena d uri ng a visit that she pa id to that town. Of this oseph. Almost © 2010 Forgotten Books www. from whic we will quote some leading facts: Francis Leopold Racozi. 409. and to the rapidly growing Austrian Empire Church. Ragoczy property was wealthy and ther of the mystic of whom we are struggle to retain his freedom. with many restrictions m by the Emperor of Austria. George and Charlotte. Germain Illustri Italiani. de St. Prince Francis came of age. was our informant says: "The widowed Tekelil was forced to hand over her Emperor. Mme. Few pages of history are more dee impotent struggle than those which Ragoczy after another to preserve th save it from being swallowed up by under the influence of the Roma Ge nea logische Arch iva rius aus dem J Iy scored with sorrow. helping us to unravel the tangled web of mysterio s elements which surrounded the life and wo rk of the great occu Itist. In order to understand this we m st take a brief survey of his family history." It has been said that M. 18. The whole life of M. Germain seems to have been more or less shadowed by the political troubles an struggles of his father.org . and Prince Fra ncis. 410. Charlotte Amalia. hr 1734. the principality of Siebenbi. and limitations. his antecedents and descendants. his properties. Germain was educated at the University of Siena. 438. who had ed ucated him. de St. says: "The Mar uis of San Germano appears to have bee n the son of Prince Ragotzy (Rago zy) of Tra nsylva nia. were given back to h this Prince Ragoczy married at K61nof the Landgraf Karl von Hesse-Wahn marriage there were three children. he was greatly protected by the last Gra nd Du ke 0 Tusca ny. his widow and children were hence the son. pp. had lost his life in a hopeless death. Lei pzig. of his family. suffering and ell the life story of the efforts of one freedom of their principality. and rought up at the Court of Vienna. a survey which will moreov r give us some clues. As Princess (who had remarried Graf children with their properties to the their guardian and be responsible for was made in Ma rch. on the death of Prince Ragoczy. In an old German book.. ii. In 1694 m-Rhein.forgottenbooks. a sketch is given.The Comte de St.
but also why he was so warmly welcomed by the King of France. and finally died forgotten in Turkey. He carried on the same warfare as his father. in wh ich both his sons are me nlOp. writers who enjoyed calling him a "charlatan and a swindler" also from hinting that his money must have been ill-gotten. cit. The eldest son. fought against and was driven away by Prince Ferdinand of Lobkowitz. 45. and was so well known at all the courts of Europe. FranzLeopold was married in 1694. but a man of princely blood. those did not refrain many even go so far as to say that he made it by deceiving people and exercising an undue influence over them. Elizabeth." Adverse writers have made much mystery over the fact that St.org im med iate Iy afte r th is pe riod Prince Ragoczy began to lead the conspiracies of his noblemen against the Austrian Empire. The history of the struggle is most interesting in every way.org I . The sons had to give up the name of Ragoczy. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. In this year. Cario and St. with the object of regaining his independent power. and was buried in Smyrna. and was acknowledged Prince of Siebenbi. inclined to think the Comte de St. we find some very definite information that not only shows us whence the large fortune possessed by this mystic was derived. after fruitless struggles. who were taken prisoners by the Austrians and brought up as Roman Catholics. therefore. Germain was rich and always had money at his disposal. The younger brother took no part in the enterprises of his elder brother. If we turn to the old Archivarius already mentioned. his father died at Rodosto in Turkey. No obscure adventurer is this with whom we are dealing. The Prince was defeated and all his properties were confiscated. and of almost royal descent.. for he has made some very careful investigations on the subject: "We are. i.. and singularly pathetic. to have been always on good terms with the Austria n Gove rn me nt. calling himself the Marquis of San Carlo. in fact.forgottenbooks. Germa in was the you nge r son of the Prince Franz-Leopold Ragoczy and the Princess Charlotte Amalia of Hesse-Wahnfried. The eldest son then received his father's Turkish pension. and appears. escaped from Vienna in 1734. they were also forced to give up the dreaded name of Ragoczy. Let us notice what Hezekiel ' has to say on this point.8 ForgottenBooks. and by this marriage he had two sons. and to ta ke the titles of St.irgen (Transylvania). the Comte de indeed. Turning back to the old chronicle we find in the volume for 1736 the will of the late Prince Franz-Leopold Ragoczy.
spe nd ing the even ings in the com pa ny of oiselle Clairon. Unfortunately the law of heredity prevails in this class of peo Ie. It appears that the mystic made two visits at different times to Schwalbach. and those persons whom the is the son. mentioned b Prince Charles of Hesse. These were the views and ideas of the n wspaper and review writers of that day. who was placed under the care ofthe last ofthe Medici. to whom also he left a large legacy and other rights on this valuable property. The exec tors of this will were the Duc de Bourbon. had bought I nded prope rty for th is Pri nce Ragoczy from the Polish Queen Maria.forgottenbooks. His wants were extremely few. To their care Prince Ragoczy committed is third son.org . and also a third son. Germain tioned who have been alre dy named. Made 1 This rooms of the Castle. seeking to make money ou of any kindly disposed person. the ents of which property were invested by the order of the King of France in the Hotel de Ville in Paris. put forward in the leading p riodicals. Hence we must cast aside the theories that M. he dined as simply as possible eldom left. de St.The Comte de St. and thence he we nt to Triesdorf. We also find that considerable legacies wer left which were to be demanded from the Crown of France. The The Graf Tzarogy had no s in his own room. de St. and there is a remarkable similarity between the epithets hurled by the ress of the n inetee nth centu ry at th e ventu resome occultist of to-day a d those flung at M. 1 It also states that Louis XIV. Germain. below those occupied by Markgraf and his wife lived in the Falkenhaus. rvant of his own. was at Schwalbach. We will I t the writer spea k for himself on th is point:-"On hearing that a stran er. and the Graf Tzarogy (for this was the name under which he appeared) acce ed this invitation. He was lodged in the lowe Mademoiselle Clairon. which he he avoided a II ge nera I soc only the Markgraf. the Markgraf f Brandenburg-Anspach invited him to come to Triesdorf in the spring. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Ger ain was a homeless and penniless adventurer. on the condition that they would allow him to live in h is own way quite unnoticed and at peace. perhaps the most interesting are those given by one who kn w him personally in Anspach during the period that he was in close connection with the Markgraf. and ety. We will now pass from thi portion of our subject to some of the personal incidents related of M. de St. the Duc de Maine and the C mte de Charleroi and Toulouse. both remarkable and interesting. Germain and other mystics of lesser importanc and minor merit.
and he only saw the Markgrafin a few times.. who as just returning from Italy. he aft rwa rds informed the Ma rkgraf that the na me Tzarogy was an assumed na e. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. and Orloff called him several tim s. for the first time. The conversation w s most interesting. still more about useful and scientific discoveries. pp. from the Graf Alexis Orloff. After the r return to Anspach the Graf Tzarogy showed them. 1818.' 'Caro amico. although she was ery curious to make the acquaintance of this strange individual.org former was pleased to have round him.irg n of the time of the Emperor Leopold ". 285. the letter pressed Graf Tzarogy to pay him visit. to whom he never referred without emotion. after it had sw lien up like a sponge. came forwa d to meet and embrace the Graf Tzarogy. 1 1 curiositaten der Literarisch-his orischen Vor.org .forgottenbooks. he had bee n bro ght up Ii ke a Prince. One day Tza rogy showed the Markgraf an invitation hich he had received. they dined together at midday. and that his real name was Ragotzy. On their arrival Orloff.' The Graf Alexis received the Ma rkgraf of Bra nden bu rg-Anspach with the most ma rked polite ness. where they remained for some considerable time together. Orloff showed th Markgraf a piece of unignitable wood. and that he was the sole repre entative and descendant of the late exiled Prince Ragotzy of Siebe nbi. He was always specially glad to speak of his childh od and of his mother. and showed much knowledge of he world and of men. and. It was impossible to persuade the Graf Tzarogy to dine at the P ince's table. remarked that one of the Graf's servants came. he writer. and carried it upstairs to the other room. who now appeared for the first t me in the uniform of a Russian General. 'Caro padre. where the Graf Alexis Orlo had already arrived. with open arms.ForgottenBooks. 286.. who was standing at the window under which the carriages of raf Orloff were drawn up. and tha nked hi severa I times for the protectio n wh ich the Markgraf had accorded to his worthy friend. After dinner Graf Orloff took the Graf Tzarogy into t e next room. they spoke a good deal of the campaign in the Archipel go. hi credentials as a Russian General with the Imperia I sea I attached. The Mar raf went with Graf Tzarogy to Nuremberg. pened one of the carriage doors and took out from the box under the seat large red leather bag. which when tested produced neith r flames nor cinders. but simply fell to pieces in light ashes. as Graf Orloff was passing th rough Nuremberg . Weimar. sent by a courier..and Mitwelt. a d often with tears in his eyes. In conve sation the Graf was most entertaining. If one could bel ieve him.
Petersbu rg. It is bound beautifully in red maroquin.org . t. and sent by a Ru sian friend:-- "The Comte de St.The Comte de St. to which we have already referred. Germain was a splend id violin ist. and 'Grafsky' comes from raf-Count) near the Anitchkoff bridge where the palace is. Germain had in his possession. too. Germain's own hand signed. he 'played like an orchestra. dedicated to Countess Ostermann y St. mem ber of the "Novoie Vremia. Pyliaeff has seen (he cannot remember where now) a piece of music. Germain So fa r th is narrative is tolera bly accu rate. whereas there are various historical proofs showing. T e date is about 1760. that St. "At St. on the Newsky. without doubt that he was in 1762 in St. it was stated that M." in wh ich aII the va riou theories about his birth. but after th is pint the autho r proceeds with the history of what he considers the "u veiling" of the "notorious Comte de St. We have moreove r heard in Russia that he was staying with the Princess arie Galitzin at Archangelskoi on March 3rd.' In th 'Story of the Razoamovsky family' Alexis R. M. Germain was not in Mosco . "M. some air for the harp. was reported to have spoken of a beautiful moonstone St. in old chests and that t. are retold ith embellishments. Germa in. de St. 1762. Petersburg St. Amongst other wild reports. Pyliaeff 1 thinks eve before Catherine's time. whe re he knew the Orloffs well. "M." author of" Id Petersburg. He says. "The street where they lived is supposed to be the Gr fsky pereoulok ('pereoulok' means small street. Germain did not bear the na e of Saltykoff (Soltikow) in Russia but that in Vienna he did take this nam . who was the painter of the beautiful portraits hich are in the Peterhof palace. Pyliaeff. Germain lived with Count Rotari." © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Pyliaeff thinks that St. Germain was here in the time of Peter III. 1 Told by M. He says the Youssoupoff family have many MSS. Germain had only become acquainted with the Orloffs in Leghorn i 1770. The following details were found in Russia. and left when Catherine II came to the throne.forgottenbooks. Germain was in relations with a Prince Youssoupoff to whom he gave t e elixir for long life. th famous Italian painter.
however. the Emperor of Austria.. Pyliaeff now belonged to him himself. a dependence which had brought on him. Germain ill in bed. and to many peo Ie. but as th had very little order. .. under these names. de St. Then he gave it to the famous composer Peter present. as far as we know. He teadily asserted that he had not told the Markgraf any lies with reference 0 his name and his family. even down to hat of Soltikow. . especially as at Chaikowsky's sudden death all was directions be ing give n about the prope rty. de St.e. and to test his bona fides. after this he still remained at Schwa Ibach. The proofs of his origin. and it occurs some tim later than the events which we have just been relating.. were in the h nds of a person on whom he was dependent (i. Germain. . he had given his real name . the only one in hich he himself makes any direct reference to it. He bought it at some sale and time. When he matter was explained to him. he was ready to exc Ipate himself in the most satisfactory man ner. When he was asked why he had not informed the Ma kgraf about the different names under which he had appeared in so many different places. as a man of honour. and who the accuser was who dared to attack him. he appears to have sent the writer whom we have quoted to Schwalbach to see the Graf Tzarogy.forgottenbooks. The Graf said he had never abused t e confidence of the Markgraf.org "About the music signed by St." ecollects that it had it for some haikowsky as a great musician hat it could be left without any We have said that the political events in his family had to some extent shadowed the life of M. We will continue the history as he gives it. the gre test espionage . in the course of his life. he found M. After the return of the Markgraf from Italy. as soon as he knew of what he was accused. he would only give such personal information after and n t before he had dealings with them. "On his arrival. one remarkable in tance of this we will now cite: it is. the Graf Tzarogy answered that he was under no ob igations to the Markgraf.. but he said he was known on all sides. M. and where he ha heard some of the legends and fabrications above referred to. and that if any calumniator re venturing to accuse him of nefarious transactions. and that since he offended no one and did no p rson any harm. M. Germain. It must now be in Chaikowsky's papers.orgottenBooks.org . whither he had gone in 1776." A Iittle late r the author of the pa ragra ph just uoted rema rks: © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Pyliaeff thinks it very unlikely found. he admitted with perfect coolness that e had assumed from time to time all the names mentioned.
to speak of anyone as a swindler without any proof is beyond the bounds of ordinary fairness. op." Th is is tru Iy an ingen ious stat ment. friend Prince Charles of Hesse." the n wou Id it be we II for the world sort could be found." 1 necessary expenses It appears curious to us that the writer knew so Ii Ie of contemporary history.org ." If such words of an "adventu rer. and never received anything of the slightest value. On account of is extremely simple life. Germain "What resources M. pp. We shall find similar extraordinary contradictions proceed further with the life of M. and never ixed himself up in anything which did not concern him. and it is espe ially incongruous in view of the final paragraph. The praise can even hint n be rightly spoke n if a few more of Iike 1 Curiositaten. 287. to defray th of his existence. but borders somewhat on libel. de St. in rious writers as we e St. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. for this proofs a e required and they are not to be had. and the proofs were even more accessible than they are in our day. his wants were very limited. when he had money e shared it with the poor. he never asked for nything.The Comte de St.293. As we have seen. which is as follows: "As I ng as the Graf had dealings with the Markgraf. cit. Germain had. He goes on to say in conclusion: "It would be n ungrateful task to declare that this man was a swindler. de St. is ha rd to guess. Germain by his perfect accord. Germain. 289..forgottenbooks." If we compare these words with those spoken of M. we shall find they are i only wonder is that a writer who speaks such words of that his su bject might be a "swi nd ler.294. all the sons of Prince agoczy were amply provided for.
No Initiate wa one if he could not heal--aye. India and China we gather from various hints from facts stated by many writers at different time. 380. became the heirloom of those alone who could dis ern the noumenon beneath the phenomenon.. and ma ny others whom time has now justified in the eyes of m n. and were regarded as Kings and Initiates. "messenger" from T that Lodge will not be surprising.forgottenbooks. We must bear in mind. too long neglected. moreover. and try to understand the mission and the work that h came to do among the children of men. Some few centuries ago such givers and teache rs we re sile nced at the sta ke. as far as we can with any detailed in of M.. Those who showed such powers were forthwith set above the crowds. P.' they gave the first impulse to civili the mind with which they had endued men. like Giorda 0 Bru no.. iii. ii. would have indeed died during their I thargy. and also That such travels is not a matter of those to whom the olution of mankind. LET us now trace.. the gifts of th 'Divine Dynasties.). The Secret Doctrine. de St." 1 world the arts and gods. to the inve of all the arts and sciences. the steps hat he had been in e gives us. p. later. © 2010 Forgotten Books www.. should seem aimless and trivial to the same writers surprise. 263. after 1 BLAVATSKY (H.. London. the Initiat s transmitted their knowledge to the human kings. Africa. Then. Later. but to students of mysticism.ForgottenBooks. and especially "Great Lodge" is a fact and a necessity in the spiritual e to those students the widely extended travels of thi ormation. rather they will see below the surface.org HIS TRAVELS AND KNOWLE GE HE pure cult of Nature in the earliest patriarchal days . The Secret Doctrine. Germain in some of his extended travels. recall to life from apparent death (coma) hose who. 893. that in the ancien sciences were regarded as divine gifts. It was their prerogative and duty to eveal the secrets of Nature that were useful to mankind .org . "Kings of the ation. and directed tion and perfection Conceited in their shallow ignorance the generality 0 mankind scorn the gifts and turn away from the givers. as their divine Mast rs had passed it to their forefathers.
for M. not their lives. but in another respect he soon arouse the greatest astonishment. Germain often disappe red for many months at a time. Finally. but I myself was living in Venice at the end of ing of this century. and you. as we ha e seen in our las chapter from 1710 to 1822. "The old Countess v. Let us now ta ke up the hread of these travels. who called himself Comte e St. the Comte de St.' '"Forgive me.forgottenbooks. lately met St. at the outside. Mada me. and you w composing which we us the Cou nt quite unconcerned. ' 1 The Court of Louis xv. she approached the Count more out of cu riosity th n in fea r. Germain the reaction of free tho ght in the eightee nth centu ry we fi nd Mesme rand the Comte de St. but that s impossible. Germain. '"Will you have the kin ness to tell me. Germ in giving up. These range. and in order to ma ke them as clea r as possible folio the m in the 0 rder of thei r dates. however.' repl ie longer since I lost my fa the last and the begin court then. in wh ich was mixed not a little fear. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. but their good names and characters in trying to help those to whom they were sent by the Great Lodge. We shall. are that age at prese nt. unable to ontrol her excitement. The earliest records we can gather are as fol ows:-"There appeared at th Court 1 in these days an extraordinary man.' said the Countess. Germain I knew in those days was at least 45 years old. I had the honour to pay you re kind enough to admire a few Barcarolles of my d to sing together. G orgy who fifty years earlier had accompanied her husband to Venice wh re he had the appointment of ambassador. not be able to deal very fully with each period. 'whether your father was in Ve nice abut the yea r 17107' '" No. de Pompadour's. de St. Germain at Mm .org . At first he distinguished himself through his cleverness nd the great diversity of his talents.The Comte de St. 'it is very much her. For some time she watched the stra nge r with signs of t e greatest su rp rise.
' "That is not impossible.. with whi h he is fairly covered. so much so that inhabitants of the above countries in ble to discover the slightest foreign I scholars have proved the knowledge found him more apt in the languages s. to bring back to her memory certain ircumstances and remarks.000 Francs. to their sojourn in the Venitian Stat s. English. For aII that you are a most extraordinary m n. 'I am aIready co nvinced. his features are regular. Italian. his complexio brown. a devil. and "St. Germain. Gontaut. which . Arabic in such a manner as lengthy stay in Asia. if she still doubted him. he wears them on every finger. He offered. "I mean to get to know this peculiar an more intimately.. and that the I learned in the Colleges of Louis The t the Count speaks French. his carriage bears the impres and the nobility common only to the great. an expert on precious stones. Ge main in a thundering names!' "He appeared to be seized with a c amp-like trembling left the room immediately. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. "A matter worthy of remark is th German. Germain is of medium height and elegant manners.org . One evening he appeared at court with s oebuckles. they are un accent.' And then t e Count recounted to Mme. The forme of Homer and Virgil than themselv Chinese. which Herr v. His on Iy Iuxu ry consists of a large number of diamonds.' replied the Count smilin .'I am very old.forgottenbooks.' '''For pity's sake!' exclaimed St. voice.' interru pted the old ambass dress. 0 show them that he had made some nguages of the East were but poorly reat and Montaigne. Spanish and Portug when he converses with any of the their mother tongue. and they are set in his snuffboxes and his watches. The Cou nt dresses simply but ith taste. Georgy a number of familiar little details which had reference in common to both. v. no. his face mobile and full of genius. 'no such in every limb. The Learned and the Orient of the Count St.' '''But then you must be nearly 100 ye rs old. estimated at 200.ForgottenBooks. his air black. ese equally perfectly.org '''Madame. "No. with the latter he spoke Sanscrit.
Germain always introd ces into the dress of the women.The Comte de St. Vanloo. Germain accompanied on the piano without music. accompanied several Italian airs for so ce ebrated under the name of Comtesse "When she had finished singing. Germai the young Comtesse afterwards de Geniis. gave the assu ra nc that th is was the truth. and which lends to the painting an ext aordinary brilliancy. v. v. rubies and emeralds of su h brilliant hue that they seem to have borrowed their beauty from the orig nal gems.I think. "One evening at a party St. add ing that the standing still in youthful appearance of Mme. once rn ing the Co unt's astou nd ing qualities. whom Mme. one ca . she received from him an lixir which for fully a quarter of a century preserved unaltered the y uthful charms she possessed at 25. which he has discovered. was that during her first stay in Venice.org . a life which will--or which has overstepped the ordinary time al otted to man. ut that which makes his paintings so remarkable is a particular colour. this will be your happy fate between your 16t and 17th yea r. Among other stateme nts. made to the Favourite by me. Germain "The Comte de St. a ecret. who never tires in his ad m iration of the su rprising colou ing.' © 2010 Forgotten Books www. and especially struck at his improvising. "The Count paints beautifully in oils. and has also endowed him with the means of preventing t e ravages of time from affecting the body. Georgy after her first meeting with the Count after this lapse of y ars. Rameau was much i pressed with the playing of this dilettante. however. has ofte n req uested the Cou nt to let him participate in his secret. In his historical pieces. Elderly gentlemen. well assert that a portion of his miracles is due to his knowledg of physics and chemistry in which sciences he is well grounded. the ount said to her: 'in five or six years you will have a very beautiful voice. of whom at this very moment hat I am writing. in order to perfect the charm you shou d also preserve your beauty. At all e ents it is palpable that his knowledge has laid the seeds for him of sound g od health. will not divulge it. hich you will preserve a long time. "Without attempting to sit in judge ent on the knowledge of a fellow- being. played on various instruments. St. the la ter. de P mpadour questioned concerning this pecu lia r incident. then aged ten years.forgottenbooks. Georgy supported by the testimony of these old men woul make it appear still more probable. not only every song bu also the most difficult concerti. both court and town have exhausted all surmises. sapphires.
'the re are some th ings of wh ich one may not speak.. Germain's company. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. Suffice it to know that at seven years of ge I was wandering in woods. whom I was not to see again. Germain threw up his sleeve and che miniature of an exceptionally peculiar costume.' And St. the Count put down his sleeve a ain. sigh ing dee ply. de l'Clil de BCEuf. I ed the ladies the in rather a beautiful woman. Co unt. wh ile alIowing her pre ty finge rs to glide ove r the notes." Written do n by the widowed Countessv. my birthday my round my arm. the shepherdess disappeared." 1 1 Taken from "Chroniques. The Count begged the Marquise to place the bonbonniere n ar the fire. a few minutes later she went to take it away. and that a price was set upon my head. and in its place was to be seen a pretty she pherdess in the midst of he r flock. How great was th astonishment of all present: the agate had disappeared. 'only tell me whether give you pleasure to remain atthat age?' '"Tru Iy that wou Id be cha rming.' said he. "After the bonbonniere had again been placed near the fire.' '"Oh yes.org '" But.forgottenbooks.ForgottenBooks. Every day one was surprised by fresh miracle in Count St.' '"Welll promise it you. bound her portrai will shew itto you. and brought forward another topic. and the agate re-appeared. 0 mother.' answered the ch ild.. It was worked very beautifully in black enamel. B. Germain spoke of other by the friendliness of this fashionable m the Countess' it would "Encouraged mother ventured to ask him if Germany was his Fatherlan '" Mada me. but represented "To what date does this dress belong?' asked the young ountess..org . Without answering this question.' answered the Count carelessly. 'that does not lie ina ny one's power. and on the lid as an agate. de Pompadour a bonbonniere which was universally admired..' "At these words St. Some little time previous y he had brought Mme.
Prince Joseph von Lamberg. Germain Th is episode was writte in 1723. de position. who lately arrived here from Holland. and well known families. but ot go by his right name. Earl of Orford. 9th. an d is as follows: of the Bru sels' Gazette tells us that the person who styles himself Comte de St. after relating uced by the Revolution. all men amily.a nd not ve ry se nsi ble. ii. It must be ca r St. H spea ks Germa nand French as flue ntly as Ita lia n. von). From 1737 to 1742. but his arduously acquired knowledge lea s us to infer a long period of careful study. Vol. Jacobite Revolution of 1745. He sings and plays on the . and will not tell who he is or whence. him in arrested. Berlin 1 46. von Barthold 1 in his interesting work. G rmain. among them we find erdinand Lobkowitz.org . These hints we gather from F. pp. the . 109. He has ars. but the facts me ntioned too k place ulIy noticed that aII the perso na I friends of M. ou r mystic was at the Cou rt of the Shah of Persia.forgottenbooks. Two interesting extracts can here be The first is from Horace British Envoy at Florenc all the excitements pro seized an odd man wh been here these two y professes that he does violin wonderfu Ily. and it is here that he pro ably acquired his knowledge of diamonds and precious stones. Germain had been pursuing his resea ches in Persia. ii. 1833. 108. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. it was here that he began to u derstand the secrets of Nature. was born in Ita Iy in 1712. Writing 0 n Dec. W. and they confirm the statement ade by another writer that M. for ac ording to his own very credible statement. de St.. is ma The second reference Weekly Jou rna I or Britis "The author alpole's 2 amusing letters to Sir Horace Mann. 1760.The Comte de St. Graf Zobor. Germain. 2 Letters of Horace Walpo e. his own kith and kin. May 17th. London. 1745. 1 BARTHOLD (F. says: "The other day they goes by the name of Count St. to Sir Horace Mann. ie Geschichtlichen Personlichkeiten in Jacob Casanova's Mernoiren." 0 this stay in England may be found in Read's Gazetteer. m down in 1750. W. Germain were in hig of high birth and noble Prince Kaunitz. Wa Ipole.. Graf Maximilian n of public position. We next find suspected quoted. chiefly Austrians and Hungarians.
and a very agreeab Ie com pa nion. Paris and London.]. was his most p. slipt a letter into his pocket as from the young Pretender (thanking him for his services and desiring him to continue them). adverse or favourable.forgottenbooks. One who was jealous 0 him with a lady. and spent so me ti me. In 1746 [1745 accord ing to Wa Ipol ].org and expresses himself pretty well in English. He has a sm ttering of all the arts and sciences.sGraven' hage. 1745." Historische Herinneringen. in that city. Prince Ferdin nd von Lobkowitz. and im ediately had him ta ken up by a messenge r." This last paragraph alludes to what occurred at a later per od. who was I under Vice Admiral Watson.ForgottenBooks. 0 a special embassy to the Court at Vienna. he was on the point of being ruined in England. Germain. van C. aubert) to hear that he has incu rred the Ch ristia n king's d ispleasu re. and the first minister of the Emperor [Francis I.org . Germain w nt to Vienna. Earl of Ha rington. is a good chemist. was ve ry well received. he was d ischa rged out of the custody of the messe ge rand asked to dinner by Lord H. His in nocence be ing fu Ily prove on his exa mi nation. in the yea r 1755. After this date. 1869. to wh ich we sha II refer aga in late ron. with Ge nera I Clive. "I am indebted. 1 and in 1755 went to Ind a. A. 1 © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. are worthless as expe iments. [Probably William Stanhope. mentions and la s stress on the wonderful power of improving precious stones that was possessed by M. as we gathe r from a letter of his writte n to the Gra vo n Lamberg. for the second time. that he persuaded hi to accompany him on a visit to Paris.] Those who know him will be sorry (says M. de St. he died 1760. Germain. 36 intimate friend. On my first journey I had onl a very faint idea of the wonderful secret of which we are speaking. a virtuoso in m sick." Every writer. The latter introduced im to the French Marechal de Belle-Isle who had been sent by King Louis XV. van SY ESTEYN. who was Secretary of the Treasury and Treasurer of the Chambe at this date. was so taken with the brilliant and witty St. the wealthy grandson of Fo quet. "for my knowledge of mel ing jewels to my second jou rney to Ind ia. Belle-Isle." he writes. de St. "He had lived as a pri nce in Vienna from 1745 to 1746. Indeed almost every sort of art seems t have been more or less known to him. judging by the many testimonies that we have on these points. all the attempts that I made in Vienna. the great work was inte rru pted at the ti me I have mentioned. it seems that M.
. After having it weighed.. and a group of students gathered rou d our mystic. The king had it weighed immediately. p. Germain exa ined it very attentively. lnedits pour servir 1 a Histoire des XVIII. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. The jeweller thousa nd six h und red livres for it. says:-"He was well acquainted with physics. and said. de St. however. without the flaw it would be worth at least ten thousand. and with the flaw in it. 1825. 'It is possible.' "At the tim appointed the Comte de St.. and said he would keep it as a curiosity. and was a very great chemist. M. ertake to make me a gainer of four thousand livres?' St. neither M. but as we have seen from the records alre dy cited. it may be done. is six s. et XIX. 1757. mother of Catherine II. ithout telling him of anything that had passed. Germain was introduced at Paris by the then Minister of War. M. his Majesty said to the alue of this diamond as it is. who as well qualified to judge. de St. Mernoires aris." s ys she. de Gontaut. The King. de St. and gave it to the King. Germain brought back the diamond wit out a spot. se nt nd back again. and found it very little diminished.forgottenbooks. "ordered a middling-sized in it. Madame de Genlis. Marechal and Comte de Belle-Isle. Among these we find the Baron de Gleichen. and wh ich gave an extraord ina ry effect to his pictu res . 1 speaking of him at this period.org . I will bing it to you again in a month. My father. His Majesty then sent it to his jeweller by M. 88." Madame du Hausset relat s in her memoirs an interesting instance of his knowledge of "The King. f Russia. Here there was a I boratory fitted up for experiments... It was wrapped in a cloth of amianthos which he took off.The Comte de S • Germain Our next dat . and Marquis d'Urfe and also the Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst. nor can we be astonished that the king assigned him a suite of rooms at his royal Chateau of Chambord. Siecles. Germain nor his family were unknown to ouis xv. to b br Comte: 'The thousand livr Will you un diamond which had a flaw ught to him.. brings us to the period which is best known to the public. was a great admirer of his abilities in this way . Hence we do not wonder at the cordial and gracious reception wi h which he met. He had discovered a secret respecting colours which was rea Ily wonde uI. He GENLIS (Com sse de). Ge main never would consent to give up his secret.
Says Heer van Sypesteyn: 2 "Many of the wild stories had probably nothing to do with M. Gazette of the Netherlands. A certain Parisian wag. In April. Meanwhile our philosopher worked on with those whom he was able to hel p and teach in va rio us ways. . de St. his Majesty appears infatuated with him. used to amuse himself and other idle people by passing himself off as M.ForgottenBooks. In 1760 we find him sent by Louis XV. Germain must be worth millions. Lord Gower by name. that a young Englishman. Germain passing through East Friesla nd to Engla nd. The King paid him great attention. cit. Various details of his doings are to be found. which ran riot in the gossiping "salons" of the period." who had just arrived on England's shores. de St. 4 © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Th e Comte neithe r said that he cou Id or cou Id not. 1761. and said M." One fact in this Parisian period must not be omitted.org I .org could not overcome his surprise. and sometimes talks of him as if his descent were illustrious. Germain had to bear the blame for utterances which did not originate with him.' was a splendid mimic. beyond the fact that M. but very many people were taken in by this make-believe St. but the King reprimanded him. Germain was a quack. at that time resident in Paris. and went into Paris salons to play the part of St. du Quesnoy once said that St. Germain.l Herr von Barthold and the Baron de Gleichen. Cit. op. Mernoires.forgottenbooks. and so did Madame de Pompadour. and many papers ofthe period mention him as a "person of note" to whom marked attention was paid. we find M. de St. 3 HEZEKIEL 1. we have a long accou nt of a "myste rious foreigne r. Germain. especially if he possessed the secret of making large diamonds out of sma II ones. to the Hague on a political mission: the circumstances are variously told by different writers. In fact. originated in the sayings of this idle young fellow.. but they are not worth further notice. 3 Next. Paris." In the British Museum 1 HAUSSET (Madame du). but positively asserted that he knew how to make pearls grow. seq. in The London Ch ron ide of June 3 rd. 12th. Jan. It is also said by one writer that he was well received at Court. de St. and give them the finest water. p. Germain and were invented with the object of injuring him and making him ridiculous. 20 p. 1760. 1824. 1760. so that most of the silly and foolish tales about him. it appears from statements made by Madame du Hausset. known as 'Milord Gower. M. Germain--naturally it was very exaggerated. 148. de St.
It runs thus:-"Pour Ie Prince de Lobkowitz. of the sign atu re are quite undeci phera ble. that he was a sple n id violin ist. de St. M. untry. selon Ie bon sens." There is one most interesting souvenir of M." The first letter. wad other treasures of that rar collection we found a book of music composed by M. made them. we have had traced the inscription and autograph. 286. It is preserved in the library of the grand old castle of Raudnitz in Bohemia. ermain. no no one knows where he being acknowledged by It. to which he came returned his Red Ribbon: ith the King of Denmark. nor his positi one knows from whence it is derived. 2nd. It w s said everywhe re. Jan. "Letters from Paris state that when starting for this c without asking permission ofthe King. although they have been most carefully traced fo us by the librarian at Raudnitz. "The so-ca IIe d Count of St. for they are dated 1745 and 1760. pp.org . Petersburg where. Germa in is ani ncom pre hensi is known: neither his name nor his origin. entry into the Cabinets of Princes witho them!" 1 Curiositaten der Literarisch-historischen Vor and Mitw 1818. or letters. Germai but it is practically certain that he has an understanding "The 3rd. Musique Raisonee. Amongst the MSS." 1 The Hague. a cording to the words of the Graf Gregor Orloff to the Margrave of Branden urg-Anspach. Weimar. M. by the gracious permission of the present Prince. acquaintances. the property of Prince Ferdinand von Lobkowitz. Germain on both his visits. he has an income. Ge rma in had" played a great pa rt in the ir revolution. de St. Germain.. de St.forgottenbooks.. Germain there are pieces of music composed by the Comte e St. fro which. ble man of whom nothi ng n. aux Dames Angloises qui aiment Ie vrai goGt en cet art. de St. 285. he "played like an orchestra. by ene mies as we II as by friends. "Par . We next have to pass on to St. Germain.The Comte de St. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. which we have had the good fortune to see. de St.
mong a number of his accomplishments. he lives in the greatest sim plicity. the translati n of the title of which runs: "A few Words about the First Helpers of C therine or II. passed some time in Russia.org . the dyeing of wood in the most brilliant colours penetra ing through and through. 1763. that he is the son of a clandestine union in a powerful and illustrious family. a nd the most perfect ta nning. Various hints. the Prime Minister. 1869). and the whole without either indigo or co hineal. however. a goodness of soul. the mother of Catherine 11. Germain we have noticed already the Princess of ion. The details it gives are 0 interesting that it is better to quote it in full:-"BRUSSELS. the like dyeing of woollens. but as they are at present it is better to wait for more rocure. he knows everyth ing. which she hopes to lead us to suppose that M. Bk. the composition of colours for painting. 343.org He is mentioned as having been in St. he dye ing of sil ks. As Anhalt-Zerbst. ome experiments. we get a deeply intere ing accou nt of ou r ph ilosopher in the shape of a letter from the Graf Karl Cobenzl to the Prince Kaunitz. under my own eyes. de St. the dyeing and preparation of skins. with the commonest ingredients. I believe. "It was about three months ago that the person known by the name of the Comte de St.was very friendly to him. 3. however. an came to see me. p. The writer has other details in her posses unverified and come rather as fragments accurate information. I found him the most singular man that I ever saw in my life. rather in an anonymous book. carried to a perfection hitherto unknown. of which the most important were the transmutation of ron into a metal as beautiful as gold.ForgottenBooks. and shows an uprightness.April 8th. and consequently at a very mo erate price. In 1763. howeve r. "GRAF KARL COBENZLTO KAUNITZ. I do not yet precisely know his birth. © 2010 Forgotten Books www." (xviii..forgottenbooks. inde d he passed much time at her house in Paris. Germain passed this way. and at least as good for all goldsmith' work. carried to a perfection whic surpassed all the moroccos in the world. he made. worthy of admiration. Possessin great wealth. ultra-marine is as perf ct as is made from lapis lazuli. Pe ersburg by another writer.
made under my own eyes. with whom he is working. and from others. I have had them under 0 the most strict examinations. Germain. Germain informed arranging a Fabrique fo the Graf Cobenzl 2. which was granted under th restriction of coming incognito. namely. M. I have in my han s all these productions. are the persons who will carry on these manufactures. Germain has taken) to a good and trustworthy me rcha nt t Tou rnay. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. from the memoirs of C "Casanova on the road to Tournay was informed of the presence of M. I referred M.The Comte de St. and seeing in these articles a profit which ight mount up to millions. I have endeavoured to ta ke adva ntage of the f ie ndsh ip that th is ma n has fe It fo r me. Being told that the Comte received no one. He has given them to me. removing t e smell from painting oils. And as to the second. we hear of de St. through Nettine. 9. and I was fully convinced of the reality and the cheapness of these pr ductions. Germain and finally. p. even the worst. The moment for deriving th profit is already close at hand". he wrote him to request an interview. e St. it being un erstood that this shall be only when the profit has been made. de Zurmont (which is the name that St. 1885. Germain at Tournay. nd desired to be presented to him.. Seingalt de). and he asks nothing for himself beyond a p yment proportionate to the profits that may accrue from them. Ie Comte de St. the involving myself in too great an expenditure. Wien. the first.org . and making the best oil of Provence from the ils of Navette. and to lea rn from him all these sec ts. and I have had advances made which ount up to very little. the being a dupe. whose son. 2 CASANOVA (F. without risking anyth ing of ou r own. Casanova found the Comte in the dress of an Armenian with a I In this interview. Mernoires: vi. note. and not being invited to partake of fo d with him. when t e profits of the first experiments place us in a position to esta blish hem. and t e second. 1 From another source. As the arvellous must inevitably seem uncertain.forgottenbooks. To avoid he first. 76. Casanova that he was 1 ARNETH (A. Iso. under whose eyes I had the experiments m de. and the son-in-law of alckiers. p. I took a trusty person. Ritter von) Graf Philipp Cobenzl and seine Mernoiren. of Colsat. I have avoided the two point which appeared to me to be feared.
London. 1813. He was clearly of gentle birth. 2 LAM BERG (Graf Max von). we have the history of a wi e and prudent man who never wilfully offended against the code of honou . and died in the prison of the Inquisition t Rome . Pari. Le Memorial d'un Mondain.' and the Comte curtly observed that most people who were n pursuit of that were astonishingly illogical.ForgottenBooks. Dieudonne Thiebault. The Abbe Pernety was not slow in recognising in him the characteristi s wh ich go to ma ke up an ade pt.. and in h s 1 THIEBAULT (D. Germai . forgetting that fire breaks up and decomposes. 83. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Mes Souvenirs de Vingt Ans de Sejour a Berlin.org I .. where he was found by the Graf Max von Lamberg.o g From 1763. neve r anyth ing mea n or scanda lous." 1 The exact date of this visit to Berlin we cannot accurately give. de St." The author then goes on to relate that the Princess Arnelie went to call n him. The pupil. Germain. and the Comte came to her house one evening to supper. and it was reported that the famous Cagliostro (so w II known for his mystification of Cardinal Rohan and others at Paris) had been his pupil." at this time Chamberlain to the Emperor Joseph 11. but it com s in before the stay in Venice. and this account comes from the memoi s of M. p.forgottenbooks.. the date at which we have now arrived. and finally led the convers tion back to more general topics. inasmuch as they employed no agent but fire. de St. however. and came to us with wonde rfu I stories.).. They chanced to make mention of the 'Philosopher s Stone.. and he also remarks that the old Baron Knyhausen was alwa s add ressed by M. He dwelt much upon this. 80. up to 1769. In appearance M. The Abbe Perne arranged the matter for her. Marvels we ha e without end. and th t consequently it was mere folly to depend upon it for the building up of a new composition. Germain w s refined and intellectual. never reached the level of his master an . who passed by the name of the Comte de St. who gives the following interesting sketch: "There came to Berlin and remained in that city for the space of a year a remarkable man. or did aught that might offend our sense of probity. Cagliostro was often rash to the point of criminality. while the latter 'finished his career without mishap. 1775." Says 0 ur author:-"Madame de Troussel was also anxious to see him. Ge rma in as "my so n. we only g t the details of one year in Berlin. iv. In the history of M. de St. and had moved in good society. p.
esp cially his extraord ina ry kind ness. which he was bleaching to look like Italian silk. This as the last time he visited Holland. de St. Leghorn when the Russian fleet was there. "The Comte Maximili n de Lamberg. which formed his essential characteristics.L. he wore a as called Graf Saltikoff by the Graf Alexis Orloff. having paid a visit to he Island of Corsica to make various investigations. who is putting it in order. after the fa II f the Duc de Choise uI.org . de St. in compa ny with the Signor de St. has been staying here since the end of June. and RR. no doubt before long M." we find the following paragraph:-"TUNIS. 1770). Casanova et son temps. Germain came to the Hague after the deat of Louis XV (May 10th. de St. One important point de St. Gugitz wi I publish these documents. The Graf finds M. that when in 1770. It cannot be Some interesting mat er concerning the Comte de St..The Comte de St. Maynial. 1774). M. de St. 1 © 2010 Forgotten Books www.. " es.). M. moreover. under the orld. had m de him so respected and so beloved. his arch ene my. and left for Schwalbach in 1774.L. he a large place. even magnanimity. on the disgrace of the my. or Belmare. cit. making a variety x.forgottenbooks. Germain was at Russian uniform. and had about a hundred workers. July 1770. II. Germain. Germain book we have some Germain under the na of experiments with fl had established quite would appear that h paper published at FI heading "News ofthe most interesting details. celebra d in Europe for the vastness of his political and philosophical knowled No further details ar given of this journey. e of Marquis d'Aymar. It year that he returned to Paris. Germain is printed in a most interesting book la ely published. Germain and is now in the hands of a well k own Austrian writer. he again appeared in Paris. and was. his en "All his abilities..M. by E. for in a rence Le notizie del Mondo (July. hich belongs to the year 1770 has been omitted. One entirely new and most i teresting fact is given by him: a correspondence has been found at Prague betwee the Comte de Lamberg and M. but we hear of M." says Heer va n Sypesteyn (op. It then travelled with the Graf von Lamberg. in this Prime Minister. the Duc de Choiseul. Germain being in Man ua in the year 1773. 1 Chamberlain of M. it as only with the greatest expressions of sorrow that the Parisians allowed him to depart .
the Prince says: "This House Medici). The former we hear wa proud of his medical knowledge. 1 © 2010 Forgotten Books www. with these periods we sha II have t dea lin ou r next pa pe r. p.1748. as is well known.. de St." This last date brings us to the period that we have already noticed.." 1 L oking back at the record of all the powers and abilities possessed b this great man. to preserve the health of the troops under the se ere heat. mong others and chiefly his tea.. I still have all his recipes. or he wandered fr m place to place without aim. 1760 and 1773. without family. thence he goes to Prince Karl of Hesse and stays with him for som time as his loved and honoured guest. and obtained from the English Cons I at Leghorn a copy of the prescription for the "Russian Tea" or "Aq ua Be edetta. and I did not replace Lossau. and which p longed his life and health.. After the death of this physician." made by M. 135. I withdrew all the recipes. and h d invented the medicines of which he constantly made use.. a plan not known to the general world. one point comes out clearly: either he was following so e definite plan. nd it is not surprising that he should have drawn his earlier knowledge fr m them. 1735. It is stated in a German biog aphy that he was in Holland in 1710. There was a physician. Germain by the Duc de Medici. They began various experiments ogether. the stay at Triesdorf and at Schwalbach.. without human HESSE-CASSE . Writing of the knowledge and aIlud ing to the ea rly education of . Germain taught him. Lo sau. 1742. then in the Archipelago.ForgottenBooks. experiments which were in all cases to be of use to the hu ma n ace. and the following year in Dresden. From 1774 u ti 11776 we have the visit to Triesdorf. de St. He thoroughly understood herbs and plants.forgottenbooks. de St. About 1779 we hea r of M. but the physicians ra riot much against his science after his death.200 crowns a ye r to work at the medicines which the Comte de St. in 1776 we hea r of ou r mystic in Lei zig. but he claimed to have learned that of Nature by his own applica ion and researches. Ge rma in. Germain at H mburg. cit. was in possession of the highest knowledge.. where many alchemical and other experiments ere carried on by the Markgraf and the Comte. wh ich was used in the Russian fleet.Op. which the rich bought and the poor rec ived gratis .org .org ascertained ith accuracy how often he was there . who had been an apothecary. disgusted by the talk I hea d on all sides. and to whom I gave 1.
. he awards a t ibute of honest merit to our philosopher noticing. Nevertheless. and let it be understood that h had bee n ina nother wo rid in commu nication with the dead. Germain. though knowing more than those with whom he came into con act. and doub less M. also. tr Iy. and the re embrance of many good and sometimes of many noble deeds. sometimes he disappeared for a co siderable time.org . always giving. thanks to those who follow in the footste ps of M.. Germain ties--a sorrowful life. and to make snakes listen to m The author seems unaw re that the ordinary Yogis of India have this power over snakes. if this were so. de St. Moreover. and never in need. Germain learned his knowledge in India. such is the mor I worth of the ma n whom the sha lIow critics of the ea rth ca II "adve ntu re r. one of the writers "Sometimes he fell into a trance. Germain was in many respects a remarkable man. The power.forgottenbooks. nor one dishonourable action was ever known of him. for so gifted a mortal. de St. G rma ina nd who are aid ing in the same great work. although the above-quoted writer is sceptical on these points. was helped by him in se ret ." Thus clearly stands ou the character of one who by some is called a "messenger" from that piritual Hierarchy by whom the world's evolution is gu ided. then suddenly re-appeared. some plan. Indeed. he said he had passed the time wile he lay unconscious in far-off lands. and not least in Holla nd. St. and wherever he as personally known he left a favourable impression behind." 1 SYPESTEYN(J. But since he appeared always c ntented.The Comte de St. must have guided the Comte de St. Many a p or father of a family. and so he inspired sympathy everywhere. he prided himself on being able to tame bees. not one bad. f communicating with the dead has had more light thrown on it in this nin teenth century. but never claiming aid. when writing:worth "However this may be. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. and when he again recovered. ever helping. van) Histo ische Herinneringen. many a charitable institution.surely with such evidence it becomes obvious to even the critical sceptic footsteps and life of th before quoted says: hat some power.
1821. th aunt and frie nd of Mada me H. and th is may lend it a additional interest in the opinion of some of our readers. and the presen d'Adhernar informed me that there are documents concerning th Comte de St. One of our members has been kindly permitted to make some extract from the four volumes and thanks are due to Madame Fadeef for s graciously Iend ing the work for th is pu rpose. They cover a long period of ti me. and dated May 12th. The present Comtesse d'Adhernar is an American. he replied. wh had been an intimate friend ofthe Queen. or on the Continent. Madame H. and always to m unspeakable surprise: at the assassination of the Queen. One very interesting fact as to dates occurs in a note written by the hand 0 the Countess. Mada me d' Ad herna r appea r to have kept a daily diary. to which I have so far had access. the day following the death of the Duke d'Enghie Since this was written I have been able to get this work. P. This was one of the numerous aristocratic families which wer ruined in the Revolution. de St.ForgottenBooks. after the fashion of the period. Bu fortunately a copy exists at Odessa in the library of Madame Fadeef. "Five times more. fastened with a pin to the original MS." The Countess writes: "I saw M. She died in 1822. Blavatsky. and who died in 1822. do not wish for the sixth. P. occasionally interjecting an explana tory re ma rk. ra nging from 1760 to 1821. It refers to a prophecy made to her by St.org I . when he warned her of the approaching sad fate 0 the Queen. Germain in their family papers.or THE COMING DANGER T HE following extracts are translated from the very rare and valuabl Souven irs de Ma rie-Antoinette. at the coming 0 the 18th Brumaire. Germai about the year 1793. th docume nts are in Am erica. and to have late written her Souvenirs from this diary. and in response to her query as to whether she would see hi again.forgottenbooks. 1 in I have not been able to find a single copy of this rare work any library i England. Blavatsky was visiting the family and stayed at the Chatea d'Adhernar in 1884. by the Cou ntess d' Ad herna r. Germain again. 1 Corntesse © 2010 Forgotten Books www.
Germain. . his smile showed the most beautiful teeth in the world. He did not see ada me d u 8a rry. Germain ." These dates are of interest because of the generall received opinion that St. The Count refused.org . the rumour pread that a stranger. I ro had scarcely thrown on my morning wrapper whe head waiting-woman in whom also I placed entire tell me that a gentleman wished to speak to me. M. graceful figure. I was alone in Paris. had nevertheless so much confidence in him that he asked him for an antidote for the dying Duchess. It was in 1743. He appeared (that is the word) at the Court of France long before me. 1813. Germain died in 1784. so that. had just arrived at Versailles. struck one at first sight. p. aying: 'It is too late. his ha ir was black.The Comte de St. haughty. my onfidence. These varying opinions will be treated later. and on the e e of the murder of the Duke de 8erri . very tight. at the begin ning of 1768. I. an elegant leg which set off a well-fitting sil stocking. crt. He had a pliant. vol. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. some few writers say he only retired from public work." She continues: "At this same period a very singular adventure befell me. It was one Su day at eight o'clock in the morning. but he was prese nt at the catastrophe of Mada me de Ch "When this lady died. Whence did he come? That is what no one has ever been able to learn. The smallclothes. the King who had only know the Count for a year. a pre ty dimple adorned his ch in. He appeared about forty to forty-five years old.1 had but little e hurriedly. elicate hands. I will say something about him. Rostande. in the month of January. also suggested a rare perfecti n of form. time for my toilette and for preparing to go out.. and Mdlle. I await the sixth visit when God wills. his eyes we re soft and pe ne rati ng. His countenance. int lIectual. enormously rich to judge by the magnificence of is jewellery. Says Madame d'Adhernar 1:__ "Since my pen is again writing the name of the Comt de St. I am accustomed to hear Mass at noon. He was met again in the smaller apartments where he had free ad mission. a small foot. op. came in to l' ADHEMAR. d' Ad herna r having gone to vis t some relations of his own name that he had in Languedoc. Oh! what eyes! I have nowhere seen their equal. 294. acute.forgottenbooks. then.
with the di the world in a handsome apartmen and she in porter. I ordered her to show him in.' "My surprise was great on finding that he was at aris and in my house. and no on knew in the least what had become of him. my sadd Ier. and al ost grown younger.' was eight years since he had left France. He © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. that of my father. pensioner in our service. I should recogn ise him among a thousa nd. For one h s always one of these gentlemen at one's heels.' answered my maid. nd a moment afte r the Count appeared. Heeding nothing but my cu iosity. de Saint-Noel that he calls himself no . 'the man 0 miracles. my lawyer?' I asked. "'Since Mada me does not guess. 'Is it my procurator.' "She we nt out. that the devil had long since made a this personage. He looked fresh and well. a worthy Languedoc ma n.forgottenbooks.org "To pay a visit to a woman at eight o'clock was agai st all accepted rules.' "I passed in review all those of my acquaintance w antle out of the skin of 0 could have deserved any special treatment by Satan. erence that I came into he lodge of our house was a su pe ran n uated espect to Madame la Comtesse. '''I thought. 'I will ta ke the libe rty of telling he r that it is the Comte de Saint-Ge rma in!' '''Comte de Saint-Germain!' '''Himself. then. Her father. 0 r one of my fa rmers?' "To each question a negative answer. 'with all due he same day as myself. '''But who is it. and I found so ma y of them that I did not know on whom to fasten my conjectures. It I exclaimed. No matter. however little property one may possess. She was born in the same house. my dear?' "I treated my maid with familiarity. osta nde.' conti nued Md lie.ForgottenBooks. 'Is it my arch itect. '''Did he tell you to announce him to me under his 0 n name?' '''It is M.org .
' he has good intentions. 'a friend. or awake?' " artly with the help of my two ears. There still ti me. to baffle the plot. has no time to lose.' " I doubly regret this loss.T e Comte de St. The " You must seek an audience of the Comte de Maurepas. There is illill towards the royal family. though © 2010 Forgotten Books www. and partly through King of Fra nce.' "Nevertheless. I repeat. or rather. which as yet has no v sible chief. see M..forgottenbooks. th is reign will be fata I to it. the clergy. be ing entirely in the confide nce of the King. de Maurepas.. except save France. both for myself and for France. but it may be doubted whether it was as " You have lost. anting in ability.' " The nation is not of you r opi nion. A gigantic conspiracy is being formed.' here have you seen all this? Is it in dreaming. "The truth . and let him know y ur fea rs. s ncere as mine. Germain p id me the same compliment. it is he who ill hasten her ruin.' " It is a m ista ke. a protector in the late King. it looks to the new reign for its we Ifare. but he will appear before long. to reconstruct it on a new plan. lowering my voice and looking around e. The aim is nothing less than t e overthrow of what exists.' I said to him.' " I do not spea k th us exce pt to friends of whom I am su re.org .' " He can do everything I know.' " What are you saying?' I replied.. for he ca n do eve ryth ing. the magistracy.' " You are telling me enough about it to get yourself sent to the Bastille for t e rest of your days. later. This man will undo you.' revelations. Madame. however. the nobility. th is wou Id be impossi ble.
to be perfectly conversant with opportunity of serving the State n.' '''Oh! the Marquise paid little attention to it.' "I listened attentively to M. this s what I propose to you. I will reveal to her what I know. they praise your cha ms. Nevertheless. Count. if I interfered in such an affair. The Comte de Saint-Germa me:-- . I am in Paris ncognito. I will a ait your answer there at eleven o'clock precisely.ForgottenBooks. but she knew that M.' '''I would rather see you in my own house' '''Willi ngly.org '''He would reject the evidence. he detests me. de Saint-G and I understood all the dangers that would again fall on my hea On the other hand. Madame la Comtesse. Lovely are you and very frank. of M. besides. then she will judge whether it will be w II for me to enter into the King's presence.' "The rhyme is inaccurate.' © 2010 Forgotten Books www. guessing my perplexity.org . and from that time he included me in h is schemes of venge nee. and he pr tended that I had taken away the original manuscript from him to send it 0 the haughty Sultana. do not speak of me to anyone. how ver. of the services that I ha e rende red to the gove rn ment in the missions that have been entrusted to me at the various courts of Europe. to-morrow. I knew the Count European politics. de Maurepas--that is my sine qua non. Do you not know the silly quatrain which caused his exile? 'Beautiful Marquise. Speak of me to the Quee n. Mada me. He will neve r forgive me. But all that does not prevent You r flowers being flowers. de Maurepas was the author of it. His exile followed the publication of these wretch d verses. then.forgottenbooks. and I feared to lose th and the King. and if to-morrow you will come to meet me in the church of the Jacobins in the Rue Saint-Honore. without the intervention. said to '''Think over my proposal. If her Majesty will listen to me.
' "At this command Germain. I spoke of the real services that he had r ndered to the State by his diplomatic ability. I added that since the dea h of the Marquise he had disappeared from Court. he he negative. then she replied. '''It is strange. I merely aspire to save the monarchy. he war ed me that an important communication would shortly be © 2010 Forgotten Books www. I p Misery there. his pia ns no longe r pe rmitting him to live in "'A ce ntu ry will pass.' he said.org . of his intimacy with the late King. the Queen was sitting in front of a charming p rcelain writing-table. 'before I sha II re-a ppea r the re. I entered. What! we were on the eve of social happy auspic text. if she t. I mentioned the Comte de Saint- '''Explain you self. I to d all that I knew of him. "The Queen a peared to reflect. which the King had given her. Mad me. When I had sufficiently piqued the Queen's curio ity. she was writing.forgottenbooks. which was ushered in under such s. I asked him if he was going to settle in Paris. and that no one knew he place of his retirement. I deter consented to resolution tha answe red in France. and on the menacing wo ds of the Comte de Saint-Germain. yesterday I received a letter from my mysterious correspondent. the Duke de Choiseul. and delighted at the I had made. That very day I went to ssed th rough the sma II apa rtme nts. The head chamber-woman returned with the command to conduct me in. as soon as sh aughing. and find ing Mada me de I begged her to let the Queen know that I wished to see her could receive me. and he did the same. as it were. de Saint-Germain to the Queen.The Comte de St Germain "He departed I pondered all day on this apparition. this reign.' "I burst out Versa ilies. and had confirmed that morning. Madame de P mpadour.' "Her Majesty ooked at me with amazement. He was punctual to the appointment. and urning her head she said to me with one of her gracious smiles:-'''What do yo want with me?' '''A trifle. I ended by repeating to her what the Count had said to me the previo s day. was brewing the tempest! After long meditation on this ined to present M. isorganisation.
I authorise you. This was the signal agreed upon. He would sleep at inn. however. I resolved to be silent. dis uised in your livery." '''After all. what do you think ab ut it?' '''I carcely know what to say of it.forgottenbooks. and the Comte de Sai t-Germa in re-a ppea red on Iy yesterday. on pain of the greatest misfortunes. I fancied I saw in it a regular sch me of trickery. eager as s to neglect noth ing for the success of th is busi ness. is my sine qua non. As soon as I perceived him. but according to his custom he did eat. I will not list n to him exce pt in yo ur presen ce. he got into it with me. they come from the same source. too. I st my not the Iw pped my carriage. after this he proposed to go back to Versailles. when one of the Queen's pages came to ask me on her Majesty's behalf for the second volume of the book that she had des red me to bring her from Paris. however. that. then. certain that he was prepared bef re ha nd to answe r th is question. to bring him to-morrow to Versailles. I will have you both summoned. one is not sorry to see him. and the Queen dismissed me with the usual signal. that my confidence in the Comte de Saint-Germain was ened by the coincidence of his coming to Paris with the warning ived the day before by Marie-Antoinette. and we returned together to house. and that I must take it into serious consideration. he added. "M de Saint-Germain was awaiting me outside.org .org ma e to me.ForgottenBooks. Here has the Queen been receiving the e mysterious communications for several years. I . He was present at my dinner. nevertheless. were it only in fait pas ing. in quarters which at Versailles were called a site of apartments. The coincidence of these two things is remarkable unless.' rha ps he acts in th is way in order the bette r to concea I himself. but considering all. then.' "I ow les rec owed profoundly. something tells me that one ought to put in his words. He shall remain in your apartments. and as soon as it is possible for me to admit him. I consented to this. * ** "W were in my dwelling. and I asked myself if I ought to speak to him about it.' at is possible. and rejoin me the next day. I © 2010 Forgotten Books www.
but a greedy republic. and to ensure this result they will overthrow th monarchy. It is these last who will seize power with their bl od-stained hands. I followed. She rose with affable dignity. he deigned to listen to me with kindne s. "We entered through the cabinets. Th Encvclopaedist party desire power. have turned their eyes on the Duc de Chartres.' answered the Count in a sole "'So that noth ing but roya Ity will be left!' inter upted the Queen. I have great affection for her and I do not doubt that what you have to tell me deserves listening to.. what crueltie ! what crimes! Laws will no longer be the protection of the good and the terror of the wicked. for nearly twenty years I was on ntimate terms with the late King. Madame e Misery conducted us into the private room where the Queen was awai ing us.org .' she said to him. Germain handed the page a volume of some new no know not what. and as soon as he had gone. and I do not think that he regretted having given me his confidence. But before this day of retribution. 'will in her wisdom weigh what I am about to confide to her. he made use of my poor abilities on several occasions. 'Versa il es is a place wh ich is fa mil iar to you.forgottenbooks. the agistracy. of the executioner.' n voice. '" Monsieu r Ie Comte. im patiently. who seek a chief among the members ofthe royal mily.' '"Madame. the crown of France will be offered him. the nobility. and he will find the scaff Id instead of the throne. they will abolish the Catholic religion. '"Not even royalty! .The Comte de St. This party.' '"You have wished Madame d'Adhernar to bing you to me.. accompanied by my lackey.' hose sceptre will be the axe "At these words I could not contain myself. interrupt the Count in the Queen's presence: and taking upon me to © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. they will only obtain it by the absolut downfall of the clergy.' "The Queen. this prince will beco e the tool of men who will sacrifice him when he has ceased to be useful 0 them.
that this is a case in point. that this discourse astoni hes me more and more. perhaps I shall be asked for again. ' © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. may sometimes not be the probable.' said Ma rie-Antoine e. affecti ng a playfu tone. populace and some great pirit of delirium will take with all its horrors. 'do you think of what you are saying. but I can only speak the truth .forgottenbooks. Then it w not listened to.' "' But without the concu rrence of M.' your Majesty will permit old the ruin of Troy. and that you had served him faithfully . Madame. and ra nce is the kingdom of 1m.' re plied the Quee n.ForgottenBooks. civil war will burst out bring in its train murder. and for money. f they will overthrow all in their way. 'these are things that my ea rs are not accustomed to hea r. 'I have not c me with the intention of paying a homage to the Queen of which she mus be weary. and before whom you are spea king?' '"In truth. de Saint-Germain. a possession of the citizens.org '"Monsieur!' I cried.' '"An d it is in the gravity of the circu msta nces hat I find th is bold ness.' added Marie-Antoinette. if pro mpt measu res are not taken to avertthem.org . Some years yet will pass by in a deceitful c the kingdom will up men greedy for vengeance. '"I am deeply grieved to displease your Majesty. Madame..' '" Monsieu r. but indeed to point out to he r the da nge rs wh ich th reate n he r c own. The seditious members of the State will lend them support. '"I confess.' coolly replied M. exile. then from all parts of r power. I am Cassand ra. bu me in my tu rn to remind you that Cassandra fore that they refused to believe it. Monsieur. petu la ntly. 'the true. . the storm will have swept all before it. a little agitat d. and did I not know that the late King ha dan affec ion for you. it will II be regretted that I was but the time will be past . Priam. . pillage. perha ps.' '"I admit. You wish to speak to t '"Yes. Monsieu r. de Ma ure pas.' '"You are positive.
I fear that you will ajesty. not from m lice. we retire Saint-Germain said to me:-. Germain '''He is my enemy. and by right of th is he is su re to have flatte re rs. the Royal Almanac does not allow of any illusion about my own.. Madame. besides. will tell it again in his turn to M. ada me.' '''Monsieur. and in returning home with me M. but as I am not thei r su bject. for I do not propose to re ma in more tha n fo r days in France. ' '''If you exclude him from your find it difficult to approach his adviser.. d Maurepas.org . but from incapacity. this Minister will draw up a © 2010 Forgotten Books www. when?' "The Queen will permit me to h ve a weakness common to many persons. I ra k him among those who will further ruin of the kingdom. I never Iike to te II my age. wh at this period could not treat any matter seriously for long together.' u the of man who has the approbation of the He is more th an prime mi nister Mada me. the pi asu re of the King sha II be commu nicated to you. de '" I too am about to leave yo u.' said the Queen.forgottenbooks.' '''As for me. aII bed ie nce on my pa rt is a gratu itous act. who cannot act without his chief mand as long as they wish to employ me. Louis XVI.' "This was a dismissal.' '''And that was .' '''You are a severe judge majority. that b ings misfortu ne.' '''I shall be at their Majesties' co elations with the King. and for a long ti me. Monsieu r. ' here were you born?' '''At Jerusalem.The Comte de St.' '''What is it that makes you decide to start so quickly?' "The Queen will repeat to the ing what I have said to her. Farewe II.
ame to seek me on behalf of her Majesty. I Madame de Misery no good from this e n as he had taken off my livery. for he had charming manners when he pleased. for your intentions are good.org warrant (Iettre de ca het) against me. and I have no desire to go a the Bastille.' '"I bear no ill-will t you for it.. as so troubled. nor does the Queen either.' '"But ifthe King shou d summon you?' '"I will return.' '"I prefer not to need recourse to a miracle. I had told out her wishes. which he kissed with infinite grace. Farewell.' '"What wou Id it matt r to you? You wou Id get out th rough the key-hole.. Had he previously same way to you?" '"Not with so many d tails.' "He departed. Two hours after.' he said to me. Madame. I augured gerness.forgottenbooks.org . came up to me in a frank way.ForgottenBooks. Louis XVI. Sire? He has started for Paris. I found the King with Marie-Antoinette. I sha II e co mpromised!' '"Not so.' '"How shall you kno it?' '"I have the means a doing so: do not trouble yourself on that point. ut I blame the stranger for daring to foretell reverses to us wh ich a II the fur qua rte rs of the globe cou Id not offer in the co urse spoken in the © 2010 Forgotten Books www. and too my hand. I know how these things are done. on the contrary... 'what have you done with your "The Comte de Saint Germain. '"Madame wizard?' d'Adhern r. and the head of the police will have orders to put it into execution.' '"He has seriously a armed the Queen. farewell.' '" Mea nwh ile. She appeared to me emb rrassed. I remained greatly he Queen that in order to be the better able to carry auld not leave the chateau .
he is wrong in concealing himself from the Comte ho would know how to lay aside his personal enmities if it to sacrifice them to the interests of the monarchy. Whatever may happen. I to do so. I ure you as to the possible consequences of the fresh is mysterious personage. "Two hours lat r.org .' h added. 'I know the rogue better than you do. the years have not spared me. and I in ardly congratulated myself that M. I returned calme . absorbed in my own thoughts. I was still in my room. G rmain of a century.' "The cou rtiers f this period showed an exqursrte politeness to women. which was no onger to be found in its purity after the storm which overturned eve hing. 'for the uncere mon iousness of my visit. de Saint-Germain had foreseen all.' ove all. friend the Comte de Saint-Germain has his e is already at his old tricks. you will "My eyes filled with tears at this striking proof of the kindness of their Majesties. when there wa a knock at the door of my modest dwelling. and the Queen declares that th Comte de Saint-Germain presented the appearance of a © 2010 Forgotten Books www. He is credited with intellect and ability. de Maurepas. and M nseigneur Ie Comte de Maurepas was announced. and has recommenced "I was about to xcla im. He ca e forwa rd with a smi ling cou nte na nce. but before granting him a conference. at the turn that this affair had taken. '" Pardo n me. One thing only urprises me. as I was bound to do. were necessary speak to him 0 shall not refus grandfather lik wished to reas appearance of t be held clea r. I shall the subject.The Comte de St. and almost immediately the two folding doors opened. I rose to receive him wi h rather more briskness than if it had been the King of France. I heard an unusual comm tion. A de Maurepas. and politeness required that I should come to seekyou. I replied. and if he advises me to see Saint-Germain. and these preli '"Well!' returned? jugglery. to M.' he sa d.forgottenbooks. Madame. Madame. nevertheless. my d his society. but I have some enquiries to make of you. but vexed. for t e Queen spoke to me as affectionately as did the King. but stopping me with a gestu re of entreaty:-- '"Believe me.' he .
y u will not see them. the King summoned you to give him good advice.org man of forty..' "M. e condescends to tell us where he has got at so many "At this moment ur attention was diverted by the noise made by the open ing of the do r of my room . I told the Q een all that I was permitted to tell her. and disappeared" 1..org . our police hounds have a keen scent . All efforts to find th Cou nt fa iled! 1 ADHEMAR. so alarming .forgottenbooks. shut it. my revelations to the King would have been more complete... As to these calamities. while M.. s id:-'''M. but to have prepared them will be sufficient memorial of you .. for I have but a limited time t give to France and.. this time over. de Maurepas hurriedly rose... de Saint-Germ in.' being shut up in the Bastille. so circumstantial..ForgottenBooks.. where he will be well fed. turned towards the door a ain. The thaumaturgist.. In opposing yourself to my seei g the Monarch. except th well warmed.. I shall not be seen here aga in until aft r th ree consecutive gene rations have gone down to the grave. pp. we must know whence he has gained this information. Ie Comte de aurepas. approaching him. He did not give you his address. and you thi k only of maintaining your own authority. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. I will warr nt?' '''It will be discover d. and I must say that h s countenance changed a little... Hower that may be. until cu rious th ings. Nothing grievous will befall SaintGermain. it is unfortunate that you should have interv ned between His Majesty and me. Further . I shall have nothing to reproach myself ith when horrible anarchy devastates all France.. cit. you are losing the monarchy. Op. having spoken thus without taking breath. Expect no homage from posterity. frivolous and incapable Minister! You will be ranked among those who cause the ru in of empi res. the King thanks y u for your zeal. It was the Comte de Saint-Germa in who entered! A cry escaped me. i. 52-72.
from time to time. The friend of Royalty. iv. yet averting our heads. struck with a fatal blindness. not wishing the imself. Germain TRAGICAL PROPHECIES Germain strove to overshadowing it.forgottenbooks." and time has aIlowed the accuse r to sin k into a well-deserved oblivion." 1 The date at which these events were taking place was 1 however. ousted the 88. He it was who strove to make the King and Queen un erstand that M. some troubled or obse ant minds tried to snatch us from this fatal security. Alas! how can a storm be controlled when one sees it not? "Meanwhile. ernar is reviewing e attacks upon the ness year by year. de Maurep salvation of the country to come from anyone but thaumaturgist.The Comte de St. by making them s. He had Queen from the time of adviser" of whom mention T HE most deeply interesting of all the incidents re orded in this diary of Madame d'Adhernar are those which sho how M. and he re-appeared no more. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. The abyss was at our feet.-Germain had tried to unseal the eyes of Their Majesti perceive the approach of danger. "Time proves aII. the final crash. while the accused stand out as true friend and true prophet.-warn the Royal Family of th evils which were evidently watched over the unfortunate young her entry into France. de Maurepas and their other advisers were wrecking their ingdom.. op. cit.org . we were nearing the terribl catastrophe which was about to overwhelm France. It was like a kind of frenzy which hrust us gaily on to our destruction. The frivolity of 1 ADHEMAR. Let the voice of the dead woma n bea its own witness:-"The future was darkening. from pleasure to pleasure.. T King and Throne were increasing in violence and bitte owing to the fatal blindness already alluded to by our w s. He s the "mysterious is frequently made. iter. but M. de St. did not culminate until 1793. we hurried fro fete to fete. 1. I have already said tha the Comte de St. Madame d'Ad events and does not in every case put the exact date. he was yet the one most accused by the Abbe Barruel of leading the Revolution.
turning to me. asked me if I had read it. You shall read it at your leisure.... but in vain. a member of the parliament at Toulouse .--Germain was right. and noth ing has reached m him. de parliamentary adviser to the Chambres de Requetes. and at the same time I feared to displease th Minister.' added the Quee n. and requeste procure it for her. 'here is another to one ccount ulated in the ruling issive from my unknown. but M.' I re plied. however my attachment to the Queen prevailed. This was spread abroad and read with avidity.--Germain?' '" No. Sh letter in he hand. did make efforts to understand the co dition of affairs. for I have promised an a to the Abbe de Ballivieres. p.ForgottenB oks.org the Court increased pari passu with the hatred of its enemi s. To what are we coming? 1 " . 'how painful all these attacks authority of the King are to me! We are walking on dangerous gr und.' she said. and addressed of his friends. The Queen sent for me. The unfortunate Queen. and I hastened to her sacred order. Before the original reached Toulouse. This request caused me real embarrassment. many copies of it were cir in Paris. 'Madame d'Adhernar. I wi obey Her Majesty.' she said. 'the oracle has used the languag becomes him.. Madame d'Adhernar gives some of the de ails as follows: "I cannot refrain from copying here.org .forgottenbooks. it may be bad. "Marie-Antoinette read the article in my presence. Have you not heard people talking again of the Comte de St.. iv. and then sighi Madame d'Adhernar.. it was spoken of drawing-room ofthe Duchesse de Polignac. but it is n cheering. I begin to believe that your Comte de St. 63. "The Queen. W were wrong not to listen to him.' "Th is time. indeed.. a letter written by M. I wish that my friends could live on good t fro m wh ich t very dience rms!' 1 ADHEMAR. op. 'I have not seen him. the epistle is in verse. de Maurepas imposed a skil ul and despotic dictatorship upon us. in order to give an idea of th debates [in the National Assembly]. cit. © 2010 Forgotten Books www.
' said I.' " dispel the m ou are compared to the heroes of Ariosto (the speech of the Stael had occurred to the Queen). obscure then. The protectors of these gentlemen a d our Abbe will believe that the ill-will is on my side. play the part of peacegood King Sobrir. A hydra vile nd cowardly.' '''You are mi taken. I copied the following pa sage.even to showing herself implacable to their enemies! I will 0 inform Marie-Antoinette that the Abbe de Ballivieres had arrived acco ding to her command. "The time is ast approaching when imprudent France. but which afterwards became only too clear. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. This day.' '''Yes.org . behold the Countess Diana. even the white flag: Henceforth ill all be fraud.' friends. Which we sh II find instead of sweet repose. 0 ueen! is near. ink.' "The unkno ventured to add. the King will give the episcopal mitre neither to the Abbe d'Erse nor to the Abbe de Ballivieres. Surrounded y misfortune she might have spared herself. you might. cense r. and paper. 'as their enemies triumph in their quarrels. Towers and scutcheons.forgottenbooks. scales. trying to laugh in orde r to lancholy ofthe Queen. I passed into the small closet. she loves her '''Diana is a spoilt child. replied Her Majesty. since Baroness de maker of the to reason. with his enormous horns Will carry off the altar.The Comte de S • Germain '''Especially. Yea! FalIing s aII we see sceptre. Mada obey the Qu "They came .' n says the same as you do. where having aske Madame Campan for pen. an all be lawfu I to the wicked. 'however. but who is wrong or right?' "The Queen may satisfy both parties by means of the first two vacant Bishoprics. Will call to m nd such hell as Dante painted. no more can doubt remain. and Themis. throne. make her listen I will ta Ik reason to he r. In place of common sense. madness incredible Will reign. murders and violence.
org Great treams of blood are flowing in each town. er. More han one heart misled is humbled and repents. what evils.' '''Pray 'howe taken witho now gleam heaven you speak truly. 79 onste rs treated as the pee rs of heroes! sors. and who yet has always told me the truth? He arns me of the overthrow of everything that exists and. "Whe I returned to the Queen. if. People do say words turn out to be '''They are dismaying! incred ble things. ad! who ca n re ply to mu rderous judges? what brows august I see the sword descend! p.ForgottenBooks. written by a pen we already knew. have such clear s ght. Sobs nIy do I hea r. she said :-"'Wha do you ma ke of these th reaten ing verses?' But they cannot affect your Majesty. it was an impossibility.forgottenbooks. these are strange experiences. however. t seeking any reward. What rimes. and more fair.org .' © 2010 Forgotten Books www.' replied the Queen. for how could I believe that it was t eir simplest meaning that I ought to give them! How imagine. Mena e the subjects. follies. ering cries on all sides virtue flees.' "Thes prophetic verses. the prophetic true. and no indiscreet person could listen. if he gives a of hope. the assembly votes of death arise. more happy. what appalling guilt. it is so distant that I may not reach it. that it was the King and Queen who would die a violent death.. rm reaches you all in turn. Madame d'Adhernar. in 1788. as the potentates! And are tha none usu rper triu m phs in com ma nd.. oppressed. victors. t ey will concern our posterity. Who is this personage who has n interest in me for so many years without making himself known. in this common wreck. vanquished . and a the result of iniquitous sentences? We could not. for instan e. I rack d my brains to guess their meaning. and exiles see! On all ides civil discord loudly roars. At last closing the abyss and born from a black tomb There ises a young lily. astonished me.
The Comte de St. Germain
"I strove to comfort the Queen; above all, I told her, she must make her friends live on good terms with each other, and not I t their private quarrels be known outside. Marie-Antoinette answere me in these memorable words:-'''You fancy that I possess credit or power in our Salon. You are mistaken; I had the misfortune to believe that a Queen was permitted The conseq ue nce is that aII try to ru Ie me, or to use m personal advantage. I am the centre of a crowd of intrigu difficulty in avoiding. Everyone complains of my ingratitud role of a Queen of France. There is a very fine verse which I ma king a cha nge in the read ing: "Kings are conde mned to should say with more reason: "Kings are condemned to b lone liness." '''So I should act were I to begin my career again."
have friends. for their own s, which I have . This is not the pply to myself, agn ifice nce." I weary in utter
Madame d'Adhernar does not give any very definite dates i her diary, and it is chiefly by the historical episodes, which led up to the inal crash, that we are able to mark the passage of time. Passing on fr m the general events, deeply interesting in themselves, but not bearing 0 the Comte de St. Germain, we come to the proscription which was pas ed against the Royalists in 1789, and once more the unfortunate Qu en received a warning from her unknown adviser, whose advice alas! ell on ears too wea k to unde rsta nd. Hea ring of the proceed ings aga ins the Polignacs, Marie-Antoinette sent to warn the Duchess about her a proaching fall. Madame d' Ad herna r gra ph ica lIy tells the ta Ie as follows:-"I arose, and showing the pain that this commission gave Madame de Polignac. I could have wished to find her alone. Duke, her husband, her sister-in-law, the Count de Vaudreu de Ballivieres, On seeing my solemn look when I entered, still wet with the tears that had mingled with those of the that I had come for a sad reason; the Duchess held out her e, I went off to I met there the I and M. l'Abbe y swollen eyes ueen, they felt and to me.
'''What have you to tell me?' she said; 'I am prepared for ev ry misfortune.'
op. cit., iv., pp. 74-97. The date here mentioned
is 1 88.
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said I, 'for that whic
is about to burst upon you. Alas! my sweet
frie nd, bea r it with resignat on and cou rage .... ' "These words died away on my lips, and the Countes , taking up the words, said:-'"You are causing my sister Madame, what is the matte ?' "The Quee n,' I said, 'in order to avoid the proscri ption that th reate ns you-you and yours--wishes you t go for some months to Vienna.' "The Queen d rives me awa , and you come to te II me!' cried the Duchess, rising.
sufferings by your reticence. Well,
Unjust frie nd!' I answered, 'let me tell you aII that rema ins to be told.' had
"Then I went on and repea ed word for word what Marie-Antoinette charged me to tell her.
"There were more cries, m re tears, more despairings; I did not know to whom to listen; M. de V udreuil showed no more firmness than the Polignacs. '"Alas!' said the Duchess, 'it s my duty to obey, I will certainly depart, since the Queen wills it; but wi I she not permit gratitude for her innumerab e kindnesses?' me to repeat verbally my
'" Never,' said I, 'd id she th i k of you r going before she had consoled you; go then to he r cha mber, h r reception will ma ke ame nds to you for th is appa rent d isfavou r.' "The Duchess begged me to ccompany her, and I consented. My heart was broken at the sad interview etween these friends who loved each other so warmly. It was a flood of omplaints, tears, sighs; they embraced each other so closely that they auld not tear themselves apart; it was truly pitiful to see. "At this moment a letter w s brought to the Queen, curiously sealed; she glanced at it, shuddered a she looked at me, and said: 'It is from our unknown.'
© 2010 Forgotten Books
The Comte de St. Germain
'" In truth,' said I, 'it seemed stra nge to me that he shou Id ave re ma ined quiet in such circumstances as these; besides, he has only an icipated me.' "Madame de Polignac from her expression appeared eager to know what me.
was so familiarto
"A sign that I made let the Queen know this. Her Majesty t en proceeded to say: "'From the time of my arrival in France, and in every imp rtant event in which my interests have been concerned, a mysterious protector has disclosed what I had to fear; I have told you something of t, and to-day I dou bt not that he is advising me what to do.' "'Here, Madame d'Adhernar.' she said to me, 'read this lette ; your eyes are less tired than Madame de Polignac's and mine.' "Alas! the Queen referred to the tears that she never ceased to shed. I took the paper and having opened the envelope I read what folio s. "'Madame--I have been a Cassandra; my words have fallen n your ears in
vain, and you have reached the period of which I inform d you. It is no longer a question of tacking but of meeting the storm ith thundering energy; in order to do this and to increase your stren th, you must separate yourself from the persons whom you most love s as to remove all pretext from the rebels. Moreover these persons run t e risk of their lives; all the Polignacs and their friends are doomed to eath and are pointed out to the assassins who have just murdered the officers of the Bastille and the provost of the me rcha nts. The Comte d' A ois will perish; they th irst for his blood; let him ta ke heed to it. I hasten 0 te II you th is, later on I will communicate further with you about it.' "We were in the stupor which such a menace inevitably ca ses, when the Comte d'Artois was announced. We all started, and h himself was astounded. He was questioned, and, unable to keep silence, he told us that the Duc de Liancourt had just told him as well as the King, t at the men of the Revolution, in order to consolidate it, had made up thei minds to take his life (that of the Comte d' Artois), and that of th e Duches e de Polignac, and of the Duc, and also the lives of Messieurs de Vaudreu I, de Vermont, de Guiche, of the Ducs de Broglie, de la Vauguyon, de Cast ies, the Baron
© 2010 Forgotten Books
.. he who was said to have died in 1784. pp.. will cross Ta rpeia n rock. 0. d' Amec a real proscription . iv. des Polastrons--in a word "On returning home.. Neverthe less. 1 ADHEMAR. anarchy unequalled. cit. I will wa you will survive the tempest that will hav desi re that I have to see you.. all in due course. go to the eight e second chapel on the right be . I beheld the future. I had ordered my butler to bring me some very strong co ee. a cry of sur rise escaped me. "'COMTE DE ST. in their hideous grotesqueness. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. You know all I have tried to do to give affairs a different turn. nothing for the g even for the Duc d'Orleans. he still living. be prudent. so I went to bed. I have been scorned. frightful dreams tormented me and.--GERMAIN. and I took two cups of it. and beaten down all.' "At this name.forgottenbooks. op.org . already guessed.ForgottenBooks.org de Brete uil. and at what a moment. 189-193. Countess! This sun is the last which will set on the monarchy. 1 u rt. As day dawned. what an epoch! Why had he come to Fra n ? Was he the n never to have done with life? For I knew some old people who had seen him bearing the stamp of forty or fifty years of age... chaos will p evail. what shou Id w ask of me the impossible. Messieu rs de Villede uil. Keep yo urself in retire ment. I slept lit Ie.. and that at the beginning of the eighteenth century! "It was one o'clock at night when I read his etter. I resist the say to each other? You wou Id for the King. and enter t hand. the hour for the rendezvous was early. I can do nothin Queen. a note was given to me thus worded:-'"AII is lost. I arose worn out. now it is too late. without however understanding it. '" I have the honou r t ch ave r you. and hom I had not heard spoken of for long years past--he had suddenly re-app ared. '" . and w the Capitol to be th rown from the top of the you would care very much to meet with o'clock Mass at the Recollets.. nothing for the Royal Family. to-morrow it will exist no more. nothi who will be triumphant to-morrow. if n old friend.
came for ard. and. I P sted my Laroche as se nti nel and I e nte red the chapel named.. dis osed of? You who did not see it cannot make the compa rison. There are peri ds oftime when to retreat is impossible. while mine was covered with furrows and arks of decrepitude .... but he without said :-replying to my excla mation '"I have written it to you. soon after.. but I. I stood impressed by it. At ha If past seven I su mmoned a seda n cha ir. tryi ng to s ile. It was himself in person . and the Que n too? that M. my hands are tied by a stronger than myself. ' '"I have caught you. esus said so in the Gospel. and people could only have profited by mine. it would send him mad.. How is the monarchy of Louis XIV.forgottenbooks. pretty nea rly so! Ah! Mada me. followed by my confidential old servant. he smiled at me.' '" Mada me. What! not rule! What did I tell you. but at any rate His wo ds remain written. de Maurepas would let everything be lost. Germain wh ich revived me.. indeed. Yes! with the ame countenance as in 1760.. others © 2010 Forgotten Books www. took my hand...The Comte de St. behold a man approaching . "The ch urch was em pty.. . perhaps not before me. because he ompromised everything. nd almost before I had collected my thoughts in the presence of God. 'Wh re have you come from?' '"I am come from China and Japan . '"There you are!' I said. I was so troubled that I allowed him 0 do it in spite ofthe sanctity ofthe place. man of '"Who does not know the esterday!' history of this great reign? And Cardinal Richelieu. I repaired to the Recollets. ' '"Or rathe r from the othe r orld!' '"Yes. I was Cassandra.org . you r wisdom wi II be useless. kissed it gallantly. and now ho do you stand?' '"Ah! Comte. he who sows the wind reaps the whirlwind.' '"Aga in!' I said. if he were rebor . or a prophet of evil.. I an do nothing... down the re (I underli ne the expression) nothing is so strange as what happens here.
'''Will you see the Queen?' '''No. my hands repulsed the Comte.I rose on my seat. ..like Cazotte.' '''And if I cannot?' 1 The italics are in the original.' '''You fill me with horror. 1------1. she is doomed. this time I could not keep back a c . there is a 'Estaing has promised.. © 2010 Forgotten Books www..' '''You know . you too!' '''Yes.org when He has pronounced .1 entering. that this plot.. murder is premeditated.. go and tell the ay will be fatal to her. Into this we are "Oh.' '''He will "' Monsieu r. but the Comte take fright..52 ForgottenBooks. ' '''A balloon puffed out with wind! Even with him. whether decided. Retur Queen to take heed to herself. ' '''What you do not even suspect. and will hide himself.' he shall be instrume ow they are settling what to do t or victim. and in a trembling va ce I said: '''And you too! you! what. 'you cou Id rende r grea services to au r Save reigns if you would.' '''Doomed! To what?' '''To death!' and the decree ill be executed. by noon all will be to the Palace.forgottenbooks.' I said.' '''But M.org . de Lafayette .
I did not fficiently urge the Count. even disgust. on those whose presence formerly armed us. like children playing with handcuffs and slings. The Fr nch. do not wish for the sixth. de St. tormented. I fo und myself in th is cond ition unde r present ci rcu msta nces. t rn. sides. everything will be a toy to them. cut up. the State debt will exceed seve ra I thousa nd mi lIions!' "' 0 u are a te rrible prophet! When sha III see yo u aga in?' '" ive times more. there was a pause. and then. Republic. ribbons. so gloomy. the fi e ta Ike rs.' '" nd France?' '" ingdom. how we look w c b s c th indifference. mixed Governments.Th Comte de St. inspired m with little wish to continue it. perhaps if I had entreated him he would have me to her. will play with titles. The hour of repose is past. h nours. and the decrees of Providence must be fu Ifilled. M.' "I confess that a conversation so solemn. ell! under the d ictatorsh ip of the ph ila nth ropists. even to the shoulderb It of the National Guard.org . if I cannot? I thought I should not be listened to.forgottenbooks. in the name of which the Revolution is made. from clever tyrants she will pass to others who are ambitious without m rit. She will be divided. and it is through vanity that they will come back to them. Some fifty m lIions now form a deficit. the greedy will devour the finances. agitated. not from virtue but from v nity. resuming the conversation:-- © 2010 Forgotten Books www. the coming times will bring about the overthrow of the E pire. they will expel them from all the thrones they occupy. and in less than a century they will return to the rank o sim pie private ind ivid ua Is in thei r d iffe rent bra nches. the rhetoricia ns. and these are no pleon sms that I use. it is strange how much we change with age.' '"In plain words. parcelled out. so terrifying. Empire. pride will sway or abolish distinctions. the immediate danger of the Queen pie-occupied me. Germain '" es.--Germain oppressed my heart Ii e a night-mare. what do they want?' '" he complete ruin of the Bourbons.
Now I will take up my part again and leave you I ave a journey to take to Sweden. but he © 2010 Forgotten Books www. he pa sed close to You. no lange r wi II" ha ppy as a ki gil be said. then. you are joking.' '" I do not mea n to de ny it. did Madame la Co tesse meet him? '"He went out just now. au "He departed. and to ke p si Ience if it teemed with misfortu nes.--Germain as he "The Minister.' '"I must have been distracted. Laroche. he has long been dead.forgottenbooks. but fie ill come to pass! Farewell. I remained abso bed in deep meditation.' '"And he is menaced?' "'Yes. I wishe to see and I have seen. for I did not notice him' 'lilt is impossible. a great crime is brewing there. Monsieur. Madame. not knowing whether I ought to inform the Q een of this visit or not. in trut "Thus it is ever with us truthful upon whoever says that which revoir! ' I wish I had not listened to you. Madame.org .' by this door--close to you -he has passed?' id not strike my eye. deceivers are welcomed.' "The worse the times are the mo '"What! respectful I am to Madame. I arose at last and when I had faun Laroche again I asked him if he had seen the Comte de St. and still less as a queen. the "'Ah! the cleve r conj uror?' '"No. I am going to try to prevent it. he is worth more ha n his renown.org "Do not let me detain you longer' he said.' '"Farewell.' eople. Madame?' '"No. inte rests me. I decided to wait till the end of the week. I am like Athalie. His Majesty Gustavus III.ForgottenBooks. 'there is already disturbance in the city.
One i portant note which has been already noticed may. Bieste r of Berl in. proving the veracity and accuracy of that prophet who as sent to warn her ofthe doom to come. Perhaps the most interesting passages are those which give the u terances of the Comte de St. 254-261. but too clearly.. I await the sixth visit when God T us does a voice from the dead contradict the malicious diatribes made a ainst th is teacher. op. and on the e e of the murder of the Duc de Berri. ne ither p ophecies nor warnings availed her. Germain again. and we can see that they have been accurately correct in every d tail. It is evidently from the pen of the biographer that we get t is important little memo. and aIso refute the unfou nded assertions about his d ath in 1784. Germain '" he n he had made himself invisible! I am lost in aston ish ment'. Germain or that friend who had tried so vainly to s ve them from the storm which was then raging on all sides.T e Comte de St. made by Dr. however. in which their moral characters were not able to stand t e strain. and always to my unspeakable surprise: at the assassin tion of the Queen. He might have fitly quoted the words of the Prophet foreru nner. "I saw M. Germain with regard to the future of F nce.. in the month of January. xl." 2 But. slowly and sadly has the wheel of her Ii e turned round. and dated the 12th May. fastened with a pin to the o iginal MS.org . iv. cit. 3. The honour of France h s been wrecked by those who had arrogated to themselves positions of h nour and trust. pp. She died in 1822. 1813. 1821. DHEMAR. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. the t uth of the sorrowful forecast made by the Mystic Messenger of the last c ntu ry. at the com ing of the 18th Bru ma ire. wh ich have bee n already fu lIy n ted. the day fo lIowi ng t e death of the Duc d'Enghien. The Bourbons are now but a private family." 1 T ese are the last words that the Cou ntess d' Ad he ma r writes in con nection ith the Comte de St. 2 saiah. alas for Fra nce. It is now a hundred and thirty years since those words were u tered. here again b fitly quoted.forgottenbooks. de S . "I a the voice of one crying in the wilde rness. cases may be cited as instances illustrating. which is as follows: " ote written by the hand of the Countess.
she says: "The King was also much attached Duchesse de Choiseul." was w tch ing the clouds gather slowly on her horizon. One man also had long enjoy favour. p. i. Germain was asked to tep by the King of France. she struggled vainly against the stronger Powers. especia lIy directed ga inst England and Prussia. unless we glance br efly at the history of th period. had triu over the drawback of her birth. Pola nd. at Versailles.. which in the eighteenth century seems to stand out as a new 1 Souvenirs sur Marie-Antoinette. the King employed diplomatic missio ns and he acq uitted himself honou ra bly in them. was also a centre of discord. All Europe was in dissens on. the celebrated and mysterious Comte de St. th at "N iobe of Natio ns. and to whom I shall devote som when I have to speak of Cagliostro. was practically the originator of the whole system of secret diplomacy.org POLITICAL WORK Whe n sketch ing the portra its of those who were received into inti Louis XV. my who has not been rightly known. difficult indeed is it to disentangle the knotted web of European olitics which enmeshed the various nations. striving Iso to conquer India.org I .ForgottenB oks. From 1749. her simplicity. at war in America and with France. Dark and stormy is the scene on which we enter. racked within by strife sti red up by Russia. until the Austrian were defeated at Torga u in 1760. Austria and France had signed in 1756 an offensive and defen sive aIlia nce." T HE earliest definite hint of any political work on the part of the Comte de St. Russia was with them. England. during the Seven Yea s' War the throne of Prussia tottered more than once. Louis XV. Germain. Into this arena of combat the Comte de St. or wou Id not. nee Crozat. and she was frequently present suppers in the smaller apartments. ma ke. her frankness virtues than were necessary to make a success at Versailles. her d y was slowly ending. Germain is from the pen of Madame d'Adhernar 1 acy by to the more phed at the d this friend pages im on This passage would remain incomprehensible. in order to make that peace which his Min sters-involved in thei r own pia ns--cou Id not. 8 © 2010 Forgotten Books www.forgottenbooks.
France and Austria. or beyond the pale of their secret archives. 360. de St. The Baron de Gleichen gives some detail in his memoirs. and to break up the alliance between Fr nce and Austria. Germain. Beuchot. He is a man who never dies.. Baron de) Mernoires. fated never to be crowned wit the palm of success. GLEICH EN( . Germain with the Prime Ministers of England. therefore it is necessary to cite such write rs as ar ava ila ble to bea r the ir testimony on th is poi nt. 2 uvres. m n foredoomed to bear the blame of failure. Germain departure in the diplomatic political world. who in his volu mi nous correspondence with Frederick of Prussia says. and as he became later deeply interested in the mystical work of the Comte de St. In many histories and memoirs there is no mention of his phase of his life.forgottenbooks. The Gordian knot which could not be dise tangled. Ge rma in. de St. tried to cut. ed. and who will probably have the honour of seeing your Majesty in the course of fifty years. his version is of much value. Louis XV. . and wh knows eve ryth ing. xi. Paris. M. de Kaunitz. hich mention has already been made. M. it s very little known that the Comte de St. as if he were in the ntimate council of these leaders. who supped formerly at Trent with t e Council Fathers. 1868. and M. hence we find the King of France employing secret agents. men who could be trusted with delicate missions. de St. Germain had any diplomatic ission whatsoever. p. Ie Duc de Choi eul.. Outside the various Foreign Offices. 130. Lettre cxviii. on which rested the credit of the Duc de Choiseul. de St. p. Pitt do not tell me their secret." 2 1 VOLTAIRE. the sceptic. It is said to be nly known by a M. Not least a ongst these sta nds Volta ire.org . Louis XV. The Ma rsha I drew up the instructions." 1 The allusion "supped at Trent" is a reference to the gossip which originated from Lord ower's impersonation and misrepresentation of M. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Germain.The Comte de t. April 15th. the King del ive red th m himself with a cipher to M. giving as it does an insight into some of the complications in France. 1758: "Your ministers ar doubtless likely to have a better outlook at Breda than I. . and Madame de Pompadour wished for this special treaty of pace. . Iviii. H. He writes: " he Marshal [de Belle-Isle] was incessantly intriguing to get a special trea y of peace made with Prussia.. The important point in this letter i that Voltaire refers to a political connection of M.
de d at the Hague he came into collision with M. proached M. and fixing them alternatively on M. born 1715 at Versailles. ascribes the Comte's appearance to the Secret Treaty of eace.org . e distrust which so St. That the Duc de reached him. his pet schemes were in jeopardy. de Choiseul immediately sent back the courier. but the two had no relations with each other. bec me in 1780 Colonel of the Swiss Guard. a Swiss. d'Affry to make a peremptory demand to the StatesGeneral to deliver bound hand and f in Council the de casting his eyes h rou nd on King an time to take the 0 up M. to the ambition of making a Treaty Peace under his very eyes without informing him of it. both in Cabinet and State. and when M." 2 The date mentioned by this author is not quite accurate. p. Germain at the Hague. 81. Before entering on the ambassahere are a few words from Herr Barthold to be noticed. ughtily on his colleagues. to send him ot to the Bastille. 1 © 2010 Forgotten Books www. de St. the unreliable statements about our philosopher ade by the Marquise de Crequi and the Markgrafin von Anspach--goes 0 : "But of this mysterious mission of the Adept. Nor has this point--so essential to the understanding of the way business was con ucted in France. but. it appears that M. his ngland were on the eve of failure. d' Affry. is t intrigues against d'Affry "bitterly r hoiseul was profoundly annoyed when this information be understood.forgottenbooks. that being done. de Belle-Isle. d'Affry.. as fina ncie r to the cr wn and diplomatic Agent. ie Geschichtlichen D Personlichkeiten. where the Comte d'Affry was French Ambassad r. to wh ich he was in itiated. ordering . then. ii. evide tly on a private mission. Voltaire. The next day M.ForgottenBooks. she makes no mention. he then read his own reply. through an obscu e foreigner. he--after criticising somewhat severel . 1 bassador from France. is the as we shall see. the n. g account of this diplomatic mission. Berlin.org Th us.and with good reason. but in the laboratory of Chambord. and the dignity of an Ambassador. 2 BARTHOLD. About this time we find St. 1846. de Choiseul produced patch of M. en the royal protection could not avert the suspicion and npleasant a position naturally incurred. it is beca use I am convinced that no one Ludwig Augustin d Affry. 98 Ambassador at the Hague in 1755. M. Germain and. Germa in arriv the accredited A dorial despatches giving an interesti mission duly signed and sea led by the King h imse If. as we sh II see. not at the ministerial desk. he added: 'If I did not give myself ders of the King. who is generally good reporter. de Choiseul for having sacrificed an old friend of his fath r. p. died in 1793 at his castle Barthelemy i Waadt. at this period-ever been much commented on.
wherein he recounts much that has alread been given in these pages in praise of the Comte de St.org . Passing. de Kauderbach. de St. (c. and thwarted the plans of the best citizen in France. who.The Comte de St. Petersbu rg. therefore. he is him who. perish ht hundred ature. of the way in which Louis XV. de St. weak an irresolute. It is they who corrupt everything. Germa in. Germain. Germain here would be bold enough to desire to negotiate a Trea y of Peace without the knowledge of Your Majesty's Minister for Foreig Affairs!' He knew that this Prince had established. knowing his extreme good nature. Baron de) Mernoires. The King c st down his eyes like a guilty person. wh serve a different monarch. the bank m narchs. abuse i. Germain escap d him. allowed his arrangements to be cancelled without a w rd. and always mai tained. de St. and on the changes in t e choice of Minister in this kingdom. rapidly on to follow the events at the Hague. xi. Germain. that the Minister of one department should not me die with the affairs of another. Hence the disunion and jealousy amongst the Ministers. of his powers and knowledge and then goes on to say: "I had a long conversation with him on the causes of the troubles of France. despatched a I rge body of guards to arrest M.. It turned out as he had foreseen.. the Marshal e Belle-Isle. we ne have some interesting despatches from M. Those who surround him. but M. Minister fro the Saxon Court at the Hague. M. 131. I have some grounds for believing that he soo left it again to go to St. however. having made good their assent." 1 No better account could be given than this.forgottenbooks. who wi II u nderta ke to cu r 1 GLEICHEN seem all to aris. and he is surrounded only by creatures placed by the Brothers Paris. This. She knows the evil and has not courag it. are sole Iy occu pied in flatte ring h through it are ever preferably listened to. and firmness is to remedy it rad ica lIy. Their Highnesses. 2 © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. having been priva ely warned. Monseigneur. the Marshal dared not say a word and M. All is corrupted by the Brothers France. fled to England. s foible. pp. in the time of Louis XV. by one present a the French Cabinet Council. provided they may attain their object of gaining ei millions! Unhappily the King has not so much sagacity as good not. aware of the malice of the people aroun knowing h is lack of firm ness. de Choiseul's action was approved. who alone cause all the trouble of France. is what he said t me on the subject: 'The radical evil is the monarch's want of firmness. The same defect as t found in the mistress. the principle. H. The Brothers Paris-Duverney were the great financiers. 132.' It is he the n.
forgottenbooks. this wary diplom tis returns once more to the attack. from whose despat hes these extracts are gathered." Later on. He boast d of being authorised to make peace. Germain as a dangerous character. selected by the Marshal de Belle-Isle.. the d ifficu Ities and the nd by these flatteries he 1 TAILLANDIER. Revue des deux Mondes.ForgottenBooks. this Minister of State reported it 0 the Council of Deputy Commissioners for the province of Holland. dissension that he declared reigned in France. Un Prince Allemand du VIII. pp. 1760. having com unicated this order to the Pensionnaire. one must look upon him either as a an sure of his ground. Germa in was four hours with the English Minister. d' Affry. n finding that the Duc de Choiseul did not favour the plans of Louis XV. 897. inclination of Mme. Siecle. de e darkened the picture. Ixi. I have th is mome nt hea rd th t the cou rier whom the Comte d' Affry received last Monday brought him an orde r to dema nd from the State the arrest and extradition of the f mous St. and one with whom his most Christian Majesty has reason to be dissatisfied. and more in accordance with th Pompadour. in another despatch. The day before his d pa rtu re. St. The latter ga e the ma n wa rn ing. de Choiseul. th self-respecting diplomat then began to disparage the man whom so la ely he had lauded as a prodigy. SAINT-RENE. and made him sta rt for Engla nd.org . very shortly changed his friendly tone.. painting in the strongest colours the cabals." 1 The Saxon diplomatist. and runs as follows: "Apri I 24th. hence the next despatch is amusingly di erent in tone. did I not fear to weary you with tales which must s em rather romantic than real. which have hitherto bee n rega rded as ind ispensa bly necessa ry. I could ntertain your Excellency much longer with this singular man and with his nowledge of physics. 896. Hea ri n him spea k with so much freedom. were warmly in favour of peace. hom he showed letters in nce. from which there were in fact some traces of confid understood that the principles of the Marshal. M. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. or else as the greatest fool in the world. "The adventurer gave himself here th airs of a secret negotiator.org he ta kes upon himself to put down by his inf ue nce and 0 perations in Holland the two names so prejudicial to the S ate. a assembly of which the Comte de Bentinck is Preside nt. He wished it to be iffering from those of M.
The King of Prussia was. anoth r political phenomenon appeared there. and his 0 n agent. 897. Germain thought to gain the confidence of the English pa had written to the Ma rsha Ide Belie-Isle. 0 the condition of affairs: "On his arrival in that city [London]. cit.org . these efforts for pe Choiseul. On the other hand he d' Affry knew not how to de Bentinck-Rhoon. on pain of expiating his rashness for the rest of his days in a dungeon on his return to France. the end of e who had the power of nigh. From this distanc the picture of France sketched by M.. when endeavouring to stay the of time we can see that ain was by no means too greater ruin. who had his own schemes to forward natural could have occurred than that the new by the opposite pa rty. at this period. who nd desired only to make success of her negotia- tions with England. M. He had been employed by France. the following account is given later by Frederick II. rushing wildly on to which was to be a scene of blood and butchery. seeing the evil days that were drawing so steadil picture too darkly. op. a man whom no one has been a Ie to understand. Ger dark: France impoverished. Germain. Nothing more elper should be attacked It is evident. that M. that M. se documents. and trying to ce were frustrated by de ith Austria.. with a command to forbid St. d'Affry. de St.forgottenbooks. appreciate or carry out the plans of the Comte was a man of the best intentions in the world. ofthe King. p." 1 Truly ludicrous is the difference in the tone of th Germain was endeavourin to carry out the wishe help an exhausted country. de St. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. had just arrived in London to confer with th English Ministers. that 1 TAILLANDIER. d'Edelsheim. in Freyberg. de St. Germain was in the confidence of the Marshal de Belle-Isle--who al 0 wanted peace--for the Saxon Ambassador uses the phrase "some tra s of confidence. and was even so high in f vour with Louis XV. He was known under the name of the Comte de St. from the paper cited.The Comte de St. Germain to meddle with a y transactions. himself useful to France in order to promote th y. These letters were sent back to M." when speaking of the correspondence he had seen a d the evidence of confidence he was forced to admit. M. could he paint that ruin of fair France? But we must take up some other threads of this angled skein.
returning from London via Holland to fetch his luggage from aris. advising him on his leaving urin not to re-enter the kingdom.. 94.ForgottenBooks. ho ever. on the other hand. Op.org this Prince had thought de 1759 1760). op. CIuvres Pasthumes.1 a of giving him the Palace of C ambord" (De I'hiver The mission of M. was induced to remain a few days with the Bailly de Froulay. one may conclude that it was he who. Germai 's project. pp. for in the work just cited we hear that St. 17 8. Germain have to leave London. Germain as the essenger of peace. Rai de Prusse. In th is d ifficu It situ tion the Ma rsha I de Belle-Isle selected the Comte de St. BARTHOLD. so as to make it easier for him to be sent to London as agent. succeeded in frustrating St. 94. Choiseul. found nothing and told him to decamp. cit." This would indeed be one method of cutting the political entanglement of France !--a n intrigue of a pronou nced so rt arra nged by the King. 73. Choiseul assu ed the prisoner that it was only by these means that he could silence t e suspicions of the Imperial Minister. cit.. but this 'scene indekente' was simply a trap to get hold of the Baron's papers. receiving a Lettre de Cachet." 3 Th is hat de Choiseul had only pretended to be annoyed with M. Alas! missions of peace ra rely resu It in a nyth ing but d i comfort and sla nde r 1 2 3 FREDERICII.. Lord alifax however saw through the plan. thro gh an article London Chronicle. When the Marquise Duc de Choiseul of his presence in Paris that Prime n' en suis pas su rpris. d'Edelsheim is not clearly stated. appa rently without the knowledge of his chief Minister. de St.forgottenbooks. Frederick ta kes care not to find fa uIt ith his agent. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www.org . faili g to bring about the peace so sorely desired.. who through over-zeal had drawn discredit on himself in Paris. pu isq u'i I a passe la nuit da ns informant proceeds: "Casanova is therefore satisfied in the difficult to find the ain was seen in the d'Urfe informed the Minister replied: "Je mon ca binet. 1761." In this extraordinary maze of secret negotiations it i truth. 93. p. and th n... p. the details are given by Herr Barthold 2: "The Prussian ne otiator . in order to arrive at a peace for wh ich the whole cou ntry pined. Germ in. iii. Ger Bois de Boulogne in May. he was put into the Bastille. ut we find that not only did M. Stahremberg. BARTHOLD. de St. but that the Prussian agent f red even worse. Berlin.
de St. the Marquis de Pons Saint-Maurice. Germain tha by the King's orders he cannot discuss the subject with him unless he p proof of his being employed with the consent and King. in this case is remarka correspondence with Louis XV. etc. de St. 1760. d' Affry is not in the secret. it is dated March 14th. some hint as to th may have been given by one king to the other. By especial permission from the Foreign Office we ha e been kindly permitted to make use of these extracts. dated Wh ite ha II. Leaving now the condition of affairs in France an passing on to England. on this last poin ns with persons of high m he had. written at the time when portfolio for Foreign Affairs. he sa s. Germain passed on f Tu rn ing now to some other witnesses. as om England to Russia. Germain for the bearer of the message.The Comte de St. to have been sent by France to negotiate conce rn ing the Peace. The full correspo dence is too lengthy to print in the limited space permissible in these pa es. d' Affry as has already been given to M de St. Germain was authorised to talk to General Yorke in the manner he did." The insight of George III. we find Ie. a fa ilu re ca used by the ambitions of t e pol itica I lead ers. and Lord H Idernesse in London.forgottenbooks. but s ys that Mo ns. The answer to this document comes from "Whitehall. 1760. The former claims. de St. I ventured one day to speak of him to the French envoy." and is fro m Lord Holdernesse 0 Gene raI Yorke. Germain and himself. and gives the fu II acco unt of a long intervie between the Comte de St. "the King to Mons. M. Germain.org . The King t inks it probable that M. and.. de Choiseul the Treaty of Peace we have seen. M. such as the Cardinal de Bernis. in th is he directs the latter "to tell M. we find some very interesting correspondence bet een General Yorke. the Cardinal held the the envoy made me no © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. I privately expressed to him m great surprise that this man should have held private and intimate relati rank. In that owing to M. it was said. and that his comm ission is unknown to the Du de Choise u I. Thiebault in his memoirs saying: "While this sin ular man was at Berlin. 1760. The first despatch is from General Yorke to the Earl of Holdernesse. Ma rch 21st. Ma r directs that the same answer shou Id be retu rned oduces some authentic nowledge ofthe French h 28th. unless in his private real condition of things ny case the fact remains as not arranged. and the history of the world recorded one more fa ilu re." In the next despatch. the English representative at the Hague. from wh confidential letters.
under the name of Chevalier Weldon. piecing them together." 3 Nowhere ar to be found the details of any of these diplomatic missions. de St. Germain an the State.. 46. 3rd ed. Camilio.F.. 1 THIEBAULT. . among kings." 2 Th is statement c n be corroborated by the writer of the life of Graf Marcolini. This informant says: "The Lord High C amberlain.org . of wh ich no deta ils are to be fo nd. that from Cou rt to Co urt. th e Comte de St. p. was trusted as fr end.D. wh ere he had much interc urse with the Prussia n Ambassador. de St. the fact sta nds clea r y proved. and by none feared as enemy. Q'BYRN. M. i. HEZEKIEL.. von Alve nslebe n. 1877. Germa in was received a nd known. Graf Marcolini repaired to Leipzig with the intention of St. mportant post in Dresden if he would render a great service to 'Wonder Ma n' howeve r refused these offers. Graf Marcolini.. and ambassador. princes. The Graf Marcolini was a man renowned for his integrity and upright character. and did not at all fact that he was a Prince Ragotzy." 1 Th i passage im plies other diplomatic missions. which has b en carefully compiled from the secret archives of the Saxon Court (with special permission) by the Freiherr O'Byrn. makes an important statement that when M. Germain on hearing of his arrival under the name of ctobe r 1776 . the sympathy to the Comte de St.. p. but he came in 1777 to Dresden.. who has also been quoted. th arcolini to the swindling in the Schr6pfer affair... Abenteuerliche Geselien.Dresden. the meeti ng resu Ited in the Graf offeri ng St. op.org reply. 1862. h s biographer says: "Considering the strong opposition shown by the Graf he extende more wond interviewing We IIdou n. G. Graf Marcolini: Eine Biographische Skizze. we can onl gather the fragments and. 84.. Germain on his arrival in Saxony is all the rful. Ge rma in re used them. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. iv. came from Dresden to Leipzig and made to the Comte--in the name of the Court--certain promises. 2 3 cit. Germain was in Leipzig the Graf Marcolini a high public position at Dresden. Our philosopher was at 76.forgottenbooks.ForgottenBooks. Another wri to the effec offered him Leipzig in 1 conceal the er. . Berlin.
forgottenbooks. who had b en Envoy at Berlin during the time that all these events took place. This correspondence was bought by the Trustees of the Mus um from Sir William Forbes. even in cases where the original sources ontain much information about him. Keepe r of the British Museu m. de St. It appear that George III. Carl von). Biss t in 1850. Aus vier Jahrhunderten. Germain is mention editions usually exclude the information given in the earlier may this be seen in a work 1 already referred to. Car he different d. de St. In the first edition of this work there is a long article on M. and they were accordingly consigned to the personal care of Mr. good-fort beneficent power gave the clue to these hidden records. was made of M. zu Ore sd en. Germain. no mention. 1857. for it is a constantly recurring experience to find all reference to ou ph ilosophe r carefully excluded. and the letters which treated of him were unnoticed. have never yet been entirely published." in which these interesting letters have been so long T concealed. curiously enough.The Comte de St. Chance. Germain. Leipzig. requested that these documents should not be made pu lic during his life. A cert in portion of the record of his diplomatic career was published by Mr. to have been a "conspira amongst the diplomatists and writers of this period and lat r. Pianta. Germain IN THE "MITCHELL PAPERS" HE diplomatic correspondence which forms almost the whole of this paper is practically an appendix to the last chapter. by Dr. de St. Keeper of the Saxon Archives in Dresden.org . however. the later nes. which is not to b found in the 1 WEBER (Dr. Germain to England. The details given are interesting and importa nt lin ks in that cha in of vents wh ich brought M. de St. A striking instance of such omission is found by searching editions of works in which M. of silence" There appears. The "Mitchell Papers. the heir of Sir Andrew Mitchell. Mittheilungen a s dem Haupt- Sta ats-Archive © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Notably von Weber.
Germain. HOLDERNESSE'SDESPATCHES. In Lord Holde rnesse 's ofthe 21st. with this point in min understand the difficulties in which he was involved.org later editions of these volumes. Copy of General Yorke's letter to the Earl of Holder esse. LD." nd ca n on Iy be seen when sanctioned. or do. "Hag e. who was at the period Russian Minister in Engla nd. March 14th. and that your Lords ip is convinced that whatever I say. P. PUT. The language is quaint. has no other motive but the ad antage of the King's service. and that he had to disgui the confidence of Louis XV. 1760. Instances might be easily multiplied steady omission wherever possible. March 14th. etc. and 0 express by me His © 2010 Forgotten Books www. which is by permission at length being gathered toget er. but the conte ts present a page of history well worth our study. L. 1760.VOL.forgottenbooks. 1760. we find that the first letter is from Genera MITCHELL PAPERS. this includes the letters of Prince Galitzin. It must be remembered that the mission undertaken Germain was a secret one. 1.. 6818.. but no facts have so far been found on this oint. documents. of this Now the Foreign Office records contain a volumin us correspondence. All the corresponde nce is ma rked "secret. "My present situation is so very delicate that I am se sible I stand in need by the Comte de St. As it has pleased His Majesty to convey to Fra ce His sentiments in general upon the situation of affairs in Europe. and the style somewhat heavy. hence the docu- ments which make up this paper have been copied wi hout delay. "MY LORD. The first letter appears to show that Lord Holdernesse alread knew of M. e how far he was in it will be easier to Turning now to the Yorke. de St. which I hope I shall conti ue to find from His Majesty's unbounded goodness. CLXVIII. Se ret. The British Museum records have no such restricti ns.ForgottenBooks. 1760. (12). of the utmost indulgence. XV.org . Hague.
de Belle-isle. Appendix I.org . who resided some time in England where he did no hing. at least. but did not come as he appointed. "He a and ta Hague volubil su bjec not th peared. known by the name f Count St. etc. ffry treats him with respect and attention but is very jealous of him and di not so much as renew my acquaintance with him. his freedom upon all s.The Co te de St. 1 and has enabled him to make a certain figu re n that cou ntry. "Your ordship knows the history of that extraordinary man. by way of credentials. and his own particular ambition to contribute to an event 0 desirable for humanity in general. Germain wishes imagin that 0 pa ins t for restoring the public tranquillity. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. I suppose the Court of Versailles s the same channel may be the proper one for addressing itself to England. He called. He began im me iate Iy to ru n on about th e bad state of France--the ir wa nt of Peace-their d sire to make it. at my door. the most natural way of accounting for the ke n by France to employ anybody to ta Ik to me. "As I k ew so much of this man. and did not choose to enter into conversation w thout being better informed. at Amsterdam where he was much caressed ked of. Mada e Pompadour. and has within these two or three years resided in France whe re he has bee n upon the most fa miliar footi ng with the French King. and yesterday he desired to speak with e in the afternoon. In the first he Ap rtment in the Castle: v. which has procured him a grant of the Royal Castle of Chambord.forgottenbooks. I returned his visit. and therefore he re ewed his application this morning and was admitted. for some days. Belleis e. howev r. he pr duced to me. he ran on about his predilection for En land and Prussia which he pretended at present made him a good frie nd 0 France.. and upon the marriage of Princess Caroline alighted at the The same curiosity created the same attention to him here. I affected at first to be very grave and dry--t Id him that those affairs were too delicate to be treated between persons who had no vocation and therefore meant I suppose this style was irksome to him. M. aII kinds of su ppositions--a mong wh ich his being sent about Peace least. His ty of tongue furnished him with hearers. the other the 26th 1 An desired to know what he for immediately afterwards two letters from Marshal of February. This is. one dated the 4th. Germain.
since we had made the proposa I in the midd Ie of ou r success wh ic had much increased since. because she does not know what 0 trust to. Mada me P mpadou r is not Austrian. we must be convi ced of their desire. I sked him to explain himself. t want such information from me. and some commonplace compliments. and the disagreeable prospect before them even if the King 0 Prussia was unfortunate. for they felt it had cost them thirty-six millions. and that France knew our situation too well. and the Duke Choiseul is so Austrian that he does not tell all he receives. whether it was Canada? No. the Dauphin. as they wou I have suga r enough without it. I have no dou bt of the authenticity of th se letters. was advanced by this political Adventurer.org sends him the French King's passport en blanc for him to fi I up.Forg ttenBooks. though the most positive. and brought them no re urn. The East Indies? That he said was the sam place. for their interior requires it. they wish to ma ke up matters with some honou r. Berrier. I asked him what they said of Dunkirk? He made no difficulty to demolish it. Madame Pompadour. They want to know the real sentiments of E gland. I therefore told him th t the King's desire for Peace was sincere. They can't do otherw se. I felt myself in a great doubt whether I should enter into conversation. and n both runs out in praises of his zeal. she will become so. Germain a the forlorn hope. d' Affry is not i the secret. but that sign ifies noth ing. as it was connected with all their money affairs. desire peace with England. and the Mars al Belleisle. and they don't pretend to expect much good from that quart r. and much more. and the hopes that are founded upon what he is gone abo ut. w thout them impossible. It is she. but is not firm. This. b t as I am convinced he is really sent. who send St. "As the conversation grew more animated I asked him what Fr nce had felt the most for in her losses. in the second he expresses great impatience to hear from him. which he did as follows:--the King. I thought I should n t be disapproved if I talked in general terms. "After perusing them. Spain is not relied upon. if she is sure of Peace. except the Duke hoiseul and Mr. and there could be no doubt of it. M. and that I m ght depend © 2010 Forgotten Books www. with the French King's knowledge. the affair was easy. and all the Court and Nation. but declined going any farther than the most gen ral. assu ra nce of a desi re for Peace on His Majes y's pa rt. and that. his ability. he said. Guadalou pe? They wou Id never stop the Peace for that. I talked of the dependence of France upon the tw Empresses.org . beside. as he says.forgottenbooks. that is a turn given by the Duke Choiseul. I was not informed. that with our Allies. for he will be tu rned out. before they could be touched upon. that as to particulars.
and Fra ce seems in great want of it. "J. He then asked me what we thought about Minorca? I that we had forgot it. a e a little indolent in taking a resolution. and the Lady. Germain upon it. "I have. "This is the material ays he. M. that. "I humbly hope His Majesty will not d isa pprove what I have don . nor di couraged him from expecting. have told them over and over again. which I neither encouraged.forgottenbooks. YORKE. the opportunity looks favourable. by Lord Holdernesse. "Whitehall. at least. till he knew whether I had any answer. Germain were sufficiently good t hearing. C. he begged the secret might be kept. March 2 st. which runs as ition. 1760. and to Rotterdam. as it would appear answer sent at his command." It is clear that the English Envoy found himself in a difficult po credentials of the Comte de St. nobody ever mentioned it. and I shall wait for orders before I stir a step farther. and he should go to Amsterdam. Secret.org I . though I can as easily break off all intercourse as I have taken it up. seem understood the complication to some extent. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. M. but he was not an accredited Minister. and H. etc.The Comte de St.. A General Congress seems n t to their taste. "SIR. It IS not easy to conduct oneself under such circumstances. I with the part of what passed in the course of thr e hours' conversation which I promised to relate. "The King seemed desirous to open the door for Peace. and they are embarrassed expense. and they seem willing to go farther than they care to say. the ensure a to have from the ollows: Copy of letter from the Earl of Hold ernesse to Majo r-Gene ra I York . but they would be glad of some offer. George II.
that you cannot talk with him upon such interesting subjects unless he produces some authentic proof of h s being really employed with the knowledge and consent of His Most Chri tian Majesty. and in a way conformable to your former instructions. according to his present appearance. "The King tion with you right I general te detriment articularly applauds your caution of not entering into conversa- im.ForgottenBooks. Germain is. Germain will be disavowed with very little ceremony whenever the Court of France finds it convenient. thou h threatened with the same fate that befel the Cardinal Bernis. but even to the Minister for Foreign Affairs at Versailles. But at the same time you may add. "His Maje ty does not think it unlikely that Count St. which observe were a sort of credential. And by his own acco nt his commission is not only unknown to the French Ambassador at the Hague.org . "It is the r fore His Majesty's pleasu re that you shou Id acq ua int Cou nt St. of which you give a accou nt in you r secret lette r of the 14th. as you talked to him only in ms. till he produced two letters from Marshal Belleisle. and no rnrnement the ing of Prussia.org "I have th pleasure to acquaint you that His Majesty entirely approves ct in the conversation you had with Count St. St. will be ready to open Himself on the conditions of a Peace. ever read to prove the sincerity and purity of his intentions to prevent the farther e usion of Christian blood. provided always. who. you are directed to say. whereas. if the Court of France will employ a person duly authorised to negotiate on that subject. that it be previously explained and understood. that the King. no cou Id arise to His Majesty's se rvice we re everyth ing you said publicly kn wn. What you say will be authentic. that in case the two Crowns shall come to a ree on the terms of their Peace. Germain may really have bee Christian ta Ik as he can be 0 between authorised (perhaps even with the knowledge of His Most ajesty) by some Persons of weight in the Councils of France to has done. that the Court of France shall expressly nd confidentia lIy agree th at His Majesty's Allies. a © 2010 Forgotten Books www. Germain. and no matte r what the cha nnel is if a desira ble end tained by it.forgottenbooks. is still the pparent Minister. Ge rma in t at ina nswe r to the letters yo u wrote me in conseq ue nce of you r conversati n with him. are to be comprehended in the accomodement faire. But there is no venturing farther conversations ne of the King's accredited Ministers and such a person as this St.
The Comte de St. Germain "It is unnecessary to add that England ill never so much as hear any pre hend His Majesty as Elector. whenever s that the Duc de Choiseul was the Earl of Holderness. and I thought it more prudent to let him alone till he p oduces something more authentic. Germain. e St. d'Affry's cove. "The Duc de Choise uI has. she has acq ainted the Duc de Choiseul. Madame de Po padour is not pleased with him neithe r for insin uating th ings aga inst . acq ainted M.org . April 4th. had wrote to him under M. etc. d' Affry. however. Pou rpa rle rs of a Peace wh ich is not to co "I am. "HOLDERNESSE. Germain will be disavowed wi h very little ceremony the Court of France finds it convenient. but in civil terms. xxii. Marshal Belleisle. and accompanie this order with a menace of the consequence if he did. So that he has acquired an enemy more th n he had. of wh ich. to the tenor of the orders I had received." In a passage quoted from the M moirs of Baron de (THEOSOPHICAL REVIEW. I have not seen him since 0 r second interview. comformable still here. Copy of letter from Major-General Yorke t Gleichen ceremony and Lord authentic." The next letter from General Yorke sho working against this much desired peace. however. thanking him © 2010 Forgotten Books www. 1760. "Hague.forgottenbooks. "The credit of my political Adventurer.. d' Affry that he shou Id again renew to him peremptorily to meddle in nothing which related to the political affairs of France. either from inclination or apprehension. de St. Germain was thrown over t the King's Council. we ha e seen with how little M. M. Holdernesse spoke truly when writing:" hat you will say will be whereas St. does not seem to have gained ground since my last. "MY LORD. 45). too. he is. and th Duc de Choiseul seems so much set upon discrediting him that he takes t ue pains to prevent his meddling in any affairs. Secret.
at the same French King had an Ambassador at the Hague in wh confidence. "JOSEPH YORKE. that as the m he placed his thought was for rs shows that he de Choiseul.ForgottenBooks. and conse uently. I take it for granted. from whence it is reasonable to conclude that they will try their chance in war once more. Germain and me. The whole relates to the affairs of Holland. who nd. however. the tone of Marshal Belleisle's lett had been more connected with St. "I have the honou r to be. we cannot expect anything but chicanes nd delays in the negotiations. and that France having the worst of the quarrel could not make the first prop sals: that he had opened himself to me. etc. to which there is no key for the public. d'Affry told this person likewise. they have been repeatedly told that His M jesty cannot and will not treat but in conjunction with his Ally. to whom M. M. and the bad hands they were in. there has appear d as yet nothing about St. if such a man gained any credit. to whom he added. but that as I had taken no notice of him since. he might safely communicate to him what h the service of France. It is impossible. the insinuations St. d' Affry showed aII the letters. Who knows what he may have said to Mr.forgottenbooks. d'Affry. that as the Duc de Choiseul has got the better of him in one instance he will be able to do it in all the others. "In all this correspondence. "A person of conseque ce. therefore. Yorke. Germain than the Du is outrageous against him and seems to have the upper h ime.. but telling him. as far as could be expected at firs. Germain had made of the wrong measur s they took here. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. as long as that prevails. the King f Prussia is to be excluded. tho' Those who govern seem inclined to keep the door ope n for coming ba ck aga in if necessa ry. as the Court might lose all credit and confidence either abo t Peace or War. they imagined England wen back.org . he desires him to forewarn all the Foreign Ministers from Ii tening to him. gave me th is acco unt. especially as in that Minister's letter to M. "I won't pretend to draw any other conclusion from all th s except that they seem still cramped with the unnatural connexion of Vie na which the Duc de Choiseul has still credit enough to support. as I kn w he has been to wait upon him. hat he was fully authorised to receive any proposals from England. ho ever.org for his zeal and activity." In some of this correspondence there are long passages in cipher (numerto als).
This Baron Knyphausen has been already mentioned as a friend of M. R. with an odd mixtu re wh ich it is difficult to d fine. Germain at the Hague.. vol.. and he set out accordingly on Saturday morning last with an inten ion to take shelter in some part of his Prussian Majesty's Dominions. was not auth rised. His c nd uct and language are artfu I. Mitchell.forgottenbooks. and I am eral Yorke will not have failed to inform you as well of the al he has met with from M. who gives an accoun oftheir meeting in Berlin at a much later date. Paris. 1760. p. but none ofth King's Servants saw him. "You between Gen persuaded Ge formal disavo to come into French Minist "Accordingly learnt by several of my late letters. May at Meissen (by a Prussian Messenger). "SIR. Germain know whethe the written words contain the exact meaning or not.l "Whitehall. it wa s th 0 ug ht pro pe r to seize him upon his arrival here. as his sejour here could be of no use. and might be atte nded b d isagre ea bIe co nseq uences. "Upon the wh Ie it has been thought most advisable not to suffer him to remain in En land. 3rd ed. even by that part of the French Ministry in whose name he pret nded to talk. Dieudonne Thiebault (Mes Souvenirs de vi gt ans de sejour a Berlin. who was the English Representative t the Prussian Court. d ubting whether he would be safe in Holland. the English Envoy in Prussia. 83. His examination has produced nothing very material. Mitchell. Space will not permi the whole correspondence to appear. From this it appears that M. Germain by Mons. 1813).org . so we must pass on to a letter from L rd Holdernesse to Mr. But as it was evident that he May 6th. iv. Germain was taken in c stody on arriving in England. e arrived here some days ago. At his earnest and repeated request he saw Baron Knyphausen during his confinement. de St. This letter fr m Lord Holdernesse is to Mr. de St. de Choiseul as of his resolution England in order to avoid the further resentment of the r. all that has passed ral Yorke and Count St. The Earl of H Idernesse. 17th.The Comte de St. 1 © 2010 Forgotten Books www. and Lord Holdernesse sends word to this effect to the Prussian King.
Even if e did leave at once. there is a long accou nt of his arrival in England. There is m re yet to be learned in this curious bye-way of European politics. June 3 rd. MITCHELL. "HO LDERNESSE. and could ot count on support.org "The King thought it right you should be informed of this transaction. at every turn he met opposition. it is the King's pleasure you should communicate the subs ance of this letter to his Prussian Majesty.ForgottenBooks. 1760." There is a mystery about this visit of M. Germai to England which is not solved by the letter of Lord Holdernesse. There are hints to be found in various places that he did not really leave. but we mus now pass on to the mystica I a nd ph ilosoph ica I side ofth is little understoo life. de St. ir. "I am. Difficult indeed must have been the undertaking for the Comte de St.forgottenbooks. speaking of him in favourable ter s. and the personal desires of the French Ministers blocked the way of this mis ion. Peace appears more difficult to arrange than war. with great truth and regard. "Your most obedient and humble Se ant. k thankless the work. his return must have been almost immediate. since he newspapers and magazines ofthe period com ment on his arriva I in Ma and June. All this forms a deeply interesting study.org . In the London Chron icle. but so far the actual facts of what occurred are not quite clear. Germain. "MR. 1760. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www.
Chez Mercier. 2 ONLY a mystic could write. his pupils. striving their tmost to permeate the material world with their knowledge of the unsee spiritual 1 2 Referring to occult em bryol ogy. J'ai vu I'or en puissance au fond de sa rniniere. I'emporte. il appela mon arne. Fait sa maison. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. J'ai saisi sa matiere et surpris son leva in.The Comte de St. Poemes Philosophiques sur I'Homme.org I . a few earnest students. Enfin. sont Ie pain et Ie vin.forgottenbooks. 1795. avec Ie poids de I'eloge et d u bla me. Germain MASONIC TRADITION SONNET PHllOSOPHIQUE ATTRIBUE AU FAMEUX ST. J'en doutais. treating as they do of those great mys ries that are unfolded. only to the Initiated. Paris. sous I'humide poussiere. Gli pses of knowledge rare among men. l'un plante et I'autre cep. and none but mystics can gauge. The "Veil of Isis" ever hides the earnest student of the Great Science from the vulgarl curious. indications of forces unknow to the "general". in their entirety. Je pesai l'eternel. je ne savais plus rien. rien devint quelque chose. et comment un pepin Mis contre un grain de ble. words so potent in their meaning. J'aicon nu d u gra nd tout Ie principe et la fin. J'expliquai par quel art l'arne aux flancs d'une mere. hence in approach ing the ph ilosoph ic and mystic side of th is myst rious life the difficulties of research become even more complicated by eason of that veil which hides this Initiate from the outer world. j'adorai. Dieu voulut. Je mourus. 1 Rien n'etait. Rien ga rda it I'eq uilibre et serva it de soutie n. je cherchai sur quoi I'univers pose. GERMAIN CURIEUX scrutateur de la nature entiere.
de St. selected representatives of the at Paris in 1785. Forste r. ECKERT. and the ritual us been that of the Knights Templar. 2 Les Societes Secretes et la Societe. 554. p. The Abbe sarrue!" indicted the whole body. Dutrou sset. ii. Def M. ermain and his followers of being 1 Magazin der BeweisfOhrer fOr Verurtheilu g des Freimaurer-Ordens. 1857. 121. de St. As one account hemselves on this occasion were Bade.org . .. but wit schamps. Paris.. Thaden von Wachter . p. de St. in some instances. E. RossKampf. or la Verite. Ludwig Prince of Hesse. Germain. and all the really mystic students of the ime were in this Order. Ma in. The French were honourably represented by St. du Jacobinisme. 3 Mernoires sur I'Histoire © 2010 Forgotten Books www. the evidences of his connection with that great Centre from which he came. d' He recou rt. No startling public movement springs up." 1 The same category of names. He accused M. indeed for M. Mesme r. ii.ForgottenBooks. Germain. anarchy. M. Touzet-Ducha ntea u. von Wollner. In modern Freemason literature the eff and even. 1797. indivi ually and collectively. i. E. de St. to assert Masonic movement of the last centu charlatan by leading Masons. 2 We find Deschamps speaking Templars. no hing in which he courts the public gaze as leader. It wa Jesuits brought the wildest and most dis St. Germa in. such are the signs that surround the Comte de St. an d C gliostro. Ette ila. von Dr.. ou Phil sophie de I' Histoire Contemporaine. however. Savalette de Lange (the Royal Treasurer). Germain as one of the he initiation of Cagliostro by the d on this occasion is said to have in this year also that a group of raceful accusations against M. etc. 1881. Germain. Du ke Fe dina nd of Bru nswick.org life." fou nded 1773 in the rince Karl of Hesse. Germain was one of th French Masons at their great conventio says: "The Germans who distinguished rt is made to eliminate his name. Count de Gebelin. into the Masonic the exact contrary can be shown. An account is also given of Comte de St. Careful re archives proves this to be untrue. Leipzig. although in many societie his guiding hand may be found. The charges wer "Rite des ph ilaletes ou Che rche urs de Masonic Lodge of "Les Arnis-Reunis. Russworm. and was regarded only as a earch.. the Vicom e de Tavanne. in terms so violent and on charges so unfounded hat even non-Masons and antiMystics protested. 137. Paris. St. Lava er.. Martin and many infidelity. Stork. levelled at the Philaletheans.." more detail. accusations of immorality. that he had no real part in the . Baron de Gleichen.forgottenbooks. von DaIbe rg. is given by N. de others.
Their chief aim was 'd'etablir une communication entre D eu et I'homme par Ie moyen des etres interrnediaires. ns et aux Illumines. sur la Revolution de France. and his family in their attempted these Catholic nobles were personal friends of M. a writer who was neither Mystic nor Mas honest dealing. 1809. de St. p. Berlin. hence it es Barruel and Migne of "Catholic Lodges" Another writer says: "At this time Catholic Lodges certainly does not appear atheistical in tendency. J. 1860. that authentic testimony. should be severely punished by la fails.. pp.org . and inciting the Revolution.forgottenbooks. the position to give and. ere formed in Paris. of fomenting immorality. Barruel against a Society that used to meet at Ermen nville after the death of Jean Jacques Rousseau. where the law dure adopted by M. Germain. and is uph Id by va rious writers. 1801. v. under the direction f the Charlatan St. Germ in had nothing to do with the Jacobin party as the Abbe Barruel and the bbe Migne have tried to insist. Mounier says: "There are accusati before adopting them a just man must seek the mos he who fears not to publish them. 3 M. Joachim in 1 De l'lnfluence attri buee aux Philosophes. the property of he first-named. the proof is conclusive that M. de hardly appears possible that the assertions of the Ab had any veracious foundation. Germain. Although he was the founder of the 0 der of St. Germain was a Catholi in outward religious observance. Germain Jacobins. de St. mo unhappy Louis XVI. without being i decided proofs. 420. art." 1 Th is view appea rs to be well corroborated. 3 Histoire de la Haute Magie. 2 Der Signatstern. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. Such is the proc d as worthless by J. Again. n r the close friendship of true Roya lists ala rmingly revolutiona ry. in fact. Paris.The Comte de St. since the establishin uis de Bouille were eover. it was the latter. but only a lover of ns so atrocious. their protectors were the Ma rq uises de Gi ra rd in a d de Bouille: Several Lodges were held at Ermenonville. both of St. of atheism and These charges were carefully investigated and reject Mounier. 419. Accord i g to the well-known writer Eliphas Levi. n. 19. aux Franc-mat." 2 Now both the Marquis de Girardin and the Mar staunch Royalists and Catholics. by all right-minded people. who aided the scape. TObingen. 154.
1785. a well-know man of the period. This unlucky portrait. s soon as revolutionary Some of the assemblies in which the Comte de St. It appea rs that the members were studying the conditions of life on higher planes. and scenes of bloo shed and violence swept them and their peaceful studies away. Germa in. the following is worthy of notice. was a picture of the mystic engraved on copper. if only to show how inaccurate an angry editor can be. Par qui Ie monde existe et par qui tout respire. Biester.org .org Bohemia." a This copper-plate engraving was dedicated to he Comte de Milly. an intimate friend of M. the karma of France overwhelmed them. Germain taught his ph iloso phy were held in the Rue Platrie re. de St. but alas. Biester. however. Germain was in the year 1785 chos n representative at the Masonic Conference in Paris. A fact that disturbed the enemies of the Comte de St. the editor of the Berlinische Mo atschrift. with the inscription:-"The Comte de St. S'il n'est pas Dieu lui-rnerne. followed I by the words: "Ainsi que Prornethee. Practica I ccu Itism and spiritua I mysticism were the end and aim of the Philaleth ans. there was a strong osicrucian foundation-from the true Rosicrucia n trad ition--in th is Lod e. s we have already seen. un Dieu puissant I'in pire.forgottenbooks. in June. Germain was the personal devotion of his friends. he separated himself from this society theories began to spread among its members. Herr Dr. Lou i . oth r meetings of the "ph ilaletes" were held in the Lodge "des Arnis-Re nis" in the Rue de la Sourdiere: According to some writers. cele brated Alche mist. p oduced a furious attack from Dr. and Cheva lie r de l'Ord re Roya I et Mil ita ire de St. il deroba Ie feu. In the d'Urfe collection. in the same year. and that the e friends treasured his portrait. Germain. de St. just as Theosoph ists of to-day are doing. et de I'Aigle Rouge de Braunschweig. Nevertheless. M. who died two years ago in Danish Holstein"! © 2010 Forgotten Books www. opens his remarks with the astonishing stat ment: "This adventurer. La nature sa voix obeit et se meurt. Amongst some amusing diatribes.ForgottenBooks. in 1783.
. Ger ain. as until now nothing has been ascertained concerning a left will . Germain Our editor then proceeds to clinch the argument as follows: "I even now that tho' he is dead. 0 the third of April the mayor and the council of Eckernforde gave legal otice concerning his estate. and for op of the same 2 Rthlr.. under the name of Comte de St. de St. 30 years time of decay 10 Rthlr."l Th is passage shows defin ite Iy that M. and t has been found necessary as well to his eventual intestate heirs. for a more recent writer says:-"The church register of Eckernforde for the statements of He r Dr. in all 12 Rthlr. Germain buried in Siesvig in the Friederiksberg chyard there in order to consult his ghost in late hours of the night. who during the last four years has been living in this country. Germain and Weldon--further information not known--privately dep in th is ch urch. etc . many now believe that he is still living. And indeed there was some justification Biester. for the here deceased Comte de St. but indeed in our own days critics of matters occult are j st as ignorant and equally positive as they were a century ago. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. bu ried on Ma rch 2 nd.forgottenbooks.The Comte de St. died recently here in Eckemforde. as also here. 1784 the so-ca lied Comte eSt. In the ch u rch registe r we read as follows: "Deceas don Februa ry 27th. Germain died on Feb uary 27th. Germai and Weldon. 1. In that it is said: "As the Comte de St." Ignora nce alone must excuse ou r ed itor from the cha rge of bei ng a lit ra ry Ananias. Johan Caspar Lavater's Rejse til Danmark i Sommeren 1898. shows St. his effects have been legally sealed. 1784 in th is town in whose ch urch he was entombed quite pri ately on Ma rch 2 nd. Germain a tomb in the Nicolai Church h re in the burial-place sub N. and will soon come forth alive! Whereas he is dead as a door-nail... known abroad. no matter what their lea rn ing in othe r respects.." In the ch urch accou nts it is said: "On Ma rch 1st. Copenhagen. 1793. 1 156... Ther fore all creditors are called upon to come forward with their claims on 0 ober 14th. Germa in was we II known the name of Welldown (it is written in very many different ways). probably mould and rotting as any ordinary man who cannot work miracles. BOBE (Louis)." Tradition tells that the land afterwards got St. and who no prince has eve r greeted.org I .
. 229. Iii. ii.. this was the best way to accomplish his wish. how many a cause celebre has arisen from a fi titious death. l' ." 2 And again from a thoroughly Catholic source: the late Libra ian of the Great Ambrosiana Library at Milan says:-"And whe n. Disc. 2 Freimaurer BrOderschaft in Frankreich. 402. © 2010 Forgotten Books I www. 9. Latomia. 1. 1867." 3 Evidence there is on both sides. Ma rti n. 1785 we find St. with St. Vol. Elector of Hesse-Cassel. th Illuminati. Vol. Germain:-"He is believed to have deceased in 1784. and "Church records" are not always infallible.org .org But--as to the death--we have much evidence that he did d'Adhernar says speaking of M. the Necromantists. iii. Mesme rand Saint-Germa in. told me of his having spok de Saint-Germain in the place Saint Marc the day before go on an embassy to Portuga I. in orde r to bring about a concil iation between he va rious sects of the Rosicrucians. p. at Schleswig.. 0 his Ve netia n em bassy in 1788.Gli Eretici d'italia. however. Turin. ADHEMAR. the Cabalists. the Humanitarians. others. 3 CANTU CESARE. then in the Lodge of the "Amici ri uniti" there a Iso was Cagliostro. the Count de Chalons. op. Germain wished to disappear from public life. If the Comte de St. . I saw him aga in on 0 ne othe And again from a Masonic source we get the following ot die: Madame when with the returning from n to the Co mte e left Venice to occasion. ut. de St.orgottenBooks.. p. x. there was held a great Congress at Wilh Imsbad." 1 stat ment:-at Wilhelmsbad artin and ma ny "Amongst the Freemasons invited to the great conference 15th Feb.forgottenbooks.. Germa in included with St.
Germain MASONIC WORK AND AUSTRIAN TRAD TIONS P ASSING now from France to AUstria. though curiously written. let us see what Graffer says in his interesting. art. then. still a very young man. "Mesmer. the twe n ieth centu ry. na mely.' said he." '"I know it.The Comte de St. He is the celebrated astronome r He II. "He had really come to Vienna to see one person only. GERMAIN AND MESMER "An unknown ma n had come on a short visit to Vie nna. 'whose anonymous letter I received yest rday from the Hague?' '"I am he. "Mesmer was struck by the appearance of the stranger. at this hour.' '" My fu nda menta I ideas. "But his sojourn there extended itself. a few extracts out of many: ST. National Encvdopadie. who in a fatherly way has guided my ideas in th is cha nnel. To this highly resp cted scholar are due thanks for having given the impulse to take up magnetism cientifically and practically. 0 give. 'y u must be the man.forgottenbooks. however. are sti II chaotic.' 'lilt was the man who has just left me. on my id as concerning magnetism?' '"I wish to do so. "H is affa irs had reference to a fa r-off time.' '"You wish to speak with me to-day. who can ive me light?' Maximilian Hell (Imperial Court Astronomer). sketches." 1 © 2010 Forgotten Books www. "This person was Mesmer.org . SeeOesterr.
Vienna as the great centre for the Rosicrucians and other allied Societies. P. Theos. Ge rma in was in Vien na! ..ForgottenBooks. p. Gloss. is verified by research among the records of the Lodge eetings already mentioned. Wien.' uld make me happy.. such as the "Asiatische Brlide r. Germain. 1892.forgottenbooks. "The co ference lasted three hours .. was in Vienna. VATSKY.. "They a ra nged a fu rthe r meeting in Paris. Among them we find a group of St. the most ical of all incomprehensibles.. sir. Ger-main's followers.' '''I have "The str nge r motioned Mesme r to lock the door." etc. Then they pa rted.. An electric shock hrough all who knew his name." 1 That St. 2 and that they again met and worked ogether in Paris. 81. "The ke nel of their conversation centred round the theory of obtaining the of magnetism in a series of elemen s of the elixir of life by the employment permut tions. Our Adept circle was thrilled and th rough: St. 1846. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. B iener Memoiren. Franz Graffer aga in:-"One d enigma passed th rough y the report was spread that the Comte de St. London. 214.org . behind the Hos ita I. This meeting in Vienna must have taken pi ce before Mesmer began his work in Paris judging by the context. 1 2 Kleine H. The forme r were t e largest body who really occupied themselves deeply with alchemi al researches and had their laboratory in the Landstrasse.org so.. i." the "Ritter des Lichts. Germain and Mesmer were connected in the mystical work of the last cen ury we know from other sources.
A man who is still a child called Buonaparte will be to blame. 1805. It is almost dinner time. gentlemen. soul. whe n he was aIready gone. In measured tones. And now. The description of the clerk was as a shadow against a was as if a bright splendour enveloped his whole form. th Among t the genia St. there he is informed by the clerk: 'An hour go a gentleman has been here whose appearance has astonished us all. but it is not needed. Dignity eignty declared themselves. sir. as it were to himself. "He hurri s back to his house of business. "In five inutes Fedalhofe is reached. an obscu re presentiment.forgottenbooks. They stand dumb at the threshold. his build was strikingly ate. Germain. He sai presence. petrified. calmly reading a folio. can I be of e to you? Speak. You have another lette r m Bruhl. Leibnitz's room is empty. Germain "Barely h d Graffer [his brother news. he Iy 8th. charming the innermost ays in French to Graffer: 'You have a letter of introduction from Seingalt. Nobody knows w en 'the American gentleman' will return home. But the painter is not to be saved. he finds him at the 'Ente. the mysterious lowly closes the book. not troubling about anyone's the words: "I live in Fedalhofe." hou r we s gentleman was neither tall nor short. and slowly rises. at work of intruder perplexe man of reality.' They d rive to the Landstrasse. as you see. I you wou Id both be he re at th is moment. adventurer whom he got to know in Amsterdam. the room in which Leibnitz lodged We we re abo ut to spea k. everything about him had the stamp of nobility . As to luggage. Germ Rudolph] recovered from the surprising n he flies to Hiniberg. wh ithe r certa in someth ing.' . his lung is gone. both. in French. Th proportio . The men were speechless.The Comte e St. he Herr von knew tha for me fr will die J indirectly any servi © 2010 Forgotten Books www. in 1713. The Count ard to meet them. This gentleman is Baron Linden. they enter. But who would think of dining! Graffer is mechanically urged to go and find Baron Li den. where he has his papers. nothing i to be seen but a small iron chest. ese is to be found a letter of recommendation from Casanova. It and sove steps for formality. impe Is them to drive pos haste.org . which is a aracelsus. Th is last ave been. Well know the two men that this apparition can be no other in the world than the onders. I know of your doings.' But speech was not possible. his country seat. a simultaneous cry of astonishment escapes table is seated St. . addressed to in. ratory is unlocked. without but in an indescribably ringing tenor.
choose one 0 which. it s ems as if there were only one writing to be seen. autographs. She was so well pleased with the sick man's paintings of the engage ent at Modling. He writes with both. places them quite close to each othe .' said he.' "Meanwhile Linden returns nd places two bottles on the table. to overwhelmed to respond more than with the words: 'I unde rsta nd you: I have a presentime nt. too confectionery placed it before him and went nto the cellar. it is a e. of difference. The witnesses were struck dumb. In a qua er of an hour he is going out with Prince Lichte nste in. both handw of!' alf a page. 'is there any soul on this earth w 0 has ever seen me eat or drink?' He points to the bottles and remarks: 'T is Tokay is not direct from Hungary.' Graffer and Linden wer astounded. sir. the content is the sa 'stroke for stroke. "The Count signs to Graffer t from a cupboard in the wall. St. ' © 2010 Forgotten Books www. so exactly is one the fa simile of the other. no trace and says: '[You collect matter of indifference exclaim both friends. it is magic.ForgottenBooks. If Linden comes I wil send him away again. to whom I was able to render service in Africa. they appear as if they were impressions from the sa e copper-plate. places b th sheets on one another. I will serve you alone. the wine had been bought from Casanova. "The Count then said: 'One 0 these sheets I wish delivered to Angelo as quickly as possible.forgottenbooks. seats himself and says: 'I knew your friend Linden would retir .org . that she sent a cask of the same.' itings agree. and seizes a pen with either hand simultaneously.. It comes from my friend Katherine of ussia. signs alike. these sheets. 'I ask you..' Graffer recovered himself. holds them up against the window-pane. sit down.' 'No. Ge rma in smiles the reat with ani ndescriba ble d ign ity.org "Linden laid a small table. I know you through Angelo Soli an. "The Count asked for writi g materials. he was compelled. Linden brought them. Linden offers him refresh ment. however.. The 'Wu nderma nn' cuts from a sh et of pa pe r two q uarte rs ofthe sheet. the bea rer will re eive a little box . unheard "The writer smiles. The Co unt's smil increases to a laugh. he was.
I see it all. © 2010 Forgotten Books www. I love you. "Further. I will rest. Germain is no more there . Germa n then gradually passed Into a solemn mood. It is the gradual cessation of time itself. accompani d by a peal of thunder. It is to be regretted that Grafter's florid account opens the door to slight suspicion of charlatanry in the mind of the modern student of occultism. left the room in a condition of complete stupefaction. "my story ends. then the s mmer. The seasons will gradually change--first the spring. however. the Count repeated the sign with is hand.. 5 he rewith do I ta ke my leave. They open the door.. ii. as the announceme t ofthe end ofthe cycle. He made a movement with his hand as if in signal of re.forgottenbooks. 136-162. 1843. although he might have testified as strongly to precisely the same facts. A mo e experienced student would probably have described the interview far otherwis . Germain "St. After these solemnly uttered words. however. I is probably. his way of looking at the matter which is at fault. I must rest. St. which were always expressive beyond ame dull and colourless. pp. Presently. cit. I am much needed in Constantin pie. one needs to have studied in the Pyramids as I have s udied. In the same moment there fell a sudden heavy shower. Once ou see me. "He re. These will be needed in Germany. Towards the end of this century I shall disappear out of Europe. his whole being nimated." co tin ues Graffer." 1 The cu riou cha racter of Franz Graffe r's sketches is stri king. Farewell.. believe me. his eyes. I make this remark.The Comte d St. there to prepare two inventions which you will h ve in the next century--trains and steamboats. be became re his depart again will rigid as a statue. Instinctively they return to the laboratory or shelter. From othe r sources it an be learned that both of these Graffers were personal friends lOp. For a few seconds he became words. overpowered by the force of such unprecede ted impressions. then said: 'I am leaving (ich scheide): do not visit me. It is from me mory th roughout. astrologers and meteorologists know othing. The two adepts. then in England. just to-day. that these events have not been hitherto reported. an betake myself to the region ofthe Himalayas. To-morrow night I am off. June 15th. Exactl in eighty-five years will people again set eyes on me.org . A peculiar irr sistible feeling has compelled me to set down these transactions in w iting once more. after so long a ti me.
And though no date is given of the interview here recorded. guiding and teach ing. and this important passage links him again with the Pythagorean School. 89. de St.ForgottenBooks. Such passages are of deep interest to the student. 616. This mystic body originally sprang up in the central European States. Constantly. 212. in the Masonic and Mystic literature of the last century the evidences are found of his intimacy with the prominent Rosicrucians in Hungary and Austria. whose tenets were purely Eastern. © 2010 Forgotten Books www.forgottenbooks. where it is said: "St. in Vienna.org of St. and are quoted by Madame Blavatsky. the Jesuits were all-powerful and crushed out any body of people who showed signs of occult knowledge. On the surface it would appear that better results might have been attained had all these small bodies been welded into one large Society. 2 The Secret Doctrine. She emphasises also the entirely Eastern tone of the views held by M. spread the Sacred Science and Knowledge with which some of its Heads were entrusted--the same message from the one Great Lodge which guides the spiritual evolution of the human race. Germain. The fact that M. Turning again to The Secret Doctrine. the reason is evident. Germain went from one society to another.. Germain possessed this rare work shows the position held by him. In Austria. 617. 3 ii. both were also Rosicrucians. Germain. M. de St. for they prove the unity which underlies all the outward diversity of the many societies working under different names. Bj6rnstahl writes in his book oftravels:-- lOp. Germany was at war.. or '89. it has. de St." 1 That the Comte de St. ii. any large masses of students would certainly have been suspected of political designs. p. 3rd ed. Italy and France. as given by our mystic.org I ... yet with so much in common. But in studying the history of the eighteenth century. of his consta nt con nection with the Mason ic ci rcles we have other proofs. iii. are clearly found. or '90. The various small organizations were safer. pp. Germain was also a Rosicrucian there is no doubt. at various times and through different organisations. England also at war. where we had the never-to-be-forgotten honou r of meeting him. Traces of this teaching. cit. who mentions a "Cypher Rosicrucian Manuscript" 2 as being in his possession. and it is evident that M. p. Germain was in the year '88. we can deduce it approximately from another article in the same volume.3 we find his teaching on "Numbers" and their values.
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