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Best Practices in Layer 1 Network

Management Architecture

Steve Pelosi
VP, Network Operations Planning
Fujitsu Network Communications, Inc.
steve.pelosi@us.fujitsu.com

Fujitsu Proprietary and Confidential All Rights Reserved, ©2006 Fujitsu Network Communications
Outline

„ Management System Architectures


„ Best Practices
„ Surveillance
„ Provisioning
„ North Bound Interfaces
„ Network Partitioning
„ Summary

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Two Basic Management System
Architectures
OSS

Uplink
OSS
EMS

DCN
DCN

To NEs
To NEs

„ Alternative “A” „ Alternative “B”


„ Direct logical connection between „ OSS maintains a single
OSS and each NEs connection with the EMS
„ OSS responsible for maintaining „ EMS responsible for maintaining
synchronization with the NE communications sessions and
„ Requires OSS to have detailed synchronization with the NEs
knowledge or NEs and network „ EMS can “hide” (or not) NE
topology details from OSS

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Basic Best Practices w.r.t. Surveillance

„ Network elements implement alarm hierarchy


„ Based on containment relationship of transport objects
• Requires that EMS/OSS model this containment relationship
„ Two basic architectures for surveillance
A. OSS direct to NEs
B. OSS to EMS to NEs
„ Alternative “A” is sometimes viewed as more highly available
„ Eliminate EMS as point of failure (or deploy EMS with High Availability)
„ Alternative “B” can provide greater scalability and flexibility
„ EMS can filter alarms based on pre-defined criteria
„ Escalate or demote alarm severity
„ Translate alarm syntax into a common format
„ Partitioned network views for distributed management and
enhanced network security and control
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Basic Best Practices w.r.t. Provisioning

„ Advantages of Alternative “B” architecture


„ Shields OSS from “nuance” complexities of NEs
• Presents consistent interface to OSS across multiple NEs and vendors
„ Reduced complexity of OSS development
• Allows OSS to concentrate on business applications rather than NE
nuances
„ Improved time-to-market for new services and network capabilities
• Through less-complex OSS development, and “shielding” of data by OSS
• Forward compatible NE deployments with GUI cut-through to EMS
„ Increases scalability
• EMS handles more “mundane” processing so OSS does not have to
„ Increased reliability through persistence of data
• If OSS becomes unavailable, EMS can “guarantee” delivery of notifications

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EMS NorthBound Interfaces (NBIs)

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Background on NBIs OSS

„ TMF-814 Compliant CORBA NBI


„ Full FCAPS functionality Common Interface

„ TM Forum MTOSI NBI


„ Full FCAPS functionality Vendor ”X” Vendor ”Y”
EMS EMS
„ TL-1 NBI
„ Bidirectional interface – can send and receiveTL1 commands
„ Use GUI to set up filters to control information flow

„ SNMP NBI
„ Converts TL-1 alarm info to convert to SNMP
„ Micromuse® Netcool ® Ready™ Partner (Netcool®/OMNIbus™
certified)
„ File Transfer Protocol NBI
„ PM data exported via FTP server as needed
„ File format similar to MTNM

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Network Partitioning (1/2)

„ Create custom network views by subdividing a network into


smaller domains
„ Assign user privileges to network domains
„ Create a logical partition for a customer
„ Visibility of the network limited to a particular customer
„ Combine network partition and user roles to limit or constraint
visibility, e.g.,
„ Provide alarms only views for a specific set of NEs
„ Create managed private networks with limited provision support or full
monitoring and provisioning control
„ Benefits
„ Create multiple secure administrative domains off a single server

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Network Partitioning (2/2)
Assign customers or regions a domain

IP DCN

Operations HDQ

DOMAIN B

DOMAIN A

Assign user privileges to domains.


Provide alarms only view for a
specific set of NEs or full
provisioning role, while maintaining
full control & view of your network.

Network Admin
BACKUP OR
View Only HA SERVER

Alarms
DOMAIN C
DOMAIN D
Provisioning

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Summary

„ The management system architecture should be carefully


considered when implementing surveillance and provisioning
OSS support
„ A layered management system architecture can provide
benefits such as simplify OSS development, and improved
scalability and time to market
„ The ability to partition the network view can provide greater
flexibility and security when multiple work groups (and
possibly customers) accessing network resources

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Practices in Layer 1 Network Support

Mike Wietecha
Director, Technical Services
Fujitsu Network Communications, Inc.
mike.wietecha@us.fujitsu.com

Fujitsu Proprietary and Confidential All Rights Reserved, ©2006 Fujitsu Network Communications
Outline

„ Fujitsu Operations
„ Layer 1 Deployment “A” or “B”
„ User Remote Access
„ Network Connectivity
„ OEM NMS Deployment
„ EMS Management
„ Circuit Resource Management

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Fujitsu Network Operations Center
Around the Clock Operations
„ 7x24x365
„ Layered Security Access
„ Full vendor neutral capabilities
„ TAC, NOC & NMS all combine
„ Technical Capabilities
„ Layer 1 – SONET, DWDM
„ Layer 2/3 – Routers and Switches
„ Server and IP Management
„ Help Desk
„ Facility and Network Full Redundancy
„ Primary and Secondary locations, EMS, servers & connectivity

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Layer 1 Deployment “A”
„ Alternative “A”
„ Direct logical connection between OSS and each NEs
„ OSS responsible for maintaining synchronization with the NE
„ Requires OSS to have detailed knowledge or NEs and network topology

„ Advantages
„ When limited Layer 1 devices deployed OSS
„ Low to no ROI on OEM EMS
„ High level alarm filtering
DCN

„ Disadvantages
„ Require higher skills for OEM support To NEs
„ Must Telnet for operation
„ Must know command structure
„ No GUI

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Layer 1 Deployment “B”

„ Alternative “B”
„ OSS maintains a single connection with the EMS
„ EMS responsible for maintaining communications sessions and
synchronization with the NEs
„ EMS can “hide” (or not) NE details from OSS

„ Advantages OSS
„ OEM GUI for easy navigation Uplink
„ Not necessary to understand command set
EMS

„ Disadvantages
„ “Swivel-Chair” operations DCN

„ Cost for operations and maintenance


„ Knowledge for application and server support To NEs

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User Remote Access

„ Requirement for other users or universities to access network


for full OAM&P support
„ Any remote university or user can access network devices via a secure
Internet connection
„ Secure, low-cost solution
„ User expandable at no additional cost
„ Web view of any application when access is granted
„ Users can be limited to specific access granted by System
Administrators
„ Full operations of applications depending on level of access
„ Users do not connect direct to EMS or NMS applications for security

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Remote Access Network

Indiana U niversity Internet/ ISP


NOC

`
U of M aryland
NOC
N O C U ser
R ed Zone D M Z

M anagem ent
U of M aryland DCN NOC DMZ
N etw ork

Citrix Server
N O C N etw ork
M anaged
N etw ork

EMS

EMS

EMS
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Network Connectivity

„ Access to remote network for management connection


„ Two typical connections used
„ Dedicated circuit
• Typically a Frame Relay, from 56K to T1
„ Internet solution using ISP
• Secure with virtual IP tagging back at management center
• Dedicated, secure connection across Internet
• Low cost gateway device located anywhere within the LAN, WAN
• Customer or division provided specific level of access
• Full provisioning capabilities used in provisioning centers
• Read only capabilities used for surveillance and alerts only
• Capable to connect to any device with SNMP connections and access to
the LAN, WAN

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Internet Solution Option

Internet

ET H 0 E T H1 E TH 2
C o ns ol e
VSIgateway

VSIgate

CENIC NOC
ETH0 E T H1 ET H 2
C o ns ol e
VSIgateway

Red Zone DMZ VSIgate

University
Of
VSIgateway
Co nso l e
ET H 0 ETH1 E TH 2

Maryland
VSIgate

Indiana
University
NOC DMZ GNOC

ETH0 E TH 1 ET H 2 E T H0 ET H 1 ETH2
Co n so le C on so le
VSIgatew ay VSIgateway

Citrix Server VSI Admin VSI Manager

NOC
Network

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OEM EMS Deployment “B”

„ Use of OEM EMS application for provisioning, configuration


changes, performance monitoring and preventive maintenance
„ Advantages
• Ease of use – OEM typically provides training
• GUI navigation for quick and easy operation
• TL1 command structure knowledge not required for all operations
• Log files for alarm captures and performance management data
• Typically provide Northbound interface to MOM/NMS applications
• Topology Discovery tools to find unknown or lost network devices deployed
• Graphical topology and equipment representations
„ Disadvantages
• Additional costs for EMS application
• Training requirements for both user and administrator
• Alarm and condition reports limited to network device and EMS limitations

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EMS Consideration
„ North Bound Interface plus
„ Network Topology View
• Display Nodes & Links for full topology view
• Generic Nodes Support
„ Wavelength Management
• GUI representation tracks Wave connections
„ Circuit Inventory
• Bandwidth utilization & connection points
„ Performance Management
• Optical power, Laser Temps., & PM data
„ Trouble Isolation
• Link vs. node vs. module failure
„ Fault Management
• Graphical fault indicators & link alarms
• Track faults & generate report logs
„ Software upgrade & RMB
• Update SW release
• Node configuration for quick restoration

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Circuit Resource Management (CrM)

„ Layer 1 devices (1G,10G) have multiple electronic connections


„ Management of circuits can become disorganized
„ Manual input information may be incorrect
„ GUI representation ideal for understanding
„ Database Applications
„ Single source record for all circuit information
„ Reduces the time organizations spend managing order and service
details for move, add, change (MAC)
„ Up-to-date reports on the inventory
„ Data readily available to support audits and management reports for
regulatory and business planning purposes
„ Automate and streamline the Service Order process
„ Single collection of contract terms, date commitments and SLAs

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Summary

„ Deployment of two management solutions


„ With EMS or direct NMS application
„ User Remote Access for direct connections into the network by
user or backup NOC
„ Network connections for management by traditional dedicated
circuit or Internet solution
„ OAM&P via EMS but must still link to NMS
„ Circuit Management for large scale network configurations

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Tool References

„ User Remote Access


„ Citrix
• http://www.citrix.com/lang/English/ps2/index.asp
„ Network Connections
„ ComBrio
• http://www.combrio.com/
„ Telsource
• http://www.telsource.com/prodTlsPremgate.aspx
„ Circuit Management
„ Provergent by Digital Fairway
• http://www.digitalfairway.com/content/?page=circuit_manager

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