READING STRATEGIES: SQ3R SQ3R is designed to help read faster and retain more.

SQ3R stands for ³Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review.´ SQ3R helps make reading and studying purposeful and effective, so that you use your time most efficiently. .SQ3R will help you build a framework to understand your reading assignment. The steps in SQ3R are; S=Survey Before reading, survey the material. Glance through the topic headings and try to get an overview of the reading. Skim the sections and read the final summary paragraph to get an idea of where the chapter is going. Spend a few minutes surveying the reading to get background knowledge, an initial orientation that will help the reader to organize the material as he or she read it. It eases the reader into the reading assignment. Let¶s say the assignment is to read one chapter. First, get an idea of what the chapter is about by reviewing the highlights. In doing so, reader may need to Read the title, headings and subheadings. It is important to take notice on words that are italicized or bold. If the reading material comes with diagrams, don¶t forget to look at charts, graphs, pictures, maps and other visual material and read the captions. It is also advised to read the very beginning and end of the chapter. Q =question Q stands for question. As you survey the text, ask a question for each section. Look at the first heading in the chapter. Turn it into a question. Ask questions to be answered in your reading. Ask what, why, how, when, who and where questions as they relate to the content. This step requires conscious effort, but is worth it as it leads to active reading, the best way to retain written material. Asking questions focuses your concentration on what you need to learn or get out of your reading.

It is important to review everything in the section. and etcetera. rewrite the questions at the end of the chapter or after each subheading in your own words. Read one section of the chapter at a time. You may look for the answer for the questions at the beginning or end of chapters. Be sure to provide examples that support it. Read reflectively. Then. Pay attention to bold and italicized text that authors use to make important points. Upon reaching a difficult passage. graphs. headings or subheadings into questions. try to reduce your speed. Questions help you pay attention. reread it. Read only a section at a time and recite after each section. You can ask question like. or summarize. graphs and illustrations ² these features can communicate an idea more powerfully than written text. When you begin to read. You can recite by orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read. It is better to take your time to stop and reread the unclear passage. including tables. understand the text better and recall the information more easily later on. look for all the answers to the question you posed earlier. Consider what the author is trying to say. look away and try to recite the answer to your question. in your own words. This variation is called SQW3R. You can also take notes from the text . R= read The next step is to read.Reader can begin their questioning by turning the title. If you finish the section and haven't answered the question. what you read. and think about how you can use that information. Make sure you reread all the captions under pictures. Then write down your answer. "What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?" or "What do I already know about this subject?" It is strongly proposed for you to write down your questions. actively looking for an answer to your question for that section. using your own words and examples. Once you've read an initial section. R= recite The next R is to recite.

the more senses you use the more likely you are to remember what you read. Once you have the answers to your questions. it means that you understand the material. R= review The last R is to review. On day one. If you can't. a brief summary of the assignment. experience. First ask a question for the next section. recite the answer in your own words and jot it down. Finally. you'll find you've created an invaluable study guide. test your memory by asking yourself the questions that you've identified. If you took notes while reciting. When it's time to prepare for your tests. Read and Recite steps for each section of the chapter. Now repeat the Question. After reading the entire assignment. Recite. or write. Consider how it fits with what you know from the course. What is the material's significance? What are the implications or applications of this material? What questions are you left with? Review your study notes every week to help you remember the information. Let¶s make it a week process. The written questions and answers can help you study in the future. Review your notes for an overview the chapter. thus you need to use the method of recitation which best suits your particular learning style but remember. If you can do this. Review is an ongoing process. page through the text and (or) your notebook to re-acquaint yourself with the important points. Most people tend to underline or highlight important points you've just read. Identify the main points by looking for the most important idea in each section. write them down.but write the information in your own words. Orally recite or write the answers from memory. write questions for the notes you have taken in the left hand margins of your notebook. Different people have different ways of learning. you can alternate between . Then read to find the answer. From day three until day five. You can also make flash cards for those questions which give you difficulty and create mnemonic devices for material which need to be memorized. and other classes. you need to write questions in the margins for those points you have highlighted or underlined. On the second day. glance over the section again. Cover the right hand column of your text/note-book and orally ask yourself the questions in the left hand margins.

During the weekend. From the Table of Contents. using the text and notebook.your flash cards and notes and test yourself (orally or in writing) on the questions you formulated and make additional flash cards if necessary. make a Study Sheet/ Spatial Map.list all the topics and sub-topics you need to know from the chapter. Recite the information orally and in your own words as you put the Study Sheet/Map together. . make a Table of Contents .

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