Perm Theory | Policy | Epistemology

11/16/2010

Permutation (policy debate) - Wikipedia,…

Permutation (policy debate)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In policy debate, a permutation is an argument made by the 2AC to test the competition of a counterplan or kritik testing the comparative desirability of the plan and all or part of the counterplan or kritik against the counterplan or kritik by itself. Most permutations are tests rather than advocacies and thus do not change the fiat of the affirmative plan in the world where the negative does not advocate the counterplan or the kritik. The easiest way to describe the function of a permutation perm is in the context of counterplan theory. A counterplan functions to test the opportunity cost of a plan. The negative proposes a counterplan that is competitive with the affirmative's plan. For example, if the Aff plan is to grant amnesty to all illegal immigrants within the US, a counterplan could be to declare all illegal immigrants felons. The neg would argue that their counterplan, made impossible by the aff's plan, will garner more benefits than plan. A perm is a way to test whether or not the counterplan and plan are mutually exclusive. An example of a perm would be this: Aff plan is to send a mission to the moon. Counterplan is to invest in renewable energy. The Aff can run a perm, i.e., claim that sending a mission to the moon does not make it impossible to invest in renewable energy. The perm demonstrates that the counterplan is not an opportunity cost to plan, and therefore does not garner any benefits for neg. The same is basically true for perms in Kritiks. A kritik "is generally a type of argument that challenges a certain mindset, assumption, or discursive element that exists within the advocacy of the opposing team" (Kritik). A simple example of Kritik is that capitalism is bad (to put it simply). The team running the K will argue that the nature of capitalism is bad, and has horrible implications for society. Part of the K is an alternative. If you kritik capitalism, a simple alternative might be to endorse Marxism, or "reject, and rethink" (meaning, vote the other team down, and have a good long think about how to replace capitalism). A permutation, again, is a way of showing a lack of competition between the opposing sides of the debate. The side having the K run on them could, in our example, say "we need to do our plan, but capitalism is also bad. Vote for our plan, but while you're at it, rethink capitalism."

Contents
1 Running a Perm 1.1 Answer Competitiveness Standards 2 Answering a Perm 3 Type of Perms 4 Negative Perms 5 References

Running a Perm
Answer Competitiveness Standards
The neg will most likely give a few reasons why they think their counterplan is mutually exclusive to plan. Examples
…wikipedia.org/…/Permutation_(policy_… 1/3

and some or all of the counterplan Intrinsic .11/16/2010 Permutation (policy debate) . Essentially. or even negative performance. Type of Perms Normal . and that when they are the affirmative remains untopical. the negative attempts to argue they can subsume some or all of the performance and win the round on other grounds.Do the plan. (1999). References Cheshire. Part of a broader theory known as "competing interpretations" that seeks to apply certain aspects of counterplan debate to topicality. the negative has begun to make permutation arguments in response to certain affirmative arguments.Used when the affirmative makes some use of performance in their 1AC. Usually run as part of a strategy containing a counter-advocacy to the affirmative. This tactic only works if the negative can win that the judge should prefer the most limiting interpretation of the resolution ( otherwise the affirmative definition by itself would be "net beneficial" to the perm by allowing more cases).) 3. Philosophically Competitive (the philosophical underpinnings of the two advocacies are in opposition) 4. claiming that doing both the plan and the counter-plan would result in a negative result. Counterplan Permutations: The Basics …wikipedia. these categories aren't mutually exclusive. Topicality Perms . a perm could do some of the plan (severance). neg could argue that the US spending the combined amount of money it would cost to do both will incur huge negative impacts. Textually Competitive (the text of plan and counterplan do not work together) To run a perm. they argue that the judge can endorse the performance and still vote negative. the negative argues that their interpretation and the affirmatives counter-interpretation can both be true. kritik. Theoretically.… of these standards include: 1.Mutual Exclusivity (it is actually impossible to do both) 2. The negative team might also run a disadvantage on the perm. in the form of a counterplan.Do the plan. Hence. the perm is bad. Negative Perms Recently. the affirmative team has to defeat the competitiveness standards first. the negative must defend their competitiveness standards. and do the counterplan later (or vice-versa) Of course.Do part of the plan and part or all of the counterplan Time Frame .When debating a counter interpretation in a Topicality debate. to show that the perm is even possible (see basic information at the top of the page). These include. and something else Severance . part or all of the counterplan.Do the plan. something else (intrinsicness).org/…/Permutation_(policy_… 2/3 . David. and the counterplan later (time frame). and neg will also argue that counterplan is more important. Performance Perms . Net Beneficial (using the moon mission and energy example.Wikipedia. Answering a Perm To answer a perm.

edu/NFL/rostrumlib/CheshierApr%2700. …wikipedia.com/counterplan+PICS+and+agents) Lecture on Counterplan PICS and Agents Retrieved from "http://en..org/wiki/Permutation_(policy_debate)" Categories: Policy debate This page was last modified on 19 July 2010 at 20:28.Wikipedia.wikispaces. [3] (http://ddw. Rostrum.org/…/Permutation_(policy_… 3/3 .wikispaces.com/negative+strategy) Lecture on Negative Strategy Dartmouth Debate Workshop (2008).wikispaces. Retrieved December 30.wikipedia. See Terms of Use for details.… (http://debate. Dartmouth Debate Workshop (2008). [2] (http://ddw. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.com/counterplan+competition) Lecture on Counterplan Competition Dartmouth Debate Workshop (2008).uvm. Inc. a non-profit organization. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.pdf) . 2005.11/16/2010 Permutation (policy debate) . additional terms may apply. [1] (http://ddw.

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