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INSITITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,KLAWAD

PROJECT WORK

25W AUDIO POWER AMPLIFIER

INTRODUCTION

This audio power amplifier project is based on LM1875 amplifier module from National
Semiconductor. It is able to deliver up to 30W of power using an 8 ohm load and dual 30V
DC power supplies. It is designed to operate with minimum external components with current
limit and thermal shutdown protection features . Other features include high gain, fast slew
rate, wide power supply range, large output voltage swing and high current capability.

AUDIO AMPLIFER FEATURES:

 Low distortion: 0.015%, 1 kHz, 20 W


 Wide power bandwidth: 70 kHz
 Wide supply range 16V-60V
 Up to 30 watts output power
 Internal output protection diodes
 Protection for AC and DC short circuits to ground
 94 dB ripple rejection
 Plastic power package TO-220

25V POWER SUPPLY


The schematic below shows how the +25V DC and -25V DC are obtained. In order to
provide power supply for 2 stereo amplifiers, a power transformer rating of 80VA with
240V/36V centre tapped secondary winding is used. The secondary output of the transformer
is rectified by using four 1N5401 diodes together with 4 electrolytic capacitors to smoothen
the ripple voltage. A fuse and a varistor are connected at the primary input to protect the
circuit against power surge.

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INSITITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,KLAWAD

fig-(i)

AUDIO AMPLIFIER MODULE

The +25V and -25V DC power supply are connected to the audio amplifier module through a
2A fuse with the peripheral devices shown in the schematic below. The audio input signal to
be amplified is coupled to pin 1 of LM1875 through the resistor R1 and electrolytic capacitor
E5.

The output signal at pin 4 of LM1875 can be used to directly drive a 8 ohm loudspeaker.
Resistor R6 and capacitor C5 prevent the capacitance developed at the long speaker leads
from driving the amplifier into Very High Frequency Oscillation.

A heatsink with a thermal resistance rating of 1.4 Celcius/Watt or better must be used or else
the amplifer module will be cut-off from operation due to the heat that will build up during
the operation of the amplifier. Take note that the heat sink tab on the IC module is internally
connected to the -25V power supply hence it must be isolated from the heat sink by the use of
an insulating washer. If this is not done, the negative rail will be shorted to ground.

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INSITITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,KLAWAD

fig-(ii)

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INSITITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,KLAWAD

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INSITITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,KLAWAD