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Steps for Drive Test -1

Physical Verification
Physical Verification is carried out by verifying physical parameter of
the New Site with the TSSR (Technical Site Survey Report) such as
Address, Lat, Long, Building Height, Antenna Height, Antenna Type,
Orientation, Tilt.
Alarm Verification
Alarms are generated mainly due to number of reasons, and these needs
to checked before Drive is being carried out for the Site. Alarms are
checked from the NOC (Network Operating Centre) and if found needs
to be verified before drive being carried out.
Frequency Plan Verification
Frequency Plan can be verified from the NOC (Network Operating
Centre) for BCCH and TCH frequencies being implemented as per the
Site Integration Sheet sent to NOC (Network Operating Centre).
Hardware Configuration Verification
Hardware verification is performed to know the Site type, BTS Type,
TRX Configuration, VSWR checking , Power measurement for each
TRX.

Steps for Drive Test -2

Following is the procedure and parameters that need to


checked while performing Drive Test for a New Site.
• CPC (Cell Parameter Check)
• MOC (Mobile Originated Calls)
• MTC (Mobile Terminated Calls – Prepaid to Postpaid)
• SMS (Short Messaging Service)
• GPRS
• Intra Site Handover
• Inter Site Handover
• TRX Test
• Idle Drive (Normal Drive & Frequency Lock Drive)
• Dedicated Drive

Steps for Drive Test -3

Steps for DT-3

CPC (Cell Parameter Check)


Given are the parameters that need to be checked while performing
CPC.
CGI (Cell Global Identity) consists if MCC+NCC+LAC+CI
BCCH Frequency
BSIC
GSM Band

nDefinitions:
1.Time: It is system time of computer.
2.Cell name: It displays the name of the sector which is serving according to the
cellfile that is loaded in TEMS.
3.CGI : It stands for the Cell Global Identity which is unique for every sector of
the site. It consists of MCC,MNC,LAC,CI.
MCC: Mobile Country Code 0 – 999 MNC: Mobile Network Code 0 – 99 LAC :
Location Area Code 0 -65535 CI: Cell Identity 0 – 65535

•Cell GPRS Support: Tells sector is having GPRS or not. Values are Yes or No .
•Band : It tells in which Freq. Band mobile is operating e.g. GSM 900/ 1800.
•BCCH ARFCN: It tells by which BCCH is the mobile station getting served.
•TCH ARFCN: On which Traffic Freq. call is going on.
•BSIC (Base Station Identity Code) : It is combination of Network Color Code
(NCC) (0 – 7) & Base Station Color Code (BCC) (0 – 7). e.g. 62. It is decoded by
mobile on every Sync. Channel Message.
•Mode: It is shows in which state is mobile operating, Idle, Dedicated & Packet.
•Time slot: On which time slot of current TCH call is going on. Viz. time slot no.
of TRX.
•Channel Type: Type of channel mobile is getting now. Like BCCH /
SDCCH/8 + SACCH/C8 or CBCH / TCH/F +FACCH/F +SACCH/F.
•Channel Mode : Shows mode of coding like Speech Full Rate of Half
Rate.
•Speech Codec: It shows FR for Full Rate, HR for Half Rate & EFR for
Enhanced Full Rate.
•Ciphering Algorithm : It shows ciphering algorithm used by the
system to protect data for privacy. E.g. Cipher by A5/2.
•Sub Channel Number: It is displayed at a time when mobile is on
dedicated mode at time of call setup when it is getting SDCCH at that
time it shows which SDCCH it is getting out of 8 available. E.g. 2.
•Hopping Channel : It shows that current sector is having hopping
feature or not. Values are Yes or No.
•Hopping Frequencies : It displays no. of freq. on which mobile is
allowed to hop. viz. MA List for hopping of that sector.
•Mobile Allocation Index Offset (MAIO): It is the number which
tells from which freq. from given MA list for sector hopping has to be
started. E.g. 0 means sector will start from first freq. to hop.
•Hopping Sequence Number (HSN) : Indicates sequence in which
frequencies are allowed to hop from the MA List. 0- 63. 0 for Cyclic
Hopping, 1 – 63 random hopping sequences.
MOC and MTC
Given are parameter need to be checked while performing MOC and
MTC
RX Level (-47 dbm to -110dbm)
RX Quality (0 to 7)
SQI (20 to 30)
DTX
HSN (Hopping Sequence Number) (0 to 63)
MAIO
Hopping Frequency
C/ I Ratio (>15 dbm)
C/ A Ratio (>12 dbm)
Chapter 4
Definition of Radio Parameters:
•RxLev : Receiving level in terms of dBm that mobile is receiving from the site.
Range of -30 dBm to -110dBm.
•RxQual : Quality of voice which is measured on basis of BER. Range of RxQual
0 -7.
•FER : Frame Erasure Rate it represents the percentage of frames being dropped
due to high number of non-corrected bit errors in the frame. It is indication of
voice quality in network.
•BER Actual : Ratio of the number of bit errors to the total number of bits
transmitted in a given time interval. BER is a measure for the voice quality in
network.. Depending on BER RxQual is measured. E,g, BER 0 to 0.2 %
corresponds to RxQual 0. Max. BER countable and useful is up to 12.8 % which
corresponds to RxQual of max. 7.
•SQI : SQI is a more sophisticated measure which is dedicated to reflecting the
quality of the speech (as opposed to radio environment conditions). This means
that when optimizing the speech quality in your network, SQI is the best criterion
to use. SQI is updated at 0.5 s intervals. It is computed on basis of BER and FER.
For EFR 30, FR – 21 & HR – 17 are respectively ideal values.
•C/I : The carrier-over-interference ratio is the ratio between the signal strength
of the current serving cell and the signal strength of undesired (interfering) signal
components. It should be atleast > 9 .
•MS Power Control Level : Displays range of power control from 0 to 8
depending upon network design. E.g. 0 means no power control and 1 means
level that is defined by operator viz. 2 dBm less acc. To airtel.
•DTX : Discontinuous transmission (DTX) is a mechanism allowing the radio
transmitter to be switched off during speech pauses. This feature reduces the
power consumption of the transmitter, which is important for MSs, and
decreases the overall interference level on the radio channels affecting the
capacity of the network..
•TA : Value that the base station calculates from access bursts and sends to the
mobile station (MS) enabling the MS to advance the timing of its transmissions to
the BS so as to compensate for propagation delay. Value of 0 means MS in radius
of 550mt. From BS.
•RL Timeout Counter (Cur) : This parameter define the maximum value of
the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. Range of 4 – 64 in step size of
4. it shows current value of RLT. Decrease by 1 but increase by 2. When it reaches
zero it results in normal DROP Call.
•RL Timeout Counter (MAX) : This parameter define the maximum value of
the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. Range of 4 – 64 in step size of
4. it shows current value of RLT. Normally 16, 20, 24.
•MS Behavior Modified : This window shows current settings for the mobile
station, for instance whether handover is disabled or multiband reporting
enabled.
Steps for Drive Test -5

GPRS (General Packet Radio System)


This is performed to check whether GPRS is working on the Site. This is
done
by browsing a web page in browser of the phone. For GPRS to be
checked it is
necessary to see that the handset is WAP, GPRS enabled.

Steps for Drive Test -6

Intra Site Handover


Intra Handover is performed to check whether handover is taking place
both ways
on the Site.
Handover is performed among all the Sectors of the Site.
Inter Site Handover
Inter Handover is performed to check whether handover is
taking place both ways
on the Site with it’s adjacent neighbor. Handover needs to
checked mandatorarily
for primary neighbor.
Handover is performed with all the defined neighbor's in the
integration sheet.

Steps for Drive Test -7

Idle Drive is performed in two fashion

• Normal Drive
• Frequency Lock Drive

Normal Drive

This is done to frame the potential area of the new site planned. It also helps us to
get to know the important neighboring sites for which the handover has to take place.
Frequency Lock Drive
This is done by locking the BCCH frequency of the serving cell and performing the
drive for the same cell unless the mobile enters into No Service Mode. This is use-
ful for making decision related to GSM antenna height, tilt, and orientation.
Dedicated Drive
Dedicated drive is an important part of Drive Test. Here call is made to a test
number and drive is done for the potential areas of the Site. During drive being
carried out one has constantly monitor parameters such as RX Level, RX
Quality, SQI, DTX, C/I Ratio, Hopping Channel, Neighbor list, TA (Timing
Advance).