Salt Hydrolysis
pH Determination based on several Indicators




All members of my chemistry group who have helped me in the process of labolatorium work. 3. And all parts involved in this practice. So on this occasion for their assistance and moral encouragement and material I wish to express my respect and deep gratitude to: 1. Mrs. Amin. I get a lot of support from other parties. Who have provided guidance. February 23. In preparing this report. 2.Preface Gratitude that I convey to the presence of God. Most Gracious. I realize there are many disadvantages. because thanks to the mercy of this report I could complete as expected. ranging from preparation to finish. Tuti .Pd as a chemistry teacher. During the finishing writing this report. Therefore I apologize for all the shortcomings I hope this report will be particularly beneficial for the writer himself and for others in general.S S. Cirebon. 2011 Bernadetta Infanteri Banowati .

they are: a. others not). b. The purpose of indicators is to know about how pH of a solution. numerically equal to 7 for neutral solutions. Alearts and Santika (1984) attached some of the indicators and changes in route of certain pH. alcohol when dissolved in water. the base solution. Why do we have to use the alcohol to dilute the indicator? 1. It is also used to determine the end point concentration at some quantitative analysis of organic compounds and ino rganic compounds. Because alcohol is a solvent non-polar compounds. There are two kinds of hydrolysis.1. increasing with increasing alkalinity and decreasing with increasing acidity. the color indicator can be changed. What is Indicator? Indicator is a substance that can distinguish the acid solution. Tools and materials Plat Pipette Beaker glass . Purpose To determi e t e pH trajectory of a hydrolysed salt 2. or neutral solution. 3. Basic theory What is Hydrolysis? Hydrolysis is the decomposition of salt in water to produce acid or base and comes from a weak acid or a weak base. except that the phenolphthalein color change routes more than 7. 2. What is a Range pH? A range pH is a range of a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. The pH scale commonly in use ranges from 0 to 14. Partial hydrolysis It happened if the salt comes from the weak acid and strong base or vice versa and the partial hydrolysis of only one ion hydrolysis reactions experienced. Total hydrolysis It happened if the salts derived from weak acid and weak base. related to the ph route. Beside that.

CuSO4 NH4Cl CH3COONa Methylene red Methylene Blue BTB Ali arine Yellow (NH4)2SO4 4. Work procedures 1. Prepare tools and materials which is going to be used 2. Look at the change of color   Methylene orange . Drop one hole with one indicator that available 4. Fill 6 holes of plat with CH3COONa 3.

4 < 3.htm http://www.6 in salt solution that has been 7.0 <10.6 References http://www.2 .1-12 .8 <10.6 3.3 >10.5.0 ± 8.1 <8.2 <6 CH3C a >6 < ± <6 4.4 ( H4 2S 4 <4.6 >4. 7.1 10.6 3.2 10.3 <8.6 4.scribd.3 3.2 ± 6 ± 7. so: Compound Indicator Methyle Methyle Methyle Bromothymol red blue orange blue H4Cl >6 <10.4.3 <10.6 < ¢ ¢¢ ¡ ¢ CuS Pink Red range ¡ ¢ ( H4 2S Red range range ¡ ¡ Bromothymol Blue Dark green Phenolphthalein one one one Alizarine yellow Yellow Yellow Yellow Yellow ¡ ¡ Pink Phenolphthalein Alizarin yellow <8.scribd. Write down the result Determine trajectory pH by the color which is same as the range pH indicator Repeat the procedure number 2-6 with the others salt solution 5. 6. Observati Compound Methyle red Yellow 4 Indicator Methyle blue Dark Blue Dark Blue Light Blue Light Blue Methyle orange range ¢ ¢ ¢ H4Cl ¢ £ 4 CH3C a Yellow range Dark green 6.4 CuS 4 <4.8 <10.1 <10.1 .4 >7. Conclution Salt solution H4Cl ( H4 2S 4 CuS 4 CH3C a pH trajectory http://kimia. Discussi Based on surveillance data that show color changes given indicator.

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