• Moving into practice • How does theory relate to practice? • An eclectic approach • Strengths based practice • Context-rich Practice

Integrating Theory and Practice
Strengths based practice

Moving into Practice
• How does theory relate to practice? • Early theories from last week…
– – – – How might they relate? Defenses A child seeks autonomy Identity seeking
• Will I be an engineer or a social worker?

Beginning to pull it together

• Many older theories are less useful
– – – – Gender roles and understanding Multicultural Postmodern thinking Policy work?


does not adequately consider the psychological system • Strengths based work • Excellent. often in family or in self • But. but does not always give enough credence to the persistence of the problem/issue Overview of Eclecticism • A broad general system • Requires basic understanding of underpinnings of psychological. sociological and counselling theories • Personality remains a vitally important base • Person in environment brings psychology and sociology together • Requires flexibility and knowledge in counsellor Interactional Approach Shulman. psychologically based theory cannot address the system adequately Eclecticism? some might equate this with biopsychosocial • • No one theory can have all the answers Not just taking bits and pieces of various theories and putting them into one helping session Social Worker needs to know and have tried many theories Social Worker may have found specific areas of work.1/19/2010 Theory • Psychologically based theory • Focus in individual history. The Skills of Helping Individuals. the elements that work in addressing a particular issue • But requires a critical stance • Not passive acceptance of the theory • • • Sociologically based theory • Focus on system. 2006. the elements that work with a particular client group. social worker may not find any theory entirely helpful in a case or in their practice • Eclecticism provides an opportunity to take the best of all. • Client – system interaction • Based in systems theory but integrating several other options as the counsellor finds helpful strategies from other theories • Dynamic • Self-in-relation. if social work exists where the client meets the system. Groups and Communities. looks for causes in context • But. or particular population groups. Families. where concepts of one particular theory are particularly helpful • Yet. issues • Look for causes. to stay connected with others we put ourselves in harm’s way 2 .

visions…?” • Esteem questions: “When people say good things about you. 2001.1/19/2010 Major Elements in Generalist-Eclectic Approach Lehmann & Coady. • Elements include • Person-in-environment • Development of good helping relationship • Flexible problem solving approach • Holistic assessment on multiple levels • Strengths base • Includes anti-oppressive stance • Flexible use of theories selected pertaining to particular situation • What people have learned about self. The Strengths Perspective in Social Work Practice. talents • Cultural and personal stories • Pride • Community • Learn about strengths by true listening Strengths Strengths based questions – a few examples from Saleebey Contextual Elements Personal Elements Blocks to Strengths Adapted from Saleebey’s Assessment Axes • Survival questions: “How have you managed to survive this…” • Support questions: “Who are the special people on whom you can depend?” • Exceptional questions: “When things were going well in life. traits. what are they apt to say…?” 3 . other. Theoretical Perspectives for Direct Social Work Practice. Strengths Based Practice Saleebey. what was different?” • Possibility questions: “What are your hopes. world • Personal qualities.

• Stay tuned… 4 .1/19/2010 Context-Rich Practice • Why does context matter? – Think about Afganistan. about Haiti – Think about your own context – Think about the context of your clients – What is the impact? – An accident of birth? And from here… • Student presentation…begins this week • I will leave it up to the presenting group to pose thought provoking questions for this week.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.