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HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
TOPIC: EVOLUTION OF TRADE UNIONS AND VARIOUS TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA
SUBMITTED TO: Ms. Alka Sharma
SUBMITTED BY: Abhishek Garg
Roll No- RT1901 B39 Reg. No. 10904651
The most motivating aspect associated with perusing the course in management or business studying in the dynamism associated with it. Dynamism of adding new perspective to once personality and vision by accumulating wider knowledge. Developing analytical skill by traditional way of teaching and learning but by observing things at work. The term paper is an opportunity to see the application part of what we study or learn in the classroom. Management is that function of an enterprise that concern it seeing with the direction and control of various activity to attain business objective. It is the science and art preparing, organizing and directing human effort to control the force and utilize the material of nature for the benefit of management. As the matter of fact is that management provide the scientific technology to deal with the various problem in the area of management and the manage and mix some art to it. It provides chain of solutions to a chain of critical problems.
This is to certify that I “ABHISHEK GARG”, student of MBA-II of section-RT-1901, have prepared my term paper under the guidance of “MS. ALKA SHARMA”.I feel gratitude to my teacher as well as my friends who helped me for making the term paper. This is a humble effort to express our sincere gratitude towards those who have guided and helped us to complete this term paper. A term paper is major milestone during the study period of a student. We could have faced many problems but our teachers’ kindly response to our needs and requirement .Their patient approach and their positive criticism helped us a lot. Very warm thanks to our LPU LIBRARY. It was not very easy without the support of our library to finish our project With the motivation of our parents, it was very easy to finish our project successfully and satisfactorily in short span of time
A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labor contracts employers. This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies. The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and file members and the employer and in some cases on other non-member workers. Originating in Europe, Labour unions became popular in many countries during the Industrial Revolution, when the lack of skill necessary to perform the jobs shifted employment bargaining power almost completely to the employers' side, causing many workers to be mistreated and underpaid. Trade union organizations may be composed of individual workers, professionals, past workers, or the unemployed. The most common, but by no means only, purpose of these organizations is "maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment". OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY • • To know about the evolution of trade unions and various trade unions in India. To know the different functions of trade unions.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
R.I. Hawkesworth, 1988, Research into the role of labour in the transition to democracy, the emergence of free trade unions, the development of a new industrial relations framework and the participation of trade unions in the “consultation” process between government, employers and labor on a wide variety of economic and social issues. Rohini P.H, 1988, Trade unions in India accept that large numbers of women have to work if they and their families are to survive. However, women are also expected to take responsibility for running the home and raising the children. Remedies proposed by-trade unions have been aimed at helping the woman worker take on the double burden, rather than relieving her of part of it. Paul Lewis, 1990, In the 1980s trade unions developed a policy commitment to the unemployed, but research suggests that unions are seen solely as organizations for people in work. What benefits and services can trade unions usefully provide for the unemployed? How can trade union provision for the unemployed be improved? What organizational structures might be developed for the unemployed? These are the questions that this article attempts to address. Providing job information, retraining and legal services appear to be the most promising way forward. Moreover, there is support among the unemployed for these to be provided within a trade union context. However, finance is a problem because the unemployed cannot pay for what they receive. Unions should see provision for the unemployed as an investment in goodwill which is likely to have a pay-off in terms of future membership stability and strength. Richard Croucher, Chris Brewster, 1998, This article examines the problems that the expansion and spread of flexible working patterns have created for the trade unions. Drawing evidence from across Europe, but focusing on the UK, it is argued
that the decline in unionism has a number of antecedents, of which an important factor is the change in the way people are employed. A number of examples of flexible working are examined and the implications of each for union membership and influence are outlined. The paper ends by exploring what the UK unions are doing, and could be doing, to address these issues. A. Berdahl Moporte,1998, Trade unions have long recognized that proper education and training for officials, activists and members in general helps to make the union a more effective provider of services to its members. In contrast, the training of members as employees has traditionally been low on the list of trade union priorities. But there are signs that this is changing. Paul Blyton, Edmund Heery, Peter Turnbull(2001) Presents 35 abstracts from the 2001 Employment Research Unit Annual conference held at Cardiff Business School in September 2001. Attempts to explore the theme of changing politics of employment relations beyond and within the nation state, against a background of concern in the developed economies at the erosion of relatively advanced conditions of work and social welfare through increasing competition and international agitation for more effective global labour standards. Divides this concept into two areas, addressing the erosion of employment standards through processes of restructuring and examining attempts by governments, trade unions and agencies to re-create effective systems of regulation. Gives case examples from areas such as India, Wales, London, Ireland, South Africa, Europe and Japan. Covers subjects such as the Disability Discrimination Act, minimum wage, training, contract workers and managing change. C.S. Venkata Ratnam, Harish C. Jain (2002) This paper on women in labour unions in India highlights the occupational segregation suffered by women in union structures. The authors explore and document the extent of female participation in trade unions in India. They suggest that less than 8 per cent of the 380 million workforce in India are unionized and women account for a very small fraction of trade union membership. They provide a number of reasons for the low female membership and participation in unions. In the occupations where women are organized, the incidence of union leadership among women varies considerably. On the positive side, the authors note that India has been a pioneer in organizing women in the informal sector such as workers’ cooperatives, self help groups such as Working Women’s Forum and Self Employed Women’s Association etc. In fact, they find that these unions are creating social unionism, thereby rewriting the meaning of trade unionism. The focus is on broad objectives of empowerment, development and fighting for their rights rather than the business unionism in North America (that is, focus on the bread and butter issues alone). The initiatives dictated by the Indian Constitution such as reservations or quotas for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes may have to be applied to labour unions and the private sector employers in the case of women in India. Policy makers and managers can learn a great deal from the theories discussed above.
HISTORY OF TRADE UNIONISM IN INDIA
The trade unionism in India developed quite slowly as compared to the western nations. Indian trade union movement can be divided into three phases. The first phase (1850 to1900) During this phase the inception of trade unions took place. During this period, the working and living conditions of the labor were poor and their working hours were long. Capitalists were only
interested in their productivity and profitability. In addition, the wages were also low and general economic conditions were poor in industries. In order to regulate the working hours and other service conditions of the Indian textile laborers, the Indian Factories Act was enacted in 1881. As a result, employment of child labor was prohibited. The growth of trade union movement was slow in this phase and later on the Indian Factory Act of 1881 was amended in 1891. Many strikes took place in the two decades following 1880 in all industrial cities. These strikes taught workers to understand the power of united action even though there was no union in real terms. Small associations like Bombay Mill-Hands Association came up by this time. The second phase (1900 to 1946) This phase was characterized by the development of organized trade unions and political movements of the working class. Between 1918 and 1923, many unions came into existence in the country. At Ahmedabad, under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi, occupational unions like spinners’ unions and weavers’ unions were formed. A strike was launched by these unions under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi who turned it into a satyagraha. These unions federated into industrial union known as Textile Labor Association in 1920.In 1920, the First National Trade union organization (The All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)) was established. Many of the leaders of this organization were leaders of the national Movement. In 1926, Trade union law came up with the efforts of Mr. N N Joshi that became operative from 1927. During 1928, All India Trade Union Federation (AITUF) was formed. The third phase began with the emergence of independent India (in 1947). The partition of country affected the trade union movement particularly Bengal and Punjab. By 1949, four central trade union organizations were functioning in the country: 1. The All India Trade Union Congress,
2. The Indian National Trade Union Congress,
3. The Hindu Mazdoor Sangh, and
4. The United Trade Union Congress The working class movement was also politicized along the lines of political parties. For instance Indian national trade Union Congress (INTUC) is the trade union arm of the Congress Party. The AITUC is the trade union arm of the Communist Party of India. Besides workers, white-collar employees, supervisors and managers are also organized by the trade unions, as for example in the Banking, Insurance and Petroleum industries.
The establishment of ILO(International Labour Organization),of which India was a founding member, prompted the formation of trade unions in India. The trade unions are formed not only to cater to the workers' demand, but also for inculcating in the workers the sense of discipline and responsibility. As per the National Commission on Labour(NCL),following are the important functions of a trade unions:
to secure fair wages for workers and improve their opportunities for promotion and training.
to safeguard security of tenure and improve their conditions of service.
to improve working and living conditions of workers.
to provide them educational, cultural and recreational facilities.
to cooperate in and facilitate technological advancement by broadening the understanding of the workers.
to help them in improving levels of production ,productivity, discipline and high standard of living.
to promote individual and collective welfare and thus correlate the workers' interests with that of their industry.
The governing law for regulating trade unions in India is Indian Trade Unions Act,1926. The Act deals with the registration of trade unions, their rights, their liabilities and responsibilities and ensures that their funds are utilized properly. The Act is administered by the concerned State Governments. The Act provides for the registration of the trade unions with the 'Registrars of Trade Unions' set up in different States. For registration of a trade union, seven or more members of the union can submit their application in the prescribed form to the Registrar of trade unions along with a copy of the 'rules of the trade union' and a statement giving following particulars:- (a) Names,
occupations and addresses of the members making the application.(b)The name of the trade union and the address of its lead Office.(c) The titles, names, ages, addresses and occupations of the (office bearers) of the trade union as per the format given in the Trade Unions Act 1926. The Act gives legal status to the 'Registered Trade Unions'. The registered trade unions (workers & employers) are required to submit annual statutory returns to the Registrar regarding their membership, general Funds, Sources of Income and Items of Expenditure and details of their assets and liabilities, which in turn submit consolidated return of their state in the prescribed proformae to Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment. The Labour Bureau on receiving the annual returns from different States/Union Territories, consolidates the all India statistics and disseminates them through its publication entitled the 'Trade Unions in India' and its other regular publications. However, this Act has been amended by The Trade Unions (Amendment)Act,2001 in order to bring more transparency and to provide greater support to trade unionism in India. Some of the salient features of the Trade Unions (Amendment) Act, 2001 are:
No trade union of workmen shall be registered unless at least 10% or 100, whichever is less, subject to a minimum of 7 workmen engaged or employed in the establishment or industry with which it is connected are the members of such trade union on the date of making of application for registration.
A registered trade union of workmen shall at all times continue to have not less than 10% or 100 of the workmen, whichever is less, subject to a minimum of 7 persons engaged or employed in the establishment or industry with which it is connected, as its members.
A provision for filing an appeal before the Industrial Tribunal / Labour Court in case of non-registration / restoration of registration has been provided.
All office bearers of a registered trade union, except not more than one-third of the total number of office bearers or five, whichever is less, shall be persons actually engaged or employed in the establishment or industry with which the trade union is connected.
Minimum rate of subscription by members of the trade union is fixed at one rupee per annum for rural workers, three rupees per annum for workers in other unorganised sectors and 12 rupees per annum in all other cases.
For the promotion of civil and political interest of its members unions are authorized to set up separate political funds.
Trade unions should be so formulated such that they help in making national plans successful for economic development. Though, trade unions aim to fight for their legitimate rights, they should not misuse these to serve their own purpose and in the process depriving the unorganized innocent public of their rights. The unions should make every worker understand that his duties and responsibilities comes before his rights and privileges. Also, they need to adapt themselves to changing social needs, rise above forces of castes, religion and other biases. The social responsibilities of trade unions can be enumerated as follows:
They need to promote national integration
They must influence the socio-economic policies through active participation in their formulation at various levels
They must instill in their members a sense of responsibility towards organization and community, etc.
LIST OF VARIOUS TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA
Indian Railway Trade Unions All India Railway Men's Federation Northern Railway Men's Union www.nrmu.net Bank Employees Federation of India All India Central Council of Trade Unions o Bengal Chatkal Mazdoor Federation o Bunkar Mahasabha o Rajasthan Nirman Mazdoor Sangathan o Tamil Nadu Democratic Construction Labour Union All India Trade Union Congress o A.P. Mica Mine Workers Union o Andhra Pradesh Auto Rickshaw Drivers and Workers Federation o Calcutta Hawkers' Men Union o Federation of Chatkal Mazdoor Unions o Nikhila Orissa Beedi Shramika Federation o Patiala Aviation Club Workers Union o Pondicherry Textile Labour Union o Powerloom Workers Union o Punjab Breweries Workers Union o Vegetable Market Workers Union
o o o o
Visakha Steel Workers Union Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh o Bhakra Management Board Karamchari Sangh o Bharatiya Pratiraksha Mazdoor Sangh o MCF Mazdoor Sangh o Mica Mazdoor Sangh Centre of Indian Trade Unions o Andhra Pradesh Anganwadi Workers and Helpers Union o Andhra Pradesh Auto and Trolley Drivers Union o Bengal Chatkal Mazdoor Union o Calcutta Tramways Workers' and Employees' Union o Cochin City Motor Thozhilali Union o Darjeeling District Newspaper Sellers' Union o Forward Seamens Union of India o Maharashtra Sugarcane Cutting and Transport Workers Union o Otis Elevators Employees Union o Siliguri Dokan Sramik Karmachari Union o Steel Plant Employees Union Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat o Konkan Railway Corporation Employees Union o Municipal Mazdoor Union Hind Mazdoor Sabha o All India Jute Textile Workers' Federation o Coimbatore District Textile Workers Union o Kudremukh Shram Shakthi Sanghatan o MCF Employees' Union Indian Federation of Trade Unions o Darjeeling Jela Dokan Sramik Union Indian National Trade Union Congress o National Union of Jute Workers o Indian National Defence Workers Federation o MCF Workers' Union o Nangal Bakra Mazdoor Sangh o Visakha Steel Employees' Congress Labour Progressive Federation o NLC Workers Progressive Union National Federation of Atomic Energy Employee o AEEA (IGCAR) o BARCFEA (BARC facilities) o GSO SA (GSO) o TAPEU (MAPS) o MAPSA (MAPS) o DPS (DAE) o EA (MRPU) o CATSA
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Confederation Of Atomic & Space Scientists/Technologists, COAST o AARCO, Kalpakkam o CATSOA, Indore Trade Union Coordination Committee o Bengal Hawkers Association Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions Association of Motion Pictures & TV Programme Producer of India Federation of Western India Cine Employees Indian National Trade Union Congress Kerala Private Pharmacist's Association (KPPA) Kerala Gazetted Officers' Federation Kerala State Transport Employees Front Maharashtra General Kamgar Union Mazdoor Mukti Morcha Rashtriya Mill Mazdoor Sangh Socialist Trade Union Centre Trade Union Centre of India United Trade Union Centre-Lenin Sarani All India Defence Employees Federation Telangana Boggu Ghani Karimka Sangham Bengal Jute Mill Workers' Union Bengal Provincial Chatkal Mazdoor Union
NEWS RELATED TO TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA
50,000 airline employees plan all-India trade union
10 Oct 2009, 0616 hrs IST,Mithun Roy,ET Bureau MUMBAI: Fresh from the success of two strikes by pilots of Jet Airways and Air India, the
country’s 50,000 airline employees plans to form a nation-wide trade union that will represent pilots, engineers, maintenance staff, cabin crew and ground handling staff. The proposal, put forward by the trade unions of Air India and Jet Airways, is expected to elicit good response from the airline staff who face job losses and salary cuts, with the domestic airline industry troubled by losses looking to cut employee costs. Frequent cuts in fares due to cut-throat competition and high fuel prices have seen the industry’s accumulated losses mounting to around Rs 10,000 crore at the end of the last financial year. “Discussions are already on. We will meet pilots from other airlines to form a national union soon,” said Captain Girish Kaushik, president of National Aviators Guild (NAG) that represents more than 650 pilots of Jet Airways, the country’s largest airline by passenger numbers. “The union will have representation of engineers, cabin crew and other segment of airlines employees
in the long run,” he added. The mood is definitely upbeat after the strikes that demonstrated the damage potential of industrial action. Jet Airways lost at least Rs 400 crore due to the five-day strike in the first week of September, while Air India lost Rs 100 crore from the four-day strike later in the month. The country’s airlines employ about 2,500 pilots. Almost all pilots with Air India and more than half of those with other airlines are expected join the proposed national union. “One industry, one union, that’s what we aim for. A single union at the national level will protect the rights of each and every employee,” said George Abraham, general secretary of Aviation Industry Employees Guild (AIEG), a union of Air India employees. The 25,000 employees of government-owned National Aviation Company of India Ltd (Nacil), which runs Air India, is represented by three unions, AIEG, Indian Commercial Pilots Association (ICPA) and the Indian Pilots Guild (IPG). While employees of Jet Airways and Air India have formed trade unions, carriers such as Kingfisher Airlines, SpiceJet, Paramount Airways, IndiGo and GoAir do not have any union at any level, although some of them have welfare associations. Analysts tracking the industry said the employee activism is fallout of the downturn in airline business, which could see some airlines resorting to job cuts. This could further damage the prospects of the industry. The formation of a national union by airline employees is expected after the recent strikes in Jet Airways and Air India, said Kapil Kaul, CEO of Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation, Indian subcontinent & Middle East. “It will not have much impact in short term. But in the long run, it will have substantial impact,” he said. “It all depends on how airlines handle the employee issues and how they maintain industrial relationship after the national union formation,” he added.
Hero Honda strike enters third day
Our Bureau New Delhi , April 12 The workers' strike at Hero Honda Motors Ltd's Gurgaon plant entered the third day on Wednesday, even as negotiations were on between the management and representatives of the contract workers to sort out the labour impasse. The left parties too took note of the issue with senior members of the All-India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) visiting the striking workers. "We are supporting the workers, who are being
exploited. It is in the interest of all concerned parties to sort out the issue through mutual discussions," Mr D.L. Sachdev, National Secretary, AITUC said. A representative of the workers said that though there was some headway in negotiations over salaries and other benefits, there were no assurances on the issue of contract workers being made permanent employees. According to Hero Honda officials, some 2,000 contract workers are on strike at the plant as a result of which there was no production for the third day in a row. "We are considering absorbing some of the employees on our payroll based on qualification, skill level, stability and requirement. We are trying to reach an amicable solution at the earliest," Hero Honda Motors Ltd Vice President and Plant Head, Mr V.S. Kasbekar said. Shares of Hero Honda closed 4.5 per cent lower at Rs 830.25, outpacing a 2.6 per cent decline in the main share index.
Trade unions form body to support Toyota workers
Our Bureau Bangalore , Feb. 10 TOYOTA Kirloskar workers' union who are on hunger strike for the past week, got a boost on Friday with all the trade unions forming a body to support the union. All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) member Mr H.V. Anathasubba Rao told newspersons that Bangalore United Trade Unions' Forum has been formed to support the cause of the Toyota Kirloskar Workers' Union. A convention will also be held on February 13 to firm up a plan to force the company's management to agree to the demands of the workers. Apart from AITUC, seven other trade unions are part of the forum. It also plans to organise area wise campaigns from February 20 to March 4 to make people and the Government aware of the company's "anti-worker" policies, Mr Rao said. The forum will also take up the issue facing workers of other multinationals and the State and Central Governments. A general strike has also been planned sometime later, Mr Rao said. He said a Japanese director of Toyota has been quoted as saying that if the company takes back three dismissed workers as the Honda management had done, it would send wrong signals to the workers. "The laws in the country do not guarantee unfettered freedom to hire and fire workers," Mr Rao said. A Toyota worker said the management had started harassing the workers and it had become difficult for them to continue their work at the factory.
SBI staff to go on relay hunger strike
Posted On : 16/04/2010
Kolkata, 16 Apr: All staff of the State Bank of India (SBI) in the Bengal circle will go on a relay hunger strike from 19 April to protest "irregular" transfers and alleged manhandling of a liftman by senior managerial personnel. A statement issued by State Bank of India Staff Association today said, "The circle management had resorted to irregular transfers based on lopsided policies." The association alleged that the deputy general manager of the Bengal circle and the Circle Development Officer had also beaten up a liftman. It said that the circle staff would hold demonstrations in front of the local head office and five other administrative offices of the bank in the state. Kolkata, 16 Apr: All staff of the State Bank of India (SBI) in the Bengal circle will go on a relay hunger strike from 19 April to protest "irregular" transfers and alleged manhandling of a liftman by senior managerial personnel. A statement issued by State Bank of India Staff Association today said, "The circle management had resorted to irregular transfers based on lopsided policies." The association alleged that the deputy general manager of the Bengal circle and the Circle Development Officer had also beaten up a liftman. It said that the circle staff would hold demonstrations in front of the local head office and five other administrative offices of the bank in the state.Kolkata, 16 Apr: All staff of the State Bank of India (SBI) in the Bengal circle will go on a relay hunger strike from 19 April to protest "irregular" transfers and alleged manhandling of a liftman by senior managerial personnel. A statement issued by State Bank of India Staff Association today said, "The circle management had resorted to irregular transfers based on lopsided policies." The association alleged that the deputy general manager of the Bengal circle and the Circle Development Officer had also beaten up a liftman. It said that the circle staff would hold demonstrations in front of the local head office and five other administrative offices of the bank in the state.
SBI strike today, all-India stir on Aug. 20
Special Correspondent NEW DELHI: Banking transactions across the country are likely to be hit this week as various employees’ associations have given calls for strikes on Monday (August 18) and Wednesday (August 20). Monday’s strike is by members of the All-India State Bank Officers’ Federation (AISBOF) to protest against the government’s move to merge the State Bank of Saurashtra with the State Bank of India (SBI). The one on Wednesday will be by members of the All-India Bank Employees’ Association (AIBEA) to protest against the “anti-people banking, economic and labour policies” of the UPA government. More than 5 lakh employees of the public, private, cooperative and rural banking sectors are expected to participate in Wednesday’s strike. In Delhi, AISBOF president T.N. Goel said more than 80,000 officers in over 15,000 branches/offices of the State Bank group, comprising the SBI and its seven associate banks, would strike work on Monday and there would be no transactions or clearing. More than 350 branches of the SBI group in Delhi and the National Capital Region would be affected. Criticising the merger move, for which the Centre issued notification on August 14, he said the employees would hold a massive demonstration in front of the SBI headquarters here on Monday. The AIBEA is organising month-long rallies and dharnas to protest against privatisation, mergers and consolidation and the unrestricted entry of foreign direct investments in banks. The All-India Reserve Bank of India Employees’ Association has already announced its support.
SBI strike today to protest SBS merger
Economy Bureau, Agencies Posted: Monday, Aug 18, 2008 at 2236 hrs IST Updated: Monday, Aug 18, 2008 at 2236 hrs IST
New Delhi, Aug 17: If you are a customer of any of the eight banks of the State Bank Group, you are likely to face trouble in accessing your account for the first half of this week. This is because employees and unions plan to go on strike on two days this week to protest against the merger of State Bank of Saurashtra with its parent bank—the State Bank of India (SBI). A countrywide strike on Monday will be observed by the State Bank Group comprising of SBI and its seven associate banks to show their dissent against the merger. The strike will be right after three consecutive holidays, and is likely to severely hamper banking services.
“As many as 80,000 officers of SBI and its associate banks will strike work in 15,000 branches to protest the merger of SBI and State Bank of Saurashtra,” TN Goel, president All-India State Bank Officers Federation said. Apart from the State Bank of Saurashtra, the other associate banks of SBI are State Bank of Mysore, State Bank of Hyderabad, State Bank of Travancore, State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur, State Bank of Patiala and State Bank of Indore. The employees also plan to hold a massive demonstration at the State Bank headquarters in New Delhi. Meanwhile, bank employee unions are planning to observe another strike on August 20 against the merger. The stir — called by the All India Bank Employees’ Association—would be joined by an officers association in the banking industry and an employee association of the Reserve Bank, Unions said. Last week, in a filing to the Bombay Stock Exchange, SBI said the finance ministry has cleared the merger. It was given the go-ahead by the Union Cabinet in July this year. As per the Cabinet decision, State Bank of Saurashtra will cease to exist post the merger. SBI’s associates have a combined branch strength of around 5,000 and a total business of above Rs 4,00,000 crore. The merger of all associates of SBI with itself is expected to increase its total balance sheet size to above Rs 8,00,000 crore.
On analyzing the above stated information it can said that trade union came into existence to look after the problems of the workers in an organization, to give them an opportunity to them that they could raise their voice and reach to the top management. But these the rights and voice of the workers are being suppressed which is resulting in frequent strikes. If we go through the news these days it can be said that these days the frequent strikes are also adding woes to the government and the companies and it is sending wrong signals to the multinationals. If we see the example of Toyota and Hero Honda the workers strike has created a fear in the minds of many companies and it is sending wrong signal to many of the MNC companies that India is not a favorite destination to invest in some ventures due to unavailability of workers who are willing to work. The trade union should also think that although they are free to raise the voice for their rights but they should mind the status and goodwill of the company and the organization. Like these two cases mentioned above surely the reputation of India had suffered a lot making it not suitable for the MNC to find the suitable workforce. Many of the times the leaders of the trade unions work for their personal benefits rather for the benefits of the workers and its members.
The trade unions have the power of collective bargaining but they are misutilizing this and most of the time they force the government and companies to take action and make rules against the benefit of the company and the country. If we analyze the case of SBI strike the employees knew that the strike will cause the revenue loss in crores but even they went on strike and ultimately forced the government to cater to their demands. On these data it can be said that the motive of the trade union is diverting from its primitive role that lead to its formation.
http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/small/Inc-Mail/Labor-Unions.html http://business.gov.in/manage_business/trade_unions.php http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/2006/04/13/stories/2006041302060300.htm http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/transportation/airlines-/aviation/50000-airline-employees-plan-all-India-trade-union/articleshow/5108687.cms http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/bline/2006/02/11/stories/2006021102440200.htm http://www.ilovekolkata.in/index.php/News/SBI-staff-to-go-on-relay-hunger-strike.html http://www.thehindu.com/2008/08/18/stories/2008081855451300.htm http://www.financialexpress.com/news/sbi-strike-today-to-protest-sbs-merger/349855/
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