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NANDA DEVI NATIONAL PARK
WORLD HERITAGE SITE
WHS NANDA DEVI NATIONAL PARK JOSHIMATH
III 11039/ 82– G&O dated 02-04-1983 resulted in this ban. 2 . No. Order F. The ban was reiterated for another five years in 1994 by Govt. Nanda Devi was declared a Sanctuary in 1939.O No. Owing to its rich biodiversity. Nanda Devi Peak (7817 m) located inside the park is the second highest peak in India and 23rd highest peak in the World. India.6 Km2. Ecotourism in NDNPPrior to 1983 human activities. Government of India. in 1988 UNESCO declared NDNP as a World Heritage Site. j-22016/40/94-BR dated 14-09-1994 by Ministry of Environment and Forests. The park is habitat for many rare & endangered flora and fauna characteristic of transition Himalayas. 3. especially reckless mountaineering and trekking had done severe damage to the ecosystem of NDNP. It was raised to the status of a National Park in 1982.No. The decisions of Government of India vide G. lies in NDNP’s sanctum sanctorum and is held in great reverence throughout the State. Subsequently. MHA U. It is a core zone of Nanda Devi World Heritage Site (Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve) and is geo-morphologically shaped like a bowl surrounded by high mountain ridges and peaks on all sides except the western side. the reigning deity of Uttaranchal. Goddess Nanda Devi.1. Area description. The ban period lapsed in the year 1999. 2. The national park is spread over an area of 624. climate and geographyCoordinates: 30o16' to 30o32' N longitude & 79o44' to 80o02' E latitude. There are 16 gorgeous peaks within and surrounding NDNP that are above 6000 m height including four peaks that are above 7000 m height. IntroductionThe Natural World Heritage Site Nanda Devi National Park (NDNP) is situated in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. The Nanda Devi National Park was closed for general public since 1983 and has since remained closed for all types of visitors.O.
but there is heavy rainfall during the monsoon from late June to August. 1987). 1979.Northern Boundary. Nanda Devi Basin has a distinctive microclimate. the snow accumulating deeper and at lower altitudes on the southern than on the northern side of the valley (Lavkumar. hence the vegetation is lusher than is usual in the drier inner Himalayan valleys. the lower Rishi Gorge falls to 1. Eastern Boundary. Lamba.817m (Nanda Devi West).500m (the basin) to 7. Prevailing mist and low cloud during the monsoon keeps the soil moist. Kalanka Peak upto the crest of the Rishi Pahar Peak.900m. Climate Being an inner Himalayan valley. The basin is usually snow-bound for six months between October and March. 3 . Conditions are generally dry with low annual precipitation. Almora and Pithoragarh district meet and then running along the boundary of Chamoli and Almora District which passes through Nandakhat peak and Mrigthuni upto the point where inter district boundary turn suddenly to the south than run along the ridges of the mountain ranges up to the Nandaghunti Peak . Altitudinal Range 3.From the crest of Rishi Pahar Peak then running along the boundary between Chamoli and Pithoragarh district upto Nanda Devi East Peak and then up to the point where the boundaries of Pithoragarh .From Nandughunti peak along the mountain range upto to Rewti Peak and then along Rewtigard River up to the confluence of Rishiganga and Rewtigard rivers and then further along Rishi ganga up to the point where Rishiganga meets Dhouliganga river .From the confluence of Rishiganga and Dhauliganga Rivers and then running along the ridges of Dunagiri Peak. Western Boundary.From the point where the boundary of Chamoli. Almora and Chamoli district meet. Southern Boundary. Changbang.
Most of the snow peaks detailed below fall at the outer periphery of NDNP (a) Northern Boundary Dronagiri (7066 mt) Chang bang (6864 mt) Kalanka (6931 mt) Rishi Pahad (6992 mt) Magrun (6265 mt) Deodamia (6032 mt) Bamchu (6302 mt) Damchu (6260 mt) Latu Dhura (6389 mt) Nanda Devi East (7434 mt) Nanda Devi Khal (5885 mt) Nandakhat (6545 mt) Panwali Dhar (6663 mt) Sundar Dhunga Khal (5550 mt) Magtoli (6803 mt) Mrigthuni (6855 mt) Nanda Ghumti (6305 mt) Raunthi (6063 mt) (b) Eastern Boundary - (c) Southern Boundary (d) Western Boundary 4. but from April to June temperatures are temperate.Meteorological data are not available. Maps- 4 .
the vegetation switches from forest to dry alpine communities. Of these nearly 425 species are dicots. Pedicularis. The temperate forests of broad leaves and conifers are found mainly 5 . Cyananthus. Morina etc. In all more than 800 species of plant are reported from the NDBR area. Geraniums. and on riverine soils to annual herbs and dwarf willow Salix sp. flower. Gentians. Flora. Most of the areas of NDBR are too high to support any kind of plants growth. Thalictrum sp. with an understorey of Rhododendron. and Gaultheria sp. Primulas. Below these lie the alpine and sub alpine grasslands locally called ‘bugyals’ The bugyals are free from snow for a brief period of 5 to 6 months in which the plants grow. The bugyals are also rich in medicinal plants such as Orchis latifolia. Rhododendron campanulatum and birch Betula utilis up to about 3. seed & die. Below the bugyals lie the sub-alpine forests of Birch (Betual utilis) and Rhododendron campanulatum. Woody vegetation extends along the sides of the main glaciers before changing gradually to squat alpines and lichens.5.350 m. prone mosses and lichens. 173 monocots and rest are gymnosperms. Juniper gives way attitudinally to grasses. Forming a broad belt between these and the alpine meadows is birch forest. Andcosace. Beyond Ramani. In all nearly 600 species of plants are known from the park. fauna & flagship speciesForest Types (i) Upper temperate (ii) Sub Alpine (iii) Lower Alpine (iv) Alpine (v) Moraine (v) Perpetual glacier Vegetation Forests are restricted largely to the Rishi Gorge and are dominated by fir Abies pindrow. becoming almost xeric up the main Nanda Devi glaciers. with scrub juniper Juniperus pseudosabina becoming the dominant cover within the 'Inner Sanctuary'. Jurinea sp. These grassland support a wide variety of flowering plants such as Potentillas. Conditions are drier within the 'Inner Sanctuary'.
Queen of Spain (Issoria Iathonia) and Indian tortoiseshell (Aglais cashmirensis). Lamba. roseatus). Seven of these are endangered. Fir. The Dhauliganga valley forests are dry and are dominated by Deodar and Blue Pine. 1985. Oaks etc. Many of the birds species found in the area move down to lower altitudes in the lower Himalayas and foothill while a few migrate down even to the northern plains and peninsular India in the winters. The various faunistic surveys in the park have resulted in the finding of the presence of 18 mammals. Himalayan Thar (Hemitragus jemlahicus). Indian tree pipit (Anthus hodgsoni). 1987). although the species does occur in the vicinity of the national park (Tak and Lamba. Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephala). Serow (Captricornis sumatraensis). The area between Suraithota and Malari contains very old over mature stands of Deodar which make the eastern limit of Deodar distribution in the world. Abundant species recorded during May-June include crested black tit (Parus melanolophus). The distribution of goral Nemorhaedus goral (LR) does not appear to extend to within the basin. The forests of the Pindar valley are moist and have an admixture of Spruce. 1985. Common blue apollo (Parnassius hardwickei). Koklas Pheasant (Pucrasie macrolopha). Maples. Bluefronted redstart (Phoenicurus frontalis). Eight species of birds found in the area are endangered viz. and nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes). Monal pheasant (Lophophorus impejanus). Nearly 200 species of birds are reported from the biosphere reserve. Some of the butterflies reported from NDNp are: Common yellow swallowtail (Papilo machaon). Eight most endangered and threatened birds of the park are Himalayan golden eagle 6 . Vinaceous breasted pipit (A. Species richness is highest in temperate forests.in the Dhauliganga and Pindar valleys. The birds are of temperate. 1987) although Rhesus macaque and Macaca mullata (LR) has been sighted outside the park boundaries). sub-alpine and alpine zone of Himalayas. with a significant decline in richness as elevation increased. Common rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus). Walnut. The only primate present is common langur Presbytis entellus (Tak and Lamba. Yellow-bellied fantail flycatcher (Rhipidura hypoxantha). Lamba. Orange flanked bush robin (Erithacus cyanurus). Dark clouded yellow (Colias electo). The important mammals are snow leopard (Panthera uncia) Black Bear (Celenarctos thibetanus) Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster) Bharal (Pseudois nyaur). Horse Chestnut. Himalayan snowcock (Tetraogallus himalaysis).
7. communities and ecosystems . Communities of the landscapeThere is no human habitation inside the park area. Phagti. 7 . Brown Bear (Ursus arctos). Bhotia living in Chamoli have two sub groups known as Toclha & Marcha. Himalayan bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus). Paing. Kumauni & Tibetans. The important mammals are snow leopard (Panthera uncia).the area is reputed as one of the most spectacular wilderness in the Himalaya The various faunistic surveys in the park have resulted in the finding of the presence of 18 mammals. Each Bhotia group speaks its own dialect including Garhwali. Nanda means "she who gives bliss". Tolma. Segari. Lata. Muraina. the beautiful mother who removes their sufferings and bestows her blessings in both Kumaon and Garhwal. species . Eastern steppe eagle (Aquila rapax nipalensis) Black eagle (Ictinaetus malayensis perniger). 6. Visitor InformationVisitor’s Attractions : Nanda Devi peak (7817 m is the second highest peak of India and is revered as Goddess. Nanda Devi is worshiped as “Devi”. Dunagiri and Malari are migratory. Himalayan Monal pheasant (Lophophorous impejanus) and Koklas pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha macrolopha). Only three villages Reni. The world heritage site has unique topography . Bharal (Pseudois nyaur). climate. Suraithota are sedentary and nine villages viz. Himalayan snowcock (Tetragullus himalayensis himalayensis). a schedule tribe. Seven of these are endangered. Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus).(Aquila chrysactos daphancea). Western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus). Garpak. Local people have adapted to the harsh climate and tough terrain of the area by having settlements at lower altitude while the summer settlements at higher altitude lying inside the buffer zone. Human population is dominated by Bhotia community. The outside park area is inhabited by communities of Indo-Mangoloid and Indo-Aryan origin. Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster). Serow (Captricornis sumatraensis). and soil and it supports diverse habitat . Kaga. Black Bear (Celenarctos thibetanus).
Eight species of birds found in the area are endangered viz. Nanda Devi National Park eco-tourism offers an opportunity to visit famous Chipko movement village.Dronagiri. Nanda Devi National Park offers an opportunity to visitors to buy home made pure wool products prepared by villagers. Reni. which emanates from Nanda Devi glacier.). Changbang . Nanda Devi National Park forms upper catchments of Rishiganga river. Monal pheasant (Lophophorus impejanus). Kalanka and Nanda Devi East. Nanda Devi National Park and eco-tourism zone also offers excellent opportunity to see and observe high altitude Himalayan fauna. Snow Leopard. One can visit Gaura Devi trail (12 Km) leading to famous Chipko Movement forest. locally known as Pagrani. Nanda Devi National Park offers excellent opportunity of knowing the life style of local Bhotia tribal and to know and taste ethnic prepared by locals by providing the home-stay facility at Tolma and Lata. Nanda Devi National Park offers excellent opportunity of mountaineering in its peaks. Nanda Devi National Park also offers excellent opportunity for research on rare and endangered Himalayan flora and fauna. Reni (Valli) provides excellent opportunity to get the right information about the Nanda Devi WHS and eco-tourism facilities. The Nanda Devi National Park offers numerous eco-tourism sites and treks in its neighboring areas and breathtaking sighting and view of park from top most point i. Musk Deer. (Tragopan melanocephala). These peaks can be climbed from the routes situated in the outer side of the park boundary. Himalayan snowcock (Tetraogallus 8 .e. Himalayan Black Bear and most beautiful Pheasants like Monal and Koklas.e. Bharal. viz. Koklas Pheasant (Pucrasie macrolopha). Gaura Devi Interpretation centre. Dharansi. which are situated along its periphery (Most Imp are. i. Western Tragopan himalaysis).
distance 333 Km. The entrance and exit will be at Latakharak. trekking route between 4000 m.-4380 m. Latakharak to Dharasi - Two alternative circuitous trek routes have been proposed for tourists while returning from Dibrugeta and Dharasi- 9 . Latakharak 4 km. Dharasi 5 km. 4 Km. Debrugeta Lata Van Panchayat NDNP Area Entry gates The entry inside the park will be only through village Lata. inside the Park.) Haldwani-Ranikhet-Karanpryag-Joshimath-Tapovan-Lata (Approx. This trek involves a high altitude 9 km. 4 Km. Two new halting camp sites will be developed at Dharasi. inside and Dibrugeta. 5 Km.) Zonation The Latakharak-Dharasi-Dibrugeta trail lies in north eastern part of the tourism zone.4 km. The following route will be followed1) 2) 3) 4) Lata to Belta Belta to Latakharak Dharasi to Dibrugeta 5 Km. distance 289 Km.9 km.How to reach i) ii) Rishikesh-Srinagar-Joshimath-Tapovan-Lata (Approx. Lata Base camp 9 km.
1 Dibrugeta to Dharasi Dharasi to Jhandidhar Jhandidhar to Tolma Route No. Water and Kitchen facilities are available at these rest houses. There is small two room Forest hut at Latakharak for night stay. Apart from Forest Rest House. 4 Km. 4 Km.Route No. Home stay facility is also available at Tolma and Reni Villages. Forest hut at Latakharak 10 . 4 Km. 4 Km. 2 Dibrugeta to Latakharak Latakharak to Sainikharak Sainikharak to Peng Peng to Reni Facilities and Accommodation Forest Rest house with two suites is available at Joshimath. Ordinary food is also available in the Hotels and Lodges. 3 Km. Electricity. 5 Km. Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam’s Tourist Rest House and many private hotels and Lodges are available at Joshimath. 5 Km.
00 200000.00 100000.00 4 Security for above ((in INR)) a) Feature film per day b) Documentary film per day Eco fee Eco fee or Trail management fee (in INR) (Only Seven days track) Unit Per Person Per Student/Child Per Porter/Guide 100000.00 50000.00 10000. Eco fee & Camping fees Entrance fee No.00 30000.00 Free 500.00 200000.00 2 Camera fees (in INR) a) Still Camera (Non professional) b) Still Camera (Professional) c) Movie/Video (Non professional) d) Movie/Video (Professional) Free 500.00 250.00 Fee 60/30/20/- Adult Student/5 to 12 year child Porter and Guide 11 .00 Free 500.Entrance fee.00 50.00 Free 500.00 3 Filming charges (in INR) a) Feature film per day b) Documentary film per day 100000.00 600. 1 Description Entrance fee (in INR) a) Entrance fee per head for first three days b) For additional three days Indian Foreigner 150.
play audio and video tapes/radio inside the Park. Carry and introduce any animals or pets. Registered guide will be compulsory for a group of every five visitors or below. Don'tsKindle fire. Carry instruments. implements. 12 . Shout. Destroy. throw lighted Cigarette/Bidi butts or matchsticks inside the park. Tourists will bring back all their generated waste during their stay inside the park and hand it over to the Park authorities at Latakharak. trample. firearms or chemicals harmful to wildlife and vegetation. Camping will be permitted only on designated sites at Latakharak-DharasiDibrugeta. tools. hoot. collect or remove any plant and animal specimen whether live or dead or any geological specimen. Visitors only above 14 years of age will be allowed to go inside the park.Camping fee Camping fee (in INR) Tent (two persons) Tent (four persons) Kitchen tent Tent Pitching Unit Per tent/ night Per tent/night Per tent/night Per tent/night Indian 50/100/100/50/- Foreigner 100/200/200/100/- Rules Do’sTrekking will be permitted only on the designated trail along prescribed route. arms. Declare all the items before park authorities at the time of entrance and exit the Park at Latakharak.
rug sacs. at village Lata to 4250 m. Trek for the park negotiates a steep assent at a high altitude zone within 13 km.the topmost point. route from 2000 m. o Nearby places of interest Place Joshimath Altitude (mt) 1890 Distance (km) Accommodation Hotels. iv. ii. Get a thorough medical check up done before taking this arduous trek. Rest House. Carry common medicines for headache. and torch light.Do not carry too heavy a load. gloves.General directions for planning the visit i. stomachache. Camping ground Auli Gorson Tali Chitrakantha Gailgarh Kulari 2744 3658 3506 3506 3658 4266 8 jeep 7 trek 5 trek 4 trek 3 trek 5 trek --“---“---“---“---“---“-- 13 . Visitors have to be physically tough for this trek. iii. at Dharasi. trekking shoes with good grip. Carry warm but light clothing. sun glasses. energy giving toffees. sprain and common cold etc and your own essential medicines.
Po.252497 (O).Chamoli.0135-2644691 2) Director/Conservator of Forest WHS Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve.com 14 . Wildlife.For more information Log on.Mohabewala.org Contact: 1) Addl.Chamoli.ndbr@yahoo.. Principles Chief Conservator of Forest/ Chief Wildlife Warden. Gopeshwar District.01372.com 3) Deputy Conservator of Forest WHS Nanda Devi National Park. Uttaranchal.director. Uttarakhand Phone.www. Dehradun.01389-222179 (O) Email. Phone.ndwhs. 5 Chandrabani. 01372-253430 Email.dfonandadevi@rediffmail. Joshimath District. Phone.
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