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Measurement and Conversion Questions

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions

Measurement and Conversion Questions

501

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NEW YORK

Copyright © 2004 LearningExpress All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by Learning Express, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: 501 measurement and conversion questions / LearningExpress.— 1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-57685-520-1 1. Measurement—Problems, exercises, etc. I. Title: Five hundred and one measurement and conversion questions. II. Title: Five hundred one measurement and conversion. III. LearningExpress (Organization) QA465.A14 2004 516’.15—dc22 2004003125 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 First Edition ISBN 1-57685-520-1 For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at: 55 Broadway 8th Floor New York, NY 10006 Or visit us at: www.learnatest.com

New York Lara Bohlke Middle School Math Teacher.The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation. Annunziata Freelance Writer New York. New York Darren Dunn English Teacher Riverhead School District Riverhead. New Jersey Ashley Clarke Former Math and Science Teacher Math Consultant San Diego. Connecticut Elizabeth Chesla English Instructor Coordinator of Technical and Professional Communication Program Polytechnic University. New York . Brooklyn South Orange. Grade 8 Dodd Middle School Cheshire. California Brigit Dermott Freelance Writer English Tutor. New York Sandy Gade Project Editor LearningExpress New York. New York Barbara Fine English Instructor Secondary Reading Specialist Setauket. New York Cares New York. as well as educators and teachers who specialize in language arts and math. LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team Marco A.

Grade 7 Robert Moss Middle School North Babylon School District North Babylon. New York Kimberly Moroz English Instructor Wilmington College New Castle.Melinda Grove Adjunct Professor Quinnipiac University and Naugatuck Valley Community College Math Consultant Karen Hunter Project Editor Elkview. West Virginia Catherine V. Deleware William Recco Middle School Math Teacher. James. Jeremko Math Teacher Expert Math Reviewer Vestal. New York Kerry McLean Project Editor Math Tutor Shirley. New York Diane Kampf Middle School English Teacher. New York Colleen Schultz Middle School Math Teacher. New York . New York Adjunct Assistant Professor Suffolk Community College Suffolk. Grade 8 New York Shoreham/Wading River School District Math Tutor St. Grade 8 Vestal Central School District Math Tutor and Teacher Mentor Vestal. New York Noah Kravitz Curriculum and Technology Specialist New York.

Decimals. and Percents Conversion—Scientiﬁc Notation and Decimals Conversion—Metric and Standard Units: Length.Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Introduction Measurement—Perimeter Measurement—Area Measurement—Volume Measurement—Angles and Arc Conversion—Time Conversion—Dollars and Cents Conversion—Fractions. Area. and Volume Conversion—Metric and Standard Units: Temperature and Weight ix 1 21 45 71 101 113 125 159 173 205 .

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Or.Introduction Why Should I Use This Book? This book was created to provide you with targeted review and practice in the most essential measurement and conversions skills. a businessperson. ix . or a nurse? And the list goes on and on. it can be used to supplement current instruction in a math class. GRE. because measurement and conversion questions are not just found in the classroom or on standardized tests. but did you know that these skills are just as essential for being a ﬁreﬁghter. or on a vocational or professional exam. It provides 501 problems to help solidify your understanding of a variety of concepts. If you plan on entering one of the trades. And of course. ACT. 501 Measurement and Conversion Questions is designed for many audiences. having a solid grasp of the knowledge contained in this book is fundamental to scoring higher on the math portions of the SAT. In addition. they abound in every aspect of life and in virtually every profession. you know how critical good measurement and conversion skills are. a cashier. 501 Measurement and Conversion Questions is great for anyone who has ever taken a math course and wants to refresh and revive forgotten skills.

you may want to jump around from topic to topic. do the problems over. You may want to follow the sequence because the concepts grow more advanced as the book progresses. Fractions. So sharpen your pencil and practice! x . The structure of these chapters follows a common sequence of math concepts. Make the commitment to improve your measurement and conversion skills. This will help you understand the problem-solving process. It’s not the answer that matters most—it’s the process and the reasoning skills that you want to master. Decimals. you will undoubtedly want to check your answers against the answer explanation section at the end of each chapter. Make a Commitment Success does not come without effort. a thorough step-by-step explanation is provided. after completing all the problems in a section. and Metric and Standard Units: Temperature and Weight. Metric and Standard Units: Length. If you truly want to be successful. The book is organized into four measurement chapters and six conversion chapters. and don’t forget to keep lots of scrap paper on hand. Volume. you have laid the foundation for future challenges and success.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions How to Use This Book First. you feel you need more practice. For problems that require numerous steps. or if you are using this book to supplement topics you are currently learning. make a commitment to spend the time you need to do a good job. Every problem in 501 Measurement and Conversion Questions has a complete answer explanation. Scientiﬁc Notation and Decimals. You will probably want to have a calculator handy as you work through some of the sections. It’s always a good idea to use it to check your calculations. Why you do a problem is as important as how you do it. The measurements chapters are Perimeter. Area. you become more skillful with practice. and Angles and Arc. Area. and work for understanding. You can do it! When you achieve measurement and conversion success. Like an athlete preparing for the next season or a musician warming up for a concert. and Volume. As you complete the problems in this book. The conversion chapters are Dollars and Cents. and Percents. If. look at the table of contents to see the types of measurement and conversion topics covered in this book. if your skills are just rusty. The purpose of drill and skill practice is to make you proﬁcient at solving problems. However.

Remember that perimeter is an addition concept. Study the formulas before moving on to working the problems in this section.Measurement— Perimeter This chapter starts with the most basic of the measurements—perimeter. Read each question carefully and always double check your answer. 1 1 . You can think of perimeter as being a boundary for a polygon. Circumference is the name given to the perimeter of a circle. These are problems that involve measuring the distance around a geometric shape. carefully read over the answer explanations. When you ﬁnish.

} d C = πd 2 . add the lengths of all sides of the object.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas To ﬁnd the perimeter of any object. Square with side length s s P=s+s+s+s Rectangle with length l and width w l w P=l+l+w+w Circle with diameter d Note: The distance around a circle is called the circumference rather than the perimeter.

2 yards b. 6 ft a. b. 8 yards e. Martha’s garden is a square. 5 meters b. 15 meters 2. 10 yards 3 . Each side of the garden measures 2 yards. How many yards of fence does she need? a. 6 meters c. c. d. Martha wants to enclose her garden with a fence. 6 yards d. 8 meters d. 12π feet 6π feet 3π feet 36π feet 48π feet 3.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 1. Find the circumference of the circle below. a. 10 meters e. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with length 4 meters and width 1 meter. 4 yards c. e.

What is the circumference of the pool? a.24 feet b. d. 9 km 18 km 24 km 30 km 45 km 4 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 4. 200. 50. c. What is the perimeter of the ﬁgure below? 4 in 5 in 5 in 2 in 9 in a. Find the perimeter of the regular hexagon below. e.12 feet d. 803.96 feet e. 100. b.84 feet 6.48 feet c. 25. The diameter of a circular swimming pool is 16 feet. b. e. c. 25 inches 32 inches 30 inches 38 inches 40 inches 5. 3 km a. d.

6. inches c. 22 kilometers b. What is the length of one side of the square? a. 3 cm 3 cm 5 cm 5 cm a. 88 kilometers 5 . e. 8 cm 21 cm 15 cm 75 cm 16 cm 9. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 7. b. kilometers e. The perimeter of a square is 44 kilometers. c. what unit would you use to report the results? a. meters d. When measuring the perimeter of a house.6 kilometers c. Find the perimeter of the ﬁgure below. centimeters b. 11 kilometers e. 176 kilometers d. miles 8.

d. tape measure c. scale b. c. thermometer d. 14 yds a. 20 m 22 m 25 m 27 m 31 m 6 . b. barometer 12. e. When measuring the perimeter of a kitchen table. d. b. c. which measurement tool should you use? a. 14π yards 7π yards 49π yards 196π yards 28π yards 11. Find the perimeter of the quadrilateral below. Find the circumference of the circle below. protractor e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 10. e. 2m 10 m 5m 8m a.

e. e. The perimeter of the ﬁgure below is 28 feet. Find the length of the missing side. d. b.5 feet 30 feet 90 feet 360 feet 8. c. c. d. 8 ft ? P = 28 ft 7 ft 9 ft a. 4 ft 6 ft 8 ft 10 ft 12 ft 14.100 feet 7 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 13. What is the perimeter of a baseball diamond if the distance between bases is 90 feet? 90 ft 90 ft 90 ft 90 ft a. 22. b.

12 cm P = 38 cm w a. ﬁnd the width. c. pounds c. inches d. The perimeter of a rectangle is 38 cm. 8m a. c. millimeters b. 32 m 16 m 20 m 48 m 40 m 8 . d. 7 cm 14 cm 24 cm 26 cm 18 cm 17. e. miles e. d. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 15. Find the perimeter of the regular pentagon below. When measuring the perimeter of desk. b. kilograms 16. If the length of the rectangle is 12 cm. what unit would you use to report the results? a. b.

8 cm 8 cm 7 cm 16 cm 14 cm a.4 miles 21. The garden measures 8 feet by 10 feet. 64 feet e. Find the perimeter of the shape below. When measuring the perimeter of a book. Find the circumference of a circle with a radius of 20 miles. b. c. protractor c. b. a. 62. calculator 19. which measurement tool should you use? a. 36 feet d. Jason is calculating the amount of fencing he needs to enclose his rectangular garden. d. 18 feet b. e. How much fencing does Jason need to enclose the garden? a.8 miles 125. ruler d.6 miles 1256 miles 1600 miles 31. d. scale b. 26 feet c. thermometer e. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 18. 80 feet 20. 30 cm 29 cm 60 cm 53 cm 44 cm 9 . c.

Find the circumference of the circle below. The pillow has a diameter of 14 inches. meters d. 20 feet 25.86 inches e. 9 cm a. b. miles 24.94 inches d. A decorator wants to put lace around a circular pillow. The perimeter of Kim’s rectangular deck is 50 feet. 10 feet e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 22. 21.98 inches b. inches b. 43. 40 feet c. a. When measuring the border (perimeter) of the United States. 615. Find the length of the deck if the width is 10 feet. kilograms c. How much lace does the decorator need? a.44 inches 23. 60 feet d. c.96 inches c. 65. 153. what unit would you use to report the results? a. e. 9π cm 18π cm 36π cm 81π cm 324π cm 10 . tons e. d. 15 feet b.

d. 5 miles c. 6.25 miles 11 . d. George walked around the perimeter of Doolittle Park.04 ft 49. the second side was 1. What is the perimeter of the park? a.68 ft 18. He kept track of the distance walked on each of the ﬁve sides of the park. 12 ft a.84 ft 113. the third side was 1.5 miles e. 8 km 12 km 16 km 20 km 24 km 28. b. e.25 miles d. Find the perimeter of the regular hexagon below with side length 4 kilometers. 7. b.5 miles.84 ft 37. 30. Find the distance around the shape below. c. c. and the ﬁfth side was 1.5 miles.25 miles b. the fourth side was 0.75 miles. 4. e. The ﬁrst side was 0.0 mile.5 miles. 4 km a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 26. 5.68 ft 27.

c. b. e. 20 inches c. thermometer e. When measuring the perimeter of an in-ground pool. b. 5 inches 32. d. Find the circumference of a circle with a radius of 9 inches. 25 inches b. ruler d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 29. d. e. 15 inches e. 14 in 12 in 20 in a. 10 inches d. tape measure 12 . what measurement tool should you use? a. scale b. protractor c. a. 26 inches 32 inches 34 inches 36 inches 46 inches 30. c. A rectangular board has a perimeter of 30 inches. Find the perimeter of the ﬁgure below. a. 9π inches 3π inches 18π inches 81π inches 324π inches 31. Find the length if the width is 5 inches.

b. 16 feet 13 .08 meters 138. a.54 meters 379.14 meters 34. 36 feet e. b. Find the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 22 meters.16 meters 34. d. 20 feet c. e. Find the perimeter of the garden.94 meters 245.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 33. c. 14 inches 49 inches 28 inches 21 inches 53 inches 35. 7 in a. Find the perimeter of the equilateral triangle below. Jenny wants to put a border around her rectangular ﬂower garden. d. e. 69. 24 feet d. The garden measures 4 feet by 6 feet. 10 feet b. a. c.

meters e. what units would you use to report the results? a. 52 inches c. grams 38. c. inches b. c. Find the circumference of a circle with a radius of 1 cm. 26 inches b. e. b. 10 cm 5 cm 5 cm 12 cm a. b.28 cm 12. e.14 cm 14.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 36. 196 inches 39. 168 inches e. gallons c. Find the perimeter of the ﬁgure below.34 cm 14 . d. Find the perimeter of a rectangle that measures 14 inches by 12 inches.56 cm 9. 20 cm 22 cm 32 cm 42 cm 50 cm 37. 3. a. tons d. 144 inches d. d. When measuring the perimeter of an ofﬁce building.14 cm 6. a.

8 inches 7 inches 6 inches 5 inches 4 inches 15 . 8 in P = 25 in 10 in ? a. e. b. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 40. d. Find the length of the missing side. The perimeter of the ﬁgure below is 25 inches.

The distance around the square is 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8 yards. Use 3. 7. Therefore. all four sides of the square are 2 yards. 2. To ﬁnd the perimeter of a rectangle. The left side is not labeled so you must ﬁgure out the length of that side before ﬁnding the sum. The radius (half way across the circle) is given. The missing side is the same as the 5 inch side plus the 2 inch side put together (see ﬁgure below). Therefore. The formula for circumference is C = πd. All sides of a square are the same length. 16 . a. b. a. the diameter is 12 feet. d. The perimeter is 10 meters. the length of the side is 7 inches. 5 in 7 in 2 in 5 in 2 in 5. add all of the sides to ﬁnd the perimeter. b. Find the sum of all sides of the ﬁgure. P = 4 + 4 + 1 + 1. The question states that it is a regular hexagon which means that all sides are the same length.14 for π. d. each side is 3 km. The formula for the circumference of a circle is C = πd.24 feet. In other words. ﬁnd the sum of all four sides.14)(16) = 50.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 1. Next. Therefore. 4. Meters are the appropriate unit for measuring the perimeter of a house. Find the sum of all the sides of the hexagon. 6. c. C = π(12) which is equivalent to 12π feet. Centimeters and inches are too small and kilometers and miles are too large. P = 7 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 2 + 9 = 32 inches. Double the radius to ﬁnd the diameter. C = (3. P = 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 18 km. 3.

A protractor measures angles. A ruler is the appropriate tool. 10. d. c. A thermometer measures temperature. e. Millimeters are too small. 17. e. A regular pentagon has ﬁve sides that are all the same length. A scale measures weight. a. The formula for circumference is C = πd. c. Kilograms are used to measure weight. 17 . Find the sum of the side lengths. 44 ÷ 4 = 11 kilometers. a. c. The three given sides add to 24 feet (8 + 7 + 9 = 24). Substitute the given information into the equation. A barometer measures atmospheric pressure. Inches are the appropriate unit to measure the perimeter of a desk. All four sides must add to 28. Miles are too large. Find the sum of the four sides. A scale measures weight. In order to have a sum of 38. 15. a. b. A protractor measures angles. Find the sum of the lengths of all 4 sides of the garden. d. A tape measure is used to measure length and is appropriate to use to measure the length of a table. 18. 14. 11. Divide the perimeter by 4 to ﬁnd the length of a side. 19. 16. c. The diameter of the circle is 14 yards. the perimeter is P = 8 + 8 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 40 m. Pounds measure weight.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 8. 4 more feet are needed to make 28 feet. the width is 7 cm. C = π(14) which is equivalent to 14π yards. 12. the widths must add to 14 cm. P = 2 + 10 + 8 + 5 = 25 m. The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P = l + l + w + w. 13. P = 3 + 3 + 5 + 5 = 16 cm. P = 10 + 8 + 10 + 8 = 36 feet. P = 90 + 90 + 90 + 90 = 360 ft. A calculator makes mathematical calculations such as addition or multiplication. Since all 5 sides have a length of 8 m. A thermometer measures temperature. Since the widths are the same. 9. Find the sum of all the side lengths. 38 = 24 + w + w. A square has four equal sides. 38 = 12 + 12 + w + w. The length of the missing side is 4 feet. Therefore.

b.84 = 30. 50 = l + l + 10 + 10. The perimeter is 50 feet and the width is 10 feet. The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P = l + l + w + w. 24. 18 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 20. 12 + 18. 26. Half of this circumference is 18. the diameter is 18 cm. Since both lengths are the same. The rounded part of the shape is half of a circle with diameter 12 feet. 2 = 40) Use 3. C = π(18) which is equivalent to 18π cm. The formula for circumference is C = πd. c.96 inches. Therefore. the two lengths must add to 30 feet in order to get the perimeter of 50 feet. Inches and meters are too small. C = (3. Use 3.84 (37. ? 7 cm 14 cm 7 cm 7 cm 22. then add the straight part of the shape which is 12 ft. P = 8 + 7 + 8 + 14 + 16 + 7 = 60 cm. To ﬁnd the missing side.14 for π. 23. a. a. Therefore. The formula for circumference is C = πd. To ﬁnd the diameter. notice that the side length of 7 cm and the missing side add together to make the side length of 14 cm (see ﬁgure below).14 for π. Kilograms and tons measure weight. Find the sum of all the sides in the ﬁgure. Miles are the appropriate unit. The radius is 9 cm. 25. each one is 15 feet (30 ÷ 2 = 15). One side is missing.68 ÷ 2).6 miles.84 feet.14)(14) = 43.68. e. The formula for circumference of a circle is C = πd. C = (3. b. Add the straight part to the rounded part. double the radius (20 125. C = (3. b.14)(40) = 21. the missing side must also be 7 cm.14)(12) = 37. Therefore. Find the circumference of a full circle and divide it by two.

Find the sum of all ﬁve sides. c.75 + 1. e. Use 3. A ruler is too small. Substitute in the given information. Find the sum of all three sides. 37. Double the radius to ﬁnd the diameter. 35. The radius is 1 cm. Meters are the appropriate unit of measure. all six sides of the hexagon are 4 km. P = 5 + 10 + 5 + 12 = 32 cm. c. Therefore.14)(22) = 69. The formula for circumference of a circle is C = πd. P = 4 + 4 + 6 + 6 = 20 feet.28 cm. The diameter is double the radius. Find the sum of all four sides of the rectangle. each length is 10 inches. Find the sum of all four sides of the rectangle. All three sides of an equilateral triangle are the same length. P = 14 + 12 + 20 = 46 in. A scale measures weight. Therefore. the circumference is 18π inches. P = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21 inches. A thermometer measures temperature.5 = 5.0 + 1.5 + 0. C = (3.08 meters. d. Find the perimeter by adding all three side lengths. A tape measure is the appropriate tool. The radius of the circle is 9 inches. Gallons measure volume. a.14 for π. The formula for circumference is C = πd. 36. 19 . Find the sum of the four sides of the trapezoid. The diameter is 2 cm. 30. b. A protractor measures angles.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 27.14)(2) = 6. 32. a. 38. Since the lengths are equal. P = 0. P = 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 24 km. b. b. Find the perimeter by adding all the side lengths together. 30 = l + l + 5 + 5. The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P = l + l + w + w. P = 14 + 14 + 12 + 12 = 52 inches. Tons and grams measure weight. 33.14 for π. A regular hexagon has six sides of equal length. The two lengths must add to 20 to make a perimeter of 30 inches. d. C = (3.5 + 1. e. 29. 39. Use 3. 31. Inches are too small.25 miles. c. 18 inches. e. 28. 34. The formula for circumference is C = πd.

20 . b. The sum of the three sides must be 25 inches. The sum of the two given sides is 18 inches. 7 + 8 + 10 = 25. the remaining side must be 7 inches.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 40. Therefore.

which includes the area formulas for the basic geometric polygons. You should have these formulas memorized. Area is a multiplication concept. doublecheck your answers. As always.Measurement— Area This chapter offers practice in the common measurement of area. area is two measurement quantities that are multiplied together to yield a measurement in square units. Generally speaking. The answer explanations that follow the questions will provide one or more correct methods of solution. Area is the amount of square units that it takes to cover a polygon. Examine the formulas. 2 21 .

where r = the radius Area of a regular polygon A = 1 aP. or square A = bh. where l = the length and w = the width Area of a trapezoid A = 1 h(b1 + b2). where h = the height. rectangle. where a = length of the apothem (the perpendicular segment 2 drawn from the center of the polygon to one of its sides) and P = the perimeter of the polygon 22 . where b = the base and h = the height 2 Area of a parallelogram.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Area of a triangle A = 1 bh. rhombus. where b = the base and h = the height OR A = lw. and b1 and b2 = the two parallel bases 2 Area of a circle A = πr2.

9 m b. units. b. 13 cm2 6.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 41. the amount of space that the object covers. the length of a side. 43. If the base of a triangle measures 5 m and the height is 4 m. c. e. what is the area of the triangle? a. none of these 42. the distance around the object. square units. cubic units. 10 m2 d. the number of sides it has. b. b. d. When calculating the area of a ﬁgure you are ﬁnding a. d.5 cm2 30 cm2 15 cm2 60 cm2 23 . The area of a region is measured in a. 20 m2 e. 10 m c. c. 40 m2 44. What is the area of the ﬁgure? 3 cm 10 cm a. e. the number of degrees in the angles. c. quadrants. e. d.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 45.5 m2 d. c. If the area of the triangle below is 36 in2. 32. d. What is the area of the ﬁgure? 6 cm 2 cm 7 cm a.5 cm2 27 cm2 42 cm2 54 cm2 46. what is the area of the triangle? a. d. 12 m2 b. 21 cm2 10. 60 m2 e. c. b. e. 30 m2 c. b. 2 in 4 in 6 in 8 in 12 in 47. e. 65 m2 24 . what is the height? h 3 in 6 in a. If the hypotenuse of a right triangle is 13 m and the measure of a leg is 5 m.

13.8 ft2 c. 5.6 ft2 49.7 ft2 e. none of these 50.5 in d. e.5 in b. What is the area of the ﬁgure below? 42 m 40 m a. A patio is in the shape of an equilateral triangle.8 m2 d. b.75 in 25 .6 ft b.8 m2 b. If the length of one side is 4 m. 79. If the height of a triangle is 7. what is the area of the patio to the nearest tenth? a.9 m2 c. 2.9 m2 e. 39. 13.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 48. 12.5 in c. Given a triangle with a base of 16 inches and an area of 44 square inches.5 ft. d. 6. what is the height? a. 9 in e.680 m2 256 m2 840 m2 82 m2 cannot be determined 51.2 ft2 d.2 ft and the base is 5. 6. 4. 2. 1. what is the area of the triangle? a. 19. 39. c.

000 ft2 400 ft2 55. what is the area of the rectangle? a. d. 100 m2 54. The base of a parallelogram is 25 m and the height is 15 m. d. 80 m2 c. c. 15 m2 b. What is the area? a. b. The area cannot be determined. 53. 375 m2 d. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 52. The area is quadrupled. 25 m2 d. 40 ft 80 ft2 200 ft2 2. 187. e. 30 m2 c. The area is doubled. 50 m2 e. If the base of a rectangle is 10 m and the height is 5 m. The side of a square measures 20 feet.5 m2 e. The area is tripled. How does the area of a triangle change if the height of the original triangle is doubled? a. 40 m2 b. What is the area? a. c. 750 m2 26 . b. The area remains the same.

What is the area of the ﬁgure below? 9 units 11 units a. The area is six times larger. 300 m2 340 m2 136 m2 204 m2 180 m2 57. What is the area of the ﬁgure below? 17 m 8m 12 m a. d. The area is nine times larger. How does the area of a rectangle change if both the base and the height of the original rectangle are tripled? a. b. The area remains the same. e. 58. d. c. The area is tripled. e. b. The area cannot be determined. b. e. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 56. 20 square units 99 square units 22 square units 77 square units 121 square units 27 . d. c.

c. 483 ft e. $29. 22 ft b. $35. 10. A rhombus has a side length of 30 cm.36 28 . 900 cm2 e. $64. If the length of the yard is 21 feet. 24 ft c. 30 cm2 b. e. how much will the cost be if the carpet costs $2. If the length of the room is 10 feet and the width is 12 feet.40 b.80 d.28 c. 60 cm2 c. 13 m2 18 m2 27 m2 36 m2 cannot be determined 62. cannot be determined 60. d. Brooke wants to carpet her rectangular bedroom.68 e. what is the width? a.584 ft 61. What is the area of the parallelogram below? 9m 4m a. $423. 120 cm2 d.94 per square foot? a. The area of a rectangular yard is 504 feet2. What is the area of the rhombus? a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 59. b. 525 ft d. $352.

e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 63. d. 420 in2 42 in2 56 in2 84 in2 72 in2 29 . b. What is the area of the trapezoid below? 7m 4m 15 m a. b. Cathy has a countertop in the shape of a right trapezoid that she would like to paint. e. 22 m2 28 m2 44 m2 60 m2 210 m2 64. what is the total area she will paint? 6 in 4 in 14 in a. d. If the dimensions of the countertop are as shown in the ﬁgure below. c. c.

5 cm2 and the two parallel bases measure 23 cm and 27 cm.5 cm 66. b. 2. 4. When measuring the area of a football ﬁeld. 8. you would most likely use a. what is the height of the trapezoid? a. If the area of a trapezoid is 112. 2. Given the following ﬁgure. b.5 cm d. d. what is the area of the trapezoid? 24 units 13 units 5 units 30 units a. 59 square units 12 square units 383. square miles. the height is 3. e. e. 62. c. 5 cm e. and the area is 28. 15. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 65.5 square units 354 square units 455 square units 67.5 m e. 2. square inches. square yards. square millimeters.9 m 68. d.4 m.9 m2? a.8 m d.5 cm b. 25 cm c. 7 m b.5 m c. square liters. What is the length of a base of a trapezoid if the other parallel base is 10 m. 30 .

12 in2 b. If the circle below has a radius of 10 m. d. e. If the length of the apothem is 10 cm. 75 cm2 e. A stop sign in the shape of a regular octagon has an area of 160 cm2. 36 in2 d. c. 16 cm e. What is the area of a regular pentagon with a side length of 6 cm and an apothem length of 5 cm? a. 4 cm c. 2 cm b. how long is one side of the sign? a. 15 cm2 b. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 69. 18 in2 c. what is the area of the circle? r = 10 m a. 72 in2 e. What is the area of the tile? a. 32 cm 72. A tile in the shape of a regular hexagon has a side length of 3 in and an apothem length of 4 in. 60 cm2 d. 30 cm2 c. 144 in2 71. 10 m2 10π m2 20π m2 100 m2 100π m2 31 . 8 cm d. 150 cm2 70.

10. d.14.25π m2. 7. If the area of a circle is 254.9 in2 b. 2.54 m 75. 6.5 m d. 30.3 in2 d. a. 3 in b.125 m e.14. none of these 76. If the area of a circle is 42. 9 in c. 64 cm2 256π cm2 16π cm2 64π cm2 256 cm2 32 . e. What is the area of the ﬁgure below if the diameter of the circle is 16 centimeters? d = 16 cm a. 27 in e. to the nearest tenth? Use π = 3. c. what is the length of the diameter of the circle? Use π = 3.34 in2. 95. 379. If the diameter of a circle is 11 inches. what is the length of the radius of the circle? a.5 m b. what is the area of the circle.9 in2 74. 94. 18 in d. a. 21.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 73. b.5 m c. 72 in2 e.0 in2 c.

154 ft2 79. Approximately how much more pizza do you get in a large than a small pizza? Use π = 3. d. 144 in2 c. 49 ft2 e. 10 m a. 139.25 m2 178. 113 in2 b.5 m2 33 . At the Pizza Place.14. c. b. e.5 m2 414 m2 109.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 77. what is the approximate area that the dog can roam while tied to the stake? Use π = 3. What is the area of the irregular ﬁgure below? Use π = 3. 19 in2 e. 452 in2 78.14. 6 in2 d. While waiting to go for a walk. the diameter of a small round pizza is 9 inches and the diameter of a large round pizza is 15 inches.14. 44 ft2 b. a. a dog on a leash is tied to a stake in the ground. If the leash is 7 feet long. 615 ft2 c. a. 36 ft2 d.5 m2 78.

b.79 m2 127. b.14.585 m2 144. d. e. 49 m2 144 m2 240 m2 192 m2 336 m2 81. d. What is the area of the irregular ﬁgure below? 8m 6m 6m 24 m a. 8m 9m a.34 m2 103. c. e. c. What is the area of the irregular ﬁgure below? Use π = 3.585 m2 326.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 80.585 m2 34 . 135.

c. c. What is the area of the shaded region? 3m 4m 8m a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 82. e. b. d. d. b. (64π – 12) m2 (16π – 24) m2 (16π – 12) m2 (24 – 16π) m2 (24 – 64π) m2 35 . (36π –144) square units (36π + 144) square units 144 square units (144 – 144π) square units (144 – 36π) square units 83. e. What is the area of the shaded region? 12 units a.

c. 21. e.14. If the shaded region represents the washer. 2 cm 9 cm a. d. b.176 m2 504 m2 36 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 84.34 cm2 241. what is its area? Use π = 3. d. What is the area of the shaded region? 36 m 30 m 12 m 14 m a.98 cm2 254.06 cm2 none of these 85. b. c. A diagram of a washer is drawn in the ﬁgure below.78 cm2 248. 444 m2 696 m2 78 m2 4. e.

The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = 1 bh. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = where b is the base of the triangle and h is the height.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 41. d. 2 2 37 . 44. where b is the base of 2 the triangle and h is the height. c. First. Since the area is given and the base is 9 in. where b is the base of the triangle and h is the height. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (6)(7) = 1 (42) = 21 cm2. Multiply each 2 side of the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction. When calculating area you are ﬁnding the number of square units that cover the region. 2 2 45. not 9 cm. b. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = 1 2 bh. in square units. 47. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation to get b2 = 144. c. 46. 25 + b2 = 169. The distance around a ﬁgure is called the perimeter of the ﬁgure. which should be square meters (m2). 72 = 9h. Be careful to select the answer choice with the correct units. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = 1 2 bh. Divide both sides of the equation by 9 to get h = 8 in. which is the base side. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (12)(5) = 1 (60) = 30 m2. The area of a ﬁgure is the amount of space the object covers. b = 12. 2 2 Be aware that the height of the triangle may be located outside of the ﬁgure. a. as it was in this problem. d. where b is the base of the triangle and h is the height. 52 + b2 = 132. where b is the base of the triangle and 1 1 2 bh. The length of the base of this triangle is only 7 cm. Use the formula A = 2 bh. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (5)(4) = 1 (20) = 2 2 10 m2. b. So. use the Pythagorean theorem (a2 + b2 = c2) to ﬁnd the missing side of the right triangle. Note that the height is also a side because it is a right triangle. substitute into the formula to get 36 = 1 (9)(h). Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (10)(3) = 1 (30) = 15 cm2. h is the height. 43. 42.

which divides the triangle into two congruent right triangles.2) = 1 (39.6) = 2 2 19. 53. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (4)(3. Use b as the height. If you 2 multiply the side length 10 by 2. e. where b is the base of the triangle and 1 h is the height. 52.464) = 1 (13. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation to get b2 = 12. 51. 2 2 50. 40 square units is double the size of 20 square units.464. Use the formula A = 2 bh.5)(7. where b is the base of the equilateral 2 triangle and h is the height. 88 = 16h. c. substitute into the formula to get 44 = 1 (16)(h). the area of the triangle can be found by using the formula A = 1 bh. Since the area is given and the base is 16 in. Therefore the new area is twice as large as the original. For example. 38 .928 ≈ 6. 22 + b2 = 42.9 m2. 49. which is 20 square units. Then. 1 where b is the base of the rectangle and h is the height. The height of the triangle needs to be perpendicular to the base. which is 40 square units. the new dimensions are 20 and 4. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = where b is the base of the triangle and h is the height. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (5. height of the triangle.856) = 6. b. b. The new area is 1 of 80. b ≈ 3. So. and c = 4 (which is the hypotenuse of a right triangle). Since one dimension is doubled. a = 2 (which is half of the base side and a leg of a right triangle). By 2 comparing the new area with the original area. d. or doubled. Substitute into the formula to get A = (10)(5) = 50 m2. there is an additional factor of 2. d. Since the height is not known. The area of a rectangle can be found by the formula A = 2 bh. use a triangle with a base of 10 and height of 4. Multiply each 2 side of the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction. use the Pythagorean theorem (a2 + b2 = c2) to ﬁnd the 1 2 bh. The area is 1 of 40.8 ft2.5 inches. First.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 48. 4 + b2 = 16. Divide both sides of the equation by 16 to get h = 5. the area of this triangle cannot be determined.

Substitute into the formula to get A = (20)(20) = 400 ft2. The area of a rhombus can be found by the formula A = bh. If you multiply the each side length by 3. use a rectangle with a base of 5 and height of 6. Use b as the height. c. By comparing the new area with the original area. The area of a square can be found by the formula A = bh. 30 9 = 270. The area of a parallelogram can be found by the formula A = bh. So. the height is not known. where b is the base of the parallelogram and h is the height. 39 . Divide each side of the equation by 21 to get w = 24 ft. where b is the base of the parallelogram and h is the height. where b is the base of the square and h is the height. For example. where l is the length of the rectangular yard and w is the width. e. Substitute into the formula to get A = (25)(15) = 375 m2. The area of a parallelogram can be found by the formula A = bh. Note that the base and height are always the same measure in a square. Subtract 64 from both sides of the equation to get b2 = 225. e. substitute into the formula to get 504 = 21w. Note that a rhombus has four equal sides. It cannot be assumed that the rhombus is a square and that the consecutive sides are perpendicular. b. 60. Substitute into the formula to get A = (20)(15) = 300 m2. Therefore. 64 + b2 = 289.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 54. 59. 58. 57. which is 270 square units. b. a. 270 square units is nine times larger than 30 square units. Use the formula A = lw. The area is 5 6 = 30 square units. use the right triangle on the left of the ﬁgure and the Pythagorean theorem (a2 + b2 = c2) to ﬁnd the height. Also note that the base is 8 m + 12 m = 20 m. Since the area and length are given. First. the new dimensions are 15 and 18. so the base is 11 units and the height as shown is 9 units. where b is the base of the rhombus and h is the height. Since both dimensions are tripled. c. 82 + b2 = 172. The new area is 15 18. a = 8. the area cannot be determined. b = 225 = 15. and c = 17. Although each side of the rhombus is 30 cm. 55. Substitute into the formula to get A = (11)(9) = 99 square units. Therefore the new area is 3 3 = 9 times as large as the original. 56. there are two additional factors of 3.

Substitute into the formula to get A = (10)(12) = 120 ft2. The area of a trapezoid can be found by using the formula A = 1 2 h(b1 + b2). 112. In this case. First. Use b as the height. Since the area and the two bases are given. where l is the length of the room and w is the width. where h is the height of the trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (12)(24 + 35) = 1 (12)(59) = 1 (708) = 354 2 2 2 square units. d.5 = 1 (h)(50). e. The area of a parallelogram can be found by the formula A = bh. 120 2. 112. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 1 1 2 2 (4)(7 + 15) = 2 (4)(22) = 2 (88) = 44 m . substitute into the formula to get 112. Multiply the total area by $2. So.5 = 25h.94 = $352. where b is the base of the parallelogram and h is the height.5 cm. b = 144 = 12. 64. 2 2 Divide each side of the equation by 25 to get h = 4. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (6)(14 + 10) = 1 (6)(24) = 2 2 1 2 2 (144) = 72 in . The area of a trapezoid can be found by using the formula A = + b2). c. Note that the since the two known dimensions are perpendicular. 65. where h is the height of the trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. Note that the lengths of the parallel bases are 24 units and 35 units. 25 + b2 = 169. c. The area of a trapezoid can be found by using the formula A = + b2). the height is 6 inches and the parallel bases are 14 inches and 10 inches (14 – 4 = 10). 66.80. 4 m can be used as the base and 9 m as the height. and c = 13. Use the formula A = 2 h(b1 + b2). 1 2 h(b1 40 . e. where h is the height of the trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. ﬁnd the area of the room using the formula A = lw. 52 + b2 = 132. d. 63. where h is the height of the 1 1 2 h(b1 trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation to get b2 = 144. 62. use the right triangle on the left of the ﬁgure and the Pythagorean theorem (a2 + b2 = c2) to ﬁnd the height.94 to get the cost of the carpet.5 = 1 (h)(23 + 27). Substitute into the formula to get A = (4)(9) = 36 m2.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 61. Simplify. First. a = 5.

The area of a circle can be found by using the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle. or 5.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 67. Since an octagon has eight sides. d.14)(5. Use the formula A = 2 h(b1 + b2). 41 . a. substitute into the formula to get 28. Since the ﬁgure is a hexagon and has six sides. Use the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle. A football ﬁeld would most likely be measured in square yards. b. If the diameter is 11 inches. Since the area is given.25) = 94. Subtract 10 from each side of the equal sign to get b2 = 7. and square miles are too large. 2 2 70. then the radius is half that. b. 68. where a = length of the apothem and 1 P = the perimeter of the polygon.5 m. A = 1 (4)(18) = 1 (72) = 36 in2. Square inches and square millimeters are too small. A = (3. substitute into the formula to ﬁnd the radius.7(10 + 2 b2).7. 2 2 71. 17 = 10 + b2. so r = 42. 72.25 = r2. b. Substitute into the formula.5 inches. The area of a circle can be found by using the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle.985 ≈ 95. where a = length of the apothem and 1 P = the perimeter of the polygon. e. 160 = 5P. c.9 = 1. 42. 73. Since the area. 69. substitute into the formula to ﬁnd the perimeter of the octagon. Divide each side of the equation by 1.14)(30. where a = length of the apothem and 1 P = the perimeter of the polygon.25π = πr2. where h is the height of the 1 trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. 32 ÷ 8 = 4 cm for each side of the sign. d. Substitute into the formula. Use the formula A = 2 aP. Simplify. Divide each side of the equation by π to get 42. Since the ﬁgure is a pentagon and has ﬁve sides. Substitute into the formula. not length or area. Use the formula A = 2 aP. Since the area and the length of the apothem are given.5)2 = (3. 160 = 1 (10)P. 2 Divide each side of the equal sign by 5 to get P = 32.25 = 6. Use the formula A = 2 aP. Substitute into the formula. the perimeter is 6 × 5 = 30 cm. the height and one of the bases are given.0 in2. the perimeter is 3 × 6 = 18 in. Simplify.4)(10 + b2). 28. Square liters do not make sense since liters are a measure of capacity.9 = 1 (3. A = π(10)2 = 100π m2. 74. A = 1 (5)(30) = 1 (150) = 75 cm2.

Find the area of each section and then add the areas together to ﬁnd the total area of the ﬁgure. Since the area is given. which is half of the diameter.625 – 63.585.34 = (3. Substitute into the formula. Divide each side of the equation by 3.14)(7. the diameter is 18 inches. Asquare + A1 circle = bh + 1 πr2 = (10)(10) + 1 (3. the radius of the circle is 5 m. ﬁnd the area of each part and add the areas together. 176. 79.86. Use the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle. ﬁrst substitute into the formula to ﬁnd the radius. Multiply within each term. The ﬁgure is made up of a rectangle and trapezoid. There are approximately 113 more square inches in the large pizza. The ﬁgure is made up of a square and a half-circle. e. so r = 81 = 9 in.5)2. or 8 cm. The dog has about 154 square feet to roam in. The area of a circle can be found by using the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle. Therefore. d.14) 2 2 2 (5)2. a. Be sure to use the radius of each pizza in the formula.14)(49) = 153. Use the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle. A = (3.5) = 2 2 100 + 39. c.14)(4. 144 + 1 (6)(32) = 2 2 144 + 1 (192) = 144 + 96. Simplify the expression. 2 42 .5)2 – (3. a. Therefore.25). Evaluate exponents. (3. If the diameter is 16 cm. Arectangle + Atrapezoid = bh + 1 h(b1 + b2) = 2 (24)(6) + 1 (6)(24 + 8). The area in which the dog can roam is a circle with the center at the stake and a radius that is the length of the leash. 76. Alarge – Asmall = πr2 – πr2 = (3. To ﬁnd the difference. The square has sides that are 10 m and the diameter of the semicircle is a side of the square.14)(25) = 100 + 1 (78.25 m2. 254. 100 + 1 (3. c. Therefore the total area is 139.14)(7)2 = (3. Therefore.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 75.25. Simplify the expression.14)r2.14)(20.14)(56. ﬁnd the area of the small pizza and subtract it from the area of the large pizza. To ﬁnd the area of the ﬁgure.14 to get 81 = r2. 77.04 in2. Subtract to get 113.25) – (3. 80. Then double the length of the radius to ﬁnd the diameter. 78. A = π(8)2 = 64π cm2. the total area is 240 m2. then the radius is half that.

Ashaded = Aoutercircle – Ainnercircle = πr2 – πr2. the outer region is the circle with radius 9 cm and the inner region is the circle with radius 2 cm. 84. Substitute into the formula. b. (36)(24) – (30)(12) = 864 – 360 = 504 m2. In this ﬁgure.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 81.585 m2. In this ﬁgure. the outer region is a rectangle and the inner region is a parallelogram. The area of the shaded region is the area of the inner ﬁgure subtracted from the area of the outer ﬁgure. 43 . 82. In this ﬁgure. 83. Ashaded = Aouter – Ainner. or 4. Ashaded = Acircle – Aparallelogram = πr2 – bh. Ashaded = Aouter – Ainner.78 cm2.14)(20. Find the area of the rectangle and treat the two half-circles as a whole circle to ﬁnd the total area of the ﬁgure. units. Note that the radius of the circles is one-half of the width of the rectangle. Arectangle + Acircle = bh + πr2 = (8)(9) + (3. The area of the shaded region is the area of the inner ﬁgure subtracted from the area of the outer ﬁgure. Substitute into the formula. the outer region is a square and the inner region is a circle. π(4)2 – (3)(8) = (16π – 24)m2. the radius of the circle is one-half the length of a side of the square.25) = 72 + 63. Ashaded = Aouter – Ainner. Ashaded = Aouter – Ainner. Substitute into the formula.14) = 241. The area of the shaded region is the area of the inner ﬁgure subtracted from the area of the outer ﬁgure. The area of the shaded region is the area of the inner ﬁgure subtracted from the area of the outer ﬁgure. π(9)2 – π(2)2 = 81π – 4π = 77π. Simplify by evaluating exponents ﬁrst and then multiplying within each term. the outer region is a circle and the inner region is a parallelogram.5 m. Substitute into the formula and multiply before subtracting. c. The ﬁgure is made up of a rectangle and two half-circles of the same radius. This combines for a total area of 135. e. Ashaded = Arectangle – Aparallelogram = bh – bh. Ashaded = Asquare – Acircle = bh – πr2. 77(3.585. e. Since the circle is inscribed in the square. (8)(9) + (3. (12)(12) – π(6)2 = (144 – 36π) sq. 85. a.14)(4.5)2. In this ﬁgure.

.

which include the volume formulas for the basic geometric solids. generally speaking. The answer explanations provide a correct method of solution.Measurement— Volume This chapter contains a series of 45 questions that review another common measurement—volume. Like area. you will be expected to have these formulas memorized. These are problems that involve measuring the amount of cubic units that it takes to ﬁll a three-dimensional solid. Study the formulas. Often on multiple-choice tests. volume is also a multiplication concept. 3 45 . Volume formulas are based. Always double-check your solution. For most questions. A possible alternate method of solution may be presented that will further your knowledge and skill at solving measurement problems. regardless of whether you answered the question correctly or not. on three measurement quantities that are multiplied together to yield a measurement in cubic units. Read over the explanations for all problems. common errors that are made by a majority of people will be offered as choices.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Volume of a rectangular prism h w l V=l×w×h Volume of a cone r h V = 1 πr2h 3 46 .

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Volume of a cylinder r h V = πr2h Volume of a sphere r r V = 4 πr3 3 Volume of a pyramid h V= 1 3 area of base height 47 .

72π cm cubed c. 7 1 ft cubed 2 d. A can containing orange juice concentrate has a diameter of 6 cm and a height of 12 cm. 432π cm cubed d. 36π inches cubed 12π inches cubed 48π inches cubed 96π inches cubed 108π inches cubed 89. When measuring the volume of a box used to package a refrigerator. cubic miles e. a. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below? 3 in 4 in a. cubic cm b. 22 1 ft cubed 2 e. c. 36π cm cubed b. cubic feet d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 86. b. Find the volume of 1 the box. 25 ft cubed 88. d. what unit would you use to report the results? a. 8 1 ft cubed 2 b. 108π cm cubed e. A cardboard box measures 2 2 ft by 3 ft by 3 ft. a. 27 ft cubed c. cubic mm 48 . e. cubic inches c. Find the volume of the can. 256π cm cubed 87.

14 for π. 376. 160 ft cubed c. 150. a. What is the volume of the cone.600 ft cubed b.14 for π.24 inches cubed d. 41. 216 inches cubed e.47 cm cubed b. 82. An ice cream cone has a diameter of 4 cm and a height of 10 cm.27 cm cubed e. What is the volume of a sphere with radius 6 inches? Use 3. The trailer of a truck is a rectangular prism that measures 20 feet by 8 feet by 10 feet. 1.83 cm cubed d. a. rounded to the nearest hundredth? Use 3. Find the volume of the trailer.87 cm cubed 49 .46 cm cubed c. 200 ft cubed 91. a. 14.296 inches cubed b. 1.72 inches cubed 92. 167. 678. 904. 80 ft cubed d.32 inches cubed c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 90. 38 ft cubed e.

48π ft cubed c. A round swimming pool has a diameter of 12 feet and a height of 4 feet in all locations. d. a. 24π ft cubed b. 144π ft cubed e. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below? 4 cm 3 cm 9 cm a. c. 98π ft cubed d. 96π ft cubed 50 . e. b. 12 cm cubed 27 cm cubed 108 cm cubed 324 cm cubed 801 cm cubed 94. Find the volume of the pool.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 93.

67 ft cubed 96.186.67 ft cubed 133.76 cm cubed 401. 4.14 for π.97 cm cubed 298. rounded to the nearest hundredth? Use 3.46 cm cubed 51 . c. b.325. rounded to the nearest hundredth? 4 cm 8 cm a.48 cm cubed 133. r 10 ft a. d. c. e. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below.92 cm cubed 98. 100. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 95. d.33 ft cubed 1. b.256 ft cubed 750 ft cubed 6.

18π m cubed c.000 ft cubed 52 . 1.260 in cubed d.5π m cubed 98. 1. 9π m cubed b. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below? 5 in 5 in 5 in a. 13. 162.5π m cubed e.200 ft cubed d. 96. 25 in cubed 15 in cubed 125 in cubed 625 in cubed 75 in cubed 99.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 97. What is the volume of the cereal box? a. and the height is 14 inches.000 ft cubed e. the width is 3 inches. c. e. 46 in cubed e. The length of a cereal box is 10 inches. 41. 420 in cubed b. Find the volume of the pyramid. a. 27 in cubed c. 54π m cubed d. Find the volume of the fuel tank. 340 in cubed 100.000 ft cubed c. a. b. A pyramid in Egypt has a square base that measures 45 feet on each side and a height of 80 feet. d. A cylindrical fuel tank measures 6 m high and has a diameter of 3 m. 54. 125 ft cubed b.

e. c. d.500π cm cubed 333. 10π in cubed d. b.000π cm cubed 4. What is the volume of the sphere below? r 30 cm a. The height of the funnel is 6 inches. 16π in cubed e. The diameter of the funnel’s base is 6 inches. 3.3π cm cubed 239π cm cubed 53 . 72π in cubed c. Find the volume of the funnel. A funnel is shaped like a cone. a. 6π in cubed b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 101.375π cm cubed 36. 18π in cubed 102.

a. 343π in cubed 54 .67π in cubed 256π in cubed 104.67π in cubed 96π in cubed 166. What is the volume of the cone below. 457π in cubed b. 546π in cubed d. The radius of a ball is 7 inches. 49π in cubed c. rounded to the units (ones) place. b. Find the volume of the ball.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 103. c. d. 25π in cubed 76. 786π in cubed e. rounded to the nearest hundredth? 10 in { 20 in a. e.

75π m cubed 98. d. c. a. e.75π m cubed 106.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 105. b.896π cm cubed 2. Find the volume of the ball. e. d. b. 76. What is the volume of the cylinder below? 5m 7m a.304π cm cubed 1. d.5π m cubed 145. c. 16 m cubed 64 m cubed 32 m cubed 128 m cubed 8 m cubed 55 .104π cm cubed 340π cm cubed 107.75π m cubed 43. The radius of a basketball is 12 cm. b. What is the volume of the rectangular prism below? 2m 8m 3m a.5π m cubed 23.728π cm cubed 2. e. c. 1.

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

108. A silo is a cylinder shape. The height of the silo is 35 feet and the

diameter of the silo is 20 feet. Find the volume of the silo. a. 14,000π ft cubed b. 700π ft cubed c. 100π ft cubed d. 350π ft cubed e. 3,500π ft cubed

109. Find the volume of the pyramid below.

5 cm

3 cm 4 cm

a. b. c. d. e.

20 cm cubed 60 cm cubed 15 cm cubed 12 cm cubed 180 cm cubed

110. Find the volume of the hemisphere below.

12 m

a. b. c. d. e.

**2,304π m cubed 3,456π m cubed 1,152π m cubed 9,600π m cubed 1,200π m cubed
**

56

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

111. Find the volume of the shaded region.

3m 10 m 5m

6m

a. b. c. d. e.

120π m cubed 105π m cubed 15π m cubed 25π m cubed 108 m cubed

112. A packing box measures 6 inches high, 10 inches wide, and 5

inches long. Find the volume of the box. a. 30 in cubed b. 50 in cubed c. 60 in cubed d. 300 in cubed e. 600 in cubed

113. A piece of wood is a perfect cube. Each side of the cube measures 8

cm. Find the volume of the cube. a. 64 cm cubed b. 81 cm cubed c. 729 cm cubed d. 24 cm cubed e. 512 cm cubed

57

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

114. When measuring the volume of a car, what unit would you use to

**report the results? a. miles cubed b. mm cubed c. feet cubed d. km cubed e. cm cubed
**

115. Find the volume of the sphere below.

r 3 cm

a. b. c. d. e.

36π cm cubed 9π cm cubed 27π cm cubed 108π cm cubed 208π cm cubed

116. Find the volume of the cylinder below.

2m 2m

a. b. c. d. e.

4π m cubed 6π m cubed 12π m cubed 8π m cubed 16π m cubed

58

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

117. A can of soup measures 4 inches high and has a diameter of 2

inches. Find the volume of the can. a. 16π in cubed b. 4π in cubed c. 8π in cubed d. 32π in cubed e. 10π in cubed

118. Find the volume of the pyramid below.

8m

3m 3m

a. b. c. d. e.

72 m cubed 36 m cubed 24 m cubed 84 m cubed 96 m cubed

59

The globe below has a diameter of 14 inches. Use 3. e. b. d. e.03 in cubed 120.27 in cubed 9. 15π cm cubed 45π cm cubed 81π cm cubed 12π cm cubed 21π cm cubed 60 .672. d. Find the volume of the globe. 14 in r a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 119. 5 cm 3 cm a. 65.14 for π.17 in cubed 1.436. b. Find the volume of the cone below.33 in cubed 84 in cubed 1. c. c.654.

4 cm 10 cm a. e.47 cm cubed 301.94 cm cubed 133. 7 ft 5 ft a.67 ft cubed 122. d.14 for π. c.44 cm cubed 187. 549.5 ft cubed 811. Round your answer to the nearest hundredth. b. e. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. Use 3.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 121.27 ft cubed 781.14 for π. b. Use 3. c. 167. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. Round your answer to the nearest hundredth. d.97 cm cubed 245.78 cm cubed 61 .17 ft cubed 261.67 ft cubed 891.

a. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 123. 16π ft cubed c. 18 in cubed 36 in cubed 72 in cubed 42 in cubed 12 in cubed 62 . d. A cylindrical cement column is 10 feet tall with a radius of 2 feet. d. e. e. Find the volume of the cement column. 2 in 3 in 6 in a. b. c. 80π ft cubed 124. 20π ft cubed e. 12 m cubed 36 m cubed 39 m cubed 40 m cubed 80 m cubed 125. 100π ft cubed d. 40π ft cubed b. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. c. 10 cm 4m 3m a. b.

8. 972π m cubed 108π m cubed 324π m cubed 627π m cubed 936π m cubed 63 . 96 in cubed c. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. 6. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 126.480 in cubed d. A cabinet is a rectangular prism.246 in cubed 127. a. d. Find the volume of the cabinet if it measures 18 inches by 24 inches by 15 inches. 57 in cubed b. 10. e. c. r 9m a.246 in cubed e.

20 in cubed c. 49π cm cubed 144π cm cubed 184π cm cubed 196π cm cubed 218π cm cubed 129. 6 in 2 in 5 in a. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 128. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. e. e. b. d. b. 100 in cubed e. 60 in cubed 40 in cubed 13 in cubed 120 in cubed 20 in cubed 64 . d. 40 in cubed 130. c. 13 in cubed d. 14 cm 12 cm a. A camera came packed in a 5-inch by 4-inch by 4-inch box. 80 in cubed b. a. Find the volume of the box. c.

The radius is 6 feet (12 ÷ 2 = 6). e. 92.87 cm cubed. Therefore.5 which is equivalent to 22 1 ft 2 cubed. 2. c. c. 90.186. the radius of the cone is 2 cm (4 ÷ 2 = 2). divide the diameter in half. Cubic miles are too large. inches.000) = 4. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. V = (20)(8)(10) = 1.600 ft cubed. 288 × 3. divide the diameter by 2. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a sphere. V = 4 π (103) = 4 (3. a. and mm are too small. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. 87. Therefore. V = (9)(3)(4) = 108 cm cubed. Notice that the diameter has been given instead of the radius. when rounded to the 3 nearest hundredth.14 for 3 3 π.5 can be used for 2 2 to make calculations on a calculator easier. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. V = 4 π(63) = 4 π(216) = 288π inches cubed.32 inches cubed. d. V = π (62)(4) = π(36)(4) = 144π ft cubed. Cubic cm. 89. 88. d. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a sphere. a.5)(3)(3) = 22. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a rectangular prism.14)(1. 65 . V = π(3)2 (12) = π(9)(12) = 108π . Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a rectangular prism.14)(4)(10) = 41. V = (2.14 = 904. when 3 3 rounded to the nearest hundredth.67 ft cubed. 91. Using 3. To ﬁnd the radius. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by two. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. Notice that the diameter has been given instead of the radius.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 86. 94. Cubic feet is the correct answer. the radius is 3 cm (6 ÷ 2 = 3). b. 95. The formula uses the radius. V = π(32 )(4) = π(9)(4) = 36π inches cubed. 93. a. V = 1 π 3 (22)(10) = 1 (3. d. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a 1 rectangular prism. To ﬁnd the radius.

Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone.500π cm cubed. 100. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2.5). 3 3 rounded to the nearest hundredth. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. V = π(2. 66 . Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2.5). V = (10)(3)(14) = 420 inches cubed. d. V = 3 π(73) = 3 π(343) = 457π inches cubed. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a cylinder. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. 3 3 102.5 (5 ÷ 2 = 2.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 96. The radius is 2. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius.5 (3 ÷ 2 = 1. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cylinder.97 cm cubed. The radius is 3 (6 ÷ 2 = 3). 3 3 103. V = 1 (45)(45)(80) = 54. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a sphere. a. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. 105.000 ft cubed.25)(7) = 43.52)(7) = π(6.52)(6) = π(2. V = 1 π(42)(8) = 1 (3. The radius is 15 (30 ÷ 2 = 15).75π m cubed. V = 1 π(52)(20) = 1 π(25)(20) = 166. 97. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. b.25)(6) = 13. b. The radius is 5 (10 ÷ 2 = 5). Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. The radius is 1. e. b. d. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. V = π(1. a. V = (5)(5)(5) = 125 inches cubed.67π inches cubed. V = 1 π(32)(6) = 1 π(9)(6) = 18π inches cubed. V = 4 π(153) = 4 π(3. c. 104. when 3 3 rounded the nearest hundredth.375) = 4. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2.5π m cubed. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a pyramid. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a cone. rounded to the units place. c. 99. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius.14)(16)(8) = 133. 98. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a 4 4 sphere. 3 101.

111. b. d. V = 4 π(33) = 4 π(27) = 36π cm cubed. The radius is 10 feet (20 ÷ 2 = 10). Miles and km are too large. 67 . V = π(22)(2) = π(4)(2) = 8π m cubed. 2. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a sphere. e. a. 3 110. c. A hemisphere is half of a sphere. The volume of a sphere with a radius of 12 m is V = 4 π(123) 3 4 = 3 π(1. divide the volume of the sphere with the same radius by 2. e. Find the volume of the entire cone (radius of 6 m and height of 10 m).501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 106. a. 3 3 107. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cylinder. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. 108. The volume of the entire cone is V = 1 2 3 π(6 )(10) = 120π m cubed. Divide this volume by 2 to ﬁnd the volume of the hemisphere. To ﬁnd the volume of the hemisphere. V = 1 (4)(3)(5) = 20 cm cubed. width. c. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a sphere.728) = 2. The length. 113. c. non-shaded cone is V = 1 π(32)(5) = 1 π(9)(5) = 15π m cubed. 120π – 15π = 105π m cubed. V = (10)(6)(5) = 300 inches cubed. then subtract the small. non-shaded cone (radius of 3 m and height of 5 m).152π m cubed. Entire Cone – 3 3 Small Cone = Shaded Portion. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. 109.304π m cubed. d. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. The volume of the small. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a pyramid. 115. V = (8)(2)(2) = 32 m cubed. 114. V = 4 π(123) = 4 π(1728) = 2. b. Feet cubed is the appropriate unit of measure. 112. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius.500π ft cubed. The volume of the cube (a special type of rectangular prism) is V = (8)(8)(8) = 512 cm cubed. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a rectangular prism. Millimeters and centimeters cubed are too small. 3 3 116. V = π(102)(35) = π(100)(35) = 3.304π ÷ 2 = 1.304π cm cubed. and height of the cube are all 8 cm.

V = 3 π(73) = 3 (3. Add the volume of the hemisphere to the volume of the cylinder. V = 1 π(32)(5) = 1 π(9)(5) = 15π cm cubed. 3 3 121. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder.33 ft cubed. Divide the volume of the sphere by 2.5 + 261. 3 119. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder to ﬁnd the volume of the bottom part of the ﬁgure.436. 68 . A can of soup is a cylinder shape. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. The given shape has two parts. 549. 120. 118.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 117. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. rounded to the nearest hundredth.67 ft cubed.67 = 811. 3 523. Find both parts and add their volumes together to ﬁnd the volume of the entire ﬁgure. V = 4 π(53) = 3 4 π(125) = 523. V = π(52)(7) = π(25)(7) = 549. rounded to the nearest hundredth. The globe is a sphere. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. a. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a pyramid.14)(343) = 1.17 ft cubed. The radius of the hemisphere is 5 ft.5 ft cubed. the cylinder bottom and a hemisphere (half a sphere) top. V = π(12)(4) = π(1)(4) = 4π inches cubed. Find the volume of a sphere with the same radius and divide it by 2 to ﬁnd the volume of the hemisphere. The 4 4 radius is 7 inches (14 ÷ 2 = 7). The radius is 1 inch (2 ÷ 2 = 1). V = 1 (3)(3)(8) = 24 m cubed. b. b. c. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a sphere.03 inches cubed. e.33 ÷ 2 = 261.

V = (18)(24)(15) = 6. The box is a rectangular prism. 3 125. Add the volume of the hemisphere to the volume of the cone.44 cm cubed. 127. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. 3 3 Divide the volume of the sphere by 2.97 = 301. a. rounded to the nearest hundredth. e. V = 1 (5)(2)(6) = 20 inches cubed.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 122. V = 1 (3)(4)(10) = 40 m cubed. 3 3 128.47 + 133. Find the volume of a sphere with the same radius and divide it by 2 to ﬁnd the volume of the hemisphere. V = 1 π(72)(12) = 1 π(49)(12) = 196π cm cubed. b. 124. V = (6)(3)(2) = 36 inches cubed. Note that that diameter is given instead of the radius. V = π(22)(10) = π(4)(10) = 40π ft cubed. a. rounded to the nearest hundredth. a. Find the volume of both parts and add their volumes together to ﬁnd the volume of the entire ﬁgure. 123. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. 167.14)(64) = 267. b. The cement column is a cylinder. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a pyramid.480 inches cubed. d.95 cm cubed. d.47 cm cubed. the cone bottom and a hemisphere (half a sphere) top. V = 4 π(93) = 4 π(729) = 972π m cubed. V = 1 1 2 3 π(4 )(10) = 3 π(16)(10) = 167. c. V = 4 π(43) = 4 (3.97 cm cubed. 3 69 . Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. The radius is 7 cm (14 ÷ 2 = 7). 126. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a sphere. The given shape has two parts. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. 3 3 129. 267. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a pyramid. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone to find the volume of the bottom part of the figure. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a rectangular prism. 130. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cylinder.95 ÷ 2 = 133. V = (5)(4)(4) = 80 inches cubed.

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the answer explanations give detailed methods of solving a variety of problems. You will be expected to know these relationships and vocabulary. you will effectively review the concepts that deal with angles and arc. In addition to the formula sheet. and. By working through the problems in this chapter. like angles. Arcs are not measured by a protractor. Look over the formulas that follow to review these aspects of angles. An arc is a part of a circle. but are calculated from information about related angles in the interior or exterior of the circle.Measurement— Angles and Arc Angles are one of the basic geometric ﬁgures. There are various angle pairs that have special relationships. Angles are classiﬁed and named according to their degree size. 4 71 . is measured in degrees. A protractor measures angles.

The sum of the measures of two supplementary angles is 180°. ∠2 ∠4 72 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Types of Angles Acute—measures between 0° and 90° Obtuse—measures between 90° and 180° Right—measures exactly 90° Straight—measures exactly 180° Reﬂex—measures more than 180° The sum of the measures of two complementary angles is 90°. Vertical angles formed by two intersecting lines are congruent. 1 4 3 2 ∠1 ∠3.

∠1 ∠8. ∠1 ∠5. ∠2 Corresponding angles are congruent. ∠4 Alternate exterior angles are congruent. 73 . ∠6. ∠7. ∠3 ∠6. ∠2 ∠4 ∠8. ∠2 ∠3. ∠5 Angles of polygons ∠5. ∠7. Vertical angles are congruent. ∠3 ∠8. 1 3 5 7 8 6 4 2 Alternate interior angles are congruent. ∠1 ∠4. ∠6 ∠7.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions There are special angle pairs formed by two parallel lines cut by a transversal. Sum of the interior angles is 180(n – 2) where n is the number of sides. Sum of the exterior angles is always 360°.

A 60˚ C 60˚ B Measure of an inscribed angle is one-half the measure of the intercepted arc. A 50˚ 25˚ C B 74 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Arc measure Measure of a central angle is equal to the measure of the intercepted arc.

or a tangent and a secant is equal to half the difference of the intercepted arcs.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Measure of an angle formed by two intersecting chords in a circle is equal to half the sum of the intercepted arcs. D E D x B C A x C x A A B B C 2 secants 1 + + m∠DEC = 2 (m AB – m CD) 2 tangents 1 + + m∠BDA = 2 (m ACB – m AB ) tangent and secant 1 + + m∠BDC = 2 (m AB – m BC) 75 . D A O x B C + + m∠ACB = 1 (m AB – m CD) 2 Measure of an angle in the exterior of a circle formed by two secants. two tangents.

134. obtuse angle. 76 . Which of the following units is used to measure angles? a. exactly 90°. acute angle. d. meters inches square inches degrees pixels 132. right angle. c. reﬂex angle. e. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 131. c. c. e. obtuse angle. A right angle is an angle that measures a. An angle that measures 65° can be classiﬁed as a(n) a. more than 180°. d. b. straight angle. e. e. b. acute angle. b. reﬂex angle. d. right angle. exactly 180°. less than 90°. more than 90°. b. d. The angle in the ﬁgure below can be best described as a(n) a. straight angle. 133.

measuring tape d. protractor c. straight angle. e. b. 30° 45° 60° 90° 180° 137. which measurement tool should you use? a. thermometer e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 135. reﬂex angle. What is the sum of the measure of an angle and its complement? a. e. acute angle. scale 77 . it can be classiﬁed as a(n) a. d. b. right angle. obtuse angle. When measuring the number of degrees in an angle. If an angle measures between 180° and 360°. ruler b. e. d. 136. d. 35° 45° 55° 90° 145° 138. c. What is the measure of ∠ABD in the following diagram? A D 35˚ B C a. b. c. c.

d. 15° 25° 35° 115° 135° 140. 30° 20° 10° 110° none of these 141. d. b. what is the measure of ∠D? C 40˚ D a. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 139. What is the measure of the complement of a 70° angle? a. d. what is the measure of ∠B? 65˚ A B a. If the angles in the following diagram are complementary. e. b. c. e. If the angles in the diagram are supplementary. c. c. b. 50° 60° 100° 140° 160° 78 .

90° 25° 125° 135° 115° 144. What is the measure of ∠ABD in the following diagram? D 65˚ A B C a. c. b. e. 90° 77° 67° 57° 180° 143. e. d. d. d. What is the measure of ∠1 in the following diagram? 40˚ 1 a. 10° 40° 50° 140° 110° 79 . b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 142. c. What is the measure of the supplement of a 123° angle? a. b. c. e.

25° 35° 65° 155° 115° 146.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 145. b. c. e. b. c. e. What is the measure of ∠1 in the following diagram? 42˚ 1 a. d. 42° 48° 52° 58° 138° 80 . What is the measure of ∠1 in the following diagram? 25˚ 1 a. d.

b. If ray BD bisects ∠ABC and the measure of ∠ABD is 30°. What is the measure of ∠WXZ? a. c. e. 37.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 147. Ray XZ bisects ∠WXY. 15° b. the measure of ∠WXZ = 2x and the measure of ∠YXZ = x + 75. 150° 81 . 15° 30° 45° 60° 120° j 148. what is j the measure of ∠ABC? A D 30˚ B C a. d. 45° d. 75° e.5° c.

c. e. 151. b. Which of the following angles are supplementary to ∠5? a. 82 . ∠3. b. c. 1 2 4 5 3 60˚ 149. c. e. d. b. and ∠4 150. What is the measure of ∠1? a. Which of the angles shown in the diagram are congruent to ∠4? a. e. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Use the following diagram of two parallel lines cut by a transversal for questions 149–151. 60° 90° 130° 120° 140° ∠1 ∠3 both ∠1 and ∠3 both ∠2 and ∠5 ∠2 ∠2 ∠3 Both ∠3 and ∠4 Both ∠1 and ∠2 ∠1. d.

c.5 83 . Given the following diagram of two parallel lines cut by a transversal. 0 5 7. what is the value of x? 2x + 100 4x + 85 a.5 15 2. b. e. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 152. c. which angle is an alternate interior angle with respect to ∠2? 1 2 3 5 4 6 a. d. In the following diagram of two parallel lines cut by a transversal. e. ∠1 ∠3 ∠4 ∠5 ∠6 153. b.

12° b. 165° 157. In ΔABC. b. c. what is the measure of base angle ∠Z? X 50˚ Y Z a. What is the measure of ∠P? a. 50° 65° 75° 130° 32. 90° 180° 108° 360° 540° 84 . What is the measure of ∠C? a. and the measure of ∠O is 95°. e. d. 85° d. If the vertex angle of isosceles triangle XYZ measures 50°. What is the sum of the interior angles of a regular pentagon? a. the measure of ∠A is 32° and the measure of ∠B is 78°.5° 156. 78° e. the measure of ∠N is 90°. 70° d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 154. 20° c. d. In quadrilateral MNOP. b. c. 65° b. e. 75° c. the measure of ∠M is 110°. 105° e. 250° 155.

180° d. 108° 160. 72° c. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 158. 360° 540° 85 . 120° 159. The sum of the measures of the arcs that form a circle is always a. 90°. c. 90° e. d. 720° e. 60° 90° 180° 120° 30° 161. 45° b. What is the sum of the degree measure of the exterior angles of a regular octagon? a. 72° b. 270°. c. b. What is the measure of an exterior angle of an equilateral triangle? x a. What is the degree measure of one interior angle of a regular hexagon? a. 90° c. 360° d. d. b. 180°. e.

∠ACB is a central angle.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 162. b. + 163. c. What is the measure of AB? A C 60˚ B a. is always 90°. The measure of an arc intercepted by a central angle of a circle a. e. 15° 30° 60° 90° 120° 86 . e. cannot be determined. is equal to the central angle. is twice the degree measure of the central angle. c. is one-half of the central angle. d. d. b.

d. Central angle ∠XYZ intercepts minor XZ. 70° 55° 220° 250° 110° 87 . c. If the measure of XZ is 110°. e. what is the measure of ∠XYZ? Y X Z 110˚ a. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions + + 164.

not related to 88 . The measure of central angle ∠AOB is 90°. e. four-times e. d. twice c. The measure of an inscribed angle is ———————— the measure of the arc it intercepts. What is the measure of major ACB? B A O C a. c. 45° 90° 180° 270° 360° 166.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 165. one-half d. equal to b. a. b.

c. Within a circle.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions + 167. 12. 75° e. inscribed angle ∠ABC intercepts AC. 15° 30° 45° 60° none of these 168. 50° d. 100° 89 . b. In the following diagram.5° b. 25° c. what is the measure of ∠ABC? A 30˚ P B C a. e. What is the measure of XZ? a. inscribed ∠XYZ has a measure of 25° and + + intercepts minor XZ. If + the measure of AC is 30°. d.

d. the ratio of the arcs WX : + : + : ZW + is 2 : 2 : 1 : 1. e. c. What is the measure of XY? Y X Z W a. CD is a diameter of the circle and BA is a + + radius. 125° 62.5° 55° 180° + XY YZ + 170. c.5° 27. In the following ﬁgure. b. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 169. In the following ﬁgure. d. what is the measure of AD? 125˚ A C B D a. 60° 30° 120° 90° 180° 90 . If the measure of AC is 125°. e.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 171. Use the following circle to ﬁnd the measure of ∠YPZ. c. d. X O Y P Z 75˚ W 35˚ a. d. e. c. e. b. 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 172. b. Given that AC is a diameter of the circle below. what is the + measure of AB? B C 70˚ O A D 110˚ a. 60° 140° 70° 110° 150° 91 .

60° 30° 120° 15° 35° 92 . e. what is the measure of ∠AED? B A E D 20˚ 50˚ C a. 30° 15° 60° 120° 75° 174. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 173. e. Given the following ﬁgure with two secants drawn to the circle. what is the measure of ∠ACB? A C 150˚ P B a. b. c. d. d. Given the following ﬁgure with two tangents drawn to the circle. b.

50° 85° 60° 110° 25° 93 . b. c. d. what is the measure of ∠ADB? 110˚ A C 60˚ B D a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 175. Given the following ﬁgure with one tangent and one secant drawn to the circle. e.

d. Meters. If two angles are complementary. 135. 134. b. Subtract 180 – 40 to get the measure of ∠D. A right angle is an angle that measures exactly 90°. If two angles are supplementary. inches. d. Both a ruler and measuring tape are used to measure length. Since this angle is greater than 90° but less than 180° it is an obtuse angle. If two angles are supplementary. b. If two angles are complementary. Subtract 90 – 70 to get the measure of the complement. A protractor is used to measure the degrees of an angle. the sum of their angle measures is 180°. which is 57°. 133. the sum of their angle measures is 180°. If two angles are complementary. 136. d. which is 25°. 142. 138. and pixels are all units of length and square inches are a measure of area. c. the sum of their angle measures is 90°. 137. d. Since the two angles together form a right angle and a right angle always measures 90°. An angle that measures more than 180° is called a reﬂex angle.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 131. 132. 140. 139. Subtract 180 – 123 to get the measure of the supplement. the measure of an angle and its complement is 90°. the sum of their angle measures is 90°. b. An angle that measures between 0° and 90° is called an acute angle. which is 140°. c. 90 – 35 = 55°. 94 . the sum of their angle measures is 90°. Therefore. which is 20°. Degrees are used to measure angles. Subtract 90 – 65 to get the measure of ∠ABC. 141. d. b. subtract to ﬁnd the measure of ∠ABD. c. A thermometer is used to measure temperature and a scale measures the weight of an object.

The angle labeled 60° and ∠1 form a straight angle. 145. or 60°. b. The two angles in the diagram together form a straight angle. 151. The angle labeled 40° and ∠1 are vertical angles. d. A ray that bisects an angle divides the angle into two equal parts. The measure of ∠1 is 40°. Subtract x from both sides of the equation: 2x – x = x – x + 75. Alternate interior angles are two angles located between two parallel lines on opposite sides of the transversal. ∠3 is congruent to ∠4 because they are alternate interior angles. c. the measure of the two resulting j angles ∠WXZ and ∠YXZ are equal.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 143. so they are congruent. The same two intersecting lines form the angle labeled 25° and ∠1 in the diagram. then the measure of the entire angle ∠ABC is twice that. 150. Therefore. b. subtract 180 – (42 + 90). Subtract 180 – 65 to ﬁnd the measure of ∠ABD. ∠1 is congruent to ∠4 because they are corresponding angles. Write the equation: 2x = x + 75. The angle labeled 42°. 148. So. 152. 144. e. Since ∠4 forms a straight angle with ∠5. they are supplementary angles. e. set the two expressions for the angles equal to each other and solve for x. which is 115°. Subtract 180 – 60 to ﬁnd the measure of ∠1. ∠1 and ∠4 are corresponding angles. To ﬁnd the measure of ∠1. The value of ∠WXZ is 2x = 2(75) = 150°. e. 149. 180 – 132 = 48°. Since ray XZ bisects ∠WXY. b. the angle marked a right angle. Any angle congruent to ∠4 will also be supplementary to ∠5. x = 75. d. therefore their measures are equal. ∠2 and ∠3 are alternate interior angles. If the measure of ∠ABD is 30°. and ∠1 together form a straight angle. so they are also congruent. The measure of ∠1 is 25°. which is 120°. the two angles are supplementary. ∠3 and ∠4 are alternate interior angles. and therefore the sum of their angle measures is 180°. 147. they are vertical angles and have the same measure. Therefore. which is equal to 180°. 146. 95 . Therefore. a.

Therefore. so subtract the measure of the vertex angle from 180 to ﬁnd the remaining degrees of the triangle. Subtract 2x from each side of the equal sign. 159. 155. Therefore. e. Therefore. 180 – 50 = 130. 2x + 100 = 4x + 85. 15 = 2x. b. Subtract the sum of the two known angles from 180 to ﬁnd the missing angle. 720 ÷ 6 = 120°. 100 = 2x + 85. c. The sum of the degree measure of the exterior angles of any polygon is 360°. Write an equation setting the expressions for each angle equal to each other and solve for x. e. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of any polygon can be found using the formula 180(n – 2) where n is the number of sides of the polygon. c. the number of degrees in the interior angles of a pentagon are 180(5 – 2) = 180(3) = 540. the number of degrees in the interior angles of a hexagon are 180(6 – 2) = 180(4) = 720.5. 96 . Subtract the sum of the known angles of the quadrilateral from 360 to ﬁnd the measure of ∠P. divide 130 by 2 to ﬁnd the measure of ∠Z. one of the base angles. 360 – (110 + 90 + 95) = 360 – 295 = 65°. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of any polygon can be found using the formula 180(n – 2) where n is the number of sides of the polygon. First ﬁnd the measure of the sum of the interior angles of a hexagon. 100 – 85 = 2x + 85 – 85. Subtract 85 from each side of the equation and combine like terms. the number of degrees in the interior angles of a quadrilateral are 180(4 – 2) = 180(2) = 360. Since the base angles of an isosceles triangle are congruent. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of a triangle is 180. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of a triangle is 180. 130 ÷ 2 = 65°.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 153. c. Divide each side of the equation by 2 to get x = 7. divide 720 by 6 to ﬁnd the measure of one interior angle. 157. The angles labeled in the diagram are alternate exterior angles so their measures are equal. 158. 180 – (78 + 32) = 180 – 110 = 70. a. 156. Simplify. Since a regular hexagon has six congruent sides and six congruent angles. 154. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of any polygon can be found using the formula 180(n – 2) where n is the number of sides of the polygon. 2x – 2x + 100 = 4x – 2x + 85.

164. a. The sum of the measures of the arcs that form a full circle is always 360°. e. 97 . To ﬁnd the measure of the angle. Therefore. a. 165. An inscribed angle is an angle with its vertex on the circle and whose sides are chords of the circle. the measure of the intercepted AB is equal to the + measure of the angle. So. Therefore. 166. Since ∠XYZ is a + central angle. An inscribed angle is an angle with its vertex on the circle and whose sides are chords of the circle. A central angle of a circle is an angle whose vertex is the center of the circle and whose sides are radii of the circle. The interior angles are congruent. Since the sum of the degree measure of the exterior angles of any polygon is 360. so therefore the exterior angles are also congruent. c. arcs of the circle. The measure of an inscribed angle is equal to one-half the measure of the arc it intercepts. An equilateral triangle has three congruent sides and three congruent angles. the measure of AB is 60°. The measure of an inscribed angle is equal to one-half the measure of the arc it intercepts. d. c. The measure of the central angle is always equal to the arc of the circle that it intercepts. the measure of ∠ABC is 1 of 30. A central angle of a circle is an angle whose vertex is the center of the circle and whose sides are radii of the circle. Since ∠ACB is a + central angle. + Since the measure of AC is 30°.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 160. d. d. 161. 360 ÷ 3 = 120°. which is 360. the measure of the intercepted XZ is equal to the measure of the angle. Since (AOB is a + central angle. 163. 360 – 90 = 270°. 2 or 15°. divide 360 by 3 to ﬁnd the measure of one exterior angle of an equilateral triangle. 162. the measure of ∠XYZ is 110°. A central angle of a circle is an angle whose vertex is the center of the circle and whose sides are radii of the circle. the measure of the intercepted AB is equal to the + is 90°. the measure of AB measure of major A+ subtract 90 from the total degrees in the CB. 167. A central angle of a circle is an angle whose vertex is the center of the circle and whose sides are radii of the circle.

Multiply each side of the equal sign by 2 to get 140 = 110 + + (measure of BC). AD + or 180°. the measure of XZ is twice the measure of the angle. The measure of an angle formed by two intersecting chords in a circle is equal to half the sum of the intercepted arcs. 2x + 2x + 1x + 1x = 360. The + + intercepted arcs XW and YZ measure 75° and 35°. a. d. the measure of C+ is one-half of 360. Use this fact and multiply each of the values in the ratio by x to write an equation. subtract 125 from 180 + to ﬁnd the measure of AD. The measure of an inscribed angle is equal to one-half the measure of the arc it intercepts. use the measures of the known arcs and angles + ﬁrst to help ﬁnd the measure of AB. 173. 170. respectively. Since the measure of ∠BOC is 70° 1 + + and the intercepted AD is 110°. the measure of ABC + is equal to 180 – 30 = 150°. Find half of the difference of the two arcs. then 70 = 2 (110 + measure of BC). or 50°. Since the value of XY is 2x. The measure of an angle formed by two intersecting chords in a circle is equal to half the sum of the intercepted arcs. Divide + each side of the equation by 6. Therefore. Since CD is a diameter of the circle. In this problem. 1 1 2 (210 – 150) = 2 (60) = 30°. x = 60. Subtract 110 from each side to get 30 = measure + + of BC. 180 – 125 = 55°. The measure of an angle in the exterior of a circle formed by two 98 . = 180°. 171. Combine like terms. which is 360 – 150 = 210°. c. it divides the circle into two congruent parts. c. + Since the measure of ∠XYZ is 25°. Half of the sum of the intercepted arcs can be expressed as 1 1 2 (75 + 35) = 2 (110) = 55°. Since the measure of AC is 125°. 2(60) = 120°. the measure of ∠YPZ is 55°. Since AC is a diameter of the circle. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 168. An inscribed angle is an angle with its vertex on the circle and whose sides are chords of the circle. the measure of AB tangents is equal to half the difference of the intercepted arcs. The sum of all of the arcs of a circle equals 360°. which is 150°. The + + two intercepted arcs are AB. Therefore. Thus. 6x = 360. e. 169. The measure of ∠ACB is 30°. and APB. 172.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 174. The + + two intercepted arcs are AD. which is 110°. e. 175. Find half of the difference of the two arcs. which is 50°. 2 (50 – 20) = 1 (30) = 2 15°. The two intercepted arcs are AB. 1 Find half of the difference of the two arcs. The measure of an angle in the exterior of a circle formed by two secants is equal to half the difference of the intercepted arcs. The measure of ∠AED is 15°. and BC. The measure of ∠ADB is 25°. + and AC. which is 20°. d. The measure of an angle in the exterior of a circle formed by a tangent and a secant is equal to half the difference of the + intercepted arcs. which is 60°. 1 1 2 (110 – 60) = 2 (50) = 25°. 99 .

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Time is measured in many different forms. in planning a day. 101 . you have the common sense to know that the answer will be a number much larger than two. hours. days and weeks are important. a human lifetime can be measured in decades or years. and even seconds become critical. In planning a vacation. After solving a problem. be sure to use common sense and ask yourself if the answer you arrive at is reasonable. The history of a country can be measured in centuries. as in the example above. Many of the problems will require you to make more than one conversion to arrive at a solution. minutes.5 Conversion—Time This chapter covers time conversions. If a question asks how many seconds are in two hours. hours would be ﬁrst converted to minutes and then minutes to seconds. By the “time’’ you ﬁnish this chapter you will have mastered this type of conversion. Try these questions and read over the answer explanations. for example.

100 years e. 150 minutes 177. 90 minutes b. 15 years b. 200 seconds d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 176. 120 seconds e. 200 years b. e. 6 years e. 120 minutes e. 64 seconds c. 60 minutes c. 100 minutes d. Michael takes four minutes to shave each morning. 30 years 102 . 24 minutes 1. 30 years d. 400 seconds 178. 60 years c. How many minutes are there in 12 hours? a. How many minutes did it take her to ﬁnish her homework? a. Bill worked for a steel manufacturer for three decades. d. 12 years 179.200 minutes 720 minutes 180. It took Kaitlyn two hours to ﬁnish her homework. b. How many seconds does Michael spend shaving each morning? a. 240 seconds b. 50 years c.440 minutes 36 minutes 1. c. How many years did Bill work for the steel manufacturer? a. Millie’s ancestors ﬁrst arrived in the United States exactly two centuries ago. How many years ago did Millie’s ancestors arrive in the United States? a. 20 years d.

200 days b. 30 minutes b. 150 minutes d. How many minutes did the class have to ﬁnish the exam? a. 6 hours 185. 400 days c. Rita is eight decades old. 624 days d. d. 14. How many days are there in a leap year? a. d. 24 hours c. b. 90 minutes c. e. Dias gave her math class exactly 1 2 hours to complete their ﬁnal exam. 120 minutes 183.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 181. 60 minutes e. Mrs. 750 days 103 . c. How many days comprise two years (assume that neither year is a leap year)? a. Lucy spent 240 minutes working on her art project. 375 days 366 days 364 days 325 days 397 days 1 182. 2 hours e. 4 hours d. e. 40 years old 16 years old 64 years old 48 years old 80 years old 184. How many years old is Rita? a. b. How many hours did she spend on the project? a.400 hours b. 730 days e. c.

d. 80 seconds d. Jessica is 17 years old today. b. c. c. e. d. 60 seconds e. c. 4 years c. 180 seconds b. How many months old is she? a. 6 years d. d. 12 years b. 10 years e. b. 204 months 255 months 300 months 221 months 272 months 187. 175 seconds c. e. How many years are there in ﬁve centuries? a. 210 seconds 190. How many hours are there in one week? a. 15 years 188. How many years was Lou in the Army? a. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 186. How many seconds is the popcorn microwaved? a. b. 168 hours 120 hours 84 hours 144 hours 96 hours 104 . Popcorn is microwaved for 3 2 minutes. Lou just completed 48 months of service in the Army. 35 years 125 years 250 years 400 years 500 years 1 189.

A scientist has spent the past two decades studying a speciﬁc type of frog.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 191.520 seconds is equivalent to how many minutes? a. e. How many hours did he sleep? a. How many years has the scientist spent studying this frog? a. 84 minutes 42 minutes 151. c. Josh slept 540 minutes last night. c. 10 years b. How many hours are in ﬁve days? a. How many years has he lived in his house? a. 11 years e. b. 2. 60 hours 100 hours 120 hours 240 hours 600 hours 193. e. 9 years 192. 30 years 195. 5 years c. d. 9 hours 8 hours 7 hours 6 hours 5 hours 105 . 2 years b. 15 years d. d. Marty has lived in his house for 156 weeks. b. c. b. 3 years d.200 minutes 126 minutes 252 minutes 194. e. 12 years c. d. 20 years e.

300 decades b. 3 decades c.400 seconds 72.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 196. Today is Rosa’s seventh birthday. How many decades have they been married? a. b. How many decades are in ﬁve centuries? a. b. d. e.000 seconds 7. 84 months 70 months 74 months 90 months 104 months 106 . 600 decades 198. Jacob is 7. c. 120 days 5 days 24 days 36 days 2 days 199. e.200 seconds 197. d. 6 decades e. 120 seconds 240 seconds 2. b. b. d. c. Betsy and Tim have been married 30 years. e. d. c. 500 decades 100 decades 40 decades 50 decades 25 decades 200. How many months old is Rosa? a. How many days old is Jacob? a.200 minutes old. e. c. How many seconds are in two hours? a. 10 decades d.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 201.000 seconds 960 seconds 107 . 8. d. 3. 40 days e.000 seconds b. How many seconds long is the class? a. d. 45 days b. 5.400 seconds d. How many days until Peter goes on vacation? a. 10 decades e. How many seconds are there in nine hours? a.400 seconds 540 seconds 60 seconds 44. How many decades has Guy worked at his current job? a. 32.300 seconds 202. c. 2 decades d. e. Kyra’s biology class is 55 minutes long. b. 35 days d.600 seconds e. 3. Peter is going on vacation in exactly ﬁve weeks. 50 days 205. e.400 seconds c. 20 decades b. Two hundred and forty months have passed since Guy started his current job. c. 4 decades c. 30 days c. 60 months 720 months 48 months 660 months 960 months 203. 12 decades 204. How many months are there in six decades? a. 4. b.

How many months have passed since Joan’s house was built? a.200 months c. 96 minutes c. 8. 3 years e. 108 minutes d.400 months 108 . 200 months b. Two centuries have passed since Joan’s house was built.000 months e. Lois spent a total of four hours working on her science project. 48 minutes b. 1. 2. 10. 2 years 207. Wendy took out a car loan for 60 months. How many years is the loan? a. 240 minutes 208. 6 years b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 206. 220 minutes e. How many minutes did Lois spend on the project? a. 4 years d.400 months d. 5 years c.

240 minutes ÷ 60 minutes = 4 hours. 182. Multiply the number of years in a century by the given number of centuries. e. February 29. 1 1 hours 60 minutes = 90 minutes. e. 181. There are 240 seconds in 4 minutes. Two centuries is 200 years. c. There are 60 seconds in one minute. 8 decades 10 years = 80 years. 1 1 hours is 2 equivalent to 90 minutes. There are 60 minutes in an hour. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 176. b. so a leap year has 366 days. Multiply the number of minutes in an hour by the given number of hours. 109 . Three decades is 30 years. Divide the total number of minutes by the number of minutes in an hour. There are 60 minutes in an hour. Multiply the number of years in a decade by the given number of decades. There are 60 minutes in each hour. 12 hours minutes = 720 minutes. Multiply the number of seconds in a minute by the given number of minutes. There are 10 years in a decade. there are 720 minutes in 12 hours. Therefore. a. A leap year happens every four years and it has one more day than a regular year. d. 183. 2 hours 60 minutes = 120 minutes. a. Multiply the number of years in a decade by the given number of decades. 177. there are 120 minutes in 2 hours. 2 You can also think of it as one hour (60 minutes) plus another 1 2 hour (30 minutes) which is a total of 90 minutes. There are 4 hours in 240 minutes. Eight decades is therefore 80 years. 3 decades 10 years = 30 years. c. A decade is ten years. 179. 184. An hour has 60 minutes. A regular year has 365 days. Therefore. 60 180. Multiply the number of minutes in an hour by the given number of hours. 2 centuries 100 years = 200 years. 4 minutes 60 seconds = 240 seconds. Multiply the number of minutes in an hour by the given number of hours. 178. There are 100 years in a century.

192. Divide the total number of months by the number of months in a year. e. There are 60 seconds in a minute. 193. Next. 48 months ÷ 12 months = 4 years. 7 days 24 hours = 168 hours. 188. There are 60 seconds in a minute. There are 120 hours in 5 days. there are 210 seconds in 3 1 minutes. 5 days 24 hours = 120 hours. Multiply the number of days in a year by the given number of years. b. There are 204 months in 17 years. There are 3 years in 156 weeks. Each year is made up of 52 weeks. Divide the total number of weeks by the number of weeks in a year. 365 days years = 730 days. Multiply the number of years in a century by the given number of centuries. d. 190. There are 210 seconds in 3 1 minutes. First. 17 years 12 months = 204 months. Multiply the number of seconds in a minute by the given number of minutes. 2. a. there are seven days in a week. there are 24 hours in each of those days. c. You can also think of it as 180 seconds in 3 minutes (3 minutes 60 seconds = 180 seconds) plus 30 seconds in 1 a 2 minute (1\2 minute 60 seconds = 30 seconds). a. 3 1 minutes 60 seconds = 210 2 2 seconds. Multiply the number of hours in a day by the given number of days. b. A year is 365 days. 2 186. Divide the total number of seconds by the number of seconds in a minute. there are 168 hours in a week. Multiply the number of days in one week by the number of hours in each day.520 seconds ÷ 60 seconds = 42 minutes. 187. c.520 seconds is 42 minutes.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 185. There are 100 years in a century. There are 24 hours in each day. Multiply the number of months in a year by the given number of years. Two years is 730 days. 156 weeks ÷ 52 weeks = 3 years. 5 centuries 100 years = 500 years. Each year is 12 months. There are 12 months in a year. 180 seconds + 30 seconds 2 = 210 seconds. therefore. 191. 2. there are 500 years in 5 centuries. 189. e. 110 . There are 4 years in 48 months. Therefore. Therefore.

a. 200. 111 . 30 years is 3 decades. 195. There are 60 minutes in one hour. An hour is 60 minutes. 5 centuries 10 decades = 50 decades. there are ﬁfty decades in ﬁve centuries. determine how many decades are in one century. 540 minutes is 9 hours. A minute is sixty seconds. b. d. Divide the total number of years by the number years in a decade. There are ten years in a decade. 7 years 12 months = 84 months. 120 hours ÷ 24 hours = 5 days. e. There are 84 months in 7 years. there are 7. There are 100 years in a century. e.200 minutes ÷ 60 minutes = 120 hours). Next. 198. A decade is ten years. 120 hours is 5 days. 120 minutes 60 seconds = 7. Multiply the number of seconds in a minute by the given number of minutes.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 194. d. ﬁnd the number of minutes in 2 hours. 10 years 2 decades = 20 years. 55 minutes is 3. Divide the total number of minutes by the number of minutes in an hour. Multiply the number of months in a year by the given number of years. You must change minutes to hours. 2 decades is 20 years. There are ten decades in a century (100 years ÷ 10 years = 10 decades). There are 12 months in a year.300 seconds. 196.200 seconds in 120 minutes. 197. 201.200 seconds. and ten years in a decade. First. Therefore.200 minutes is 120 hours (7. Next. a. ﬁnd the number of seconds in those 120 minutes. 540 minutes ÷ 60 minutes = 9 hours. 199.300 seconds. there are 24 hours in a day. 55 minutes 60 seconds = 3. b. First. then hours to days. 7. Multiply the number of years in a decade by the given number of decades. 30 years ÷ 10 years = 3 decades. There are 60 seconds in a minute. Therefore. there are 60 minutes in an hour. so there are 120 minutes in 2 hours. First.

Multiply the number of minutes in an hour by the given number of hours. Therefore. Divide the total number of months by the number of months in a year. there are sixty years in six decades (6 decades 10 years = 60 years). There are sixty minutes in an hour. 20 years ÷ 10 years = 2 decades. There are 12 months in a year. 4 hours 60 minutes = 240 minutes. multiply this number of years by the number of months in one year.400 months in 200 years. b. You must convert centuries to years. multiply the total number of centuries by the number of years in a century. there are 720 months in 60 years (60 years 12 months = 720 months). 205. 206. You must convert the months to years and then. multiply this total number of years by the number of months in a year. First. 540 minutes × 60 seconds = 32. There are 12 months in a year. First. Now. there are 20 years in 240 months (240 months ÷ 12 months = 20 years). there are 60 seconds in a minute. divide the total number of months by the number of months in one year. a. years to decades. Sixty months is 5 years. 60 months ÷ 12 months = 5 years. There are 200 years in two centuries (2 centuries 100 years = 200 years). 204.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 202. 203. Since there are 12 months in one year. There are 35 days in ﬁve weeks. divide this total number of years by the number of years in one decade. 112 . there are 540 minutes in nine hours (9 hours × 60 minutes = 540 minutes). There are 2. e. Next. 208. b. Since there are ten years in a decade. There are 100 years in a century.400 months. 200 years 12 months = 2. There are seven days in a week. Now. c. 5 weeks 7 days = 35 days. Therefore. There are ten years in a decade. there are 32. Therefore. First.400 seconds in 540 minutes. First convert hours to minutes. Next. There are 12 months in a year. c. and then change minutes to seconds. There are two decades in 20 years.400 seconds. There are sixty minutes in an hour. determine how many years are in six decades. c. Multiply the number of days in a week by the given number of weeks. 207. then years to months. Four hours is 240 minutes.

Converting between amounts of American currency is probably second nature to you. on test questions. common errors and pitfalls show up in the answer choices.Conversion— Dollars and Cents This chapter contains a series of questions that require currency conversions. You deal with money often in your everyday life. Do not get nervous. review the answer explanations to see how to solve each question. When you ﬁnish. You will be provided with exchange rates. There are also problems that deal with foreign currency exchange rates. Often. Read question and answer choices carefully and always double-check your answer before making your ﬁnal choice. 6 113 . you have the knowledge and skills necessary to tackle these problems.

20 100 40 5 10 213. d. b. Three dimes and four nickels are equal to how many pennies? a. c. e. d. b. 2 10 25 50 100 212. e. How many pennies are there in a half dollar? a. How many quarters are there in $10? a. b. d. 80 40 10 100 250 211. 7 34 70 12 50 114 . A $100 bill is equal to how many $5 bills? a. c. e. d. d. c. 2 4 5 6 10 210. Two quarters are equivalent to how many dimes? a. c. e. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 209. b. c. b.

He gives the waitress a $20 bill and asks for the change in all $1 bills. e. Marco needs quarters for the laundry machine. c. How many dimes are there in $20? a. 100 215.000 100 1. How many dimes are equal to 6 quarters? a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 214. 20 200 2. c. d. d. 17 218. 5 d.000 216. 20 c. Sixteen half-dollar coins is equal to how many dollars? a. 25 b. e. b. 5 b. 8 50 16 80 100 115 . 4 e. Khai’s meal cost $7. How many quarters will he receive if he puts a $5 bill into the change machine? a. b. How many $1 bills does he receive? a. c. d. e. 16 60 10 12 15 217. b. 7 c. 13 e. 2 d.

b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 219. Anna has 20 dimes. c. 5 25 15 6 50 220. How many dollars is this? a. The value of 100 quarters is equal to how many dollars? a.20 $12. How much money did she make in tips? Currency Amount of Each Currency $1 bills Quarters Dimes Nickels 7 10 25 4 a. b. e. b. 2. e. c. c. How many nickels are there in three quarters? a. d. b. c. Sandra used the following chart to keep track of her tips. e. d. d.20 $10. 1 2 5 10 20 221.00 $15. d.50 116 .50 $15. e.50 10 25 1 50 222. $12.

200 4 100 2. c. Jack has four $50 bills. one nickel. c. and one quarter are equal to how much money? a. e. 4 10 40 200 20 224. $0.81 e. d. b. 12 120 24 84 48 117 . c. $0. one dime.000 150 225. d. This is equal to how many $1 bills? a. d. d.01 227. How many quarters are there in $12? a. $0. One penny. e. b. c. b. How many dimes are there in four half-dollars? a. e. 5 25 50 125 20 226. b. e. $0. $1.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 223. Five quarters is equal to how many nickels? a.46 c.28 b.41 d.

If Hung has $2 worth of quarters. 1 hour d. How many $5 bills does she receive as change? a. How many pennies are there in a $20 bill? a.000 1. how much time does he get on the meter? a. 2. A parking meter allows 15 minutes for every quarter. 4 hours 231.50 118 . 5 c. 25 e. 0. c. 25 d. How many nickels are there in 5 half-dollars? a. b. b. 30 minutes b. 45 minutes c. 2 hours e. 50 d. 15 e. 5 229. e. c. Sonya buys a lamp that cost $25. d. 5 100 25 50 250 232.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 228.50 b. 20 b. 200 2. She hands the clerk a $100 bill and asks for her change to only be in $5 bills. d. Luis won 50 nickels from the slot machine.000 20 20. How many dollars is this? a. e. 15 c.000 230.

S. how many dollars are equal to 143 pesos? a. c. How many quarters are needed to equal the value of 35 dimes? a. She has 56 euros left over from her trip. If a book costs 13 Canadian dollars. c.00 c. d.90 119 . c. dollar equals 1. How many dollars is this? a. $70. e.80 b. $16. b. e. $20. $13.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 233. Twenty dollars is equal to how many pesos? ($1 = 11 pesos) a. $44.30 e. Dana just returned from Europe where the exchange rate was $1 = 0.30 Canadian dollars. e.00 d. 11 13 14 143 1. 55 181 1. If $1 is equal to 11 pesos. $56. b.80 d. $13. c. $48.80 euros.81 210 220 237. how many U.S. $80. d. e. a. $10. dollars is this? Assume that the current exchange rate is 1 U. d. 236. 5 10 35 12 14 234.573 235. b.00 b.

d.80 239.100 240. b.210 2. c. dollars. e. c. which is worth the most in U.56 28 3. A British tourist needs to change 63 British pounds into U.2842 0. $28.40 d.000 3. 3.S. how many dollars will he receive? a. $65.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 238. Based on the following chart of exchange rates. c. $180.420 0.7840 a. e. dollars? Currency The Foreign Value Equivalent of $1 Australia Britain India Euro 1. Thirty dollars is equal to how many yen? ($1 = 107 yen) a.S. b. Australia Britain India Euro not enough information 120 . $113.50 b. e.80. if Tony had 1 unit of currency from each country. If the exchange rate is 1 pound for every $1. d.5416 45. $35.

80 121 .3 Canadian dollars) a. 26 c. 15. dollars? (1 U. 10. How many Canadian dollars are equal to 20 U.S. 2.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 241.6 d. 23 b.S. dollar = 1.40 e.

100 quarters ÷ 4 quarters/dollar = $25. Divide 75 cents by 5 cents to get the number of nickels.10 so there are 10 dimes in every dollar (10 × . 20 dimes 221.25 = 0. b.10.10.10 = $2. Therefore.10 = 5 dimes.50 by $0. Each quarter is $0.10 = 1). 212. Multiply 10 by the dollar amount to get the number of dimes. 217. 220.10 to get the number of dimes. 25 cents = 75 cents. 218. 30 + 20 = 50 cents.50 (6 .10 = 15 dimes. e. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 209. c. 210. c. 3 dimes equal 30 cents (3 10 cents). Each nickel is worth 5 cents. 16 219. 1.25.50 = $8.25.00. d. Since he wants all $1 bills. $10 ÷ $0.25. so divide $10 by this amount to get the number of quarters.10. A half-dollar is worth 50 cents. A quarter is worth $0. 216. e. The ﬁrst step is to ﬁgure out how much change he should receive.50). 4 $5 = 20 quarters.50 (2 0. 10 $20 = 200 dimes. this is equal to 50 pennies. 214.50. Each quarter is worth 25 cents.50). 213.50 ÷ $0.50 ÷ 0. 20 $5 bills is equal to $100. Each dime is worth $0. Add these two values together to get the total. There are four quarters in every dollar. a. $100 ÷ $5 = 20. Each dime is worth $0.25 = 1. $0. $20 – $7 = $13. Each dime is worth $0. he will receive 13 bills.25 and so two quarters is equal to $0. 211. Divide $1. Multiply 4 times the dollar amount to get the number of quarters. c. Therefore. Each dime is $0. There are 4 quarters in every dollar (4 .25 = 1). Each quarter is worth $0.25 = 40 quarters. b. b. Each quarter is worth $0. so 6 quarters equals $1. 215. a. A half-dollar is equal to $0. d. 3 $0. $0. Each penny is a cent so there are 50 pennies. 122 . 4 nickels equal 20 cents (4 × 5 cents). 75 ÷ 5 = 15 nickels.

230.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 222. $0.01 (penny) + $0. Next. $12 4 quarters/dollar = 48 quarters. a.05.10 (dime) + $0.10. First. this is equal to 200 $1 bills. $2. $7 + $2.20.50 = $2.00 by this value to get the number of dimes.25 (quarter) = $0.000 pennies.10 25 = $2. d. 226. Multiply $50 by the number of bills. calculate the dollar amount of each form of currency.25 5 = $1. which is equal to two hours (60 minutes per hour).05/nickel = 50 nickels. Dimes: $0. A quarter is equal to $0. b. calculate how many $5 bills total $75. Therefore. 4 quarters/dollar = 8 quarters. The ﬁrst step is to ﬁgure out how much change she needs back. There are 4 quarters in every dollar. 223. $50 225. Each nickel is worth $0. $1. b.25. 5 232. Nickels: $0.20. $0. add up all of the dollar values to get the total. Quarters: $0. $0. $0.41. b. A half-dollar is equal to $0.50 ÷ $0.50 4 = $2.50.50 + $0. d.25. Each half-dollar is worth $0.00 ÷ $0. $100 – $25 (the cost of the lamp) = $75.50. 224. There are three zeros (1 from the 20. $75 ÷ $5/bill = 15 bills. 50 nickels 123 . Four quarters 15 min/quarter = 120 min.05/nickel = $2.25 10 = $2. Every quarter allows 15 minutes.05 (the value of a nickel) = 25 nickels. There are 100 pennies in every dollar. There are four quarters in every dollar. $20 100 pennies/dollar = 2.25 ÷ $0.50.20 = $12. Add up the amounts of each coin. c.05 4 = $0. so the total is 2.10 = 20 dimes. d. e.50.05) to ﬁnd the total number of nickels.000.00.50. two from the 100). 4 = $200.50. 229. Next.05 (nickel) + $0. $1 bills: $1 7 = $7. divide $2. 227. $2. $0. Since each dime is worth $0. e. 228. e. Divide this amount by the value of one nickel ($0.50 + $2. $2 231. A shortcut to this multiplication is to multiply the whole numbers (2 1) and then add the number of zeros at the end.

25/quarter = 14 quarters.3 = 26). 239. On the other hand. The dollar signs cancel out so that the answer is in units of yen. pesos $1/11 pesos = $13 (143 ÷ 11 = 13 dollars).80 euros = $70. b. 1 British pound is worth almost $2. divide 13 by 1. $30 240. dollars.5 pounds = $2. Therefore.80/1 pound = $113.S. 124 .S. 107 yen/$1 = 3.S.50. 1 pound $1/0. Basically. $20 11 pesos/$1 = 220 pesos.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 233.3 C = $10 U. dollars 1. 20 U. dollar = 26 Canadian dollars (20 1. dollar amount.10/dime = $3. 56 euros You must divide 56 by 0. 143 235. e. Set up the equation so that the appropriate units cancel out.210 yen.S.3 to get the U. this would equal a total of 14 quarters (12 + 2 = 14).3 Canadian dollars/1 U. $3. by rounding 0.S per $1. Therefore. c. $1 237. 63 pounds $1. then $13 C U. a. 234. d. One unit of the British currency would be worth the most in U. 12 quarters would equal $3.S.80. set up the equation so that the appropriate units cancel out. The units of pounds cancel out so that you are left with the dollar value. (Divide 1 by 0.50 ÷ $0./$1. Using the exchange ratio.5. b. 1/0.40. Since the ratio is $1 U.30 Canadian.5. Note that the dollar units cancel out to leave the answer in units of pesos. An alternate solution would be to ﬁgure out that there are 4 quarters per dollar.S. b. 1 Indian unit would only be worth a small fraction of a dollar (1/45). 35 dimes $0. For example. b. e. This is determined by looking for the lowest value in the chart. Another 2 quarters would add the extra 50 cents. 238.) 241. Multiply. 236. it takes approximately 45 Indian units to equal $1.5416 to 0.

like decimals. or ratio. taxes. and is often used to show a relationship. or percent. which are rounded to the nearest hundredth. It is important to be able to convert numbers from one of these forms to another. are often rounded values. Our number system is a decimal number system. decimal. and tips are all based on percentages.Conversion— Fractions. Sales. Percents. Decimals are used to express monetary values. based on the powers of ten. The fractional form of a number is the most exact method of naming a number. Use the answer explanations to review how to perform these important conversions. and the three most common methods are by fraction. and Percents There are many ways to name a number. where a value is compared to one hundred. or to the nearest cent. The decimal form of a number is used frequently in real life situations. 7 125 . of two numbers. Decimals. Percents are used as the most common form of ratio. The 80 questions in this chapter will test your skill at this task.

4 5 0. 0. c. 246.13 b. d. c.50.10 0. d.50.25. 0. e. 2.50.75 244. b. d. 1 245. 0. 0. 0. d. 0.80. 0. 0. 1. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 242.90.50 0. c. e. 0.20 0. 126 . How much of the cake is this? a. 0. 1 2 is equal to 1 a. is equal to a.30.75. 0. 1. 1 3 4 243.25. 0. 0.75. What is the decimal equivalent of 3 . rounded to the nearest hundredth? a.25 is equal to a. b.33 c.25.45. 0. e. Maggie asked for 5 of the cake. c. 1. e.50.15 0. 0. 1. b.25.67 e.50.50 d.

e.50 e.20.75 2.80 e.55 0.20 d. 0.15. 0. 0.333 0. c. How much of his sandwich did he eat in total? a. c.60 0. 0. 0. 2 3 is equal to what decimal.10 b.10 c. 0. e. b. 1. 3 1 4 251.90 248.25. b. c. d. 0.25 0. What is 8 equal to? a.50 1.25. How much is this in 1 decimal form? a. 0. 2. Ricky has completed 10 of ﬁnal project so far.40 d.75. 1. 0. is equal to a. 0. d. 0. 0.375 127 .00 250. e.05 b. d. Diego ate 5 his sandwich in the morning and another 5 at lunch. 0. 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 247.23 0.20 c.33 2. rounded to the nearest hundredth? 2 a. b.67 1 1 249.

d.25.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 252.15. 0. 11 5 a.25.33 c. e. 0. 1. 128 . 0.75 Refer to the following chart to answer questions 254–255. Jane wrote 3 of her paper on Monday and another 3 on Tuesday. b. According to the pie chart.05. 0. e.5. 0. d. area B is equal to a. c.20. a. 0.50 d. c. 0. 0.60.50. 1.25 b. 2. D 4 1 1 C 20 B 5 A 2 1 1 254.20. 0.80. 1 1 253.67 e. is equal to 2. How much of her paper does she have left to ﬁnish? Round your answer to the nearest hundredth. 0. 0. b.

20 b. Tia promised her younger brother that she would give him 4 of her dollar. area C plus area D is equal to a.20 e. 3. 0. d. 1 2 257. 0. 0. 0. 2. 0. 0. 3. How much money did she give him? a.35. 256. e.70. c. b. $0. b. $0. 0.20 b. 0. Written as a decimal.10 e.60 d.10. 0.80 258.50 c. 3 10 is equal to a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 255.30.80 d.30. 0.33 129 . 0. 0.30.33.30. $0. $0.25 e.50 d.60 1 3 5 259. Michael moved 5 of his furniture over the weekend and another 5 during the week. 3 0. e. 3.50. $0. d. 0. 0. How much more does he have left to move? a. = a.25 b.40 c.60. 0. c.25 c.

67 d.33 b. 0.80 lb.05 0. 0. 0. What is 10 in decimal form? 1 a.33 264. e. What is the decimal form of 3 . 0. e.00 3 10 130 . d.30 c.30 lb.25 0. 0. –0.50 0.10 b.67 e. c. 263.33 lb.20 0.33 c. 0. b. 0.67 0. d. b. rounded to the nearest hundredth? a. rounded to the nearest 11 hundredth? a. 1.80 0. A customer at a deli orders 4 pound of sliced turkey. She is left with how much of her original salary? a.25 lb. –1.75 lb. 0. b.50 d. 1.75 3 262. 0. c. 0.70 e.10 2 261. 3.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 260. What is the decimal form of – 3 . d. c. –3.33 0.50 0. This is equal to a. 0. of Maria’s salary goes towards taxes. e.

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

265. What is the decimal form of 6 ? (Round two decimal places.)

5

a. b. c. d. e.

0.65 0.88 0.83 0.13 0.56

1

266. Max painted 2 of the room that he was hired to paint. His co-

**worker, Marie, painted 1 of the room. What is the decimal form of 2 the total amount painted? a. 0.75 b. 0.80 c. 0.50 d. 1.00 e. 0.90
**

1

267. – 2 =

a. b. c. d. e.

3

0.50 1.00 0.25 –0.25 –0.50

268. 1 4 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1.75 0.75 1.34 1.25 3.25

131

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following diagram for questions 269–270.

1 1 — A4 4 1 C — 2 1 1 — B4 4

269. A landscaper is instructed to cover areas B and C with grass. This

**is equal to how much of the entire area? a. 0.25 b. 0.50 c. 0.80 d. 0.60 e. 0.75
**

270. The landscaper then covered half of area A with brick. In decimal

**form, how much of the entire area (A, B, and C) was covered with brick? a. 0.15 b. 0.25 c. 0.125 d. 0.333 e. 0.50
**

271. 3 4 =

1

a. b. c. d. e.

3.75 0.75 3.50 3.25 1.50

132

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

272. 0.40 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1 4 1 5 2 5 3 4 3 5

273. 0.75 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1 4 1 5 2 7 3 4 3 5

274. 2.25 =

a. 2 1 4 b. 2 1 5 c. d. 1 3 4 e. 2 3 5

275. –0.05 =

2 5

a. b. c. d. e.

1 20 – 210 1 2 –1 2 5 10

276. A painter needed 0.80 L of paint for a project. This is equal to

a. b. c. d. e.

1 4 1 5 2 5 3 4 4 5

L L L L L

133

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following table for questions 277–279.

Portion of Assignment Doug Jane A.J. Marie 0.25 0.10 0.05 0.60

277. Doug, Jane, A.J., and Marie divided up their assigned project

**according to the chart. What fraction of the total project were Doug and A.J. responsible for? a. 1 4 b. c. d. e.
**

7 20 3 10 3 4 2 5

278. What fraction was Marie responsible for?

a. b. c. d. e.

1 4 1 5 2 5 3 4 3 5

279. If Jane dropped out of the group and A.J. took over her part of the

**project, what fraction was A.J. now responsible for? a. 1 4 b. c. d. e.
**

1 5 1 10 3 20 1 20

134

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

280. Negative 1.5 is equal to

a. 1 1 . 2 c. – 2 . 5 e.

3 5.

b. –1 1 . 5 d. –1 1 . 2

281. Dat ordered 0.8 lb of smoked turkey, 0.5 lb of low-fat turkey, and

1.0 lb of honey roasted turkey from the deli. How many pounds of turkey did he order in total? a. 2 1 3 b. 1 130 c. d. 1 1 2

4 5

e. 2 130

282. 0.125 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1 25 1 8 2 5 1 2 1 5

283. 0.10 written as a fraction is

a. b. c. d. e.

1 100 . 1 5. 2 5. 1 10 . 3 10 .

284. Hilary sold 0.70 of her paintings at the fair. This is equal to

a. b. c. d. e.

1 7. 7 10 . 2 7. 7 100 . 3 5.

135

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

285. 3.3 =

a. b. c. d. e.

3 33 1 130 3 130 33 4 3 3

**Refer to the following chart for questions 286–288.
**

Division of Company Earnings 1st Qtr. 0.25 4th Qtr. 0.35 2nd Qtr. 0.1

3rd. Qtr 0.3

286. What fraction of the company’s earnings was made in the third

quarter? a. 1 4 b. c. d. e.

3 10 1 10 7 20 3 5

287. What fraction of the company’s earnings was made in the ﬁrst two

quarters? a. 2 5 b. c. d. e.

3 10 1 2 7 20 3 5

136

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

288. A competing company’s ﬁrst-quarter earnings were double the

fraction of this company’s ﬁrst quarter. What fraction was earned in the ﬁrst quarter of the competing company? a. 1 2 b. c. e.

1 4 2 5 3 5

d. 1 1 2

289. 0.20 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1 5 2 15 1 10 1 4 1 20

290. 1.90 =

a. 1 1 4

**b. 1 130 c. 1 110 d. 1 190 e.
**

1 90

291. –0.45 =

a. – 1 4 b. c. d. e.

9 10 – 290 –4 9 – 154

292. Andre mowed 0.15 of the lawn in the morning and 0.50 of the

**lawn in the afternoon. How much more of the lawn does he have left to mow? a. 1 5 b. c. d. e.
**

7 20 7 15 2 5 3 10

137

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

293. A group of ﬁve friends went out to dinner and decided to split the

bill evenly. If each person was expected to pay 0.20 of the total bill, what fraction should Dave pay if he was paying for both his meal and his wife’s meal? a. 1 4 b. c. d. e.

3 5 2 7 1 5 2 5

294. 0.05 is equal to

a. b. c. d. e.

1 20 . 1 5. 1 10 . 5 30 . 1 2.

295. 1.75 =

a. 1 1 5 b. 1 3 5 c. d. e.

1 75 11 4 13 4

296. Mia ran 0.60 km on Saturday, 0.75 km on Sunday, and 1.4 km on

**Monday. How many km did she run in total? a. 1 1 km 5 b. 1 3 km 4 c. 2 1 km 4 d. 2 3 km 4 e. 3 1 km 2
**

297. 0.80 is equal to

a. b. c. d. e.

3 5. 8 11 . 4 50 . 4 5. 2 3.

138

R. found a lamp on sale for 0. 49 50 L 1 110 L 1 210 L e. What fraction of its original price will R.J. How much paint is needed to paint a bookcase and a desk in total? a.25 off its original price.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 298. d.65 L 0. Amount of Paint Needed to Paint Different Pieces of Furniture Amount of Paint Needed Bookcase Desk Chair 0. Jake has two chairs to paint. c. e. c.40 L 0. 1 5 1 2 1 4 3 4 1 8 L L L L L 300. c. d.25 L 299. 1 1 L 2 b. b.J. 3 4 1 2 2 3 4 5 Refer to the following table for questions 299–301. d. How much paint will he need? a. 1 4 b. e. have to pay for the lamp? a. 1 L 139 .

What percentage is this? a. e. d. 33% e. 20% b. e. 50% c. Jill had ﬁnished stocking 4 of the shelves. rounded to the nearest percent. 25% c. Chris has a dresser. 75% d. 40% e. How much paint will she have leftover? a. 50% d. 25% 3 305. 1 2 L 5 c. is 3 ? a. 10% 2 303.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 301. What percent. 80% 140 . and desk to paint. 302. 20% b. 80% c. 50% d. chair. b. 2 5 33% 50% 60% 25% 67% = a. c. 304. 1 4 L 5 b. 75% b. d. She buys 2 L of paint. 25% e. By lunch. 1 2 2 5 3 4 3 5 L L L = a.

d. e. 7 20 a. A ﬁsherman met 3 of his weekly goal after three days. What 2 percentage of his goal does he have left. = 35% 7% 14% 40% 44% 141 . 70% d. 33% d. to the nearest percent? a. c. What percentage is 7 this? (Round to the nearest whole number. 67% c. 60% 308. Ryan spends 11 of his monthly salary on rent. 25% b. 64% c.) a. 16% b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 306. 30% e. b. 11% e. 60% 307.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following pie chart to answer questions 309–310. 40% 50% 75% 60% 15% 311. 142 . b. c. 4\5 is equal to a. Division of Coins in Register Quarters 1 — 6 Pennies 2 — 5 Nickels 1 10 10 Dimes 1 — 3 309. 45%. e. 10% c. 40%. 80%. What percentage of the coins were pennies and nickels? a. 60%. 25%. 17% e. 33% d. e. d. b. 40% b.) a. What percentage of the coins in the cash register were quarters? (Round to the nearest whole number. 35% 310. c. d.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 312. 25% = a. c. c. b. 9 20 . Sam bought 15% of the new stock shipment. 3 20 3 5 7 20 1 5 1 6 315. b. 3 5. e. c. 4 5. d. 7 20 . d. b. 60% = a. c. Lia ﬁnished 25% of her assignment the ﬁrst week and 50% the second week. What fraction of her assignment has she done? a. d. 3 5 3 4 1 2 2 5 143 . 45% is equal to a. c. e. d. d. What fraction is this? a. e. 2 5. 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 2 3 20 314. 1 4 b. e. 1 3 2 3 6 7 3 5 2 5 316. b. e. 313.

e. 3 5 1 3 1 5 2 5 144 . e. 1 3 5 c. What fraction of her proﬁts is this? a. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 317. c. What fraction does he have left to deliver? a. 1 2 5 d. d. c. A delivery man ﬁnished 20% of his deliveries in the morning and another 20% in the early afternoon. 125% = a. e. 3 5 2 5 1 5 1 2 318. 1 4 b. Taylor ended up giving 20% of her proﬁts to a charitable 1 5 foundation. 1 4 b. 1 1 4 b. 1 2 5 319.

what fraction of the company will Sandra own? a. 3 5 2 3 2 5 1 2 145 . 1 4 b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following table for questions 320–321. c. 2 5 7 20 1 10 1 5 1 100 321. b. e. If Anna gives up her percentage to Sandra. e. Percentage of Company Owned Sandra Anna Kelly Ria 35% 15% 10% 40% 320. What fraction of the company does Kelly own? a. d. d. c.

33. 4 3. a.20 . 5 4.00 246.50 .75 . 0. 1 ) and 2 convert it to a decimal by dividing the numerator by the denominator. To convert this into a decimal.10 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 242. b. 10 1. Divide 4 by 5 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal. by the denominator.00 243. 1) and place it to left of the decimal point. 3 1. 0. 0. Then take the fraction (in this case. e.50 = 1. To convert a fraction to a decimal.80 . Divide 1 by 5 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal. b. 4. 3. 1 2 is a mixed number. c. 2 1.0 + 0. 0. 5 1. 0.00 146 .00 Putting these two steps together gives the answer. ﬁrst take the whole number (in this case. 1 244. Divide the numerator by the denominator. 1. 0. b.000 Round the answer to the hundredths place (two decimal places) to get the answer 0.00 247.50 (1. divide the numerator.50).333 . 245. Divide 1 by 10 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal.

5 is an improper fraction. 3 – 2 = 1 .0 + 0.333 .0 + 2 .33. Convert 3 3 0. 4 1.00 253. 0. 249. 5 11.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 248. 8 3. paying close attention to the decimal point.666 . c. 3 3 3 0.67 = 2. One way of solving this problem is 11 to convert the improper fraction into a mixed number which can then be converted into a decimal as in previous problems. she has 1 left 3 3 3 3 3 to write.20 .67. Divide 5 5 5 5 the numerator by the denominator to get the decimal form. If Jane wrote 3 of her paper on Monday and 3 on Tuesday. b.000 Round the answer to the hundredths place (two decimal places).000 252. 0. 5 2. 1 + 1 = 2 . lunch. Divide 3 by 8 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal. a quicker method is to simply divide the numerator by the denominator. he ate 2 of his sandwich. Therefore.00 250. Divide 1 by 4 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal. 0. Round the answer to the nearest hundredth (two 3 1. (2. Add the two numbers together to get 2.67. Divide 1 by 3 to ﬁnd the decimal form.000 decimal places) to get 0. then in total. b.40 .67). to get 0. If Diego ate 5 of his sandwich in the morning and another 5 at 1 1 2 3 into a decimal. e.375 . d.25 . 2 2 = 2. This is a mixed number so ﬁrst separate the whole number from the fraction.00 251. 3 2. However. e. 147 . 2. 1 + 1 = 2 . she 1 1 has written 2 of her paper.

20 1.00 0. Divide 3 by 5 to convert from a fraction into a decimal.00 148 . 257. 5 – 3 = 2 .30.30. The ﬁnal step is to convert this fraction 5 5 5 into a decimal by dividing 2 by 5.25 .00 255. 259. b.60 .25 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 254. a. 3 130 = 3.20 . Divide 3 by 10 to convert the fraction to a decimal. area B is equal to 5 . divide 1 by 4.00 get the total area.25 = 0. Divide 1 by 5 in 1 order to convert the fraction into a decimal. First convert each area separately from a fraction to a decimal.05 . b. This is a mixed number so it can be broken down into the 1 4 whole number plus the fraction. 5 3. First.00 258. Area C = 1 20 = 0. 0.00 = 0. Then add these two decimals together to 4 1. d. 5 2. According to the pie chart. c. e. 5 1. 0. 1 2 Subtract this number from 5 to calculate how much he has 5 left to move.30 .0 + 10 3. 4 1.05 + 0.0 + 130 . 3. ﬁgure out how much furniture he moved in total. 5 + 5 = 3 5. 0. 0. To ﬁnd out how much money she gives her brother. 0. Area D = 256.40 . Therefore.00 0.30 = 3.

0.000 decimal places) to get 0. – 130 = 0.00 10 10 7 10 .70 . To ﬁgure out the decimal equivalent. d. Then convert this to a fraction by dividing 7 by 10. 0. e.00 263.33. First. c.50. 264. 4 3.10 . Round this answer to the nearest hundredth (two 3 2.33. Divide 1 by 10 to convert the fraction into a decimal. 10 1. (two decimal places). Round two decimal places to get 0. 262. ﬁgure out the fraction of her salary that she is left with.00 261. –(1 + 0. Divide 5 by 6 to convert the fraction into a decimal. a. to get 0. d.666 . –1 1 = –(1 + 1 ).33) = –1.00 149 . b. 0.50 . add the negative sign to get –0. 10 7.833 . –1 3 is a mixed fraction and is equal to the whole number plus 1 the fraction.000 the nearest hundredth. 0. 265.0 (1 2 + 1 2 = 2 2 2 ).501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 260.333 . Round this portion of the answer to 3 1. 2 1.000 266. 0. 0.75 .83. c. 267. Divide 2 by 3 to convert the fraction into a decimal.0. 6 5. Max paints 2 the room and Marie paints 2 the room which 1 1 equals 1. Convert 1 into a decimal by 3 3 3 dividing 1 by 3.67. Divide 1 by 2 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal. 2 = 1. Finally. divide 3 by 4. e.

75. First.125 . 4 3. 1. Divide 1 by 8 to convert the fraction to a decimal.00 1 1 1 270.00 269. 0. 1 3 = 1. Half of area A is covered with brick.00 150 . 0.75 .25. 1 2 1 2 3 Then divide 3 by 4 to get the decimal form.75 = 1.75 . Area A = 4 . 3.000 1 1 — 8 8 A 1 1 — 4 4 B 1 — 4 C 1 — 2 2 271.25 = 3. 2 = 4 . c. 8 1. The mixed number is equal to the whole number plus the fraction.0 + 3 .0 + 0. so 4 ÷ 2 = 8 . ﬁgure out the total area of B and C.25 . e. 0. 0. 3 1 = 3. Separate the mixed number into the whole number plus the fraction. 4 3. so 4 + 4 = 4 . Convert the fraction to a decimal by 4 4 dividing 3 by 4.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 268.0 + 1 . 4 1. Divide 1 by 4 to convert the fraction to a 4 4 decimal. a.0 + 0. d.

17050 ÷ 25 = 3 25 4 274. 279. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce. Look at the table to ﬁnd out Jane’s portion (0.25 + 0.25 involves a whole number. In the decimal 0. In 0.10 + 0. 276. Reduce the fraction by dividing the top and bottom by 2 to get 4 . Convert the 0. 25 4 to this fraction gives the answer 2 1 . d. First. which is one place to the right of the decimal).25 into a fraction.10).J. the greatest common factor of 75 and 100. To convert a decimal to a fraction. In this decimal. the fraction would be 140 . e. 0. 2. 12050 ÷ 25 = 1 . 0.05).4. so the fraction would be 180 .75.05 = 0. ﬁrst note the number of place positions to the right of the decimal point. b. which can then be reduced by dividing the top and bottom by 25. which is two places to the right of the decimal point. Then. 278.’s portion (0. the 75 is in the hundredths place. 11050 ÷ 5 = 230 . a. 5 151 .05 into a fraction. the 8 is in the tenths place. 100 ÷ 5 = 20 . First convert –0. Therefore. have to do to ﬁnd the total. 6 2 3 10 ÷ 2 = 5 .60).8. 5 273. c. This means that the answer will be a mixed number—a whole number plus a fraction.J. the 4 is in the tenths place. 4 275.15. 130 is the answer because this fraction cannot be reduced. add up the portion that Doug and A. so divide the numerator and the denominator by 2. do not 5 5 1 forget to add the negative sign to get – 210 . e. Then convert this into a fraction by placing 3 over 10 (since the 3 falls in the tenths place. Therefore. which is one place to the right of the decimal point. the fraction would be 17050 . c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 272.05 = 0.30. 5 277. which is the 2 to the left of the decimal. Now the fraction needs to be reduced to its lowest terms. Add this to A. The number 2 is the greatest common factor of 4 and 10. The ﬁnal fraction is 2 . 0. d. Look at the table to ﬁnd out what portion Marie was responsible for (0. The number 2. Convert this to a fraction and reduce. Adding the whole number.

Therefore. Since there is a number. Refer to the pie chart and add the values for the ﬁrst two quarters. Add up the three different values of turkey to get the total amount. 0. Refer to the pie chart to get the value for the third quarter.3. the 125 is in the thousandths place. 1. which cannot be reduced. so the fraction is 130 . 282. 287. 0. The answer is 2 130 . b. the answer is –1 1 . this will be the whole number. The 3 is in the tenths place. which is to the left of the decimal. Place the 7 over 10 to get the fraction which cannot be further reduced. In the decimal 0. 0. 283.70. In the decimal.5).3. b. to the left of the decimal point.125. and add it to the fraction. the 1 is in the tenths place. they must have earned 0. this is the whole number. 0. since it is three places to the right of the decimal point. 13050 ÷ 5 = 270 . 130 is the answer since this fraction cannot be further reduced. According to the pie chart. 130 . Adding the 2 negative. 2. to the left of the decimal. 125 is the 5 greatest common factor of 125 and 1. The ﬁnal mixed number is the whole number (1) plus the fraction ( 1 ).0 125 1 125 = 8 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 280.3 is to the right of the decimal point. Since there is a number. 2 281. a. 286. Convert this decimal to a fraction and reduce. 284. the 7 is in the tenths place. If the competing company earned twice that amount in their ﬁrst quarter. so this part is the fraction. 5 288. so the fraction is 150 which can be reduced to 1 (divide both the 2 numerator and the denominator by 5). Convert this to a fraction by using 10 as the denominator since the 3 in 0. In the decimal.10 = 0. 3.25. 150 ÷ 5 = 1 . e. b. 0.8 + 0.3 is in the tenths place.000. The fraction is 11200 ÷ . Convert this to a fraction by taking the whole number. 0. The fraction is found by using the number to the right of the decimal. 3 + 130 = 3 130 .5 + 1. 7 10 .25 2 = 0.10. 5 2 152 .35. d. the fraction would be 1 10 .0 = 2. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce. d. 285.25 + 0. The ﬁnal mixed number answer is the whole number (3) plus the fraction ( 130 ). The 5 is in the tenths place. d. the ﬁrst-quarter earnings were 0. c.5 (0.

is the number to the left of the decimal. 15 ÷ 5 = 210 00 5 295. Place the 8 over 10 to get 180 and then reduce the fraction by dividing the top and bottom by 2 to get 4 . b.0 – 0. the 45 is in the hundredths place (two places to the right of the decimal). 5 290. 0. 1. d.05.20. d.40.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 289. 4 296.4 = 2. 5 153 .75 km. 292. to the fraction: 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 . The whole number. Convert this into a fraction by adding the whole number.60 + 0. This will be a mixed number. 13050 ÷ 5 = 270 . 9.50 = 0. 0. the 8 is in the tenths place (one place to the right of the decimal).75 + 1. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce.35. 1. 291. Since the 9 is in the tenths place. 4 297. a. which is a whole number. In the decimal. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce. e. c. In the decimal. the fraction would be 190 .65. 14050 ÷ 5 = 290 . the 5 is placed over 100 and then reduced.80. The fraction is the number to the right of the decimal. 0. To convert this to a fraction.65 = 0. The 25 4 answer is 2 3 km.45. Each person has to pay for 0. 0. Add up the amounts that Andre has already mowed to get a total.20 of the bill. the number to the left of the decimal. 0. and a fraction. Divide both the numerator and denominator by 2 to reduce the fraction and get 1 . The fraction is 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 . Then subtract this from one in order to calculate how much more he has left to mow. a. the number to the right of the decimal. e.15 + 0. In the decimal. This will be a mixed number. Do not forget to attach the 5 negative sign to get and answer of – 290 . 5 293. Adding 25 4 the whole number and fraction together gives the answer 1 3 . 140 ÷ 2 = 2 . the 5 falls in the hundredths place (two places to the right of the decimal. so Dave must pay twice that amount for him and his wife. The whole number plus the fraction is 1 190 . d. 2. In the decimal 0. 0.20 2 = 0. 2 5 294. the 2 is in the tenths place so the fractions would be 120 . Add up the individual distances to get the total amount that Mia ran. 1.

b.05. To convert from a fraction to a percentage. 1.50.00 the percentage. Then subtract this amount from the total amount of paint that Chris bought. b. 25 4 299.66 .25 off of its original price. This will be a mixed number. 301. Therefore. which is a whole number. Convert 0.25 = 0. and desk.40 = 1. b. The ﬁrst step is to add the amounts of paint needed for the dresser. 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 .67 100 = 67%. 2. 0.65 + 0.4 = 0. one chair requires 0.50 L of paint.6 L.0 – 0. 6 2 3 10 ÷ 2 = 5 L. The 5 is in the hundredths place. Divide the numerator. plus a fraction form of 0. then the sale price will be 0. 50 2 300.75). Convert this number to a fraction and reduce.0 – 1.25 L of paint. Convert this to a fraction and reduce.25 + 0. Add the amounts of paint needed for the bookcase and the desk. ﬁrst convert the fraction to a decimal by dividing the numerator by the denominator. 0. Round to 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 298.25 2 = 0. 3.5 . Convert 0. e. e. 0. 2 L. 0. 154 . 0. 2. 0.75 + 0.75 (1. 302. two chairs need 0. chair. by the denominator.5 100 = 50%. d. If the lamp is 0. Convert the decimal to a percentage by 2 1. 15000 ÷ 50 = 1 L. to convert to decimal form. Adding the whole number and fraction gives the answer 1 210 L. According to the table.4 L.67 and multiply by 100 to get 3 2. so 5 1 5 100 ÷ 5 = 20 .0 multiplying by 100.75 into a fraction and reduce.05 L. This is how much paint she will have left over. 0. 303.05 into a fraction and reduce.40 = 1.

0. Round this percentage to the nearest whole number to get 64%. 5 2. 305. divide the numerator.75 100 = 75%. 4 3.636 .75 306. 0.33 . 0. 3.6%. b. 308. 0.00 Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. 7.4 . 0. d. by the denominator. Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. 3 – 2 = 1 . 11. Next.33 100 = 33%.000 Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. 1. First. convert this to decimal form 3 3 3 by dividing the numerator.00 Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. by the denominator. 0. Divide 7 by 20 to get the decimal form. 3 1. Divide 2 by 5 to get the decimal form. . c. The ﬁrst step is to ﬁnd out what fraction of his goal the 307. 0. a. 11 7.33 with rounding.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 304. 20 7. 0.40 × 100 = 40%. 0. ﬁsherman has left.00 which is equal to 0. 155 . a.35 100 = 35%.0 Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage.35 . Divide 3 by 4 to get the decimal form. 0.636 100 = 63.

to get the decimal form.45. 25 ÷ 100 = 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 309. b. Divide the numerator. 20 5 156 . 60 ÷ 100 = 0. and reduce the fraction. 16000 ÷ 20 = 3 . Divide 15% by 100 to get the decimal form.25.60. quarters represent 6 of the coins. 2 0. 14050 ÷ 5 = 290 . c.8 . 315. Add the fraction of pennies and nickels together to get the total. Place this number over 100 and reduce the fraction. 1 Divide 1 by 6 to get the decimal form. Divide 25% by 100 to get the decimal form. Divide 1 by 2 to get the decimal form. 310. Place 45 over 100 and reduce the fraction. 0. using the greatest common factor of 20. d.5 100 = 50%. 0.8 100 = 80%. Multiply this number by 100 to get the 5 4.0 0.5 . 15 ÷ 100 = 0. 5 313. Place this number over 100. Multiply this 6 1.45 (move the decimal two places to the left). 45% ÷ 100 = 0. 5. The ﬁrst step is to convert the percentage into a decimal by dividing by 100.00 number by 100 and round to the nearest whole number. since it is two decimal places to the right of the decimal point.166 . 2 1. by the denominator.15. 0. 25 25 1 100 ÷ 25 = 4 .0 percentage. 2 5 311. 314. Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. According to the pie chart. a. 0. 15 3 5 100 ÷ 5 = 20 . 0. Divide 60 by 100 to get the decimal form. 312. Place this number over 100 and reduce the fraction.17 100 = 17%. + 110 = 140 + 110 = 150 = 1 . the 45 is in the hundredths place (two places to the right of the decimal). 4. a. In the decimal. d. c.

Place 2 over 10 to get the fraction and reduce. 25 4 317.25 converted to a fraction is 25 25 1 100 ÷ 25 = 4 . 321. Divide this number by 100 to get the decimal form.5. According to the table. the fraction will be 150 . Since the 5 is in the tenths place. Then subtract this number from 100% to ﬁgure out how much he has left to deliver. 10% ÷ 100 = 0. 2 10 ÷ 2 2 = 1.75. so the number to the left of the decimal will be the whole number. Divide 20% by 100 to get the decimal form. a. Since the 6 is in the tenths place (one place to the right of the decimal). Place 75 over 100 and reduce the fraction. 20% + 20% = 40%.60. so the fraction is 110 . e. convert the decimal to a fraction by placing 6 over 10 and reducing the fraction. 2 157 . d. 6 2 3 10 ÷ 2 = 5 318. b. 1 1 1 + 4 = 14. This will be a mixed number (a whole number plus a fraction). c. Anna owns 15% of the company. 15% + 35% = 50%. 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 . Add 25% and 50% in order to ﬁgure out the total that Lia has ﬁnished thus far. Divide this number by 100 to get the decimal form.1. Add this amount to Sandra’s portion in order to get Sandra’s new total. 5 320. 25% + 50% = 75%.2. 1. 125% ÷ 100 = 1. Kelly owns 10% of the company. 20% ÷ 100 = 0. Add the whole number and the fraction together. Divide 125% by 100 in order to get the decimal form. 75% ÷ 100 = 0.25. 319. 100% – 40% = 60%. 50% ÷ 100 = 0. The ﬁrst step is to ﬁgure out what percentage he has delivered already. and the number to the right of the decimal will be made into the fraction. 60 ÷ 100 = 0. Divide the numerator and denominator by 5 to reduce the fraction to 1 . Divide this number by 100 to get the decimal form. 0. Divide this number by 100 to get the decimal form. c. The 1 is in the tenths place.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 316.

.

0. without showing any trailing zeroes. or smaller than 1. (a negative exponent). The 159 . or with very small numbers. The power of 10 indicates whether the number is greater than 10. The small box to the right of the 10 is a power of 10.Conversion— Scientific Notation and Decimals Scientists developed scientiﬁc notation as a method of naming numbers. This notation was invented to allow numbers such as 123. The second box represents the rest of the digits. and you must understand how to convert them from decimal notation to scientiﬁc notation. or very small numbers.000 or 0.500.0. (a positive exponent).00000000034 to be expressed without writing either the leading or trailing zeroes.000. or from scientiﬁc notation to decimal notation. scientists frequently deal with very large numbers. In their work. In this chapter you will encounter very large numbers. 10 The ﬁrst box represents one whole number digit that cannot be zero. such as the diameter of an electron. such as the distance from Earth to Mars. Scientiﬁc Notation is a very speciﬁc form of expressing a number: 8 . the exponent.

Use the following questions and answer explanations for practice on these types of problems. To convert a number in scientiﬁc notation to a regular decimal number. For any original number greater than 10.0.0. and trailing zeroes may need to be included. Show this decimal as being multiplied by a power of 10. If the power (exponent) is positive. ﬁrst change the number to be a decimal between 1 and 10. the resulting number is greater than 10.0. move the decimal point the number of placeholders as dictated by the power of 10. and leading zeroes may need to be included. the resulting number is less than 1. To change a number to scientiﬁc notation. If the power (exponent) is negative. For any original number less than 1. therefore the decimal point will be moved to the right. the decimal point would have been moved right and the power (exponent) in scientiﬁc notation will be negative. determined by the number of placeholders that the decimal point was moved. therefore the decimal point will be moved to the left. 160 . by moving the decimal point.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions absolute value of the exponent instructs you how far the decimal point was moved in the original number to be expressed as scientiﬁc notation.0. the decimal point would have been moved left and the power (exponent) in scientiﬁc notation will be positive.

0. c.08 90. d.41 541 5.5 4. 58. 5. 541.5 5. e. e. 0.08 102. d.41 54. b. c. 10–2. b. c. 105.80 10–2. Five million = a. 5.1 10–5. 106. 105. b. 9.08 9.0 5. d. c. 161 . e.0 0. 580 converted to scientiﬁc notation form is a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 322. e.0 102.8 90.0908 in scientiﬁc notation form is a. 10–3. 5. 5. 4.8 9. d.0 105 104 106 10–6 107 326.0 5.5 0. b. 58. 323. c.000045 = a.0 101.45 10–5 105 10–6 10–4 105 325. 103. d. 324.41 5. 10–2. 580 103. b. e.5 45 4. 104.000 in scientiﬁc notation is a.8 102.

3 103 miles b. 1. b. 4.0 2. b.623 105 miles c. c. e. e.3 1.6 10–5 miles d.230 miles on it. 4.00000002 = a. d.623 10–5 miles 328. 2. c. 4. Juan checked his odometer and found that his car had 46.623 104 miles e.9 13 1.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 327.3 4. What is this number in scientiﬁc notation? a. d.3 104 10–4 104 104 103 329.0 20 2. 4.0 109 108 10–8 10–7 108 162 . 0. Four thousand plus nine thousand = a. 462.0 2.

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following chart for questions 330–331.
**

Company Earnings per Quarter 1st Quarter $74,000

4th Quarter $120,000

2nd Quarter $86,900

3rd Quarter $109,100

330. What is the total amount of earnings in the second quarter in

**scientiﬁc notation? a. $8.69 10–5 b. $8.69 103 c. $86.9 104 d. $8.69 104 e. $8.69 105
**

331. What is the total amount of earnings in the ﬁrst and fourth

**quarters together, expressed in scientiﬁc notation? a. $1.94 105 b. $19.4 104 c. $1.2 106 d. $8.6 105 e. $8.6 10–5
**

332. What is 0.000009001 in scientiﬁc notation?

a. b. c. d. e.

9.0 10–6 9.0 106 9.001 10–6 9.001 106 9,001 10–9

163

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

333. 50 =

a. b. c. d. e.

5 10–1 50 101 0.5 103 5 101 5 102

334. There are 1,000,000,000 nanometers in every meter. How many

**nanometers is this in scientiﬁc notation? a. 1 109 nm b. 0.1 109 nm c. 1 1010 nm d. 10 1010 nm e. 1 108 nm
**

335. 2,340.25 written in scientiﬁc notation is

a. b. c. d. e.

2.34025 2,340.25 2.34025 2.34025 2.34025

105. 102. 103. 102. 104.

336. What is – 0.0063 written in scientiﬁc notation?

a. b. c. d. e.

6.3 10–3 6.3 104 63 104 –6.3 10–3 –6.3 103 104 = 0.000843 0.00843 84,300 8,430,000 8,430

337. 8.43

a. b. c. d. e.

164

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

338. 2

a. b. c. d. e.

10–3 = 0.002 0.0002 2,000 200 0.020

339. The moon is approximately 2.52 × 105 miles from the earth. What

**number is this equal to? a. 2,520 b. 25,200,000 c. 2,520,000 d. 25,200 e. 252,000
**

340. 1

a. b. c. d. e.

100 = 10 0 1 0.1 cannot be determined 10–6 = 9,002,500 0.000090025 0.00090025 0.0000090025 0.00000090025 102 m/s at sea level.

341. 9.0025

a. b. c. d. e.

342. The speed of sound is approximately 3.4

What is this number equal to? a. 3,400 m/s b. 340 m/s c. 34 m/s d. 0.0034 m/s e. 0.034 m/s

165

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

343. 8

101 = 8 0.8 80 800 cannot be determined

a. b. c. d. e.

Refer to the following chart for questions 344–345. Note: The chart shows an alternate way of expressing scientiﬁc notation; 2.00E+03 is equivalent to 2.00 103.

**Revenue per Worker
**

1.00E+04 8.00E+03 Revenue ($) 6.00E+03 4.00E+03 2.00E+03 0.00E+00 A B C D

344. What is the revenue of worker D?

a. b. c. d. e.

$600 $6,000 $80,000 $8,000 $8

166

11 a.000 $100 107 = 2.0000001 L.000 L. e. One a. Worker D brought in how much more revenue than worker A? a. 167 . b. 5.110. 0.53 0. 1. e. c. d. e.500. 935. e.35 104 items for the stores in the Paciﬁc Northwest. $2. 1. b. 9. d. c. L is equal to 1 0. c. d.000 10–1 = 530 53 5. This number is equal to 346. b.053 10–6 L.000 2.110.000 211.00001 L.000000 L. d. 347. 348. 9.000.000001 L.100. d.000. c. 2. 93.000.350. 0. 349.000 $200 $2 $1.3 0. c. 935. This number is equal to a.000 21.000 211. e.000.000. A distribution manager ordered 9.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 345.3 a. b. b.350.

825 104. 103 = 1.000007955 795. b.25 10.048. c.00007955 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 350. d. e.482. d.825. e. b.5 104.500 79. 7. c. 168 .955 a. 1.0007955 351.04825 a.825 104.550 0.000 10–5 = 0.

000 + 9. and the number is smaller than 1. In order to get only one whole non-zero number (one number to the left of the decimal). The power is positive because the original number is greater than 10. therefore the exponent is positive 2.41 105. Five million is equal to 5.5 10–5. 325.0.0 (8 places to the right). so the exponent is positive. Move the decimal 4 places to the left in order to get only one digit to the left of the decimal.3 104. 1. 4. the decimal needs to be moved 6 places to the left to get 5 106.0. First. 2. c. The decimal point needs to be moved 5 places to the right in order to get there. a. has the decimal point to the right of the last zero. The power is positive because the original number is greater than 10. In this problem. e. 324. Move the decimal two places to the right to get one whole number. so the exponent on the base of 10 will be positive. a.0 10–8.0. In order to convert this into scientiﬁc notation. Carefully count how many places the decimal must be moved to the right in order to end up with the number 2.000 = 5.0. d. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 322. 4.5).000. $541.623 104. c. so the exponent is negative.000 = 13. 328.0.08 10–2.000.0. 13. 323. 9. and the number is smaller than 1. move the decimal two places to the left.0. the value is greater than 10. ﬁnd the decimal place that will leave one digit to the left of the decimal (4. The original number is less than 1. The power sign is negative since the decimal is moved to the right. 329.000. d. Since it is being moved to the right. 4. 580 is greater than 10. the power will be negative.000 is greater than 10. 326. 169 . The ﬁrst step is to add up the two numbers.000. Move the decimal point 5 places to the left in order to achieve the correct form for scientiﬁc notation. 541. Now convert to scientiﬁc notation by moving the decimal 4 places to the left. Add a negative sign to the power of 10 since the decimal is moved to the right.0. 327. The original number.

to get the number 84.0. So. The sum of the earnings is greater than 10. Add the negative sign to the power since the decimal is moved to the right.94 105. add the negative sign in front of the original number because this has not changed.001 10–6. so the exponent is positive. In this problem. 1. and the decimal point must be moved four places to the right. Add the negative sign to the power since the decimal is moved to the right. 101. c. it is still a negative value.000 + $120. So. 336.34025 103. and the number is smaller than 1. so the exponent is positive.0. Therefore. In order to get to the number 1.900 is greater 331.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 330. $74.0. c. 335. 8. 332. Move the decimal point six places to the right in order to convert this number to scientiﬁc notation. a. The decimal needs to be moved three places to the left to get 2. The exponent is positive because the original number is greater than 10. The exponent is positive 334.0. Then move the decimal point ﬁve places to the left.300.0. so the number is a value greater than 10.0. c. Add together the earnings from the ﬁrst and fourth quarters. do not be confused by the fact that the decimal does not start off at the end of the number.000 = $194. the decimal needs to be moved 9 places to the left. The power (exponent) is positive 4. 5 because 50 is greater than 10. Move the decimal 4 places to the left.69 than 10. Two trailing zeroes must be added. Finally. the amount of nanometers in a meter is 1 109.0. 333. Move the decimal one place to the left in order to have only one digit to the left of the decimal. so the exponent is positive. $86. 104. and the number is smaller than 1. 170 .000.3 10–3. a. d. the answer is –6. 86.0. Move the decimal 3 places to the right in order to get the correct scientiﬁc notation form. 337. the answer is 9.900 was made in the second quarter. According to the chart. d. d. The original value is greater than 10.

340. Do not forget that 2 is equal to 2.000. 340 m/s.0. and the decimal is moved seven places to the right in order to get 21. The power is positive 3.00E+03 which is 8.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 338.53.0 103.0 103). and the decimal needs to be moved three places to the left.00E+03 (6. 342. Subtract A from D. The power is negative 6. Worker A has a revenue of 6. The power is positive 5. The power is negative 1. Both of these numbers have power signs of positive 3. 100 = 1.0.0000090025.000. c. Therefore.0. 347.000 (A).000 (D) and $6. the revenue of worker D is 8. b.0.000 – $6. d. b. Worker D has a revenue of 8. 346. and the decimal is moved one place to the right to give the answer. so the number will be greater than 10.0. d.00E+03 (8.0.0. Placing this back into the problem gives 1 1 which equals 1. so the monetary values are greater than 10.0 (although the decimal is not shown. The power is positive 7. a. Any number to the zero power is equal to 1. it follows the last digit). e. and the decimal is moved three places to the right to give the answer of $8.100. so the number will be less than 1. and the decimal is moved one place to the left in order to get 0. 80. The power sign is negative 3. According to the graph. c. $8. 339. 345. 344. The power is positive 2. so the dollar amount is greater than 10. The power is positive 1.0 103). so the number will be greater than 10.000. 341.0. so the number will be less than 1. 343. and the decimal is moved ﬁve places to the right to become 252. and the decimal is moved six places to the left to get 0. a. and the decimals are moved three places to the right to give $8. and the decimal is moved two places to the right to give the answer. 171 . The answer is 0.000. d. so the number will be greater than 10.0.002.000 = $2. so the number will be greater than 10. so the number will be less than 1.

a. so the number will be greater than 10.500. e. The power is negative 5.0. and the decimal is moved four places to the right to give the answer 93.0. so the number will be less than 1. 0. even if this still leaves some digits to the right of the decimal point. so the number will be greater than 10.000001 L. The answer is 1. one L is equal to 0. Therefore. and the decimal is moved six places to the left.0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 348. The power is positive 3. 350.048. so the number will be less than 1. d. The power is negative 6. a. 172 .0.00007955. and the decimal is moved ﬁve places to the left in order to get the answer. 349. 351. and the decimal is moved three places to the right.25. The power is positive 4.

Conversions within the standard system require more memorization of how the units are related to one another. The rounding of answers is almost always required when converting between these systems. There are 90 questions in this chapter that will challenge you to master these conversions. 173 . Unit conversions for temperature and weight are covered in the next chapter of this book. Area. 2. and Volume In chapters 1. and from one system to the other. The formulas in this chapter outline the two systems of measurement and the conversion factors needed to convert both within one system. the topics of measuring lengths. such as meter and liter. The formulas and the answer explanations are provided to reinforce your skills. All other units are based on these fundamental units and the powers of 10.9 Conversion— Metric and Standard Units: Length. and 3 of this book. Conversions within the metric system are relatively easy because there are fundamental units. both standard and metric. areas. and volumes were covered. This section reviews these measurements in the context of the conversion of units.

760 yards = 5.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Conversions between standard units 1 foot (ft) = 12 inches (in) 1 yard (yd) = 3 feet = 36 inches 1 mile (mi) = 1.600 square yards 1 acre (A) = 4.560 square feet 1 cubic foot (ft3) = 1.280 feet 1 square foot (ft2) = 144 square inches (in2) 1 square yard (yd2) = 9 square feet 1 square mile (mi2) = 640 acres = 3.840 square yards = 43.000 meters 1 square centimeter (cm2) = 100 square millimeters (mm2) 1 square meter (m2) = 10.000.728 cubic inches (in3) = 7.000 square meters 174 .000 square centimeters = 1.000 square millimeters 1 square kilometer (km2) = 1.000 millimeters 1 kilometer (km) = 1.000.48 gallons 1 cubic yard (yd3) = 27 cubic feet 1 tablespoon = 0.1337 cubic foot Conversions between metric units 1 centimeter (cm) = 10 millimeters (mm) 1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters = 1.097.5 ﬂuid ounce 1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons 1 cup (c) = 8 ﬂuid ounces (ﬂ oz) 1 pint (pt) = 2 cups = 16 ﬂuid ounces 1 quart (qt) = 2 pints = 32 ﬂuid ounces 1 gallon (gal) = 4 quarts = 128 ﬂuid ounces 1 gallon ≈ 231 cubic inches ≈ 0.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 1 cubic centimeter (cm3) = 1.000 cubic centimeters 1 liter (L) = 1.785 liters 1 liter ≈ 1.34 meters ≈ 1.16 square millimeters ≈ 6.3937 inch 1 square inch ≈ 645.000 milliliters Conversions between standard and metric units 1 inch ≈ 25.000 cubic millimeters (mm3) 1 cubic meter (m3) = 1.9144 meter 1 mile ≈ 1.0929 square meter 1 square yard ≈ 0.004047 square kilometers 1 cubic inch ≈ 16.000 square meters ≈ 2.57 milliliters ≈ 2.057 quarts ≈ 0.0283 cubic meter 1 cubic yard ≈ 0.4 millimeters ≈ 2.264 gallon 1 quart ≈ 0.387.37 inches 1 centimeter ≈ 0.000.4516 square centimeters 1 square foot ≈ 0.046.590.8564 square meters ≈ 0.8361 square meter 1 square mile ≈ 2.3048 meter ≈ 30.59 square kilometers 1 acre ≈ 4.6214 mile 1 meter ≈ 3.00002957 cubic meters 1 gallon ≈ 3.000.7646 cubic meter 1 teaspoon ≈ 5 milliliters 1 tablespoon ≈ 15 milliliters 1 ﬂuid ounce ≈ 29.6093 kilometers 1 kilometer ≈ 0.000 liters = 1.480 centimeters 1 yard ≈ 0.3871 cubic centimeters 1 cubic foot ≈ 0.54 centimeters 1 foot ≈ 0.946 liter 175 .064 cubic millimeters ≈ 16.000 milliliters (mL) = 100 centiliters (cL) 1 kiloliter (kL) = 1.609.281 feet ≈ 39.957 centiliters 1 ﬂuid ounce ≈ 0.

b. e. 24 c e. 67. d. A 2-liter bottle of soda contains approximately how many ﬂuid ounces? a. 0. 128. 256 ﬂ oz e. 0.06 ﬂ oz b. Convert this measurement into cups. 2 2 c 3 354. How many feet of trim must be purchased so that the room can be trimmed? a. c. b. 55 ft d. c. 48 in = ———————— yd a.53 ﬂ oz d. e. 60 ft e.6 ﬂ oz 356.375 c d. 50 ft b.3 c b. 968. 0.5 c c. 0. 18 ft 176 . A recipe calls for 3 ounces of olive oil. The perimeter of a room is measured and found to be 652 inches.33 1 1.5 2 3 9 18 353. d. 0. Trim for the room is sold by the foot. 6 ft = ———————— yd a. 54 ft c. a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 352.33 2 84 355. 0.96 ﬂ oz c.

75 mi 6. The volume of sand in the box is 6 feet 5 feet 1.000 mi 38. and 5 feet long. d.212 feet c. 72 cubic yards b. Martha walks to school. 0. 32 in c. How many miles long is the race? a. c. 5 cubic yards 177 .280 feet e. 34 in d. A child’s sandbox is being constructed in Tony’s backyard.488 feet b. Convert the volume into cubic yards. 5.496 feet d. Tony wants the sand to be at least 1. The sandbox is 6 feet wide. e. 1.000 feet long.760 feet 359.25 mi 11. Thomas is 6 feet 1 inch in height. What is the distance she walks to school in feet? a. 4. a distance of 0.6 cubic yards d. 1. His son is 3 feet 3 inches tall. 6. b. 18.5 feet = 45 cubic feet. a. in inches? a. 30 in b. What is the difference in their heights. 36 in e. 38 in 358. 1. 15 cubic yards c. A road race is 33.66 cubic yards e.85 miles.280 mi 5 mi 360.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 357.5 feet deep.

280 b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 361. then divide by 5.5 mi = ———————— ft a.500 365. 35 mm = ———————— cm a. 2 pints 6 ounces + 1 cup 7 ounces = a. divide by 12.280 362. 0.35 3.920 23.5 7. d. 48 in d.5 35 350 3.284. then multiply by 5. c. then multiply by 5. c. 144 in e.280 d. How many inches of ribbon does Susan have? a. 4. b. 1 quart 3 pints 1 cup 13 ounces 2 pints 5 ounces 3 pints 5 ounces 3 pints 1 cup 364. 432 in c.5 5.275. then divide by 5. b.760 363. e. e. d. b. 24 in 178 . multiply by 12.280 c. multiply by 12. Each bow requires 6 inches of ribbon to make. divide by 12. Which of the following represents a method by which one could convert inches into miles? a. d. 13. c.280 e. 18 in b. e. add 12.5 5. then multiply by 5. Susan wishes to create bows from 12 yards of ribbon.

4 a. 1. 546 yd2 367. Soﬁe needed to take 4 teaspoon of cough syrup 3 times a day. 9 yd2 b. 0.15 milliliter 368.5 milliliters e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 366. How many square yards of carpet should she purchase to carpet the room? a. 0.9 kiloliters = ———————— milliliters a. 0. 0. 3. e. The living room in Donna’s home is 182 square feet.000 39.4 5.25 milliliters d. d.240 582.05824 5.75 milliliters c.00000039 0.4143 mi 370. 0. 3. 58.0039 3. 3 Convert 3 teaspoon into milliliters.900. The 1.824 58.500-meter race is a popular distance running event at track meets. 21 yd2 e. 0. 22.5 mi c.4139 mi e. 2. 61 yd2 d.824 179 . 2.0000039 0.6214 mi b. c. b. 0. 0. e.9321 mi d.638 yd2 c.24 mm3 = ———————— cm3 a. c.375 milliliter b. How far is this distance in miles? a.000.000 369. b. d.

200 mm 84 mm = 840 cm 84 mm = 0.000. 1.000 350. Abigail is 5. c.7 km d.456. 1.7 19.400 m 374. 17 m b. 350 m2 = ———————— km2 a.94 gal 180 .4 km = 8. c. e. b.0-liter engine. e. e. 32 cm = 320 mm 3.7 65. d. A Ford Mustang has a 5.5 0. d.4 m ≈ ———————— ft a. b. 62.000350 0.5 feet tall. 170 mm e. Write this value in gallons. 0. c. a.084 m 8.17 km 372. d.264 gal 1. Which of the following is closest to this height? a.01 205 373.000000350 375.79 gal 18.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 371.264 gal 3. 170 cm c.000 3. 0.2 m = 3. 350. e. b.58 2. b. Which of the following statements is false? a. d. c.32 gal 5.

681. 8 ft3 c. 1.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 376.14 4.020235 A b.360 gallons of water. 2.839.3 380. d.0234 A 379. a. 107. e. e.413 ft3 b.913 453.920 ft3 d.235 A e.236 km + 23 m + 654 cm = ———————— m a. Approximately how many cubic feet of water is this? Round to the nearest cubic foot.534 35. b. c.48 A c. 14.83 28.4 6. d. 774.236 33.250 4.54 378. 1.265.16 A = ———————— yd2 a.34 2. 1.0283 3. 0. c. How many acres does Murray own? a.16 4.776 4. 1 m3 ≈ ———————— ft3 a. 0. Murray owns 5 square kilometers of farmland in Pennsylvania. 0.367 ft3 e.84 377. e.969.235.234 A d.840. c.6 30. b. A pool holds 14. 20. b. 14.353 ft3 181 . 4. d.

6. 3.1 4. b.7696 m3 c.04 385. 3. 12. 7.2304 m3 b. a. A stretch limousine is 4. c. 4.36 17. 3. e.06 10. 2.75 1. Convert the daily water requirement to gallons. 2.53 13.4 gal c. 5 gal e. 44.5 yd d. 15.5 gal d. Sandi purchased 3 cubic yards of mulch for her garden. d. 14.5621 m3 384.3 12.96 5. 3.307 yd c.43 11.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 381.769 yd e. 13.5 yd b. e. 15 cL ≈ ———————— ﬂ oz a. 0. How many yards long is the limousine? a. a.2 gal 182 . 44. About how many cubic meters of mulch did she buy? a. The average adult should drink eight 8-oz glasses of water per day. b.64 gal b.59 m2 ≈ ———————— yd2.92 yd 382. 0.17 383. c.5 meters long. d.2938 m3 e.9236 m3 d.

69 cm c.419 liters 1. 169 cm d. 1. 63. 1. 6.900 cm 390. About how many m&m® candies would you have to place end to end to form a line a mile long? a.169 cm b. 126. 8.5 in.560 d. 1.690 cm e. 1 quart + 1 pint = ———————— liter(s) a.144 acres d. The diameter of a plain m&m® is approximately 0.75 9. 3. 880 e.6625 acres e. 16. How many centimeters tall is the tree? a.5 liter 0. b. e.946 liter 183 . d.586 liters 2. 19 qt = ———————— gal a.160 acres 388. 31. c. b. 4.9 meters tall. How many acres is this? a. 0.720 c.680 387. 10.5 2.904 acres b.446 liters 1.375 1. 3. The State of Connecticut covers 5.1875 389.360 b. 76 4. A tree is measured and found to be 16. d. e.184 acres c.103. c.544 square miles of the earth’s surface.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 386.548.

d. 4. The Johnson’s kitchen is 221 square feet in size. 22.91 m2 393.656 in3 1. 573. b. 345.755 in3 108 in3 62. 4.03 in3 d. c.14 in3 392. 221. 24 16 10 3 4 18. b.682. 345.53 m2 c. e.84 m2 b. How many square meters of tile must they purchase to tile the kitchen ﬂoor? a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 391. c. e.5972 3. d.972 mL = ———————— L a.09 m2 e.72 34.72 22 184 .345972 394. b. 2. 395. A science experiment calls for the use of a porous sponge approximately 35 cubic centimeters in volume. 64 in3 46. c. d. 5.45972 0. 23.208 in3 ﬂ oz = 2 3 c 4 ———————— a. About how big is the sponge in cubic inches? a.55 in3 e.378.459.972 3. 2.49 in3 c.90 m2 d.52 in3 b.735. e. 20. How many cubic inches are in a cubic yard? a.

15.09 3.54 centimeters 397. c. c.9144 399. 157.000 square millimeters c. d. b. 3.8925 gallons 0. 0. 11.3 square millimeters 398.75 centimeters c. Convert 2 liters into gallons.016 centimeters e.5 centimeters d. 3 square millimeters e. ≈ ———————— m a.6 centimeters b. e. She ﬁnds that the window is 40 inches long. 5. c. d. a.000 square millimeters b. Convert this area into square millimeters. 34 yd.09 18. 31. d.872 1.108 185 . e. 1. e. b.000 square millimeters d.528 gallon 1.28 gallons 7.72 1. 300. a. Brenda measures her kitchen window so she can purchase blinds. Convert this dimension to centimeters.757 gallon in2 = 13 ft2 ———————— a.08 0. 42. 101.718 34.18 3.109 37. a. b.57 gallons 0. 30. A photo has an area of 300 square centimeters. 400.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 396. Many sodas are sold in 2-liter bottles.

430 centimeters e. 4.73 193. A book cover has an area of 72 square inches. 46.367.45 square centimeters b. 3 meters 403. 4. A signpost is 4.06 meters b.12 meters e. Use the diagram to answer the question: 12.388. 464.398. c.300 centimeters 402. 0.34 m Find the missing length in meters. 0. 111.36 163.8 in3 = ———————— mm3 a.645 square centimeters 404.3 meters tall.6 square centimeters e. 1.336. e.5 square centimeters c. 9.134 meters d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 401.043 centimeters b. 4.7 16.6 186 . b. 19. 11. 1.356 meters c.43 centimeters c. How tall is the signpost in centimeters? a. d. 43 centimeters d.4 yds ? 8. 11.988.86 1. What is its area in square centimeters? a.16 square centimeters d. a.

Convert this amount into cubic feet. Convert this amount to kiloliters. 7.000 cubic centimeters b. 1.250.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 405. 32. 1. 2 square meters 406. 11. 3 square meters e.5 kiloliters 187 .2 ﬂuid ounces d.3 ft3 c. 1. 17 ﬂuid ounces b. 325. A pitcher of punch contains 1. About how many square meters of felt does he need? a. 0. 0.65 ft3 e.728 square centimeters. 0. 32. 10 square meters d.500. 72 ﬂuid ounces 408. a. The table has an area of 29. Fred wants to replace the felt on his pool table. a. William drank 9 cups of juice on Saturday. 30 square meters b. How many cubic centimeters of material can the bin accommodate? a.500 cubic centimeters e. A birdbath can hold about 226 cubic inches of water.15 kiloliters e.000 cubic centimeters d. How many ﬂuid ounces of juice did he drink? a.125 ﬂuid ounces e.000 cubic centimeters c. 0.25 cubic meters of material. 20 square meters c.0015 kiloliters d. A storage bin can hold up to 3. 13 ft3 d.00000325 cubic centimeters 407.765 ft3 409.13 ft3 b.25 ﬂuid ounces c.5 liters. 0.500 kiloliters c. 15 kiloliters b. 1. 7. 3.

2616 km 414.65 milliliters c.54 kiloliters 22. It is 4.000 mm 412. 0. c. d.14 ﬂuid ounces 6. Convert this distance to kilometers. 310.54 liters 2. 0.214 ﬂuid ounces 413. A bottle of seltzer holds 10. e.775 km b.21 miles to the nearest mall. 0. This is equivalent to how many milliliters? a.75 km c. A pen is 13 centimeters long.36 milliliters b. d. c.5 ﬂuid ounces. 31. e. 2.00654 liters 6. c. 67. 6. 0. 281.616 km e.300 mm 0.540 milliliters = ———————— a.25 6. e. How long is the pen in millimeters? a.82 milliliters d. 2. b.049 milliliters e. 13 pints = ———————— quarts a. 13 mm 130 mm 1. b. 6.6775 km d.13 mm 13. 26 3.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 410. b.49 milliliters 188 .5 52 17 411. d. a.

b. c.8762 48. 4. d. d. How many gallons of water have dripped from the faucet? a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 415. 0. How many liters (L) of coffee are in the mug? 700 mL a.762 4. 4.200 417. e. c. 0.876.7 liters 7 liters 0.32 gallons c. c.45 km2 = ———————— m2 a.51 gallons e. b. 4.450 0.872 4. d.1 gallons 416. e.48762 4.876.07 liters 70 liters 0.450.007 liters 189 . 5. 0. A dripping faucet has ﬁlled a pot that can hold 450 cubic inches of liquid. b. e.2 m = ———————— km a.00445 0. 1. 0.000 4.1948 gallons b.00000445 445 418.948 gallons d. 2.

14.6 inches 420. About how long is the worm in inches? a. He discovered it was 42 millimeters long.05 inches d. 1.472 square feet e. 6.4 ﬂuid ounces e.0000887 ﬂuid ounces d. 17.605 inches c. Michael measured a worm he found in his backyard.67 square feet c.72 square feet 190 . 0.7 square feet d.65 inches e. A container with a capacity of 3 cubic meters can hold how many ﬂuid ounces? a.54 inches b. 16.767 square feet b. 16.145.71 ﬂuid ounces b. 10. 1. 887 ﬂuid ounces c. Refer to the diagram of a tabletop below to answer the question: 53 in 40 in Find the area of the table in square feet. 176. 0. 101. 88.454 ﬂuid ounces 421. 1. a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 419.

2.798 0. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 422.024 cubic millimeters e. 7.98 L = ———————— mL a.33 255 85 2. b. 240 cubic millimeters c. 24. A test tube is marked in cubic centimeters. A local charity has asked a water distributor to donate water for participants to drink during a fundraising walk.980 798. How many quarts is this? a.833 2.55 425.00798 79. If the test tube is ﬁlled to the 24 cubic centimeter mark with water. 462 quarts c. 28.400 cubic millimeters b. d. 0. 0.000 424. b. e.000 cubic millimeters d. 765 ft3 ≈ ———————— yd3 a. how many cubic millimeters of water are in the tube? a. The company donated 231 gallons of water. c. 115. 924 quarts 191 .800 7. 1.5 quarts d.848 quarts e. 57.75 quarts b.4 cubic millimeters 423. 2. d. e.

e.0028 427.000 Kilometers Meters 2. b. 7.800 28. Spring water comes in 2. 5.5-gallon container hold? a. 0. 0.05 per liter to ship. $60. 280 2.5-gallon containers for dispensing directly from the refrigerator. What is the cost of the shipment? a. 1. Fill in the missing value in the table below: Millimeters 2. The County Fairgrounds in Newbrite cover 3 square miles of farmland.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 426.25 liters b. How many liters can a 2.800. 6. 1.514 liters c. $60 c. $6 b. 0. d.6605 liters 429. How many square kilometers do the fairgrounds cover? a. 6. The water costs $0.77 square kilometers b.946 liters e.8 ? Centimeters 280.000 a.000 428.8633 square kilometers d.4625 liters d.59 square kilometers e.000 28 0. 9. c.1583 square kilometers c. $6. A cargo ship is loaded with 12 kiloliters of water for donation to a region destroyed by an earthquake.000 e.24 square kilometers 192 . $600 d.

938 liters c. 7. 540 m. 0. 34. 4. 39.500 cm. 0. Put in order from largest to smallest: 540 m. How many liters of formula will the powder make? a.5 km. 540 m. 0.5 km.946 liters d.294 mm3 b.328.500 cm. 4. 0.94 liters 431. 7.001464 mm3 c.500 cm e.000 mm. 7. 682.500 cm.794 mm3 d. 4.000 mm. 4.500 cm 193 .164 liters e.000 mm c. Francis purchased enough powdered formula to make 34 quarts of liquid for her infant son. 36. 0.000 mm.500 cm. 32. 0. Use the diagram to answer the question: Volume = 24 in3 Find the volume of the box in cubic millimeters (mm3). 4.95 mm3 432. 393. 7.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 430.5 km. 7.5 km b. 540 m d. 35.289. 540 m.784 liters b. a.5 km. 393. 0. 7. 35. 4.536 mm3 e. 540 m.5 km.000 mm a.000 mm.

b.75 37. 0.000 square centimeters e. Which of the following is the smallest? 20 L. 45 square centimeters 434. e.500 square millimeters.6 miles c.000 mL d.2 kL. 0. 2.000 mL a. what is the area in square centimeters? a. 75 c = ———————— pts a. If the area of the train platform in her model is 4. 435. complete with detailed settings and buildings. 1. Lauri and her friend Iona live 2. How far apart are they in miles? Round the answer to the nearest tenth of a mile. or 200. c. a.5 150 300 436. 890.5 square centimeters d. 4. 20 L b.1 miles e.500 meters apart. 9. 0.7 miles 194 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 433.2 kL c. The answer cannot be determined from the information given. They are all equal. 1. 450 square centimeters b. Mary has a scale model of a train set. d.7 miles d. 200.6 miles b. e.000 square centimeters c. 45.375 18. 450.

000 cubic centimeters 195 . 1. b.000. 4. 8. A warehouse can accommodate up to 4.000 cubic centimeters d. 2.000. ———————— m ≈ 4.028 cups 438.000 cubic meters of inventory.000.440 1.000 439. Jacob boasted to his friends.000. e.000 cubic centimeters b. 15. a. She has 2.6 976 9. 4.500 milliliters of water at one time!’’ How many liters of water did Jacob guzzle? a. “I guzzled 1. 15 liters b.760 9. ———————— m3 = 9.000.231 14.15 liters c. 4 cubic centimeters e. c.6508 cups b.317 441.177 1.000 liters d.000. 40. 9.3254 cups d. 000 cm3 a.76 97. How many cubic centimeters can the warehouse hold? a.321 ft a.181 14. b. d.000.000 cubic centimeters c.760.2 liters of coffee and wants to know how many cups that is so she can decide whether she needs to make more.000 liters 440. 4.000. 9. e. 0.2 liters into cups.5 liters e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 437.3254 cups e.3016 cups c. 13. 1. Convert 2. c.500.760.000. 4. 1. d. Mona is making coffee for her guests.

so divide: 652 in ÷ 12 in\ft = 54. multiply: 4. e. divide by 12. Every 12 inches equals 1 foot. round up.6 ﬂ oz. 362. It takes 5. 196 . Each mile equals 5. Then. so for 2 liters: 2 L ( 0. A gallon equals 128 ﬂuid ounces. c.66 yd3. so divide: 6 ft ÷ 3 ft/yd = 2 yds.264 gallons. A mile is 5. The difference between their heights is 73 in – 39 in = 34 inches. multiply: 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 352. Since there are 4.5 mi 5. 357. 1 or $1. c. Every 3 feet equals 1 yard. a.280.5 miles.85 mi 359. to ﬁgure out how many miles are in the calculated number of feet. One cubic yard requires 27 cubic feet.528 gal 128 ﬂ oz/gal = 67.280 ft/mi = 6. 5. His son’s height is 3 ft 12 in/ft = 36 inches + 3 inches = 39 inches. 356.280 ft/mi = 4. Every 36 inches equals 1 yard.333 feet. To ﬁnd the number of cubic yards in 45 cubic feet.280 ft/mi = 23. divide: 45 ft3 ÷ 27 ft3/yd3 = 1. e.25 mi. One foot equals 12 inches so Thomas’s height is 6 ft 12 in\ft = 72 inches + 1 inch = 73 inches. division is required. Since trim is sold by the foot. 358. divide: 33. so divide: 48 in ÷ 36 in/yd = 1 3 yds. c.000 ft ÷ 5.375 c.280 feet.528 gal. so multiply: 0.85 mile. c. 353. d. 355.264 gal/L = 0.760 ft.584 ﬂ oz ≈ 67. b. To ﬁnd how many miles are in 33. 361. b.280 feet to make a mile. Since the conversion is from smaller units to larger units. 360. b. 55 feet must be purchased so that there is enough trim. Each liter equals 0. 12 inches equals 1 foot.488 feet. divide by the number of feet in a mile. Every 8 ounces equals 1 cup. so to ﬁgure out the number of feet in the given number of inches. 354. so to ﬁnd 0. so divide: 3 oz ÷ 8 oz/c = 0.33 written as a decimal. 5.000 feet.280 feet.

so divide: 35 mm ÷ 10 mm/cm = 3.900. 4 tsp 3 5 mL/tsp = 3. Divide to ﬁnd out how many miles are equivalent to 1. The simpliﬁed total is 3 pints 5 ounces. d. There are 36 inches in a yard.9 kL 1. 197 . Now note that 2 cups = 1 pint. b.000 mm3/cm3 = 0.34 m/mi ≈ 0. Since Laurie cannot purchase part of a square yard. 368.000 L/kL = 3.609.75 mL.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 363.500 m ÷ 1. 2 pints 6 ounces + 1 cup 7 ounces = 2 pints 1 cup 13 ounces.24 mm3. but then the sum needs to be simpliﬁed.000 mL/L = 3. There are 10 millimeters in every centimeter. Note that the sum is written with the largest units ﬁrst and smallest units last. Therefore. Divide to determine how many cm3 are in 58. 367. 369. 58. d.34 meters.500 meters: 1. 364.900 L 1. Replace the 13 ounces with the 1 cup 5 ounces.609.05824 cm3. Each mile is about 1. It takes 9 square feet to make a square yard. To ﬁnd out how many square yards are in 182 square feet.000 mm3 in one cm3. multiply: 12 yd 36 in/yd = 432 in. To simplify. ounces.24 mm3 ÷ 1. There are 1.9321 mi. Each liter equals 1.900 L. adding the cup portions together: 2 pints 2 cups 5 ounces. c. 370. and work toward larger units.22 yd2. 366. start with the smallest unit. Every 8 ounces makes 1 cup. The two amounts can be added as they are.000 liters: 3.000 mL. a.000 milliliters: 3. d. b. b. One teaspoon equals 5 milliliters. so 13 ounces = 1 cup 5 ounces.5 cm. so the sum can be simpliﬁed again combining this pint with the 2 pints in the sum. One kiloliter equals 1. divide: 182 ft2 ÷9 ft2/yd2 = 20. To ﬁnd the number of inches in 12 yards. She must purchase 21 yd2 to have enough to carpet the room. 365. she has to round up.

919. 376. b. One square yard equals about 0.236 m + 23 m + 6.920 ft3 rounded to the nearest cubic foot.360 gal × 0.004047 square kilometers. Multiply: 0. One cubic yard is equivalent to about 0. 378. 654 cm ÷ 100 cm/m = 6. e. There are 10 millimeters in one centimeter: 84 mm ÷ 10 mm/cm = 8. 198 . Multiply: 3 yd3 0. 372.281 feet.3357 ft3 which rounds to 35.5 feet equals: 5.32 gal.6764 m ÷ 1000 m/km = .16 acre × 4. One yard equals about 0.264 gal/L = 1.6764 m into the remaining units given in the answer choices.9144 m/yd ≈ 4.8361 square meter.0016764 km which eliminates answers c and e. e.840 square yards.4 mm which is much higher than answer d.236 km 1.92 yd.000. not 840 cm. 1.7646 m3/yd3 ≈ 2. d.840 yd2/acres = 774.000 mm/m = 1.4 m × 3.5 m ÷ 0. e. Now add: 4. One cubic foot equals 0. 5.265.1337 ft3/gal = 1. One gallon is about 0. 383. Multiply: 5 L × 0.5 ft × 0.264 gallon. 62.48 acres. Each liter equals 0.1337 cubic foot. d. b.676.9144 meter. 381.6764 m.54 m. One acre equals 4. Since one foot equals about 0.73ft ≈ 205 ft. so divide: 1 m3 ÷ 0. Divide: 12. a.3048 meter.000. Divide: 350 m2 ÷ 1.64 cm which is very close to answer b. 373.54 m = 4.0283 cubic meter. so divide: 5 km2 ÷ 0. b. Divide: 4. c. 377.6764 m 100 cm/m = 167.000 m2/km2 = 0. The answer is b: 170 cm.3048 m/ft = 1. Now convert 1. 380.34 ft3. One meter is approximately 3.235.236 m. c.00035 km2. 375. One acre equals 0.000 m/km = 4.4 yd2.004047 km2/acres ≈ 1. Answer a is much too large.2938 m3.000 square meters in one square kilometer. Convert all units to meters ﬁrst: 4.0283 m3/ft3 ≈ 35.932 ft3 which is 1. 1. 1.4 cm.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 371. a.06 yd2. Therefore. 379. 382.6764 m 1. There are 1.54 m.59 m2 ÷ 0. 374.7646 cubic meters. c.281 ft/m ≈ 204.8361 m2/yd2 ≈ 15. Multiply: 14.

Divide: 35 cm3 ÷ 16. 394. b. 1 quart + 1 pint = 1 quart + .345972 L. 386. Multiply: 300 cm2 100 mm2/cm2 = 30. Divide: 64 oz ÷ 128 oz/gal = .75 c 8 ﬂ oz/c = 22 ﬂ oz.14 in3. Divide to ﬁnd the number of candies in a foot: 12 in ÷ . 395.5 quart.946 L/qt = 1. 391. Each cubic foot is equal to 1.9 m 100 cm/m = 1.1 ﬂ oz. c.280 ft/mi 24 m&m®/ft = 126. a. d.0929 m2/ft2 ≈ 20. b. 393.5 quart = 1. There are 128 ounces in a gallon.75 cups.690 cm.419 L. so multiply: 1.728 in3/ft3 = 46.3871 cubic centimeters.000 mL/L = 0.75 gal. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 384.0929 square meter.53 m2. e. One square foot equals 0. 387. One cup equals 8 fluid ounces. Multiply: 27 ft3 3 1. Every foot requires 24 candies and there are 5. 385.3871 cm3/in3 ≈ 2. Multiply: 40 in = 101. a. 397.728 cubic inches. b.656 in3. Therefore. 2. Each quart equals 0.548.160 acres. Multiply: 5. One meter equals 100 centimeters. Multiply: 16. Since 2 pints equals 1 quart.972 mL ÷ 1. One cubic yard is equal to 27 cubic feet.5 qts 0.720 m&m®/mi.000 mm2. One inch equals 2.5 in/m&m® = 24 m&m®. 2. 1 pint is equal to half a quart.957353 centiliters is equal to one ﬂuid ounce. There are 12 inches in one foot.54 cm/in 396. One square centimeter equals 100 square millimeters.544 mi2 640 acres/mi2 = 3. e. There are 4 quarts in a gallon. 199 . Multiply: 221 ft2 × 0.6 cm. c. b. Divide: 15 cL ÷ 2. Eight 8-oz glasses account for 64 ounces of ﬂuid: 8 × 8 = 64. 388. 390.54 centimeters. There are 1. Divide: 19 qts ÷ 4 qts/gal = 4. 389.5 quarts.000 milliliters in one liter. 2 4 cups = 2. Multiply: 2.280 feet in a mile: 5. or . One cubic inch is equivalent to 16.957353 cL/ﬂ oz ≈ 5.5 gal. One square mile is equal to 640 acres. e. 392.946 liter. Divide: 345. e.

One square foot is equal to 144 square inches.264 gal/L = 0. One cubic meter equals 1.34 m = 3 m. One cubic foot equals 1.728 in3/ft3 ≈ 0. a. Since one yard = 0.728 cm2 ÷ 10.34 m. One quart equals 2 pints. Multiply: 11. d.4 yds 0. subtract: 12. Multiply: 72 in2 6.9144 meter.9144 m/yd ≈ 31. 404. 410. One liter equals 0. Multiply: 3.4 yds – 8.000 cm3/m3 = 3.064 cubic millimeters.34 m – 8. Multiply: 9 c 408. Fred should purchase 3 square meters in order to have enough felt. d. One meter is equal to 100 centimeters.000 L/kL = 0.387.250. 8 ﬂ oz/c = 72 ﬂ oz. Multiply: 2 L 0.387. c. c.36 mm3.4516 square centimeters. b. convert 12. 401. Divide: 1. One cup equals 8 ﬂuid ounces. 406. Ten millimeters equals 1 centimeter. Divide: 226 in3 ÷ 1. and the subtraction cannot be done unless the units on the two quantities match. One cubic inch equals 16. b. There are 1000 liters in one kiloliter. c.000 cubic centimeters.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 398. Multiply: 13 cm × 10 mm/cm = 130 mm.000 cm3.09 m.34 m. One square inch equals 6.528 gal.264 gallon. a.064 mm3/in3 ≈ 193. multiply: 12. 409. 400. One square meter is equal to 10.000. Since the answer must be given in meters. 402. Multiply: 13 ft2 144 in2/ft2 = 1.000 cm2/m2 = 2. Divide: 29. multiply: 34 yd 0.0015 kL.13 ft3.5 cm2.9144 meter.000.8 in3 405.000 square centimeters. Multiply: 4. 407.728 cubic inches. To answer the question. Divide: 13 pts ÷ 2 pts/qt = 6.367. Now subtract: 11. d. d.872 in2.3 m 100 cm/m = 430 cm. 16. 399.9144 m/yd ≈ 11.25 m3 1. 411.4 yards into meters. e. 200 .9728 m2.5 qts.4516 cm2/in2 ≈ 464.5 L ÷ 1. 403. Since one yard equals 0. e. b.

876. c.000 mm3. Divide: 700 mL ÷ 1. a.454 ﬂ oz.00002957 m3/ﬂ oz ≈ 101. To convert 6.5 ﬂ oz 29. divide: 6. Divide: 450 in3 ÷ 231 in3/gal ≈ 1. One gallon equals 231 cubic inches. There are 1.65 in.57 mL/ﬂ oz ≈ 310.000 meters.000 m2/km2 = 4.000 m/km = 4.8762 km.4167 ft 3. a.57 milliliters. 416.6093 kilometers so multiply: 4. 422. divide each dimension: 53 in ÷ 12 in/ft = 4. Divide: 6.540 milliliters into kiloliters.120 in2 ÷ 144 in2/ft2 ≈ 14. divide: 6540 mL ÷ 29.00654 L. then convert that into square feet: The area of the table is 53 in 40 in = 2. 418. d.00002957 cubic meters. which is smaller than answer choice b.000 mL/L = 6. Multiply: 4.000. d.4 millimeters. kiloliters. One cubic centimeter equals 1. 1.49 mL. c. e.540 milliliters into ﬂuid ounces. 421.948 gal. One square kilometer equals 1.540 mL ÷ 1. 417. Divide: 3 m3 ÷ 0. To convert 6. 414.000 cubic millimeters. 415. Multiply: 24 cm3 1. 201 .540 milliliters into liters. Divide: 4. One ﬂuid ounce equals 0. One mile equals 1.000 m2. Divide: 42 mm ÷ 25. 420. divide: 2. There are two ways to do this problem. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 412. Multiply: 4. which is answer choice d. 40 in ÷ 12 in/ft = 3.72 ft2. in square inches.450. One ﬂuid ounce equals 29.000 mL/kL = 0.21 mi 1.57353 mL/ﬂ oz = 221.3333 ft = 14.000 square meters.3333 ft. a. then multiplying to get square feet.45 km2 = 0.120 in2. The answer cannot be a since 6.000 mm3/cm3 = 24.000.72 ft2.000 milliliters. One liter equals 1.000.6093 km/mi ≈ 6. 413. Since there are 12 inches in one foot.4167 ft. Since one square foot equals 144 square inches. The second method involves converting the dimensions into feet ﬁrst. One kilometer equals 1.775 km.7 L. Multiply: 10. Convert 6.54 L ≠ 0. One way is to ﬁnd the area ﬁrst.00654 kL.2 m ÷ 1. b. and ounces to ﬁnd a match. e.4 mm/in ≈ 1.540 mL ÷ 1.000 milliliters in one liter.14 ﬂ oz which is not equal to answer choices c or e.54 L. One inch equals 25.000 mL/L 419.

Since each liter costs $0.000 L/kL = 12. One kiloliter equals 1. 0. Divide: 765 ft3 ÷ 27 ft3/yd3 ≈ 28.8 km 1.000 mL/L = 7. a.000 milliliters. 429.5 km 1.5 gal 3. One cubic inch equals 16. 7.05/L = $600. then 75 m.164 L.946 L/qt = 430.4625 L. c. One square centimeter equals 100 square millimeters.59 km2/mi2 = 7. 424.000 m/km = 500 m. 4. 0. One gallon equals 4 quarts.500 cm = 75 m since there are 100 centimeters in each meter: 7. Multiply: 34 qts 32.000 meters in every kilometer: 0.000 liters.500 mm2 ÷ 100 mm2/cm2 = 45 cm2.785 L/gal = 9. Answer choice b indicates this order. Divide: 4. Multiply: 231 gal 4 qts/gal = 924 qts. One cubic yard equals 27 cubic feet. If meters are chosen.000 L. a.000 millimeters in every meter: 4. 431. Multiply to ﬁnd the number of liters: 12 kL 1.000 mm ÷ 1.98 L 1.289. 4 m. then 4 m. One liter equals 1.387. followed by 500 m. c.000 mm = 4 m since there are 1.387.59 square kilometers. 500 m. Multiply: 7. 425. Multiply: 24 in3 16.05.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 423. One quart equals 0. One square mile equals about 2. e. 428.000 meters. Multiply: 2. 75 m.064 cubic millimeters.000 L $0.5 km = 500 m since there are 1. Now compare: 540 m. multiply to ﬁnd the cost: 12. multiply to ﬁnd the number of meters in 2. d. 432.000 m/km = 2. 433. Here is one approach: since one kilometer equals 1. d. 2. e. 427. 202 .980 mL. Multiply: 3 mi2 2. b. for example.33 yd3. There are several pieces of information that can be used to answer this question. One gallon equals about 3.8 kilometers. 426.800 m. 540 m will remain the same. Find a common unit and convert all measurements to this unit.064 mm3/in3 = 393.500 cm ÷ 100 cm/m = 75 m. b.785 liters.946 liter.536 mm3. 540 m is the largest amount. d.000 mm/m = 4 m.77 km2.

Divide: 9.000.317 m.3016 c.000 cm3. Each quart equals 2 pints so multiply: 2.609. for example. e.5 L. 436.000.321 ft 0. One cubic meter equals 1.347 m/mi ≈ 1. One liter equals 1.000 mL/L = 1. 200 L.5534 mi. 435. b. Each pint equals 2 cups so multiply one last time to convert into cups: 4. 20 L will remain the same. Now compare: 20 L.000 milliliters. Find a common unit and convert all measurements to this unit.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 434.760. Round to the nearest tenth to get 1. d.000 mL/L = 200 L.000 milliliters in every liter: 200. 440. Multiply: 2.76 m3.000.3048 meter. Divide: 75 c ÷ 2 c/pt = 37.2 L 1.000.3254 qts. and 200 L.3048 m/ft ≈ 1.6 mi. c.057 quarts.000 cm3/m3 = 4.000 m3 1.6508 pts. Divide: 1. a.2 kL 1.000 mL = 200 L since there are 1.057 qts/L = 2. 437. One mile equals 1. a.000. If liters are chosen. Divide: 2. 438. One cubic meter equals 1.000 cubic centimeters.000 mL ÷ 1. Multiply: 4.500 m ÷ 1.609. 441. a.000 L/kL = 200 L.000 liters in every kiloliter: 0. c. One foot equals about 0.34 meters.3254 qts 2 pts/qt = 4.6508 pts 2 c/pt = 9. 203 .2 kL = 200 L since there are 1.000. One liter equals 1. 200.000. One pint equals 2 cups.000 cm3/m3 = 9.000 cm3 ÷ 1.500 mL ÷ 1. Multiply: 4. 0. 20 L is the smallest amount.5 pt.000.000 cubic centimeters. 439.

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10 Conversion— Metric and Standard Units: Temperature and Weight This ﬁnal chapter covers the conversions for weight and temperature. Work through the 60 problems in this chapter using the formula sheet as your guide. and kilogram). Water freezes at 0°C and boils at 100°C. The basic unit is the gram. Refer to the formula sheet for the formula used to convert from one type of unit to the other. and the other units in this system (centigram. milligram. This was dealt with in Chapter 9. 205 . Weight is measured in metric units. temperature is measured in degrees Fahrenheit. In the United States. the answer explanations will outline the methods to use to perform these conversions. Converting within the metric system is relatively easy and is outlined in the formula sheet. For all problems. These conversions will be practiced and explained in the questions and answer explanations. Much of the world measures temperature in degrees Celsius. are based on the powers of ten. with the basic units of meter and liter. These units are deﬁned in the formula sheet. and tons. Standard units of weight are not so straightforward. Weight in this system is measured in ounces. as well as conversion formulas to convert between the metric system and the standard system. pounds. at sea level. The Celsius unit of temperature is based on the freezing point and boiling point of water.

454 kilogram 1 pound ≈ 454 grams 1 kilogram ≈ 2.035 ounce 1 pound ≈ 0. use the formula: F = 9 C + 32 5 Substitute the given number of Celsius degrees in the formula for C.000 pounds Weight conversions between metric units 1 centigram (cg) = 10 milligrams (mg) 1 gram (g) = 100 centigrams = 1. Multiply by 9 and then add 32.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Weight conversions between standard units 1 pound (lb) = 16 ounces (oz) 1 ton (t) = 2. F = 9 (40) + 32 5 F= 360 5 + 32 F = 72 + 32 F = 104° Therefore. 40°C = 104°F 206 . 5 Example: Convert 40°C into Fahrenheit.000 milligrams 1 kilogram (kg) = 1.000 grams Weight conversions between standard and metric units 1 gram ≈ 0.205 pounds 1 ton ≈ 908 kilograms Temperature conversions from Celsius to Fahrenheit To convert from degrees Celsius (°C) to degrees Fahrenheit (°F).

then multiply by 5 . use the formula: C = 5 (°F – 32) 9 Substitute the given number of Fahrenheit degrees in the formula for F. 50°F = 10°C 207 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Temperature conversions from Fahrenheit to Celsius To convert from degrees Fahrenheit (°F) to degrees Celsius (°C). C = 5 (50 – 32) 9 90 9 C = 5 (18) 9 C= C = 10° Therefore. 9 Example: Convert 50°F into Celsius. Subtract 32.

b.0048 0.8 4. 2. –57. Find the equivalent Celsius temperature for zero degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature is 10 degrees below zero Fahrenheit. 100 lb c. If half ton refers to the amount of weight the truck can carry in its bed.48 4.000 lb 445. b.667 0. 14°C 208 .800 48. –23. a. 17.4°C d. d. 6 lb = ———————— oz a.3°C e.375 22 443. Tommy drives a half-ton pickup truck. the freezing point of water. c. 96 69 2.8°C b. the conversion from 0°F to degrees is not as commonly known. –37. It is a commonly known fact that 0°C = 32°F. 26. what is the temperature in degrees Celsius? a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 442. 0.2°C b.000 lb e.8°C c. 32°C e. 8 lb b. e. d.000 lb d. –17. 4. 1. how many pounds can the truck carry? a. 12. 48 kg = ———————— g a. However.6°C c. c.000 446. e. –32°C d.6°C 444.

5 448.5 2. 3 kg ≈ ———————— lbs a. Write this temperature in degrees Celsius. c.51 451. e. b. d. b.6°C 209 . 0. 5. b. 845.8°C d. e.6 25. –30°C e. e.135 1135 1816 5.9 cg = ———————— kg a.590 449.2°C c. –7.008459 0.59 84.8 89.8450 8. c. d. c. a.2 40 450. d.6°C b.459 84. 75. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 447. –44. 104°F = ———————— °C a.816 1. d. 2. b.8 219.5 lbs ≈ ———————— g a. the weatherman reported a temperature of 22 degrees below zero.2 3. 1.4 6. 1. With the wind chill. e.6 5. 19.

0.455 kilograms d. 5.6 –24.000 grams c. 0.6 lbs b. e. e. –12°C = ———————— °F a. 22. 455 kilograms e. 3.05 grams b. 0.3 kilograms 454.4 kilograms c. how many pounds of cheese will she need? a.0135 0. d. –79.7 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 452. A recipe calls for 3 ounces of cheese per serving.216 455.2 10. Graham cracker sticks come in a 13-ounce package. c. 4.5 lbs 453. 2. 286.5 grams 210 .25 lbs d.’’ the doctor ordered. 432 ounces = ———————— tons a.135 0. 27 2. What is the approximate weight of the package in kilograms? a. b. 371.371 kilograms b. 0.5 lbs e.4 456. 36 lbs c. 5 grams e. “Take 500 milligrams of ibuprofen if your headache acts up. c. 50 grams d. How many grams of ibuprofen is this? a. b. d. If Rebecca is making 12 servings.4 36 –53.

15 tons 459.15 t = ———————— oz a. d.5 tons e. 0.080 50 6. 428°C c.4°C b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 457.162 458. What is this temperature in degrees Celsius? a.136 216. 85.085 kilograms e.000 kilograms b. 3. 850 kilograms c.813. 0. 90. 0. Convert this weight into tons. 6.85 kilograms d. c. 154. b.75 461. 220°F is above the boiling point of water.2 t ≈ ———————— kg a.2°C 460. 0.62 2. 6 tons c.6 38. d. 60 tons b.800 10. e. 140°C e. c.300 393. Convert this weight to kilograms.2 21.2°C d. 3. e. b. 100. a. a. 1.67 tons d. A box of Jello weighs about 85 grams. 104. A Galapagos tortoise can weigh up to 300 pounds. 4.0085 kilograms 211 .

Susan bought a 25-gram container of ground cloves to use in cider. b.000 milligrams d. 2. 8.4 –65 –79. 2.03 1. 0.025 milligrams 464.13 465.2 212 .13 pounds 466.500 milligrams c.2 –29. c. 3. 250 milligrams b.049 0. Josephine has 70 ounces of meat to use in her annual batch of spaghetti sauce. 25. e. c.4 kg ≈ ———————— oz a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 462. 0. 2. b.120 pounds c.75 48. 58 g ≈ ———————— oz a. 1.375 pounds b.5 pounds e. How many pounds of meat does Josephine have? a. –85°F = ———————— °C a. c.5 milligrams e.75 pounds d.657 26. e. b.332 127. How many milligrams of cloves did she buy? a. 4. d. 5. 1.1929 22 11 49 463. d. d. e. –121 –15.

254. c. d.58 19.600 kilograms 1.8°C c.16 3. b. a. e. Convert this temperature to degrees Celsius. 1. 29. d.6°C e.600. e. e.000 kilograms 12. 2.063 468. It was –5°F outside and she was cold to the bone.546 kilograms 213 .2°C d.800 g + 390 cg + 2 kg ≈ ———————— lbs a. 23°C b.254.3 0. 63 mg = ———————— cg a.192 7.9 469. Mary’s teeth were chattering. –20.600. Fill in the missing value in the table below so that the values are equivalent: Kilograms Milligrams 1.2546 kilograms 1. d.63 0. c.600 a.000 kilograms 1.000. 15°C 470. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 467. 3. c. –34. b.03 10.254.254. 630 63 6.

4.5 e.1 d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 471.608 472.608 b.73 c.2 104. About how many grams of food does Jodee’s daughter get at each meal? a.14 grams b. 120. 23. 0.33°F c. Convert the dog’s weight to kilograms. Convert this temperature to Fahrenheit. 85°F d. b. 174. 90°C = ———————— °F a. 194 130 32. 149°F e. 3. b. 114. 8. e. 236. c. e.4 219.2 grams 475. –6. 114.6 4 473.3 grams e.67 68 –21. c. d.4°F 474. d. The oven thermometer read 65°C during preheating.035 grams c. 20°C = ———————— °F a. 59.6 93. 23. a. Jodee feeds her daughter 4 ounces of baby food at every meal. 18. Kelly’s dog weighs 52 pounds.6°F b.6 214 .965 grams d. a.

6 480. Convert –10°C into degrees Fahrenheit. b. c. 104. –95 –120. 62.3°F 215 .3°F 39.8°F c. e. e.4°F 479. The thermostat was set at 17°C for the spring. –27°F b. d. 2°C = ———————— °F a. 14.2 –95 –31 478. a. b. c.2°F c.4 –54 61. –35°C = ———————— °F a. –3. b. e.6°F 477. What is this temperature in degrees Fahrenheit? a.8°F d. –1. d.6 –37. c. –16.2 35. 14°F –50°F –23. 78.6°F –75. 88. Convert this temperature into degrees Fahrenheit. –8.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 476. a. –10.6°F d. d.4°F b.3°F e. Julie was hoping the temperature would reach 26°C tomorrow.7 –28.8°F e.

710.8°F –177. a. 0.00001271 12. 45°F c. –203. c.271.2 3. d. 134. b. 93. e. Convert –81°C into degrees Fahrenheit.6°F d.2°F b. d. 160. e. c. b.000 485. d.4°F –113.8 216 . c. 12.6°F 483. Convert this temperature into degrees Fahrenheit.1 29. 34°C = ———————— °F a.2 118. 13.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 481. b. e. e.4 –55. c. a. Temperatures in some parts of the world can be 57°C.71 kilograms = ———————— milligrams a.01271 0.9°F e.2°F 484.710 1. –63°C = ———————— °F a. b.8°F –62. d.8 –145. 70. –52.000 12.8°F –88.6 1.8 482.4 –171 –81.

The freezing point of water is 32°F. d. –7°C = ———————— °F a. 2 milligrams e. Convert this temperature into degrees Fahrenheit to determine why. 0. Convert this into degrees Celsius. 17.000 0. 0. d. How many milligrams of medicine did the doctor prescribe? a.4 –70.2 45 489. –104°F 487.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 486.6°C 217 .0000024 490. 32°C e. –44. 0°C d.00024 240 24 24. 0°F e. b. A doctor prescribed 2 centigrams of medicine to his patient. 20 milligrams d. The thermometer reading of –40°C is interesting. 200 milligrams c. b.6 –21. e. 40°F d. e.2 milligrams 488. c. –32°C c. –57.8°C b. c. a.7 19. 2. 140°F b. –40°F c.24 kg = ———————— cg a. a.000 milligrams b. 0.

a. 15°F = ———————— °C a. 71. The air temperature was a humid 97°F on the beach.9°C 218 . –29. 85.2°C c. b. e. d.4 119. c.1 40. 156 oz e. 21.9 133. –23.7 361.7°C d. Convert Michael’s weight into ounces.7 83. d. 36. 21 oz c. 206. 20.4 493.8°C d.1°C c. a. Michael weighed 12 pounds 9 ounces at his last checkup. 9.6°C e.9°C e. The temperature dropped to 5°F during the evening. 41°C 492. –15°C b. c. 183°F = ———————— °C a.75 oz d. 148 oz b. What is this temperature in degrees Celsius? a. Convert this temperature into degrees Celsius.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 491. b. 201 oz 495.3 494.7 –9. e. 69.4 59 26. 34.6°C b.

c.2 –42. What is the total weight of the sand and the container in grams? a. 9.9 48. 93.9 g ———————— a.3 499. e.7 84. e. 47.2 –28. b. d. –5. 29°F = ———————— °C a.649 56.7 20.1 –43. 42.49 0. b.649 56. c. –21°F = ———————— °C a.3 –29.5649 498. The empty container weighs 512 centigrams.37 grams b. c. 554.370 milligrams of sand are added to the cup.490 5. 497. e. d.6 21. 5. –15.2 33. b. e.49 grams d.882 grams c. 42.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 496. d.357 grams 500.4 –2.9 cg = 564.1 –1.4 219 . d. 7.57 grams e. –19°F = ———————— °C a. b. c.8 6.

5 tons d. 2. 1.448 kilograms. An African Elephant can weigh as much as 5. 6.0 tons c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 501.7 tons b. 2.8 tons 220 . a. 3.2 tons e. Convert the elephant’s weight into tons.

Every 100.000 cg/kg = 0.8° Therefore. 444.6 lbs when rounded to the nearest tenth.615 lbs ≈ 6.008459 kg. so multiply: 6 lb 16 oz/lb = 96 oz. To convert 104°F into Celsius. substitute 0 for F in the equation: C = 5 (0 – 32) 9 C = 5 (–32) 9 C = – 160 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C ≈ –17. 445. 104°F = 40°C. Therefore.3° Therefore. Every kilogram equals 1. 443.3°C. 448. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 221 . e. substitute –10 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–10 – 32) 9 C = 5 (–42) 9 10 C = –29 C ≈ –23.8°C. 446.000 grams. multiply: 3 kg 2. b. Every pound equals 16 ounces.205 lbs/kg = 6. To convert 0°F into Celsius. To convert –10°F into Celsius.9 cg ÷ 100. e.000 pounds. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 447. Each kilogram equals about 2. 0°F ≈ –17. substitute 104 for F in the equation: C = 5 (104 – 32) 9 C = 5 (72) 9 C = 360 9 C = 40° Therefore.000 ÷ 2 = 1. b.205 pounds. One ton equals 2. a. Since there are 3 kilograms. –10°F ≈ –23. 449. so multiply: 48 kg 1.000 pounds.000 g.000 g/kg = 48. d.000 centigrams make a kilogram so divide: 845. a. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 442. half of a ton is 2.

–22°F = –30°C. multiply: 2. 16 ounces equals 1 pound. Every ton equals 908 kilograms. Every pound equals 454 grams. so divide to convert ounces into pounds: 36 oz ÷ 16 oz/lb = 2. she needs: 3 oz 12 = 36 oz of cheese. To convert –12°C into Fahrenheit. 456. so divide to discover what fraction of a ton 27 pounds is: 27 lb ÷ 2. c.000g/kg ≈ 0.6 kg. 458.5 lbs equation: C = 5 (F – 32) 9 454 g/lb = 1.371 kg.000 pounds equals 1 ton.6 + 32 F = 10.000 g equals 1 kg.035 oz/g ≈ 371.4 g.000 mg/g = 0. e. Multiply: 4.813.000 milligrams equals 1 gram. 453. 2. 452.5 grams.15 t. d. so divide: 500 mg ÷ 1. substitute –22 for F in the C = 5 (–54) 9 C = 5 (–22 – 32) 9 70 C = –29 C = –30° Therefore. e.000 lb/t = 0. To convert –22°F into Celsius. d. and Rebecca is making 12 servings. It takes 2.4°F. a. b. 1.000 lb/t = 0. so divide: 432 oz ÷ 16 oz/lb = 27 lb. so divide: 300 lb ÷ 2.4° Therefore.0135 t. 457.135 g. to convert 2.000 pounds to make 1 ton.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 450. substitute –12 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F= –108 5 F = 9 (–12) + 32 5 + 32 F = –21. 451. 222 . –12°C = 10. Since each serving calls for 3 ounces of cheese. Every 16 ounces is equal to one pound.25 lb.4 g ÷ 1. Therefore. Every 0. a. c. 455.5 pounds into grams. so ﬁrst ﬁgure out how many grams are in 13 ounces by dividing: 13 oz ÷ 0.2 t 908 kg/t = 3. divide to determine the number of kilograms: 371. Since 1.035 ounce is equal to 1 gram. 454.

Each pound equals 16 ounces. 461.000g/kg = 0. Alternately. so divide: 70 oz ÷ 16 oz/lb = 4. so multiply again: 6.000 mg/g 0.087 lbs 16 oz/lb = 49.0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 459. c.087 lbs. a.000 = 1. so divide to convert 85 grams: 85 g ÷ 1. 466.000 grams. 460.035 = 49 oz. –85°F = –65°C.300 lbs.000 pounds.000 grams equals one kilogram.800 oz.375 lb. a. Multiply: 25 g 1. Every ton equals 2.300 lbs 16 oz/lb = 100.3 cg.035 ounces. Each gram is 0. 223 . Every 16 ounces make one pound.035 oz/g = 25. d. you can ﬁrst convert kilograms to grams. Each gram equals about 0. d.15 t 2. substitute –85 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–85 – 32) 9 C = 5 (–117) 9 85 C = –59 C = –65° Therefore.000 milligrams. 464. so divide: 63 mg ÷ 10 mg/cg = 6. Multiply: 58 g = 2. Ten milligrams equals one centigram.4 1. a. 463.085 kg. Each gram equals 1. 220°F ≈ 104.4° Therefore.03 oz. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 467.15 pounds: C = 5 (F – 32) 9 3.392 oz. so multiply: 1. 1. Each kilogram is equal to 1. 1. so multiply again: 3. Each pound equals 16 ounces.205 lb\kg = 3.400 grams.000 lbs/t = 6. and then to pounds. a. e.205 pounds. To convert –85°F into Celsius. so kilograms is 1. so multiply.4 kg 2.400 . To convert 220°F into Celsius. c. 462. 465. so multiply to ﬁnd 3. substitute 220 for F in the equation: C = 5 (220 – 32) 9 C = 5 (188) 9 C = 940 9 C ≈ 104. Each kilogram is equivalent to 2.035 ounce.4°C.000 mg.

65°C = 149°F.454 kg/lb = 23.254. d. 20°C = 68°F. –4°F ≈ –20. 390 cg ÷ 100 cg/g = 3.000 grams equals 1 kilogram. substitute 65 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 585 5 F = 9 (65) + 32 5 + 32 F = 117 + 32 F = 149° Therefore. b.3 g. 470. 469. so divide: 4.9 g + 2.035 ounces to determine how many grams are in 4 ounces: 4 oz ÷ 0.9 g ÷ 454 g/lb ≈ 10. Each pound equals 0. 472.58 lb.6 g. grams for example: 2. d. Now.000 g = 4. b. 473.9 g. d.254.608 kg. so divide again: 1. e.6 g ÷ 1.035 ounce is equal to 1 gram. so multiply to ﬁnd the number of kilograms in 52 pounds: 52 lbs F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 180 5 0.600 mg ÷ 1.454 kilograms.800 g remains the same.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 468.803. substitute 20 for C in the equation: o F = 9 (20) + 32 5 + 32 F = 36 + 32 F = 68° Therefore. every 1.2857 g ≈ 114.000 g.000 g/kg = 2.6° Therefore. Every 454 grams equals 1 pound. 224 . To convert –4°F into Celsius. T convert 65°C into Fahrenheit.803. 2 kg 1.2546 kg.035 oz/g = 114.000 g/kg = 1. Every 0.254. Now add all the converted values: 2. so divide to determine the number of grams: 1. c. 471. Convert all units to a single unit ﬁrst.000 milligrams equals 1 gram. Every 1. so divide 4 ounces by 0.000 mg/g = 1.800 g + 3.9 g. 474. substitute –4 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–37) 9 C = 5 (–5 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 85 C = –19 C ≈ –20. T convert 20°C into Fahrenheit.6°C.

e. c. substitute –35 for C in the equation: o F = 9 (–35) + 32 5 F= –315 5 F = 9 C + 32 5 + 32 F = –63 + 32 F = –31° Therefore. 2°C = 35. substitute 17 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 153 5 F = 9 (17) + 32 5 + 32 F = 30.6°F. T convert –35°C into Fahrenheit.6°F. To convert –10°C into Fahrenheit. 476. 225 . e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 475. T convert 17°C into Fahrenheit. substitute –10 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F= –90 5 F = 9 ( –10) + 32 5 + 32 F = –18 + 32 F = 14° Therefore. 17°C = 62. substitute 90 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 810 5 F = 9 (90) + 32 5 + 32 F = 162 + 32 F = 194° Therefore. –10°C = 14°F. –35°C = –31°F. 479. substitute 2 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 18 5 F = 9 (2) + 32 5 + 32 F = 3. a. 477. T convert 90°C into Fahrenheit.6° Therefore. a. 90°C = 194°F.6 + 32 F = 35. 478.6° Therefore.6 + 32 F = 62. To convert 2°C into Fahrenheit.

26°C = 78. c.710 g × 1.8°F. One kilogram equals 1.2°F.000 mg. 483. b. a. substitute –81 for C in the F = 9 (57) + 32 5 equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F = – 729 + 32 5 F = –145. T convert 26°C into Fahrenheit.000 g/kg = 12.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 480.2 + 32 F = 93.710. 481. T convert 34°C into Fahrenheit.000 mg/g = 12.8° Therefore.2° Therefore. –81°C = –113.8 + 32 F = 78.6° Therefore.710 g. d. so multiply: 12.71 kg 1.000 milligrams. substitute 57 for C in the equation: o F = 9 (34) + 32 5 F = 9 C + 32 5 F = 513 + 32 5 F = 102. 57°C = 134.6°F.6 + 32 F = 134. e.8 + 32 F = –113. substitute 34 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F = 306 + 32 5 F = 61. 34°C = 93.8°484. substitute 26 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 234 5 F = 9 (26) + 32 5 + 32 F = 46. so multiply again: 12.000 grams. T convert 57°C into Fahrenheit. F = 9 ( – 81) + 32 5 226 . 482. One gram equals 1.8° Therefore. To convert –81°C into Fahrenheit.

substitute –40 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F = – 360 + 32 5 F = –72 + 32 F = –40° Therefore. c.4°486. b. Therefore. 32°F = 0°C.000 grams. substitute –7 for C in the equation: o 63 F = – 5 + 32 F = –12.000 cg. Each centigram equals 10 milligrams. c.000 g/kg = 240 g. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 227 .6 + 32 F = 19.24 kg: 0. Each kilogram is 1. substitute –63 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F = – 567 + 32 5 F = –113. d. –63°C = –81. 487.4°F.4 + 32 F = –81. so multiply to ﬁnd the number of grams in 0. F = 9 C + 32 5 10 mg/cg 488. 490. substitute 32 for F in the equation: C = 5 (32 – 32) 9 C = 5 (0) 9 C= 0 9 C = 0° Therefore. multiply: 2 cg = 20 mg.4° Therefore. –40°C = –40°F. T convert –7°C into Fahrenheit.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 485. Each gram equals 100 centigrams so multiply again: 240 g 100 cg/g = 24. –7°C = 19. c. to ﬁnd the F = 9 (–63) + 32 5 F = 9 (–40) + 32 5 number of milligrams in 2 centigrams. To convert –63°C into Fahrenheit. To convert 32°F into Celsius.4° Therefore. To convert –40°C into Fahrenheit. d.24 kg × 1. F = 9 (–7) + 32 5 489.

substitute 15 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–17) 9 C = 5 (15 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C = –85 9 C ≈ –9. b. add the 9 ounces to the number of ounces in 12 pounds: 192 ounces + 9 ounces = 201 ounces. 5°F = –15°C. 183°F ≈ 83. 228 .4°C.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 491.9°C. substitute 5 for F in the equation: C = 5 ( – 27) 9 C = 5 (5 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 35 C = –19 C = –15° Therefore. 15°F ≈ –9. To convert 183°F into Celsius. b. b. a.1° Therefore. substitute 183 for F in the equation: C = 5 (151) 9 C = 5 (183 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C = 755 9 C ≈ 83. e.9° Therefore. 493. Since Michael weighed 12 pounds 9 ounces. so 12 pounds would equal: 12 lbs 16 oz/lb = 192 oz. substitute 97 for F in the equation: C = 5 (65) 9 C = 5 (97 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C = 325 9 C ≈ 36. 492. To convert 97°F into Celsius. 494. 97°F ≈ 36. 495. To convert 15°F into Celsius. Every pound equals 16 ounces.4° Therefore.1°C. To convert 5°F into Celsius.

490 cg. substitute –19 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–19 – 32) 9 C = 5 (–51) 9 55 C = –29 C ≈ –28. so divide: 5. To convert –21°F into Celsius. 497. Every 908 kilograms is equivalent to 1 ton.12 grams since every 100 centigrams equals 1 gram: 512 cg ÷ 100 cg/g = 5.12 g + 42.37 g. Now add: 5. c.7°C.12 g. To convert 29°F into Celsius. so multiply: 564. b.37 g = 47.49 g. b. –19°F ≈ –28. e. substitute –21 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–21 – 32) 9 C = – 265 9 C ≈ –29.370 milligrams equals 42. 498.3° Therefore.448 kg ÷ C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C = 5 (–53) 9 908 kg/t = 6 t. c.3°C. 42.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 496. –21°F ≈ –29.370 mg ÷ 1. Each gram is 100 centigrams. 229 . 501. 29°F ≈ –1.4° Therefore. 512 centigrams is equal to 5. To convert –19°F into Celsius.370 grams since every 1.7° Therefore.4°C.9 g C = 5 (F – 32) 9 100 cg/g = 56. 500. e. substitute 29 for F in the equation: C = 5 (29 – 32) 9 C = 5 ( – 3) 9 C = – 195 C ≈ – 1.000 milligrams equals 1 gram: 42.000 mg/g = 42. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 499.

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