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1 Codex Standard 251-2006

CODEX STANDARD FOR A BLEND OF SKIMMED MILK AND


VEGETABLE FAT IN POWDERED FORM

CODEX STAN 251-2006

1. SCOPE
This Standard applies to a blend of skimmed milk and vegetable fat in powdered form, intended for direct
consumption, or further processing in conformity with the description in Section 2 of this Standard.

2. DESCRIPTION
A blend of skimmed milk and vegetable fat in powdered form is a product prepared by the partial removal of
water from milk constituents with the addition of edible vegetable oil, edible vegetable fat or a mixture thereof,
to meet the compositional requirements in Section 3 of this Standard.

3. ESSENTIAL COMPOSITION AND QUALITY FACTORS

3.1 Raw materials


Skimmed milk and skimmed milk powders 1 , other non-fat milk solids, and edible vegetable oils/ fats.1

The following milk products are allowed for protein adjustment purposes:
– Milk retentate Milk retentate is the product obtained by concentrating milk protein by ultrafiltration of milk,
partly skimmed milk, or skimmed milk;
– Milk permeate Milk permeate is the product obtained by removing milk proteins and milk fat from milk,
partly skimmed milk or skimmed milk by ultrafiltration; and
– Lactose 1

3.2 Permitted nutrients


Where allowed in accordance with the Codex General Principles for the Addition of Essential Nutrients for
Food (CAC/GL 09-1987), maximum and minimum levels for Vitamins A, D and other nutrients, where
appropriate, should be laid down by national legislation in accordance with the needs of individual country
including, where appropriate, the prohibition of the use of particular nutrients.

3.3 Composition
Blend of skimmed milk and vegetable fat in powdered form
Minimum total fat 26% m/m
Maximum water 2 5% m/m
Minimum milk protein in milk solids-not-fat2 34% m/m

Reduced fat blend of skimmed milk powder and vegetable fat in powdered form
Total fat More than 1.5% and less than 26% m/m
Maximum water2 5% m/m
Minimum milk protein in milk solids-not-fat2 34% m/m

4. FOOD ADDITIVES
The following provisions are subject to endorsement by the Codex Committee on Food Additives and
Contaminants and to incorporation into the General Standard for Food Additives.

Only those food additives listed below may be used and only within limits specified.

1
For specification, see relevant Codex Standard.
2
The milk solids and milk solids-not-fat contents include water of crystallization of the lactose.
2 Codex Standard 251-2006

INS no. Name of additive Maximum level

Stabilizers

331(i) Sodium dihydrogen citrate Limited by GMP

331(iii) Trisodium citrate Limited by GMP

332(i) Potassium dihydrogen citrate Limited by GMP

332(ii) Tripotassium citrate Limited by GMP

508 Potassium chloride Limited by GMP

509 Calcium chloride Limited by GMP

Acidity regulators

339(i) Monosodium orthophosphate

339(ii) Disodium orthophosphate

339(iii) Trisodium orthophosphate

340(i) Monopotassium orthophosphate

340(ii) Dipotassium orthophosphate

340(iii) Tripotassium orthophosphate

341(i) Monocalcium orthophosphate

341(ii) Dicalcium orthophosphate

450(i) Disodium diphosphate

450(ii) Trisodium diphosphate

450(iii) Tetrasodium diphosphate 4 400 mg/kg, singly or in combination as phosphorous

450(v) Tetrapotassium diphosphate

450(vi) Dicalcium diphosphate

450(vii) Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate

451(i) Pentasodium triphosphate

451(ii) Pentapotassium triphosphate

452(i) Sodium polyphosphate

452(ii) Potassium polyphosphate

452(iii) Sodium calcium polyphosphate

452(iv) Calcium polyphosphates

452(v) Ammonium polyphosphates

500(i) Sodium carbonate Limited by GMP

500(ii) Sodium hydrogen carbonate Limited by GMP

500(iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate Limited by GMP

501(i) Potassium carbonates Limited by GMP

501(ii) Potassium hydrogen carbonate Limited by GMP

Emulsifiers

322 Lecithins Limited by GMP

471 Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids Limited by GMP

Anticaking agents

170(i) Calcium carbonate Limited by GMP

504(i) Magnesium carbonate Limited by GMP

530 Magnesium oxide Limited by GMP

551 Silicon dioxide Limited by GMP

552 Calcium silicate Limited by GMP

553(i) Magnesium silicate Limited by GMP

553(iii) Talc Limited by GMP

554 Sodium aluminosilicate Limited by GMP

556 Calcium aluminum silicate Limited by GMP


3 Codex Standard 251-2006

INS no. Name of additive Maximum level

559 Aluminum silicate Limited by GMP

341(iii) Tricalcium orthophosphate


4 400 mg/kg, singly or in combination as phosphorous
343(iii) Trimagnesium orthophosphate

Antioxidants

300 Ascorbic acid


500 mg/kg as ascorbic acid
301 Sodium ascorbate

304 Ascorbyl palmitate


80 mg/kg, singly or in combination as ascorbyl stearate
305 Ascorbyl stearate

320 BHA
100 mg/kg singly or in combination. Expressed on fat or
321 BHT oil basis
319 TBHQ

5. CONTAMINANTS
The products covered by this Standard shall comply with the maximum limits for contaminants and the
maximum residue limits for pesticides and veterinary drugs established by the Codex Alimentarius
Commission.

6. HYGIENE
It is recommended that the products covered by the provisions of this standard be prepared and handled in
accordance with the appropriate sections of the Recommended International Code of Practice – General
Principles of Food Hygiene (CAC/RCP 1-1969), the Code of Hygienic Practice for Milk and Milk Products
(CAC/RCP 57-2004) and other relevant Codex texts such as Codes of Hygienic Practice and Codes of
Practice. The products should comply with any microbiological criteria established in accordance with the
Principles for the Establishment and Application of Microbiological Criteria for Foods (CAC/GL 21-1997).

7. LABELLING
In addition to the provisions of the Codex General Standard for the Labelling of Prepackaged Foods (CODEX
STAN 1-1985) the following specific provisions apply:

7.1 Name of the food


The name of the food shall be:
– Blend of Skimmed Milk and Vegetable Fat in Powdered Form; or
– Reduced Fat Blend of Skimmed Milk and Vegetable Fat in Powdered Form.
Other names may be used if allowed by national legislation in the country of retail sale.

7.2 Declaration of total fat content


The total fat content shall be declared in a manner found acceptable in the country of sale to the final
consumer, either (i) as a percentage by mass or volume, or (ii) in grams per serving as quantified in the label
provided that the number of servings is stated.
A statement shall appear on the label as to the presence of edible vegetable fat and/or edible vegetable
oil. When required by the country of retail sale, the common name of the vegetable from which the fat or oil is
derived shall be included in the name of the food or as a separate statement.

7.3 Declaration of milk protein


The milk protein content shall be declared in a manner acceptable in the country of sale to the final consumer,
either (i) as a percentage by mass or volume, or (ii) in grams per serving as quantified in the label provided
that the number of servings is stated.

7.4 List of ingredients


Notwithstanding the provision of Section 4.2.1 of the General Standard for the Labelling of Prepackaged
Foods (CODEX STAN 1-1985) milk products used only for protein adjustment need not be declared.
4 Codex Standard 251-2006

7.5 Advisory Statement


A statement shall appear on the label to indicate that the product should not be used as a substitute for infant
formula. For example, “NOT SUITABLE FOR INFANTS”.

8. METHODS OF SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS


See CODEX STAN 234-1999.